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Eardrum Rupture Tips

Tympanoplasty - Know Forms Of It!

Tympanoplasty - Know Forms Of It!

Tympanoplasty is a surgical operation for reconstruction or repairing of a perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the middle ear bones (ossicles). The purpose is to also improve or restore hearing at the same time. It can be performed under general or local anesthesia. Eardrum might get perforated from chronic infection or from trauma to the eardrum.

Types of Tympanoplasty:

These are the following types of Tympanoplasty:

  1. Type I Tympanoplasty (Myringoplasty): It involves the restoration of perforated eardrums by grafting with materials like Gelfilm, AlloDerm, Gelfoam, fat, and cigarette paper.

  2. Type II Tympanoplasty: It is used for tympanic perforations with malleus erosion and involves grafting onto the incus or remains of malleus.

  3. Type III Tympanoplasty: It involves placing a graft onto stapes on the destruction of two ossicles and providing protection for the assembly.

  4. Type IV Tympanoplasty: Used for ossicular destruction, it involves placing a graft around or onto a stapes footplate.

  5. Type V Tympanoplasty: It is used when a footplate of stapes is fixed.

Diagnosis:

A complete physical test is performed along with an audiogram and a history of hearing loss, keeping into consideration of facial weakness or vertigo. Otoscopy assesses the mobility of the tympanic membrane and malleus. A fistula test is recommended in case of dizziness or marginal perforation of the eardrum.

Procedure:

The surgeon must consider the location and size of the perforation when Tympanoplasty is considered.

  1. In Type I Tympanoplasty when perforation is small, an incision is made into an ear canal to elevate away and lift the remaining eardrum forward from the bony ear canal, using an operating microscope to see into the ear. If a perforation is large or if it is far forward, away from the surgeon’s view, an incision might be performed behind the ear to elevate the outer ear forward, which helps in providing access to perforation.

  2. When the perforation is exposed, the remnant is forwardly rotated and the bones are inspected. Scar tissue, if present, is removed with laser or micro hooks.

  3. Tissues are taken from the back of the ear, the tragus, or from a vein, then dried and thinned.

  4. The graft is supported by placing an absorbable gelatin sponge under the eardrum, then inserted underneath the eardrum remnant, and folded back onto the perforation to provide closure. The sheet is also then placed against the graft which helps to prevent it from sliding out.

  5. If it is open from the back, the ears are stitched together with sutures being buried under the skin. A sterile patch is placed outside the ear canal.

Results:

Ninety percent of the time, Tympanoplasty is successful. This surgery relieves pain and removes infection symptoms entirely. Hearing loss is extremely minor or not at all there after it.

Post-Operative Care:

  1. It is common to have a discharge from an external ear for a few days after surgery. But if this problem continues, the doctor should be consulted.

  2. Don’t touch or remove the packing in the ear canal.

  3. Keep the ears dry until it heals completely.

  4. Don’t lift heavy weights until it heals completely.

  5. Avoid flying for a few weeks post-surgery to protect tympanums against fluctuating air pressure.

  6. Avoid coughing, straining, blowing nose, and sneezing to avoid dislodging of graft.

Postoperative care is required on the part of the patient as mostly it is a daycare or maximum one-day stay procedure. But the complete healing takes minimum one and a half to two months time.

Take Away:

Tympanoplasty is performed to repair the eardrum and middle ear. It also improves hearing. Most of the time, the procedure is successful, relieving pain and eliminating infections completely. However, consulting a doctor is always advisable.

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Tympanoplasty - Know The Types & Procedure Of It!

Tympanoplasty - Know The Types & Procedure Of It!

Tympanoplasty is a surgical operation for reconstruction or repairing of a perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the middle ear bones (ossicles). The purpose is to also improve or restore hearing at the same time. It can be performed under general or local anesthesia. Eardrum might get perforated from chronic infection or from trauma to eardrum.

Types of Tympanoplasty:

These are the following types of Tympanoplasty:

  1. Type I Tympanoplasty (Myringoplasty): It involves the restoration of perforated eardrums by grafting with materials like Gelfilm, AlloDerm, Gelfoam, fat, and cigarette paper.

  2. Type II Tympanoplasty: It is used for tympanic perforations with malleus erosion and involves grafting onto the incus or remains of malleus.

