What is gallstone surgery?
It is surgical removal of the gallstone from the gallbladder. It is also known as cholelithotomy.
What are the Statistics of the surgery?
Approximately 90% of patients who seek treatment undergo surgery to remove the stones and the gallbladder.
What is the role of gallstone surgery?
Gallstones which are asymptomatic generally don’t need surgical removal. Treatment depends on the size and location of the gallstones. Surgery to remove the entire gallbladder with all its stones is usually the best treatment, and it is done in patients who can tolerate the procedure.
What are the indications for gallstone surgery?
Indications for gallstone surgery are as follows:
How is the surgery performed?
The following surgeries are done in patients who are found to have cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis:
What are the complications of surgery?
Following are the most common complications of surgery:
The word 'surgery' is often dreaded by patients. Be it an invasive surgery or a keyhole gallbladder surgery, it does not evoke a ready "yes" in most patients. There are too many patients who are ready to be on long-term medications if they could avoid the surgery and its complications. While there could be a scar. The one feared by most is the postoperative pain. After the effect of the anesthetic wears off patients fear pain and discomfort. The trick is to prepare oneself - not just for the surgery but for the after effects.
Before the surgery, a detailed discussion with the surgeon on the following issues may be helpless:
After the surgery, the following are some ways to cope with the pain:
A given patient and a given surgery are a unique combination. No two patients will react the same way to a particular surgery. Postsurgical pain can be managed very effectively with a little planning.