Diabetes is a scourge that has been spreading like wildfire across the globe. It is one of the major public health concerns of the modern era. Diabetes not only causes damage to your internal organs but will also take a toll on your eyes if left unchecked. Retinopathy, glaucoma, cataracts and blurry vision are common phenomena accompanying diabetes.
You may not notice it at first. Symptoms can include:
Blurry or double vision
Rings, flashing lights, or blank spots
Dark or floating spots
Pain or pressure in one or both of your eyes
Trouble seeing things out of the corners of your eyes
Thus Comprehensive Dilated Eye Exam plays an important role to detect it.
Here are some common Diabetic Eye Problems:
Blurry Vision: Do things turn blurry for you at times? Well it is not your glasses which are at fault but your high blood sugar count swelling up the lens within your eye and changing your ability to see. In order to correct your vision, you need to try bringing your sugar level back to the optimal range, which is 70 to 130 milligrams per deciliter. Do call on a doctor if the situation persists or deteriorates further.
Cataracts: Your eye lens is just like a camera that enables you to see through it by focusing on a particular object. If you have cataract, your otherwise clear lens gets shrouded a layer making it opaque and cloudy. You tend to face difficulties in the form of glares, blurred or clouded vision, and blind spots among other problems. Diabetics are prone to acquiring cataract much earlier than others, with the condition worsening subsequently. They are removed via surgery where your doctor substitutes your hazy lens with a new artificial one.
Glaucoma: You eye transmits images to your brain through the optic nerve. Pressure may build up within the optic nerve resulting in damage and ultimately causing total or partial blindness. This is a fairly common disorder with diabetics and a large number of cases pertaining to blindness due to diabetes are caused by this. Usually, glaucoma can be treated with laser, surgery, eye drops or medicines. It is important to visit a doctor as it can help stop the progression of the disorder much earlier.
Diabetic Retinopathy: The retina is a cluster of cells behind your eyes that absorbs light and converts them into images that are sent to the brain via your optic nerve. High blood sugar count can actually wreak havoc on the tiny blood vessels within your retina giving rise to diabetic retinopathy. Symptoms may include blurry vision, seeing spots, blind spots and difficulty in low light or night time. Retinopathy can cause you to progressively go blind and thus it is imperative that you go for periodic check-ups and keep your diabetes under control.
Control and Prevention
If you have diabetes, you are not doomed to develop diabetic eye disease. Although you are at risk, you have the ability to control your diabetes so your vision is not compromised. Controlling diabetes requires you to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly. Follow some steps to help you control and preserve your vision:
Taking your Medicines regularly as prescribed by your doctor. Skipping of medication may leads to irregular control and is more hazardous.
Eating Right food is essential when trying to prevent or control diabetes. Eat a diet that is high in nutrients, low in fat and moderate in calories. A high-fiber diet with low glycaemic index foods (slow-release carbohydrates) will keep blood sugar steady and make you feel full. Although you do not need to eliminate sugar completely, you must limit sugar to a small serving. The good news is that as you cut sweets, your cravings will change and you will naturally desire more healthy foods.
Keep your A1C level under 7%: A1C is a test you have during a visit to your endocrinologist to determine how well-controlled your diabetes has been during the previous 2-3 months. Keeping your blood glucose in this target range means less damage to the delicate blood vessels around your eyes.
Control blood pressure and Cholesterol Levels: People with diabetes have a greater chance of having high blood pressure and Cholesterol, which can cause eye blood vessel damage.
Regular Physical Exercise can help you control your blood sugar, increase fitness and reduce your risk for heart disease and nerve damage. You must track your blood sugar before, during and after exercise to prevent hypoglycaemia.
Annual comprehensive eye exams: If you are pre-diabetic or diabetic, it is even more important to have Complete Dilated eye exam to initially get baseline recordings of the eye conditions and then regular yearly follow-up visits to monitor changes in your vision. If you notice blurred vision and you have had diabetes for a length of time, it might be a signal you need to keep tighter control of your glucose levels.
