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Corneal Diseases - 10 Facts About It!

Dr. Reema Das 90% (21 ratings)
Ophthalmologist, Gurgaon
Corneal Diseases - 10 Facts About It!

The cornea is a highly organized and advanced tissue present in the eye. It is one of the few tissues in the body that doesn't contain any blood vessels. It nourishes itself from the aqueous humor (or tears). The cornea has three different layers with two membranes embedded in it. Every membrane has its own set of functions.

Here is a list of 10 important facts about the cornea and corneal diseases:

  1. The cornea plays a pivotal role in helping the eye to focus on the light rays that enter it. Approximately 70 percent of the focusing power comes from the cornea. The cornea, along with the lens, is responsible for reflection and refraction in the eye.
  2. The epithelium is the outermost layer of the cornea. It restricts the entry of foreign particles into the eye and absorbs oxygen. This membrane is followed by the Bowman's membrane. The third layer is known as the stroma. It is responsible for the eye's elasticity and strength. The fourth layer is called the Descemet's membrane. This is a protective layer that safeguards the eye from any injury. The last layer is known as the endothelium. The primary task of this layer is to pump excess fluid into the other layers of the eye.
  3. Tears play a key role for an eye to function properly. Tears have three layers, namely lipid, aqueous and mucin. It helps the eye to heal any possible wounds and infection.
  4. The cornea, for the most part, heals by itself. Deeper injuries of the cornea can result in vision loss. Some of the common symptoms of corneal diseases are light sensitivity, pain in the eye, redness and reduced vision.
  5. The most common of eye allergies are caused due to pollen. This often happens when the weather is dry or warm. Some common symptoms include burning sensation, redness, tearing and stinging.
  6. The eye encounters a condition called 'dry eye' wherein the quantity of tears reduces, thereby creating a problem for lubrication. An ophthalmologist should be immediately consulted if this condition is encountered.
  7. Corneal dystrophy is a condition that clouds the cornea. It is a gradual progression and often affects both the eyes. It is usually inherited and can affect healthy individuals as well.
  8. Keratoconus is an eye condition that thins the cornea over a period of time. It is mostly prevalent among young adults. This condition results in changing the shape of the cornea and development of an outward bulge.
  9. Shingles is a recurrence of the viral infection caused by the Vatic El - La Zoster Virus. This virus has the capability to remain dormant inside the eye. It can become active after many years of dormancy and affect the cornea by travelling through the optic nerve. Doctors mostly prescribe an oral antiviral treatment to avoid inflammation.
  10. Some advanced treatment for corneal diseases includes corneal transplant surgery, anterior lamellar keratoplasty and endothelial lamellar keratoplasty
2803 people found this helpful

Eyelid Twitch - Common Causes!

Dr. Deepa Kapoor 93% (889 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Eyelid Twitch - Common Causes!

Eye twitching, tics in the eyelids and spasms in the eye are pretty common. In case of eye twitching, usually the lower eyelid becomes involved. The upper eyelid may also twitch in certain cases. Twitches are not permanent in nature, and they leave after some time. In some cases, eye twitching may last for long durations of time such as weeks or months.

Eye twitching is not a critical medical condition. It is a temporary prickling and irritation in the eyes, which ceases after some time. Common twitching of the eyes is not related to any neurological disorder.

Here are some reasons which cause eye twitches-

1. StressEvery individual goes through some amount of stress, and the body reacts differently in different people as a result of stress. An eye twitch may be caused due to stress, especially related to strain in the eyes.
In order to reduce stress you should practice yoga, meditation, perform breathing exercises and take a break. Reducing the stress would also cease the twitching in the eyes.

2. Tiredness- Eye twitching can appear when you are fatigued or very tired. Lack of proper sleep makes your body tired, and this might trigger eye twitching.
You should improve upon your sleeping hours and sleep more.

3. Eye strain- Vision problems and any issue related to the eyes can cause stress, which may result in constant twitching in your eyes. Whenever too much stress is imposed upon your eyes, they tend to react and twitching occurs. Any problem would make the eyes put in more effort, which results in strain.
You should have an eye check up if you experience an eye strain accompanied by twitching sensation in your eyes.

