Mouth Breathing - What Can Cause It?

ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
Mouth Breathing - What Can Cause It?

An estimated of 10 percent or more children snore for more than 1 night. Snoring results from the obstruction of breath when the air makes its way through the mouth. The air passage of the throat through which the air goes in and out causes the tissue to vibrate causing snore. The sound of the snore totally depends on the amount of air passing through the mouth and the frequency at which the throat is vibrating. Children above the age of three years tend to snore when they are deep in sleep.

Primary and secondary snoring:
Children who are otherwise healthy should not have a snoring problem unless there is some health disorder. However, if loud snoring is observed in otherwise a perfectly healthy kid, seeking medical help is a wise thing to do. In general, primary snoring is defined as a condition which is not associated with other sleep-related disorders such as lung disorder, OASS, inability to sleep for a longer duration etc.

Other possibilities:
It is estimated that close to three percent of the children suffers from breathing problem while sleeping. OSAS is a condition which is characterised by pauses in breathing and gasps along with loud snores. There could be instances where a kids’ muscle relaxes way too much obstructing the air to pass through. The body and the brain are both alerted at this stage. As soon as the brain sends a signal, the body wakes up. Thus, most kids suffering from this disorder are not able to sleep well and tend to feel tired throughout the day.

Common causes of sleep apnea:
Sleep apena is a major cause of snoring. It can be caused because of allergies, obesitygastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) etc. In children sleep, apnea can also be caused by tonsil. Since the tonsil size of children less than 7 years of age tends to be bigger than adult individuals, it causes snoring related problem. Swollen tonsils not only obstruct air but creates other health related problems as well.

Symptoms of sleep apnea during the day and night:

  1. Loud snore
  2. Snorts, gasps, pauses during sleep
  3. Heavy sweat during sleep
  4. Social and behavioural problems
  5. Failure to get up in the morning
  6. A nasal voice
  7. Easily irritated, cranky and aggressive

Relief measure:
The first thing a that a doctor does is a physical exam followed by observing the symptoms of a kid. Primary snorting can be addressed by physical exercise, counselling and breathing exercise. Problems related to apnea are addressed through medicine, counselling, and exercise. Certain dietary restrictions also needed to be followed during this time. However, apena is completely treatable within a certain time frame.

3956 people found this helpful

GERD - Know More About It!

Dr.Amit Basnotra 93% (30ratings)
DNB Gastroentrology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi

Gastro Esophagal Reflux Disease:

Commonly presenting entity in the clinical practice 

Related to multiple factors
1) dietary factors
2) lifestyle related factors
3) anatomical causes
4) physiological causes 
5) pathological causes 

1) medical management 
2) endoscopic management 
3) surgical management 
4) dietary and life style management 

The last one including dietary and lifestyle modification can play an important role and if properly practiced can work in majority of gerd patients.

2 people found this helpful

9 Ways To Relieve Acid Reflux!

Dr.Vishwajeet Singh 89% (2521ratings)
Homeopathy Doctor, Bahadurgarh
9 Ways To Relieve Acid Reflux!

Eat sparingly and slowly. When the stomach is very full, there can be more reflux into the esophagus.

  • Avoid certain foods.
  • Don't drink carbonated beverages.
  • Stay up after eating.
  • Don't move too fast.
  • Sleep on an incline.
  • Lose weight if it's advised.
  • If you smoke, quit.

Check your medications and visit a doctor

1 person found this helpful

Acid Reflux!

Dt.Tania 92% (3749ratings)
Net Qualified In Community Health And Social Medicine, M.Sc - Dietetics and Community Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Durgapur
Acid Reflux!

Quarantine health: acid reflux is a “digestive disease”in which stomach acid or bile irritates the food pipe lining. The symptoms are heartburn, regurgitation, bloating, wheezing, dry cough or a chronic sore throat and dysphagia (a sensation of food being stuck in the throat). 

 Here are some home remedies for acid reflux which will help you in troubled times. 

Stay home. Stay safe. Stay healthy.

1 person found this helpful

What Is The Role Of Homeopathy In Dealing With GERD?

