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Fear Tips

Fear & Phobias - How Can You Overcome Them?

Ms. Ekta Singh 88% (398 ratings)
MA - Psychology, M-Phill Psychology, B.Ed, C.I.G, ECCE, B.A. Psychology
Psychologist, Ghaziabad
Fear & Phobias - How Can You Overcome Them?

Have you ever experienced spine-chilling terror, which in hindsight does not make any rational sense, from an object, place, or creature? If you have then you suffer from a phobia. A phobia is basically an anxiety disorder that is triggered when you encounter specific things.

What you should know about phobias?

If you have a phobia of spiders, you will try to adapt your life in such a way that you avoid spiders. However, your fear for the object or creature is often greater than the actual threat that it poses. This is why phobias are deemed as diagnosable medical conditions. If you suffer from phobias, the trigger can cause you to experience a panic attack.

What are the different types of phobias?

Even though there are numerous kinds of phobias based on the trigger, doctors classify phobias broadly into three main types.

1. Specific Phobia - As the name suggests, specific phobia is any phobia that is caused due to the introduction of the trigger item or creature in your surroundings. This is the most common type of phobia in the world. However, specific phobias are easier to avoid, as you simply need to avoid the trigger for the phobia to lead a normal life.

2. Social Phobia - This is a great fear or anxiety of facing public humiliation. People with social phobia isolate themselves from the rest of the world to avoid social embarrassment. However, social phobia is not the same as shyness.

3. Agoraphobia - This is a kind of phobia where you feel trapped in a certain environment. If you suffer from agoraphobia, you will be afraid of most confined spaces, such as elevators and rooms without windows.

Factors that can cause phobias:

Phobias usually start in early childhood or during the teenage years. It is very rare for a new phobia to develop after a person reaches 30 years of age. Doctors believe that phobias may form due to a traumatic or frightening experience in life. Furthermore, you are more likely to experience phobias if one or more of your family members suffer from it as well.

• Specific phobias - Your phobia of snakes or cockroach may be chalked back to a frightening experience you had with such creatures.

• Complex phobias - Medical experts believe that complex phobias form due to a mixture of a traumatic event, genetics and the chemistry in your brain.

Is treating a phobia possible?

If you think you suffer from a phobia, you can seek medical help for it. A trained psychologist/psychiatrist will help you reduce the discomfort from your phobia. A mixture of behavioural therapy along with medication is useful in treating cases of phobia.

However, if you do not suffer from a complex phobia, such as agoraphobia or social anxiety, you can live a normal life by simply avoiding the source of your fears.

Stage Fright - How To Tackle It?

Mrs. Subhra Banerjee Paul 88% (10 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology, PG Diploma in rehabolitation psychology
Psychologist, Kolkata
Stage Fright - How To Tackle It?

You are about to go on stage to face the audience. Palms sweaty, heart racing and fear gripping you in such a way that your feet or tongue refuse to move? Relax! You are having a short period of stage fright. The first and most comforting thing to know is that the biggest and most popular performers and speakers also go through a period of nervousness before their big show. And yet, when you see them on stage, you'll not detect a bit of it. You can be that person too.

Why do you experience stage fright?
Being the centre of attention among the audience focused only on you can trigger thoughts of a bad or unconvincing performance resulting in loss of reputation, mockery and a perception of failure. The physical response your body has to this is called "fight or flight" syndrome which is a natural process designed to protect you.

So how do you face the situation and get better of it? Here are a few steps to get you there: 

1. Self-hypnosis / Hypnotherapy for stage fright: Imagine if you believed that you are a master public speaker and can feel calm and confident during every performance! A self-hypnosis or hypnotherapy session allows you to reach out into the recesses of your subconscious mind and harness its power to handle stressful situations like a stage performance. You may have heard the common proverb - You are what you believe, and this therapy proves it. The process will help you visualize your actual performance and link it with positive, encouraging and enjoyable images which will replace your anxiety with confidence. You can either visit a consultant or buy a CD online.

2. NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming) for stage fright: NLP was created in the 1970s by Richard Bandler and John Grinder in California as a connection between neurological process, linguistic and behavioural patterns learnt through experience or programming. NLP claims to cure everything of phobias to depression to even the common cold. Though not scientifically proven, NLP uses a set of mental exercises to allow you to change your perception and blockages and hesitation into positive actions. Similar to hypnosis, it'll allow you to program yourself to believe and practice for a positive outcome in order to achieve it.