People who use computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones for a profuse period of time experience pain and twitching in the eyes. There is a 20-20-20 rule to be followed while using such devices, which reduces eye strain and reduces itching or twitching. You can also avail special eyeglasses for people who spend a lot of time on computers.

4. Caffeine- Intake of an excess amount of caffeine leads to eye twitching. Cut down your doses of coffee, tea, dark chocolates and soft drinks in case of eye twitching and you may observe an easing in the twitching.

5. Alcohol- Alcohol also leads to eye twitching so you must abstain from alcohol in case you are having twitching in the eyes.

6. Dry eyesThis disorder develops in people who have crossed the age of 50. People who use computers a lot also develop dry eyes, which leads to eye twitching.

Our eyes twitch because of a lot of reasons. You should know the facts right and avoid situations that lead to eye twitching.

1 person found this helpful

What Is Tension Headache?

Dr. N A Khan (Unani Specialist) 96% (820 ratings)
Doctor In Unani Medicine(D.U.M.B.I.M)
Sexologist, Delhi
What Is Tension Headache?

What is a tension headache?
One of the most common headaches experienced by adults is a tension headache or a stress headache. It is characterized by a dull pain in the head and behind the eyes, sometimes the back of the neck, and a feeling of pressure around the forehead. The person experiencing the headache feels like his head is being squeezed by a clamp. The pain is usually mild to moderate as opposed to the throbbing pain experienced during a migraine.

Why does tension headache occur?
There is no one cause for tension headaches. Numerous factors can come into play such as:

  • stress related to personal and professional life
  • emotional anxiety
  • mental anxiety
  • staring at a computer screen for a long time
  • excessive smoking and drinking
  • drinking too much caffeine
  • depression
  • exhaustion
  • iron deficiency
  • sinus infection
  • inadequate sleep or insomnia
  • hunger
  • skipping meals
  • fever
  • cold
  • flu

Tension headaches are generally of two types:

Episodic Tension Headaches - which can last from half an hour to a week. Episodic Tension Headaches occur less than 15 days in a month. If the Episodic Tension Headaches occur more frequently then they become Chronic Tension Headaches.
Chronic Tension Headaches - last for hours on end and occur 15 or more days in a month continuously.
If tension headaches disrupt your daily routine and you need to take medicines as frequently as twice or thrice a week you need to consult your family physician or a general physician.

If your headache suddenly becomes severe and you begin to slur while talking, or experience seizures, you need to contact a doctor without delay. Your headache, in this case, could be a symptom of a more serious underlying cause such as an aneurysm, brain tumor, or a stroke.

What are the symptoms of a tension headache? How is a tension headache diagnosed?
The symptoms of a tension headache include:

  • pain and pressure on the forehead, temples and top of the head
  • sensitivity to light and sound
  • people are able to go about their daily business despite the pain which is not incapacitating
  • irritability
  • trouble focusing
  • tenderness on scalp, shoulder, and neck muscles

No specific test is required to diagnose a tension headache. The diagnosis is usually based on your history of headaches, and particular times the headaches start for example, after a stressful time at work, being hungry for a long period etc. Your doctor may ask you to take a regular blood test to rule out any abnormality and to find out if there is any iron deficiency. Other than that no CT Scan or MRI is required.

5 people found this helpful

Eye Infection - Know More About Its Myths And Facts!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Eye Infection - Know More About Its Myths And Facts!

Eye Infection
An eye infection can occur due to microorganisms which are harmful to eyes including fungi, bacteria, and viruses. An eye infection can appear in many ways. It depends on which part of your eye is infected. You may experience a problem in your eyelid, conjunctiva, and cornea. The clear front surface of your eye is cornea. Conjunctiva is the thin, moist area that covers the outer layer of the eye and inside of the eyelids. You may have an infection in one eye or both the eyes. The two known eye infections are conjunctivitis and stye. The problem of conjunctivitis is also known as pink eye. It is a highly contagious disease. Stye is a bump on the eyelid that looks similar to a pimple or a boil. The various common symptoms of eye infection are redness, swelling, itching, pain, discharge, watery eyes, dry eyes, or loss of vision. You should reach out to the best doctor as soon as you experience the symptoms of an eye infection. Sometimes, a delay and ineffective treatment can harm your eyesight. Your doctor will provide you with a treatment on the basis of the exact cause of your infection. He or she may prescribe you eye drops, compresses, antibiotics, or creams.

