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Overview

Dyslexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a type of mental health condition. It is characterized with leaning difficulty which can cause problems with spelling, writing and reading. The intelligence of a person is not affected due to dyslexia.It is a problem where the affected person can face challenges while doing daily activities but support is easily available to improve writing and reading skills.

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

If you suspect early symptoms of dyslexia, it is important to avoid ignoring these signs as it may worsen later on in life. Firstly, it is important to speak to the school’s special needs coordinator (SENCO) or the teacher in charge about your child’s health concerns. It is vital to visit an educational psychologist and a specialist dyslexia teacher more often.Adults who have dyslexia should visit a national or a local national dyslexia association to be more aware and well informed of this mental health condition.

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

  • One to one lessons or teaching sessions with a teacher specialized in dealing with children who have dyslexia.
  • Phonics can also be implemented on your child’s daily routine. Phonics is a special learning technique which improves the child’s ability to process and identify sounds which make up a whole word.
  • Technology like speech recognition software an computers can make it easier for your kid to read and write properly when they are a bit older. Certain technologies such as electronic organizers and word processors can also be very useful for adults.

Causes of dyslexia?

People who suffer from dyslexia have immense difficulty in recognizing the different sounds which make up words and letters. Sometimes adults and children with a high IQ can be affected by dyslexia. The cause of dyslexia is not yet known, but studies suggest that certain genes inherited from your parents can affect how your brain works.According to scientists, a gene called DCDC2 is responsible for creating dyslexia in children and adults.Dyslexia can also be acquired after birth by factors such as emotional & physical trauma, strokes and brain injuries. This is rare but still possible in few cases. Dyslexia can also be caused due to phonological processing of words.

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

Dyslexia can be diagnosed by a medical professional or a specialist by carrying out tests to cover areas such as background information, intelligence, oral language skills, word recognition, decoding, phonological processing, fluency skills, reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge and family history.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Difficulty in memorizing Trouble spelling words Difficulty understanding or thinking Delayed reasoning Speech impairment Headache Learning disability

Popular Health Tips

Specific Learning Disability - Know The Common Types!

M. Phil Clinical Psychology, Ph.D - Psychology, MA - Applied Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma In Coaching
Psychologist, Delhi
Specific Learning Disability - Know The Common Types!

Some children have to read or hear something once and it gets imprinted in their minds. Others may struggle to understand concepts. As a parent, your first response may be to think that your child’s teacher isn’t giving him or her enough attention. However, this could indicate a specific learning disorder.

Learning disorders are an umbrella term that covers a range of learning difficulties. If your child is diagnosed with a learning disability it does not mean that he or she is any less smart as compared to their classmates. It simply means that they process information differently. There are many different types of learning disorders.

These are categorized by the skill set they affect most.

  1. DyslexiaDyslexia is a learning disorder where the child cannot understand the relationship between letters, sounds, and words. This can make reading even simple words feel very difficult. It could also make it difficult for the child to understand the meaning of words and phrases.
  2. Dyscalculia: Math is usually a stumbling block for most children but for some understanding numbers could be a lot more difficult. A child with Dyscalculia could find it difficult to organize numbers and understand operation signs. He could also struggle with memorization of multiplication tables etc. Learning how to read time could also be difficult.
  3. Dysgraphia: Learning disabilities related to writing can be termed as Dysgraphia. This involves the physical act of writing as well as understanding what is being written. Dysgraphia can be identified by an inconsistency of handwriting, not being able to accurately copy words as well as spelling inconsistencies.

There is no known cure for learning disabilities. However, there are ways to improve the child’s skills. For this, you must tailor a learning strategy to your child’s strengths. For example, illustrating a word problem may help the child understand it better. Similarly, mnemonic devices and poems could help them memorize mathematical formulas. Converting one type of problem into another can also help them understand concepts. For example, you could turn a word problem into a math problem an vice versa.

In addition, you may also need to consider consulting a learning specialist. They can help determine the type of learning aids your child would benefit most from. Your child may need special education at a school that is equipped with the right services for him or her. The important thing to note is that early intervention is key to treating learning disorders.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3439 people found this helpful

Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?

Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Doing Post Diploma MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?

At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person’s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself.

Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words).

The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows:

  1. Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting.
  2. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions.
  3. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time.
  4. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables.
  5. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem.
  6. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations.
  7. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers.

It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment.

The treatment of Dyscalculia might include:

  1. You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework.
  2. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner.
  3. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets.
  4. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2588 people found this helpful

Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Solapur
Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!

All parents expect their child to start going to school, learn writing and learning and do well in academics. However, children with dyslexia may not be able to progress at school at the same pace as others. The good news is that there are early pointers that can help a parent to identify dyslexia in the early stages. This can be helpful in training and support the child socially to learn and socialise normally.  Dyslexia is a disability that affects both spoken and written language. They have a different learning style and when supported and encouraged, instead of mocked and insulted, they can become avid readers. The following are common 10 indicators of developing dyslexia in children, in general, and at school.