When was the last time you visited an ophthalmologist? Chances are that unless you faced a problem in your eyes recently, it must have been months or even years. Most people only visit an eye specialist’s clinic when they experience some eye problem. This is not a good practice since the best way to avoid severe eye complications is to detect them in their early stages. Since some eye conditions are asymptomatic in their early stages, these conditions cannot be detected without a comprehensive eye exam. Either you must be aware of warning signs or visit an ophthalmologist once a year to avoid eye problems getting severe.
Warning signs that need immediate attention
Prevention is always better than cure and eyes are one part of your body that you most likely ignore unless the problems start looming large. When the warning signs are felt, it is better to seek medical attention to rule out any sort of complication.
Cataracts are a common eye problem experienced by the elderly. In some cases, babies may also be born with cataract as a congenital defect or it may develop as a result of conditions such as diabetes. Cataracts can affect one or both eyes and is characterized by the clouding of the lens in the eye. This can make it difficult to see clearly and if not treated in time can lead to blindness.
Common symptoms of cataract include:
An eye examination is the first step to diagnosing cataracts. To confirm a diagnosis the doctor will also dilate the pupil to check the lens. Most cataracts can be easily treated with surgery. This surgery involves the separation of the cataract from the lens and its removal after which an intraocular lens implant is placed in the eye. In cases where this cannot be used, corrective contact lenses or glasses will need to be used. One of the most popular methods of cataract surgery is known as phaco surgery or phacoemulsification.
This surgery involves making two, small incisions on the eye where the cornea meets the sclera. This is then used to create a circular opening in the lens through which a probe is inserted into the eye. Sound waves or laser is then used to break the cataract into small pieces. This is then removed from the eyes and an intraocular lens implant is put in its place. Stitches are rarely required for this surgery and it is usually performed as an outpatient procedure while the patient is under local anaesthesia. When treating cataract, both eyes are usually not addressed simultaneously.
This surgery is usually pain free. The operated eye may be bandaged overnight and the patient will be given a protective eye shield to be worn for a week. The doctor will ask you to get a check up 2-3 days after the surgery where they can evaluate the clarity of the lens, overall health of the eye, eye pressure and visual acuity.
Cataract surgery is generally considered to be a safe surgery but like any other surgery there are risks involved. Some of the possible complications of this type of surgery include:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Eye floaters are tiny spots or "cobwebs" that drift aimlessly around in your field of vision.
Though harmless yet very annoying, these eye floaters are very common.
Eye has two compartments : Anterior and Posterior. Posterior compartment is mostly filled with a gel-like substance known as vitreous. Ninety-eight percent (98%) of vitreous is water and the major extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules are collagen type II and hyaluronic acid. With age, the protein fibres that make up the vitreous shrink down to little shreds that clump together which cast shadows on the retina when light enters the eye which is appreciated as floaters. When eye and the vitreous gel inside the eye moves, these clumps move thereby their shadows drift which gives the impression of floaters. Eye floaters are particularly pronounced if you gaze at a white or light-coloured background.
Are Eye Floaters A Medical Emergency?
A few floaters are not a cause for concern. However, when there is a shower of floaters especially if accompanied by flashes of light, get retina evaluation by retina specialist immediately. This could appear when the retina is becoming dislodged commonly known as retinal detachment. A recent study showed that sudden appearance of eye floaters and/or flashes of light were initial symptoms of a torn retina in 8.9% patients. In that case, consult retina specialist and get proper treatment on an emergency basis.
Other conditions associated with Eye Floaters:
How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters?
Majority of eye floaters are annoying but harmless. If avoided, these usually fade and become less bothersome. So, no treatment is required in a majority of cases. Treatment is usually advised for large persistent floaters.
Treatment options include:
High blood pressure can lead to hypertension, which is known to cause a variety of debilitating side effects or symptoms in the life of the patient. It can also lead to a number of related ailments which can affect the various organs of the body. The eyes are one of the organs that are most susceptible to this kind of spike in the body’s blood pressure. Let us learn more about the connection between the two.