A person may experience a problem in one or both eyes. Check out various symptoms or signs of an eye infection:

-  You may experience a pain or discomfort in your eye.

-  There can be itching in your eyes due to an eye infection.

-  You may have a burning sensation in your eyes.

-  You may complain of watery or dry eyes.

-  You may experience swelling around your eyes.

-  Your eyes may become sensitive to the light as they may hurt when there is a bright lighting.

-  You may get a small lump that is painful at the base of your eyelashes or under your eyelid.

-  You may feel like there is something inside your eye even when there is nothing.

-  You may have irritation in your eyes.

-  There can be a discharge in your eye.

-  Due to an eye infection, you may have blurred vision.

-  The colour of your eye may turn red.

-  You may experience pain when you touch your infected eye.

Check out various possible causes of eye infection:

-  Conjunctivitis or pink eye is a highly contagious disease that can transmit easily from one person to another. Daycare workers and teachers are at great risk of conjunctivitis as they work closely with children. This problem generally spread in classrooms, daycare centres, and other similar environments.

-  The other viral infections besides conjunctivitis including ocular herpes occur due to an exposure to the Herpes simplex virus.

-  Fungal keratitis is a fungal infection of the eye and this infection is associated with Fusarium fungi found in organic matter. It can enter your eye in many different ways as in the form of an injury caused by the branch of a tree.

-  Those who wear contact lenses are at a great risk of bacterial and fungal eye infections including Acanthamoeba keratitis. That is why a person should disinfect the contact lenses after removing them.

-  Trachoma is an eye infection that is associated with Chlamydia trachomatis. Generally, the inner eyelid is infected due to trachoma. This infection can spread due to flies in an environment which is not clean.

How is it diagnosed?
Sometimes, an eye infection can be major and at other times it can be minor. There are some infections that get resolved on their own with some care. You should reach out to an ophthalmologist if your symptoms are bothering you for more than 48 hours. The ophthalmologist can easily recognise your problem by knowing about your medical history, having a look at the appearance of your eye and knowing if it is one eye or both. An eye doctor has many lighted devices that help to look at the retina and cornea. If you are experiencing the problem of discharge from the eye then your doctor may get it tested to know the organism. Gonorrhoea, herpes simplex, and chlamydia are some of the common diseases for which the test is done.

Check out various tips that will help you to get prevention from an eye infection:

-  If you are with a person who is suffering from conjunctivitis then you should avoid touching your eyes until you wash your hands properly. It will reduce your chance of catching an eye infection.

-  You should use the anti-infective sprays and cleansers particularly in public areas such as classrooms and daycare centres.

-  If there is some family member who has got an eye infection then you should keep his or her towel and bed clean. He or she should not share these items with others. Such people should wash their hands frequently.

-  You should tell your children that they should not touch their eyes without washing their hands.

-  If you wear contact lenses then you should disinfect your lenses after removing them. Contact lens wearers should wash their hands before touching the lens.

-  You should never sleep with a contact lens in your eyes. Make sure that you remove your lenses before sleeping as it increases the risk of catching an eye infection.

Viral conjunctivitis or pink eye generally gets resolve without taking any treatment within a few days. In most of the cases, parasitic and fungal eye infections are treated with the help of certain medicines. Check out various treatment options that are available for treating an eye infection:

1.Most of the common bacterial infections get resolve with a quick treatment including prescribed ointments, compresses, or antibiotic eye drops.

2.There are some common viral eye infections that resolve on their own. But if you have a severe viral eye infection then your doctor may prescribe you an antiviral eyedrop. In some cases of viral eye infections, steroid eye drops are used to reduce inflammation.

3.Your doctor may recommend you to have antiviral or antibiotics medicines as per the exact cause of your infection. These medicines are taken orally. If your symptoms get worse after taking some medicines then you should immediately reach out to the best ophthalmologist.

