--> A condition in which close objects appear clearly, but far ones don't.
--> People with myopia can have difficulty clearly seeing a movie or tv screen or the whiteboard in school.
Myopia symptoms and signs:-
If you are nearsighted, you typically will have difficulty reading road signs and seeing distant objects clearly, but will be able to see well for close-up tasks such as reading and computer use.
Other signs and symptoms of myopia include squinting, eye strain and headaches. Feeling fatigued when driving or playing sports also can be a symptom of uncorrected nearsightedness.
If you experience these signs or symptoms while wearing your glasses or contact lenses, schedule a comprehensive eye examination with your optometrist or ophthalmologist to see if you need a stronger prescription.
What causes myopia?
Myopia occurs when the eyeball is too long, relative to the focusing power of the cornea and lens of the eye. This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on its surface.
Nearsightedness also can be caused by the cornea and/or lens being too curved for the length of the eyeball. In some cases, myopia is due to a combination of these factors.
Myopia typically begins in childhood and you may have a higher risk if your parents are nearsighted. In most cases, nearsightedness stabilizes in early adulthood but sometimes it continues to progress with age.
Nearsightedness can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. Depending on the degree of your myopia, you may need to wear your glasses or contact lenses all the time or only when you need very clear distance vision, like when driving, seeing a chalkboard or watching a movie.
Good choices for eyeglass lenses for nearsightedness include high-index lenses (for thinner, lighter glasses) and anti-reflective coating. Also, consider photochromic lenses to protect your eyes from UV and high-energy blue light and to reduce your need for a separate pair of prescription sunglasses outdoors.
If you're nearsighted, the first number (" sphere") on your eyeglasses prescription or contact lens prescription will be preceded by a minus sign (–). The higher the number, the more nearsighted you are.
The advantage of homeopathic treatment:-
Homeopathy is a wonderful science of treatment with medicines made from natural substances. These medicines are safe from toxic side-effects and make a dynamic impact at the root level to heal the condition and restore good health. A major advantage of the homeopathic mode of treatment in myopia is that it stops further progression of the condition. Homeopathic medicines can thus provide supportive treatment in myopia. They are equally effective in persons of all age groups.
Homeopathic medicines for myopia:-
Top grade homeopathic medicines for myopia are pysostigma, Ruta, Viola odorata, oleum animale, and phosphorus.
Styes are normally caused by a proliferation of natural bacterial flora within the eye. This causes an inflammatory reaction and is known to affect children more than adults. It resembles a pimple in exterior appearance and may grow both inside and outside of the eyelid. The symptoms of styes include redness, pain, swelling and tenderness. Though the styes do not lead to any kind of visual problems, they can cause significant discomfort.
What can cause styes?
Your eyelids have lots of tiny oil glands, which can become clogged by dead skin, dirt, or oil buildup. When a gland is blocked, bacteria can grow inside. This is what causes a stye to develop.
What are the symptoms of styes?
The most common symptom of styes includes swelling of the eyelid, redness, pain, tenderness, eyelid crusts and burning in the eye. It frequently leads to a yellowish-white discharge which becomes very uncomfortable and may also continue to drain out of the eye. Doctors recommend not to press or squeeze the styes as it may lead to further complications.
Homeopathic medicines for sty are safe and effective with no side effects. They play a vital role in improving the health and immune levels of the body. The recurrence of any symptoms in a body can be prevented by homeopathic medicines. These medicines are easy and comfortable for all age groups as they taste sweeter and give quicker results.
Styes tend to dry out on its own although applying homeopathic medication can aid in hastening the process of healing.
It is important to keep the eye clean and flush it with cold water. If the pain and related symptoms do not go away after 3 to 4 days, it is best to consult a doctor for further treatments.
