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Hepatitis B Tips

Hepatitis B And Its Ayurvedic Treatment!

Hepatitis B And Its Ayurvedic Treatment!

What is hepatitis B?

Hepatitis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the liver. It sometimes causes severe liver damage.

There are several types of hepatitis. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis D, Hepatitis E.

In hepatitis B, the liver is infected with the hepatitis B virus. This causes inflammation. The liver isn’t able to work properly.

Hepatitis B can be short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic).

  • Acute hepatitis B - This is a brief infection (6 months or less) that goes away because the body gets rid of the virus. 
  • Chronic hepatitis B - This is a long-lasting infection( it lasts more than six months.) that happens when your body can’t get rid of the virus. Having chronic hepatitis B increases your risk of developing liver cirrhosis liver failure and liver cancer

The causes of hepatitis B -

Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus. People pass the hepatitis B virus to each other. This happens when you come into contact with another person’s infected:

  • Blood 
  • Semen 
  • Vaginal secretions 
  • Saliva

Common ways this virus is spread are through:

  • Needle sticks 
  • Sharp instruments 
  • Shared razors and toothbrushes 
  • Unprotected sex with an infected person 
  • Sharing drug supplies

Babies may also get the disease if their mother has the virus. 

Who is at risk for hepatitis B? 

Anyone can get hepatitis B by coming into contact with the blood or body fluids of someone who is infected with hepatitis B.

Some people are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B. They include:

  • Children born to mothers who have hepatitis B 
  • People who have a blood-clotting disorder, such as hemophilia 
  • People who need dialysis for kidney failure 
  • People who use IV (intravenous) drugs 
  • People who have unprotected sex. 
  • People who have a job where they are in contact with human blood, body fluids, or needles 
  • People taking medicines(immunosuppressant) that weaken (suppress) the body’s infection-fighting system (immune system) 
  • People with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) or hepatitis C infections

Pregnant women should be tested for hepatitis B. 

Symptoms of hepatitis B

Hepatitis B has a wide range of symptoms. It may be mild, without symptoms, or it may cause chronic hepatitis.

Each person’s symptoms may vary. The most common symptoms of hepatitis B is as follows.

Diagnosis of Hepatitis B -

  1. Blood tests can detect signs of the hepatitis B virus in your body. 
  2. Liver ultrasound
  3. Liver biopsy

Complications of hepatitis B -

1. Liver failure can lead to death.

2. The risk of liver cancer is higher in people with hepatitis B.

3. Long-term or chronic hepatitis B can cause severe liver damage. The most severe liver damage is called cirrhosis. The liver stops working properly.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Hepatitis B -

Ayurvedic treatment mainly boost the immune system to get the rid of Hepatitis B virus. Specially ''Rasayan'' Ayurvedic treatment that is very effective to rejuvenate each and every cell of our body and mainly liver tissue. Nectar like Ayurvedic medicine help to slow down or stop the virus from damaging the liver.

Ayurvedic Treatment is helpful to decrease the amount and destructive energy of virus in the blood, Rejuvenate liver tissue, reduce complications.

Important points to prevent hepatitis B?

A vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis B. The vaccine is suggested for everyone age 18 years and younger, as well as for adults over age 18 who are at risk for the infection.

You can protect yourself and others from hepatitis B by:

  • Using condoms during sex 
  • Making sure any tattoos or body piercings are done with tools that have been cleaned properly and do not have any germs (sterile) 
  • Not sharing needles and other drug supplies 
  • Not sharing toothbrushes or razors 
  • Not touching another person’s blood or body fluids unless you wear gloves.

Though there are treatments available in Ayurveda, it is advisable to consult an Ayurvedic liver specialist before opting for any treatment.

6036 people found this helpful

Hepatitis - How To Prevent It?

Hepatitis - How To Prevent It?

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause hepatitis: 

Types Of Hepatitis -

1. Hepatitis A -
Hepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the feces of someone contaminated with hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of hepatitis.

2. Hepatitis B -
This is a chronic form of hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of hepatitis B include injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected.

3. Hepatitis C -
This is also a chronic form of hepatitis. The most common causes of hepatitis C are the use of drug injections or having sex.

