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Growth Hormone Deficiency Health Feed

Should Parents Worry If Their Kid Is Short?

Should Parents Worry If Their Kid Is Short?

Out of the many things a parent can be worried about their child, physical growth and development are the major ones. Height development is indeed a very crucial part of the overall development of a child's body. But how will you know whether your child is short and should you worry if he or she is short?

When is a child categorised as being short?
A child is said to be of short stature when the height is two standard deviations less than the mean height for the specific age and sex. However, it does not signify that your child is sick or has some deformity.

What are the causes of being short?
The most common reasons that need not be worried about are:

  1. Ancestry: Your child short height could be result genetics. If his/her parents belong from a short family stature, then, the child is most likely to follow the same. Being said that, their body performs in a normal way and they do not face any medical issue despite being short.
  2. Delay in Growth: In case a child faces a severe growth delay between the age of 6 months and up to 2 years, then it may lead to him/her staying short. Such children usually grow at a much slower pace, compared to other children of the same age without any development issues. However, no medical treatment is required as the child usually catches up with the height of their friends of the same age, once they become adults.

What are the medical Conditions behind the short stature?
For children who show an excessive delay in growth, doctors can find out whether they are going through any serious medical condition that needs attention or not. Some of the medical conditions which can cause short height are:

  1. Malnutrition: For those who do not receive proper nutrition on a daily basis, tend to face physical health issues.
  2. Chronic Illness: Any congenital disease or something that affects the major organs of one's body might slow down the height growth.
  3. GHD: Growth Hormone Deficiency is a common condition in children. When the pituitary gland does not produce enough hormones, such a condition occurs.
  4. Stress: When a child faces stress from a very little age, often he or she becomes mentally and physically hampered.
  5. Genetic Problems: A condition known as Turner’s syndrome can cause growth failure in a girl child.
  6. Hormonal Imbalance: For those who suffer from improper production of hormones, they might face obstruction in case of height growth.
  7. Endocrine diseases: Endocrine diseases disrupt hormone production thus resulting in a delay in growth.

For every 100 children of a particular age, 3 tend to be shorter. However, unless your child suffers from a medical problem, short stature is not to be worried, and it is recommended that they have proper and balanced nutrition to ensure proper height development.

Hello, I am a 19-year-old boy and my height is 5'3" my body structure also appears to be like that of boys of lesser age. I'm I eligible for growth hormone treatment and should I go for it?

Hello, I am a 19-year-old boy and my height is 5'3" my body structure also appears to be like that of boys of lesser ...
No it is not effectiv now. The height cannot be increased after certain age. And growth hormones have many dangerous effects.
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I am 20 years old but not able to get good growth in my body. I am I boy and I do not have the beard and I eat too much but I thin.

I am 20 years old but not able to get good growth in my body. I am I boy and I do not have the beard and I eat too mu...
Hello Jai sahni ! Include protein rich foods which include pulses, milk and milk products, eggs and chicken, should have fibre rich foods which help you to pass smooth bowels.Protein rich foods will help you gain muscle mass.Have 5 pieces of any dry fruit once a day daily.Have fruits and vegetables in good quantity.Do 30 minutes exercise daily. Thank you
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Is growth hormone injection treatment effective at age of 19 for male? I am 5 feet 8 inch. And where can I take this treatment?

Is growth hormone injection treatment effective at age of 19 for male? I am 5 feet 8 inch. And where can I take this ...
No it is not and it gives life long side effects. Don't even try. It is not possible to increase height at this age if it has stopped.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Growth Hormone Deficiency?

What Are The Symptoms Of Growth Hormone Deficiency?

Growth hormone, or somatropin, is responsible for cell growth as well as reproduction. But insufficient somatropin production by the pituitary gland may result in lack in height. It is mostly caused by a serious brain injury, any prevalent medical condition or might occur as a birth defect.

Types-
1. Congenital GHD-
This form of GHD appears from at the time of birth itself.
2. Acquired GHD- GHD can be acquired during later life as a result of trauma, infection, tumor growth within the brain or radiation therapy.
3. Idiopathic GHD- Idiopathic GHD is the third, and comparatively worst kind of GHD since it has no treatment.
GHD is mostly permanent, but can also be transient.