हमारे शरीर में आँखों का कार्य सबसे महत्वपूर्ण होता है. इसलिए आँखों की देखभाल करना भी उतना ही महत्वपूर्ण हो जाता हैं. वातावरण में फैले प्रदुषण के अलावा भी कई फैक्टर है जिससे आँखों को नुकसान पहुँचता है. यह विशेष रूप से दिपावली जैसे त्योहारों के दौरान होता है, जब आपको अपनी आँखों का अतिरिक्त ख्याल रखना पड़ता है. दिवाली की बात करें, तो इस दौरान हर जगह आतिशबाजी होने के साथ ही पटाखों का शोर सुनाई देता है. ऐसे में अपनी आखों को बचाना जरूरी हो जाता है. जिसके लिए सबसे जरूरी पटाखों से दूरी बनाना है. साथ ही इस समय अपने बच्चों पर विशेष निगरानी रखने की जरूरत होती हैं. बच्चे उत्साह में आकर कई बार पटाखों को समीप जाकर जलाते हैं, जिससे कई बार पटाखे हाथ में ही फूट जाते है और परिणामस्वरूप पटाखों में मौजूद बारूद आँखों में चला जाता है और आँखों को नुकसान पहुंचता है. इस तरह की दुर्घटनाओं से बचने के लिए लिए अपनी आँखों की देखभाल करना जरुरी हो जाता है. आज इस लेख में हम आपको बताएंगे आँख में बारूद जाने पर क्या करें, कुछ बातों का ख्याल रख कर ऐसी दुर्घटनाओं से बच सकते है.
कैसे रखें पटाखों से खुद को सुरक्षित
दिपावली रौशनी का त्यौहार है और जरुरी नहीं है कि आप पटाखें जलाकर ही इस पर्व का आनंद लें. आप यह कोशिश कर सकते है कि आप जितना कम हो सके उतने कम पटाखें जलाएं. अपने बच्चे को पटाखों से होने वाले नुकसान के बारे में समझाएं और उन्हें पटाखे न जलाने के लिए प्रोत्साहित करें. जिससे उनकी हेल्थ समग्र रहें. इसके लिए यहां कुछ निम्नलिखित कुछ सुझाव दिए गए है जो इस प्रकार हैं - प्रयाप्त
पटाखें छोड़ते समय प्रयाप्त दूरी बनाना सबसे जरुरी है. यदि आपके बच्चे पटाखे जला रहा है तो उन पर निगरानी रखें. पटाखों से निकलने वाला धुंआ आपकी आँखों को बहुत ज्यादा नुकसान पहुंचता है और साथ ही इनका हाथ में फूटने का डर भी बना रहता है.
कभी भी बंद या छोटी जगह पर पटाखे ना छोड़े. इससे आग पकड़ने का खतरा होता है. पटाखे छोड़ने के लिए आप कोई बड़ी जगह पर जा सकते है.
पटाखें छोड़ते समय प्रयाप्त सुरक्षा किट अपने पास रखें ताकि किसी प्रकार की दुर्घटना में त्वरित राहत मिल पाएं.
कभी भी पटाखे को दोबारा जलाने का प्रयास ना करें. यदि एक बार पटाखे नहीं जलते है तो फिर उस पटाखे को नष्ट कर दें या उस पर पानी डाल दें.
पटाखे जलाते समय हमेशा कॉटन कपडे पहने और सिल्क के कपड़ों को ना पहनें.
यदि पटाखें जलाते समय आँख में बारूद पड़ जाए तो आप कुछ घरेलु उपाय के अलावा गंभीर स्थिति में डॉक्टर के पास जाएँ. इसके पहले आप निम्न तरीकें को अपना सकते है.
आँखों में बारूद या चिंगारी पड़ने पर किसी कपड़े या हाथ से रगड़ने के बजाए निरंतर पानी से धोते रहें या अपने आँखों को पानी में डुबोए रखें.
आँखों को अच्छी तरह से पानी से धुलने के बाद एक साफ कपड़े को आँख पर रख दें.
यदि घर पर एंटीसेप्टिक क्रीम मौजूद है तो आप जलने की स्थिति पर क्रीम का इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं.
इसके बाद जितनी जल्दी हो सके, किसी नजदीकी डॉक्टर से संपर्क करें और चिकित्सीय सहायता प्राप्त करें.
Treatment of Farsightedness
Homeopathic Treatment of Farsightedness
Homeopathic remedies are useful in the treatment of various eye problems including farsightedness and shortsightedness. Some of the homeopathic remedies for farsightedness are:
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Farsightedness
Acupuncture helps to increase the blood flow to the brain and eye. It helps in stimulating the retinal nerve growth factors and leading to metabolic changes in the central nervous system. It focuses on the activation of eye muscles to facilitate eye focusing.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Farsightedness
The conventional or allopathic treatment for farsightedness is the use of glasses and contact lenses.