4. Hepatitis D -
This is not a chronic form of hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood.

5. Hepatitis E -
This is the most uncommon form of hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting fecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries.

Causes Of Hepatitis -

1. Virus -
This is the usual way of contracting hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems.

2. Alcohol and other toxins -
Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of hepatitis is known as alcoholic hepatitis.

3. Autoimmune disease -
This is the rarest cause of hepatitis.  The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.

How do you safeguard yourself against infection from these dangerous hepatitis viruses?

The most common cause of concern is that a lot of us who are infected with hepatitis, especially hepatitis B don’t know that we are. The biggest bulwark against hepatitis is periodic testing and vaccination. Vaccination is available for most hepatitis viruses including A and B, which tend to be extra virulent.

So, do take care and go for periodic testing. We are reiterating this because if you are infected with hepatitis B and are not treated you can develop serious problems of the liver, including liver cancer. In fact, nearly 1 in 4 people living with hepatitis B develop serious liver problems including liver cancer. Hepatitis B related liver cancer is a leading cause of fatality and getting tested for hepatitis can help you access life-saving treatments that can prevent serious liver damage.

Other ways to prevent hepatitis are -

Hepatitis A -

  1. Wash your hands with soap after using the toilet.
  2. Only consume freshly-cooked food.
  3. Only drink bottled or boiled water.
  4. Only eat fruits that can be peeled. Don’t eat fruit that has been cut and kept.
  5. Avoid eating raw vegetables.
  6. Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis A if you travel a lot.

Hepatitis B -

  1. Practice safe sex by using condoms.
  2. Only use new syringes for injections.
  3. Do not share toothbrushes, razors, or manicure instruments with others.
  4. Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis B.
  5. Take care while getting tattooed. Only use brand new tattoo needles. Also, ask for new needles during acupuncture treatments.

Hepatitis C -

  1. Avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors, and manicure equipment.
  2. Cover open wounds if you are infected.
  3. Don’t share needles. Always ask for fresh needles.
  4. Use only well-sterilized equipment for acupuncture, piercing, and tattooing, etc.
  5. Cut down on alcohol.
  6. Do not share drug needles.
3903 people found this helpful

Hepatitis - How To Prevent It?

Hepatitis - How To Prevent It?

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause hepatitis:

Types -

1. Hepatitis A -
Hepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the feces of someone contaminated with hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of hepatitis.

2. Hepatitis B -
This is a chronic form of hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of hepatitis B include injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected.

3. Hepatitis C -
This is also a chronic form of hepatitis. The most common causes of hepatitis C are injection drug use or having sex.

4. Hepatitis D -
This is not a chronic form of hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood.

5. Hepatitis E -
This is the most uncommon form of hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting fecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries.

Causes

1. Virus -
This is the usual way of contracting hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems.

2. Alcohol and other toxins -
Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of hepatitis is known as alcoholic hepatitis.

3. Autoimmune disease -
This is the rarest cause of hepatitis.  The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.

How do you safeguard yourself against infection from these three dangerous hepatitis viruses?

The most common cause of concern is that a lot of us who are infected with hepatitis, especially hepatitis B don’t know that we are. The biggest bulwark against hepatitis is periodic testing and vaccination. Vaccination is available for most hepatitis viruses including A and B, which tend to be extra virulent.

So, do take care and go for periodic testing. We are reiterating this because if you are infected with hepatitis B and are not treated you can develop serious problems of the liver, including liver cancer. In fact, nearly 1 in 4 people living with hepatitis B develop serious liver problems including liver cancer. Hepatitis B related liver cancer is a leading cause of fatality and getting tested for hepatitis can help you access life-saving treatments that can prevent serious liver damage.

Other ways to prevent hepatitis are -
Hepatitis A -

  1. Wash your hands with soap after using the toilet
  2. Only consume freshly-cooked food
  3. Only drink bottled or boiled water
  4. Only eat fruits that can be peeled. Don’t eat fruit that has been cut and kept
  5. Avoid eating raw vegetables
  6. Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis A if you travel a lot.

Hepatitis B -

  1. Practice safe sex by using condoms
  2. Only use new syringes for injections
  3. Do not share toothbrushes, razors, or manicure instruments with others
  4. Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis B
  5. Take care while getting tattooed. Only use brand new tattoo needles. Also, ask for new needles during acupuncture treatments.