Read on to know how to detect whether you or your child is suffering from growth hormone deficiency (GHD).
Symptoms- 

        Childhood onset-

  • Restricted height- Compared to other children of your child's age, he/she maybe of shorter height, which is a rather conclusive sign to detect somatropin deficiency.
  • Chubby and comparatively younger appearance- Your child may have a proportionate body, but if he/she is unnaturally chubby and has a baby-face compared to other children, he/she may be suffering from GHD.
  • Late puberty- Your child's puberty maybe later than usual or even not appear at all, depending upon the gravity of the GHD.
  • Hypoglycemia and exaggerated jaundice- Low blood sugar is amongst the most primary manifestations of GHD, along with extended duration of jaundice.
  • Micro-penis- Micro penis condition is one of the incident signs of GHD, which later escalates to growth deficit as the infant gets older.

Adult onset-

  • Fatigue- Adults with GHD may experience extreme tiredness throughout the day, with reduced muscle strength.
  • Osteoporosis- Osteoporosis, along with bodily deformities, is a common sign in adults with GHD.
  • Lipid abnormalities- A test of your lipid profile may reveal abnormalities in LDL cholesterol, insulin resistance, and impaired cardiac functions.

Tests to determine GHD-

  • Physical test- A chart is drawn to determine the proportion of height and weight with respect to your age to detect anomalies.
  • Hand X-ray- A hand X-ray can determine whether the age of bones are at par with your age.
  • MRIMRI scan can determine the health of your brain and pituitary gland.
  • Test for other hormones- Growth Hormone may not be solely responsible for your health condition, so it is important to determine if other hormone levels are all normal.

Treatment-

1. Hormone supplements- Hormone supplements like corticothyroids (hydrocortisone or prednisone), Levothyroxine (levoxyl, synthroid, etc), and others work to replenish the deficiency of pituitary hormones.
2. Growth hormone injection- GH is injected beneath your skin, to cure GDH. This is a long-term treatment and requires constant monitoring.

4571 people found this helpful

I am 16 years old and my growth had stopped when I was twelve. How do I renew my growth? Please help and I hope you people are specialists and will understand my situation.

I am 16 years old and my growth had stopped when I was twelve. How do I renew my growth? Please help and I hope you p...
Banslochan Avleh 10 Gm Twice a Day Relief In 5-6 Days and for Complete Cure Take it for 60 Days Only Avoid Oily and Spicy Food
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Growth Hormone Deficiency - Ways To Treat It!

Growth Hormone Deficiency - Ways To Treat It!

The body produces a number of chemicals called hormones which are essential for the regulation of various functions including growth and metabolism. These hormones are produced by endocrine glands which are located in various parts of the body. One such important gland is the pituitary gland which produces the important growth hormone. This is essential for regulating optimal growth during the growing years and for maintaining proper amounts of body fat, muscles, and bones in the later years of life.

Causes

  • Deficiency of the growth hormones can occur due to a number of causes, some of which are listed below. It can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired later in life.
  • The congenital issue could be due to problem in the pituitary gland structure, leading to complete absence or reduced secretion of the hormone.
  • With age, there is a decrease in the amount of secretion. However, infections, injuries, brain tumors, surgery and radiation can also lead to altered amounts of secretion.

Symptoms

While growth hormone deficiency can occur at any age, symptoms differ depending on the age when the deficiency sets in , in the early stages:

  • Lower rate of growth for a given age
  • Delayed developmental milestones
  • Delayed onset of puberty
  • Short stature/reduced height
  • Younger looking compared to other children their age
  • Fat deposition around the waist
  • Delayed dental development

When the deficiency sets in during the later years, one can notice the below:

  • Low energy levels, constant tiredness
  • Decreased strength
  • Decreased exercise tolerance
  • Decreased overall muscle mass
  • Thin and dry skin
  • Increased fat deposition and weight gain around the waist
  • Changes in social behavior including alternate cycles of anxiety and depression
  • Lack of motivation
  • History of pituitary tumors
  • High levels of fat and cholesterol

The diagnosis depends on the age of the person

  • Blood tests are carried out to check the hormone levels in circulation
  • In children, in addition to the hormone levels, x-rays to see the status of growth plates is very helpful.
  • An insulin hypoglycemia test where insulin is given intravenously to see the levels of the growth hormone after 30 minutes.
  • Total cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and triglyceride levels can be used to supplement the above tests.
  • CT scan and/or MRI of the brain may be needed if tumors are suspected.

Treatment

  • Once diagnosed, replacement therapy is given as shots a few times a week under the skin. This restores normal growth and helps in controlling the symptoms in adults too.
  • In cases of tumor, radiation or surgery may be required, but most cases are managed with hormone replacement.
  • Watch out for the symptoms if your child has delayed developmental milestones and early intervention can help restore growth and function to normal levels.
3810 people found this helpful

Obesity - A Leading Cause Of Death Worldwide!

Obesity - A Leading Cause Of Death Worldwide!

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess accumulation of body fat creates an adverse effect on health. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. In 2015, 600 million adults and 100 million children were obese. Obesity is more common in women than men.It is defined by body mass index (BMI) and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist-hip ratio (WHR) and total cardiovascular risk factors. Body mass index is closely related to both percentage body fat and total body fat.

It is defined as the subject's weight divided by the square of their height and is calculated as follows:

BMI = m/h2(Where m and h are the subject's weight and height, respectively)Waist-hip ratio is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. This ratio is calculated as waist measurement divided by hip measurement (W ÷ H)The WHR has been used as an indicator or measure of health and the risk of developing serious health conditions.

The BMR of the body is classified into the following types:

BMI (kg/m2)   Classification up to 18.5 Underweight18.5–25.0 Normal weight25.0–30.0
Overweight 30.0–35.0 Class I obesity 35.0–40.0

Class II obesity  

40.0 and above

Class III obesity

Causes-

Conservative management

  1. Diet: Limit energy intake from total fats and sugars and increase consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts.
  2. Eat consistently: Resist the urge to overeat. Your food intake should follow a regular routine. Overeating not only upsets your routine but also impacts your metabolism.
  3. Breakfast: Never miss your breakfast. Breakfast is a crucial meal; it also helps stave off hunger later on in the day, which often leads to overeating and snacking.
  4. Monitor yourself: Keep a close check on what you eat and regularly weigh yourself.
  5. Physical activity: Perform at least 200 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise each week. This schedule should be spread out over at least 3 days.
  6. Watching TV:  Limit watching TV to no more than 10 hours each week.

Surgical management

The surgical management of obesity involves the following two procedures:

  • Restrictive procedures
  • Malabsorptive procedures
7627 people found this helpful

All About Growth Hormone Deficiency

All About Growth Hormone Deficiency

Growth hormone, or somatropin, is responsible for cell growth as well as reproduction. But insufficient somatropin production by the pituitary gland may result in lack in height. It is mostly caused by a serious brain injury, any prevalent medical condition or might occur as a birth defect.

Types 

- Congenital GHD - This form of GHD appears from at the time of birth itself.
- Acquired GHD - GHD can be acquired during later life as a result of trauma, infection, tumor growth within the brain or radiation therapy.
- Idiopathic GHD - Idiopathic GHD is the third, and comparatively worst kind of GHD since it has no treatment.

GHD is mostly permanent, but can also be transient.

Read on to know how to detect whether you or your child is suffering from growth hormone deficiency (GHD).

Symptoms 

I) Childhood onset 

-      Restricted height- Compared to other children of your child's age, he/she maybe of shorter height, which is a rather conclusive sign to detect somatropin deficiency.
-      Chubby and comparatively younger appearance- Your child may have a proportionate body, but if he/she is unnaturally chubby and has a baby-face compared to other children, he/she may be suffering from GHD.
-      Late puberty- Your child's puberty maybe later than usual or even not appear at all, depending upon the gravity of the GHD.
-      Hypoglycemia and exaggerated jaundice- Low blood sugar is amongst the most primary manifestations of GHD, along with extended duration of jaundice.
-      Micro-penis- Micro penis condition is one of the incident signs of GHD, which later escalates to growth deficit as the infant gets older.

II ) Adult onset

-      Fatigue- Adults with GHD may experience extreme tiredness throughout the day, with reduced muscle strength.
-      Osteoporosis- Osteoporosis, along with bodily deformities, is a common sign in adults with GHD.
-      Lipid abnormalities- A test of your lipid profile may reveal abnormalities in LDL cholesterol, insulin resistance, and impaired cardiac functions.

Tests to determine GHD

-      Physical test- A chart is drawn to determine the proportion of height and weight with respect to your age to detect anomalies.
-      Hand X-ray- A hand X-ray can determine whether the age of bones are at par with your age.
-      MRI-MRI scan can determine the health of your brain and pituitary gland.
-      Test for other hormones- Growth Hormone may not be solely responsible for your health condition, so it is important to determine if other hormone levels are all normal.

Treatment

-      Hormone supplements- Hormone supplements like corticothyroids (hydrocortisone or prednisone), Levothyroxine (levoxyl, synthroid, etc), and others work to replenish the deficiency of pituitary hormones.
-      Growth hormone injection- GH is injected beneath your skin, to cure GDH. This is a long-term treatment and requires constant monitoring.

3363 people found this helpful

Growth Hormone Deficiency - Tests That Can Help Diagnose It!

Growth Hormone Deficiency - Tests That Can Help Diagnose It!

Growth hormone or somatropin is responsible for cell growth as well as reproduction. But insufficient somatropin production by the pituitary gland may result in lack in height. It is mostly caused by a serious brain injury, any prevalent medical condition or might occur as a birth defect.

Types:

  1. Congenital GHD - This form of GHD appears from at the time of birth itself.
  2. Acquired GHD- GHD can be acquired during later life as a result of trauma, infection, tumor growth within the brain or radiation therapy.
  3. Idiopathic GHD- Idiopathic GHD is the third, and comparatively worst kind of GHD since it has no treatment.

GHD is mostly permanent, but can also be transient. Read on to know how to detect whether you or your child is suffering from growth hormone deficiency(GHD).

Symptoms:
Childhood onset

  1. Restricted height- Compared to other children of your child's age, he/she may be of shorter height, which is a rather conclusive sign to detect somatropin deficiency.
  2. Chubby and comparatively younger appearance- Your child may have a proportionate body, but if he/she is unnaturally chubby and has a baby-face compared to other children, he/she may be suffering from GHD.
  3. Late puberty- Your child's puberty maybe later than usual or even not appear at all, depending upon the gravity of the GHD.
  4. Hypoglycemia and exaggerated jaundice- Low blood sugar is amongst the most primary manifestations of GHD, along with extended duration of jaundice.
  5. Micro-penis- Micro penis condition is one of the incident signs of GHD, which later escalates to growth deficit as the infant gets older.

Adult onset:

  1. Fatigue- Adults with GHD may experience extreme tiredness throughout the day, with reduced muscle strength.
  2. Osteoporosis- Osteoporosis, along with bodily deformities, is a common sign in adults with GHD.
  3. Lipid abnormalities- A test of your lipid profile may reveal abnormalities in LDL cholesterol, insulin resistance, and impaired cardiac functions.

Tests to determine GHD:

  1. Physical test- A chart is drawn to determine the proportion of height and weight with respect to your age to detect anomalies.
  2. Hand X-ray- A hand X-ray can determine whether the age of bones are at par with your age.
  3. MRI-MRI scan can determine the health of your brain and pituitary gland.
  4. Test for other hormones- Growth Hormone may not be solely responsible for your health condition, so it is important to determine if other hormone levels are all normal.

Treatment:

  1. Hormone supplements- Hormone supplements like corticosteroids (hydrocortisone or prednisone), Levothyroxine (levoxyl, synthroid, etc), and others work to replenish the deficiency of pituitary hormones.
  2. Growth hormone injection- GH is injected beneath your skin, to cure GDH. This is a long-term treatment and requires constant monitoring.
6089 people found this helpful
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