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Genetic Disorders Tips

Causes And Treatment Of Uterine Fibroids!

MBBS, Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Causes And Treatment Of Uterine Fibroids!

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyoma or myoma, are benign growths on the uterus, occurring mostly during the years of childbearing. Few of the common symptoms of fibroids are leg pain or backache, constipation, difficulty in emptying the bladder, frequent urination, pain or pressure in the pelvic region, menstrual periods stretching over a week and excessive menstrual bleeding.

Causes:

  1. Certain genetic changes of the uterus which are different from the ones normally present in the muscle cells of the uterus can cause this disorder.

  2. Certain hormones such as progesterone and estrogen that prepare the body for pregnancy are even responsible for triggering the development of fibroids.

  3. Substances which help the body maintain its tissues trigger fibroid growth as well.

  4. Family history, excessive consumption of alcohol and red meat while going low on foods such as dairy products, fruits, green vegetables and vitamin D, obesity, usage of birth control pills and early onset of the menstruation cycle are other factors that may escalate the risks of one suffering from fibroids.

Treatment:

  1. Be careful and take a closer look: Fibroids are fundamentally non-cancerous and they hardly interfere with pregnancy. Often, they do not exhibit notable symptoms and are prone to shrinkage after menopause. Hence giving them and yourself some time might be the best option.

  2. Medications generally aim at the hormones controlling the menstrual cycle and treating symptoms such as pelvic pressure and excessive menstrual bleeding. However, they do not treat fibroids completely but work towards contracting them. They include-

    • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists to block estrogen and progesterone production

    • Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) to alleviate severe bleeding caused due to fibroids

    • Tranexamic acid to ease excessive menstrual periods

    • Progestins or oral contraceptives to regulate menstrual bleeding

    • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to ease pain associated with fibroids

Surgeries to Treat Fibroids:

Depending on symptoms and whether medical therapy has failed, the patient may have to undergo surgery. The following surgical procedures may be considered:

  1. Hysterectomy: removing the uterus. This is only considered if the fibroids are very large, or if the patient is bleeding too much. Hysterectomies are sometimes an option to prevent fibroids coming back.

  2. Myomectomy: fibroids are surgically removed from the wall of the uterus. This option is more popular for women who want to get pregnant.

  3. Endometrial ablation: removing the lining of the uterus. This procedure may be used if the patient's fibroids are near the inner surface of the uterus; it is considered an effective alternative to a hysterectomy.

  4. UAE (Uterine artery embolization): this treatment cuts off the fibroid's blood supply, effectively shrinking the fibroid.

  5. Magnetic-resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery: an MRI scan locates the fibroids, and sound waves are used to shrink the fibroids.

Latest Advancements:

Mifepristone: It, also known as RU-486, reduces heavy menstrual bleeding and imporves fibroid-specific quality of life. It competitively binds and inhibitsprogesterone receptors.

Ulipristal acetate: It is a progesterone receptor modulator that acts as a postcoital contraceptive. As progesterone promotes the growth of uterine fibroids, blocking its receptor may reduce their size.

3465 people found this helpful

Leucoderma - Know More About It!

B.A.M.S.
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai

Leucoderma is a genetic disorder triggered due to stress, irregular life style and constipation.

Screening For Thalassemia Trait!

Dr. Shruti Kakkar 89% (17 ratings)
MBBS
Hematologist, Ludhiana
Screening For Thalassemia Trait!

Thalassemia major is a genetic disorder. Patients suffering from thalassemia major currently need life long blood transfusion and iron chelation.  The only curative option available is bone marrow transplant which is not available to everyone due to lack of a matched donor. 
Every year, nearly 10,000 new thalassemia major patients are born in our country. The best way to prevent thalassemia major is to get yourself and your partner screened for thalassemia trait. 
Ask for thalassemia test today!
 

What Causes Hunter Syndrome?

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Causes Hunter Syndrome?

What is Hunter syndrome?

Hunter syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that occurs when an enzyme your body needs is either missing or malfunctioning. It is an inherited condition.

Symptoms of Hunter syndrome-

  • Stunted growth, usually after age 4 or 5
  • Sleep apnea
  • Joint stiffness
  • Diarrhea
  • Large head
  • Runny nose
  • Colds
  • An enlarged abdomen
  • Frequent ear infections
  • Respiratory infections
  • Heart disease
  • Breathing problems while sleeping
  • Limited lung capacity
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome
  • Short stature
  • Pebbly, ivory-colored skin lesions on upper arms, legs, and upper back
  • Developmental delays

Causes of Hunter syndrome-

It occurs when an enzyme that’s needed to break down complex sugars called glycosaminoglycans is missing or malfunctioning.

