Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Dyslexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Dyslexia is a type of mental health condition. It is characterized with leaning difficulty which can cause problems with spelling, writing and reading. The intelligence of a person is not affected due to dyslexia. It is a problem where the affected person can face challenges while doing daily activities but support is easily available to improve writing and reading skills.

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

If you suspect early symptoms of dyslexia, it is important to avoid ignoring these signs as it may worsen later on in life. Firstly, it is important to speak to the school’s special needs coordinator (SENCO) or the teacher in charge about your child’s health concerns. It is vital to visit an educational psychologist and a specialist dyslexia teacher more often. Adults who have dyslexia should visit a national or a local national dyslexia association to be more aware and well informed of this mental health condition.

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

  • One to one lessons or teaching sessions with a teacher specialized in dealing with children who have dyslexia.
  • Phonics can also be implemented on your child’s daily routine. Phonics is a special learning technique which improves the child’s ability to process and identify sounds which make up a whole word.
  • Technology like speech recognition software an computers can make it easier for your kid to read and write properly when they are a bit older. Certain technologies such as electronic organizers and word processors can also be very useful for adults.

Causes of dyslexia?

People who suffer from dyslexia have immense difficulty in recognizing the different sounds which make up words and letters. Sometimes adults and children with a high IQ can be affected by dyslexia. The cause of dyslexia is not yet known, but studies suggest that certain genes inherited from your parents can affect how your brain works. According to scientists, a gene called DCDC2 is responsible for creating dyslexia in children and adults. Dyslexia can also be acquired after birth by factors such as emotional & physical trauma, strokes and brain injuries. This is rare but still possible in few cases. Dyslexia can also be caused due to phonological processing of words.

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

Dyslexia can be diagnosed by a medical professional or a specialist by carrying out tests to cover areas such as background information, intelligence, oral language skills, word recognition, decoding, phonological processing, fluency skills, reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge and family history.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Difficulty in memorizing Trouble spelling words Difficulty understanding or thinking Delayed reasoning Speech impairment Headache Learning disability

Popular Health Tips

Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?

Dr. Gaurav Uppal 95% (350 ratings)
Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Doing Post Diploma MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?
At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself. Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words). The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows: Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers. It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment. The treatment of Dyscalculia might include: You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem.
2586 people found this helpful

Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!

Dr. Nihar Burte 89% (91 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Solapur
Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!
All parents expect their child to start going to school, learn writing and learning and do well in academics. However, children with dyslexia may not be able to progress at school at the same pace as others. The good news is that there are early pointers that can help a parent to identify dyslexia in the early stages. This can be helpful in training and support the child socially to learn and socialise normally. Dyslexia is a disability that affects both spoken and written language. They have a different learning style and when supported and encouraged, instead of mocked and insulted, they can become avid readers. The following are common 10 indicators of developing dyslexia in children, in general, and at school. 10 Behavioural signs to watch for in general: The child usually has difficulty concentrating and following instructions The child is easily distracted, seems to daydream, and tends to forget words. Poor personal organisation skills and is not very good at time keeping. May get confused between today, tomorrow, yesterday; east and west; right and left; up and down. Has difficulty remembering seasons, months and days. Tends to be doing something to avoid work. Seems distracted, and daydream, does not seem to listen Requires a lot of effort focusing on things at hand and is constantly tired. Slow pace of processing in terms of spoken or written language Often appears withdrawn or lost in his own world. 10 Behaviours to watch for at school: Poor standard of writing and written work in comparison with oratory skills. Poor handwriting with badly formed letters. Confused easily between similar looking letters like m/w, n/u, b/d. Usually, messes up work by using close but wrong spellings and rewriting the same Mixes up words by using similar-looking words quiet and quite, tired and tried. Same word is spelt differently at different times Poor motor skills and pencil grip leading to slow, inaccurate writing Produces a lot of phonetic spelling which does not change with repeated corrections There is difficulty in blending words together, and struggles a lot when asked to read out loud, can miss out or add words that are familiar in between Has difficulty connecting the story that is being written or read As noted, these children have very inconsistent behaviour with very limited understanding of nonverbal communication. If these symptoms go on increasing as they grow, it is advisable to seek professional help so that support can be provided and the condition can be arrested at the early stages.
2963 people found this helpful