Add the wow factor: Anyone giving you their time deserves to leave with a 'wow'. Add facts, figures or moves that'll give them that. Add 'your' touch and style to it.

1422 people found this helpful

Social Media & Mental Health - How Former Can Affect Latter?

Dr. Mitali Soni Loya 92% (10 ratings)
MD- Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Social Media & Mental Health - How Former Can Affect Latter?

Being away or oblivious to social media is synonymous to not following the herd. Social media probably is no more the latest fad; it is the given code to take a deeper look into the present age. The rewarding fact about social networking sites is their ability to transport us to people and places millions of miles away from us. This epoch with its dictates of overproduction and maximum utilization of labour, snatches away the boon of communication. Social media gifts us with easy communication and wider access.  

1. Social media creates peer pressure- Coming in continuous contact with occurrences in other people's life can lead to a mental setback. You may feel low on comparing your achievements with that of others. Consciously or unconsciously you are struggling throughout to be at par with them who are seemingly jubilant. Virtual peer pressure is realized by many. 

2. It can bring us at close quarters with penitence- Persistent grief or regret can take a toll on your mental health. It can make you depressive. Depression is again not a healthy thing for personal growth and development. It usually results in a lack of motivation.
 
3. You tend to panic more through continued use of social media- If you have not been in touch with social media for a couple of days you are instilled with the fear of losing out on incidents. You panic regarding what has been happening all over the world that in reality will in most cases bear no effect on you.
  
4. It accustoms you to the glamorous appeal of drugs- Social media tends to showcase the ills of society as glamorous contributing factors of life. It celebrates the vices of drugs and other addictive agents as virtues. Young adults are therefore easily incited to give in to addiction.

Positive effects of social media on your mental health:-

1. Social media will let you take a break from hovering tasks and responsibilities. 
2. Helps you connect with long lost friends. Social networking sites will bring you close to new and old friends alike. 
3. Real society is overly judgmental. It prohibits you from coming across as your true self. Virtual media allows you to come out of your cocoon and helps you feel comfortable about yourself.
 

2 people found this helpful

Social Phobia - How Can We Overcome It?

Ms. Monica Sharma 90% (10 ratings)
M.Sc - Applied Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma In Guidance and Couselling, PGD in Rehabilitation Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Social Phobia - How Can We Overcome It?

Anxiety often leads to the development of phobias. An unreasonable fear of being in social situations is known as social anxiety or social phobia. People suffering from such a phobia may be afraid of specific social settings like public speaking or generic social events such as eating with others or using public telephones. They are afraid that they will embarrass themselves or be humiliated in front of others. Being in such a situation can often build up into a panic attack. In many cases, the person himself is aware that his fear is irrational but cannot overcome it. Hence, here are a few tips to overcome social phobia.

  1. Relax: The first thing you need to do is learn to relax. People with phobias often anticipate them and stress themselves out before the situation can present itself. Being anxious heightens sensitivity and worsens your response to a social situation. Hence, before stepping out or meeting someone, take a deep breath and relax. Instead of focusing on the stressful situation, think about something in the future like getting home to a nice cup of tea.
  2. Test yourself: Make a list of the situations that you are afraid of and anticipate the level of anxiety you think it would cause. Then test this hypothesis by putting yourself in the situation. For example, if you fear walking into a crowded room, try doing it once. You may find that you cope with the situation better then you anticipated. Keep a record of these hypothesis and test results.
  3. Practice doing what scares you: Some situations may scare you too much to dive straight into them. In such cases, practice what you would do if you were in such a situation by yourself or with someone you trust. Run the situation in your head and imagine what you would do if it were actually happening.
  4. Look around: Social awkwardness is often caused by imaging that people can read your thoughts and thus focusing on them rather than the people you are talking to or the space you are in. Train your mind to notice things around you and be aware of your situation. Focusing outwards can lower your anxiety and enhance your ability to hold a conversation with people. To make this a habit, whenever you walk into a room make a mental note of three things in the room.
  5. Ask questions: An easy way to shift focus from yourself to people around you is by asking questions. When you someone a question listen to their response and if you still aren't comfortable talking about your own views, ask another related question. This will not give your mind time to dwell on any negative thoughts and can even increase your social circle.
1459 people found this helpful

Fear & Phobias - How Hypnotherapy Can Help?