Retina: When high blood pressure goes untreated for a prolonged period, it can easily start to affect the blood vessels that can be found in the retina. The retina is the third or the inner most layer of the eye which is sensitive towards light and usually helps in refraction. This is where the light reaches so that one can focus clearly on an image. When the blood pressure of the patient stays high for a prolonged basis, there is significant pressure on the blood vessels in this part of the eye which can lead to an eye disease known as hypertensive retinopathy.
Symptoms: Symptoms of this eye disease include lack of clarity and focus when the eye comes to rest on an object, as well as headaches and other vision problems that typically spring from eye strain that one will go through while trying to focus even harder. It may be seen that the symptoms do not appear in the very early stages of this disease.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the condition is usually done by an ophthalmologist who will use an ophthalmoscope in order to project light towards the specific part of the eye so that the back of the eyeballs can be examined. The signs that the doctor will look for during the examination include narrowing of the blood vessels in this part of the eye, inflammation of the macula which is the central portion of the retina, and bleeding in the back of the eye. Also, the doctor will check for spots in the retina with the help of cotton swabs and exudates.
Treatment: The best and only way of treating this condition is by keeping one’s blood pressure in control with the help of medication prescribed by the doctor.
Prevention: There are many ways of preventing the onset of this disease, including losing weight so that there is less pressure on the body. Also, one must stick to a healthy diet and exercise regularly after taking recommendations on the appropriate exercises from the doctor. Additionally, it is also important to see a doctor on a regular basis so that there is constant monitoring and regulation of the medicines and the blood pressure.
A detailed eye checkup, particularly for retina, is advised at least once in a year.
Vision, hearing, and speech are an important part of your child's life. When an infant is born, his or her eyesight is immature. The infant later develops the ability to focus. Hearing appears early in fetal development and is necessary for proper progression of speech and language. Monitoring your child's ability to see, hear, and speak is an important part of the health of your growing child.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Optometric Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have recommended the following vision screening stages:
Newborn. All newborns are examined in the nursery for eye infections and other eye disorders, such as glaucoma.
6 months. Visual screening of infants should be performed during the well-baby visits, particularly checking for how the eyes work together.
3 to 4 years. Formal visual acuity tests and the complete eye exam should be performed.
5 years and older. Annual visual screening tests and eye exams should be performed.
Children develop speech, language, and hearing skills at different ages. However, hearing loss can lead to delays in your child's ability to make sounds, learn to speak, and communicate. The AAP recommends hearing screening for all newborns before they leave the hospital. Talk with your child's healthcare provider if you're concerned about your child's hearing or speech, or if you notice any of the following:
No response to sound at any age
Infant doesn't move or jump when a loud sound is made
No babbling by the time the infant is 9 months old
No words spoken by age 18 to 24 months
Doesn't follow simple commands by age 2
Poor voice quality at any age
Antrior most transparent layer of the eye is called cornea. It is an extremely useful layer for refraction and protection of eye. Any trauma, foreign body or chemical etc can invade the integrity of this layer and can be invaded by bacteria, fungus or virus, resulting in the corneal ulcer. Sometimes, due to hypoxia induced by contact lenses too can result in a corneal ulcer.
Depending on clinical presentation, a doctor diagnoses the cause of the ulcer and start the therapy. Since the transparency of cornea is very important, a doctor starts very intensive therapy. With repeated frequent checkups if a proper and intensive therapy is not given, the ulcer can progress and can cause collection of pus in the anterior chamber which if not attended properly, can cause the infection to travel into the interior of the eyeball (vitreous chamber) resulting in total blindness. The ulcer can become deeper and lead to perforation of the cornea, causing severe damage to the eye and may require removal of pus (evisceration) or total removal of the eye ball.
Generally, fungal ulcers are more dangerous and occur mostly in rainy season.
