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Is high Blood Pressure for long periods a cause for glaucoma. Do heredity factors cause glaucoma?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 95% (26692 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Is high Blood Pressure for long periods a cause for glaucoma. Do heredity factors cause glaucoma?
Yes Glaucoma is the term used for a group of diseases that irreversibly damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss and ultimately, if untreated, blindness. Genetic factors are considered to play a key role in all major forms of glaucoma. ... However there are many inherited forms of glaucoma that affect young children. It was once thought that a little high blood pressure could be good for glaucoma. Having high blood pressure ensures that there is good blood flow to the nerve tissues of the eye. However, according to new studies, long-term high blood pressure increases one's risk for developing glaucoma.
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Smoking - Does It Put Your Eyes At Risk?

Dr. Reema Das 95% (16 ratings)
Ophthalmologist, Gurgaon
Smoking - Does It Put Your Eyes At Risk?

If you thought smoking was causing damage to only your lungs, thing again. Your eyesight, one of your most valuable possessions, is at high risk of damage because of your bad habit.
The damage done to your eyes by cigarettes happens from two sources; the toxic smoke that hangs in the air which surrounds you as you puff on the cigarettes and 4000 odd toxic substances that enter your bloodstream once you smoke. In extreme cases, smoking also causes loss in vision. Here is a list of eye disorders and diseases, which can be caused due to smoking-

Macular degeneration
The risk of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration is there for people above the age of fifty. In case of smokers, the chance of developing AMD is three times more than in nonsmokers. It has been proven that smokers develop the chance of AMD ten years prior to non smokers.

This process involves the clouding of the lens inside the eye. Cataract develops with old age, usually. The risk of developing early cataract is common among smokers, who are twice at risk of cataract than non smokers. The effect of the cataract in the case of smokers is more severe.

Glaucoma is the eye disorder where the death of nerve fiber layer behind our eyes takes place, and that results in loss of vision. The increase in pressure within the eyes leads to glaucoma. Smoking enhances the pressure in your eyes, and so smokers are at a potential risk of acquiring this disease.

Diabetic eye diseases
A number of eye diseases are accompanied with diabetes. This can result in blindness when left ignored or not paid attention to in severe cases. Diabetic patients who are smokers are three times more at a risk of eye diseases associated with diabetes.

Optic neuropathy
This eye disease causes sudden loss of vision to the eyes without any pain. It happens due to the disrupted flow of blood in the arteries of the eyes. Smokers are 16 times more at a risk of developing optic neuropathy at an earlier age.

Thyroid associated eye diseases
Patients having thyroid issues or Grave's disease have disorders in their vision. Grave's disease patients who smoke tobacco are likely to develop severe eye diseases associated with the thyroid.

Dry eye
Smoking causes irritation to the eyes and affects the tear film of the eye. Smokers and passive smokers are likely to develop dry eye disorders. Smoking causes a lot of eye diseases and disorders, and smokers are at a higher risk of acquiring eye diseases than non smokers.

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What is the cost of eye transplant? After having eye transplant the problem of Glaucoma will come out fully or not?

Dr. Lakshmaiah Nc 89% (22 ratings)
MD - Ophthalmology, MBBS
What is the cost of eye transplant?
After having eye transplant the problem of Glaucoma will come out fully or not?
Eye transplantatiion - only corneal transplantation is done and is useful for corneal problems only. This is not useful for glaucoma.
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Glaucoma - Know The Facts!

Dr. Nitesh Bansal 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Cornea Observership, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Jaipur
Glaucoma - Know The Facts!
There are several treatment options available for glaucoma. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Risk Factors Of Glaucoma You Need To Know!

Wavikar Eye Institute 89% (211 ratings)
Ophthalmologist, Thane
Risk Factors Of Glaucoma You Need To Know!

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that causes damage to your eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. The optic nerve is a bundle of millions of nerve fibres which carry visual impulse from the retina at the back of eye to the brain. The increased Eye pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve and fasten the natural nerve fibre loss. Since nerve cells can't regenerate this damage is permanent and irreversible.

Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Because most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from this increased pressure, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly so that glaucoma can be diagnosed early and treated before significant functional visual loss occurs.

If you are over age 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor every one to two years. If you have any risk factors, you may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently.

What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?

For most people, there are usually few or no symptoms of glaucoma. The first sign of glaucoma is often the loss of peripheral or side vision, which can go unnoticed until late in the disease. This is why glaucoma is often called the "Sneak Thief of Vision" or "Silent Thief of Eye Sight".

If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care:

  1. Seeing halos around lights
  2. Vision loss
  3. Redness in the eye
  4. Eye that looks hazy (particularly in infants)
  5. Nausea or vomiting
  6. Pain in the eye
  7. Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision)

Risk Factors-

There are several risk factors, which may lead to glaucoma, such as

  1. Age of the individual
  2. Ethnicity- African, Caribbean, Hispanics and Asians are at higher risk
  3. Increased eye pressure or IOP History of glaucoma in family or relatives
  4. Presence of Myopia or Hyperopia
  5. Previous eye injuries
  6. Use of steroids- as injections, tablets, eye or ear drops or ointments or protein supplements for muscle building in gyms or inhalers
  7. Previous history of anemia
  8. Individuals conditions affecting blood flow like hypertension, diabetes or high blood sugar, migraine etc are also at risk.


The treatment for glaucoma relies on the nature and seriousness of every case. Generally, glaucoma cannot be totally cured, but it can be controlled. Eye drops, pills, laser strategies, and means of surgery are utilized to maintain and prevent further harm from happening. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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I lost my left eye sight in the year 2011 due to Glaucoma. I contacted Dr. said me the sight will not be recovered and advice to me to use eye drops 1. Brimallol 2. Careproest. Daily one drop in the morning beimollol. And one drop Beimollol+Careproest in the night. Since then I am using the same 6 years. Please advise me what to do further to get the eye sight and other precautions to save the eyes?

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 95% (21703 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Mumbai
I lost my left eye sight in the year 2011 due to Glaucoma. I contacted Dr. said me the sight will not be recovered an...
Hello, Go for a walk in the morning to restore blood circulation to nourish your body. Go for meditation to reduce your stress to keep eye pressure in control. Take,  plenty of water to hydrate your body. Your diet be easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder that triggers eye pressure. Keep in touch with your eye consultant, regularly. Monitor your medication, ,always. Regulate all sort of anti diabetics/ antihypertensive  norms ,if you are diabetic or hypertensive. If you can't see in the night,  change your driving habits. Take, homoeopathic medicine:@ Staphysagria 30-5 drops,  thrice. Avoid, junk food, alcohol and Nicotine. Take care.
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glaucoma in left eye with 85% vision lost. Which is the best & economical eye drops, to maintain eye pressure within control.

Dr. B Suresh Kumar 92% (886 ratings)
Homeopath, Thrissur
glaucoma in left eye with 85% vision lost. Which is the best & economical eye drops, to maintain eye pressure within ...
Glaucoma is due to increase in intraocular pressure. In Homoeopathy we never use this control approach with drops. If you want a cure we need to see why it has occurred to you. As per my thought process if you are a right handed person you might be having a problem with your children or siblings which might have triggered this process. Anyhow you need to go for a consultation to make a diagnosis and curative treatment.
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Glaucoma - How Easy It Is To Treat It?

Asg Eye Hospital 87% (10 ratings)
Ophthalmologist, Jodhpur
Glaucoma - How Easy It Is To Treat It?

This disease can be developed or inherited; it usually refers to the accumulation of fluid inside a person's eyes leading to excessive pressure on his or her optic nerve.

How to diagnose the symptoms of Glaucoma in a person:-
1. A fundamental eye examination- An experienced eye doctor will check the dilated pupils of your eyes so as to take a closer look at the optic nerve that further discerns the stage of glaucoma a patient is in. Doctors tend to keep track on the sequential progression of glaucoma and its specific mode of treatment through pictures of the optic nerve taken during an examination. 

