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Overview

Dyslexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Dyslexia is a type of mental health condition. It is characterized with leaning difficulty which can cause problems with spelling, writing and reading. The intelligence of a person is not affected due to dyslexia. It is a problem where the affected person can face challenges while doing daily activities but support is easily available to improve writing and reading skills.

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

If you suspect early symptoms of dyslexia, it is important to avoid ignoring these signs as it may worsen later on in life. Firstly, it is important to speak to the school’s special needs coordinator (SENCO) or the teacher in charge about your child’s health concerns. It is vital to visit an educational psychologist and a specialist dyslexia teacher more often. Adults who have dyslexia should visit a national or a local national dyslexia association to be more aware and well informed of this mental health condition.

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

  • One to one lessons or teaching sessions with a teacher specialized in dealing with children who have dyslexia.
  • Phonics can also be implemented on your child’s daily routine. Phonics is a special learning technique which improves the child’s ability to process and identify sounds which make up a whole word.
  • Technology like speech recognition software an computers can make it easier for your kid to read and write properly when they are a bit older. Certain technologies such as electronic organizers and word processors can also be very useful for adults.

Causes of dyslexia?

People who suffer from dyslexia have immense difficulty in recognizing the different sounds which make up words and letters. Sometimes adults and children with a high IQ can be affected by dyslexia. The cause of dyslexia is not yet known, but studies suggest that certain genes inherited from your parents can affect how your brain works. According to scientists, a gene called DCDC2 is responsible for creating dyslexia in children and adults. Dyslexia can also be acquired after birth by factors such as emotional & physical trauma, strokes and brain injuries. This is rare but still possible in few cases. Dyslexia can also be caused due to phonological processing of words.

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

Dyslexia can be diagnosed by a medical professional or a specialist by carrying out tests to cover areas such as background information, intelligence, oral language skills, word recognition, decoding, phonological processing, fluency skills, reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge and family history.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Difficulty in memorizing Trouble spelling words Difficulty understanding or thinking Delayed reasoning Speech impairment Headache Learning disability

Popular Health Tips

Understanding Dyscalculia - Your Child Could Be Suffering From It?

Dr. Ashish Sakpal 89% (714 ratings)
DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Understanding Dyscalculia - Your Child Could Be Suffering From It?
At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself. Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words). The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows: Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers. It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment. The treatment of Dyscalculia might include: You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem.
16 people found this helpful