Dr.Jay Verma 88% (33ratings)
Homeopathy Doctor, Lucknow
What Is The Role Of Homeopathy In Dealing With GERD?

Acidity is an extremely common condition that mostly affects people who consume spicy, oily foods and/or alcohol. Acidity occurs due to excess production of acids in the stomach. Normally, the food we consume passes down the oesophagus into the stomach. The gastric glands produce the acid that helps in digestion. Acidity occurs when excess or a large amount of acid is produced in the stomach. This condition is caused due to factors like poor eating habits, irregular lifestyle, lack of physical activities etc.

The condition is characterized by symptoms such as heartburn, burning sensation around the chest and in the stomach, vomiting, nausea and restlessness.

Acidity often leads to other stomach disorders like - 

  1. Esophagitis- When the acid in your stomach repeatedly comes in contact with the oesophageal lining, it causes injury including ulcers.
  2. Barrett’s oesophagus- Damage from acidity causes abnormal changes in the lining of the oesophagus. The cells that are normally found in the lining of the oesophagus get replaced with similar cells not found in the esophagus. This condition is found in about 10% of the people who have chronic Gastroesophageal Reflex Disease (GERD), more commonly known as the acid reflux disorder.
  3. Gastritis- This occurs when the stomach lining becomes swollen or inflamed. This condition can last for a short span of time or can last for even years.

How homeopathy plays a role in treating acidity and stomach problems -
When anything goes wrong with your stomach or digestive system, it’s a clear indication that something is inherently out of order and that your body needs instant help. Homeopathy cures both acidity and other stomach problems by treating the lower oesophageal valve. This branch of medicine uses natural remedies that not only help you get rid of stomach disorders, but also eliminates the factors causing such conditions from their roots. The most common drugs used for treating acidity and related stomach disorders are- Nux vomica, Arsenicum album, Natrum carbonicum. These help reduce symptoms like heartburn, indigestion, burning sensation, abdominal pain and chest pain. Homeopathy medications have zero side effects and are completely safe. Moreover, the natural substances used in homeopathic treatment benefit your health immensely in the long run. Acid sulphuricum and capsicum play significant role.

Digestive problems or stomach disorders can affect any person irrespective of age. Conditions like acidity or acid reflux can be short-term or persistent. Since NSAIDs and other conventional medicines often trigger further complications, it is always advisable to go for safe, natural avenues of treatment such as homeopathy.

1713 people found this helpful

Physiotherapy For Paralysis Patients!

Dt.Priya Chelani 88% (293ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Nagpur
Physiotherapy For Paralysis Patients!

Physiotherapy can greatly help a patient of paralysis by making him/her independent to the maximum extent. Physiotherapy also plays an important role in negating potential complications after a paralysis. Although the process of rehabilitation can take time, it produces significantly encouraging result for a patient to continue with it until full recovery. The recovery depends on the type of paralysis a person has undergone. Notably, there are four types of paralysis:

  1. Hemiplegia

  2. Quadriplegia

  3. Paraplegia

  4. Monoplegia

Role of Physiotherapy-

The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized. It not only helps in relaxing muscles, but also helps in smooth blood circulation. Long-term therapy can ensure muscle tone and overall well-being of an individual.

In the case of an external injury related to the brain, physiotherapy can speed up the recovery and reduce swelling to a significant extent. Some of the benefits are-

  1. Physiotherapy can help a person regain the highest possible mobility.

  2. Physiotherapy can increase the respiratory function of a person.

  3. It helps the person in bringing down blood pressure and contracture.

  4. A physiotherapist also focuses on unaffected area and works on them to ensure that the unaffected part of the body, in no way, loses mobility and retains the natural strength.

  5. Physiotherapy also helps to manage a paralyzed bladder.

  6. A physiotherapist suggests proper wheelchair, splint, braces, orthosis etc. These help a person to reintegrate quickly after the paralysis.

  7. Physiotherapy lifts the morale and motivation of a patient by addressing post-traumatic experiences such as denial, anxiety, hostility, depression and anger.

