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Overview

Gingivitis: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is the Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a disease of the gums around the teeth which occurs due to deposition of plaque, bacterial biofilm, on the surfaces of tooth. The plaque deposition eventually grows and hardens and forms tartar thereby causing infection. If the condition is untreated it can lead to periodontal disease and subsequently tooth loss as the affected gums separate from the teeth, thereby making the teeth unstable and loose. The disease is characterised by inflammation of the gums (gingivia) that causes swelling, irritation and redness in them. Gingivitis is caused mainly due to poor maintenance of oral hygiene. Symptoms of gingivitis are dark red swollen gums which often bleed quite easily while blushing or flossing, tender and receding gums and bad breath. The risk factors and causes for gingivitis are not very clear but several reasons can be held responsible like development and unchecked growth of plaque on the spaces between and on the surfaces of teeth, some other underlying illness like diabetes or HIV or due to excessive smoking or chewing tobacco and drinking too much alcohol. A few instances like puberty, steroid therapy and pregnancy can also make the gums susceptible to gum infection due to bacteria. A simple gingivitis treatment may require maintenance of good oral hygiene and a few sessions with the dentist for cleaning the teeth. If the condition still exists and also advances to serious conditions, proper medical attention is required. Professional care for treating gingivitis will include dental cleaning by dentists, dental restoration if need be and on-going dental care.

How is the Gingivitis treatment done?

The treatment method of gingivitis basically requires maintaining good oral hygiene and removal of plaque from the teeth. Maintenance of oral hygiene is aimed at reducing oral bacteria with the help of your dental professional. Dentists use powered toothbrushes to remove the plaque from the teeth. Other ingredients used for plaque and inflammation reduction are chlorhexidine digluconate, triclosan and a composition containing menthol, methyl salicylate, eucalyptol and thymol. Mouthwash and toothpastes containing these ingredients are used to maintain oral hygiene. Bacterial gingivitis can also be controlled using mouthwash containing an antibiotic like cephalexin, minocycline or amoxicillin along with non-alcoholic fluoride. You dental professional will carry out dental cleaning, dental restoration and continual care of your teeth so that future gingivitis does not occur. In professional dental cleaning, the dentist uses scaling ad root planning procedures to remove plaque and associated bacterial products and tartar. The method of scaling includes removal of bacteria and tartar from the gaps in between the teeth, while in root planning the bacterial products are removed thereby reducing the inflammation of the gums and smoothening the surfaces of roots of teeth. The procedure prevents further development of bacteria and tartar on the teeth. The instruments used for such dental cleaning involves ultrasonic or laser device. Dental restorations are done in case of misaligned teeth with the help of bridges or dental clips. Such dental restorations may contribute to development of plaque and tartar and will be required to clean up. The dental professional will also make a plan for you to maintain a good oral hygiene at home so that further infection is prevented. You may also be needed to pay regular visits to the dentist for routine check-ups.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People who get inflammation of the gums due to development of plaque and tartar in between the teeth and beneath the gums, the gums become red and make you feel irritated and bleed easily while brushing and flossing, you will be eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who have plaque deposition on their teeth, which most people have, but do not have gum inflammation that could lead to gingivitis or more severe condition called periodontitis, will not be eligible for the treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Although, treatment for gingivitis do not have many side effects but chlorhexidine gluconate can have a few non-serious side effects like dry mouth, tongue swelling, unpleasant taste in mouth, mouth and throat irritation, decreased taste sensation and very rarely mouth sores.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After the plaque, tartar and bacterial product removal from the teeth and reduction of gum inflammation, it is necessary that the person maintains good oral hygiene. The dentist often gives a plan to follow such hygiene at home so that further infection does not happen again. It is recommended to floss thoroughly after every meal, brush the teeth at least thrice a day, not pushing too hard while brushing, preferably using a soft toothbrush, using substances to irrigate your teeth and gums so that the debris is cleaned out easily and using a toothpaste that is especially used for controlling tartar growth.