Speech and Language Delay in Children

Mr. Ujjwal Mathew 89% (88 ratings)
BSC - Hearing and Speech
Speech Therapist, Salem
Speech and language problem in children A language disorder is an impairment that makes it hard for someone to find the right words and form clear sentences when speaking. It can also make it difficult to understand what another person says. A child may have difficulty understanding what others say, may struggle to put thoughts into words, or both. You may notice that your child s vocabulary is very basic and his sentences are short, ungrammatical and incomplete. While his peers chat and tell jokes, your child may have trouble following the conversation and miss the jokes. He also may speak in two-word sentences and have trouble answering even simple questions. They aren t simply late talkers. without treatment, their communication problems will continue and may lead to emotional issues and academic struggles. Types of language disorders: There are three kinds of language disorders. Receptive language issues involve difficulty understanding what others are saying. Expressive language issues involve difficulty expressing thoughts and ideas. Mixed receptive-expressive language issues involve difficulty understanding and using spoken language. What are the symptoms kids have? Kids with receptive language issues may have trouble understanding what other people say. They could also have difficulty following simple directions and organizing information they hear. Receptive language issues can be hard to spot in very young children. Expressive language issues can be easier to identify early. This is because kids with expressive language issues may be late to start talking and not speak until age 2. At age 3, they may be talking but hard to understand, and the problems persist into preschool. Some kids, for instance, might understand the stories read to them but not be able to describe them even in a simple way. Here are other signs of expressive language issues: Has a limited vocabulary compared to children the same age Frequently says um and substitutes general words like stuff and things for more precise words Has trouble learning new vocabulary words Leaves out key words and confuses verb tense Uses certain phrases over and over again when talking Seems frustrated by inability to communicate thoughts May not talk much or often, but understands what other people say Is able to pronounce words and sounds, but sentences often don t make sense Uses a limited variety of sentence structures when speaking What skills are affected by language disorders? Language disorders can affect kids in a number of ways, both socially and academically. Here are some examples. * social skills: understanding what others are saying and expressing themselves through words helps children form relationships. When kids can t communicate clearly, they may struggle to make friends and be part of a social group. They may prefer to be alone and become shy or distant. They might also become the target of bullies or act aggressively because they can t resolve problems verbally. * academic struggles: some research suggests that children with language disorders also have reading issues. Some kids also struggle with writing because of their limited vocabulary and poor grasp of grammar. Here are some signs that your child might have a receptive language delay: At 15 months, does not look or point at people or objects when they are named by a parent or caregiver At 18 months, does not follow simple directions, such as get your coat At 24 months, is not able to point to a picture or a part of the body when it is named At 30 months, does not respond out loud or by nodding or shaking the head and asking questions At 36 months, does not follow two-step directions, and does not understand action words Here are some signs of expressive language delay: At 15 months, is not using three words At 18 months, is not saying, mama, dada, or other names At 24 months, is not using at least 25 words At 30 months, is not using two-word phrases, including phrases with both a noun and a verb At 36 months, does not have at least a 200-word vocabulary, is not asking for items by name, repeats exactly questions asked by others, seems to have lost some language skills, or is not using complete sentences At 48 months, often uses words incorrectly or uses a similar or related word instead of the correct word. The first step in evaluating the problem is by seeking an evaluation from a speech-language pathologist (also called a speech therapist). Only a speech therapist can help the kids as well as parents to overcome this problem.

Dyslexia - Signs To Look Out For!

Ms. Anu Gehlot 90% (18 ratings)
M.Phil - Psychology, Masters In Psychology, BA-Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Dyslexia - Signs To Look Out For!
Raising a child with dyslexia can stir up a lot of emotions. You may look ahead and wonder if this learning issue will affect your child's future. But dyslexia is not a prediction of failure. Dyslexia is quite common, and many successful individuals have dyslexia. Research has proven that there are different ways of teaching that can help people with dyslexia succeed. There's a lot you can do as a parent too. What are the symptoms of dyslexia? Because dyslexia affects some people more severely than others, your child's symptoms may look different from those in another child. Some kids with dyslexia have trouble with reading and spelling. Others may struggle to write or to tell left from right. Dyslexia can also make it difficult for people to express themselves clearly. It can be hard for them to structure their thoughts during conversation. They may have trouble finding the right words to say. Others struggle to understand what they're hearing. This is especially true when someone uses nonliteral language such as jokes and sarcasm. The signs you see may also look different at various ages. Some of the warning signs for dyslexia, such as a speech delay, appear before a child reaches kindergarten. More often, though, dyslexia is identified in grade school. As schoolwork gets more demanding, trouble processing language becomes more apparent. Here are some signs to look out for: Warning Signs in Preschool or Kindergarten Has trouble recognizing the letters of the alphabet Struggles to match letters to sounds, such as not knowing what sounds b or h make Has difficulty blending sounds into words, such as connecting C-H-A-T to the word chat Struggles to pronounce words correctly, such as saying 'mawn lower' instead of 'lawn mower' Has difficulty learning new words Has a smaller vocabulary than other kids the same age Has trouble learning to count or say the days of the week and other common word sequences Has trouble rhyming Warning Signs in Grade School or Middle School- Struggles with reading and spelling Confuses the order of letters, such as writing 'left' instead of 'felt' Has trouble remembering facts and numbers Has difficulty gripping a pencil Has difficulty using proper grammar Has trouble learning new skills and relies heavily on memorization Gets tripped up by word problems in math Has a tough time sounding out unfamiliar words Has trouble following a sequence of directions Warning Signs in High School- Struggles with reading out loud Doesn't read at the expected grade level Has trouble understanding jokes or idioms Has difficulty organizing and managing time Struggles to summarize a story Has difficulty learning a foreign language Skills that are affected by Dyslexia- Dyslexia doesn't just affect reading and writing. Here are some everyday skills and activities your child may be struggling with because of this learning issue: General: Appears bright, highly intelligent, and articulate but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level. Labelled lazy, dumb, careless, immature, "not trying hard enough," or "behavior problem." Isn't "behind enough" or "bad enough" to be helped in the school setting. High in IQ, yet may not test well academically; tests well orally, but not written. Feels dumb; has poor self-esteem; hides or covers up weaknesses with ingenious compensatory strategies; easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing. Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics, story-telling, sales, business, designing, building, or engineering. Seems to "Zone out" or daydream often; gets lost easily or loses track of time. Difficulty sustaining attention; seems "hyper" or "daydreamer." Learns best through hands-on experience, demonstrations, experimentation, observation, and visual aids. Vision, Reading, and Spelling Skills: Complains of dizziness, headaches or stomach aches while reading. Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations. Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions, omissions, substitutions, and reversals in letters, numbers and/or words. Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while reading, writing, or copying. Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don't reveal a problem. Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision. Reads and rereads with little comprehension: Spells phonetically and inconsistently. Hearing and Speech Skills Has extended hearing; hears things not said or apparent to others; easily distracted by sounds. Difficulty putting thoughts into words; speaks in halting phrases; leaves sentences incomplete; stutters under stress; mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases, words, and syllables when speaking. Writing and Motor Skills: Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible. Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at ball or team sports; difficulties with fine and/or gross motor skills and tasks; prone to motion-sickness. Can be ambidextrous, and often confuses left/right, over/under. Math and Time Management Skills Has difficulty telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time. Computing math shows dependence on finger counting and other tricks; knows answers, but can't do it on paper. Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money. Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems; cannot grasp algebra or higher math. Memory and Cognition: Excellent long-term memory for experiences, locations, and faces. Poor memory for sequences, facts and information that has not been experienced. Thinks primarily with images and feeling, not sounds or words (little internal dialogue). Behavior, Health, Development and Personality Extremely disorderly or compulsively orderly. Can be class clown, trouble-maker, or too quiet. Had unusually early or late developmental stages (talking, crawling, walking, tying shoes). Prone to ear infections; sensitive to foods, additives, and chemical products. Can be an extra deep or light sleeper; bedwetting beyond appropriate age. Unusually high or low tolerance for pain. Strong sense of justice; emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection. What can be done at home for dyslexia? Helping your child with dyslexia can be a challenge, particularly if you're never been confident in your own reading and writing skills. But you don't have to be an expert to help work on certain skills or strengthen your child's self-esteem. Keep in mind that kids (and families) are all different, so not all options will work for you. Don't panic if the first strategies you try aren't effective. You may need to try several approaches to find what works best for your child. Here are some things you can try at home: Read out loud every day Tap into your child's interests Use audiobooks Look for apps and other high-tech help Focus on effort, not outcome Make your home reader-friendly Boost confidence What can make the journey easier? Dyslexia can present challenges for your child and for you. But with the proper support, almost all people with dyslexia can become accurate readers. Your involvement will help tremendously. Wherever you are in your journey, whether you're just starting out or are well on your way, this site can help you find more ways to support your child. Here are a few things that can help make the journey easier: Connect with other parents. Remember that you're not alone. Use our safe online community to find parents like you. Get behavior advice. Parenting Coach offers expert-approved strategies on a variety of issues that can affect children with dyslexia, including trouble with time management, anxiety and fear, frustration and low self-esteem. Build a support plan. Come up with a game plan and anticipate what lies ahead. Understanding dyslexia and looking for ways to help your child is an important first step. There's a lot you can do just don't feel you have to do everything all at once. Pace yourself. If you try a bunch of strategies at the same time, it might be hard to figure out which ones are working. And do your best to stay positive. Your love and support can make a big difference in your child's life.
3381 people found this helpful

Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?

Dr. Gaurav Uppal 91% (352 ratings)
Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Doing Post Diploma MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Don't Like Studying Maths - Can Your Child Be Suffering From Dyscalculia?
At a young age, it is fairly common to be afraid of math. The rational nature of numbers, multiplication tables, addition, subtraction and all that in between can admittedly be a tough thing to get on with at a tender age. But in most of the cases, this difficulty tends to improve as one attains maturity. This can be attributed to a growing familiarity with the subject and a subsequent change in the way of understanding certain things. But if your child suffers from a problem with understanding math even at a grown age, chances are he/she might be suffering from Dyscalculia- a special type of learning disorder that is characterized by a person s inability to grasp the concepts of math or the very concept of numbers itself. Dyscalculia generally occurs due to genetic factors. However, it is also possible to encounter this disorder if your child had suffered from significant brain injury in the past or have problems with remembering things. It is also possible to have this disorder, if your child is already suffering from Dyslexia ( a learning disorder which makes your child unable to read or understand written words). The symptoms of Dyscalculia are as follows: Inability to recognize numbers and significant trouble while counting. Significant problems while performing basic additions, subtractions or divisions. Facing problems with how to use money or telling time. The problem with memorizing mathematical formulae or tables. Your child might be unable to discern exactly how to approach a math problem. Your child will be increasingly reluctant to go to a math class or feel tensed before math examinations. Inability to understand the basic functionality of numbers. It is extremely important to remember that having this disorder does not necessarily mean your child has a bad academic record on the whole. Since this disorder can cause significant problems in the future for your child in terms of dealing with things in the real world, you should be extremely sensitive regarding its treatment. The treatment of Dyscalculia might include: You should encourage your child more and more if they tend to get immensely frustrated with their math problems. If possible, try to help your child with his/ her homework. Strike a healthy relationship with your child. Make him realize that not being able to grasp the concept of numbers is not the end of the world. Explore his other skills. That might boost his lost confidence and might encourage him to approach math in a more efficient manner. You should try to make your child learn how to tell time or use money with little home exercises. If possible, try to make him learn the basic of math with daily activities like counting the number of flowers while walking down the streets. You must consult a specialist who will make your child learn numbers by following different modes other than writing. For example, the specialist might read a math problem to your child in order to make him understand the problem.
2587 people found this helpful

Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!

Dr. Nihar Burte 91% (102 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Solapur
Dyslexia - 10 Signs Your Child Maybe Suffering From It!
All parents expect their child to start going to school, learn writing and learning and do well in academics. However, children with dyslexia may not be able to progress at school at the same pace as others. The good news is that there are early pointers that can help a parent to identify dyslexia in the early stages. This can be helpful in training and support the child socially to learn and socialise normally. Dyslexia is a disability that affects both spoken and written language. They have a different learning style and when supported and encouraged, instead of mocked and insulted, they can become avid readers. The following are common 10 indicators of developing dyslexia in children, in general, and at school. 10 Behavioural signs to watch for in general: The child usually has difficulty concentrating and following instructions The child is easily distracted, seems to daydream, and tends to forget words. Poor personal organisation skills and is not very good at time keeping. May get confused between today, tomorrow, yesterday; east and west; right and left; up and down. Has difficulty remembering seasons, months and days. Tends to be doing something to avoid work. Seems distracted, and daydream, does not seem to listen Requires a lot of effort focusing on things at hand and is constantly tired. Slow pace of processing in terms of spoken or written language Often appears withdrawn or lost in his own world. 10 Behaviours to watch for at school: Poor standard of writing and written work in comparison with oratory skills. Poor handwriting with badly formed letters. Confused easily between similar looking letters like m/w, n/u, b/d. Usually, messes up work by using close but wrong spellings and rewriting the same Mixes up words by using similar-looking words quiet and quite, tired and tried. Same word is spelt differently at different times Poor motor skills and pencil grip leading to slow, inaccurate writing Produces a lot of phonetic spelling which does not change with repeated corrections There is difficulty in blending words together, and struggles a lot when asked to read out loud, can miss out or add words that are familiar in between Has difficulty connecting the story that is being written or read As noted, these children have very inconsistent behaviour with very limited understanding of nonverbal communication. If these symptoms go on increasing as they grow, it is advisable to seek professional help so that support can be provided and the condition can be arrested at the early stages.
2963 people found this helpful

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