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Foot Pain Tips

Plantars Fasciitis - How To Deal With It?

Plantars Fasciitis - How To Deal With It?

Plantars Fasciitis is an orthopaedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel. Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain.

-Rest: Taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area. 

-Supportive Footwear: Using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific foot wear that help in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with Plantars Fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for the feet. These also give your heel and its arch good support, while Orthotics pull at the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and this ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep.

-Exercise: Indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretches and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area.

-Pain Killers: Use pain killers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or Orthopaedic specialist. The use of Ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief.

-Anti Inflammatory Drugs: Your doctor may prescribe anti inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain.

-Surgery: Heel spur removal or plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases.

Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor.

Bunions - How Can Podiatry Help In Its Treatment?

Bunions - How Can Podiatry Help In Its Treatment?

A bunion is a very common problem in foot related problems or in podiatry. A bunion appears as a bump on the outer side of the big toe. It is a result of a bone abnormality. It misaligns the toes by bending the big toe in the direction of the other toes.

The condition may be painful but sometimes it does not feel any different. However, the resultant misalignment of the toes causes problems in walking. This eventually gets painful. If not treated, the resultant deformity can be permanent.

Causes - 

Bunions can be caused by any of the following factors and sometimes, due to unknown reasons:

  • Genetic condition.

  • Flat foot.

  • Excessively flexible ligaments.

  • Changes in the bone structure.

  • Diabetes.

  • Wrong footwear.

  • Excessive pressure on the feet.

  • Arthritis.

Symptoms -

How to figure out that a bunion is forming before it is already present in all its bumpy glory? Here’s how:

  • Noticing inflammation and redness on the outside of the big toe.

  • A slight change in the direction of the tip of the big toe.

  • Thickening of skin under the big toe.

  • Calluses on the second toe.

  • Foot pain.

  • Rigidity or pain while moving the big toe.

Diagnosis -

Bunions can be diagnosed visually alone because all the symptoms are very clear and they do not overlap with other conditions. The physical examination will involve sensation around the toes, their mobility, and the intensity of pain.

Blood tests can be conducted to figure out the cause of the bunion, be it arthritis, diabetes, or something else.

X-rays are done to locate the exact stage of the deformity and the condition of the foot bones.

Treatment -

Bunions can be treated surgically. Bunionectomy is the commonest surgical option. It involves removing some parts of the bone or swollen tissues to restore the shape of the toes and feet. Total recovery takes about 8 weeks but the patient can walk on the same day.

However, surgical treatment is still the last resort. Non-surgical podiatric treatment is recommended and usually, it works. Some of the ways include:

  • Wearing footwear specially made for bunions. It helps ease the pain and prevent further deformity.

  • Using HAV night splint to stretch the adductor halluces muscle.

  • Physiotherapy to strengthen the adductor hallucis muscles.

  • Orthoses to control abnormal movement.

  • Physician tape to keep the toes in place preventing further misalignment and pain.

  • Pain relief with acetaminophen is recommended over ibuprofen or naproxen.

  • Arch support or padding to protect the bunions.

  • Ice packs and Epsom salt to relieve the inflammation.

Bunions can be cured, but in some cases, the deformity is already permanent. Depending on the progress of the podiatric treatment in combination with lifestyle changes to reduce pressure and pain, surgery may or may not be required.

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How To Deal With Foot Pain Due To Diabetes?

How To Deal With Foot Pain Due To Diabetes?

If you have numbness or tingling sensation in your feet, then you could be suffering from diabetic peripheral neuropathy. It can have an impact on your sleep, mood and overall quality of life. Besides taking the prescribed medications, there are effective ways of dealing with foot pain stemming from high blood sugar as explained below.