Hepatitis C -

  1. Avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors, and manicure equipment
  2. Cover open wounds if you are infected
  3. Don’t share needles. Always ask for fresh needles.
  4. Use only well-sterilized equipment for acupuncture, piercing, and tattooing, etc.
  5. Cut down on alcohol
  6. Do not share drug needles

Adult Immunization - Know About It!

Adult Immunization - Know About It!

If you think that immunisation is only for your infant, then you are living in a fool’s paradise. It’s a life-long process. You are never too old for this. It is a life-protecting job. You must get all your immunisation done in time to be protected against fatal diseases.

Here are some of the most common vaccines given to adults:

  1. Hepatitis A (Hep A): You should take this vaccine if you are exposed to a specific risk factor for hepatitis A virus infection. You may also opt for this to be simply protected from this disease. The vaccine is usually given in two doses. It should be given 6-18 months apart.
  2. Hepatitis B (Hep B): You will need this if you are exposed to a specific risk factor for hepatitis B virus infection. You may take it simply if you want to be protected from this disease. The vaccine is given in three doses over a period of six months.
  3. Human papillomavirus: This vaccine is given to women, who are 26 years of age or younger. In the case of men, the upper limit for age is 22. It can also be given to a man with a risk factor in the age group 22 to 26. It is given in three doses over a period of six months.
  4. Influenza: It is a must for every individual. It should be given a dose every winter. It will not only provide protection to the immunised person, but also to others surrounding him.
  5. Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR): You may require at least a single dose of this vaccine if you were born after 1975.
  6. Meningococcal (MenACWY [MCV4], MenB, MPSV4): You may need MenACWY and/or MenB vaccine if you have been suffering from certain health conditions. It is given to adults who are not having a functioning spleen.
  7. Pneumococcal (Pneumovax [polysaccharide vaccine, PPSV]; Prevnar [conjugate vaccine] PCV): You will have to get both pneumococcal vaccines, Prevnar (if you haven’t had it before) and Pneumovax, if you are more than 65 years of age. You will have protection from diseases like asthma, heart, and lung, or kidney disease, immunosuppression. It is best to consult your doctor before injecting such vaccines.
  8. Tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis) (Tdap, Td): It must be given to all adults who have not got a dose of Tdap in adolescence. It is a must for pregnant women. You need a Td booster once every 10 years.
  9. Varicella (Chickenpox): If you’ve never been exposed chickenpox or got vaccinated after receiving 1 dose, you must talk to your doctor to know when and what you should take.
  10. Zoster (shingles): If you are 60-year-old or above, you must definitely get a 1-time dose.
4986 people found this helpful

Hepatitis - Know The Types & Their Signs!

Hepatitis - Know The Types & Their Signs!

HepatitisThe problem of hepatitis is related to an inflammatory condition of liver. It occurs mainly due to infection caused by virus but there are other possible causes as well. Hepatitis can be temporary or viral. Temporary hepatitis, which is acute in nature, gets resolved on its own. Viral hepatitis can be of five types, A, B, C, D and E.

Now, let us discuss about the causes behind each type of hepatitis, which results in liver problem.

Causes

The fact that we have identified five types of Hepatitis, A, B, C, D and E, let’s take a look at the causes behind the occurrence of all these types:

  • Hepatitis A: The most common way through which this type of virus gets transmitted, is through consuming food or water contaminated by wastes from a person infected with hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B: One can suffer from Hepatitis B, if one comes in contact with infectious body fluids like blood, secretions from vagina, semen, taking drugs through injections, containing the virus of Hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C: This is also transmitted when someone comes in direct contact with fluids of an infected person, through injection drugs and sexual contact. As per the reports of Union Health Ministry, about 1.2 crore people of India are suffering from Hepatitis C, with the worst affected region being North India.
  • Hepatitis D: It is a rare form of hepatitis, also known as delta hepatitis, occurs as a result of coming into direct contact with infected blood. Hepatitis D is rare because it only takes place in conjunction with hepatitis B infection.
  • Hepatitis E: This virus is mainly caused in areas of poor sanitation.  It is a waterborne disease, resulting from ingesting faecal matter that contaminates water supply. Cases of Hepatitis E have been mainly reported in Middle East, Asia, Central America and Africa.