Risk factors of Hunter syndrome-

  • Family history
  • Being a male

Complications of Hunter syndrome-

  • Respiratory complications
  • Cardiac complications
  • Skeletal and connective tissue complications
  • Brain and nervous system complications

Diagnosis of Hunter syndrome-

Diagnosis of Hunter syndrome involves the following tests:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Tissue sample tests
  • Prenatal testing

 Precautions & Prevention of Hunter syndrome-

Talk to your doctor or a genetic counselor if you’re thinking about having children.

Treatment of Hunter syndrome

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Other Treatment of Hunter syndrome

Homeopathic Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Homeopathy relieves the complaints and improves function as it stimulates healthy development of tissues and organs. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of Hunter’s Syndrome are:

  • Bar C
  • Calc
  • Calc P
  • Silicea
  • Sulph

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Acupuncture improves the physiological function of the organs and organ system.

In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.   

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome-

Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome includes the medications to improve sleep such as melatonin. If your child has seizures, your doctor may prescribe anticonvulsant medications.

Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome-

Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome involves one of the following surgeries:

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Surgery to replace heart valves
  • Surgery to repair hernias
  • Surgery to drain excess fluids around brain or remove built-up tissue

 

General Anxiety Disorder!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
General Anxiety Disorder!

What is General Anxiety Disorder?

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common anxiety disorder that involves chronic worrying, nervousness, and tension. It’s possible to develop generalized anxiety disorder as a child or as an adult.

Symptoms of General Anxiety Disorder-

  • Constant worrying or obsession about small or large concerns
  • Inability to relax
  • Difficulty concentrating or focusing on things
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Shortness of breath
  • Muscle tension or muscle aches
  • Trembling, feeling twitchy or being easily startled
  • Trouble falling asleep
  • Sweating, nausea or diarrhea

Causes of General Anxiety Disorder-

  • Imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain
  • Stress
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Heart disease
  • Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
  • Menopause

Risk factors of General Anxiety Disorder-

  • Genetics
  • Childhood trauma
  • Being female
  • Sleep deprivation, sleep inconsistency
  • Drug or alcohol abuse
  • Serious illness, such as cancer

 Complications of General Anxiety Disorder-

  • Depression
  • Substance abuse
  • Negative effects on work and relationships
  • Suicide
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Digestive or bowel problems
  • Headaches
  • Teeth grinding (bruxism

Diagnosis of General Anxiety Disorder-

Diagnosis of general anxiety disorder consists of detailed questions about your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may also do a physical examination to look for signs that your anxiety might be linked to an underlying medical condition. In some cases, mental health providers use psychological questionnaires to help identify what’s going on.

Precautions & Prevention of General Anxiety Disorder-

  • You can reduce anxiety by carefully managing your time and energy
  • Avoid unhealthy substance use
  • Get early treatment

Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
  • Surgical Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
  • Other Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Homeopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder=

Homeopathy is excellent safe natural and effective treatment of anxiety. Homeopathic remedies are helpful in both physical and psychological complaints of anxiety. It reduces the feeling of nervousness, restlessness, weakness, trembling, and mental dullness. There are several homeopathic remedies for anxiety disorder.

  • Aconitum
  • Argentum nit
  • Arsenicum alb
  • Gelsemium
  • Lycopodium
  • Natrum mur

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder-

Acupuncture uses sterile, disposable, single-use, and hair thin needles which are inserted into points on the body that have scientifically and empirically validated therapeutic effects on the brain, nervous system, blood circulation, internal organs, and hormones. The acupuncture session would target those areas and balance Qi, thereby resulting in stress relief.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder-

Two common forms of psychotherapy utilized for treatment of anxiety disorders are behavioral and cognitive therapy. The therapist will help the patient to combat undesirable behaviors which often come hand in hand with anxiety. in cognitive therapy, the therapist helps the patient to adapt his or her problematic thought patterns into those which are healthier. Hypnotherapy has excellent record in curing anxiety. It calms mind and works on deep subconscious mind to effectively cure anxieties.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder-

Different types of medications that are used to treat generalized anxiety disorder are Antidepressants such as Paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft) and venlafaxine (Effexor). These medications influence the activity of brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) thought to play a role in anxiety disorders.

1 person found this helpful

Geographic Tongue!

MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Geographic Tongue!

 

What is Geographic tongue?

