Glaucoma is a group of diseases that causes damage to your eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. The optic nerve is a bundle of millions of nerve fibres which carry visual impulse from the retina at the back of eye to the brain. The increased Eye pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve and fasten the natural nerve fibre loss. Since nerve cells can't regenerate this damage is permanent and irreversible.
Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Because most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from this increased pressure, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly so that glaucoma can be diagnosed early and treated before significant functional visual loss occurs.
If you are over age 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor every one to two years. If you have any risk factors, you may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently.
What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
For most people, there are usually few or no symptoms of glaucoma. The first sign of glaucoma is often the loss of peripheral or side vision, which can go unnoticed until late in the disease. This is why glaucoma is often called the "Sneak Thief of Vision" or "Silent Thief of Eye Sight".
If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care:
There are several risk factors, which may lead to glaucoma, such as
The treatment for glaucoma relies on the nature and seriousness of every case. Generally, glaucoma cannot be totally cured, but it can be controlled. Eye drops, pills, laser strategies, and means of surgery are utilized to maintain and prevent further harm from happening. Talk to your eye doctor to find out if you are at risk of developing glaucoma.
Please remember, any one can have Glaucoma, without knowing about it! It runs in family, so if any of your relative has Glaucoma, please get yourselves checked. Use the drops as prescribed. Dont alter them on your own! Periodic Visual field analysis as well as Optic nerve assessment by OCT is essential, as vision lost can only be detected by them. This vision loss is permanent and cannot be restored back by any means.
Glaucoma: An Overview
This disease can be developed or inherited; it usually refers to the accumulation of fluid inside a person's eyes leading to excessive pressure on his or her optic nerve.
How to Diagnose the Symptoms of Glaucoma:
Symptoms that will help a doctor identify this condition in people:
Ways to Treat Glaucoma:
Any patient who needs to undergo cataract surgery must be evaluated in a thorough manner so as to establish the requirement, appropriateness, expected surgical problems, expected benefits and co-morbid conditions having an influence on cataract surgery.
The preoperative assessment consists of -
A test for your existing glasses prescription:
It is useful for your cataract surgeon to know your existing glasses prescription in cases where there is a high refractive error (people who are very short or long sighted), in order to plan to correct this error after cataract surgery.
A full ocular examination: This includes looking at:
Biometry Tests: This is a simple pre-operative measurement. It calculates the correct power of artificial intra-ocular lens. They will be implanted into your eye once your cataract is removed.
Corneal Topography: This is a test to map out the corneal curvature in greater detail. It is used prior to premium IOL Implantation like Toric IOLS either monofocal or multifocal , to ensure avoid postoperative refractive errors. This extra test is only required if the biometry readings show larger than normal differences in keratometry readings.
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): This test allows detailed visualisation of the macula (the central sensitive part of the retina used for fine vision). If the ophthalmologist suspects any macula changes that may prevent a patient from visual improvement after cataract surgery, he always suggest optical coherence tomography.
Blood Pressure Measurements: It is very important to know your blood pressure measurements before your cataract operation. The risk of having a bleed at the back of your eye during cataract surgery (supra-choroidal haemorrhage) is very small (1 in 10000). But is higher if you have uncontrolled blood pressure.
Blood Sugar Measurements in Diabetic Patients: Cataract surgery itself does not affect your blood sugar measurements if you are diabetic. A routine checkup of blood sugars in diabetics before cataract surgery is done and the surgery if often delayed if the levels were greater than 20mmol/L as the risk of post-operative infection is higher.
While an eye exam should be conducted for anybody at least every six months, many people do not believe it to be so important. However, there are benefits to having a comprehensive eye exam. But, what exactly are these benefits?
Eye Check-ups are Indicative
To start with, when one goes for an eye exam, problems relating not just to the eyes can be discovered. As a matter of fact, an ophthalmologist or an eye specialist is quite often the first person to detect problems with the entire body. These problems include diabetes and hypertension. It can be said that a person who has healthy eyes is more likely than not to be in the pink of health! When a person has a health issue detected early by an eye doctor, it can result in easier treatment - easier on the person as well as on the pocket! After all, why go through the pain of more pain and expense before getting it addressed?
Catch your ailments early
It can be said that eye exams are very important for children as having bad eyesight which goes uncorrected can have some really serious consequences. The strain on the child’s eyes due to school work like staring at the board with weak eyes can cause very bad headaches and the situation gets worse. Children usually do not have a proper idea of what normal vision is like so they are more likely to not notice a decrease in the quality of vision. This really does increase the need of eye exams for them.