Conclusion: Corneal Ulcer is a serious challenging problem with the potentiality to cause total and irreparable blindness and must be attended promptly by a very expert ophthalmologist to save the eye. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Technology is both boon and bane. Most jobs nowadays are partially automated, and it has become necessary for many to work long hours on the computer. If you are one such person, then you might be experiencing one or many symptoms related to eyes. The eye muscles get fatigued when eyes stare on the computer screen for a long time, and this can cause a host of eye problems. Referred to as Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS), the condition can range from eye pain to problems with eye sight.
The following is a short account of a few simple but effective measures that you can follow to avoid eye problems caused by extensive use of computers.
Apart from these practices, adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as eating a balanced diet, exercising, quitting smoking and wearing sunglasses while out can help preserve eye health in general. Also, it is essential to undergo regular eye check up to catch any eye problems at its early stages.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
आँखों में संक्रमण होना आम तौर पर होने वाली परेशानियों में से एक है. इस समस्या के लिए कोई ख़ास उम्र नहीं होती है. ये किसी को भी कभी भी हो सकती है. ये संक्रमण आपको जीवाणु, विषाणु, कवक या अन्य किसी प्रकार से भी हो सकता है. ये संक्रमण आँखों के विभिन्न भागों में हो सकता है. हो सकता है कि ये एक साथ दोनों आँखों को प्रभावित कर दे. एक संक्रमण होने के कारण ये एक व्यक्ति से दुसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकता है. इस दौरान आपको लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ सकता है.
आँखों में संक्रमण के प्रकार
हमारे आँखों में होने वला ये संक्रमण मुख्य रूप से दो प्रकार का होता है. एक है कंजंक्टिवाइटिस जिसे हम आम तौर पर पिंक आई के रूप में भी जाना जाता है. इस संक्रमण का असर बच्चों पर बहुत ज्यादा पड़ता है. दुसरे का नाम है स्टाई, इसके होने का कारण है जीवाणुओं का हमारी त्वचा से पलकों के हेयर फॉलिकल पर आ जाना. इसकी वजह से ये प्रभावित होता है.
इसके लक्षणों में लालिमा, खुजली, सूजन, दर्द जैसी समस्याएं शामिल हैं. उपचार संक्रमण के कारणों पर निर्भर करता है और इसमें आई ड्रॉप्स, क्रीम, या एंटीबायोटिक्स शामिल हो सकते हैं. नेत्र संक्रमण आम तौर पर आत्म-सीमित होते हैं, और यह न्यूनतम इलाज या बिना इलाज के ठीक हो जाता है. कभी-कभी समस्या इतनी गंभीर हो जाती है कि यह अपने आप ठीक नहीं होता और दवाइयों और इलाज की आवश्यकता पड़ती है.
आँखों में होने वाले संक्रमण का उपचार
अक्सर डॉक्टर आपके लक्षणों को देखकर और आपकी आँख की जाँच करके कंजंक्टिवाइटिस का निदान कर लेते हैं. हालांकि, कभी-कभी संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस और अन्य प्रकार के कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के निदान में भ्रम हो सकता है. संक्रामक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस में डॉक्टर इसके लक्षणों और उपस्थिति से इसका निदान करते हैं. इसमें आंख को आमतौर पर एक स्लिट लैंप से देखा जाता है. संक्रमित रिसाव के नमूने को एकत्रित करके जाँच के लिए प्रयोगशाला भेजा जाता है ताकि संक्रमण करने वाले जीव का पता लगाया जा सके.
लक्षण गंभीर पाए जाने पर
जब लक्षण गंभीर या बारम्बार होते हैं. जब संक्रमण की वजह क्लैमाइडिया ट्रैस्कोमैटिस या नेइसेरिया गानोरिआ को माना जाता है. जब व्यक्ति को प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का एक नुकसान होता है. जब व्यक्ति को कोई आंख की समस्या होती है जैसे कि कॉर्नियल ट्रांसप्लांट या ग्रेव्स रोग के कारण आंख में फुलाव. स्वैब टेस्ट इस टेस्ट में स्वैब (जो कि रुई के फोहे जैसा दिखता है) के द्वारा आपकी संक्रमित आँख से चिपचिपे पदार्थ जिसे म्यूकस कहते हैं के एक छोटे से नमूने को इकट्ठा करके परीक्षण के लिए प्रयोगशाला में भेजा जाता है ताकि कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के प्रकार की पुष्टि हो सके.
इसका उपचार इसके होने की वजह पर निर्भर करता है. यदि आपको यह एक रासायनिक पदार्थ की वजह से हुआ है तो शायद कुछ ही दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाएं लेकिन यदि यह एक जीवाणु, वायरस, या एलर्जी से हुआ है, तो कुछ उपचार विकल्प हैं - बैक्टीरियल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस बैक्टीरियल संक्रमण के लिए, एंटीबायोटिक दवाओं का उपयोग किया जाता है. एंटीबायोटिक दवा से लक्षण कुछ ही दिनों में चले जाते हैं. वायरल कंजंक्टिवाइटिस वायरल संक्रमण के लिए कोई इलाज उपलब्ध नहीं है. यह संक्रमण सात से दस दिनों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाता है. तब तक, सिकाई करने से आपके लक्षणों में कमी आ सकती है.
एलर्जी के कारण हुए कंजंक्टिवाइटिस के इलाज के लिए आपके डॉक्टर शायद सूजन को रोकने के लिए आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन देंगे. लोराटाडिन और डिफेनहाइडरामाइन एंटीहिस्टामाइन होते हैं जो केमिस्ट के पास आसानी से उपलब्ध हैं. वे एलर्जिक कंजंक्टिवाइटिस सहित एलर्जी के लक्षणों को ठीक करने में मदद करते हैं. डॉक्टर आपको एंटीहिस्टामाइन आईड्रॉप्स या एंटी-इंफ्लेमटरी आईड्रॉप्स भी दे सकते हैं.
Headaches are common among working people as accumulated stress results in headaches and tiredness. Among the many different causes, strain on the eyes is one of the leading reasons for that annoying headache.
Taking an eye exam is recommended in case you are having headaches. The issues may not always be related to the eyes, but still a thorough eye check up is recommended. Strain in the eye is caused when small muscles present in the eye have to put in more effort than usual. Symptoms include aching, tired eyes with blurred vision and accompanying headaches. Such headaches are caused because of the following reasons:
The cornea is in abnormal shape and causes people to squint when they want to focus, and this leads to bad headaches.
This disorder is also called farsightedness. In case of this disorder, the images are focused by the eye behind the retina, and causes blurred vision and strain upon the eyes. Headaches occur as a result.
This kind of problem occurs when the lens hardens and becomes inflexible with old age. This makes it hard for a person to focus and causes sore eyes along with headaches.
All disorders or conditions of the eyes can be rectified with the use of prescribed spectacles and contact lenses. For people already having glasses, regular eye check up should be carried out. Your power may increase which you are unlikely to notice, so regular check ups are vital.
Headaches related to eye strain and eye problem can also develop from other causes. They are:
1. Glaucoma, an eye disease also causes headaches. This disease is characterized by the development of a fluid in the eyes, which in turn causes the internal eye pressure to shoot up. This pressure fluctuation can lead to headaches in many cases of glaucoma.
2. Cataract affected people suffer from headaches as well. Cataracts develop in individuals due to ageing. The lens becomes cloudy, and the vision gets blurred and slowly diminishes. The eye has to give more effort resulting in eye strain and accompanying headaches.
In case you are having headaches, and you are not being able to find out the reason behind it, you should have an eye check up. Eyes are very sensitive and added strain to them causes headaches. People who use computers for long hours are affected by headaches due to eye strain. The best prevention is to have an eye examination and switch to glasses or lenses if required.
Headaches are of various kinds and arise from different factors, but eye strain is known to cause a lot of headaches in people who do eye stress involving activities.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!