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Everything You Need to Know About Graves' Disease!

Dr.Anurag Bajpai 89% (13ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Everything You Need to Know About Graves' Disease!

The body has multiple chemicals called hormones, which regulate many of its functions. Increased or decreased levels of these hormones affect various functions including metabolism, growth and sexual functions. Thyroxin produced by the thyroid (situated in the front of the neck) is one such hormone, which has a significant role to play in metabolism.

Graves’ disease is one of the main causes of hyperthyroidism, where there is excessive production of thyroid hormones. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder, wherein the body reacts against its own tissues. It is very common in women than men, especially after 20 years of age. Family history also has a strong correlation in developing Graves’ disease. The high levels of thyroid hormone increase the rate of metabolism, thereby altering weight, mental energy levels, physical stamina, and also mood.

Thyroid hormone is related to metabolism and more amount of it lead to higher metabolism. This causes the following symptoms.

  1. Intolerance to heat
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. Nervousness and anxiety
  4. Inability sleep, as the mind is always excited
  5. Increased appetite (sometimes despite weight loss) due to higher metabolism
  6. Irregular menstrual cycles
  7. Palpitations (rapid, loud heartbeat)
  8. Irregular heartbeats (tachyarrhythmia)
  9. Fine tremors of the extended arms
  10. Breast enlargement in men, known as gynecomastia
  11. Extreme moodiness, causing irritability and anger
  12. Inability to focus and concentrate
  13. General fatigue and shortness of breath with any exertion
  14. Increased frequency of bowel movements

In addition, the eye symptoms are quite diagnostic including:

  1. Protrusion of the eyes (exophthalmos), giving an impression that they are going to fall out
  2. Double vision
  3. Excessive tearing
  4. Increased irritation in the eyes

Diagnosis: The first symptom would be the presence of an enlarged thyroid gland (front of the neck above the collarbone), and the some of the above symptoms would be present.
In addition, tests to check for thyroid gland functioning including T3 and T4 levels would reveal increased amounts of hormone in the blood stream.
As a confirmatory test, the radioactive iodine uptake test also is done, which will indicate increased uptake by the thyroid gland. This indicates that the gland is functioning at an increased pace and requires additional iodine for the production of thyroid hormones.

Treatment: There are two approaches to it, one to control the symptoms and the other to control the thyroid gland per se.

  1. Beta blockers are very useful in controlling rapid heart rate and anxiety.
  2. Prednisone may be used to control eye irritation and swelling
  3. Antithyroid drugs are used to control the production of thyroid
  4. Radioactive iodine is given orally to control excessive thyroid production
  5. In severe cases, thyroid gland may be surgically removed partially or completely

Graves’ disease is not life-threatening and once symptoms are controlled, the patient’s quality of life improves drastically.

4266 people found this helpful

In Detail About Wilson's Disease!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship - American Society of Transplant surgeons
General Surgeon, Bangalore
In Detail About Wilson's Disease!

Wilson’s Disease is a rare genetic disorder, affecting one in 30,000 individuals, which leads to an accumulation of copper in different organs of the body, especially in brain, liver, and eyes. Copper is an important mineral that plays an important role in the development of collagen, bones, skin, and nerves. The amount of copper required by the body is obtained from food. In general, excess copper is excreted out with the help of bile juice from the liver. But, in Wilson’s Disease, copper from the body is not properly eliminated that leads to its accumulation up to non-permissible limits inside the body.

This condition is caused due to gene mutation and is often fatal if not recognized and treated on time, in its early stage itself. This condition has the potential to damage organs and hence is life-threatening.

While Wilson’s Disease is present at the time of birth itself, symptoms do not really manifest until its accumulation in different organs of the body. The common symptoms of the Wilson’s Disease include jaundice, lack of appetite, fatigue, abdominal pain, discoloration of the eye (golden brown color), buildup of fluid in abdomen and legs, muscular stiffness, uncontrolled movements of the body, tremors, anxiety, and problems related to speech, physical coordination, and swallowing.