  1. Taking over-the-counter medicines: Medicines such as aspirin, naproxen, acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help to serve mild to moderate pain stemming from diabetic nerve damage. But before taking these medicines, you should consult with an expert since they can raise the risk of heart attack and kidney problems.
  2. Quit smoking: Smoking may cause the blood vessels to constrict and impair the circulation. This indicates that the peripheral nerves will not get an adequate amount of nutrient-rich blood which can pave the way for more pain.
  3. Have control over your blood sugar levels: With the passage of time, the excess blood sugar levels can cause damage the peripheral nerves. When you have blood sugar levels within a healthy range, you can substantially reduce your risk of nerve damage. You should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy and whole grains.
  4. Take more Vitamin DEven though it is hard to get the desired 600 IU of this vitamin from food, you can get it in the form of supplement. A study found that people with diabetic neuropathy can take the supplement once in a week to curb the symptoms of feet pain. Vitamin B complex plays a crucial role in improving nerve health. You should get it in right amounts so that the brain can produce certain chemicals which are required for sending information through the body channels.
  5. Take Alpha-lipoic acid supplement: The human body has the natural ability to produce little amounts of antioxidants. When you take them in recommended quantities it can regulate the blood sugar levels and ease the pain in the feet and palms. A per a study, people taking more than 600 milligrams of antioxidants on a regular basis experienced 19 percent improvement in the diabetic neuropathy symptoms within 5 weeks.
  6. Indulge in daily workouts: Regular workout can help you to combat pain in a variety of ways. It can regulate the blood sugar levels and slow down nerve damage. Exercise can surge the flow of blood to the legs and arms and it can also enliven your mood and offer relief from stress.

Note that a nerve damage can lead to loss of sensation in the feet which means that you may not realize any cut or scratch in your feet until much later which could prove fatal. Hence it is essential for you to prevent the loss of sensation. Using the methods suggested above you can deal with the foot pain related to diabetes.

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Plantars Fasciitis - Can Painkillers Help?

Plantars Fasciitis - Can Painkillers Help?

Plantars Fasciitis is an orthopaedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel. Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain.

-Rest: Taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain-inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area. 

-Supportive Footwear: Using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific footwear that helps in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with Plantars Fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for the feet. These also give your heel and its arch good support, while Orthotics pull at the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and this ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep.

-Exercise: Indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretches and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area.

-Pain Killers: Use painkillers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or Orthopaedic specialist. The use of Ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain-inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief.

-Anti Inflammatory Drugs: Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain.

-Surgery: Heel spur removal or plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases.

Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor.

Plantars Fasciiti - How To Deal With It?

Plantars Fasciiti - How To Deal With It?

Plantars Fasciitis is an orthopaedic problem that gives rise to pain in the foot and heel due to strain or pressure on the plantar fascia. This is a ligament or connective tissue which lies in a flat band, connecting your heel with the toes and effectively, providing a basis for motion of the feet in general. Inflammation, swelling and bruising of this tissue or ligament can lead to excessive pain in the heel.

Let us look at ways that can help you deal with this pain :

1) Rest

Taking rest and giving your feet a break from all kinds of strain inducing activities can help in relieving the pain. Also, you can keep your feet elevated to help in reducing the pain in the area. 

2) Supportive Footwear

Using pads within your shoes with gel built into them, or using specific foot wear that help in walking without feeling too much of pain is a good way of dealing with Plantars Fasciitis. The shoe inserts must be rubber, felt or plastic so that they are soft for the feet. These also give your heel and its arch good support, while Orthotics pull at the ligament so that there is less stress on the same. You can also pull on a pair of night flints which will keep the foot and this ligament stretched while you enjoy a good night of sleep.

3) Exercise

Indulging in mild muscle strengthening exercise that also involves stretches and heel hooks can help in alleviating chronic pain that you may be suffering from. Lie flat on your back and take a towel. Lift your leg and hook your foot into it. Now press against the towel and pull down the towel simultaneously. Repeat at least ten times per foot. This will give you flexibility and strength in the area.

4) Pain Killers

Use pain killers only when absolutely necessary and with due advice from the doctor or Orthopaedic specialist. The use of Ibuprofen and other pain relievers can help in numbing the pain inducing nerves in the brain and give you instant relief.

5) Anti Inflammatory Drugs

Your doctor may prescribe anti inflammatory medication that can bring down the swelling for more comfortable functioning when you are on your feet. Naproxen is one such drug that helps in bringing down the inflammation. Also, corticosteroid injections can relieve severe pain.

6) Surgery

Heel spur removal or plantar fascia release are some of the surgical options for chronic and severe cases.

Taking care of your feet is a matter of ensuring that you look into the slightest discomfort and report the same to a doctor.

Feet Pain - How To Handle It?

Feet Pain - How To Handle It?

Are you experiencing pain in your feet? Are you having difficulty with mobility because of it? Feet pain is a very common form of pain affecting people of different age groups. This type of pain may occur anywhere in the foot such as the heel, toe, sole, arch or ankle. Several factors like old age, wearing defective shoe, certain fractures, mineral deficiency, diabetes and other conditions lead to feet pain.