It is important that you follow good hygiene practices with the treatment so that you can be cured at the earliest. You should not touch your eyes without washing your hands if you met a person with conjunctivitis. You must wash your hands frequently. If you are a contact lens wearer then you should use lenses with clean hands. You should not wear contact lenses while sleeping as sometimes it can lead to an eye infection.

An infection in the eye can lead to many complications. Check out various complications associated with an eye infection

-  Sometimes, an eye infection can affect the lower and upper areas of eyelids leading to chalazion or stye.

-  People may get serious eye infections that can affect the interior and deeper areas of the eyes. Such infection can lead to a sight-threatening condition including endophthalmitis.

-  Inflammatory conditions including uveitis and dacryostenosis can occur when an infection invades the tear glands of the eye.

-  There can be a blockage or inflammation in the tear drainage system of the eye due to an eye infection. This condition can lead to dacryocystitis.

-  A corneal ulcer can occur due to an infection in the eye. Corneal ulcer looks similar to an abscess on the eye. This condition should not be left untreated otherwise it can lead to the problem of vision loss.

-  Orbital cellulitis is an infection found around or in the soft tissue of the eyelids. It is an emergency situation as it can spread if not treated properly or left untreated.


Check out various myths about an eye infection:

Myth 1: Conjunctivitis is an eye infection that affects children only.

Fact: The problem of conjunctivitis or pink eye is generally linked with children. But it is a misconception that it can affect only children. As per research, elders are as equally as affected by conjunctivitis as children. It can occur due to parasites, bacteria, and viruses. It is not restricted to a particular age group. So, it is important that every person get protection from conjunctivitis as it is a highly contagious disease.

Myth 2: A single look can spread an eye infection.

Fact: It is a misconception or myth that an infection spreads by making an eye contact. By now, doctors are not able to discover that a disease can spread by just having an eye contact.

An eye infection can occur due to fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It can affect your eyelid, conjunctiva, and cornea. Red eyes, eye discharge, watery eyes, dry eyes, swollen eyes, blurry vision and light sensitivity are some of the common symptoms of an eye infection. You should reach out to the best doctor if your symptoms are bothering you. Sometimes, a delay in treatment can lead to major complication including vision loss. A person of any age can have an eye infection. You may have an infection in one eye or both the eyes.

Your doctor can easily recognise the problem by just having a look at the appearance of your eye. If you also have the problem of eye discharge then your doctor may ask you to get it checked to find out the organism. In some cases, tests are required such as gonorrhoea, herpes simplex, and chlamydia. Sometimes, an eye infection gets resolve on its own without any treatment. But in some cases, you should visit a doctor if you are experiencing symptoms for more than 48 hours. Your doctor may prescribe you ointments, compresses, antibiotic eye drops, antibiotic medications, or antiviral medications depending on your situation.

You should not touch your eyes until you wash your hands after meeting a person affected with an eye infection. You should wash your hands frequently in order to get prevention from an eye infection. Anti-infective sprays and cleansers should be used especially in public areas such as classrooms and daycare centres. Contact lens wearers should not touch lenses without washing their hands. They should wear lens when sleeping. They should disinfect the lenses after removing them.

Many complications are associated with an eye infection that is why you should get your eye checked regularly. An eye infection can affect the interior and deeper portion of eyes. An eye infection can lead to a corneal ulcer. It is important that one gets proper treatment for corneal ulcer otherwise it can to vision loss. Orbital cellulitis is another major complication that requires immediate treatment. People have many misconceptions about eye infection. Conjunctivitis is an eye infection that affects children only is one of the common myths. A single look can spread an eye infection is another myth.


2 people found this helpful

Eye Health - How To Achieve It?

Dr. Pavan Lohiya 92% (10 ratings)
MD - Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Eye Health - How To Achieve It?

The quality and sharpness of vision are generally measured with a Snellen chart. The Snellen chart shows letters of logically smaller size. Perfect vision is 20/20. This implies the patient or subject sees the same line of letters at twenty feet that a typical individual sees at twenty feet.

Here are a few doctor recommended tips that can be followed in order to achieve a perfect vision. These are as follows:

1. Eat right for good vision
Taking good care of your eyes begins with the food that you eat. Foods, for example, fatty acids, lutein, zinc and vitamins C and E may avert age related vision and eyesight problems, for example, macular degeneration and cataract as shown by certain studies. Eating these foods daily can lead to healthy eyesight. Following are some of the nutrients that can help us do so:

  • Green vegetables, for example, spinach, kale, and collards
  • Salmon and fish
  • Eggs, nuts, beans, and other non-meat protein sources
  • Oranges and different citrus natural products or juices
  • Shellfish and pork

2. Quit smoking
Smoking makes you more inclined to get cataract, optic nerve damage and macular degeneration. The more times you attempt to stop smoking, the more probable you are to succeed.

3. Wear shades
The right sort of shades will shield your eyes from the sun's bright (UV) beams. An excess of UV exposure makes you more inclined to get cataracts and macular degeneration. Pick shades that piece ninety nine to hundred percent of both UVA and UVB beams. Wraparound lenses shield your eyes from the side. Spellbound lenses diminish the glare when driving. Some of the contact lenses come with UV protection as well. It is still a smart thought to wear shades for more protection, however.

4. Turn away From the Computer Screen
Gazing at a computer screen for a really long time can bring about eye strain, foggy vision, trouble focusing at a distance, dry eyes. The muscles around the eyes can start getting weak and painful if given too much strain. Turn down the screen brightness. You need to at present have the capacity to see, however, you should not feel like you are gazing at a very bright light. In case you are reading from the computer, use the zoom capacity to make the content bigger.

5. Pencil exercise
Take a pencil, and place it some place in the centre. Draw a letter, number or dot in on any side of the pencil. For this activity, you will concentrate on the pencil and the spot as you move it toward and far from your eyes. Pencil push-ups are rumoured to correct twofold vision and crossed eyes, yet it cannot hurt to attempt them for different issues since it is free, easy, and just includes focusing and refocusing your eyes.

आँख के रोग - Aankh Ke Rog!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
आँख के रोग - Aankh Ke Rog!

आँखों से ही हम इस दुनिया के दृश्य रूप का अनुभव कर पाते हैं या फिर इसके अद्भुत सौंदर्य को निहार पाते हैं. इसीलिए आँखों को इवान ज्योति भी कहा जाता है. आँख के रोग होना आम तौर पर होने वाली परेशानियों में से एक है. इस समस्या के लिए कोई ख़ास उम्र नहीं होती है. ये किसी को भी कभी भी हो सकती है. ये रोग आपको जीवाणु, विषाणु, कवक या अन्य किसी प्रकार से भी हो सकता है. ये रोग आँखों के विभिन्न भागों में हो सकता है. हो सकता है कि ये एक साथ दोनों आँखों को प्रभावित कर दे. एक रोग होने के कारण ये एक व्यक्ति से दुसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकता है. इस दौरान आपको लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम आँखों के विभिन्न रोगों के बारे में जानें ताकि इस विषय में लोगों को जागरूक किया जा सके.

आँख के रोग के प्रकार

हमारे आँखों में होने वला ये रोग मुख्य रूप से दो प्रकार का होता है. एक है कंजंक्टिवाइटिस जिसे हम आम तौर पर पिंक आई के रूप में भी जाना जाता है. इस रोग का असर बच्चों पर बहुत ज्यादा पड़ता है. दुसरे का नाम है स्टाई, इसके होने का कारण है जीवाणुओं का हमारी त्वचा से पलकों के हेयर फॉलिकल पर आ जाना. इसकी वजह से ये प्रभावित होता है.

 आँखों को के रोग के लक्षण
इसके लक्षणों में लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याएं शामिल हैं. उपचार रोग के कारणों पर निर्भर करता है और इसमें आई ड्रॉप्स, क्रीम, या एंटीबायोटिक्स शामिल हो सकते हैं. नेत्र रोग आम तौर पर आत्म-सीमित होते हैं, और यह न्यूनतम इलाज या बिना इलाज के ठीक हो जाता है. कभी-कभी समस्या इतनी गंभीर हो जाती है कि यह अपने आप ठीक नहीं होता और दवाइयों और इलाज की आवश्यकता पड़ती है.