Wilson’s Disease is difficult to diagnose and often involves physical examination, eye examination, urine tests, blood tests, liver biopsy, and genetic testing.

Treatment of Wilson’s Disease involves lifelong management and medication. Food rich in copper like liver, shellfish, nuts, mushrooms, chocolate, etc. must be avoided, and so must be copper utensils and cookware. Zinc supplements, trientine, and d-penicillamine are often used as medications. For a failed organ like the liver, the transplant might be recommended.

Risk Factors-
If one of the family members, especially in close blood relations, is suffering from this condition, it increases the chances of the occurrence of this disease.

If left untreated, Wilson’s Disease can be fatal with a number of serious complications such as:

● Failure or scarring of the liver or cirrhosis leads to its difficult and reduced function. It might require a liver transplant in case of acute failure.
● Neurological conditions like tremors, muscular stiffness and uncontrolled movements, and difficulty in speech often improve upon a treatment, but the same might be persistent in certain cases.
● Poor or reduced function of kidneys due to stones, or partial or total failure.
● Psychological issues like anxiety, irritability, psychosis or bipolar disorder might also happen.
● Hemolysis or destruction of the red blood cells leads to jaundice and anemia.

Take Away-
Wilson’s Disease is a life-threating genetic disorder caused by the collection of copper in different organs of the body and damaging them. It is difficult to diagnose and has a number of serious complications. Since it is a genetic disorder, the chances of an individual suffering from this condition increase in his/her close blood relation.

2971 people found this helpful

Crohn s Disease!

Dr.Radhika A (Md) 89% (13ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Crohn s Disease!

Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Homeopathic Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
Psychotherapy Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
Surgical Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
Other Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
What is Crohn’s Disease
Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease
Causes of Crohn’s Disease
Risk factors of Crohn’s Disease
Complications of Crohn’s Disease
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Crohn’s Disease
Precautions & Prevention of Crohn’s Disease
Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Homeopathic Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Before prescribing a remedy, homeopaths take into account a person’s constitutional type like your physical, emotional, and psychological makeup. It helps to calm anxious feelings in those who suffer from flatulence and diarrhea, and helps ease the craving of sweet foods which may not be easily tolerated. Following are some homeopathy remedies for Crohn’s disease.

Veratrum album
Argentum nit

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Acupuncture has long been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat inflammatory bowel disease. Acupuncture and moxibustion were effective specifically for treating Crohn’s disease. Moxibustion  is a technique in which the herb mugwort is burned over specific acupuncture points. It is used because it is thought to reach deeper into the body than using needles alone. 

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Hypnotherapy, Psychotherapy and counseling has been very helpful in the treatment with Crohn’s disease. It has been proven that when exposed to a stressful situation some children learn to develop gastrointestinal symptoms to cope with the stress. Crohn’s disease is stress related. Exercise is helpful to relieve stress therefore reducing symptoms of these particular diseases.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

The conventional treatment for Crohn’s disease involves first administering steroids in order to control the patient’s symptoms (abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea); the next step involves administering immune-suppressing drugs, which prepare the body to receive the third medication – an antibody that curbs the inflammatory response at the root of the disease. 

Surgical Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Some people who suffered with Crohn’s disease will need to have surgery at some point to treat the disease. Surgical treatments include:

Correction of a fistula or fissure
Draining of an abscess
Opening of a stricture or obstruction of the bowel
Removal of a segment of diseased tissue.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Eat six smaller meals a day, rather than three larger meals
Elimination food types such as grains or sugars.
Take a daily multivitamin
Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco
Avoid refined foods such as white breads and pastas 
Other Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

Mild exercise can help reduce stress, relieve depression and normalize bowel function. Talk to your doctor about an exercise plan that’s right for you. 

What is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory condition that affects the digestive tract – including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, and anus. It can affect any portion of the digestive tract, but is most common in the ileum – the lowest portion of the small intestine, where it connects with the large intestine.

Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease

Abdominal pain and cramping
Rectal bleeding
Eye inflammation
Weight loss and reduced appetite
Skin problems
Delayed growth or sexual development, in children 

Causes of Crohn’s Disease

The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. Most researches think that it could be caused by a combination of inter-related factors that is listed below:

Previous infection
The immune system
Diet high in fat or refined foods

Risk factors of Crohn’s Disease

Cigarette smoking
Age between 20 and 30.
Although whites have the highest risk of the disease
Family history.
People living in a city or an industrialized country and in northern climates
Arthritis and Skin problems
inflammation in the eyes or mouth,
kidney stones or gallstones
Diseases of the liver and biliary system.

Complications of Crohn’s Disease

Bowel obstruction – It includes abdominal pain, cramping, vomiting etc.
Fistula – It includes a high temperature, generally feeling unwell, a constant throbbing pain, blood or pus in your faeces(stools) etc.
Diagnosis of Crohn’s Disease

To perfectly diagnose Crohn’s disease(CD), a patient will likely experience a number of laboratory tests and one or more imaging procedures that allow a doctor to visually evaluate the intestine.

Laboratory tests

Blood tests
Stool cultures
Imaging procedures


Precautions & Prevention of Crohn’s Disease

There is no way to prevent Crohn’s disease because the cause is unknown. But you can take steps to reduce the rigorousness of the disease.

Get regular exercise.
Do not smoke.
Medicines taken regularly may reduce sudden attacks
Eat a healthy diet.
Never use antibiotics unless they have been prescribed for you by a doctor.

2 people found this helpful

Why her eyes became red I want to know for my friend ,is it because of some small disease like fever?

Dr.Mukesh Paryani 93% (1091ratings)
FPRS, DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Pune
Why her eyes became red I want to know for my friend ,is it because of some small disease like fever?
Red eyes could be because of many reasons but commonly it is due to allergy or infection. You need to visit eye specialist to differentiate between the two as the treatment is different. Also get your eyes checked for any glass power.
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I am of 15 I don't have much disease but I presently had a disease of eye I can't see image clearly so please help me to solve my disease.

Dr.Sucharitra Picasso 92% (12950ratings)
Homeopath, Faridabad
I am of 15 I don't have much disease but I presently had a disease of eye I can't see image clearly so please help me...
Hi, get your eyes tested from an Opthalmologist and do share the report with me. Include the following for getting better vision: Vitamins A, C, E, and minerals like copper and zinc are essential to eyesight. Get the antioxidants from dark leafy greens, egg yolks, yellow peppers, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, and carrots. Include garlic and onions. Blueberries, grapes as they have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can help improve your vision. DHA is a fatty acid found in coldwater fish like salmon, sardines and mackerel. Exercises for eyes: Warm your eyes. Rub your palms together to create heat, and then place them against your eyes for five seconds. Repeat this three times. Roll your eyes. Start by looking up and then slowly circle 10 times clockwise and 10 times counterclockwise. Focus. Hold a pen at arm's length, focus your eyes on it, and slowly bring the pen closer until it's about 6 inches away from your nose. Then slowly move it back, keeping your eyes focused on the pen, 10 times in all. Massage your temples. Using your thumb knuckles, massage your temples in small circles, 20 times in one direction and 20 in the other. Repeat the same actions above the mid-point of the eyebrows at the forehead, then below the eyes on both sides of the bridge of the nose. Take a mini-nap. Put your head back, close your eyes, and relax for 3 minutes. Insufficient sleep may weaken your vision, so shoot for 8 hours of sound sleep a night. Rest your eyes 10 minutes for every 50 minutes spent reading or in front of the computer. If your eyes feel overly tired, lie down and place cooling cucumber slices over your eyelids.
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Can you tell me the symptoms of jaundice disease and how to cure and prevent this disease?