Symptoms Of Hepatitis

Hepatitis, in its initial phase is called the acute phase. The following symptoms along with mild flu are visible:

Though this phase is not really dangerous but for some patients, it can result in liver failure leading to death.

Treatment for Hepatitis

Treatment options for different types of hepatitis are:

Hepatitis A: This doesn’t require treatment as it is short-term in nature. In case the symptoms cause a lot of discomfort, then bed rest is recommended. Vaccine is available to prevent this infection.
Hepatitis B: Acute Hepatitis B doesn’t require treatment either. Its chronic form can be treated with antiviral medications. This can be prevented with vaccination.
Hepatitis C: This type of hepatitis, both in its acute and chronic forms, is treated through antiviral medications.
Hepatitis D: According to a study in 2013, a drug known as alpha interferon is used to treat this type of hepatitis but unfortunately this only comes to the rescue of 25-30% people.
Hepatitis E: This acute form of hepatitis gets resolved on its own. Adequate rest, drinking sufficient amount of water and taking enough nutrients in their food are some of the ways to get healed from this disease.

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हेपेटाइटिस बी का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज - Hepatitis B Ka Ayurvedic Ilaj!

हेपेटाइटिस बी का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज - Hepatitis B Ka Ayurvedic Ilaj!

हेपेटाइटिस बी एक वायरस है जो लिवर को संक्रमित करता है. ज्यादातर लोग इससे ग्रसित होने पर कुछ सामय बाद ही बेहतर महसूस करने लगते जिसे एक्यूट हेपेटाइटिस बी कहा जाता है. लेकिन कभी-कभी इन्फेक्शन लंबे समय तक भी रह सकता है जिसे क्रोनिक हेपेटाइटिस बी कहा जाता है. यह आपको लम्बे समय में लीवर को नुकसान पहुंचाता है. वायरस से संक्रमित शिशुओं और छोटे बच्चों को क्रोनिक हेपेटाइटिस होने का ज्यादा खतरा रहता है. कभी-कभार ऐसा भी होता है की आप हेपेटाइटिस बी से पीड़ित हो और आपको इस बीमारी का अनुभव तक नहीं होता. ऐसा इसलिए, क्योंकि ऐसा संभव है कि इसके लक्षण दिखाई ना दें. यदि इसके लक्षण नज़र आते भी हैं तो वह फ्लू के लक्षण जैसे प्रतीत होते हैं. लेकिन इस स्थिति में भी आप इससे अपने आस-पास के लोगों को संक्रमित कर सकते हैं.

क्या है हेपेटाइटिस बी की बिमारी?
पीलिया या हेपेटाइटिस एक सामान्य लीवर डिसऑर्डर हैं, जो कई असामान्य चिकित्सा कारणों की वजह से से हो सकते हैं. पीलिया होने पर किसी व्यक्ति को सिर दर्द, लो-ग्रेड फीवर, मतली और उल्टी, भूख कम लगना, त्वचा में खुजली और थकान आदि लक्षण होते हैं. त्वचा और आंखों का सफेद भाग पीला पड़ जाता है. इसमें मल पीला और मूत्र गाढ़ा हो जाता है. हालांकि ऐसे में कुछ घरेलू उपचार आपकी काफी मदद कर सकते हैं. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हेपेटाइटिस बी के इलाज के लिए कुछ घरेलू उपचारों के बारे में जानें.

1. मूली का रस व पत्ते
मूली के हरे पत्ते पीलिया में फायदेमंद होते है. मूली के रस में बहुत प्रभावी गुण होते है कि यह खून और लीवर से अत्‍यधिक बिलिरूबीन को निकाल देने में सक्षम होते है. पीलिया या हेपेटाइटिस में रोगी को दिन में 2 से 3 गिलास मूली का रस जरुर पीना चाहिये. इसके साथ ही पत्ते पीसकर उनका रस निकालकर और छानकर पीएं.

