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Dyslexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a condition that makes learning harder and causes reading difficulties due to the problems in identifying speech sounds, learning and how they relate them with letters and words. This reading disability affects the brain areas that process language. Dyslexia people possess normal intelligence and normal vision. Many dyslexia children successfully complete their studies with the help of specialised education programs.

Even though this condition does not have a permanent cure, still, early assessment and intervention help with the best outcome. This is not a visual problem whereas it is a linguistic one. Many people with dyslexia are seemed to be highly intelligent. Though it is a neurological condition, anyway it does not affect a person's intelligence and the condition’s effect varies from each person. The similarity among the dyslexic people is slow reading levels compared to normal persons.

Spotting dyslexia is really hard initially. When children step into school, they might struggle to read, spell, and comply with the instructions in the classroom.

Common Symptoms of Dyslexia

  • Late talking
  • Poor spelling, messy handwriting
  • Trouble in recalling dates, telephone numbers, names
  • A higher level of difficulty in learning a foreign language
  • Many Pauses while speaking
  • Difficulty in doing maths problems
  • Taking more time to respond to questions
  • Will not read louder
  • Problems with self-esteem and staying away from social mingling
  • Trouble in recognising letters and matching them to sounds
  • Write with many spelling errors
  • Highly prefer multiple choice questions rather than fill in the blanks and short answers
  • Often misses small words while reading loudly
  • Reversing the numbers and letters without realising
  • Sequential ideas may be illogical or unconnected
  • Dyslexic people are more prone to asthma, allergies, hay fever

What is the Cause of Dyslexia?

The cause of this learning issue is not yet clear. But, researchers are looking at many factors like brain and genes. Dyslexia condition runs in families. While researching the specific genes, it has been found that several genes are linked to reading and language processing issues. Some of them have an impact on brain development. If any of your family members is affected by dyslexia, then the risk factor is high to pass on to others.

It is common to have both dyslexia and ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). Acquired forms of dyslexia say stroke and trauma could be considered as environmental issues.

Some brain imaging studies reveal that phonological deficit occurs in the left hemisphere of the brain which is linked to processing words and language. So, when the dyslexic person reads, the left hemisphere does not work in the same way as in the normal person. In dyslexic people, the two hemispheres of the brain may communicate differently.

How to Prevent Dyslexia?

Since the exact cause for dyslexia is unknown, there is no option to prevent it. Some interventions may help out to prevent further problems and the disorder’s effects. Since learning impairment is the core problem in dyslexia, feeding the children with proper nutrition is important.

Though it may not prevent this disorder, still, it might prevent other factors that may cause learning impairment. So, mothers should give proper supplements once their pregnancy is confirmed. If your child starts late talking, consult a pediatrician. The doctor might recommend a speech and language evaluation test that would help to assess your child. Being attentive to your children development and diagnosing the problem can prevent long-term learning problems.


How to Diagnose Dyslexia?

There are different types of diagnoses procedure for dyslexia. If you think, your child has dyslexia but not sure about that, then tests like decoding, rapid naming, phonological awareness, comprehension and reading fluency have to be checked out.

  • Phonological awareness analyzes your child’s ability to isolate and work with sounds.
  • The child’s ability in decoding the words is assessed and it also examines his/her ability to recognize familiar words.
  • The reading fluency of the child is monitored and his loudness, comprehension skills are measured
  • The child is evaluated as to how quickly he names colors, common letters, numbers, objects and this skill is closely linked to the reading fluency.

What is the Treatment for Dyslexia?

For dyslexic children, professionals help is mandatory to help them in reading and improving language skills. Although there is no medicine for dyslexia, medications for other issues will be treated that include depression, ADHD and anxiety. Multisensory structured language education (MSLE) is a compact standard for teaching kids to read. Since the children have phonological issues, many specialists are there to train kids in connecting letters with sounds, blending sound into words etc. Depression and anxiety are treated with cognitive behavioral therapy and ADHD is well supported with behavior therapy. There are many apps, games, teaching software available for dyslexic kids to make their reading easy.

What are the Home Remedies for Dyslexia?

  • Vitamin B Complex is enriched in Royal Jelly which is an important nutrient for brain development in children. Intake of Royal Jelly is considered to prevent dyslexia in children.
  • Higher level of Omega 3 fatty acids is present in flaxseed oil which is believed to have a good effect on brain functions like memory retention and concentration.
  • Bee pollen is the best nutrient to treat dyslexia naturally and it works out well for both adults and children.
  • Jyotishmati is the best natural remedy for dyslexia in improving focus, concentration and memory retention.
  • Fish oil also contains a high level of Omega 3 fatty acid which is known to improve cognitive function and manage dyslexia symptoms.

What Vitamins are Good for Dyslexia?

  • Vitamin B12 is strongly believed to be one of the most vital vitamins for the brain’s cognitive function. It is abundantly available in animal products, so make your children eat more animal products and non-vegetarian diet to acquire the vitamin naturally.
  • Magnesium and Vitamin D exerts various effects on the body such as regulating up to three hundred chemical reactions for starters. Since Magnesium is easily absorbed by skin, Epsom salt bath is advised for children to improve magnesium levels. Magnesium produces calming effects on the body that helps your children to go for a sound and restful sleep which is very important for brain function.


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Written ByDr. Rakesh Kumar Diploma in PaediatricPediatrics
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