10 Behavioural signs to watch for in general:

  1. The child usually has difficulty concentrating and following instructions
  2. The child is easily distracted, seems to daydream, and tends to forget words.
  3. Poor personal organisation skills and is not very good at time keeping.
  4. May get confused between today, tomorrow, yesterday; east and west; right and left; up and down.
  5. Has difficulty remembering seasons, months and days.
  6. Tends to be doing something to avoid work.
  7. Seems distracted, and ‘daydream,’ does not seem to listen
  8. Requires a lot of effort focusing on things at hand and is constantly tired.
  9. Slow pace of processing in terms of spoken or written language
  10. Often appears withdrawn or lost in his own world.

10 Behaviours to watch for at school:

  1. Poor standard of writing and written work in comparison with oratory skills.
  2. Poor handwriting with badly formed letters.
  3. Confused easily between similar looking letters like m/w, n/u, b/d.
  4. Usually, messes up work by using close but wrong spellings and rewriting the same
  5. Mixes up words by using similar-looking words – quiet and quite, tired and tried.
  6. Same word is spelt differently at different times
  7. Poor motor skills and pencil grip leading to slow, inaccurate writing
  8. Produces a lot of phonetic spelling which does not change with repeated corrections
  9. There is difficulty in blending words together, and struggles a lot when asked to read out loud, can miss out or add words that are familiar in between
  10. Has difficulty connecting the story that is being written or read

As noted, these children have very inconsistent behaviour with very limited understanding of nonverbal communication. If these symptoms go on increasing as they grow, it is advisable to seek professional help so that support can be provided and the condition can be arrested at the early stages. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

2965 people found this helpful

15 Types of Special Needs in Children

M.Sc - Psychological Counseling, B.A ( Hons) - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
15 Types of Special Needs in Children

Parenting is a lifetime job be it for a normal child or a child with special needs. Parents are teachers, guides, leaders, protectors and providers for their children. Parenting is a process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, financial and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Every child is a gift and a blessing to their parents. On the other hand, parenting itself is one of the toughest jobs and that too for a child with special needs, it is both a blessing and challenge.

It is a very unique experience to live with a disabled child as it has a major impact on the family, siblings and extended family members. However, discovering a problem should be the initial step to start with parenting such children. Discovering a child's special needs is often a confusing and painful process for parents as sometimes learning difficulties can be multiple and difficult to pinpoint and it can be hard for parents to know whether things are normal or not.

There are various categories of disabilities that your child might fall under. For example: Specific Learning Disability (SLD), Other Health Impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Emotional disturbance, Speech or language impairment, Visual impairment, including blindness, Deafness, Deaf-blindness, Orthopedic impairment, Intellectual disability, Traumatic brain injury, Multiple disabilities.

Some common indications for the development of learning disabilities which can be taken into consideration

  1. Difficulty with reading/writing
  2. Problems with math skills
  3. Difficulty in remembering
  4. Problem in paying attention
  5. Trouble following directions
  6. Difficulty with concepts related to time
  7. Problem in staying organized
  8. Impulsive behavior
  9. Inappropriate responses in school or social situations
  10. Difficulty staying on task(easily distracted)
  11. Difficulty finding the right way to say something
  12. Immature way of speaking
  13. Inconsistent school performance
  14. Difficulty listening well
  15. Problem in understanding words or concept

But the above mentioned signs are not enough to determine that a person has a learning disability. A professional assessment is also necessary to diagnose a learning disability because every disability has its own signs and unless they persist over time cannot be considered as a 'disability'. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

2386 people found this helpful

Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.

Language disorder can be classified as:

  1. Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it.
  2. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts.
  3. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand.

Symptoms of language disorder:

  1. Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying.
  2. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age.
  3. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder
  4. Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms.
  5. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. 
  6. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder.

What you should do?

  1. Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves.
  2. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder.
  3. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn.
  4. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder.

As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

2302 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Table of Content

What is Dyslexia?

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

Causes of dyslexia?

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

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Children With Special Needs
Hello!

I am Dr. R K Lohia. I am an Occupational Therapist. We are dealing with special needs children to make the child capable of daily living and academic problems. And our services are occupational therapy, speech therapy, special education and child physiotherapy. We deal all special needs children as like Autism, ADHD, MR, Dyslexia etc. If you have any queries please come to the centre and meet me and call me anytime.

Thanks.
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Homeopathic Treatment For Chronic And Recurrent Diseases
Hello!