  3. Type III Tympanoplasty: It involves placing a graft onto stapes on destruction of two ossicles and providing protection for the assembly.

  4. Type IV Tympanoplasty: Used for ossicular destruction, it involves placing a graft around or onto a stapes footplate.

  5. Type V Tympanoplasty: It is used when a footplate of stapes is fixed.

Diagnosis:

A complete physical test is performed along with an audiogram and a history of hearing loss, keeping into consideration of facial weakness or vertigo. Otoscopy assesses the mobility of the tympanic membrane and malleus. A fistula test is recommended in case of dizziness or marginal perforation of the eardrum.

Procedure:

The surgeon must consider the location and size of the perforation when Tympanoplasty is considered.

  1. In Type I Tympanoplasty when perforation is small, an incision is made into an ear canal to elevate away and lift the remaining eardrum forward  from the bony ear canal, using an operating microscope to see into the ear. If perforation is large or if it is far forward, away from the surgeon’s view, an incision might be performed behind the ear to elevate the outer ear forward, which helps in providing access to perforation.

  2. When the perforation is exposed, the remnant is forwardly rotated and the bones are inspected. Scar tissue, if present, is removed with laser or micro hooks.

  3. Tissues are taken from the back of the ear, the tragus, or from a vein, then dried and thinned.

  4. The graft is supported by placing an absorbable gelatin sponge under the eardrum, then inserted underneath the eardrum remnant, and folded back onto the perforation to provide closure. The sheet is also then placed against the graft which helps to prevent it from sliding out.

  5. If it is open from the back, the ears are stitched together with sutures being buried under the skin. A sterile patch is placed outside the ear canal.

Results:

Ninety percent of the time, Tympanoplasty is successful. This surgery relieves pain and removes infection symptoms entirely. Hearing loss is extremely minor or not at all there after it.

Post-Operative Care:

  1. It is common to have a discharge from an external ear for a few days after surgery. But if this problem continues, the doctor should be consulted.

  2. Don’t touch or remove packing in the ear canal.

  3. Keep the ears dry until it heals completely.

  4. Don’t lift heavy weights until it heals completely.

  5. Avoid flying for a few weeks post-surgery to protect tympanums against fluctuating air pressure.

  6. Avoid coughing, straining, blowing nose, and sneezing to avoid dislodging of graft.

Take Away:

Tympanoplasty is performed to repair the eardrum and middle ear. It also improves hearing. Most of the time, the procedure is successful, relieving pain and eliminating infections completely. However, consulting a doctor is always advisable.

2600 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Everything You Should Know About It!

Eardrum Rupture - Everything You Should Know About It!

Tympanic Membrane, commonly known as eardrum, divides external parts of the ear (consisting of Pinna or Auricle and External Auditory Cavity) and the middle ear (Tympanic cavity).  The function of the Tympanic Membrane is to transmit the sound of air via ossicles of the middle ear to the oval window in the cochlea. It converts and amplifies vibration in air to the vibration in fluid.

An eardrum rupture is a small hole or tear in the thin tissue which divides the external ear canal and middle ear. A person with a ruptured eardrum may feel a clap of thunder or earache. This may also lead to hearing loss. An eardrum rupture is also known as a perforated eardrum or punctured eardrum.

Causes of Rupture Eardrum:

There are many causes of ruptured eardrums, and some of the most common causes are listed below:

Ear Infection:

Infections are one of the most common causes of ruptured eardrums. During an ear infection, the fluid accumulates in the ear, which builds pressure causing a tear of Tympanic Membrane.

Change in Pressure:

Activities that cause pressure changes in the ear may lead to a rupture in the eardrum. It is called  Barotrauma. This mainly happens when the pressure of the external ear is drastically different from the inner ear.

Activities which may cause Barotrauma are:

  1. Flying in an airplane

  2. Scuba diving

  3. Shock waves

  4. Driving at high altitudes

  5. Forceful  and direct impact to the ear

Ear Injury:

Ear injuries may also perforate the eardrums. Any ear injury or head injury on the side of the ear may break the Tympanic Membrane and lead to ruptured eardrums. Injuries that may harm eardrums are:

  1. Getting hit in the ear

  2. Injuries in which a person falls on his/her ears

  3. Ear injuries during sports

  4. Car accidents

Acoustic Trauma:

Damage to the ear due to noise or loud sounds can also rupture the eardrum. However,  the evidence of this is yet to be found.