4 Ways to Help Children With A Learning Disorder!

Mrs. Sudeeptha Grama 91% (53 ratings)
Msc - Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Psychologist, Bangalore
4 Ways to Help Children With A Learning Disorder!
Learning disability is a term used to cover a wide range of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation, the brain is simply wired differently. This difference affects how you receive and process information. Children and adults with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things differently. This can cause problems with learning new information and skills and putting them to use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading (Dyslexia), writing (Dysgraphia) and math (Dyscalculia). Once identified, it can be difficult to find the right way to help the child understand new concepts. Here are some tips for both parents and teachers: 1. Play word games: Playing word association games will help the child learn new words as well as help them remember old ones. Repeated exposure to the words will further help the child learn. 2. Don t rush: It is important to be patient with the child. Once you have a better understanding of the learning disability, it is important to not rush them when learning new concepts. Let them work at their own pace. It is also important to remember to give the encouragement they need while learning. 3. Be creative: Use different methods of teaching. You can use art or writing to help them better understand concepts and ideas. If you allow them to use the tools they feel comfortable with, it will help you teach the child better and also encourage them to continue their learning. 4. Use clay: Clay is a very versatile tool which help you teach different concepts. You can mould it into different letters to teach the alphabet or different words to teach various concepts. This can also help improve the child s fine motor skills and ability to grasp several concepts.
1 person found this helpful

15 Types of Special Needs in Children

Ms. Kaustubhi Shukla 90% (123 ratings)
M.Sc - Psychological Counseling, B.A ( Hons) - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
15 Types of Special Needs in Children
Parenting is a lifetime job be it for a normal child or a child with special needs. Parents are teachers, guides, leaders, protectors and providers for their children. Parenting is a process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, financial and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Every child is a gift and a blessing to their parents. On the other hand, parenting itself is one of the toughest jobs and that too for a child with special needs, it is both a blessing and challenge. It is a very unique experience to live with a disabled child as it has a major impact on the family, siblings and extended family members. However, discovering a problem should be the initial step to start with parenting such children. Discovering a child's special needs is often a confusing and painful process for parents as sometimes learning difficulties can be multiple and difficult to pinpoint and it can be hard for parents to know whether things are normal or not. There are various categories of disabilities that your child might fall under. For example: Specific Learning Disability (SLD), Other Health Impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Emotional disturbance, Speech or language impairment, Visual impairment, including blindness, Deafness, Deaf-blindness, Orthopedic impairment, Intellectual disability, Traumatic brain injury, Multiple disabilities. Some common indications for the development of learning disabilities which can be taken into consideration Difficulty with reading/writing Problems with math skills Difficulty in remembering Problem in paying attention Trouble following directions Difficulty with concepts related to time Problem in staying organized Impulsive behavior Inappropriate responses in school or social situations Difficulty staying on task(easily distracted) Difficulty finding the right way to say something Immature way of speaking Inconsistent school performance Difficulty listening well Problem in understanding words or concept But the above mentioned signs are not enough to determine that a person has a learning disability. A professional assessment is also necessary to diagnose a learning disability because every disability has its own signs and unless they persist over time cannot be considered as a 'disability'.
2385 people found this helpful

Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Dr. G B Singh 88% (10 ratings)
Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?
Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech. Language disorder can be classified as: Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand. Symptoms of language disorder: Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder. What you should do? Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder. As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow.
2299 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Health Quizzes

Should Over Masturbation be Done? Effects Of Masturbation

Dr. Sharmila Majumdar 97% (1461 ratings)
MS sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (behaviour modification), Certified in Treatment of Resistant Depression
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Masturbation causes blindness. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!!
Start Quiz

Over Masturbation and Its Effects On Your Health

Dr. M.S Ambekar 90% (19762 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Nashik
Excessive masturbation causes blindness. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹3500
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice