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Heavy Periods Tips

Menorrhagia - Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Multi Speciality, Navi Mumbai
Menorrhagia - Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Menorrhagia is a medical condition in which a woman experiences excessive blood loss during menstruation. Though for some women, heavy bleeding might be normal, but Menorrhagia refers to such a condition in which a woman encounters anomalous bleeding. Generally, menstrual bleeding continues for a maximum period of seven days, however, in case of Menorrhagia, the bleeding continues for more than seven days.

Different causes are responsible for Menorrhagia. Some of the causes are mentioned below:

  1. In case of some women, miscarriage during pregnancy can lead to the development of Menorrhagia.
  2. Hormonal imbalance (especially Estrogen and Progesterone) can cause Menorrhagia.
  3. Any fibroid growth in the uterus region can also result in Menorrhagia.
  4. Birth control procedures like birth control shot, vaginal ring or intake of birth control pills can sometimes lead to a condition of Menorrhagia.
  5. For some women, anovulation (unable to ovulate at least once in a month) may result in Menorrhagia.
  6. Disorder related to platelet count can also cause Menorrhagia.
  7. Uterus cancer can also result in Menorrhagia.
  8. Maladies, related to kidney, liver or thyroid can also result in Menorrhagia.
  9. Sometimes, hereditary bleeding complications like Willebrand's disease (drop in the blood's clotting protein) can also cause Menorrhagia.
  10. At times, pelvic inflammatory diseases such as a fallopian tube infection can cause Menorrhagia.

The most common symptoms of Menorrhagia are as follows:

  1. Constant necessity to replace sanitary pads
  2. Unbearable menstrual cramps
  3. You may often notice passage of blood clots with regular bleeding
  4. Sometimes, the person may become anemic
  5. Body fatigue and drowsiness

Treatment for Menorrhagia: Menorrhagia is easily curable. Many treatment methods are available such as intake of iron tablets to prevent anemia, painkillers like Ibuprofen to control menstrual cramps and hormone therapy to cease excess bleeding.

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Dr. Meenakshi Gupta 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Md - Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Menstrual cycles are really hectic for a woman to tackle all the time. Sometimes they result to different abnormalities which can be caused due to a lot of various reasons. But if you are experiencing some serious problems every month then you should visit the doctor and do a checkup. You should never neglect any kind of medical disorder which is often related to your menstrual cycle.

One of the most common problem which many women face is abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a serious problem in which the bleeding from the uterus is longer than expected and can occur at irregular time. You may face bleeding at unusual times and randomly. So it becomes really hectic to manage if you have a hectic schedule.

Causes

Abnormal uterine bleeding can be caused due to a variety of reasons. Here are some of the most important of them which affects majority of the women.

● AUB can occur when the female ovaries do not release the egg.
● Thickening of the uterine wall or lining can also result to heavy bleeding at unusual times.
● Uterine polyps may also lead to bleeding.
● If the person is suffering from any cancer which has affected the ovaries, uterus, cervix, or vagina.
● If the women takes hormonal birth control pills.
Infection in the uterus or cervix can also lead to heavy unusual bleeding.

These are the most common causes of AUB which most of the women tend to experience. Now we will have a look at the symptoms of AUB which will help you to identify it.

Symptoms

Abnormal uterine bleeding can be identified if the following symptoms have been experienced.

● If there is heavy bleeding or spotting from the vagina between periods
● If the Periods occur less than 28 days apart or more than 35 days apart.
● If the time period between the periods changes frequently each month.
● The bleeding may last for more days than normal or for more than a week.

So these are the symptoms of AUB which you should be well aware of and if you identify any of them, make sure you visit your doctor or gynaecologist for a checkup.

Risks

AUB can possess different risks to the women who are facing it. Even though most women tend to experience it at least once in their lifetime, sometimes it can become really serious and needs to be treated so that it does not affect your health in a negative way. The most common risks which are involved in Abnormal uterine bleeding are -

● If AUB is affecting the woman very frequently and if it is not treated properly, it can result to infertility or the condition which does not let a woman conceive.
● Women can also experience severe anemia due to heavy blood loss.
● Untreated AUB can be really dangerous and can also result to endometrial cancer.

So here are the different information related to Abnormal uterine bleeding which you should know about and if you experience anything serious related to it make sure you visit the doctor immediately.

वुमेन्स मेंस्तुराशनल हाइजीन टिप्स - Women's Menstruational Hygiene Tips In Hindi!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
वुमेन्स मेंस्तुराशनल हाइजीन टिप्स - Women's Menstruational Hygiene Tips In Hindi!

किसी भी स्त्री के यौवन की शुरुआत शारीर में कई परिवर्तनों और विकास का सूचक होती है. हालांकि इस बदलाव के साथ ढलने में थोड़ा समय अवश्य लगता है. ये बदलाव सिर्फ शारीरिक और बौद्धिक ही नहीं होता है बल्कि कई बार तो इसकी वजह से स्त्रियों की पूरी दिनचर्या बदल जाती है. माहवारी या मासिक धर्म के दौरान तनाव और दर्द से बचने का सबसे बेहतर तरीका है कि उन दिनों में साफ़-सफाई और स्वच्छता का विशेष ध्यान रखा जाए. सैनिटरी नैपकिन्स के इस्तेमाल से लेकर उन्हें सही तरीके से नष्ट करने तक ऐसी कई चीज़ें हैं जो हमें याद रखनी चाहिए. तो आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम आपके “महीने के उन दिनों” में हाइजिन रहने के लिए कुछ बहुत आसान से टिप्स बताएं.

1. टैम्पोंज की जगह मेनस्ट्रूवल कप इस्तेमाल करें
टैम्पोंज कीके बदले मेनस्ट्रूवल कप ज़्यादा आरामदायक होते हैं. क्योंकि कप्स ब्लड फ्लो को सोखने की बजाए उसे इकट्ठा करने का काम करते हैं. यानी इसमें लीकेज की संभावना नहीं है और आपको हर आधे घंटे में बदलने के लिए बाथरूम नहीं जाना पड़ता है. इसके अलावा टैम्पोंज आपको पीड़ादायक और शुष्क महसूस करा सकते हैं.इसलिए जिन स्त्रियों को हैवी फ्लो होता है उनके लिए कप्स निश्चित रूप से बेहतर विकल्प हैं.

2. खुजली से बचने के लिए सैनिटरी पैड्स को सही तरीके से लगाएं
यदि आप सैनिटरी पैड्स का इस्तेमाल कर रही हैं तो इससे जुड़े एहतियातों का बेहद सावधानी से अनुसरण करें. पैड्स को सही से पहनने के लिए पर्याप्त समय लें क्योंकि अगर वो सही तरीके से नहीं लगेगा तो खुजली होने होने की संभावना में वृद्धि हो जाती है. इसका कारण ये है कि स्त्री जननांग बहुत गिला होता है. लेकिन याद रहे आवश्यकता पड़ने पर चिकित्सकीय सहायता भी ले लेनी चाहिए.

3. सुरक्षा के लिए जनानंग के बाहरी हिस्से को रखें साफ़
हालांकि ये सही है कि मादा जनांग खुदबखुद साफ़ होता रहता है लेकिन फिर भी कभी-कभी हल्के गुनगुने पानी से इसके बाहरी हिस्से को साफ़ करते रहना आवश्यक है. लेकिन अंदर साबुन का इस्तेमाल न करें. इसके बदले में यदि आप चाहें तो महिलाओं के लिए बाजार से मिलने वाले स्वच्छ उत्पाद ले सकती हैं. यूरिनरी ट्रैक्ट इन्फ़ेक्शन से बचने के लिए इस बात का ख्याल रखें की पानी जननांग से एनल एरिया की तरफ जाए न कि इसका उल्टा.

4. पीरियड्स के लिए अलग अंडरवियर रखें “हमेशा”
मेनस्ट्रूएशन के दौरान पैंटीज को दागों से मुक्त रखना मुश्किल है. ऐसा तब और होता है जब काम से बाहर होती हैं या दफ्तर में या कहीं और होती हैं. इसलिए यदि आप दो या अधिक अंडरवियर रखेंगी तो आपको आसानी होगी. हालांकि इन पैंटीज को बाद में गर्म पानी से ठीक से साफ़ करके ही इस्तेमाल करना चाहिए.

5. पीरियड के दिनों में अपनी चादर को बदलते रहें
रात में कभी लीकेज होना सामान्य बात है. गंदगी और संक्रमण से बचने के लिए अपनी चादर बदलती रहें. चादर को धोने के लिए डेटॉल या किसी भी दूसरे सैनिटाईजर का इस्तेमाल करें. इसके अलावा अपने इनरवियर को भी बदलती रहें. जिन लड़कियों को ज़्यादा पसीना आता है, वो जितना ज़्यादा अपना इनर वियर बदलेगी (बजाए उन्हें पूरे दिन पहनने के), उतना ही उन्हें आरामदायक महसूस होगा.

6. कसरत के बाद जननांग की सफाई न भूलें
अगर आप पीरियड के दिनों में योगा या किसी भी प्रकार की माइल्ड कसरत करती हैं, तो कपड़े बदलना और नहाना न भूलें क्योंकि कसरत के कारण पसीना इकट्ठा हुआ होगा, जिससे जीवाणु संक्रमण हो सकता है.

7. खानी पिने से पहले हाथों की ठीक से सफाई करें
पीरियड के दिनों में कुछ भी खाने या पीने से पहले अपने हाथों को साबुन या हैंड सैनिटाईजर से धोना न भूलें. ऐसा करने से आप कई अनावश्यक बीमारियों से बच जाते हैं.

8. सैनिटरी पैड्स या टैम्पोंस को उचित निपटारण करें
सैनिटरी पैड्स या टैम्पून्स को कूड़ेदान में डालने से पहले उन्हें अच्छे से ढकना न भूलें. उन्हें कभी भी फ्लश न करें, चाहें आप कितनी भी जल्दी में हो.

1 person found this helpful

Menstrual Disorders - 5 Common Causes Of It!

Dr. Santosh Daphale 85% (10 ratings)
M.B.B.S, D.N.B, Fellowship in IVF
Gynaecologist, Kolhapur
Menstrual Disorders - 5 Common Causes Of It!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

  1. Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.
  2. Anatomic problems: One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.
  3. Clotting irregularities: Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.
  4. Medications and supplements: There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirinibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.
  5. Miscellaneous factors: These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancerovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stressobesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.
3463 people found this helpful

How To Deal With Excessive Bleeding During Menstruation?

Dr. Rekha Anand 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Navi Mumbai
How To Deal With Excessive Bleeding During Menstruation?

Excessive bleeding during menstruation is the bane of countless women’s lives worldwide. Your doctor will classify your periods as heavy if you bleed enough to soak a pad every hour for several consecutive hours.
Passing large clots during menstruation and a period that lasts over seven days also are counted as excessive menstrual bleeding. Apart from messing up with daily activities, heavy bleeding or menorrhagia can also lead to anaemia which in turn causes shortness of breath and fatigue.

Causes
Hormonal imbalance is a big cause. If you are a teenager, you can easily have an imbalance in oestrogen and progesterone leading to heavy periods. This imbalance also easily presents in menopausal women.

  1. Hormonal imbalance can also be seen if there is a problem in ovarian function.
  2. Fibroids are another cause of heavy bleeding. Non-cancerous tumours of the uterus are another cause. Fibroids mostly occur during childbearing years.
  3. Miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies that occur in fallopian tubes are another cause of heavy bleeding.
  4. Use of medicines that thin blood in people with heart problems
  5. Intrauterine devices or IUDs used for birth control can also cause heavy bleeding.
  6. Pelvic inflammatory disease, PID, which is an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and other organs of the reproductive system, can cause heavy bleeding.
  7. Cervical, uterine and ovarian cancers can also cause this symptom.
  8. Low platelet counts that can prevent normal blood clotting due to liver, kidney, or thyroid disease.

Treatments
The doctor will examine you and determine the cause of the heavy bleeding. And depending on the cause, treatment will be carried out. There are a few medicines that are prescribed for menorrhagia like:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen to cut down on blood loss and minimise the pain
  2. Hormone therapy can be done for stabilising hormones as well as the lining of the uterus and regulate the menstrual cycle
  3. Inserted IUD can also be removed in case the bleeding is too excessive

Surgery can also be considered depending on your case history. One of the following surgical procedures is usually recommended

  1. Dilation and curettage - D&C involves dilating the cervix or the entrance of the uterus and cleaning the lining of the uterus.
  2. Hysteroscopy -  A long, thin scope is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and the doctor is able to see and simultaneously remove uterine masses that may be causing heavy bleeding.
  3. Hysterectomy - If all else fails, the uterus is removed. This puts a stop to a woman’s chances of having a baby ever.

Heavy bleeding should not be ignored as it puts you at risk of iron-deficiency anaemia which can affect your whole body.

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding - Diagnosis And Treatment!

Dr. Indu Bala Khatri 94% (10 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding - Diagnosis And Treatment!

Any kind of bleeding from the uterus, which is not normal, can be termed as abnormal uterine bleeding. This refers to bleeding between periods or before periods, bleeding after having sex, spotting, abnormally heavy bleeding or bleeding after attaining menopause. If you are suffering from any of these issues, you need to check with the doctor. 

Diagnosis
It is very important to diagnose abnormal uterine bleeding. There are several examinations and tests that have to be carried out, depending on age. For irregular spotting, a pregnancy test can be undertaken in case you think you could be pregnant. If your uterine bleeding is very heavy, a test has to be performed to check blood count. This is done to observe whether you have anemia. An ultrasound test of the pelvic region will also be advised by your doctor to know the cause of the bleeding. Several hormonal tests and thyroid function tests are required as well.

Other diagnostic tests include:

  1. Sonohysterography: When fluid is placed within the uterus and ultrasound images of the uterus are taken. An image of the pelvic organs is obtained.
  2. HysteroscopyIt can be carried out when a device is inserted via the vagina and enables the doctor to examine the uterus internally.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging: This is also used to get images of the organs.
  4. Endometrial biopsy:  It involves insertion of a catheter to take out a tissue which is microscopically observed. 

Treatment
There are different types of treatment for abnormal uterine bleeding depending upon factors such as the cause of bleeding and the age of the patient.

  1. Medications: Several medicines are used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding. Sometimes hormonal medicines are used. Birth control pills are also used to improve the regularity of periods. Hormonal infections, vaginal creams and an IUD device releasing hormone can be used. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also used to control bleeding. Several antibiotics may also be prescribed.
  2. Surgery: In some cases of abnormal uterine bleeding, a woman has to undergo a surgery for the removal of growth such as polyps and fibroids, which results in bleeding. While some fibroids can be removed via hysteroscopy, others require different techniques for treatment.
  3. Endometrial ablation: It can be undertaken to control bleeding. This mode of treatment aims at reducing the bleeding permanently. In case all treatment methods fail, hysterectomy has to be carried out. This is a major surgery and after it is performed, a woman does not have periods anymore and will not be able to conceive a child.

Abnormal uterine bleeding is a major health condition, which may lead to severe complications. Immediate diagnosis and appropriate treatment methods should be undertaken in case of any abnormal uterine bleeding.

6 Ways To Treat Heavy Bleeding During Menses!

Dr. Bhagyashree Deshmukh 92% (60 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
6 Ways To Treat Heavy Bleeding During Menses!

Menstruation is the monthly discharge of blood from the vagina, which lasts for about 5 to 6 days. It is the shedding of the inner lining of the uterus, when pregnancy does not occur after the release of egg from the ovary. Menstrual periods are generally often accompanied by painful cramps in the lower abdomen, heavy bleeding, weakness, water retention, irritability and malaise.

What is Menorrhagia?

Very heavy or prolonged periods are medically termed as menorrhagia. It is abnormally heavy bleeding if there is a requirement to change sanitary napkins or tampons several times within a very short span of time. Passing large blood clots, night time bleeding, bleeding for over 7 -8 days, are other symptoms that one might be suffering from menorrhagia.

Common Causes Behind It

  1. Menorrhagia is mostly a cause of hormonal imbalance, particularly in the levels of estrogens and progesterone.

  2. Fibroids, cysts or polyps in the organs of the reproductive system, which includes the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

  3. History of miscarriage or failed pregnancies.

  4. Use of contraceptives

How can you treat heavy bleeding during menses

  1. Change of diet: You must include more minerals, iron, magnesium and calcium in your diet. Your diet must comprise a lot of green vegetables, fresh fruits and dairy products.

  2. Some non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen may be prescribed to reduce the blood loss.

  3. Certain hormonal therapies to regulate the hormonal imbalances and menstrual irregularities.

  4. Home remedies such as intake of certain herbs, ginger and coriander seeds help to control heavy bleeding.

  5. Increasing magnesium intake to balance out levels of oestrogen.

  6. It is best to stick to natural remedies, as it generally does not create complications in other bodily functions.

If the bleeding cannot be controlled even after a change of diet and home remedies, you must visit the gynaecologist as soon as possible. Heavy bleeding is a serious problem, especially if accompanied by dizziness, fluctuations in the blood pressure, nausea and weight loss. Severe cramps and constant bleeding can hinder daily routine, therefore, the earlier you receive medical attention, the quicker you will get relief.

4504 people found this helpful

Heavy Bleeding During Menses - How Can It Be Treated?

Motherhood 86% (259 ratings)
Speciality Birthing Care
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Heavy Bleeding During Menses - How Can It Be Treated?

Menstruation is the monthly discharge of blood from the vagina, which lasts for about 5 to 6 days. It is the shedding of the inner lining of the uterus, when pregnancy does not occur after the release of egg from the ovary. Menstrual periods are generally often accompanied by painful cramps in the lower abdomen, heavy bleeding, weakness, water retention, irritability and malaise.

