A proverb which tells the importance of anything done on time is better rather than delaying it. This is applicable for all the activities of daily life. A step taken now for the maintainance of oral hygiene will prevent further future compications. The two main problems of mouth with which maximum number of people suffering today is cavities and gum problems. Both cavities and gum problems will eventually lead to tooth loss, if not noticed and treated at right time.
Cavities (dental caries) are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities once initiated can not be reverted back. Formation of cavities is an irreversible process. If not filled or restored on time, will eventually lead to tooth loss.
Gingivitis is inflammation of gums. Gingivitis if not treated on time can lead to periodontitis, which is a condition in which a tooth becomes loose and finally fall off on their own from the tooth socket. So its better to maintain oral hygiene so well so that even this condition of gingivitis will not be there.
Cavities and gingivits if treated on time will prevent tooth loss, thus a stich in time saves nine.
Tooth cleaning is performed by professional hygienist or dentist.A normal plaque can be removed with the help of tooth brush but tartar or calculus cannot be removed by normal brushing.
Professional tools are required to clean them, which might be getting accumulates on your tooth even below the gum level.Smoking and tobacoo stain can also be removed by getting scaling and polishing done.
Area of the tooth if left uncleaned and tarter is not removed may lead to more severe gum disease.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is a highly common infection of the periodontal tissues (gums and bone) that are responsible for supporting the teeth. These infections are caused by bacteria that grow on the teeth near the gum line due to poor brushing and flossing practices. Periodontal disease is known as gingivitis during its earliest stages, which is typically characterized by a sore, swollen gums that may bleed easily. Allowed to progress, an advanced periodontal disease may set in causing pain, receding gums and pockets between the gums and teeth. Known as periodontitis, this type of periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults even more so than decay.
Did you know?
Periodontal disease has been associated with a number of risk factors aside from poor brushing and flossing habits. In fact, the risk of developing gingivitis or periodontitis increases if you have a systemic disease like heart disease, as well as conditions like diabetes and aids. Other factors that may contribute to the development of periodontal disease include stress, genetics, crowded teeth, faulty dental restorations, and the use of certain medications that may cause dry mouth. According to the centers for disease control, women are also at an increased risk for periodontal disease when they are undergoing hormonal changes, such as with menopause or pregnancy.
Frequently asked questions
Do I have periodontal disease?
You may have gingivitis or periodontitis if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above. However, the only way of knowing for sure whether you have a periodontal disease is via a professional dental exam. Keep in mind that you may have periodontal disease and be asymptomatic; so be sure to visit your dentist for a thorough exam and cleaning at least twice per year.
What will my dentist do if I am diagnosed with periodontal disease?
Your treatment will depend on whether you are diagnosed with gingivitis or periodontitis. Minor cases of periodontal disease are usually treated with a thorough cleaning and topical antibiotic. If, however, your periodontal tissues have begun to deteriorate and your gums have begun pulling away from your teeth, you may require a more complex treatment, such as flap surgery or bone and gum grafting.
Will I need to do anything to prevent periodontal disease from returning?
Yes. Periodontal disease can reoccur especially if you do not make any changes to your brushing and flossing habits. By brushing after every meal, flossing once daily, avoiding tobacco, and getting frequent professional dental cleanings, you could help prevent periodontal disease from returning in the future.
Does scaling help us?
Let us first understand what is scaling of teeth:
Teeth scaling is a routine dental procedure with which plaque and tartar deposits that form on teeth are cleaned or scraped away. While plaque is a soft, sticky film that develops on teeth containing millions of bacteria which cause tooth decay and gum diseases, tartar is a hardened form of plaque that develops if the plaque is not removed on time.
If you have healthy gums, tissue will fit tightly around the tooth and keep plaque out. But, if gum disease begins to form, this tissue will loosen. Healthy gums attach to the tooth 1-3 millimeters below the gumline. With gum disease, you’ll begin to develop deeper pockets. These can fill with plaque, worsening your problems and causing symptoms like bad breath or bleeding gums.
If you have pockets of 4 millimeters or more, your dentist will probably recommend dental scaling to remove the plaque beneath the gumline and help treat the gum disease.
Common myths & facts about scaling:
Myth: scaling weakens the teeth and makes them loosen!
Fact: the deposits over period of long time make a hard semi calcified layer between the gums and teeth. Henceforth the gums are detached and recessed from the teeth so when the calculus/tartar/deposits are removed from the gum-line it gives you the feeling of loose teeth, but that is a" bad support" of the teeth that is being removed. In few weeks, the gums get attached back to the teeth and the mouth is healthy, free of deposits and tartar. Hence scaling of teeth just removes the" bad support" which ultimately would have left you with no teeth!