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Hand Doctor Tips

Care of hands and feet

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Chennai
Care of hands and feet
1. Use proper fitting footwear with soft soles to avoid hardening of skin at pressure points.
2. Regularly use moisturiser/coconut oil over hands and feet at bedtime to keep the hands and feet soft and supple.
3. Weekly soaking the feet in lukewarm water for 20 min and pat dry and apply moisturizer/coconut oil at night would keep feet softer. In diabetics, please use plain tap water or lukewarm water temperature should be checked by someone else to ascertain the water temperature is just warm and not hot as some diabetics may have reduced sensations.

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138 people found this helpful

Why Your Antibacterial Hand Wash May Be More Dangerous than Soap

MBBS, MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Gurgaon
Why Your Antibacterial Hand Wash May Be More Dangerous than Soap

We are bombarded with advertisements of how 'good mothers' never fail to have their children use antibacterial soap as a habit. But does it really work? There have been several reports of potentially harmful ingredients being used in these antibacterial soaps and yet their sale continues unhindered. Let's dive in to get the dope behind these soaps.

What are antibacterial soaps?

A drug called 'triclosan' was originally used strictly in hospital environments. In the 1990s the commercial manufacture of antibacterial soaps started with this ingredient in its center and fear mongering and advertisements pushed this into a whooping $1 billion industry. There is murky data on the FDA approval on triclosan usage and guidelines which are leaving us only with information the manufacturers propagate about it. But with enough information out there on the internet, should you wait for manufacturers to prove its effectiveness or make a judgment call? Here are a few facts to help:

1. It is as effective as conventional soap: There are countless studies and researches done in the last four decades that proves that antibacterial soaps are not more effective than regular soaps and the added triclosan doesn't proved any special health benefits. These tests measure the amount of bacteria in one's hand before and after usage. But the real question is do antibacterial soaps reduce infection rates and the answer to that question is yet to be proven.

2. It has the potential to create antibiotic-resistant bacteria: The main benefit of using these products is its bacteria resistant formula. With frequent usage, some bacteria gain resistance to the chemicals. Eventually, while the soap kills off regular bacteria, the resistant bacteria can spiral into a local or global threat.

3. It can disrupt endocrine functions: Triclosan closely resembles the thyroid hormone and can bid to its receptor sites. This can lead to many problems like infertility, artificially-advanced early puberty, obesity, and cancer. This problem has been found during animal testing and yet not proven for humans. With so much threat on the loose, would it matter how effective or ineffective the antibacterial soap is against bacteria?

4. It can lead to problems in children: At a growing age, children are developing their immune system and natural resistance to diseases. Prolonged exposure to antibacterial soap can result in reduced exposure to bacteria which prevention the proper development of the child's immune system.

5. It is bad for the environment too: The more triclosan we use, the more gets flushed down the drain. The problem arises because triclosan isn't fully treated at sewage treatment plans and enters water bodies where it disrupts algae's ability to perform photosynthesis. The spin ball effect reaches all sea animals and plants and eventually comes back to attack us in ways we are yet to find out.

The solution to this problem is to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that is effective on both bacteria and viruses. If you are wondering how you can add bacteria resistance to your family without any added harm, consult a doctor today.

Tip: 3 Ways to Improve Lung Capacity?

5440 people found this helpful

Symptoms and Treatment of Hand Pain - An Insight!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Hand Surgery Fellowship
Orthopedist, Delhi
Symptoms and Treatment of Hand Pain - An Insight!

Hand pain is a problem that may stem from injury or disease which may affect any structure of the hand such as the bones, muscles, joints, tendons and blood vessels. It is one of the manifestations of joint inflammation and may be caused by repetitive motion injuries and carpal tunnel syndrome and can cause pain in the hand and wrist.

What are the symptoms of hand pain?
As mentioned earlier, hand pain may affect any part of the hand including wrist, middle knuckles of the fingers, fingertips and basilar joints connecting the thumb and wrist. If you have osteoarthritis, the cartilage in between the joints starts wearing down and leads to the collision of bones.

The symptoms of hand pain may include an ache which worsens when the affected hand is used. It may also lead to stiffness of the joints, difficulty in moving the fingers, swelling along with tenderness in the knuckles and wrist.