Ms. Sripriya V 90% (113 ratings)
Diploma in Mental Health Counseling, Msc Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
Fear & Phobias - How Hypnotherapy Can Help?

Jumping at the sight of a cockroach is normal but some people won't even step into the room if they see one. Such people are said to suffer from a phobia of cockroaches. A phobia can be defined as the irrational fear of an object or situation though it may not pose any real danger. A phobia often develops during childhood and gets aggravated as the person gets older. 

Hypnotherapy has proven to be an effective form of treatment for phobias and fear. Hypnosis identifies the root cause or event that is the underlying cause of the phobia. A hypnotherapist then attempts to change the person's reaction to the phobia trigger. 

Some common phobias hypnotherapists deal with are:

-   Fear of heights
-   Claustrophobia 
-   Fear of insects and small animals
-   Fear of flying
-   Fear of technology

To do this a hypnotherapist must first bring the person into a state of calmness and relaxation. This is because the root cause of a phobia is often a repressed memory. Thus, it can be accessed only when a person is in a state of heightened relaxation or trance. In this state, the mind is very receptive to suggestions. Once the memory has been addressed, it can be brought back to the conscious awareness. Addressing this conscious memory then allows the therapist to make the patient feel less threatened by this trigger. The patient can then begin to form new thoughts and responses to the object or situation. This process is also known as hypnotic regression. 

A person normally needs 3-4 sessions of hypnotherapy to be rid of a phobia. However, the number of sessions required varies from person to person and it may take additional sessions to cure a chronic phobia. 

This depends on a number of factors such as:

-   How long the person has had the said phobia
-   His personality
-   How severely his life is affected by the phobia
-   How determined he is to free himself of the phobia

When you decide to work with a hypnotherapist to get rid of your phobias, it is essential that you make the right choice in terms of the hypnotherapist. You should ensure that you are being treated by a licensed professional hypnotherapist. Also, make sure that you can trust the person and are comfortable in his or her presence. Take your time finding someone who you can open yourself up to and get started on conquering your fears. 
 

1391 people found this helpful

Panic Attack - How To Administer It?

Ms. Nidhi Garg 86% (10 ratings)
B.A. Psychology, MA Counseling Psychology
Psychologist, Bhubaneswar
Panic Attack - How To Administer It?

A panic attack is something which can hit a person like a sack of bricks and can really affect him or her. While a lot of people around the world do happen to suffer as a result of panic attacks, not many of them know what they could do to make it end soon and to get back to normal. So, wouldn’t it be a pretty good idea to learn a little about what can be done to control a panic attack?

Symptoms
One of the most common signs of a panic attack is a hike in the rate of intake of air and an increase in the pulse rate of the person at the same time. In addition to this, the person’s palms get sweaty and clammy. A lot of people who experience panic attacks also feel the need to either vomit or defecate when they have one, neither of which can be said to be a pleasant feeling. Dizziness and a feeling of numbness are also quite common symptoms indicating a panic attack.

Causes
The reason why a person usually has a panic attack in the first place is that he or she feels that the degree of control possessed over a certain situation is not to the level that would seem to be comfortable. What is interesting when it comes to panic attacks is the fact that the more a person panics in a specific situation, the more the panic attacks are going to occur in that sort of situation or ones that are similar. For example, if a person is worried prior to a race and runs away from it instead of running the race itself, it registers in the mind as something worth being scared about. Facing up to fear has great value. Apart from the anxiety factor, certain medicines and physical ailments also sometimes result in panic attacks.

Tips to end a panic attack

1. Hyperventilation is common and a deep breath goes a long way.
2. An alternative to hyperventilation would be to hold one’s breath. The duration for which this should be done is about 10 to 15 seconds. Doing this just a few times greatly helps in returning to normal.
3. A person doesn’t really think when in the middle of a panic attack. Making the effort to do any mental exercise such as backward counting in sets of 3 from 100 helps.

2478 people found this helpful

Fear - How To Take The Bull By The Horns?

Ms. Pooja Naik 93% (12 ratings)
M.Sc - Psychology
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Fear - How To Take The Bull By The Horns?

Fear is a very crippling feeling (feeling of being handicapped), which you might have to go through at various situations of life. You might be scared of heights, darkness, public speaking and even scared of being lonely. Fear is very difficult to overcome as it can exhaust you and make you useless. Even if you cannot be superhuman, you can at least aim to be someone who can confront his/her fear and leave the fear useless.