  8. It also serves as a perfect guide for the family of the patient.

Exercises that a Physiotherapist Suggests-

  1. Aerobic Exercise: This is a set of physical exercises that lets the muscle tissues exchange oxygen at a rapid rate. The goal is to enhance the function of the motor neuron and the aerobic capacity of a patient. Support straps and gain belts might be required for a patient to stand on feet. A handrail helps to walk during this phase.

  2. Physical Conditioning: Balance, stability, and coordination is the motive of any physical program for a paralyzed individual. Passive or active motion exercises help an individual to regain function of the limbs. Passive exercise also helps to regain strength. A physiotherapist rotates the thumb of a patient in such a way that the back of his hand faces forward.

  3. Leg Rotations: One common exercise that is tried by a physiotherapist is to make the patient lie down on a mat with his/her legs straightened. Supporting the knee joint and the ankle, the right leg is moved outward and pulled backward. This is again repeated with the other leg.
3266 people found this helpful

Physical Therapy: What It Is, & How It Can Help An Individual

Dt.Priya Chelani 88% (293ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Nagpur
Physical Therapy: What It Is, & How It Can Help An Individual

Physiotherapic approaches for sports injuries

What role does physiotherapy play in treating injuries?

The recent t20 world cup 2016 match between India and Australia held in Mohali saw some action as well as injuries. Yuvraj Singh faced an ankle sprain while he was batting and was helped by immediate attention by a physiotherapist to resume the winning match.

What are the types of injuries related to cricket?

The most common injuries related to the gentleman's game are:

How does physiotherapy help an individual?

A physiotherapist assesses your muscle strength and the range of movement in your joints and advises on techniques and exercises to bring back the mobility of your injured muscles or inflamed joints.

Physiotherapy is a physical therapy that takes care of the overall well-being of the body esp. The muscular part which is most affected when you play or exercise. Three of the main approaches a physiotherapist may use are:

  •   education and advice- tips and hacks for ensuring physical well-being of a person
  •   movement and exercise- aids and exercises to ensure good physical health
  •   manual therapy- a therapy of manual massage and body movements to relieve pain
  •   other techniques- these include acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (tens) and ultrasounds.

There are numerous sports related injuries that can be effectively treated through physiotherapy. The therapy followed is entirely dependent on the kind of injury caused due to the sport.

The physiotherapist initially asks you some questions to know about your injury, medical history, family health records, prevalent allergies, and other such related information. Based on this initial examination, your physiotherapist will design a therapy plan for a test period to see if it is working or not.

3448 people found this helpful

Esophgeal (Food Pipe) Disorders - Some Briefs About Them!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced endoscopy, Fellowship in Endoscopic Ultrasound(EUS), Observer fellowship in NBI and ESD, Fellowship in Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Bhopal
Esophgeal (Food Pipe) Disorders - Some Briefs About Them!

1. Esophagitis: Prolonged acid or bile reflux (Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD) from the stomach can cause injury to the lower esophagus and causing esophagitis. It can be either Erosive esophagitis or Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). Gastroscopy is usually recommended to document the extent of the injury. Prolonged untreated GERD can cause Barret’s esophagitis, upper GI bleeding or Cancer of the food pipe. Diagnosis usually involves Gastroscopy, 24 hours Phmetry and Esophageal manometry. Medical treatment is very effective and cures almost 100% of patients. Many endoscopic methods are available for the treatment of GERD such as GERDX, Stretta, ARMS etc. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is the surgical treatment for GERD.

2. Difficulty in swallowing food (Dysphagia): It can be due to oesophagal stricture, cancer, webs, or motility disorders. Strictures require dilatation by SG dilators. Motility disorders are diagnosed by esophageal manometry.

1264 people found this helpful

Gastric Problems - Effective Ways To Deal With Them!

Dr.Sunaina Rohatgi 91% (107ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Delhi
Gastric Problems - Effective Ways To Deal With Them!

Excessive gas can be defined as bloating, belching, flatulence and burping. It does not matter what you call it but what matters is how you treat it and get relieved from the embarrassing symptoms. 

