Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common digestive tract problem where symptoms are produced by the abnormal reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus or beyond, into the oral cavity (including larynx). Normally a band muscle fiber at the lower end of the esophagus (Lower esophageal sphincter) prevents contents of the stomach to enter into the esophagus. If the sphincter relaxes abnormally then gastric contents easily flow back into esophagus producing symptoms.
Symptoms of GERD
Heartburn (classic symptom)
Dysphagia (In long-standing disease)
Following factors can increase risk of GERD
Presence of a hiatus hernia
Spicy and fatty food
Irregular timings and large amount of meals
Factors causing delayed gastric emptying
Associated conditions that can increase GERD
Empirical trial of acid suppression
24 Hour Esophageal pH monitoring
Lifestyle modification like weight reduction, discontinue smoking & alcohol intake, dietary changes, etc.
Pharmacological therapy – acid-suppressing medications, prokinetic drugs
Endoscopic therapy – anti-reflux mucosectomy (ARMS procedure), Stretta procedure
Surgical therapy – Fundoplication
In case you have any concern or query, you can always consult an expert and get answers to you questions.