आँखों में होने वाले रोग का उपचार
अक्सर डॉक्टर आपके लक्षणों को देखकर और आपकी आँख की जाँच करके कंजंक्टिवाइटिस का निदान कर लेते हैं. हालांकि, कभी-कभी संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस और अन्य प्रकार के कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के निदान में भ्रम हो सकता है. संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस में डॉक्टर इसके लक्षणों और उपस्थिति से इसका निदान करते हैं. इसमें आंख को आमतौर पर एक स्लिट लैंप से देखा जाता है. संक्रमित रिसाव के नमूने को एकत्रित करके जाँच के लिए प्रयोगशाला भेजा जाता है ताकि रोग करने वाले जीव का पता लगाया जा सके.

लक्षण गंभीर पाए जाने पर
जब लक्षण गंभीर या बारम्बार होते हैं. जब रोग की वजह क्लैमाइडिया ट्रैस्कोमैटिस या नेइसेरिया गानोरिआ को माना जाता है. जब व्यक्ति को प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का एक नुकसान होता है. जब व्यक्ति को कोई आंख की समस्या होती है जैसे कि कॉर्नियल ट्रांसप्लांट या ग्रेव्स रोग के कारण आंख में फुलाव. स्वैब टेस्ट इस टेस्ट में स्वैब (जो कि रुई के फोहे जैसा दिखता है) के द्वारा आपकी संक्रमित आँख से चिपचिपे पदार्थ जिसे म्यूकस कहते हैं के एक छोटे से नमूने को इकट्ठा करके परीक्षण के लिए प्रयोगशाला में भेजा जाता है ताकि कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के प्रकार की पुष्टि हो सके.

इसका उपचार इसके होने की वजह पर निर्भर करता है. यदि आपको यह एक रासायनिक पदार्थ की वजह से हुआ है तो शायद कुछ ही दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाएं लेकिन यदि यह एक जीवाणु, वायरस, या एलर्जी से हुआ है, तो कुछ उपचार विकल्प हैं - बैक्टीरियल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस बैक्टीरियल रोग के लिए, एंटीबायोटिक दवाओं का उपयोग किया जाता है. एंटीबायोटिक दवा से लक्षण कुछ ही दिनों में चले जाते हैं. वायरल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस वायरल रोग के लिए कोई इलाज उपलब्ध नहीं है. यह रोग सात से दस दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाता है. तब तक, सिकाई करने से आपके लक्षणों में कमी आ सकती है.

एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस
एलर्जी के कारण हुए कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के इलाज के लिए आपके डॉक्टर शायद सूजन को रोकने के लिए आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन देंगे. लोराटाडिन और डिफेनहाइडरामाइन एंटीहिस्टामाइन होते हैं जो केमिस्ट के पास आसानी से उपलब्ध हैं. वे एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस सहित एलर्जी के लक्षणों को ठीक करने में मदद करते हैं. डॉक्टर आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन आईड्रॉप्स या एंटी-इंफ्लेमटरी आईड्रॉप्स भी दे सकते हैं.

How To Deal With Foreign Objects in The Eye?

Dr. Manik Mittal 86% (11 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD Ophthalmology, Senior Residency
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
How To Deal With Foreign Objects in The Eye?

Excessive blinking or the urge to rub your eyes is most often caused by foreign objects in your eyes. This foreign object can be anything from your own eye lash to dust or a shard of metal. The area these foreign objects affect is the cornea or the conjunctiva. It can scratch the cornea causing an infection of affecting your vision if not treated in time. A foreign object usually enters your eye as a result of a high impact collision or force like wind etc. Some of the symptoms of having a foreign object in your eye include:

  1. Pressure or discomfort in the eye
  2. Pain in the eye
  3. Excessive tearing and clear or bloody discharge from the eye
  4. Increased sensitivity to light
  5. Redness in the eye

Blinking continuously a few times can dislodge some types of foreign objects. If it affects your vision or causes constant tearing consult a doctor. Do not attempt to rub your eyes in an effort to remove the object. Instead restrict the movement of your eye until a doctor can remove the irritant. To avoid further injury to the eye, bandage the eye with a clean cloth. If the object does not allow you to close your eye, cover it with a paper cup and bandage it. Do not use anything, such as tweezers or cotton directly on the eye.