Here are some tips you should follow to get the feet pain under control:

  1. Hot and cold water therapy: Hot and cold water therapy is quite effective in treating feet pain. The hot water treatment promotes blood flow while the cold water treatment reduces inflammation. Fill a bucket with cold water and another one with hot water. Dip your feet in hot water for three minutes and then dip it in cold water. Repeat this process three to four times and end with a cold water dip. You can also opt for a heat pad and ice pack, to be used alternately.
  2. Epsom salt: Epsom salt soothes the feet and gives instant relief from several types of feet pain. Epsom salt is made of magnesium and helps in relaxing the feet by reducing pain. Add three spoons of Epsom salt in a warm water tub and soak your feet in it for at least 20 minutes.
  3. Ice: Ice therapy is very effective in reducing pain and swelling in the feet. Add crushed ice in a plastic bag and massage the affected area of your feet with it in a circular motion. A bag of frozen vegetables in a plastic bag can be used as well. The cold temperature numbs the nerve endings in the affected area, thereby giving relief. Swelling is also reduced because of this.
  4. Footwear modifications: Footwear modifications make a huge difference in the pain. You may need custom made footwear or sometimes ready-made insoles. Regular stretches of the foot and calf muscles are also helpful.

Feet pain can also be treated by medications of several types prescribed by a doctor. However, the natural remedies are quite effective as they do not cause any side effect or extra risk to the body.

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Flat Foot Pain - How To Tackle It?

Flat Foot Pain - How To Tackle It?

Excessive and persistent pain in the feet, as well as the ankle joints, could point at the existence of a condition known as flat foot pain. This happens due to the difference between a normal foot and a flat foot. While a normal foot will have an upward arch under the foot, right in the middle, the flat foot does not have such support. This arch is usually formed by the tendons and ligaments that help in rendering support to the foot as well as stabilising the rest of the body. When these tendons and ligaments become weak, the arch begins to diminish before finally disappearing, which leaves the patient with a flat foot.

This can be a painful condition. Let us look at the ways in which it may be cured.

  1. Foot Wear: When you are suffering from this condition, it is important to wear comfortable and supportive footwear like shoes, sandals and slippers which can support the arch and help in giving stability to the rest of the body. Besides looking for shoes that will provide the right amount of comfort, one can also use additional support like insoles that will help in giving comfort while you are walking, standing or running.
  2. Orthotics: These are tools that can be recommended by your doctor in order to help in minimising the pressure that one feels in the foot. The orthotics usually distribute this pressure by giving much needed additional support to the arch of the foot. These tools also help in realigning the foot’s ankle with its bones as well as the joints, which can help in successfully treating this condition to a great extent. They are usually customised as per your exact foot shape and size, as well as the problem you are facing so that you have plenty of support when you are using your feet for varied activities.
  3. Arch inserts and wraps: If your normal shoes are lacking the arch support that you require for flat feet, then you can also invest in arch inserts and wraps which will reduce the pain and prevent it from reoccurring. Also, these will help you to remain standing or walking for longer periods of time, as they add that extra bit of support to your feet for normal functioning.
  4. Surgery: If the various non-surgical treatments do not help you over a period of a few months, then it may be time to speak with your podiatrist or orthopaedic specialist so that you can go in for a surgery that will fix this problem. This kind of surgery will help in stabilising the feet and ankle bones by applying corrective foot support.
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एथलीट फुट के लक्षण, कारण, इलाज - Athlete's Foot Ke Lakshan, Karan, Ilaj!

एथलीट फुट के लक्षण, कारण, इलाज - Athlete's Foot Ke Lakshan, Karan, Ilaj!

एथलीट फुट (टिनिया पेडीस) एक कवक संक्रामक रोग है. इस रोग की शुरुवात आमतौर पर पैर की उंगलियों के बीच से होता है. आपको बता दें कि एथलीट फुट (टिनिया पेडीस) आमतौर पर उन लोगों में होता है जिनके पैर तंग-फिटिंग जूते के भीतर ही सीमित होते हैं. जाहीर है कि ऐसे में इन लोगों के पैर में बहुत पसीना आयेगा. फिर यही पसीने और उँगलियों की संकीर्णता आगे चलकर इस बीमारी के जन्म का कारण बनती है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम एथलीट फूट के विभिन्न आयामों पर एक नजर डालें ताकि इसे लेकर लोगों की जानकारी में वृद्धि हो सके.