Dr.Bhavna Gaikar 91% (1730ratings)
Homeopath, Pune
Symptoms: nause & vomiting, loss of appetite, eyes get yellow, dark colour urine for prevention use filtered water, eat hygenic food treatment take liquid & glucose.
1 person found this helpful
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What is jika and what are the symptoms of this disease and any precautions for this disease?

Dr.Princy Khandelwal 92% (17555ratings)
Homeopath, Faridabad
What is jika and what are the symptoms of this disease and any precautions for this disease?
Hello, The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week. The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people. Severe disease requiring hospitalisation is uncommon. The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika.
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I am disease with dengue within two days how I protect with this disease plzzz tel me about this in details.

MBBS, MD - Community Medicine
General Physician, Jaipur
I am disease with dengue within two days how I protect with this disease plzzz tel me about this in details.
Good question! Congratulations for asking! Similar measures are used to protect ourselves from Malaria/ Dengue/ Chikungunya. Keep yourself protected from mosquito bites. Children should not be allowed to play in shorts and half sleeved clothes Use Mosquito bed nets/ Repellents/ Odomass/ Kachuachhap etc. In home whichever available or you can afford. Must: Always have one anti-mosquito spray in house including kitchen/ bedroom in the starting of rainy season. Must: There should not be any water collection in house/ nearby house including water cooler/ bottles/ buckets/ holes etc. **All the best** "Aware at least 10 of your friends too about it, it is a divine job. Symptoms/ Signs of Dengue – for your knowledge 1. Abrupt onset of high fever; 2. Severe frontal headache; 3. Pain behind the eyes which worsens with eye movement; 4. Muscle and joint pains; 5. Loss of sense of taste and appetite; 6. Rash over chest and upper limbs; 7. Nausea and vomiting Dengue fever Precautions 1. Don't panic from dengue fever, it recovers automatically. 2. Get full rest/ proper sleep/ health diet. 3. Be caution of any bleeding sign from body. 4. Get Platlet Count daily if it is below 1.5 lac per cubic mm, and consult nearby doctor for further management. 5. There is need to be careful when it goes below 40, 000 + reddish patch occurs. Dengue: Dos and DO nots 1.Remove water from coolers and other small containers at least once in a week 2.Use aerosol during day time to prevent the bites of mosquitoes 3.Do not wear clothes that expose arms and legs 4.Children should not be allowed to play in shorts and half sleeved clothes 5.Use mosquito nets or mosquito repellents while sleeping during day time Dengue or Malaria: What to eat? 1. Eat healthy food. Avoid junk/ spicy/fried/oily foods. 2. Eat homemade food include seasonal fruits, complex carbs like Dalia, Khichdi, oats and whole wheat bread etc. 3. Eat small and frequent meals. 4. Eat all your meals on time. 5. Take any Tablet Multivitamin once a day. 6. Take a light and early dinner. Consult doctor immediately if symptoms of dengue worsens ***Get Well Soon*** “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”
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I had an red eye from 4 day. What should I do? To heal my disease as soon as possible??

Dr.Sreepada Kameswara 95% (25098ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Hyderabad
I had an red eye from 4 day. What should I do? To heal my disease as soon as possible??
Continuously reading small print without proper light should be avoided. Smart phone may cause strain. Don't expose your eyes to extreme sunny weather of cold windy weather. Don't be closer to people with eye infections as you may contact the infection. Get your eyes tested for any vision problem. Homoeopathy has effective treatment for your problem without adverse effects. Take belldonna 200 ---once daily in the morning for 5 days.
2 people found this helpful
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I have red eye over 3 days. What should I have do for this time? And which disease is this.

Dr.Potnuru Srinivaasa Sudhakar 89% (2184ratings)
M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
I have red eye over 3 days. What should I have do for this time? And which disease is this.
Homeopathic treatment in red eye euphrasia make a solution of four drops of euphrasia mother tincture 15 ml of lukewarm water, bathe the eye in the solution 3 times a day.
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