2. टमाटर का रस
टमाटर का रस पीलिया में बहुत फायदेमंद होता है. इसमें विटामिन सी पाया जाता है, जिस वजह से यह लाइकोपीन में समृद्ध होता होता है. इसके रस में थोड़ा नमक और काली मिर्च मिलाकर पीएं.

3. आंवला
आवंले विटामिन सी का एक समृद्ध स्रोत है. आप आमले को कच्‍चा या फिर सुखा कर भी खा सकते हैं. इसके अलावा जूस के रूप में भी प्रयोग किया जा सकता है. इससे आपको संक्रमण से बहुत राहत मिल सकती है.

4. नींबू या पाइनएप्‍पल का जूस
नींबू का रस पीने से पेट साफ होता है. इसे रोज खाली पेट सुबह पीना पीलिया में लाभदायक होता है. इसके अवाला पाइनएप्‍पल भी लाभदायक होता है. पाइनएप्‍पल अंदर से पेट के सिस्‍टम को साफ रखता है.

5. नीम
नीम में कई प्रकार के वायरल विरोधी घटक पाए जाते हैं, जिस वजह से यह हेपेटाइटिस के इलाज में उपयोगी होता है. यह लिवर में उत्पन्न टॉक्सिक पदार्थों को नष्ट करने में भी सक्षम होता है. इसकी पत्तियों के साथ में शहद मिलाकर सुबह-सुबह पियें.

6. अर्जुन की छाल
अर्जुन के पेड़ की छाल, हार्ट और यूरिन सिस्टम को अच्छा बनाने के लिए माने जाती है. हालांकि, इसमें मौजूद एल्कलॉइड लिवर में कोलेस्ट्रॉल के उत्पादन को विनियमित करने की क्षमता भी रखता है. और यह गुण इसे हैपेटाइटिस के खिलाफ एक मूल्यवान दवा बनाता है.

7. हल्दी
देश के कुछ भागों में, लोगों को यह ग़लतफ़हमी है कि, क्योंकि हल्दी का रंग पीला होता है, पीलिया के रोगी को इसाक सेवन नहीं करना चाहिए. हालांकि यह एक कमाल का एंटी-इन्फ्लेमेट्री, एंटीऑक्सिडेंट, एंटी-माइक्रोबियल प्रभाव वाली तथा बढ़े हुए यकृत नलिकाओं को हटाने वाली होती है. हल्दी हैपेटाइटिस के खिलाफ सबसे प्रभावी उपायों में से एक है.

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What Is Hepatitis B?

What Is Hepatitis B?

What Is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an infection of your liver. It can cause scarring of the organ, liver failure, and cancer. It can be fatal if it isn’t treated.

It’s spread when people come in contact with the blood, open sores, or body fluids of someone who has the hepatitis B virus.

What Are the Symptoms of Hepatitis B :

Causes :

Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids. It does not spread by sneezing or coughing.

Diagnosis :

Blood tests. Blood tests can detect signs of the hepatitis B virus in your body and tell your doctor whether it's acute or chronic. A simple blood test can also determine if you're immune to the condition.
Liver ultrasound. A special ultrasound called transient elastography can show the amount of liver damage.
Liver biopsy. Your doctor might remove a small sample of your liver for testing (liver biopsy) to check for liver damage. During this test, your doctor inserts a thin needle through your skin and into your liver and removes a tissue sample for laboratory analysis.

Prevention :

The hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as three or four injections over six months. You can't get hepatitis B from the vaccine.

The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for:

  • Newborns
  • Children and adolescents not vaccinated at birth
  • Those who work or live in a center for people who are developmentally disabled
  • People who live with someone who has hepatitis B
  • Health care workers, emergency workers and other people who come into contact with blood
  • Anyone who has a sexually transmitted infection, including HIV
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who have multiple sexual partners
  • Sexual partners of someone who has hepatitis B
  • People who inject illegal drugs or share needles and syringes
  • People with chronic liver disease
  • People with end-stage kidney disease
  • Travelers planning to go to an area of the world with a high hepatitis B infection rate

Take precautions to avoid HBV :

  1. Know the HBV status of any sexual partner. Don't engage in unprotected sex unless you're absolutely certain your partner isn't infected with HBV or any other sexually transmitted infection.
  2. Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex if you don't know the health status of your partner. Remember that although condoms can reduce your risk of contracting HBV, they don't eliminate the risk.
  3. Don't use illegal drugs. If you use illicit drugs, get help to stop. If you can't stop, use a sterile needle each time you inject illicit drugs. Never share needles.
  4. Be cautious about body piercing and tattooing. If you get a piercing or tattoo, look for a reputable shop. Ask about how the equipment is cleaned. Make sure the employees use sterile needles. If you can't get answers, look for another shop.
  5. Ask about the hepatitis B vaccine before you travel. If you're traveling to a region where hepatitis B is common, ask your doctor about the hepatitis B vaccine in advance. It's usually given in a series of three injections over a six-month period.
1 person found this helpful

What Is Hepatitis B?

What Is Hepatitis B?

What Is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an infection of your liver. It can cause scarring of the organ, liver failure, and cancer. It can be fatal if it isn’t treated.

It’s spread when people come in contact with the blood, open sores, or body fluids of someone who has the hepatitis B virus.

What Are the Symptoms of Hepatitis B :

Causes :

Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids. It does not spread by sneezing or coughing.

Diagnosis :

Blood tests. Blood tests can detect signs of the hepatitis B virus in your body and tell your doctor whether it's acute or chronic. A simple blood test can also determine if you're immune to the condition.
Liver ultrasound. A special ultrasound called transient elastography can show the amount of liver damage.
Liver biopsy. Your doctor might remove a small sample of your liver for testing (liver biopsy) to check for liver damage. During this test, your doctor inserts a thin needle through your skin and into your liver and removes a tissue sample for laboratory analysis.

Prevention :

The hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as three or four injections over six months. You can't get hepatitis B from the vaccine.

The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for:

  • Newborns
  • Children and adolescents not vaccinated at birth
  • Those who work or live in a center for people who are developmentally disabled
  • People who live with someone who has hepatitis B
  • Health care workers, emergency workers and other people who come into contact with blood
  • Anyone who has a sexually transmitted infection, including HIV
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who have multiple sexual partners
  • Sexual partners of someone who has hepatitis B
  • People who inject illegal drugs or share needles and syringes
  • People with chronic liver disease
  • People with end-stage kidney disease
  • Travelers planning to go to an area of the world with a high hepatitis B infection rate

Take precautions to avoid HBV :

  1. Know the HBV status of any sexual partner. Don't engage in unprotected sex unless you're absolutely certain your partner isn't infected with HBV or any other sexually transmitted infection.
  2. Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex if you don't know the health status of your partner. Remember that although condoms can reduce your risk of contracting HBV, they don't eliminate the risk.
  3. Don't use illegal drugs. If you use illicit drugs, get help to stop. If you can't stop, use a sterile needle each time you inject illicit drugs. Never share needles.
  4. Be cautious about body piercing and tattooing. If you get a piercing or tattoo, look for a reputable shop. Ask about how the equipment is cleaned. Make sure the employees use sterile needles. If you can't get answers, look for another shop.
  5. Ask about the hepatitis B vaccine before you travel. If you're traveling to a region where hepatitis B is common, ask your doctor about the hepatitis B vaccine in advance. It's usually given in a series of three injections over a six-month period.

What Is Hepatitis B?

What Is Hepatitis B?

What Is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an infection of your liver. It can cause scarring of the organ, liver failure, and cancer. It can be fatal if it isn’t treated.

It’s spread when people come in contact with the blood, open sores, or body fluids of someone who has the hepatitis B virus.

What Are the Symptoms of Hepatitis B :

Causes :

Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids. It does not spread by sneezing or coughing.

Diagnosis :

Blood tests. Blood tests can detect signs of the hepatitis B virus in your body and tell your doctor whether it's acute or chronic. A simple blood test can also determine if you're immune to the condition.
Liver ultrasound. A special ultrasound called transient elastography can show the amount of liver damage.
Liver biopsy. Your doctor might remove a small sample of your liver for testing (liver biopsy) to check for liver damage. During this test, your doctor inserts a thin needle through your skin and into your liver and removes a tissue sample for laboratory analysis.

Prevention :

The hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as three or four injections over six months. You can't get hepatitis B from the vaccine.