Heberden nodes may also be affected in some people suffering from hand pain. It is important to note here that a bone spur is a hardened area of the bone which attaches the bone to the joint. The spurs present in the hands are called Heberden nodes. It consists of hard, round and swollen areas which develop in the joint near the fingertips. This condition is permanent which makes the fingers appear misshapen. People who have arthritis of joints can also suffer from bony nodes known as Bouchard’s nodes.

Who are at a higher risk of having hand pain?
People with a family history of joint disorders are likely to have hand pain. It may also affect those who perform a job which demands an excessive use of hands such as manufacturing any product. The more one uses his or her hands, the more wear and tear take place on the joints and cartilage of the hands. Females are at a higher risk of developing hand pain stemming from arthritis.

How to treat hand pain?
There are many medicinal choices to treat hand arthritis. One may tackle hand arthritis with the help of pain relieving medicines, steroid injections and exercises. In case these treatments fail to offer some relief, surgery can be the most suitable way of treating this problem. Your doctor will be able to advise in this regard.

Some home treatments can help in reducing the pain as well as the disability of the hand. An easy and non-invasive method of treatment is to keep the hands as flexible as you can while improving the range of motion gradually. Your doctor may also recommend some muscle strengthening exercise that can support the structure of the hand. With regular practice, you will be able to perform your daily tasks with lesser discomfort.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Extreme Pain In The Hand - Can It Be A Sign Of Wrist Fracture?

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Varanasi
Extreme Pain In The Hand - Can It Be A Sign Of Wrist Fracture?

The medical term used to describe a broken wrist is wrist fracture. The fracture might be in the 10 bones, which make up the wrist or in the radius. Some fractures can be serious while others may be tiny. The serious fractures make the bone unstable and these might require surgeries to cure. Open fracture is when the bone breaks and it breaks through the skin. This might cause an infection to the wounded area.

The most basic cause of a wrist fracture is injury. Any fall on your outstretched hand and you might have to nurse a fractured wrist. This type of fracture is common among sportsmen. If you are suffering from osteoporosis, then you have a high risk of getting a wrist fracture. Traumatic accidents may also cause severe wrist fractures.

The symptoms of a wrist fracture can be extremely painful. The pain escalates whenever you try to move your wrist or flex it, even if you are just flexing your fingers. Sometimes your hand or arm may even become extremely numb when you fracture the wrist. The muscles in the area become tender and swell up. It is almost impossible to move the wrist after it gets fractured. The fracture causes the wrist or rather the hand to appear deformed. The area around the fracture might even get bruise and a fractured wrist also affects the blood flow in the area. You might even injure your ligaments, tendons, muscles or nerves.

To confirm and check the level of severity, you are generally asked to get an X-ray done. In order to get a more detailed look at the fracture, you might have to undergo CT or MRI scans as well. Usually to treat a fracture, you will have to wear a splint and move your hand as least as possible. But keep moving you're your fingers otherwise they might get stiff. Your doctor will inform you from when you will be able to move your wrist. Until then try to keep your movements to the minimal. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2335 people found this helpful

Hand Fracture in Elders - Tips to Recover Faster!

M. Ch. (Ortho), DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Hand Fracture in Elders - Tips to Recover Faster!

The wrist is one of the most common areas that can go through a fracture or an injury. This is especially true for patients over the age of 65 years. There are many kinds of fractures, including simple or closed fractures, as well as compound or open fractures and comminuted or greenstick fractures. Hairline fractures are considered as the most common kind of fracture, and can be easily detected in an x-Ray. While it is easy for children to recover from a fracture, it is that much more difficult for the elderly to recover from one.

Read on to know the various ways in which the elderly can recover from a hand fracture.