How long does it take to recover?

It takes around 10- 14 days to recover completely from gingivitis after the cleaning procedure by the dentist.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treating gingivitis in India ranges from Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 3,000 including all the sessions at the dentist and the cleaning substances like mouthwashes, toothpaste and tooth brushes.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Yes the results are permanent only if good dental hygiene is maintained.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

If the condition worsens like excessive inflammation of gums and if simple steps of controlling gingivitis do not work then help from dental professional will be required. Otherwise, the alternatives to simple gingivitis can be regular brushing and flowing of teeth, brushing of teeth at least thrice a day, using over the counter mouthwashes and toothpaste containing essential oils like menthol, thymol, lemon grass oil and clove oil, also using warm saline water to floss after every meal, aloe vera mouth wash, guava leaf mouthwash, flossing with oils like coconut oil or Arimedadi oil also help inhibit plaque growth and improve gingivitis symptoms.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Low Relative risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Time for Recovery: Very Low Price Range:

Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 3,000

Popular Health Tips

Know More About Gingivitis!

MDS - Periodontics, Certified Implantologist, BDS
Dentist, Panchkula
Know More About Gingivitis!
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease which occurs because of the inflammation of the gums. It can easily be reversed with daily brushing and flossing and getting dental cleaning done regularly.

Effects Of Hormonal Changes In Woman!

BDS
Dentist, Betul
Effects Of Hormonal Changes In Woman!
Hormonal changes in women increase sensitivity and may also lead to the occurrence of gingivitis.
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Oral Health Care!

MDS - Periodontics, Certified Implantologist, BDS
Dentist, Panchkula
Oral Health Care!
Gum diseases can be treated and reversed in their initial stages very easily. By getting the accumulated tartar and plaque removed by a dentist, there is a chance that they can get better without much ado.

Gum Diseases Prevention!

BDS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S)
Dentist, Pune
Gum Diseases Prevention!
Gum diseases can be treated and reversed in their initial stages very easily. By getting the accumulated tartar and plaque removed by a dentist, there is a chance that they can get better without much ado.
1 person found this helpful

10 Unknown Facts About Tooth Whitening!

BDS, MDS Prosthodontics
Dentist, Bangalore
10 Unknown Facts About Tooth Whitening!
There is a myth that whitening erases all the damage they ve done to their teeth over their lifetimes. The opposite is true the better you ve cared for your teeth, the greater the results. If you have kept up on your dental appointments, brushed a...
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Popular Questions & Answers

I have a gingivitis problem from last year. And I also want some medications for memory increment. Thank you.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery, Fellowship in Medical Cosmotology and lasser, Post-Graduate Certificate in Endodontics
Dentist, Bhubaneswar
For gingivitis, get your gum condition checked up by a nearby dentist. He/she advise you an oral prophylaxis procedure and a daily oral hygiene regime to follow. For your memory concern, please consult a general physician.

I have gingivitis past 1 year. I'm under treatment but, can you suggest me what should be my diet.

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Dentist, Chennai
Kindly consult a dentist in person for further suggestion. We need more investigations with clinical examination to decide upon treatment. You may need deep cleaning along with surgical curettage or gum strengthening procedure. Rinse your mouth th...

Hi, My gums are star cut. And began to move from teeth. I'am very confused. Please help.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Take vitamin C supplements. Use homoeopathic toothpaste heclalava massage your gums with turmeric and salt twice.

Dear doc, kindly suggest best toothpaste for gum recession due to gingivitis. Thanks.

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Vicco powder is d best option probably For you Bell3 c liquid 4tims day Kreos 12c 4tims day for 10 days Cal phos 12c 3tims day for 10 days.

Dear doc, Kindly suggest best toothpaste for sensitive teeth with gingivitis. Thank you.

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
For gingivitis get scaling polishing done by a dentist than use brush twice daily especially at night.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the Gingivitis?
How is the Gingivitis treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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