कैसे फैलता है एथलीट फुट (टिनिया पेडीस)-

एथलीट फुट के लक्षणों में त्वचा पर दाने आना शामिल होता है. जिसमें आमतौर पर खुजली, चुभन और जलन होती है. यह एक संक्रामक बिमारी है जो दूषित फर्श, तौलिए या कपड़ों के माध्यम से फैल सकता है. एथलीट्स फुट अन्य कवक संक्रमणों से भी संबंधित है, जैसे कि दाद और जॉक खुजली. इसका उपचार ओवर-द-काउंटर एंटिफंगल दवाओं के साथ किया जा सकता है, लेकिन संक्रमण बार-बार हो सकता है. डॉक्टर द्वारा निर्धारित की गई दवाएं भी उपलब्ध हैं.

एथलीट फुट के कारण-

एथलीट फुट का कारण दाद और जोक खुजली फैलाने वाला कवक होता है. इस कवक के विकास को बढ़ावा देने में गीले मोज़े या नम मौसम सबसे ज्यादा जिम्मेदार होते हैं. एथलीट फुट संक्रामक है और प्रभावित व्यक्ति के संपर्क में आने से या दूषित तौलिये, फर्श या जूतों के माध्यम से भी फेल सकता है. आपको एथलीट फुट होने का जोखिम हो सकता है, अगर आप :
* एक आदमी हैं
* बार-बार नम्म मोज़ो या जूतों का इस्तेमाल करते हैं
* किसी कवक रोग से प्रभावित व्यक्ति की बिस्तर, चादर, कपड़े या जूते उपयोग करते हैं.
* अगर आप इन्फेक्शन फैलने के जोखिम वाली स्थान पर नंगे पैर चलते हैं (स्विमिंग पूल, लाकर रूम, सम्प्रदायक स्नान, सॉना, आदि)

एथलीट फुट के लक्षण-
एथलीट फुट आपकी त्वचा पर लाल चकत्ते पैदा कर देता है. यह चकत्ते आमतौर पर पैर के अँगूठों के बीच से शुरू होते हैं. चकत्तों में खुजली जूते और मोज़े उतारने के बाद और बढ़ जाती है. कुछ तरीके का एथलीट फुट छाले और अलसर की तरह दिखता है. ऐथलीट्स फुट की वजह से ड्राईनेस और पंजो की स्केलिंग भी हो सकती है जो पैर के ऊपरी ओर फैलती है. कई बार लोग इसे एक्ज़िमा या ड्राई स्किन समझने की गलती कर देते हैं. यह आपके एक या दोनों पैरों को प्रभावित कर सकता है और आपके हाथ की तरफ भी फ़ैल सकता है. विशेषतौर पर अगर आप प्रभावित क्षेत्र को छूते या खरोंचते हैं.

डॉक्टर से कब संपर्क करें?
अगर आपके पैरों पर लाल चकत्ते हों, जो हफ़्तों के सेल्फ ट्रीटमेंट के बाद भी ठीक न हो. यदि आपको डायबिटीज है और आपको एथलीट फुट होने का अंदेशा हो रहा हो या आपको अपने पैरों में अत्यधिक लाल चकत्ते, सूजन, पैरों से पानी आना या बुखार जैसे लक्षण दिखने लगें तो शीघ्र अपने डॉक्टर से संपर्क करें.

एथलीट फुट का इलाज
अगर आपका एथलीट फुट नरम है तो आपके डॉक्टर आपको ओवर-द-काउंटर एंटीफंगल मरहम, लोशन, पाउडर या स्प्रे निर्धारित कर सकते हैं. इसके बाद भी एथलीट्स फुट ठीक नहीं होता है तो आपको डॉक्टर द्वारा निर्धारित दवाइयों की आवश्कयता पड़ सकती है. गंभीर इन्फेक्शन के मामलो में, ओरल मेडिकेशन की ज़रुरत भी पड़ सकती है.

एथलीट फुट की जटिलताएं

एथलीट फुट आपके शरीर के कई हिस्सों में फ़ैल सकता है, जैसे कि :


* हाथ: - जो लोग प्रभावित क्षेत्र को छूते या खुजाते हैं, उनमे ये इन्फेक्शन हाथों में भी फ़ैल सकता है.

* नाखून: - एथलीट्स फुट से संबंधित कवक आपके पैरों के नाखून को भी प्रभावित कर सकता है. ये हिस्सा उपचार प्रतिरोधी होता है.