  1. Time and trauma: Usually, an adult will take six to eight weeks to recover from a fracture completely. Children take almost half the time to recover as their bones are more tender and willing to fuse back together in lesser time, which is not always possible for more mature bones. Also, the elderly experience more trauma when it comes to a fracture and broken bones. Further, these individuals are already a part of a high risk group when it comes to such fractures due to problems with vision, gait and even the bone density.
  2. Physiotherapy: This is one of the most important parts of the treatment that elderly people have to follow after a hand fracture. This can help them in restoring normal mobility in the hand and wrist eventually, with regular practice. Physiotherapy must be practiced under the guidance of a trained expert, and thereafter, the exercises can be continued at home on a regular basis. These exercises will help in restoring the strength of the hand as well as the wrist.
  3. Changes in the hand: The knuckles and wrists may look different after a fracture. This depends on the kind of injury and fracture that has been sustained by the patient. The different types of hand fractures can occur on the knuckles or right below them, in the shaft of the main bone, at the base of the bone, on the wrist, and also with a dislocation of the bone and wrist. These kinds of changes should be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon who can help by inserting pins and braces to repair the fracture and bring the hand back to normal.
  4. Medication and self care: It is important to keep your hand above the heart level at all times during the recovery process. Also, an ice pack can help in stemming the pain. Further, you can wear a splint and take pain relief medication as prescribed by your doctor, in keeping with any other ailments you may be suffering from.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2954 people found this helpful

Pain & Tenderness In The Hand Bones - Know The Reasons Behind!

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Pain & Tenderness In The Hand Bones - Know The Reasons Behind!

Are you experiencing pain and tenderness in your hand bones? Hand pain can occur due to several causes that may include diseases and injuries. Most of the causes of pain in the hand bones are treatable, and the symptoms can be eased. The most common conditions that cause pain and tenderness in your hand bones include the following:

De Quervain’s tendinitis

  1. This condition causes pain on your wrist on the side of your thumb. The pain develops gradually or suddenly and may travel the length of your thumb and forearm.
  2. Movements such as making a fist, turning the wrist, and holding objects may be painful.
  3. The pain occurs because of swelling of your wrist tendons that are present at the base of your thumb. This happens on the account of inflammation and irritation.
  4. Overuse and repetitive activities lead to this condition.
  5. New mothers are at a higher risk of getting this condition because of the position in which they have to hold their babies, and due to fluctuating hormone levels.
  6. Wrist fracture increases the chances of D e Quervain’s tendinitis.


  1. Arthritis is a very common condition that is associated with hand pain or pain in the hand bones.
  2. It causes your joints to lose the cartilage, slowing them to move against each other slowly.
  3. The deterioration of the cartilage causes pain and swellings.
  4. The areas in your hand that get affected by this condition include the base of your thumb, end joint located near your fingertip, and the middle joint of your fingers.
  5. The most common form of arthritis is known as osteoarthritis, which leads to the progressive degeneration of the cartilage. It occurs because of ageing, and because of injuries such as dislocation and fractures. It causes swelling, stiffness, and swelling in your hands.
  6. Another form of arthritis that affects your hand bones is called rheumatoid arthritis. This is an autoimmune disease in which the cells lining your joints get attacked by mistake by your own immune system. It leads to stiff, swollen, and painful joints. Hand pain associated with this condition is aching and throbbing in nature. The pain worsens in the morning and after a period of being immobile.

A Ganglion

  1. This is a fluid-filled swelling which develops around a tendon or joint. A ganglion resembles a soft and smooth lump.
  2. It is made of synovial fluid which surrounds your tendons and joints for lubrication during movement.
  3. These are most likely to occur in your wrists, fingers, and hands.
  4. It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing hand pain of any form, and at any location on the hands. This will allow proper diagnosis so that you can follow specific treatment measures.
4957 people found this helpful

How Looks and Health Go Hand in Hand?

Dermatologist, Delhi
How Looks and Health Go Hand in Hand?

In today’s technology savvy and jet speed lifestyle, stress and tensions become part of our lives. However, you cannot afford to reflect all that stress on neither your looks nor your health.  The world has become very materialistic and judgmental to comment about you just based on your looks. So it becomes important to maintain good looks and personality to maintain a good public image. In addition, your looks, personality and health are the key factors that let you keep in pace with your career, your family, your friends and other relationships.

However, when we talk about looks we cannot miss on the topic of health as they both go hand in hand. They are a kind of relationship, which has to be mutual. You cannot have either one of it alone. Because on one hand looks represent your outer persona the health takes over for your inner persona and if you are not healthy you do not look good and looking good without being healthy is also meaningless.