Geographic tongue is a benign condition that affects the surface of your tongue. Geographic tongue is also known as benign migratory glossitis. It is a map-like appearance of your tongue due to irregular patches on its surface.

Symptoms of Geographic tongue-

  • Map-like appearance to the surface of the tongue
  • Smooth, red patches and sores (lesions) on the tongue
  • Frequent changes in the location, size and shape of lesions
  • Pain or burning sensation

Causes of Geographic tongue-

The cause of geographic tongue is unknown.

 Risk factors of Geographic tongue-

Diagnosis of Geographic tongue-

Diagnosis of Geographic tongue involves the physical examination of your tongue. Tests are usually not needed.

Precautions & Prevention of Geographic tongue

  • Avoid hot, spicy, acidic or salty foods
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco products

Treatment of Geographic tongue-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Geographic tongue
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Geographic tongue
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Geographic tongue
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Geographic tongue
  • Surgical Treatment of Geographic tongue
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Geographic tongue
  • Other Treatment of Geographic tongue

Treatment of Geographic tongue 

Homeopathic Treatment of Geographic Tongue-

Homeopathy treats pain and patches on tongue. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of geographic tongue are:

  • Am mur
  • Cham
  • Tarax
  • Manc
  • Ars alb

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Geographic tongue-

Allopathic Treatment of Geographic tongue involves the following medications:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Antihistamine mouth rinses
  • Mouth rinses with an anesthetic
  • Corticosteroid ointments or rinses

 

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Geographic tongue-

  • Avoid drinking tea and coffee
  • Eat more of fiber rich foods such as cereals, spinach and fresh vegetables
  • Eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals
  • Drink plenty of water, fruits juice and other healthy liquids

Other Treatment of Geographic tongue-

Use a little water and baking soda to create a thick paste that should be used to brush your teeth and tongue until everything clears up.

Dyscalculia - Are You Suffering From Any Of These Symptoms?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Dyscalculia - Are You Suffering From Any Of These Symptoms?

At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person’s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself.

Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words).

The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows:

  1. Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting.
  2. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions.
  3. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time.
  4. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables.
  5. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem.
  6. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations.
  7. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers.

It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment.

The treatment of Dyscalculia might include:

  1. You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework.
  2. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner.
  3. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets.
  4. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem. 
2576 people found this helpful

Down Syndrome - How It Should Be Dealt With?

MBBS, MD-Pediatrics, DM - Medical Genetics
Geneticist, Gurgaon
Down Syndrome - How It Should Be Dealt With?

Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder resulting from chromosomal aberration. Usually, a person is born with 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 chromosomes in total). In the case of a Down Syndrome, there is a total of 47 chromosomes (an extra complete or partial chromosome appearing in the 21st pair). This extra chromosome is the main wrecker in chief that triggers the behavioral and developmental alterations characteristic of Down Syndrome.

Depending on the distribution of the chromosome during cell division, Down Syndrome may be triggered by three conditions

  • Trisomy 21: One of the most common causes of Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21 is characterized by the presence of an extra chromosome in chromosome 21.
  • Translocation Down syndrome: As the name suggests, here a part of the chromosome 21 translocates itself to some other chromosome. There will be no trisomy on chromosome 21. However, there will be extra genetic material resulting from the chromosome containing the translocated portion of chromosome 21.
  • Mosaic Down Syndrome: This is a rare condition where some cells will have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) while few others will have 47 chromosomes (trisomy 21).

Symptoms characteristic of Down Syndrome
Some of the symptoms synonymous to Down Syndrome include

  • The face appears flattened with a short mouth and a protruding tongue.
  • The ears, neck, arms, and legs are shorter than usual.
  • Children and adults with Down Syndrome usually have a short stature.
  • The muscles also lack proper tone.
  • Children with Down Syndrome are often found to have impaired cognitive ability. The condition also affects the memory, both short, as well as long-term.

Managing a child with Down Syndrome
No parent would ever want their child to suffer from Down Syndrome. Along with the medications and therapies, as a parent, you should also be prepared to manage the situation well.

  • The situation is by no means easy for you, but if you get weak or panic, things will only go from bad to worse. Thus, you need to be strong.
  • Be in constant touch with the attending physician to know the progress of your child.
  • If your child is still very young, get them enrolled in the special enhancement programs. These programs play a significant role in improving the language, motor movements, as well as developing the various self-help skills in the Down Syndrome children.
  • Connect with families dealing with identical situations. Discussing your problems with them or learning about theirs can help in better management.
  • Your concern for the child is understood but do not snatch their independence. Give them the freedom they deserve. They might make mistakes, but it will help build their confidence.
  • If the situation demands, get your child admitted to schools which are specially designed for such children.
  • Do not keep your child confined within the four walls of the home. Take them outside. Let them interact with people. Indulge in family outings and get-togethers.
  • The situation may be difficult but not impossible. Have faith and do what is in your hands.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3060 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Helps Manage Autoimmune Disorders?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Kottayam
How Ayurveda Helps Manage Autoimmune Disorders?