Eye exams are different from vision tests
Many people are of the opinion that getting their eyes checked is the same as having an eye exam. However, it is to be noted that this is not the same. A person who does not have advanced medical qualifications when it comes to the eyes usually conducts a vision test. This could be a nurse or an optometrist. They actually do not dig much further beneath the surface, so they miss out the critical bits!
Eye alignment matters
The truth is that only an eye doctor knows what exactly to look for when an eye exam is conducted. So what exactly does an eye doctor look for? Apart from early signs of glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, the eye doctor would look for strabismus. This refers to the alignment of the eyes. When the eyes are not properly aligned, depth perception suffers and this can cause serious damage, especially if a person drives.
Apart from these, the doctor would also look at how well one’s eyes work together and whether there are any age-related diseases.
Treatment of Farsightedness-
Homeopathic Treatment of Farsightedness-
Homeopathic remedies are useful in the treatment of various eye problems including farsightedness and shortsightedness. Some of the homeopathic remedies for farsightedness are:
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Farsightedness-
Acupuncture helps to increase the blood flow to the brain and eye. It helps in stimulating the retinal nerve growth factors and leading to metabolic changes in the central nervous system. It focuses on the activation of eye muscles to facilitate eye focusing.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Farsightedness-
The conventional or allopathic treatment for farsightedness is the use of glasses and contact lenses.
Surgical Treatment of Farsightedness-
There are different types of surgeries that are used in the treatment of farsightedness:
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Farsightedness-
What is Farsightedness?
Farsightedness or hyperopia is a condition where you see far or distant objects clearly, but not objects up close which get blurred. It is caused when light rays overshoot the retina and focus behind it.
Symptoms of Farsightedness-
Risk factors of Farsightedness-
Complications of Farsightedness-
Diagnosis of Farsightedness-
Farsightedness is diagnosed by a basic eye exam. A complete eye examination involves the following tests.
Precautions & Prevention of Farsightedness-
Glaucoma - Homeopathic Treatment
It is a condition that causes damage to the eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. It's often linked to a buildup of pressure inside your eye.
The increased intraocular pressure can damage the optic nerve, if the damage continues, glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years
Types of Glaucoma-
There are two main types
Signs and Symptoms- The signs and symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and stage of your condition. For example:
* patchy blind spots in your side (peripheral) or central vision, frequently in both eyes
* tunnel vision in the advanced stages
Acute angle-closure glaucoma-
* severe headache
* eye pain
* nausea and vomiting
* blurred vision
* halos around lights
* eye redness
1. Optic nerve is damaged (atrophied).
2. Tiredness of eyes all the time. The eyes seem very tired even when they are not engaged in much work.
3. The vision is blurred and the patient feels that every object is under the cover of dust when he or she looks at it.
4. Halos around light is also an important symptom.
5. Slightly improved vision by shading the eyes with hands. By doing this, the objects that look blurred seem somewhat clear.
1. Glaucoma with pain,
2. Fullness sensation in eyes. The fullness is mostly accompanied by pain in eyes.
3. The eyes feel very enlarged esp in nigh. The eye pain gets worse by warmth and better in pain and eye fullness in open air.
1. Belladonna is the best for acute symptoms in a patient of glaucoma.
2. Sudden increase in dimness of vision.
3. The eyes appear red. This is accompanied by a severe pain in eyes and head. The pain is very violent in character.
4. Nausea and vomiting.
1. It is of great help in improving dim vision.
2. The intraocular pressure is raised.
3. The patient is the display of various changeable colours of an object when looked at from different angles like a rainbow (iridescent vision).
4. The patient may also have intolerance to light.
1. Glaucoma following injury,
2. Dim vision, blurring of vision or partial blindness.
3. Pain in eyes. The pain is usually worse after using the eyes.
4. Glaucoma with myopic condition
1. Sudden pain in right eye as a result of glaucoma.
2. Pain in eye is so acute and violent that it results in a bursting sensation in the eyeball.
1. Cedron is centered on the left eye of a glaucoma patient.
2. Severe, violent pain in the eye, especially left eye.
3. The onset of pain may show certain periodicity in its occurrence. The pain may radiate to the nose.
1. Dilatation of pupils. Disturbed accommodation.
2. Pain in eyes with or without lachrymation.
Pain sharp and stabbing through the eyes and head worse on motion and night. Or doing fine works.