Surgical Treatment of Farsightedness
There are different types of surgeries that are used in the treatment of farsightedness:
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Farsightedness
What is Farsightedness
Farsightedness or hyperopia is a condition where you see far or distant objects clearly, but not objects up close which get blurred. It is caused when light rays overshoot the retina and focus behind it.
Symptoms of Farsightedness
Risk factors of Farsightedness
Complications of Farsightedness
Diagnosis of Farsightedness
Farsightedness is diagnosed by a basic eye exam. A complete eye examination involves the following tests.
Precautions & Prevention of Farsightedness
Your eyes are one of the most important sense organs, which help in perceiving up to 80 percent of all major impressions. All your important daily activity like reading, internet surfing, driving etc are done with the help of your eyes. You should never take your eyes for granted. There are many ways in which you can take care of your eyes to ensure that you see and experience the world at its very best.
You should visit your eye doctor for check ups at least once every two years. Eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy have no early warning symptoms and can only be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam. You should also ensure that the prescription for your contact lenses and eye glasses are up to date.
Cranial nerve palsy is one of the common culprits of causing double vision. This is all the more true for people above the age of 60. A person is more prone to cranial nerve palsy if he is suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes. This is the reason why this disease is more commonly known as diabetes palsy. Eventually, though they get better and the problem of double vision disappears.
One weak cranial nerve leads to the weakness of other cranial nerves as well. In case the eyes fail to move together, chances are that the patient will have double or blurred vision. In case the sixth nerve gets affected, side to side double vision is encountered. For the 3rd and 4th nerve disturbance, there could be a vertical double vision. The lack of blood flow causes pain to the eye.
Possible Causes of Cranial Nerve Palsy?
Cranial nerve palsy can result from traumatic or congenital factors. They can also result from vascular diseases such as strokes, hypertension, diabetes, and aneurysms. It can also arise out of infections, increased intracranial pressure, migraines, and tumours. A patient's age and clinical findings help a doctor decide the right course of treatment.
There are no particular treatments which can speed up the recovery of cranial nerve palsy. In a case of pupil pain, doctors may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs such as Motrin and Advil. They key to natural recovery is to ensure that the blood sugar and the blood pressure is diligently controlled. By patching the eyes, the problem of double vision can be resolved. They are typically worn over both the eyes. They are however known to slow down the process of recovery and strain the eye. There is no known exercise to fix this condition. Botulinum injections are sometimes used by doctors to straighten the eyes but the result of such a treatment greatly varies from person to person. Doctors mostly rely on watchful waiting until the phase passes within 6-8 weeks. Pain medications are recommended on a case to case basis.
Managing cranial nerve palsy can be difficult for a working person. It involves many lifestyle changes till the condition fully cares. Some of the suggestions given by an ophthalmologist include resting the eye as long as one can. Reading or working on a computer should be eschewed since it puts great pressure on the eyes. The eye should not be contacted with forehands in case there is too much pain. Other basic hygiene issues include taking the medicine time to time, cleaning the eye with fresh water two to three times a day, putting the eye drops on time as prescribed by the doctor.
Diabetic eye refers to a condition which generally affects the eye of a diabetic person. It is caused due to high sugar level in body. Diabetic eye can further lead to major problems such as cataracts, blurry vision, glaucoma, and retinopathy in case no treatment is taken at the preliminary stages. The deposition of glucose on the lens is the major cause behind all such problems and if ignored it can further damage small nerves and blood vessels. There are many precautionary methods by which you can cure this disease such as eye drops, surgery and laser treatment, but the simplest way to treat it is by managing your sugar level.
Following are the ways by which you can maintain the sugar level and procure yourself from such disease:
How does a diabetic eye affect you?
A diabetic eye is a minor problem if detected in early age, but can cause the vision loss in case proper care is not taken at the preliminary stages. A yearly checkup can help you to detect the problem in early age and hence can be cured. We suggest you to get your eyes checked as regular as once in a year once you attain the age of 40; as generally by this age the insulin level of the body is unbalanced and the composite of glucose starts depositing on different body parts which may lead to deadly diseases.
Eye flashes or photopsia can be caused by many conditions. Although flashes are harmless, they might indicate some serious eye issue which needs to be addressed immediately. Medical attention should be taken when flashes cause loss of vision and also small spots seem to float from one side to the other, thereby hindering the vision.
