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Heart Disease: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Heart Disease?

Heart disease refers to any disorder of the heart. Heart disease includes blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems such as arrhythmias and heart defects you're born with, among others.

Heart disease s may be caused by various factors ranging from an unhealthy diet plan to congenital heart defects. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated by adopting some of the healthy lifestyle choices.

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

Heart is one of the body’s most important organs of the human body. Heart diseases are one of the leading cause of death all across the world. There are mainly four types of heart diseases which are most common around the world.

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease are caused by growing plaque in the walls of the coronary arteries which, subsequently, limits the blood flow to the heart’s muscle. It can ultimately become the reason of a heart attack.


Arrhythmias can cause the heart to beat too quickly, too slowly or irregularly, that may result in a broad range of heart disease symptoms.

Heart valve disease

Heart valve disease may occur when one or more of your four heart valves doesn't work properly. The causes of heart valve disease can cause stenosis, regurgitation and atresia.

Heart failure

Generally, in the Heart Failure, the heart’s pumping capacity is not adequate to meet the demands for blood and oxygen required by the rest of the body. This may result in situations which may lead to weakening of the heart muscle.

How long can you live with heart disease?

When it comes to heart disease, life expectancy rates vary in various diseases that come under the umbrella of Heart Disease. Life expectancy depends upon the condition of disease you're suffering through. For example in a congestive heart failure, a doctor will probably tell you that there is no one answer. While going by the recent advancements, 50% of patients will have an average life expectancy of five years. Case studies have shown that those with advanced heart failure, up to 90% will pass away within one year.

Can the heart repair itself?

As of now, there was a mistaken belief that the human heart doesn't have this capacity to heal itself. But some of the recent exciting research have shown that the heart does, indeed, have some ability to make new muscle and possibly repair itself. Though it can't fix the kind of damage caused by a heart attack as the rate of regeneration is so slow. Walking and several other physical exercise after a heart attack strengthens the remaining heart muscle.

How can I make my heart stronger?

A healthy lifestyle can improve heart function, making it strong and less susceptible to disease. Here goes a few tips to make your heart stronger to keep it healthy and efficient, dramatically improving your quality of life:

  1. Exercise regularly: In order to improve overall cardiovascular health, experts have suggested an at least 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise or 75 minutes per week of vigorous exercise or a combination of both.
  2. Maintain a healthy diet: Research have established that adopting a heart-healthy diet can actually strengthen your heart muscle. A heart-healthy diet includes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, skinless poultry and fish and low-fat dairy products.
  3. Manage stress: Stress and anxiety can cause anything from high blood pressure to asthma to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

What foods are bad for your heart?

In order to keep your heart and cardiovascular system healthy, keep these meals and snack items away from your regular diet.

  1. Cookies and pastries
  2. Margarine
  3. Sugary cereals
  4. Candy
  5. Soft drinks and sugar-sweetened juices
  6. Meat-lovers pizza
  7. Diet soda
  8. Deep-fried foods
  9. Processed and cured meats
  10. Fast-food burgers

What is the best exercise for the heart?

Though, there are several exercises that a heart patient can do to keep his/her heart in healthy condition. Here goes some simple and common exercises that one can adopt in his daily routine.

  1. Circuit training: Circuit training is one of the best types of exercises that helps to increase your cardiovascular fitness. When you work out at a very high intensity the blood starts to pump a lot harder and that challenges the elasticity of the arterial wall.
  2. Swimming: Swimming is something which everyone would love to. It is one of the most enjoyable exercise one can adopt in his daily lifestyle especially after knowing that it helps in keeping heart in healthy condition.
  3. Running: Running intervals will surely push your cardiovascular fitness to the next level.
  4. Yoga: Yoga is an excellent way to strengthen your heart and tone your muscles.
  5. Cycling: Studies have found that regular cycling can, indeed, reduce your risk for coronary heart diseases.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Age 51 underwent cabg in 2015 taking metxl25 mg and deplatt-cv daily since. What tests should I undergo to check my cardiac status?

Visit your physician. Let him assess you and your symptoms. Only then he can give you best advice for your particular case.

My 68 year old father had a slight chest discomfort and we went to meet the doctor. Ecg echo came out showing no problem but the stress test / treadmill test had a slight discomfort/ pressure in the chest area which eased after stopping. Angiogram was suggested though ecg and echo did not have any issues. How important is angio and how safe is it.

Hello and welcome to Lybrate. An angiogram is prescribed because the cardiologist was convinced that your father needs it. There are no other tests that can detect blocks and therefore you should go with the cardiologist's suggestion. You can cont...

I am taking embeta xr 50 twice and natrilix sr daily for last 24 days. Sometime I feel my heart beat for a prolonged period and feel uncomfortable. Is it fine.

No it seems you are having palpitations. Get a consultation with a cardiologist and have a review of the drugs you are taking along with your health condition.

Hi, Is it ok to take ecosprin av 75/20 even though it has not been advised by any Dr. And if I can take it, course should be of how many tablets?

It is useful after heart attack, not before. It may slightly reduce risk of blockages, but there are many possible side effects. Aspirin has been tested 5 times, but was a failure, av tested once, failed. There are very reliable ways to stay out o...
9 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Heart Disease?

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

How long can you live with heart disease?

Can the heart repair itself?

How can I make my heart stronger?

What foods are bad for your heart?

What is the best exercise for the heart?

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How To Keep Heart Healthy?
Hi! I am Dr Rajiv Bajaj, a cardiologist from Delhi. If you want to be healthy, if you want to stay fine, if you want your heart to be fit till you are 90; it's not very difficult. You know tobacco is harmful, you know alcohol is harmful, the only ...
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Heart Failure
Hi, My name is Dr. Viveka Kumar. Today I am going to speak on and discuss with you regarding the most difficult disease to manage and that is heart failure. As you would know, India is capital of heart failure and we are seeing more and more patie...
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Hello, I am Dr. Brij Mohan Makkar, Endocrinologist. Me apko diabetes ke bare me btaunga. Ye major problem hai India me. Log isko neglect krte hain and sugar control pe focus nhi krte hain. Isse vo apna quality of living khrab krte hain. Life span ...
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Heart Disease
Namaskar, Me Dr. Rajiv Agarwal, Cardiologist. Aaj me apko btaunga heart disease ke bare me. Me apko btaunga ki kaise pta chal skta hai ki heart disease ke chances hain and ise kaise prevent kia ja skta hai. Heart attack, stroke inse jyada importan...
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Heart Disease Prevention
Namaskar! I am Dr. Rajiv Agarwal. I am senior director of cardiology at the Max Smart Super Specialty Hospital in Saket New Delhi. I will be talking to you today about heart disease and its prevention. Koi shak nhi hai ki aaj ki tarik me hiredya r...
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