Here are a few tips on how you can confront your fear:

  1. Breathe - Breathing slowly and deeply actually helps. It calms your nerves and relaxes you. Short and shallow breaths can trigger panic and fear. If you breathe out longer than the time you take to breathe in, your body relaxes immediately. Try it; it actually works the best. Whenever you feel that you are panicking or that you are feeling afraid, take deep breaths. Concentrate on your breathing. Count till 7 when you breathe in and till 11 when you breathe out. You will be surprised to find out how quickly you have calmed down.
     
  2. Identify the fear - This is a very important step as you need to figure out why you are scared or afraid. There has to be a specific reason behind every single fear that you have. Try to identify that reason. Dig deep into your memory and try figuring out what exactly arouse the fear. Once you know the reason, you will be able to understand the base of your fear, and you will find it easier to overcome.
     
  3. Get ready to be peaceful - If you start feeling anxious, nervous or afraid, breathe in and out. Then think of how you will get positive outcomes from the particular act you are being anxious about. If you have to go into a dark room to get something and you are afraid of darkness, just think how you can get what you desire if only you step into the darkness for a fraction of second. This will help build your confidence and will slowly get you normal to moving on with your fear.
     
  4. Control what you imagine - If you are afraid of something, whether tangible or not, your imaginations about it will run wild. You might start imagining stuff which are not even real or which might just ingrain your mind and establish the fear on solid ground. Hence it is high time you need to control your imagination. Imagination is a very unique gift if you want to create something beautiful, which will help encourage you. But if you start imagining how a spider will just grow in size and number; and will fly towards you, then you have to put a lid on it.

Being afraid is common. Even the bravest people are afraid. Don't be embarrassed about that. Just face it and try to let go of it.

4773 people found this helpful

Fear - How To Encounter It?

Mr. Subrata Bhattacharyya 85% (10 ratings)
Master In Psychotherapy& counselling, PG Diploma In Counselling & Behaviour Management, Diploma in Marital and Relationship counselling
Psychologist, Kolkata
Fear - How To Encounter It?

Fear is a very crippling feeling, which you might have to go through various situations of life. You might be scared of heights, darkness, and public speaking, even scared of being lonely. Fear is very difficult to overcome as it can debilitate you and render you useless. Even if you cannot be superhuman, you can at least aim to be someone who can confront his/her fear and render the fear useless. We all fear in our life due to the thought of our future or the experience of the past, if we think in the cool brain that right now both past or future is not in our hands.  The present is what we must try to make beautiful. If we don't get scared then only we can apply our intelligence at the required time.

Here are a few tips on how you can confront your fear:

1. Breathe: Breathing slowly and deeply actually helps. It calms your nerves and relaxes you. Short and shallow breaths can trigger panic and fear. If you breathe out longer than the time you take to breathe in, your body relaxes immediately. Try it; it actually works the best. Whenever you feel that you are panicking or that you are feeling afraid, take deep breaths. Concentrate on your breathing. Count till 7 when you breathe in and till 11 when you breathe out. You will be surprised to find out how quickly you have calmed down.

2. Identify the fear: This is a very important step as you need to figure out why you are scared or afraid. There has to be a specific reason behind every single fear that you have. Try to identify that reason. Delve deep into your memory and try figuring out what exactly evoked the fear. Once you know the reason, you will be able to understand the base of your fear, and you will find it easier to overcome.

3. Get ready to be peaceful: If you start feeling anxious, nervous or afraid, breathe in and out. Then think of how you will get positive outcomes from the particular act you are being anxious about. If you have to go into a dark room to get something and you are afraid of darkness, just think how you will be able to get what you desire if only you step into the darkness for a fraction of second. This will help build your confidence and will slowly get you accustomed to moving on with your fear.

4. Control what you imagine: If you are afraid of something, whether tangible or not, your imaginations about it will run wild. You might start imagining stuff which are not even real or which might just ingrain your mind and establish the fear on solid ground. Hence it is high time you need to control your imagination. Imagination is a very unique gift if you want to create something beautiful, which will help encourage you. But if you start imagining how a spider will just grow in size and number and will fly towards you, then you have to put a lid on it.

Being afraid is common. Even the bravest people are afraid. Don't be embarrassed about that. Just face it and try to let go of it.