Migraines and very severe recurrent form of headaches which last for few hours to many days can cause visual symptoms. The light flashes look like zigzag lines, geometric patterns and sparkles when they occur with a migraine. Flashes might affect one eye or both and occur in the peripheral area of the vision. Light flashes sometime also occur due to ophthalmic migraine, a migraine without a headache.
Posterior Vitreous Detachment
The jelly like substance or the vitreous fluid fill the center of the eye and also gives it shape, is attached to the retina. With age and over time there is shrinking of the vitreous and it begins to detach from the retina. This is known as posterior vitreous detachment. In this the vitreous tugs or pulls on the retina, while the retina gets detached and stimulates it thus causing flashes to occur.
There is no known treatment for posterior vitreous detachment, through regular monitoring of the eye through eye checkups are helpful. Symptoms of this are similar to those of retinal detachment (condition in which there is permanent vision loss).
Retinal Detachment or Tear
Retinal tear and detachment also cause light flashes in the eye. This needs to be treated promptly. In case of permanent vision loss there is detachment of retina at the back of the eye, especially if the detachment takes place over the macula which is the main focus of the vision on retina. When the retina detaches from the eye, it loses the main source of nutrients. As there are photosensitive cells in the retina which are responsible for vision, the results of retina tear are severe.
Retinal damage occurs after trauma or as a complication from diabetes or posterior vitreous detachment. Vitreous gel tends to seep under the retina from the small crevices and holes formed by the retinal thinning. This in turn raises the sections and disconnects it from the eye. This can be corrected by laser treatment, cryopexy or an eye surgery.
A trauma like a hard blow on the head can lead the person to experience flashes of light. Also some medications can lead to toxic levels, like Digitalis can cause flashes of light. The symptoms of eye flashes also occur with macular degeneration, which is an age-related disease and in this the vision reduces gradually.
Anything that enters the eye from outside and causes inflammation or irritation, or even an abrasion, among varied other problems, can be termed as a foreign body. This foreign body usually ends up having an effect on the conjunctiva or the cornea. While the cornea is the outer layer that protects the eye, the conjunctiva is the membrane that covers the white portion of the eye. Here are a few ways for understanding and treating the entry of foreign objects into the eye.
Symptoms: To begin with, one must understand the symptoms so as to recognise the problem. A feeling of pressure or discomfort will be experienced by the patient, who will feel as though something is preventing him or her from shutting the eye properly. At the same time, too much tear formation and pain in the eyes will also point at the entry of the foreign object while redness and bloodshot eyes are also a common sight at such instances. The patient may be forced to blink at more than the normal rate, while glares of light will create pain and discomfort.
Causes: There are many kinds of foreign objects that can enter the eyes including fine substances like saw dust, dirt, grime, dust, sand and even the dust of cosmetics. Also, eye lashes, dried mucus, shards of glass and metal particles may enter the eyes and create an emergency situation. When the wind sweeps debris up, it may fall into a person’s eyes and settle there.
Prompt Action: As soon as you feel like something has entered your eye and does not seem to be leaving it even after continuous blinking, then you will need to see a doctor in the Emergency Unit of your hospital. Do not rub your eyes at all, as the foreign object may cause cuts inside and lead to bleeding and other complications. You must take special care to notice whether or not the object in the eye is sharp and is preventing you from shutting your eye properly, in which case immediate medical intervention and diagnosis will be required.
Treating the Foreign Object: With the aim of removing this object, the doctor may administer anaesthetic drops before using a fluorescein dye to find out what kind of object has entered. A moist cotton swab will be used for removal and an antibiotic ointment will be prescribed for any cuts. Acetaminophen can treat the pain while a CT scan can investigate any intraocular object.
You can also use a wet cloth to rinse and remove the object at home, but blurry vision and pain must be taken to an ophthalmologist immediately. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Are you suffering from eye pain? Well, rubbing your eyes is not a wise thing to do under such circumstances. Rubbing will only turn the white of your eye into a scarlet-colored surface. However, donot rub your eyes in case of foreign body. It might create corneal abrasions. You can dip your eye in a bowl of clean water to remove the foreign body. Consult your eye doctor immediately.
The eyes can get irritated due to the influence of foreign materials like dust particles, flies or remains of beauty products. The eyes also develop pain due to physical injury. Here are some tips to get rid of the eye pain or irritation: