Abnormal development of the ear can lead to a lot of complications in the anatomy of the ear such as developmental and hearing problems. It can also give a deformed look to the ear. As such, ear deformity surgery corrects the shape of the ear and facilitates activities inside of it.
Types of ear deformities which can be treated with ear deformity surgery:
Ear deformity surgery is performed by a team of experts and plastic surgeons. Ear reconstruction can also be performed after an ear deformity surgery.
Tympanoplasty is a surgical operation for reconstruction or repairing of a perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the middle ear bones (ossicles). The purpose is to also improve or restore hearing at the same time. It can be performed under general or local anesthesia. Eardrum might get perforated from chronic infection or from trauma to eardrum.
Types of Tympanoplasty:
These are the following types of Tympanoplasty:
Type I Tympanoplasty (Myringoplasty): It involves the restoration of perforated eardrums by grafting with materials like Gelfilm, AlloDerm, Gelfoam, fat, and cigarette paper.
Type II Tympanoplasty: It is used for tympanic perforations with malleus erosion and involves grafting onto the incus or remains of malleus.
Type III Tympanoplasty: It involves placing a graft onto stapes on destruction of two ossicles and providing protection for the assembly.
Type IV Tympanoplasty: Used for ossicular destruction, it involves placing a graft around or onto a stapes footplate.
Type V Tympanoplasty: It is used when a footplate of stapes is fixed.
A complete physical test is performed along with an audiogram and a history of hearing loss, keeping into consideration of facial weakness or vertigo. Otoscopy assesses the mobility of the tympanic membrane and malleus. A fistula test is recommended in case of dizziness or marginal perforation of the eardrum.
The surgeon must consider the location and size of the perforation when Tympanoplasty is considered.
In Type I Tympanoplasty when perforation is small, an incision is made into an ear canal to elevate away and lift the remaining eardrum forward from the bony ear canal, using an operating microscope to see into the ear. If perforation is large or if it is far forward, away from the surgeon’s view, an incision might be performed behind the ear to elevate the outer ear forward, which helps in providing access to perforation.
When the perforation is exposed, the remnant is forwardly rotated and the bones are inspected. Scar tissue, if present, is removed with laser or micro hooks.
Tissues are taken from the back of the ear, the tragus, or from a vein, then dried and thinned.
The graft is supported by placing an absorbable gelatin sponge under the eardrum, then inserted underneath the eardrum remnant, and folded back onto the perforation to provide closure. The sheet is also then placed against the graft which helps to prevent it from sliding out.
If it is open from the back, the ears are stitched together with sutures being buried under the skin. A sterile patch is placed outside the ear canal.
Ninety percent of the time, Tympanoplasty is successful. This surgery relieves pain and removes infection symptoms entirely. Hearing loss is extremely minor or not at all there after it.
It is common to have a discharge from an external ear for a few days after surgery. But if this problem continues, the doctor should be consulted.
Don’t touch or remove packing in the ear canal.
Keep the ears dry until it heals completely.
Don’t lift heavy weights until it heals completely.
Avoid flying for a few weeks post-surgery to protect tympanums against fluctuating air pressure.
Tympanoplasty is performed to repair the eardrum and middle ear. It also improves hearing. Most of the time, the procedure is successful, relieving pain and eliminating infections completely. However, consulting a doctor is always advisable.
An ENT specialist or otolaryngologist exprise in problems related to upper respiratory tract problems, hearing ability and speech skill test. Best ENT specialists in Gurgaon are skilled in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases related to upper respiratory tract like nasal passages, larynx, trachea, ear, nose, and throat. Below is the Best ENT specialists in Gurgaon that you can refer to in case of hearing problems, throat infections or speech disability.
1. Dr. K.K Handa
Commonwealth fellowship for training in Lasers, DNB, MBBS, MNAMS, MS(ENT)
Consultation fees: ₹800 - 900
Dr. K.K Handa has 30 years of experience as a trusted Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) specialist. His areas of keen interest are endoscopic sinus surgery and head and neck surgery. He is also among the foremost voice and laser surgeons in the country. His expertise includes laryngology, voice surgery, laser surgery and cochlear implants.
2. Dr. Priyanjana Acharyya Sharma
MBBS, MS - ENT ( Gold Medalist Honors )
Consultation fees: ₹600
Dr. Priyaranjan Acharyya Sharma has around 10 years of experience and was a gold medallist in her MS ENT specialist. Dr. Sharma has specialization in treatments such as implants, removal of foreign bodies and aiding in the healing of impairment or injuries. She is a permanent member of IMA, MCI and AOI. She currently practices at Apollo Cradle, the GNH Hospital and the ENT care in Gurgaon.