Here are some ways in which you can avoid gastric problems:

1. Avoid eating foods that can cause gas or acidity. The vegetables which are known to cause acidity are Brussels, onions, garlic and broccoli; dairy products like cheese, milk, ice cream and whole grains can cause acidity. The reason is that these products have fiber, starch and sugar which cannot be digested easily thus causing pain in the intestines. Fruit which contains sorbitol and aerated drinks should also be avoided. Eat everything but in moderation.

2. Avoid drinking before meals as the stomach acids are lost and the food cannot be digested well. Water and liquids should be had half an hour after a meal for better digestion.

3. Food should be eaten slowly. Eating and drinking fast allows a lot of air to go in the stomach with the food. This, in turn, can cause stomach pain.

4. Over the counter, drugs can be taken for immediate help in digestion. These medicines contain enzymes which aid in digestion. The enzyme works to dissolve the sugar that is found in many vegetable and fruit.

5. Do not fill air in the stomach. Some habits like chewing gum, drinking from a straw, smoking causes the air to fill in the stomach, thereby, leading to gas.

6. Artificial sweeteners such as Sorbitol should be avoided as these are difficult to digest and can easily lead to a feeling of bloating. 

However, all the pains might not be due to gas and could be a sign of something serious. These could be:

1. Lactose intolerance: This is the inability to digest milk and milk products. The sugar in the milk known as lactose and cannot be digested easily. 

2. Irritable bowel syndrome: People who suffer with pain in the lower abdomen constantly might be suffering from IBS.

3. Colon cancer: If the pain lasts too long then getting a screening done is a good idea to rule out if one is suffering from colon cancer or not.

4. Upper gastrointestinal disorders: If one gets belching occasionally then it is alright but constant belching might be a sign of gastrointestinal disorder in the upper tract. These could be gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastroparesis, or peptic ulcers.

1708 people found this helpful

GERD - How To Track It?

Dr.Shivam Malhotra 92% (90ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, Sleep Medicine(Training)
General Physician, Bhopal
GERD - How To Track It?

Are you experiencing frequent and extended heartburn on a regular basis? This might indicate that you are having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It is a type of digestive disorder that affects your lower esophageal sphincters. The condition involves the return of the stomach’s content back to your esophagus. Although heartburns are common, GERD involves chronic heartburns, which require adequate treatment.

Here the some important reasons why you should not ignore the symptoms of GERD:

  1. Esophagitis: In the case of GERD, the food, acid and digestive juices flow back from the stomach to the esophagus. This leads to irritation and swelling with time, which is called esophagitis. In case you have acid exposure in your esophagus for a few weeks, inflammation of the lining is indicated. This can be very painful and uncomfortable, making the esophagus more prone to scarring and further erosion.
  2. Esophageal stricture: If esophagitis continues for a long time, scar tissues can lead to the narrowing of the esophagus. This is known as a stricture, which makes swallowing very difficult and painful. Large chunks of food may get stuck and you are more likely to choke while eating or drinking. You may tend to avoid food and water because of esophageal stricture, which may result in weight loss.
  3. Throat and voice problemsApart from heartburn, several other symptoms may also appear because of GERD. These are called cases of silent reflux where you may not experience heartburn. Instead, other issues are indicated which include voice hoarseness, voice changes, sore throat and chronic coughing.
  4. Breathing problemsIf stomach acid is inhaled after regurgitation, the symptoms of asthma and pneumonia may worsen because of GERD. Shortness of breath and breathing difficulties are likely, even without any lung problem.
  5. Tooth decayWhen the stomach acids and digestive juices go back to the esophagus and into the mouth, it leaves a sour taste. In case it occurs frequently, it wears away your tooth enamel and results in tooth decay. People experiencing acid reflux-induced erosion may be unaware of the damage being caused until it reaches peak stages.
  6. Esophageal ulcers: Stomach acid may result in the wearing away of the esophageal lining, resulting in ulcers and sores. These esophageal ulcers are different from stomach ulcers, which occur from bacteria. Patients with esophageal ulcers may vomit blood, and notice blood in the stool. It is usually darker than its usual shade and may have the texture of coffee ground like particles.

It is important for you to visit a doctor immediately after experiencing the symptoms of GERD. This condition may cause severe distress if you let it advance, and hence, early diagnosis and treatment are very important.

2527 people found this helpful

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