So both these things are inter related and inter dependent. Having good looks along with being healthy is important and for that, one has to be taking regular and diligent efforts. There is no short cut to looks and health and even if ones opt for taking the short cut then there should be preparation in the background to face problems in the long run.

What is the point of looking shortly beautiful and then regretting those moments for the rest of your life? So better, go for a plan take may take time to show results but those results to have long run benefits.

However, when we talk about looks we cannot miss on the topic of health as they both go hand in hand.

If you wish to look good by looking slim and trim and for that you go on fasts and start eating only protein products or if you opt for weight reducing pills then you my friend are ruining and exploiting your body.

Trying to reduce weight is good but the method for it matters even more. The basic things you need to do is cut down on oil, spices, foods with high calories and sugar.

Another thing that needs to be taken care of is a balanced and regular meal. You should have a meal with proper amount of carbohydrate, proteins, fats and vitamins and all these meals should be taken at proper intervals.

All you need is some more care and love for your looks as well as health.

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Health in our Hand

Acupuncturist, Chennai
Health in our Hand
If you give medium pressure daily in all the points in the palm of the hand for 2-3 minutes, you will enjoy disease free life.

15 people found this helpful

Hand wash

MD - Microbiology, MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Hand wash
Handwash every time before you have a meal or after touching unclean items is the greatest way of keeping free of infection.
84 people found this helpful

Dibetic Hand

General Physician, Bangalore
Dibetic Hand

Diabetic hand syndrome or finger joint pain in diabetic patients:

Finger joint pain in diabetic patients is also known as diabetic hand syndrome people suffering with type 1 diabetes are at risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is the condition where your bone density decreases day by day making you stoop, abnormal body posture, bone pain and risk of fracture even with minor injury. You can prevent this by taking proper healthy food rich in calcium and vitamin d, doing weight bearing exercise and walking to strengthen the bones and joints.

Obesity and damage to the blood vessels and nerves due to abnormal blood sugar causes bones and joint disorder in diabetic patients.

Diabetic arthropathy or charcot joint is the common joint disorder caused to nerve damage in diabetic patients.

Signs and symptoms of diabetic arthropathy are:

  • Swelling around the finger jointsyour joints may lose its normal shapeloss of sensation around the affected jointsabnormal sensation like tingling or pricking sensationunable to bear weight
  • Timely diagnosis and intervention can definitely prevent further progression.
  • Diabetic hand syndrome is a condition in which the skin over the hands become waxy and thick. It also causes the restriction in the joint movements of the hand. This is usually seen in persons with very long standing and untreated diabetes. It is uncommon among general population and exact cause is also not known yet.
  • Physiotherapy will definitely improve the condition and prevent further progression.
  • Osteoarthritis - individual suffering with type 2 diabetes and obesity are more prone to osteoarthritis. In this the cartilage inside the joint between the bones is degenerated.

Signs and symptoms are:

  • Pain in the affected jointslimited joint movements or stiffnessreduced flexibilityswellingweight loss, exercise, proper medication, physiotherapy, oil massage and vasti will improve the condition.
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Majority of people suffering with diabetes have high chance of getting frozen shoulder.
  • Signs and symptoms
  • Pain and tenderness over the shoulder regionunable to lift the hand over headdecreased range of shoulder movements.

Physiotherapy plays a very important role in management of frozen shoulder. In ayurvedic rasna saptaka kashayam and trayodashanga guggulu are very effective. External treatments like patra pinda sveda, kukkutanda sveda will drastically reduce the pain.

Forestier disease - It is commonly known as dish - diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Usually spine is mostly affected. There will be hardening and thickening of tendons and ligaments around the joints along with extra growth of bone.

Symptoms are pain and restricted movement. Advanced stage may require surgical intervention.

Dupuytren deformity - It is a condition characterised by pain, contracture of fingers and you will be unable to straighten the affected fingers. It is caused due to thickening of tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues in the palm. It is usually seen in persons with diabetes for very long period.

External treatments like abhyanga, sevda along with physiotherapy will reduce the symptoms.

type diabetes
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