In some cases, the irritants can be seen with the naked eye. If you think something is stuck in your eye, wash your hands and look at your eye under a bright light. Pulling the lower lid down and flipping the upper eyelid can allow you to see the eye more clearly. To remove a foreign object under the upper eyelid submerge the eye in a flat bowl of water and rapidly open and close it a few times. This can help flush the object out of your eye. Alternatively pour a glass of warm water over your eye while keeping them open. Washing the eye can help get rid of irritants stuck under the lower eyelid.

In more serious cases, anesthetic drops are used to numb the eye. The eye will then be observed under a magnifying glass to see the extent of the injury. Your doctor may use several methods to remove the irritant depending on its size and extent of penetration. You may also be given medication to help deal with the pain caused by the object.

Computer Vision Syndrome - Symptoms And Treatment!

Dr. Rajeev Sudan 92% (55 ratings)
MD - Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Computer Vision Syndrome - Symptoms And Treatment!

With everything requiring a computer to execute, more and more people end up looking at the computer screen for hours on end. This could range anywhere from a couple of hours to really long hours like 16 to 18. The effect of is a group of symptoms, which are collectively known as computer vision syndrome or CVS (syndrome means a collection of symptoms). The cause of this is the strain and pain resulting from constant staring at the monitor.

It is a type of repetitive stress injury, where a particular organ, the eye here, is subjected to repeated action (staring at a monitor) resulting in a group of symptoms. This is also compounded by age, where the flexibility to adjust to near and far vision is gradually reduced.

Symptoms of CVS:

There is no damage per se, but a constant strain on the eyes leads to:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Double vision
  3. Dryness of the eyes
  4. Redness of the eyes
  5. Irritation of the eyes
  6. Headaches and neck/back aches

This could be a progressive condition, where the symptoms get worse with time. Treatment is definitely an option once the problem sets in, but this is a condition which can be definitely prevented with some simple, effective steps.

  1. Desk arrangement: Make sure the desk or monitor is slightly below eye level, about 30 inches away from the face. If you are straining the neck or the back to look at the monitor, it requires a change. The chair also can be changed in height to suit the seating. Also, prints can be pinned to the workstation when something is being typed, so constantly looking up and down while typing is avoided.
  2. Screen type: Move away from the older tube-style monitor with an LCD screen, which is easier on the eye. Check the computer settings so that brightness, contrast, and font size and shape and contrast are altered to suit your convenience. Ensure you are not requiring to strain to read.
  3. Alter the lighting: Look around you, and ensure there is adequate lighting with no glares on the monitor from surrounding windows or bright lights. A glare filter on the monitor is an effective way to manage this.
  4. Rest your eyes: Follow the 20-20-20 rule, with a 20-second break every 20 minutes where you look at something 20 feet away.
  5. Keep them moist: Blink your eyes constantly to ensure there is enough moisture. Eye drops can be used if required additionally.
  6. Frequent breaks: Not just your eyes, this also reduces strain on the neck and the back.
  7. Regular eye checkups: An annual visit, especially after 40, is a must for optimal eye health.
2744 people found this helpful

Keratitis - Know All About It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Keratitis - Know All About It!

What is Keratitis?

Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea. Cornea is the clear, dome-shaped tissue on the front of your eye that covers the pupil and iris.

Symptoms of Keratitis-

  • Eye pain
  • Watery eyes
  • Excess tears or other discharge from your eye
  • Difficulty opening your eyelid Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred or hazy vision
  • An itchy, burning or gritty feeling in your eye
  • Swelling around the eye
  • A feeling that something is in your eye

Causes of Keratitis-

  • Injury to an eye
  • Contaminated contact lenses
  • Viruses
  • Contaminated water

Risk factors of Keratitis-

  • Wearing contact lenses
  • Reduced immunity
  • Warm climate
  • Use of corticosteroid eye drops
  • Eye injury 

Complications of Keratitis-

  • Corneal ulcer
  • Corneal swelling and scarring
  • permanent reduction in your vision
  • Blindness

