The hand is one of the most commonly used parts of our body and is susceptible to damage, wear and tear as well as injury. Pain in the hand can be attributed to numerous causes, including damage and other conditions that can affect the joints, cartilage, nerves and other parts of the hand.
De Quervain's tendinitis: This is also known as de Quervain's tendinosis. It causes pain on the thumb side of the wrist. The pain may grow slowly or suddenly. It can also spread to every part of the thumb and up the lower arm. On the off chance that you have de Quervain's tendinitis, you may experience pain while performing the following actions:
Treatment for this includes the following:
Carpal tunnel disorder: This is common amongst the well-known nerve issues. It can cause pain in the following parts of the hand:
The treatment methods include the following:
Fracture: It's a crack or breaks in a bone that can cause immense pain in the hand. Other than this, the hand may also experience the following:
The kind of treatment depends on the kind of fracture. Braces are usually used for small fractures. Sticks, wires, or plates might be used to treat severe fractures. Likewise, surgery may also be recommended to set the broken bone properly.
Arthritis: This is a disease-causing joint inflammation and stiffness of the joints. It causes the joints to lose the ligament that permits them to move easily against each other. This tears the ligament, giving rise to crippling pain and swelling.
In the hand, the regions where this regularly happens are as follows:
The treatment depends on the seriousness of the injury and the following may be used:
Trigger finger: Also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, this defect causes the fingers or the thumb to bend. It can be difficult, particularly when bowing or fixing the influenced finger or thumb.
Knobs may form on the influenced ligaments. Also, the sheath itself may thicken. In the long run, the ligament may get to adhere when you attempt to fix a twisted finger or thumb.
Resting now and again while wearing support may help resolve the issue. Over-the-counter torment pharmaceuticals can facilitate the agony. Corticosteroid infusions can mitigate side effects. Surgery might be recommended for extreme cases.
A hand fracture is a condition characterized by discontinuity in the alignment of bones of the hand. The bones in the hand include the bones that are present in the wrist, palm and fingers. A fracture of the hand tends to occur commonly due to a fall on the outstretched hand. It may also be caused by injuries related to sports and falls.
Swelling and pain are the most common symptoms of fracture. The range of motion for the affected hand will be reduced as well. The knuckle bone may appear to have been sunken in due to swelling in case of fracture in the palm bones (metacarpal bones). Most obviously, it will be difficult in carrying out regular tasks like squeezing or gripping which need the hands.
The initial treatment for a hand fracture will be focused on reducing the pain. Pain relieving medications such as ibuprofen will be administered which provides relief from the pain. The next step will be to keep the affected hand immobilized to enhance the healing process. Once stability is restored, therapeutically relevant exercises are prescribed to help normalize the regular hand movements and hand functions.
The following exercises are relevant in case of a hand fracture:
1. Wringing a towel: This is an exercise wherein you wring a towel to improve flexibility and strength in the hand. Simply grab a towel and twist it in both directions; imagine wringing water from the towel.
2. Rolls of the wrist: Wrist rolls aim to increase the ROM (range of motion) in your wrists and the hands. Hold the hand steady and rotate your wrists both clockwise and anticlockwise. You can also hold a lightweight in your hand to make it more challenging.
3. Prayer stretch: A prayer stretch is another exercise that can help boost your wrist flexibility. You start by positioning the palms together like in prayer, then hold up the elbows while pushing the hands against each other. You should feel a stretch in your wrists and hands.
4. Grasping: This is a technique wherein you grasp objects to improve your grip strength. Try gripping objects such as a tennis ball or stress balls to get your gripping ability up to normal levels.
Caution: If pain or swelling appears, stop the exercises immediately. Consult a physiotherapist for advice specific to your condition.