The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for:

  • Newborns
  • Children and adolescents not vaccinated at birth
  • Those who work or live in a center for people who are developmentally disabled
  • People who live with someone who has hepatitis B
  • Health care workers, emergency workers and other people who come into contact with blood
  • Anyone who has a sexually transmitted infection, including HIV
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who have multiple sexual partners
  • Sexual partners of someone who has hepatitis B
  • People who inject illegal drugs or share needles and syringes
  • People with chronic liver disease
  • People with end-stage kidney disease
  • Travelers planning to go to an area of the world with a high hepatitis B infection rate

Take precautions to avoid HBV :

  1. Know the HBV status of any sexual partner. Don't engage in unprotected sex unless you're absolutely certain your partner isn't infected with HBV or any other sexually transmitted infection.
  2. Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex if you don't know the health status of your partner. Remember that although condoms can reduce your risk of contracting HBV, they don't eliminate the risk.
  3. Don't use illegal drugs. If you use illicit drugs, get help to stop. If you can't stop, use a sterile needle each time you inject illicit drugs. Never share needles.
  4. Be cautious about body piercing and tattooing. If you get a piercing or tattoo, look for a reputable shop. Ask about how the equipment is cleaned. Make sure the employees use sterile needles. If you can't get answers, look for another shop.
  5. Ask about the hepatitis B vaccine before you travel. If you're traveling to a region where hepatitis B is common, ask your doctor about the hepatitis B vaccine in advance. It's usually given in a series of three injections over a six-month period.

Hepatitis - How Can You Prevent Them Effectively?

Hepatitis - How Can You Prevent Them Effectively?

In simple terms, hepatitis means injury to your liver due to inflammation. There are five main types of hepatitis and the type that you are suffering from is determined by a laboratory test. All the five main types of hepatitis are caused by viruses. Out of the five, Hepatitis C and B are quite big. Globally, around 250 million people are affected by hepatitis C and 300 million people are estimated to be hepatitis B carriers.

Fact sheet on hepatitis

  1. Hepatitis A & E is caused by consuming contaminated water.
  2. Hepatitis B, C and D is transmitted through infected blood to blood contact.
  3. Hepatitis C is usually spread via direct contact with the blood of an infected person.
  4. The initial symptoms of hepatitis are the same as those of flu.
  5. Hepatitis can heal on its own causing no significant liver damage; however, if it progresses, it can cause extensive liver scarring and extensive damage of your liver.

Most liver damage is caused by 3 hepatitis viruses, and these are hepatitis A, B and C. 

How do you safeguard yourself against infection from these three dangerous hepatitis viruses?

The most common cause of concer is that a lot of us who are infected with hepatitis, especially hepatitis B don’t know that we are. The biggest bulwark against hepatitis is periodic testing and vaccination. Vaccination is available for most hepatitis viruses including A and B, which tend to be extra virulent.

So, do take care and go for periodic testing. We are reiterating this because if you are infected with hepatitis B and are not treated you can develop serious problems of the liver, including liver cancer. In fact, nearly 1 in 4 people living with hepatitis B develop serious liver problems including liver cancer. Hepatitis B related liver cancer is a leading cause of fatality and getting tested for hepatitis can help you access life-saving treatments that can prevent serious liver damage.

Other ways to prevent hepatitis are:
Hepatitis A

  1. Wash your hands with soap after using the toilet
  2. Only consume freshly-cooked food
  3. Only drink bottled or boiled water
  4. Only eat fruits that can be peeled. Don’t eat fruit that has been cut and kept
  5. Avoid eating raw vegetables
  6. Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis A if you travel a lot.

Hepatitis B

  1. Practice safe sex by using condoms
  2. Only use new syringes for injections
  3. Do not share toothbrushes, razors, or manicure instruments with others
  4. Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis B
  5. Take care while getting tattooed. Only use brand new tattoo needles. Also, ask for new needles during acupuncture treatments.

Hepatitis C

  1. Avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors, and manicure equipment
  2. Cover open wounds if you are infected
  3. Don’t share needles. Always ask for fresh needles.
  4. Use only well-sterilized equipment for acupuncture, piercing, and tattooing etc.
  5. Cut down on alcohol
  6. Do not share drug needles
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