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Dyslexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a type of mental health condition. It is characterized with leaning difficulty which can cause problems with spelling, writing and reading. The intelligence of a person is not affected due to dyslexia.It is a problem where the affected person can face challenges while doing daily activities but support is easily available to improve writing and reading skills.

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

If you suspect early symptoms of dyslexia, it is important to avoid ignoring these signs as it may worsen later on in life. Firstly, it is important to speak to the school’s special needs coordinator (SENCO) or the teacher in charge about your child’s health concerns. It is vital to visit an educational psychologist and a specialist dyslexia teacher more often.Adults who have dyslexia should visit a national or a local national dyslexia association to be more aware and well informed of this mental health condition.

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

  • One to one lessons or teaching sessions with a teacher specialized in dealing with children who have dyslexia.
  • Phonics can also be implemented on your child’s daily routine. Phonics is a special learning technique which improves the child’s ability to process and identify sounds which make up a whole word.
  • Technology like speech recognition software an computers can make it easier for your kid to read and write properly when they are a bit older. Certain technologies such as electronic organizers and word processors can also be very useful for adults.

Causes of dyslexia?

People who suffer from dyslexia have immense difficulty in recognizing the different sounds which make up words and letters. Sometimes adults and children with a high IQ can be affected by dyslexia. The cause of dyslexia is not yet known, but studies suggest that certain genes inherited from your parents can affect how your brain works.According to scientists, a gene called DCDC2 is responsible for creating dyslexia in children and adults.Dyslexia can also be acquired after birth by factors such as emotional & physical trauma, strokes and brain injuries. This is rare but still possible in few cases. Dyslexia can also be caused due to phonological processing of words.

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

Dyslexia can be diagnosed by a medical professional or a specialist by carrying out tests to cover areas such as background information, intelligence, oral language skills, word recognition, decoding, phonological processing, fluency skills, reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge and family history.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Difficulty in memorizing Trouble spelling words Difficulty understanding or thinking Delayed reasoning Speech impairment Headache Learning disability

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Dyslexia - 5 Signs You Just Cannot Miss!

M.D Psychiatry , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Faridabad
Dyslexia - 5 Signs You Just Cannot Miss!

Children, especially from a very young age, may show symptoms of dyslexia. Every case of dyslexia is unique to each child and there are many common traits and behaviours that denote a person to be dyslexic. Educate yourself on the symptoms and signs and keep a keen eye on the appearance of each one of them.

Here are five common signs of dyslexia.

  1. Unable to read or face complications while reading: A dyslexic child will have a problem when he/she is reading something. You may think that this is because they are young and they will learn it in time, but that may not be the case always. Follow their complication, like whether they are able to read very basic paragraphs designed for kids their age or lower and you will be able to understand if the child is dyslexic or not. If they are unable to read even an extremely easy sentence, then you should take further steps to cure them.
  2. Problems in pronouncing words correctly: A dyslexic child will have extreme difficulty in pronouncing easy words even after they are taught to do so. In many cases, a dyslexic child is unable to utter the word, let alone the mispronunciation. These are very trivial and hence are brushed over, but you should ponder on them and consult a professional to take appropriate steps.
  3. Alphabet and/or number reversal: A child suffering from dyslexia has a tendency to reverse alphabets or numbers, like using a different alphabet or a number at a wrong position. This is known as transposing. Moreover, they often write down alphabets and numbers in reverse, like a mirror image. This is one of the surest tests of dyslexia. If it happens once, then you can move on, but if it recurs, even after they are told not to, then there is a cause for concern.
  4. Omission of words, sounds, or letters while reading and writing: A dyslexic child will omit any letter or word while reading or writing at their own free will. There is no way to point out which one they will omit, but the trend depends on any difficult word that fails to register with them.
  5. Problems regarding writing tools: A child with dyslexia will face extreme difficulty (which gradually multiplies) when using pencils, pens, crayons, and even erasers. It is as if they are unable to understand the purpose of them and don’t know what to do with these tools.