1363 people found this helpful

Hypnotherapy - How Can It Help in Fear & Phobias!

MA - Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hypnotherapy - How Can It Help in Fear & Phobias!

Jumping at the sight of a cockroach is normal, but some people won't even step into the room if they see one. Such people are said to suffer from a phobia of cockroaches. A phobia can be defined as the irrational fear of an object or situation, though it may not pose any real danger. A phobia often develops during childhood and gets aggravated as the person gets older.

Hypnotherapy has proven to be an effective form of treatment for phobias and fear. Hypnosis identifies the root cause or event that is the underlying cause of the phobia. A Hypnotherapist then attempts to change the person's reaction to the phobia trigger.

Some common phobias Hypnotherapists deal with are:

  • Fear of heights
  • Claustrophobia
  • Fear of insects and small animals
  • Fear of flying
  • Fear of technology

To do this a Hypnotherapist must ensure that the mind of the person is in a calm and relax state. This is because the root cause of a phobia is often a repressed memory. Thus, it can be accessed only when a person is in a state of heightened relaxation or trance. In this state, the mind is very receptive to suggestions. Once the memory has been addressed, it can be brought back to the conscious awareness. Addressing this conscious memory allows the therapist to make the patient feel less threatened by this trigger. The patient can then begin to form new thoughts and responses to the object or situation. This process is also known as Hypnotic regression.

A person normally needs 3-4 sessions of Hypnotherapy to be rid of a phobia. However, the number of sessions required varies from person to person and it may take additional sessions to cure a chronic phobia.

No. of sessions required depends on a number of factors such as:

  • How long the person has had the said phobia
  • His personality
  • How severely his life is affected by the phobia
  • How determined he is to free himself of the phobia

When you decide to work with a Hypnotherapist to get rid of your phobias, it is essential that you make the right choice in terms of the Hypnotherapist. You should ensure that you are being treated by a licensed professional Hypnotherapist. Also, make sure that you can trust the person and are comfortable in his or her presence. Take your time finding someone who you can open yourself up to and get started on conquering your fears.

4621 people found this helpful

Mental Disorders - Know Classifications Of Them!

Dr. Robin Victor 92% (11 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Dehradun
Mental Disorders - Know Classifications Of Them!

Here is a list of few most commonly observed mental disorders in society. It is hard to accept the truth that even though people are aware of the existence of mental disorder, yet they do not make an effort in identifying them. Therefore, read carefully and help people with any of these illnesses around you.

1. Anxiety

Anxiety is one of the most common types of mental disorders which is readily observed in 2 out of 5 people. A lot of patients are also observed with physical symptoms such as- shaky hands. Despite being so common amongst people, many choose to ignore it and others do not acknowledge the seriousness of this disease. In anxiety, a person will suffer extreme fear and in the moment of an anxiety attack he will have changed behavor, as well.

2. Depression

Another commonly observed mental disorder is depression which is also one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Herein, the patient does not die because of physical shortcomings but the depressed state of mind could cause the person to drive himself to suicide or substance abuse conditions. Depression is an extremely important and very harmful mental disorder, which, if left unnoticed could drive the person towards his own end and destruction.

Signs and symptoms of depression:

It is extremely hard to identify a person with depression based on his looks because a depressed person will look the same on the outside but there will be going on a turmoil of emotions on the inside. The patient will give positive test to a psychomotor retardation

The person will not respond in the usual manner. He will be restless.

3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

This is another one of the most commonly observed mental disorder in mankind. In this illness, a person will be obsessed with one person, thing or a place. This obsessive attachment to any said thing could turn dangerous as the person might cross any limits in order to attain it. A person could be subject to one or more of the following OCD’s:

  1. Cleanliness
  2. Being worried all the time about one's safety
  3. Keeping the things in order
  4. Repeating actions
  5. Reassurance
  6. Autism

Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder which targets the mind of young children and permanently causes a change in their behaviour which is hard to undo. This illness falls under the child psychiatry branch of Psychiatry. Autism is a great threat to mankind because the children are the future of our world and there has been an increase in Autism, lately.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Repressed or late response to environmental stimuli
  2. Unable to communicate in the same language as others
  3. Unable to communicate socially
  4. Repetitive actions
  5. Deviations in thoughts
  6. Absence of smile
  7. Always looking at the ground
  8. Such children easily cry
  9. Aggressive
3725 people found this helpful
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