* आपकी ऊसन्धि: - जोक खुजली का कारण अक्सर एथलीट्स फुट फैलाने वाला कवक ही होता है. संक्रमण का पैरों से ऊसन्धि की ओर फैलना सामान्य है, क्योंकि कवक आपके तौलिये के माध्यम से फैल सकता है.

Feet Massaging - Know Merits Of It!

Feet Massaging - Know Merits Of It!

Reflexology says that foot massage aids in releasing the blocks that hold the energy from flowing through the body.

Known by the name, Padabyang in Ayurveda, the massaging of the feet at specific points have many health benefits, and at the same time, helps in the curing of some diseases as well. Ayurveda considers feet massage as a beneficial therapy that offers amazing health benefits.

What are the advantages of feet massaging at night?

Any kind of massage contributes to enhancing your well-being and feet massage is no different. The massaging of the feet at every night without fail has several benefits that are enumerated below:

  1. Relaxation: Massaging the feet at night gives a perfect relaxation and helps to cope up with the long and tiring day. It is simply a great way for the reduction of stress and to feel relaxed.
  2. Improving blood circulation: We all know that good blood circulation is an essence of maintaining good health. If blood cannot circulate freely, it may give rise to many health problems. A foot massage at a specific point before going to bed significantly helps in the improvement of the flow of blood.
  3. Good sleep: Massaging the feet at night plays a crucial role in having a good night’s sleep which is extremely beneficial for good health.
  4. Reduce PMS: Pre - Menstrual Syndrome abbreviated as PMS is a difficult battle that all women have to deal with. PMS causes a lot of pain accompanied by a lot of physical changes. To effectively deal with PMS feet massaging at night is an excellent option.
  5. Reduce pains and aches: Massaging the feet every night before going to bed is a very effective way in the reduction of various types of pains and aches of the body. A proper and regular massaging is recommended in this situation for more effective relief from pains.
  6. Good for headaches and migraines: Another amazing benefit of feet massaging at night is that it helps to give you a great relief from headaches and migraines. It gives you quick relief and most importantly without taking any medicines or having to face any other side effects.
  7. Reduces heel pain: Many experience difficulties with heel pain in the morning after waking up. Feet massage at night before going to bed is a great way for the reduction of pain in the heels. At the same time, it also helps to deal with pain from flat feet.
  8. Fights depression: A feet massage at night time also helps to fight with depression effectively, and in this case, it is recommended to give a self-massage.

Thus, a foot massage at night is highly beneficial, and Ayurveda encourages massaging with oil as the benefits are multiplied when the foot is massaged with medicated oils.

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Foot Arches - Know Forms Of Them!

Foot Arches - Know Forms Of Them!

The metatarsal and tarsal bones form two different types of arches at the bottom of the foot. These are known as the transverse and longitudinal arches. These arches act as springs and help support the body. The arch of a foot influences the person’s posture as well. Longitudinal arches can be further categorized as a medial arch, lateral arch, and fundamental longitudinal arch. The amount a person’s foot arches, can also determine the type of injuries the person is susceptible to.

Low Arch
A person with minimal foot arch is also said to be flat-footed. Up to 20% of people across the world are flat-footed. Low arches make feet very flexible and also increase the risk of making the foot roll inwards. People with low arched feet have a high risk of heel pain, plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, bunions and arch pain. It can also increase the risk of medial knee problems. Arch support and rearfoot posting can help align the foot and control over-pronation.

Medium Arch
This is an example of a biomechanically efficient foot. It can be described as a defined arch and a moderately flexible foot. The most common foot problems such as people are susceptible to are metatarsalgia and heel pain. This is triggered by wearing improper footwear. People with a medium arch in their feet should ensure that they wear footwear that fits them properly. The right footwear for a person with a medium arch has extra cushioning, good support and it absorbs shock well. This can help prevent injuries and align the body properly.

High Arch
A high arch is defined as a well-defined arch that sits higher from the ground than the average foot. This type of arch makes the foot very rigid and puts extra pressure on the forefoot and rear foot. This can affect up to 20% of the worldwide population. People with high arches have a very little surface area to absorb impact while walking or running. This can make them very susceptible to heel pain, pain in the forefoot and plantar fasciitis. It can also increase the risk of calluses, arch strain, heel pain syndrome, and claw toes. The good news is that it can be treated. Wearing shoes with the right arch support, good cushioning, and metatarsal pads to provide forefoot relief can help disperse the shock and help you prevent injuries.
 

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