What is Menorrhagia?

Very heavy or prolonged periods are medically termed as menorrhagia. It is abnormally heavy bleeding if there is a requirement to change sanitary napkins or tampons several times within a very short span of time. Passing large blood clots, night time bleeding, bleeding for over 7 -8 days, are other symptoms that one might be suffering from menorrhagia.

Common Causes Behind It

  1. Menorrhagia is mostly a cause of hormonal imbalance, particularly in the levels of estrogens and progesterone.

  2. Fibroids, cysts or polyps in the organs of the reproductive system, which includes the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

  3. History of miscarriage or failed pregnancies.

  4. Use of contraceptives

How can you treat heavy bleeding during menses

  1. Change of diet: You must include more minerals, iron, magnesium and calcium in your diet. Your diet must comprise a lot of green vegetables, fresh fruits and dairy products.

  2. Some non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen may be prescribed to reduce the blood loss.

  3. Certain hormonal therapies to regulate the hormonal imbalances and menstrual irregularities.

  4. Home remedies such as intake of certain herbs, ginger and coriander seeds help to control heavy bleeding.

  5. Increasing magnesium intake to balance out levels of oestrogen.

  6. It is best to stick to natural remedies, as it generally does not create complications in other bodily functions.

If the bleeding cannot be controlled even after a change of diet and home remedies, you must visit the gynaecologist as soon as possible. Heavy bleeding is a serious problem, especially if accompanied by dizziness, fluctuations in the blood pressure, nausea and weight loss. Severe cramps and constant bleeding can hinder daily routine, therefore, the earlier you receive medical attention, the quicker you will get relief.

6797 people found this helpful

4 Causes Of Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy!

Dr. Pannam Sharma 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
4 Causes Of Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy!

Bleeding during pregnancy is relatively common and doesn’t always mean there is a problem. It can be daunting and scary. However contrary to common beliefs, bleeding need not be a necessary harmful to a pregnant woman. However, it is important to take bleeding seriously at any stage of the pregnancy.

What are the possible causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?

Causes of vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy include

  1. Implantation bleeding: It is a harmless light bleeding that often occurs around the time your period would have been due. It occurs when the developing embryo implants itself in the wall of the womb.
  2. Cervical changes: Cervical changes due to pregnancy may sometimes cause bleeding specifically after sex.
  3. Miscarriage: During early pregnancy vaginal bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage. About 1 in 5 pregnancies miscarry and usually, the cause is in the fetus and not the mother or the partner. At the same time, it is important to note that many women who bleed at this stage of pregnancy go on to have normal and successful pregnancies.
  4. Ectopic pregnancy: An ectopic pregnancy is when fertilized egg implants outside the womb, for example in the fallopian tube. It can cause bleeding and is dangerous.

Early detection and appropriate management is a must in this case, so as to prevent any life-threatening complication. Other less common causes are molar pregnancy (a mass that forms inside the uterus that does not result in a baby) and problems with the cervix such as a cervical growth or cervical or vaginal infections. Vaginal bleeding might also occur during the later second or third trimester of the pregnancy.

Some of the commonly occurring includes

  1. Placenta praevia (low lying placenta): This is when the placenta is attached in the lower part of the womb, near to or covering the cervix. Bleeding from a low lying placenta can be very heavy and put you and your baby at risk
  2. Placental abruption: It is a serious condition in which the placenta starts to come away from the womb wall.
  3. Vasa praevia: A rare condition where baby’s blood vessels run through the membranes covering the cervix. When your water breaks, these vessels are torn and cause vaginal bleeding.

Vaginal bleeding towards the end of the pregnancy is normal. Often bleeding mixed with mucous (which is called show) can be a sign of the starting of the labor. 

When to visit a doctor?

It is important to keep the doctor informed about any bleeding that may have occurred at any stage of the pregnancy. A woman should carefully note details such as the type of bleeding, its texture, whether it included any tissue or clots, other symptoms such as pain and dizziness To work out what is the causing the bleeding, you may need to have a vaginal or pelvic examination, an ultrasound scan or blood tests and according to the cause and how many weeks pregnant you are it would be advised whether you need to be admitted to hospital or not and further treatment would be planned and advised.

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Menstrual Disorders - Know What Causes It!

Dr. Neelima Padmanaban 86% (36 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Menstrual Disorders - Know What Causes It!

Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.

As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders are as follows:

- Hormonal imbalance

Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

- Anatomic problems

One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

- Clotting irregularities

Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.

- Medications and supplements

There is a wide range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, Vitamin E supplements etc.

- Miscellaneous factors

These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.  

 

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