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Hi, I'm 18 years old. I'm suffering half headache from last 3 years .and left eye also pain. And ek bear full winter season me itna derd hua k nose me se blood agaya. So what I do. Kindly suggest me.

Dr. D.K. Gupta 91% (1053 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Rewa
Hi, I'm 18 years old. I'm suffering half headache from last 3 years .and left eye also pain. And ek bear full winter ...
Dear Lybrate user:- U r suffering from refractive error & migrainous headache .U need complete refractive error correction. Following treatments is being recommended: Tab Xeromig Twice a day ×10 days Investigation: CT scan :head Make urgent appointment privately with me for further clarification of your eyes problems.
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What Are The Symptoms And Treatment Of Myopia?

Dr. Neeraj Wadhwa 87% (10 ratings)
FRCS, MD - Ophthalmology , MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
What Are The Symptoms And Treatment Of Myopia?

Myopia is also known by the name of nearsightedness. It is one of the most common refractive disorders of the eye. Over the years, it has become more prevalent. According to a recent study conducted by the National Eye Institute (NEI), myopia has grown more prevalent from 25 percent in 1972 to around 40% percent in 2004 in United States.

The exact cause of the prevalence of this disorder in USA is not known. However, many doctors are of the opinion that eye fatigue due to overuse of computers can be the primary reason behind the spread of this disorder. It could also be affected by genetical links.

Myopia Symptoms And Signs:

It is time to take care of your eyes if you have difficulty in reading the sign boards on road or seeing objects from a distance. This could be a sign for myopia if you are able to see things clearly from a closer distance. There are several symptoms of myopia, including strain on eyes, headaches and squinting. If these signs don’t vanish after wearing lenses or spectacles, you must visit your ophthalmologist.

What are the factors that cause Myopia or Nearsightedness?

It occurs at a time when the eyeball of the patient is too long. The lens of the patient will be too long as compared to the focusing power of the cornea or the eye lens. This condition leads to the focusing of light rays at a point in front of the retina. The rays don’t focus directly on the retina’s surface. Myopia can also be caused if the lens of the eye is too curved. Myopia can also be caused due to a combination of factors. The problem may start from childhood. You are also at the risk of developing the problem if your parents have had the problem.

Myopia Treatment:

Myopia is not a rare disorder of the eye. People living with myopia have several options of its treatment. It can be rectified or corrected with the help of spectacles and contact lenses. It can also be corrected by refractive surgery. The kind of treatment to be chosen depends upon the degree of your myopia. You will be asked to wear lenses or spectacles for a prescribed amount of time, depending upon the degree of your disorder.

If you are suffering from myopia, the doctor will prescribe you to wear spectacles or lenses of a certain power that will be preceded by a minus (-) sign.

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She have fever, severe headache, abdominal pain from 5 days blood test TC-25500 ESR-65 and what diet she should take.

Dr. Tanmay Palsule 90% (42 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Pimpri-Chinchwad
She have fever, severe headache, abdominal pain from 5 days blood test
and what diet she should take.
This seems like a acute exacerbation of a chronic condition. What she need is medication. Diet doesn't play a very important role in such situations. Considering the fact that she has abdominal pain give her home cooked simple meals. Avoid raw and undercooked food.
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Day by day hair loss is getting more. As im student and hostler recently also affected with motions, vomiting, and here in hostel they sometimes use palm oil, quality less water and also water is tasting hard. So how can I overcome with these motions, vomiting, headache, stomach pain, and due to this menstrual cycle became irregular.

Dr. Ankush Goyal 90% (10 ratings)
General Physician, Delhi
Day by day hair loss is getting more. As im student and hostler recently also affected with motions, vomiting, and he...
Dear lybrate-user, Use boiled water for drinking. And for above problems please visit a doctor he will examine you and will prescribe you medicines.
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Hi, my brother is suffering half headache last 3 yrs. And left eye and ear also ache .what I do kindly suggest me.

Dr. Ram Arora 90% (183 ratings)
MD- Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Ujjain
Hi, my brother is suffering half headache last 3 yrs. And left eye and ear also ache .what I do kindly suggest me.
Dear lybrate-user Ji, Your brother Ashfaq ji suffering is from “Trigeminal neuralgia”. Give him 1. VISTINDUK BATI 2-2-2 + Cap Sallaki plus 2-2-2 thrice a day with milk 2. ABRAK BHASM 250 mg+ GODANTI BHASM 500 mg thrice a day with honey, 3. DASHMULA RIST 30-30 ml with equal quantity of water twice a day after meals. 4. ANU TAIL 4-4 drops in both nostrils (as nasal drops) twice a day at morning & at bed time. Continue this for three months, he will get relief sure. If any confusion, please consult me privately.
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I am suffering from pain in my head last 2 week and I am not concentrate my reading.

Dr. Nash Kamdin 93% (2047 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
I am suffering from pain in my head last 2 week and I am not concentrate my reading.
Dear lybrateuser, - Your headache could be due to weakness, stress, vision problem or improper sleep - have a well balanced diet with more of fruits & vegetables, do not skip meals, have healthy snacks like a fruit, nuts, yogurt in between meals - have 7-8 glasses of water per day for sufficient hydration - do regular exercise, yoga, deep breathing, play games to destress, also sleep well for at least 7-8 hrs at night to keep fresh & alert the next day - get your vision checked, read in proper light - take a pain relief tablet after meals if pain is more.
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Expired Medicines - What to Check Before Throwing Them Away?

Dr. Atindra Nath Bagchi 87% (1339 ratings)
Diploma in Cardiology
General Physician, Kolkata
Expired Medicines - What to Check Before Throwing Them Away?

When it comes to health, there is no taking a chance. Most of us are in the habit of storing some medicines at home, which could come in handy, say for a headache or an acidity attack. However, these often remain in the medicine kit for a long time before they are actually used. So, finally when the day arrives when there is an actual need for it, we are not sure if it is still usable. The one thing we dread is the use of a medicine, which is past its expiry date.

What if there is an adverse event? What if there is a complication or a side effect?
Then, if we are not in a position to get a fresh pill, we would rather endure the pain or acidity than pop that outdated pill. Is it really prudent to do so? I say otherwise. Most medicines have the expiry date to indicate the date or time, until when the drug would have the most potency and efficacy. Meaning to say, the drug may become weak (take longer to act or may require more of the drug to produce the same effect) when taken after the listed expiry date.

The truth is that most pharma companies list a date, which could be months, if not years, ahead of the actual expiry date. In reality, a drug never really expires. Most medicines can be used up to a few months after this date. Some medicines may even be useful after years of their expiry date.

It depends as to what the medicine is for:

  1. Painkillers are usually harmless to take beyond the expiry date. If there is no effect (even prolonged), then try to get a fresh one.
  2. Chronic medications like anti-hypertensives and anti-diabetic medications can be used up to a few months at the most, not beyond. Make sure to monitor readings to check for the efficacy. Often times, a greater dose may be required to get the desired effect, but this should not be done without medical supervision.
  3. Biologic products like EpiPen, eye drops or injectable substances should not be used, if they are cloudy. In fact, most of these should be kept for a very short period after opening.
  4. With any expired medicine, keep your doctor posted, especially your chronic meds to seek further advice and information.

The place and the way the drug is stored also may help in retaining its strength. A drug stored in the fridge is safer than something stashed away in a cupboard with a lot of other things. Keep these in mind, and take a call! If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

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6 Pregnancy Complications To Watch Out For!

Dr. Rahul Manchanda 88% (56 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
6 Pregnancy Complications To Watch Out For!

Pregnancy is considered to be one of the most challenging and important phases in the life of a woman.

Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother’s health, the baby’s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy.

Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below:

  1. Severe Nausea and Vomiting: It is common for nausea and vomiting to occur during a pregnancy. In order to avoid this condition, one should consume several small meals throughout the day and completely avoid spicy and fatty foods.
  2. A persistent abdominal pain, severe headache, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester: This can be a fatal condition and often is a sign of high blood preeclampsia (pregnancy complication involving high blood pressure as well as damage to another organ system). It can be diagnosed early using good prenatal care which essentially comprises of frequent check-ups with the doctor and all the necessary treatment during pregnancy.
  3. Flu Symptoms: It is recommended that flu vaccine should be administered to pregnant women as they usually tend to develop the disease during their pregnancy.
  4. Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can increase the chance of a larger baby at birth and create delivery complications, increase your risk for high blood pressure and cause the baby to have blood sugar problems after birth. If you are diagnosed, it’s important to consult your gynecologist to control your blood sugar level, which can often be done through diet and exercise.
  5. Baby’s activity level significantly declines: Sometimes, the activity of a previously active baby might decline. This can be felt by reducing the number of the kicks by the baby. The doctor has specific equipment that aids in identifying and resolving the problem.
  6. Bleeding: Heavy bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain and menstrual-type cramps during the first trimester might indicate an ectopic pregnancy (embryo is implanted outside one’s uterus) or a miscarriage while occurrence in the third semester indicates placental abruption (characterized by the placenta separating from the womb’s walls). Any form of bleeding warrants the immediate attention of the doctor. Steps to avoid bleeding include bed rest, avoiding heavy work, and keeping yourself hydrated.

A Healthy Pregnancy-

The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don’t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with a healthcare provider when you have concerns.

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Hernia - When Should You Go for Surgery? 

Dr. B N Shukla 86% (20 ratings)
Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship in Bariatric Surgery, M.S.
Bariatrician, Lucknow
Hernia - When Should You Go for Surgery? 

A Hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue pushes through a weak opening in the muscle that holds it in place. Hernias are common in the abdomen, but can also develop in the upper thigh, belly button and the genitals. 

The common types of hernia are the ones that occur in the groin viz (inguinal, femoral, obturator) around the belly button (umbilical), incisional (after a previous surgery) and hiatal (causes acid reflux) and are caused by muscle weakness. This weakness or increase in pressure in the abdomen can be triggered by lifting heavy objects without stabilizing abdominal muscles, diarrhea or constipation and chronic coughing (smokers and asthmatics) or straining to pass urine. 

How can you treat hernia?

As hernia is a mechanical defect in the abdominal wall, the only definitive treatment is surgical repair of the defect. The type of surgery required depends on the size of hernia and the severity of its symptoms. The defect may be repaired with stitches but the best option with least recurrence is to use a mesh. The Hernias that are small and don't cause discomfort can be observed and managed conservatively with regular follow up with the surgeon. All hernias have the risk of intestines getting trapped and strangulation. 

Lifestyle Changes 

Avoiding heavy meals, not bending over immediately after a meal and managing your body weight can reduce the incidence of hernias. Also, you should avoid foods causing heartburn and quit smoking. If these dietary changes do not relieve your discomfort, you may need surgery to treat hernia. 


Prescription medication, given by your doctor that reduces stomach acid can relieve your soreness and improve the symptoms.

So when do you need surgery?

If your hernia is gradually growing in size, looks unsightly and is causing pain, you should seek help and the doctor may advice you to effectively treat it through surgery. But with a hernia, there is always a risk of bowel obstruction and strangulation which may need an emergency operation. 

A hernia can be repaired using two different surgical methods - open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. In case of an open surgery, an incision is made in the skin near the bulging area. It requires a longer recovery process. Laparoscopic surgery uses a camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair hernia by making three small incisions in the abdomen. This method is less damaging to the surrounding tissue and has a much shorter recovery time. 

Almost all of the hernias can be treated Laparoscopically, but as many surgeons are not well trained in Lapsroscopic hernia repair they do not recommend the procedure. So it's imperative you seek out a good minimally invasive surgical specialist. 

Is there an alternative to surgery? 

There is no other treatment apart from surgery for a hernia (imagine you have a hole in a cloth, the only way to repair it is with a thread (or a patch). 

Exercising regularly, losing weight or taking medications will not eliminate a hernia. Some patients feel that wearing a hernia belt will help ease the discomfort, but it will not help your hernia go away. It will only provide temporary relief. Only surgery provides a permanent and effective solution.

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