Other causes include skull fractures, foreign objects, and severe head trauma.

Symptoms of Rupture Eardrum:

  1. Earache

  2. Pus or blood released from the ear

  3. Tinnitus

  4. Vertigo

  5. Nausea

  6. Hearing loss

  7. Vomiting or dizziness

Diagnosis for Eardrum Rupture:

Diagnosis entails:

  1. Fluid Sample Test: If an eardrum rupture is caused by infection, doctors perform fluid tests. In this type of test, doctors take a sample of fluid that leaks from the ear and send it to the laboratory.

  2. Otoscope Exam: In this type of examination, doctors use specialised instruments with light to see the ear canal.

  3. Audiology Exam: In this type of examination, doctors test the hearing range and capacity of the person.

  4. Tympanometry: In this type of test, doctors insert a tympanometer into the eardrum to check the ear responses on pressure change.

Treatment of  Rupture Eardrum:

There are many treatment options available for rupture eardrum. Doctors advise these treatments depending upon the severity and condition to provide relief from pain, eliminate infection, and prevent hearing loss in future. Some of the treatments are listed below:

Antibiotics:

If the condition is not critical, doctors usually prescribe medicines to the patient. These medicines help to clear up the infection and protect a person from developing a perforated eardrum. Doctors may also prescribe some ear drops along with medication.

Patching:

In this type of treatment, doctors place a medicated patch on the eardrum. This patch encourages tears to heal and grow back together.

Surgery:

Ruptured eardrum can be easily cured with these two methods of treatment. However, in rare cases, doctors recommend surgery to patch the tear. This type of surgery is known as Tympanoplasty. In this method, the surgeon takes a part of tissue and grafts it over the tear of the eardrum.

Conclusion:

Above are some of the common methods of treating ruptured eardrums. However, it is always advisable to consult a doctor before reaching any conclusion. Also, taking some preventive measures like keeping ears dry, clean, infection free, etc. can help a person protect his/her ears from being punctured or ruptured. Do not insert anything inside the ear canal in an attempt to clean ear wax.

4049 people found this helpful

Ear Drum Perforations - How To Handle Them?

Ear Drum Perforations - How To Handle Them?

Eardrum perforation is a condition that is more common in young children, though it can affect people across all age groups. A rupture or a hole in the thin membrane separating the ear canal from the middle ear results in eardrum perforation.

Here is a brief account that will help you further understand the symptoms so as to seek treatment at the right time before the condition causes any complication.

Signs and symptoms:
A person with a perforated eardrum may have symptoms that include,

  1. Sharp pain that subsides quickly
  2. Ear fluid release
  3. Ringing sound in the ear (tinnitus)
  4. Partial or complete hearing loss
  5. Occasionally, fever

Causes of Eardrum Perforation:
The causes of eardrum hole may stem from an infection, injury or chronic disorders related to Eustachian tube. A perforated eardrum from trauma may occur when there is a skull fracture or after a sudden explosion or if the ear is struck directly. In patients with chronic problems with Eustachian tube, the eardrum can become weak and open up. Eardrum perforations may also be caused due to rapid pressure changes such as during air travel.

Treating Eardrum Perforations:
A perforated eardrum caused by infections or pressure changes usually cures in weeks without treatment, however, when the condition does not improve for a significant period of time, medical intervention is required.
Before attempting to correct any eardrum perforation, a hearing test is required to be performed. Then the treatment process would be initiated to close the perforation. This is done due to the advantages it provides including preventing water from entering the middle ear while taking a bath or swimming or showering and also improved hearing. It also prevents the development of cholesteatoma which may cause chronic infection as well as the destruction of the internal ear structures.

When the perforation is too small, a patient may be advised to observe the problem and check whether it is healing on its own. The hearing is generally improved with the closure of the eardrum. An ENT specialist may determine whether a paper patch will be able to provide an adequate closure of the hole in the eardrum and in case it doesn't help, surgery may be required to help the condition.

There are many treatment options, but most of them involve placement of the new patch across the perforation for allowing it to heal. This process is medically termed as tympanoplasty, and the surgery is quite useful in repairing the perforation which helps in bringing back the lost sense of hearing.

Eardrum perforation is a serious health condition that needs to be treated without further delay. It is essential to consult with an ENT specialist to get it treated before any complications arise.

3693 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Know The Causes, Symptoms & Treatments For It!

Eardrum Rupture - Know The Causes, Symptoms & Treatments For It!

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment: The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

10835 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Causes & Treatment!

Eardrum Rupture - Causes & Treatment!

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are :

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis

Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment

The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

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Ear Infections In Child - Natural Remedies To Treat Them!

Ear Infections In Child - Natural Remedies To Treat Them!

Ear aches are a common complaint for many children. An ear infection can be explained as an inflammation of the middle ear. Unlike other aches, this one cannot be soothed by scratching or applying pressure and hence makes children cranky. Ear infections are usually triggered by bacteria or viruses. This causes inflammation that narrows the tube in the ear and allows fluid to build up. This fluid buildup is responsible for the pain

However, not all ear infections need to be treated with medication. When it comes to treating ear aches in children, picking a natural remedy is a much better option ,since it has no side effects and can address the root cause of the infection. Here are a few natural remedies for earaches:

  1. Compress: Hot and cold compresses are very effective ways of treating pain and can be used for earaches as well. Place an ice pack or a warm, moist compress over the ear to soothe the ache. Heat relaxes the muscles and stimulates blood flow while ice controls inflammation and swelling. Hot and cold compresses should not be applied for over 20 minutes at a time. 
  2. Water: Some actions can help open up the eustachian tube to the middle ear. Swallowing is one such action. To encourage your child to swallow, offer him lots of fluids. 
  3. Oil: Before using oil to treat an earache ensure that your child is not suffering from a ruptured eardrum and there is no fluid leaking from the ear. Pouring a few drops of warm olive oil or sesame oil can help soothe the pain by opening up the eustachian tube. It can also prevent the buildup of excessive ear wax and form a protective layer on the outer ear against bacteria and other infections. 
  4. Elevate the head: Elevating a child's head can help improve sinus drainage. When it comes to children, instead of using a pillow below their head, place the pillow below the mattress to create a gradual slope. 
  5. Onion: Onions can be used in many different ways to treat earaches. You could either juice an onion and put a few drops of the same in the ear or slice an onion in half and heat it before placing it over the ear like an ear muff. Onion contains anti inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help soothe earaches effectively and quickly. 
3641 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Diagnosis And Treatment!

Eardrum Rupture - Diagnosis And Treatment!

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment: The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

2392 people found this helpful

कान का पर्दा फटना- कान में छेद का इलाज - Kaan Ka Parda Fatna - Kaan Mein Chhed Ka Ilaj!

कान का पर्दा फटना- कान में छेद का इलाज - Kaan Ka Parda Fatna - Kaan Mein Chhed Ka Ilaj!

कान का पर्दा ज्ञानी ईयर ड्रम हमारे कान का एक ऐसा महावपूर्ण हिस्सा है, जिसकी सहायता से बाहर की किसी भी प्रकार की ध्वनि, हमारे कानों तक पहुँचती है. यानि हम कह सकते हैं कि कान हमारे शरीर का एक ऐसा सक्रिय अंग है जो हमें सुनने में सक्षम बनाने का काम करता है. कान के परदे की नली में मौजूद वैक्स, मूल रूप से मृत कैरोटीन ओ साइट्स से निर्मित होता है. कान का पर्दा बीच में तथा दोनों कान की नालियाँ इसके दाएं और बाएं और होती हैं. कान के पर्दे को मेडिकल भाषा में किन पैनिक झिल्ली कहते हैं. अतः जब भी कान के पर्दे में कोई बाधा या छेद हो जाए तब इसे कान के पर्दे का फटना कहते हैं. या का में छेद होना कहते हैं.

कान के पर्दे के फटने का क्या अर्थ है?
इसका एक मात्र उत्तर जानने के लिए हमें कान तथा, कान के परदे में कार्य के बारे में जानने की आवश्यकता होगी. इस क्रम में आपको बताते चलें कि हमारे आसपास उत्पन्न होने वाली किसी भी प्रकार की ध्वनि, कंपन के रूप में कानों के पर्दों में जाकरटकराती है. तत्पश्चात कान के पर्दे से उन कंपनों को विशिष्ट सिग्नल में परिवर्तित करके इसे हमारे मस्तिष्क में पहुंचाया जाता है. अर्थात कानों के पर्दों का कार्य ध्वनि के सिग्नल को दिमाग तक पहुंचाना है. लेकिन जब भी किसी वजह से कान के पर्दे में कोई छेद होता है तब यह सिग्नल को दिमाग तक पहुंचने में असक्षम होते हैं. जिससे व्यक्ति की सुनने की क्षमता में असर पड़ता है. तब कहते हैं कि कान का पर्दा फट गया या कान में छेद हो गया.

कान के परदे में छेद होने के कारण

  • किसी वस्तु कान में डालने से हुआ छेद
  • चोट लग जाने से खेलकूद के दौरान
  • कान के बल गिरना
  • हाथापाई में लगने वाली चोट
  • स्कूबा डाइविंग
  • अधिक ऊंचाई पर जाने से
  • एयरक्राफ्ट में सफर

कान के पर्दे फटने के लक्षण

  • अगर कान में दर्द है चाहे कम या अधिक तो यह एक लक्षण हो सकता है.
  • कान में घंटियां बजना या सुनने की क्षमता कम होना.
  • चक्कर आना, कान में हवा चलने का एहसास आदि कुछ और लक्षण हो सकते हैं.

इसके अलावा कlन से तरल का बहना या खून आना भी एक लक्षण हो सकता है. तरल का स्त्राव संक्रमण होने का इशारा करता है. ऐसा ज्यादातर छोटे बच्चों और उन लोगों में अधिक होता है, जिन्हें सर्दी और जुकाम की शिकायत होती है.

कैसे करें कान में छेद होने की पहचान
कान के डॉक्टर के लिए ENT डॉक्टर के पास जाना अनिवार्य है. यहाँ ENT का मतलब Ear, Nose or Throat के डॉक्टरों से है.
ENT डॉक्टर आपकी कान से रिसने वाले तरल का सैंपल लेकर उसकी जांच करता है. इसके अलावा कुछ विशेष जांच जैसे : ऑटो स्कोप, ऑडियोलॉजी, पता लगता है और जरूरी दवा और इलाज लिखता है.

कान में छेद होने का इलाज

  • चिकित्सकीय इलाज
  • कान के पर्दे में छेद का इलाज दर्द को दूर करने के लिए और भविष्य में संक्रमण को रोकने के लिए किया जाता है. डॉक्टर पर्दे फटने में निम्न प्रकार से आपका इलाज करता है.

पैचिंग: - इस विधि में का इस्तेमाल तब करते हैं जबकि आपके कान का पर्दा स्वत ठीक नहीं होता. ऐसी स्तिथि में आपका चिकित्सक छेद पर एक प्रकार की पैच या चेपी लगाकर इस पैच के सहारे पर्दे की झिल्ली को बढ़कर आपस में मिला देता है.

जीवाणुरोधी दवाइयों के द्वारा: - जीवाणुरोधी दवाइयों ईयर ड्रॉप्स और दवाई आपको डॉक्टर तब लिखता है जब आपके पर्दे में छेद की वजह संक्रमण हो साथ ही ये जीवाणुरोधी दवाइयाँ आपको छेद के कारण होने वाली संक्रमण के खतरे से भी बचाती हैं.

सर्जरी: - इस विधि में आपका इलाज सर्जरी के माध्यम से किया जाता है. इसके लिए सर्जरी के द्वारा आपके पर्दे को फिर से जोड़ दिया जाता है.

घरेलु उपचार

  • घरेलु उपचार में रोगी को ठंडा और गर्म सेक करने की सलाह दी जाती है.
  • कान का पर्दा बिना इलाज के कुछ हफ़्तों में अपने आप ठीक हो जाता है. यदि आपकी सर्जरी यानि ऑपरेशन हुआ है तो आपको पूरी तरह ठीक होने में कुछ हफ़्तों का समय लग सकता है.
     
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Eardrum Rupture - How To Treat It?

Eardrum Rupture - How To Treat It?

An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases.

A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture.

Some of the causes for such a perforation are:

  1. Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases.
  2. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane.
  3. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack.

Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum:

  1. A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection.
  2. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel
  3. An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit
  4. Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear.

Treatment: The treatments are as follows:

  • Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film.
  • Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops.
  • Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty.

A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.

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