2. Tonometry may also be performed- Signs of Glaucoma may be spotted through the procedure called tonometry where the doctor will test a person's eye pressure and so on so forth. A visual field test might also be conducted to check if the patient can see things at the periphery of his line of vision.  

Symptoms that will help a doctor identify this condition in people:-

a) A loss of peripheral vision is experienced in the early stages of glaucoma.
b) A person may see halos when in the presence of bright lights.
c) Your eyes could turn red.
d) Hazy or blurry vision is a problem faced by young children affected with glaucoma.

e) Glaucoma could be accompanied by headaches and eye pain.
f) An affected person might repeatedly feel nauseous.

Ways to treat Glaucoma in a person:-

1. Microsurgery can effectively treat Glaucoma- Microsurgery can be performed in various ways. There is one way in which a channel is made to pump out the fluid creating extra pressure on the optic nerve. This method is referred to as trabeculectomy. 

2. Eye drops can be used to remedy the condition- Eye drops can relieve you from painful glaucoma. They are known to control the formation of excess fluid in a person's eye. In some cases, they can induce the accumulating fluid to flow out of the patient's eyes. 

3. Laser treatment can also work wonders- Laser surgeries can be undertaken to get rid of glaucoma. Laser can help in moving out fluid from the eyes of the affected person. It successfully hinders fluid blockage as well. There are different kinds of laser treatments available to cure glaucoma.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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5 Most Common Eye Problems - Do You Think They Can Be Treated?

Asg Eye Hospital 87% (10 ratings)
Ophthalmologist, Jodhpur
5 Most Common Eye Problems - Do You Think They Can Be Treated?

Most individuals suffer from eye problems sometime in their entire life span. Since our eyes are one of the most important assets and sense organs, periodic check ups are recommended to prevent serious eye problems. Here is a list of 5 primary eye diseases, their causes and cure:

This disease is commonly called pink eye. It involves swelling of the conjunctiva lines inside the eyelids which cover the sclera of the eyes as well.

1. May occur because of factors like viruses, bacteria and substances, which cause irritation such as shampoo, smoke, dirt, chlorine in swimming pools.
2. Dust, pollens or similar allergies may cause this disease in sensitive people.
3. This disease is infectious in nature and spreads from person to person.
This disorder may be treated with eye drops, pills or ointments containing antibiotics. Avoid being with other people when affected and also abstain from using contact lenses.

In case of this disease, the optic nerve of the eye is damaged and can lead to loss of vision over time. Build-up of pressure takes place inside the eye.

1. Occurs due to intense pressure within the eyes or the intraocular pressure.
2. The extra pressure destroys the optic nerve.
3. Permanent blindness is caused if the disease is not controlled and treated.
Eye drops, laser surgery, and microsurgery are methods for curing glaucoma.

Ocular Migraine
This temporary disease causes loss of vision in one eye and generally does not last for more than an hour. This might happen after a migraine headache.


1. Mainly caused due to health-related issues than from eye problems.
2. Also occurs from regular migraines.
3. It is related to spasms caused in the blood vessels of the retina.
This disorder can be cured by using aspirin, epilepsy drugs and blood-pressure medication known as beta blockers.

Retinal vascular occlusion
This disease affects the retina and lowers the supply of oxygen-rich blood.

1. Factors such as atherosclerosis, blood clots and blockage in arteries, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity or smoking lead to this disease.
2. The blood flow to the retina is restricted.
Medicines like blood thinners, eye injects such as vascular endothelial growth can cure this disorder.

Paralysis of the eye muscles occurs. Can occur in more than one of the eye muscles.

1. Happens due to interruption of messages sent to the eye from the brain.
2. Caused from muscle disorders.
3. Also caused from migraines, thyroid problems, stroke, etc.
Special eye patches and eyewear are used for treating this disorder, for relieving double vision.
Eye diseases are very common, and a large number of eye diseases can occur from different reasons and causes.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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