Dyslexia is not that common and in most cases, the symptoms are overlooked and the child is deemed “slow” and a late bloomer. So it is necessary to keep in mind these symptoms and take advice from a specialist to deal with the situation.

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Understanding Dyslexia - What All Should You Know

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellow In Pain Management, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Delhi
Understanding Dyslexia - What All Should You Know

Dyslexia is a neurological condition which makes learning a difficult process in children. Children suffering from dyslexia find themselves incapable of reading and learning as compared to their peers. Dyslexia occurs when the brain cannot process graphic symbols. This causes difficulty in recognizing, spelling and also decoding words. The effect of this condition varies from one person to another and is most often a lifelong condition. It can also vary as a result of different ages in people. However, a slower reading level is one common characteristic that is present in all dyslexic children.

Dyslexia is a strictly neurological condition that has little to do with a person’s intelligence. It can also occur as a result of genetic conditions. Early detection of the condition can help in improvement before he or she reaches adolescence. A thorough evaluation process of the child will include the following aspects IQ level, language skills, ability of word recognition, phonological processing, automaticity skills, fluency skills, family history and also knowledge of vocabulary.

The most common symptoms of dyslexia include:

  1. Trouble reading
  2. Very slow progression to milestones such as walking, talking, crawling and learning to ride a bicycle.
  3. Slow development of speech
  4. Trouble with hand-eye coordination
  5. A slow rate of learning when it comes to data
  6. Problem with speech
  7. Very poor concentration span
  8. Children suffering from dyslexia are more prone to developing certain autoimmune diseases such as eczema and asthma.

Dyslexia is sometimes subdivided into a number of categories such as Surface Dyslexia, Rapid Deficit Dyslexia, Visual Dyslexia and Phonological Dyslexia.

There is no medical treatment for dyslexia and help generally includes assigning reading specialists, child psychologist, speech-language pathologists and child neuropsychologists.

Certain practices that you yourself follow when dealing with your dyslexic child are:

  1. Praise your child from time to time
  2. Remind your child that being dyslexic has nothing to do with intelligence levels
  3. Mix with other parents who have dyslexic children and interact with them about ways and strategies to heighten the child’s confidence level.
  4. Deal with your child patiently.
3137 people found this helpful

Specific Learning Disability - Know The Common Types!

M. Phil Clinical Psychology, Ph.D - Psychology, MA - Applied Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma In Coaching
Psychologist, Delhi
Specific Learning Disability - Know The Common Types!

Some children have to read or hear something once and it gets imprinted in their minds. Others may struggle to understand concepts. As a parent, your first response may be to think that your child’s teacher isn’t giving him or her enough attention. However, this could indicate a specific learning disorder.

Learning disorders are an umbrella term that covers a range of learning difficulties. If your child is diagnosed with a learning disability it does not mean that he or she is any less smart as compared to their classmates. It simply means that they process information differently. There are many different types of learning disorders.

These are categorized by the skill set they affect most.

  1. DyslexiaDyslexia is a learning disorder where the child cannot understand the relationship between letters, sounds, and words. This can make reading even simple words feel very difficult. It could also make it difficult for the child to understand the meaning of words and phrases.
  2. Dyscalculia: Math is usually a stumbling block for most children but for some understanding numbers could be a lot more difficult. A child with Dyscalculia could find it difficult to organize numbers and understand operation signs. He could also struggle with memorization of multiplication tables etc. Learning how to read time could also be difficult.
  3. Dysgraphia: Learning disabilities related to writing can be termed as Dysgraphia. This involves the physical act of writing as well as understanding what is being written. Dysgraphia can be identified by an inconsistency of handwriting, not being able to accurately copy words as well as spelling inconsistencies.

There is no known cure for learning disabilities. However, there are ways to improve the child’s skills. For this, you must tailor a learning strategy to your child’s strengths. For example, illustrating a word problem may help the child understand it better. Similarly, mnemonic devices and poems could help them memorize mathematical formulas. Converting one type of problem into another can also help them understand concepts. For example, you could turn a word problem into a math problem an vice versa.

In addition, you may also need to consider consulting a learning specialist. They can help determine the type of learning aids your child would benefit most from. Your child may need special education at a school that is equipped with the right services for him or her. The important thing to note is that early intervention is key to treating learning disorders.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?

Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Doing Post Diploma MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?

At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person’s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself.

Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words).

The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows:

  1. Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting.
  2. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions.
  3. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time.
  4. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables.
  5. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem.
  6. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations.
  7. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers.

It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment.

The treatment of Dyscalculia might include:

  1. You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework.
  2. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner.
  3. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets.
  4. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2588 people found this helpful

Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Solapur
Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!

All parents expect their child to start going to school, learn writing and learning and do well in academics. However, children with dyslexia may not be able to progress at school at the same pace as others. The good news is that there are early pointers that can help a parent to identify dyslexia in the early stages. This can be helpful in training and support the child socially to learn and socialise normally.  Dyslexia is a disability that affects both spoken and written language. They have a different learning style and when supported and encouraged, instead of mocked and insulted, they can become avid readers. The following are common 10 indicators of developing dyslexia in children, in general, and at school.

10 Behavioural signs to watch for in general:

  1. The child usually has difficulty concentrating and following instructions
  2. The child is easily distracted, seems to daydream, and tends to forget words.
  3. Poor personal organisation skills and is not very good at time keeping.
  4. May get confused between today, tomorrow, yesterday; east and west; right and left; up and down.
  5. Has difficulty remembering seasons, months and days.
  6. Tends to be doing something to avoid work.
  7. Seems distracted, and ‘daydream,’ does not seem to listen
  8. Requires a lot of effort focusing on things at hand and is constantly tired.
  9. Slow pace of processing in terms of spoken or written language
  10. Often appears withdrawn or lost in his own world.

10 Behaviours to watch for at school:

  1. Poor standard of writing and written work in comparison with oratory skills.
  2. Poor handwriting with badly formed letters.
  3. Confused easily between similar looking letters like m/w, n/u, b/d.
  4. Usually, messes up work by using close but wrong spellings and rewriting the same
  5. Mixes up words by using similar-looking words – quiet and quite, tired and tried.
  6. Same word is spelt differently at different times
  7. Poor motor skills and pencil grip leading to slow, inaccurate writing
  8. Produces a lot of phonetic spelling which does not change with repeated corrections
  9. There is difficulty in blending words together, and struggles a lot when asked to read out loud, can miss out or add words that are familiar in between
  10. Has difficulty connecting the story that is being written or read

As noted, these children have very inconsistent behaviour with very limited understanding of nonverbal communication. If these symptoms go on increasing as they grow, it is advisable to seek professional help so that support can be provided and the condition can be arrested at the early stages. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Table of Content

What is Dyslexia?

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

Causes of dyslexia?

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

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Homeopathic Treatment For Chronic And Recurrent Diseases

My name is Dr. Rajesh Shah. I am founder and director of Life Force Homeopathy. We started Life Force somewhere in 1985 and in last 33 years we have been able to treat patients from across the world. Currently our operations are based in 180 countries and we have been treating cases which are little more difficult and little resistant to the regular line of treatment. When we talk about Homeopathy, it is very important that every educated person on this planet is well informed of the scope of Homeopathy for treatment of various diseases. Homeopathy is specially effective for more of chronic and recurring diseases. Of course homeopathy has great scope in the treatment of acute disease as well however homeopathy possibly is not so great for critical diseases such as microbial infection, heart attack or accidents etc. So coming back to the treatment of chronic and recurring diseases which is a huge segment in fact.

These are the diseases which tends to remain for weeks or months or years together. They are resistant to conventional treatment or any other form of treatment then homeopathy has to be thought of. Some of these diseases in this category are for example various forms of allergies, skin allergies, respiratory allergies, allergic dermatitis etc. They respond extremely well to homeopathy. The condition such as bronchial asthma, recurrent colds, recurring infections etc. they also respond extremely to homeopathy. A range of conditions called autoimmune diseases which could affect various parts of the body such as gastrointestinal tract, stomach, intestine where you have gastritis, ulcerative colitis, affecting the joints where you have rheumatoid arthritis including Spondylitis and so on and so forth.

