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Hello dear doctor. I just wanted to know the benefits and side effects of eating garlic and honey on an empty stomach.

Dt. Khushboo Sharda 85% (10 ratings)
MSC in Food Processing and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Udaipur
Honey and garlic helps to reduce cholesterol levels and blood pressure. They boost immunity as well.
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5 Ways You Can Do Colon Cleansing At Home

Dr. Ajay Mishra 88% (171 ratings)
DNB, M.D. MEDICINE, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Surat
5 Ways You Can Do Colon Cleansing At Home

The colon is a part of the digestive system of your body, which extracts the vitamins, nutrients, water and salt from the indigestible food. This helps in getting rid of solid waste from your body. Now, you may wonder why colon cleansing is necessary. It is required when there is some disorder in the normal colon function, such as when the colon absorbs the toxins in place of removing them from your body, you may experience colon problems. These results in syndromes like gaining weight, fatigue, lack of energy, constipation, bloating and many more.

Cleaning the colon in a natural way is one of the earliest processes by which you can get a normal colon. This process is also called autointoxication. There are some ways by which you can go for natural colon cleansing.

  1. One of the easiest and best ways for colon cleansing is drinking plenty of water. Regular intake of water will keep your body hydrated and the body organs functioning. It will also help your body to get rid of various toxins.
  2. Intake of apple juice is yet another process of colon cleansing. Apple juice normalises your bowel movements and keeps your liver fit. It keeps the digestive system functioning as well. One glass of raw apple juice followed by one glass of water half an hour later works best for colon cleansing.
  3. Lemon juice with a high amount of vitamin C is excellent for the digestive system. A glass of warm water mixed with lemon juice and honey keeps your liver, colon and the entire digestive system fit and fine.
  4. Stay away from fried and processed food for a couple of days. It is better if you drink fresh vegetable juice for a number of times in a day. Green and leafy vegetables remove toxins from your body. They have high amount of minerals and enzymes which provides energy to your body.
  5. Yogurt is your best companion when it comes to colon cleansing. It contains some bacteria, which are good for your body and helps accelerate the digestion process. It is one of the best way by which you can cure every stomach and digestion-related problems.

A friend of mine has hyperthyroid, it was diagnosed 5 months ago and is currently on medication. Is it ok to consume descent amount of peanut butter (one sandwich with peanut butter between the breads) everyday?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 95% (15229 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
A friend of mine has hyperthyroid, it was diagnosed 5 months ago and is currently on medication. Is it ok to consume ...
Hello, Thanks for the query. Taking a small quantities of pen nut butter is fine even for a person with hypothyroidism But always avoid soy and soy containing foods. Thanks.
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I'm of age 20 years having body weight of 50 kg and height 5'7" feet. I'm suffering from underweight since 2 years (not gaining weight) .Can you please prescribe me medication or healthy diet for my weight betterment.

Ms. Geetanjali Ahuja Mengi 90% (479 ratings)
Masters Of Science In Dietetics And Food Service Management Msc. (DFSM), Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE), Advanced Clinical Nutrition Program, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Nutrition And Dietetics PGD, Bachelors Degree In Applied Nutrition Bhsc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
I'm of age 20 years having body weight of 50 kg and height 5'7" feet. I'm suffering from underweight since 2 years (n...
Hello, Taking any type of medication/pills/supplements is not advisable. Hello, losing weight continuously can be due to a lot of reasons. Suggestion is to get checked for any underlying medical condition. -Exercise daily for an hour -Include protein in your diet (taking protein rich foods post workout helps in muscle building) -Increase fiber in your diet -Include fruits and vegetables in your diet (2-3 serving) -Water intake of atleast 3L per day -Add healthy fat like nuts to your diet. -Avoid/Exclude fried, sugary and junk food -Eat a balanced and healthy diet -Do not skip breakfast as 40% of days energy is from breakfast NOTE: The above mentioned practices can change according to a specific medical condition.
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Gut Flora - All About It!

Dr. A.A Khan 93% (1041 ratings)
General Physician, Gorakhpur
Gut Flora - All About It!

While we have all been bombarded through the various sources on the internet, print and media about the beneficial effects of various “healthy” diets, have you ever stopped to think about how or why this might be the case. Is this because of a direct effect of the components of the diet on the various body functions. It turns out that some of this may be mediated by the effects of diet on the various residents in our gut, also known as our gut flora.
So, who are these residents in our gut?

What is gut flora?
Gut flora, also known as gastrointestinal flora, are the various microbes in our bodies (microbiome). They number more than 10 times the number of cells in the human body, up to 100 trillion cells. They also encode 100 times the number of genes (the metagenome) that a human possesses (the genome). In the human gut microbiome, while over 99% of the genes are bacterial, there are also fungi and viruses.

How does diet impact the gut flora?
The phrase ‘you are what you eat’ should perhaps be now modified to ‘your microbiome is what you eat’. More than one study has shown that a ‘western diet’ rich in protein and animal fat is associated with a predominance of a bacterial species named Bacteroides while those on a more agrarian diet richer in carbohydrates tend to show a predominance of a bacterial species named prevotella.

Why does flora matter?
It is postulated that the various components of the microbiome tend to be in a state of balance in a healthy individual. When this balance gets disturbed, this has been termed as ‘dysbiosis’. This ‘dysbiosis’ is usually associated with many diseases of the ‘modern age’ including obesity, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and cardiovascular diseases.

While studies have started showing the differences in microbiome with the various dietary components, it is still early to suggest that changing one’s diet alone would be the only way to change towards less ‘dysbiosis’. This is because we still do not have an agreement on what is truly a ‘healthy microbiome’. Additionally, recent studies have also shown that the immediate environment that one resides in may impact the microbiome with changes seen soon after immigration to a western country. That said, it would make sense to adopt a healthier diet that is lower in animal fat and more grain-based sources of proteins while research evolves towards more specific answers in the years and decades to come.

High On Fibre Diet - 10 Foods That Promote It!

Dt. Ankita Gupta 88% (21 ratings)
Masters In Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics (MCND)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
High On Fibre Diet - 10 Foods That Promote It!

Fibre is crucial for proper digestion and 85 % immunity of the human body is due to digestion alone. Scientists have recently concluded after years of study that the human brain and gut are indeed connected. This leads us to the question whether we are looking after our guts to stay healthy and fit for years to come?

Consider this modern diets have left millions worldwide with deficiency of fibre. And, this is really alarming because high - fibre foods help to guard against cancer, heart disease, kidney stones, PMS, obesity and diabetes.

Fibre comes in two varieties- soluble and insoluble. Soluble fibre turns to gel in the stomach, slowing digestion, which helps lower cholesterol and blood sugar. Insoluble fibre remains untouched all the way to the large intestine aiding in proper evacuation of the GI tract. Since fibre is never absorbed into the body, you have to eat sufficient quantities of it every day. Experts suggest that you need 25-38 gm of fibre each day in your diet. But how do you get this amount?

Here is a list of 10 high- fibre foods for jacking-up fibre content

  1. Legumes like split peas or ‘dals’: Fibre content - 16.3 gm per cup. Eaten as a staple food in India, split peas are full of proteins and fibre. They can be had in soup, stew and dal form.
  2. Lentils like quinoaFibre content -  15.6 gm per cup. They are also good source of protein, iron, folate, manganese and phosphorous.
  3. Artichokes: Fibre - 10.3 gm per medium vegetable. Reservoir of vitamins A, C, E, B, K, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorous, Artichokes are one of the top most high antioxidant food.
  4. Peas: Fibre - 8.8 gm per cup. They are also filled with protein, Omega-3s, vitamins and folates and contain insoluble fibres
  5. BroccoliFibre - 5.1 gm per cup. A power packed cruciferous vegetable, full of anti-oxidants.
  6. Brussels sproutsFibre - 4.1 gm per cup. Contains  balance of soluble and insoluble fibre apart from nutrients like vitamins C, K, B1, B2, B6, folate and manganese.
  7. Oatmeal: Fibre 4 gm per cup. Great for breakfast with milk!
  8. Flax seeds: Fibre - 3 gm per tablespoon: Tonnes of nutrients are packed in the humble flax seeds. They contain protein, thiamine, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, Omega-3 fatty acids and fibre. They reduce cholesterol and help ease symptoms of menopause.
  9. Avocados: Fibre 6.7 gm per half fruit raw. Pack with the goodness of vitamin C, E, B6, folate, vitamin K and potassium. Contain healthy fats that help to lower cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease.
  10. Pears: Fibre - 5.5 gm per medium fruit. This fruit contains Omega-6 fatty acids which helps keep the cells in brain and nerves healthy.