When the immune system of the body reacts against the tissues of its own body, it is called an autoimmune disorder. To put it more dramatically, the body becomes its own enemy. The immune system of your body keeps fighting disease causing germs and bacteria, but in rare cases, the immune system might malfunction and fight its own body causing different disorders. These disorders may be caused due to genetic issues or due to mutations. According to ayurveda, autoimmune disorders are a result of constant unhealthy lifestyle and diet. Ayurveda works at the root cause of the disease where it starts treating the malfunctioning immune system.

Here is how ayurveda treats autoimmune disorders:

  1. Toxin removal: Ayurveda starts working on removing the toxins from the body. According to ayurveda, toxins or ama in the body interfere with the proper functioning of the immune system, which often leads to autoimmune diseases. Usually shunthi, haritaki, pippali, maricha, hingu and saindhav lavan are used to detoxify the body.
  2. Metabolism correction: Not only will ayurveda detoxify the body, but it will also correct the metabolism which gets messed up when afflicted with an autoimmune disorder. Neem, guggulu, guduchi, vasa, patola patra and ghrita are used to correct the metabolism.
  3. Increase in ojus production: Ojus is the component which helps in the nourishment of the immune system. It is generally received from the food you eat. Due to dysfunctional immune system causing the impairment of metabolism, production of ojas decreases to almost nil. Hence ayurveda increases its production. Guduchi, haridra, manjishtha, amalaki, nirgundi, yashtimadhu and pippali are used to increase ojha production.
  4. Immune system correction: Lastly, ayurveda works at correcting the immune system. If the immune system is not corrected, then the above treatment procedure will just be useless. Ghrita, haritaki, bahera, amalaki, ela and dadim are used generally to calm the immune system and rejuvenate it. They help correct the immune system for normal functioning.

Autoimmune disorders may not be easily treated, but that doesn't mean you cannot expect it to cure or witness a miracle. You just need some faith and confidence alongside proper treatment and you are ready to roll. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

3556 people found this helpful

4 Ayurvedic Ways To Treat Autoimmune Disorders!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Nashik
4 Ayurvedic Ways To Treat Autoimmune Disorders!

When the immune system of the body reacts against the tissues of its own body, it is called an autoimmune disorder. To put it more dramatically, the body becomes its own enemy. The immune system of your body keeps fighting disease causing germs and bacteria, but in rare cases, the immune system might malfunction and fight its own body causing different disorders. These disorders may be caused due to genetic issues or due to mutations. According to ayurveda, autoimmune disorders are a result of constant unhealthy lifestyle and diet. Ayurveda works at the root cause of the disease where it starts treating the malfunctioning immune system.

Here is how ayurveda treats autoimmune disorders:

  1. Toxin removal: Ayurveda starts working on removing the toxins from the body. According to ayurveda, toxins or ama in the body interfere with the proper functioning of the immune system, which often leads to autoimmune diseases. Usually shunthi, haritaki, pippali, maricha, hingu and saindhav lavan are used to detoxify the body.
  2. Metabolism correction: Not only will ayurveda detoxify the body, but it will also correct the metabolism which gets messed up when afflicted with an autoimmune disorder. Neem, guggulu, guduchi, vasa, patola patra and ghrita are used to correct the metabolism.
  3. Increase in ojus production: Ojus is the component which helps in the nourishment of the immune system. It is generally received from the food you eat. Due to dysfunctional immune system causing the impairment of metabolism, production of ojas decreases to almost nil. Hence ayurveda increases its production. Guduchi, haridra, manjishtha, amalaki, nirgundi, yashtimadhu and pippali are used to increase ojha production.
  4. Immune system correction: Lastly, ayurveda works at correcting the immune system. If the immune system is not corrected, then the above treatment procedure will just be useless. Ghrita, haritaki, bahera, amalaki, ela and dadim are used generally to calm the immune system and rejuvenate it. They help correct the immune system for normal functioning.

Autoimmune disorders may not be easily treated, but that doesn't mean you cannot expect it to cure or witness a miracle. You just need some faith and confidence alongside proper treatment and you are ready to roll. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

5128 people found this helpful
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