Diagnosis of Keratitis-

Diagnosis of Keratitis involves the following tests: 

  • Eye exam
  • Slit-lamp exam
  • Laboratory analysis

Precautions & Prevention of Keratitis-

  • If you have a cold sore or a herpes blister, avoid touching your eyes
  • Don’t use corticosteroid eye drops
  • Replace your contact lens case every three to six months
  • Wash, rinse and dry your hands thoroughly before handling your contact lenses
  • Discard solution in the contact lens case each time you disinfect your lenses

Treatment of Keratitis-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Keratitis
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Keratitis
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Keratitis
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Keratitis
  • Surgical Treatment of Keratitis
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Keratitis
  • Other Treatment of Keratitis

Homeopathic Treatment of Keratitis-

Homeopathy heals inflammation and relieves pain and watery eyes. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of keratitis are:

  • Calc
  • Thuja
  • Hepar
  • Euph
  • Puls
  • Merc
  • Sulph

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Keratitis-

Acupuncture diagnose by making an assessment of effect of external and internal factors like heat cold dampness etc.  It then rebalances elements to quickly relieve complaints. 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Keratitis-

For mild bacterial keratitis, antibacterial eyedrops treat the infection. For fungal keratitis, antifungal eyedrops and oral antifungal medication are required. Antibiotic eye drops are required when Keratitis is caused by the tiny parasite acanthamoeba. For viral keratitis, antiviral eyedrops and oral antiviral medications may be effective.

Surgical Treatment of Keratitis-

If keratitis causes permanent damage to the cornea that significantly impairs your vision, your doctor may recommend a corneal transplant.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Keratitis-

  • Extract from the root of the licorice plant may benefit symptoms of keratitis 
  • ginger could help relieve symptoms of keratitis

What Causes Computer Vision Syndrome?

Dr. Ankush Mutreja 92% (14 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, DNB - Opthalmology, Fellowship, Fellow of All India Collegium of Opthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
What Causes Computer Vision Syndrome?

Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) refers to a spectrum of eye-related problems caused due to continuous excessive use of computers and LED screens. Staring at a computer screen has become a daily routine for many of us. Work and pleasure both include using a computer or a tablet. Working on computers for long periods leads to pain in the eyes, strain and headache.

Why does CVS occur?

The mechanism of focus on a computer screen is far different from that of books. Books have to be focused a single time for reading. But the image on computer screen is being refreshed rapidly (40 – 60 times per second). So the eyes have to focus and defocus every time to see a new image clearly leading to strain. Apart from this main factor, other factors contributing to CVS are:

• Uncorrected spectacle power

• Inappropriate glasses

• Reduced blinking rate

• Wrong work posture

Dry eyes

• Job stress

• Age (after forties, the focusing power of eyes decrease)

What are the symptoms of CVS?

Common symptoms of CVS include eye pain, strain, headache, blurred vision (especially when changing focus from near to distance), tired eyes, redness and discomfort.

How to prevent CVS?

Following measures are advised for prevention of CVS:

Workstation ergonomics

• The top level of screen should be at eye level to prevent undue stress on neck

• Dark background behind the computer screen

• Avoid placing any light source immediately behind the computer screen

• Workstation should be placed in such a way that the user is not facing an air conditioner or cooler

• Footrest on floor

• Maintaining proper posture during work

Tips for user

• Follow the simple rule of 20:20:20, i.e., after every 20 mins of computer work, look at distant target and blink 20 times in 20 seconds

• Regular small breaks after every 45 minutes to one hour of work if working for long hours

• Regular eye examination by ophthalmologist

How to detect CVS?

Detection of CVS requires detailed eye examination by an ophthalmologist with the following tests:

• Refractive error

• Dry eye status

• Convergence power

• Evaluation of arrangement of computer workstation

How to manage CVS?

CVS is managed as per its cause.

• Prescription and use of correct refraction

• Using anti-glare/ blue cut glasses

• Dry eye management

• Orthoptic exercises for convergence insufficiency

Take home message CVS is a common eye problem among computer users and warrants proper evaluation and treatment by an eye specialist.

3407 people found this helpful

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