My name is Dr. Rajesh Shah. I am founder and director of Life Force Homeopathy. We started Life Force somewhere in 1985 and in last 33 years we have been able to treat patients from across the world. Currently our operations are based in 180 countries and we have been treating cases which are little more difficult and little resistant to the regular line of treatment. When we talk about Homeopathy, it is very important that every educated person on this planet is well informed of the scope of Homeopathy for treatment of various diseases. Homeopathy is specially effective for more of chronic and recurring diseases. Of course homeopathy has great scope in the treatment of acute disease as well however homeopathy possibly is not so great for critical diseases such as microbial infection, heart attack or accidents etc. So coming back to the treatment of chronic and recurring diseases which is a huge segment in fact.

These are the diseases which tends to remain for weeks or months or years together. They are resistant to conventional treatment or any other form of treatment then homeopathy has to be thought of. Some of these diseases in this category are for example various forms of allergies, skin allergies, respiratory allergies, allergic dermatitis etc. They respond extremely well to homeopathy. The condition such as bronchial asthma, recurrent colds, recurring infections etc. they also respond extremely to homeopathy. A range of conditions called autoimmune diseases which could affect various parts of the body such as gastrointestinal tract, stomach, intestine where you have gastritis, ulcerative colitis, affecting the joints where you have rheumatoid arthritis including Spondylitis and so on and so forth.

Homeopathy has definite role to play in managing these diseases. Homeopathy is very popular in the treatment of skin diseases. A range of them in fact which may be named as for example- Psoriasis, urticaria, skin allergies, vitiligo etc. Homeopathy has to be considered extremely strong in the treatment of conditions affecting the children ranging from dyslexia, learning disorders, Autism, ADHD. These are the conditions with homeopathy is so effective and the children can be kept away from the frequent use of chemical based medicine. So likewise homeopathy is effective for almost 200- 300 different common diseases. For many of these diseases it's important that one examines, checks whether homeopathy has something to offer or not.

Homeopathy is not so good for certain critical conditions certain truly surgical conditions such as- hydrocele, hernia, cataract etc. Homeopathy is also not good for terminal cases of cancer or it is not good for coronary heart blockages and so on. So it is very important that the patient and the doctor have clarity about the scope of homeopathy as well as its limitation. To get treated at Life Force please visit our website Life Force Homeopathy or you could fix an appointment through Lybrate.

Thank you so much!
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Psychiatric and Behavioral Disorder
Good Morning!

I m Dr Asif Iqbal Ahmed, MD Psychiatry from Armed Forces Medical College. I served as a psychiatrist for 25 years in Indian Navy in the army medical corp. After retirement, I set up psycare a comprehensive mental health facility. Psycare is care and cure center for mental and behavioral disorders.

Unfortunately, mental illnesses are not understood as such. It is not understood that these are Biopsychosocial medical illnesses. There s a biological component based in the brain. Psychological and social factors cause these illnesses to be precipitated. They can eminently treated with the combination of psychotherapy which in layman s term is known as counseling and medication if required. Now in Psycare, we have a team which provides these services. The focus is on total recovery by providing the best possible care and the mortality which is most appropriate. If they are treatable why is it said the indian counsel of medical research report of 2016 says that nearly 90% of people go untreated. Actually the reason, the chief reason for this is social stigma. Unfortunately as I said earlier, they are not understood as illnesses. Most of the people take is resulting from neither character flaws, evil spirits. These persons are considered as mental or as mad which is very unfortunate, hence people do not seek even the available resources which are rare. There is a huge shortage of mental health care facilities. You would of escorts for cardiology, IRPS for liver diseases but other than few eminent institutions like Nimhans of Banglore, IHBAS shahadra of Dehli. Have you heard of a mental health care organization or institution. The other for not receiving treatment is a acute shortage of mental health professors. It s said, it s estimated that India needs something like 1lac psychiatrists whereas we re only 6thousand and hence people go untreated. I m happy to inform you that psycare has made an impact. We are the first facility in a long time to have received the state mental health authority license of earning a mental health care facility which earlier to be known as rehab centers. We re the psychiatric nursing home. Our medical practices have been accredited where the national board of accreditation quality counsel of India. I m happy to inform you that recently in the last month, we have received international recognition that European medical association has accepted as a reliable health care providers and awarded us with the best medical practice in the European medical association London. The services that we provide are outpatient and inpatient facility. The inpatient facilities are wards which are separate for dealing with male patients as well as female patients. We also run community outreach programs where we reach to the schools conduct awareness programs about things like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia, bullying, internet addiction and the like. We also run corporate wellness programs wherein we teach employees about stress management and higher management is also made aware of human resource issues which can impact mental health. The illnesses that we deal with range from schizophrenia, mania, depression, anxiety disorder like obsessive-compulsive order, adjustment disorder, addictive disorder are a major scourge of the society now. They are known as dependence and dependence can be two substances like alcohol, cocaine these days increasingly weed and cannabis and you can have behavioral addiction like net addiction, gambling and the like. So, those patients who are treated in outpatient are treated with medication and counseling and the patient who need to be admitted have rehabilitative services which help them run their lives 24 hours 24/7 so that they can need a healthy life outside.
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