3. Dr. Vijay Verma
MS - ENT , MBBS
Consultation fees: ₹500-1000
Dr. Vijay Verma is one of the most trusted and reputed doctor in his field. In 13 years of his practice he has gained a lot of trust from his patients and respect from his colleagues. He currently practices at 3 Senses ENT & Clinic and Artemis Hospital. He is also member with Association of Otolaryngologist of India. The ENT services provided by him are Cochlear Implant, Hearing Aid Fitting, Speech and Hearing Impairment, throat and nasal disorder treatment. He is well aware of the advancement medical technologies and treats his patients with a lot of commitment and care.
4. Dr. Shashidhar TB
MBBS, MS - ENT, Certificate in Pediatric Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, ECFMG (USA),
Robotic Surgery Familiarization (France)
Consultation fees: ₹800-1000
Dr. Shashidhar is renowned ENT specialist currently practicing in Gurgaon. He has 13 years of national and international experience. His area of interest is robotic surgery. Other than he specialties in reconstructive middle ear surgery, septorhinoplasty, laryngoscopy and salivary gland surgery. He is known for his diagnoses skill and has been awarded with many prizes like Best Paper Award (Runner Up) In International Pediatric Otolaryngology Conference , Winner of Prestigious Delhi State and All India ENT Residents Quiz and the Winner of GSK all India Medimind Medical Quiz. he is a member of the Haryana Medical Council.
5. Dr. Manish Prakash
MBBS, MS-ENT, DNB (ENT), DOHNS(LONDON)
Consultation fees: ₹600
Dr Manish Prakash is one of the leading ENT surgeons in Gurgaon. He has 20 years of experience and is a Life Member of Association of Otolaryngologists India, Member of the National Academy of Medical Sciences, a Life Member of the India Medical Association and a Life Member of IMA Gurgaon. He is currently affiliated with Mayom Hospital in Gurgaon. He specialises in foreign body removal, fitting of hearing aids, nosebleed treatment, tonsillitis, canalith repositioning, functional endoscopic sinus surgery and treatment of deviated septums.
6. Dr. Amitabh Malik
MS - ENT, MBBS
Consultation fees: ₹700
Dr. Amitabh Malik is currently practices at Paras Hospital, Gurgaon. He has 18 years of practice in the field of ENT. His areas of special interest are pediatric ENT, Micro Ear, Micro Laryngeal, and Endoscopic Sinus. He has successfully conducted number of ENT surgeries and specializes in cochlear implantation.
7. Dr. Vineet Chadha
MBBS, MS - ENT
Consultation fees:₹500 - 1000
Dr Vineet Chadha is a renowned ENT specialist in Gurgaon and a senior ENT consultant at the Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon. In 10 years of his practice he reconstructive middle ear surgery, nasal endoscopy, treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea, cochlear implants, fitting patient’s hearing aid, treating laryngeal cancer and treatment for sinus disorder.
8. Dr. Sarika Verma
MBBS, DNB - ENT
Consultation fees: ₹600 - 800
Dr. Sarika Verma is an ENT Surgeon and Allergy Specialist with 15 years of experience. In 15 years she has done more than 850 allergy tests by and has treated several patients with allergy vaccination or immunotherapy. Some of her other areas of specialisations are functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), Micro Ear surgery, Microlaryngeal surgery(MLS), tonsillectomy, endoscopic adenoidectomy and thyroid surgery. She is a member of various ENT National and state level associations.
9. Dr. Harmeet Singh Pasricha
DNB (ENT), MBBS, MNAMS - Otorhinolaryngology
Consultation fees: ₹500 - 800
Dr. Harmeet Singh Pasricha is a renowned consultant Otorhinolaryngologist (Ear, Nose & Throat). Dr. Pasricha has 19 years of experience and has been associated with some prestigious hospitals like Indraprastha Apollo Hospital and Sri Ganga Ram Hospital. He is currently practicing at his own clinic the Pasricha ENT & Eye Care Centre, Gurgaon as a medical director and is a visiting consultant at Metro Hospital & Heart Institute, Palam Vihar and Columbia Asia Hospital, Palam Vihar. His areas of interest include Microsurgery of the Ear, Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and Micro Laryngeal Surgery.
10. Dr. Sunil Aggarwal
MBBS, MS - ENT, DNB
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Sunil has more than 16 years of professional experience as an ENT Specialist he is a trusted name and is known for his diagnosing skills and treating all kinds of disorders that affect the ears, nose and throat, as well as related structures such as the head and neck. His keen areas of interest are hearing loss, tonsil troubles, hay fever, sore throat and sleep apnoea, etc. he is a senior consultant with Paras Hospital in Gurgaon.
Bat ear correction
It is also known as prominent ear correction or otoplasty. Prominent ear can be a cause of embarrassment or low confidence in children. It involves correction of shape of ear in adult and children. Surgery is delayed up to age of 6 till ear is developed. Each ear is different, know from your surgeon which procedure is suitable to achieve optimum results and give confidence to your child.