Homeopathy has definite role to play in managing these diseases. Homeopathy is very popular in the treatment of skin diseases. A range of them in fact which may be named as for example- Psoriasis, urticaria, skin allergies, vitiligo etc. Homeopathy has to be considered extremely strong in the treatment of conditions affecting the children ranging from dyslexia, learning disorders, Autism, ADHD. These are the conditions with homeopathy is so effective and the children can be kept away from the frequent use of chemical based medicine. So likewise homeopathy is effective for almost 200- 300 different common diseases. For many of these diseases it's important that one examines, checks whether homeopathy has something to offer or not.

Homeopathy is not so good for certain critical conditions certain truly surgical conditions such as- hydrocele, hernia, cataract etc. Homeopathy is also not good for terminal cases of cancer or it is not good for coronary heart blockages and so on. So it is very important that the patient and the doctor have clarity about the scope of homeopathy as well as its limitation. To get treated at Life Force please visit our website Life Force Homeopathy or you could fix an appointment through Lybrate.

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Psychiatric And Behavioral Disorders - An Overview
Good Morning!

I m Dr Asif Iqbal Ahmed, MD Psychiatry from Armed Forces Medical College. I served as a psychiatrist for 25 years in Indian Navy in the army medical corp. After retirement, I set up psycare a comprehensive mental health facility. Psycare is care and cure center for mental and behavioral disorders.

Unfortunately, mental illnesses are not understood as such. It is not understood that these are Biopsychosocial medical illnesses. There s a biological component based in the brain. Psychological and social factors cause these illnesses to be precipitated. They can eminently treated with the combination of psychotherapy which in layman s term is known as counseling and medication if required. Now in Psycare, we have a team which provides these services. The focus is on total recovery by providing the best possible care and the mortality which is most appropriate. If they are treatable why is it said the indian counsel of medical research report of 2016 says that nearly 90% of people go untreated. Actually the reason, the chief reason for this is social stigma. Unfortunately as I said earlier, they are not understood as illnesses. Most of the people take is resulting from neither character flaws, evil spirits. These persons are considered as mental or as mad which is very unfortunate, hence people do not seek even the available resources which are rare. There is a huge shortage of mental health care facilities. You would of escorts for cardiology, IRPS for liver diseases but other than few eminent institutions like Nimhans of Banglore, IHBAS shahadra of Dehli. Have you heard of a mental health care organization or institution. The other for not receiving treatment is a acute shortage of mental health professors. It s said, it s estimated that India needs something like 1lac psychiatrists whereas we re only 6thousand and hence people go untreated. I m happy to inform you that psycare has made an impact. We are the first facility in a long time to have received the state mental health authority license of earning a mental health care facility which earlier to be known as rehab centers. We re the psychiatric nursing home. Our medical practices have been accredited where the national board of accreditation quality counsel of India. I m happy to inform you that recently in the last month, we have received international recognition that European medical association has accepted as a reliable health care providers and awarded us with the best medical practice in the European medical association London. The services that we provide are outpatient and inpatient facility. The inpatient facilities are wards which are separate for dealing with male patients as well as female patients. We also run community outreach programs where we reach to the schools conduct awareness programs about things like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia, bullying, internet addiction and the like. We also run corporate wellness programs wherein we teach employees about stress management and higher management is also made aware of human resource issues which can impact mental health. The illnesses that we deal with range from schizophrenia, mania, depression, anxiety disorder like obsessive-compulsive order, adjustment disorder, addictive disorder are a major scourge of the society now. They are known as dependence and dependence can be two substances like alcohol, cocaine these days increasingly weed and cannabis and you can have behavioral addiction like net addiction, gambling and the like. So, those patients who are treated in outpatient are treated with medication and counseling and the patient who need to be admitted have rehabilitative services which help them run their lives 24 hours 24/7 so that they can need a healthy life outside.
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