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Endocrine Surgery Tips

Best Surgeon in Delhi!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

A general surgeon are expert at performing various surgeries of various body organs like gallbladder, gastric disorders, thyroid gland and soft tissue surgery. Here are best surgeons in Delhi, who you can consult:

1. Dr. C.S. Ramachandran

FICS, FCCP (USA), DNB (General Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS

Dr. C.S. Ramachandran has 45 years of experience as laparoscopic and bariatric surgeon in Delhi. He is a member of Association of Surgeons of India (ASI). He is known for his services are- laparoscopic and endocrine surgery, fistula treatment , gastrointestinal and endo surgeries. He is associated with many hospitals and clinics like Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Noble Medicare and Dr. Ramachandran Clinic.

Consultation fees:  ₹1500

2. Dr. Manish K Gupta

MBBS, DNB - General Surgery, FIAGES

Dr. Manish K Gupta has 14 years of experience and is an Advance Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeon at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi. His main area of interest is the laparoscopic management of gallbladder, hernia, colo-rectal surgery & Bariatric surgery (obesity or weight loss surgery). He has been awarded as best doctor award in 2008 at Fortis Hospital. He is an active member of various medical associations. He is also associated with New Life Clinic, Delhi.

Consultation fees:  ₹800-2150

3. Dr. Vijay Arora

MS - General Surgery, MBBS

Dr Vijay Arora has over 50 years of experience surgeon in New Delhi. He specialises in laparoscopic procedures related to oesophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts. He is an active member of many prestigious organisations and associations. He is also associated with Sama Nursing Home, Delhi.

Consultation fees:  ₹2000

4. Dr. Saket Goel

MS, MBBS, Clinical Fellow Pancreatic Surgery, FMBS

Dr. Saket Goel has more than 21 years of experience and is currently associated with Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals and Goel's Clinic. He has done several fellowships at national and international level. He has performed several surgeries like- laparoscopic cholecystectomy, hernia repair, inguinal, ventral, appendicectomy. He is also known for his successful bariatric surgeries. 

Consultation fees:  ₹1000- 1500

5. Dr. Srikrishna Das

MBBS, MS - General Surgery

Dr. Srikrishna Das is a General Surgeon with 15 years of experience and currently practices at  Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. He has done fellowship in Laproscopic Surgery (Minimal Access Surgery) after completing his MBBS. He is an active member of Association of Surgeons of India (ASI), Association of Surgeons of India (ASI). He is known for his treatments and surgeries related to kidney stone treatment, pancreatic surgery and piles treatment

Consultation fees:  ₹1000- 1500

6. Dr. Ashish Pitale

MBBS, MS - General Surgery

Dr Ashish Pitale has 27 years of experience and has special expertise in Laparoscopic (key hole) Surgery including Bariatric ( Weight Loss) surgery. He is associated with many hospitals and clinics across Delhi- NCR.

Consultation fees:  ₹500-900

7. Dr. Binod Samal

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Laparoscopic, Burns & Plastic

Dr. Binod Samal is a General Surgeon with 28 years of experience. He currently practices at New Life Centre For Surgery in IP Extension, Delhi. He is a specialist who deals with burn cases and plastic surgery. He is a member of Delhi Medical Council and Medical Council of India (MCI).

Consultation fees:  ₹600

8. Dr. Pankaj Sharma

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery

Dr. Pankaj Sharma is amongst the leading Bariatric surgeon in Delhi, India with 25 years of experience. He is associated with Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi. His areas of expertise include Advanced Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery (for Severe Obesity), Metabolic Surgery (for Diabetes) and GI Surgery.

Consultation fees:  ₹800-1000

9. Dr. Shailender Kumar Jain

MBBS, MS - General Surgery

Dr. Shailendra Kumar Jain has 17 years of experience and is a very reputed name in West Delhi. He has performed thousands of successful surgeries with special focus on laparoscopic and endocrine surgery, fistula treatment , gastrointestinal and endo surgeries. He is currently practicing at Surgical Solution, Delhi.

Consultation fees:  ₹400

10. Dr. Rahul Sinha

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery )

Dr. Rahul Sinha has 21 years of experience as laparoscopic surgeon in Delhi. He is a member of Association of Surgeons of India (ASI). He is known for his services are- laparoscopic and endocrine surgery, fistula treatment , gastrointestinal and endo surgeries. He is associated with many hospitals and clinics like Apollo and Max Super Speciality hospital.

Consultation fees:  ₹300- 850

Things To Know About Endocrine Surgery!

Dr. Harika Tirungari 89% (103 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Things To Know About Endocrine Surgery!

What is an Endocrine Surgery?

It is a surgery of one or more endocrine glands. Endocrine glands are glands which secrete hormones and control function of almost all the cells in the body. It is a surgical subspecialty. It includes surgery of endocrine glands, such as the thyroid gland, the parathyroid gland, the adrenal gland, glands of the endocrine pancreas, and some neuroendocrine glands.

Which are the Clinical Conditions that require Endocrinal Surgeries?

The conditions which require endocrinal surgery are as follows:

  1. Thyroid disorders: Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), thyroid nodules, goiter, thyroid cancer, and thyroid cyst
  2. Parathyroid disorders: Primary hyperparathyroidism
  3. Adrenal gland disorders: Conn syndrome, pheochromocytoma, adrenocortical cancer, or Cushing's syndrome
  4. Diseases of pancreas: Insulinomas, gastrinomas, or type 1 diabetes
  5. Diseases of the pineal gland
  6. Disorders of the pituitary gland

Which surgeries are included in it?

Surgeries can be minimally invasive, such as laparoscopic surgeries or open surgeries. It includes following surgeries:

  1. Surgical removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) either as a part of the gland (lobectomy or hemithyroidectomy) or the whole gland (total thyroidectomy)
  2. Surgical removal of the parathyroid gland (parathyroidectomy)
  3. Surgical removal of the adrenal gland (either laparoscopic removal or open surgery)
  4. Adrenalectomy (i.e., surgical removal of the adrenal gland)
  5. Pancreatic surgery (simple tumor enucleation to larger resections)
  6. Surgical removal of the pineal gland (pinealectomy)
  7. Surgical removal of the pituitary gland (hypophysectomy or transsphenoidal surgery)

What Care needs to be Taken Preoperatively?

Following tests need to be done prior to the surgeries:

  • Complete blood count
  • Kidney profile
  • Serum electrolytes
  • Blood group
  • Blood sugar
  • ECG (for the patients who are 40 years and older)
  • Chest X-ray (for the patients who are 60 years and older)All the tests need to be done 24 hours before the surgery.

After completing the tests, the doctor will evaluate the reports and will advise undergoing surgery accordingly.

Which medication needs to be adjusted?

Medications which need to be adjusted before the surgery are as follows:

  1. Aspirin, ibuprofen, and vitamin E should be stopped one week prior to surgery unless otherwise directed by the doctor.
  2. Dosages of coumadin, steroids, and/or insulin need to be adjusted or substituted by another medication before surgery.

What are the complications of surgery?

Following are the most common complications:

  1. Infection due improper aseptic precautions
  2. Bleeding from the surgical wound
  3. Change in a patient’s voice and swallowing difficulty
  4. Low thyroid function
  5. Hypoparathyroidism (low blood levels of calcium caused by the removal of the parathyroid)
  6. Formation of seroma (swelling caused by a collection of fluid beneath the incision site)

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3217 people found this helpful

Types of Endocrine Surgery

Dr. Rakesh Dhupia Jain 86% (11 ratings)
MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery )
General Surgeon, Indore
Types of Endocrine Surgery

Our endocrine glands work overtime to keep us healthy by secreting hormones which reach each and every cell in our body through the blood. These hormones evoke life changing responses in other cells to keep us alive and healthy. Endocrine surgery is a term for an operation in any one or more endocrine glands in your body.

Types of endocrine glands

  1. Thyroid gland: This is the most important endocrine gland in your body and it secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism.
  2. Parathyroid glands: There are 4 parathyroid glands and these are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck region. These glands secrete the parathyroid hormone which controls calcium levels in the body.
  3. Adrenal glands: These are located over the kidney. There are 2 adrenal glands and these secrete adrenaline, aldosterone and cortisol- the body’s fight or flight hormone. These also maintain salt levels in the blood and the blood pressure.
  4. Neuroendocrine glands of the pancreas: These are located in the pancreas behind the stomach. They work to control glucose levels and glucose metabolism.
  5. Pituitary gland is the master gland of the body: It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and other important hormones that control ovaries, thyroid and other endocrine glands in your body.

Endocrine surgery
Depending on the endocrine gland being operated upon, there are different types of endocrine surgeries. The most important ones are-

  1. HypophysectomyThis is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland. It is a very sophisticated and critical surgery that surgeons resort to, if there is a tumor in the pituitary gland - especially craniopharyngioma tumors. It can cause atrophy of thyroid, adrenal glands and the ovaries as the pituitary secretes hormones to control their function. In addition, it can result in sterility and sometimes results in a non-functional reproductive tract in both men and women.
  2. Thyroidectomy: It is an operation that involves removal of the entire or parts of the thyroid gland in the neck. Trained ENT or endocrine surgeons perform this operation, which is indicated for thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, goiter or Graves disease. Sometimes it is done for treating an enlarged thyroid gland or obstructions in the neck region, causing problems in swallowing or breathing. In cases of total thyroidectomy patients will need life long thyroid hormone supplementation. Sometime patient can have change in voice which is usually temporary.
    • Since the thyroid produces several hormones like thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin, you will have to take oral synthetic hormones all your life post surgery. The thyroid is usually removed through an incision in the neck. These days there is the option of minimally invasive surgeries too.
  3. Adrenalectomy: It is the removal of one or both adrenal glands to treat tumors of the adrenal glands. It is done using an open incision or laprascopic technique.
  4. Pinealectomy: It is a surgical procedure in which the pineal gland is removed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2763 people found this helpful

Endocrine Surgery - Quick Facts You Must Know!

Dr. Srikrishna Das 89% (23 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship In Laparoscopic & Robotic Onco-Surgery, Fellowship In bariatric surgery, F.I.A.G.E.S
General Surgeon, Delhi
Endocrine Surgery - Quick Facts You Must Know!

The endocrine system is a major component of the human body which maintains and regulates secretion and the levels of hormones in our body. These hormonal balances and secretions are necessary for the proper functioning of the different cells of our body.

The major endocrine glands include the pituitary glands, the pineal gland, pancreas, testes, ovaries, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, etc. and all the surgical procedures that are related to these organs are grouped under endocrine surgery. There are a few essential things one needs to know and understand about endocrine surgeries:

Why would you need an endocrine surgery?
The endocrine glands secrete various types of hormones that maintain the proper functioning of different cells of the body. Some hormones are essential for growth, some for maintaining blood glucose levels and proper metabolic rate and some for the growth of sex organs and sexual characters. Disruption in any such function indicates a problem with the endocrine glands.

Endocrine surgery is an uncommon specialty
There are approximately 200 active endocrine surgeons in the US and about 100 abroad. Due to many complexities in this field, there is still a huge scarcity of specialized surgeons and practitioners all over the world. As a result, bulks of such cases are operated by surgeons not specialized in this field of work. Such practices are still considered useful despite the fact that superior outcomes can be achieved if they are performed by specialists.

Procedures related to endocrine surgeries
There are various operative procedures carried out during an endocrine surgery. Depending upon the extent of damage of the endocrine glands and as per the requirements, the procedures may vary. Surgeries include the partial or total removal of the endocrine glands. In the case of thyroid surgeries, the patient is given general anesthesia, and an incision is made in front of the neck. After that, by dividing the muscles, the thyroid gland is cut out. Nowadays less invasive procedures are more commonly practiced.

What are some possible complexities of endocrine surgeries?
Despite the high success rates, there are always complications related to such surgeries. A few of such complications might even cost your life if not treated properly. In the case of thyroid surgeries, there might be occurrences of chest infections, heart problems, blood clotting and infections. Post surgery bleedings may occur and may result in a swollen throat. In some cases, there may be damages to the voice box and parathyroid glands too.

Are endocrine surgeries accessible and affordable?
Endocrine surgeries are specialized surgeries. Although such surgeries are performed by the non-specialists widely, the best results are yielded by the specialized practitioners only. The surgeries are affordable when done by the non-specialised surgeons, but while considering specialized surgeons, similar operations are much costlier due to the scarcity of medical professionals in that field.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2056 people found this helpful

Endocrine Surgery - Know Its Types!

Dr. Ajay Gupta 92% (224 ratings)
FIAGES, FMAS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Pune
Endocrine Surgery - Know Its Types!

Our endocrine glands work overtime to keep us healthy by secreting hormones which reach each and every cell in our body through the blood. These hormones evoke life changing responses in other cells to keep us alive and healthy. Endocrine surgery is a term for an operation in any one or more endocrine glands in your body.

Types of endocrine glands

  1. Thyroid gland: This is the most important endocrine gland in your body and it secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism.
  2. Parathyroid glands: There are 4 parathyroid glands and these are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck region. These glands secrete the parathyroid hormone which controls calcium levels in the body.
  3. Adrenal glands: These are located over the kidney. There are 2 adrenal glands and these secrete adrenaline, aldosterone and cortisol- the body’s fight or flight hormone. These also maintain salt levels in the blood and the blood pressure.
  4. Neuroendocrine glands of the pancreas: These are located in the pancreas behind the stomach. They work to control glucose levels and glucose metabolism.
  5. Pituitary gland is the master gland of the body: It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and other important hormones that control ovaries, thyroid and other endocrine glands in your body.

Endocrine surgery
Depending on the endocrine gland being operated upon, there are different types of endocrine surgeries. The most important ones are-

  1. HypophysectomyThis is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland. It is a very sophisticated and critical surgery that surgeons resort to, if there is a tumor in the pituitary gland - especially craniopharyngioma tumors. It can cause atrophy of thyroid, adrenal glands and the ovaries as the pituitary secretes hormones to control their function. In addition, it can result in sterility and sometimes results in a non-functional reproductive tract in both men and women.
  2. Thyroidectomy: It is an operation that involves removal of the entire or parts of the thyroid gland in the neck. Trained ENT or endocrine surgeons perform this operation, which is indicated for thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, goiter or Graves disease. Sometimes it is done for treating an enlarged thyroid gland or obstructions in the neck region, causing problems in swallowing or breathing. In cases of total thyroidectomy patients will need life long thyroid hormone supplementation. Sometime patient can have change in voice which is usually temporary.
    • Since the thyroid produces several hormones like thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin, you will have to take oral synthetic hormones all your life post surgery. The thyroid is usually removed through an incision in the neck. These days there is the option of minimally invasive surgeries too.
  3. Adrenalectomy: It is the removal of one or both adrenal glands to treat tumors of the adrenal glands. It is done using an open incision or laprascopic technique.
  4. Pinealectomy: It is a surgical procedure in which the pineal gland is removed. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2875 people found this helpful

Endocrine Surgery - Are You Aware Of These Types?

Dr. Prashanth Hegde 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Gastroenterology
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Endocrine Surgery - Are You Aware Of These Types?

Our endocrine glands work overtime to keep us healthy by secreting hormones which reach each and every cell in our body through the blood. These hormones evoke life changing responses in other cells to keep us alive and healthy. Endocrine surgery is a term for an operation in any one or more endocrine glands in your body.

Types of endocrine glands

  1. Thyroid gland: This is the most important endocrine gland in your body and it secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism.
  2. Parathyroid glands: There are 4 parathyroid glands and these are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck region. These glands secrete the parathyroid hormone which controls calcium levels in the body.
  3. Adrenal glands: These are located over the kidney. There are 2 adrenal glands and these secrete adrenaline, aldosterone and cortisol- the body’s fight or flight hormone. These also maintain salt levels in the blood and the blood pressure.
  4. Neuroendocrine glands of the pancreas: These are located in the pancreas behind the stomach. They work to control glucose levels and glucose metabolism.
  5. Pituitary gland is the master gland of the body: It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and other important hormones that control ovaries, thyroid and other endocrine glands in your body.

Endocrine surgery
Depending on the endocrine gland being operated upon, there are different types of endocrine surgeries. The most important ones are-

  1. HypophysectomyThis is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland. It is a very sophisticated and critical surgery that surgeons resort to, if there is a tumor in the pituitary gland - especially craniopharyngioma tumors. It can cause atrophy of thyroid, adrenal glands and the ovaries as the pituitary secretes hormones to control their function. In addition, it can result in sterility and sometimes results in a non-functional reproductive tract in both men and women.
  2. Thyroidectomy: It is an operation that involves removal of the entire or parts of the thyroid gland in the neck. Trained ENT or endocrine surgeons perform this operation, which is indicated for thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, goiter or Graves disease. Sometimes it is done for treating an enlarged thyroid gland or obstructions in the neck region, causing problems in swallowing or breathing. In cases of total thyroidectomy patients will need life long thyroid hormone supplementation. Sometime patient can have change in voice which is usually temporary.
    • Since the thyroid produces several hormones like thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin, you will have to take oral synthetic hormones all your life post surgery. The thyroid is usually removed through an incision in the neck. These days there is the option of minimally invasive surgeries too.
  3. Adrenalectomy: It is the removal of one or both adrenal glands to treat tumors of the adrenal glands. It is done using an open incision or laprascopic technique.
  4. Pinealectomy: It is a surgical procedure in which the pineal gland is removed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2929 people found this helpful

Robotic Cancer Surgery - How It Can Benefit You?

Dr. Sandeep Nayak 89% (43 ratings)
MBBS, DNB Gen Surgery, DNB Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Bangalore
Robotic Cancer Surgery - How It Can Benefit You?

With the dawn of modern technology, the sight of robots performing a surgery under the control of an expert surgeon is fast turning into a reality. Robotic surgery is one of the latest and greatest advancements in surgical cancer care. It is, mostly, sought for its unmatched levels of precision and control.

The da Vinci Robot, which is the only medically approved robotic surgical system, employs the use of 3D vision for the surgeon, and extremely precise agile robotic tools. This surgical method is one of the greatest inventions in modern surgery that aims to provide greater control to the surgeon at all times. For patients, this means quicker recovery times, minimal scarring, lower complications and higher satisfaction.

Robotic cancer surgery can be performed for most of the cancer surgeries. However, the maximum benefit is for the following conditions:

  1. Prostate cancer
  2. Bladder cancer
  3. Gynaecologic cancer
  4. Thyroid tumors
  5. Lung cancer
  6. Gastrointestinal cancer

Benefits of robotic cancer surgery:

  1. Less scarring: The minimally invasive approach of robotic surgery contributes to minimal scarring. Instead of having a deeper incision of up to 5 or 6” on the skin, patients can have a series of small incisions or one relatively smaller incision, based on the nature of the surgery.
  2. Shorter hospitalization: With minimal incisions, postoperative care is speeded and pain is lessened. This surgery will not require the patients to stay for a prolonged period of time in the hospital. At the most, they tend to spend up to two nights in the hospital, if the situation demands so. As a result of this, within no time, you can get back to your normal life.
  3. Limited drugs: With traditional surgery, typically a patient is administered a lot of painkillers to alleviate pain. However, with robotic surgeries, thanks to decreased postoperative pain after surgery, the patient will not need excessive painkillers to help them deal with pain.
  4. No blood loss: During traditional open surgery, patients tend to typically lose between 600cc to 1000cc of blood, depending on the area of treatment. As a result, postoperative transfusion of blood becomes a necessity. However, during robotic surgery, blood loss is usually 200cc or less and so there is no need for transfusions.
  5. Accuracy and precision: The 3D vision and other advanced tools employed by robotic surgery allow for better surgical accuracy, which is greatly needed in cancer surgeries. Especially in the case of prostate cancer, if tumour is in a critical location, then a robotic surgery is handy to carry out the procedure, without damaging the important nerves. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Oncologist.
2646 people found this helpful

Endocrine Surgery - Understanding The Types!

Dr. Manish K. Gupta 90% (69 ratings)
F.I.A.G.E.S , MNAMS (Membership of The National Academy) (General Surgery), DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Endocrine Surgery - Understanding The Types!

Our endocrine glands work overtime to keep us healthy by secreting hormones which reach each and every cell in our body through the blood. These hormones evoke life changing responses in other cells to keep us alive and healthy. Endocrine surgery is a term for an operation in any one or more endocrine glands in your body.

Types of endocrine glands

  1. Thyroid gland: This is the most important endocrine gland in your body and it secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism.
  2. Parathyroid glands: There are 4 parathyroid glands and these are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck region. These glands secrete the parathyroid hormone which controls calcium levels in the body.
  3. Adrenal glands: These are located over the kidney. There are 2 adrenal glands and these secrete adrenaline, aldosterone and cortisol- the body’s fight or flight hormone. These also maintain salt levels in the blood and the blood pressure.
  4. Neuroendocrine glands of the pancreas: These are located in the pancreas behind the stomach. They work to control glucose levels and glucose metabolism.
  5. Pituitary gland is the master gland of the body: It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and other important hormones that control ovaries, thyroid and other endocrine glands in your body.

Endocrine surgery
Depending on the endocrine gland being operated upon, there are different types of endocrine surgeries. The most important ones are-

  1. HypophysectomyThis is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland. It is a very sophisticated and critical surgery that surgeons resort to, if there is a tumor in the pituitary gland - especially craniopharyngioma tumors. It can cause atrophy of thyroid, adrenal glands and the ovaries as the pituitary secretes hormones to control their function. In addition, it can result in sterility and sometimes results in a non-functional reproductive tract in both men and women.
  2. Thyroidectomy: It is an operation that involves removal of the entire or parts of the thyroid gland in the neck. Trained ENT or endocrine surgeons perform this operation, which is indicated for thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, goiter or Graves disease. Sometimes it is done for treating an enlarged thyroid gland or obstructions in the neck region, causing problems in swallowing or breathing. In cases of total thyroidectomy patients will need life long thyroid hormone supplementation. Sometime patient can have change in voice which is usually temporary.
    • Since the thyroid produces several hormones like thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin, you will have to take oral synthetic hormones all your life post surgery. The thyroid is usually removed through an incision in the neck. These days there is the option of minimally invasive surgeries too.
  3. Adrenalectomy: It is the removal of one or both adrenal glands to treat tumors of the adrenal glands. It is done using an open incision or laprascopic technique.
  4. Pinealectomy: It is a surgical procedure in which the pineal gland is removed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Surgeon.
1978 people found this helpful
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