Sodium Deficiency - Signs And Symptoms You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Col V C Goyal 94% (10193 ratings)
CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Sodium Deficiency - Signs And Symptoms You Must Be Aware Of!

Sodium deficiency or hyponatraemia refers to the low sodium concentration in the body of an individual. As other minerals, Sodium also plays essential roles in the human body. It is required for many of the functions of the body, including blood pressure management, fluid balance and the proper functioning of the nervous system. It may also sometimes lead to neurological impairments which affect walking and attention and could also result in bone fracture. Hyponatremia can be caused due to drinking too much of water, without enough replacement of sodium from the body. However, consuming too much of sodium can increase the volume of blood in the body, resulting in various health problems and can sometimes lead a person to coma.

The symptoms of sodium deficiency or hyponatraemia aren’t usually always specific. They can differ from person to person and depend on how rapid the fall in the sodium concentration of the body is. However, some of the common symptoms that are usually seen in the affected persons are as follows:

  1. Gastrointestinal distress: One of the symptoms of hyponatraemia includes gastrointestinal distress. It may cause a decrease in the appetite of an individual and also result in nausea and vomiting. However, if a person suffering from sodium deficiency experiences vomiting, then their problem may continue to worsen.
  2. Cognitive Impairment: Deficiency in sodium level can also result in abnormal mental status. Hyponatremia causes expanding of the tissue cells in the body. However, maximum tissues in the body can handle this change but the brain cannot. It is not capable of compensating for the increased size of the cells and as a result, the brain starts to dysfunction and causes a headache, confusion, lethargy and the problem of fatigue. With the worsening of the conditions, the person can experience hallucinations, decrease in consciousness and may also lead to coma.
  3. Muscular Problems: Due to the drop in Sodium concentration, a person can experience various muscular problems including spasms or cramps. He/She may also suffer from fatigue. The weakness in the muscles and seizures are some of the additional symptoms of sodium deficiency.

The severity of these symptoms depends on the speed i.e., on how fast the fall in the blood salt level is. A gradual, low-level drop can be tolerated if it lasts for a few days or weeks, but the deficiency of sodium in the body can be fatal if not treated as early as possible. It may even lead to the death of a person.

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Is it good to give Apple with milk in milkshake form and can add overnight soaked almond and raisin in it. I give all it together in smothee form to my 4 year daughter in the morning daily is to good for breakfast. Please reply. Thank you.

Dt. Ankita Bhargava 92% (2929 ratings)
Masters In Clinical Nutrition & Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Is it good to give Apple with milk in milkshake form and can add overnight soaked almond and raisin in it. I give all...
Hello Lybrate user Sure you can give her. If you want to discuss more you contact us thru Lybrate. We have diet plan for school going children Which include. To get ideal height and weight. To cure deficiency of vitamins and minerals. To help them to build immune system strong and also cure digestive problem. And many more. But before prescribing any thing we need some information like. Vitals.Medical history. Family history. Physical activity. Daily routine And many more.
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I want to loose weight. I don’t do exercise. My job is office work. No movement. Want healthy diet plan.

Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 91% (11221 ratings)
Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
I want to loose weight. I don’t do exercise. My job is office work. No movement. Want healthy diet plan.
Various weight loss programs and they either fail or regain weight later. If you have lost all the hopes of losing weight, you won't ever be able to lose weight. So, first of all, prepare yourself mentally. I myself and many of my patients have lost weight very easily with these simple steps. By now if you are confident and desperate to lose weight, you are very likely to succeed. But if you aren't motivated enough or aren't yet confident, this article may not help you. 2nd step - Understanding the calorie balance You might have tried and failed earlier. That's expected when we try to do something without understanding it. If you are curious to understand the basics of calorie balance in our body you may go through this beautiful article explaining it in simple language. Glucose is the basic source of energy for our body and even if you are just lying down on the bed, you need approximately 1800-2000 calories per day. The major source of glucose for our body is carbohydrates in our diet. The body starts burning fats only when it is short of glucose supply from the diet. 3rd step - The right diet Stop sugar and sugar-containing products completely. If you are fond of sweets replace it with artificial sweeteners. You can use the artificial sweeteners like Splenda, Equal, Sugar-Free in tea, milk and for making desserts. You can also buy readymade sugarless products like sweets, cookies, ice cream etc. Have lots of salads before every meal. The quantity should be good enough to make your stomach full. With lots of salads and vegetables you might feel full but still, the hunger won't go away. For that, you should then have protein-rich food item. If you are a vegetarian have 3-4 bowls of Dal. You may keep changing the Dal and recipe so that you don't get bored of the taste. If you are a non-vegetarian there are several others options like eggs, fish, chicken, mutton. Once you had protein-rich food item you won't feel like eating. Then if you still feel like having Roti or Rice, you can have it but limit the quantity to 1/4th of your routine diet. Once you start following this diet, don't check your weight at least for a month. You can expect a weight loss of 3-4 kgs visible in 3 months. If you continue the diet, you may lose further and would be able to maintain it. Myths and Facts About Weight Loss Weight loss is a long journey with many misconceptions attached to it. So, let us talk about more in detail about some common myths, facts and logic behind weight loss. First Myth You can lose 10 kgs in a month. ➤ Logic Many health centres have used this marketing line to sell their products. Actually, it is a very unhealthy and unsustainable process of losing weight. One should always think about long-term benefits when it comes to health. Scientifically, the healthy weight loss range falls between 2 to 5 kgs only. ➤ Fact You cannot lose 10 kgs in a month. Second Myth Exercise is enough, no need of dieting. ➤ Logic Exercise is beneficial for many reasons but when it comes to weight loss, a proper weight loss diet plays a vital role. If you eat 1 chicken sandwich, you consume 400 to 500 calories, you need to burn these calories by working out for at least for an hour. Now imagine a scenario where you would have made a healthier choice. In that case, a half an hour workout would have been enough. Get to know how much exercise you need to lose weight? ➤ Fact Exercise is not enough, proper dieting is absolutely essential. Third Myth Fasting and Skipping meals help you to lose weight fast ➤ Logic Fasting and skipping meals slow down the metabolism due to which you shed weight slowly. Besides that, later in the day, you feel really hungry and binge on unhealthy stuff. Learn to get more information on Increase body metabolism to lose weight. ➤ Fact Fasting and Skipping meals never help you to lose weight fast. Fourth Myth Carbohydrates make you gain weight. So, cut down carbs in your diet.
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Soy Milk - The Good, The Bad And The Best!

Dr. Jyoti Chabria 88% (154 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
Soy Milk - The Good, The Bad And The Best!

Do you consume soy milk on a regular basis? Soy milk is full of essential nutrients and is a source of complete protein for vegns and vegetarians. However, some people avoid taking soy milk as several compounds similar to the female hormone estrogen are present in soy milk. In spite of having several cons, the pros of drinking soy milk are significant and essential for maintaining good health.

  1. Nutrients in soy milk: Soy milk contains protein in large amounts and is fortified with micro nutrients such as vitamin D, calcium, phosphorous, vitamin A, vitamin B 12 and Riboflavin. One cup of soy milk contains about 8 grams of protein. Soy milk also contains Alpha Linolenic Acid or ALA, an Omega-3 fatty acid, which the body requires for proper functioning. The micro nutrients contained in soy milk are similar to those present in cow milk.
  2. It is lactose-free: Cow milk contains lactose, which is a natural sugar and many people find it hard to digest it. Soy milk is completely lactose free. Hence, if you have a milk allergy or are lactose intolerant, soy milk serves to be an ideal nutritional replacement without having any negative side effects on your body.

Health benefits
There are several health benefits, which are obtained by drinking soya milk. It is free of dietary cholesterol, trans fat and saturated fat, which indicates that your risk of heart disease is reduced. Drinking 25 grams of soy milk as a part of a healthy diet prevents the occurrence of heart diseases. Soy contains isoflavones which help in the prevention of hormone associated cancers such as breast cancer, prostate cancer and endometrial cancer.

In spite of having several health benefits, there are some potential concerns associated with soy milk and its consumption. According to some studies, soy can affect or impact fertility in men. Soy may also increase the activity of thyroid hormone and reduce thyroid function. Moreover, milk is considered to be more effective than soy protein in boosting lean muscle mass.

Soy milk accounts for being one of the most ideal non dairy milk varieties, if you are concerned about matching its nutrient content with cow’s milk. Recently, there have been some controversies regarding the benefits of soy milk as GMOs or genetically modified organisms are used in it. However, there are many soy milk manufacturing brands which do not use GMOs. Moreover, there is no evidence about GMOs being harmful to the body.


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