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Dyslexia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Dyslexia is a type of mental health condition. It is characterized with leaning difficulty which can cause problems with spelling, writing and reading. The intelligence of a person is not affected due to dyslexia. It is a problem where the affected person can face challenges while doing daily activities but support is easily available to improve writing and reading skills.

What should you do if your child develops dyslexia?

If you suspect early symptoms of dyslexia, it is important to avoid ignoring these signs as it may worsen later on in life. Firstly, it is important to speak to the school’s special needs coordinator (SENCO) or the teacher in charge about your child’s health concerns. It is vital to visit an educational psychologist and a specialist dyslexia teacher more often. Adults who have dyslexia should visit a national or a local national dyslexia association to be more aware and well informed of this mental health condition.

Techniques that can support your child if he/she has dyslexia:

  • One to one lessons or teaching sessions with a teacher specialized in dealing with children who have dyslexia.
  • Phonics can also be implemented on your child’s daily routine. Phonics is a special learning technique which improves the child’s ability to process and identify sounds which make up a whole word.
  • Technology like speech recognition software an computers can make it easier for your kid to read and write properly when they are a bit older. Certain technologies such as electronic organizers and word processors can also be very useful for adults.

Causes of dyslexia?

People who suffer from dyslexia have immense difficulty in recognizing the different sounds which make up words and letters. Sometimes adults and children with a high IQ can be affected by dyslexia. The cause of dyslexia is not yet known, but studies suggest that certain genes inherited from your parents can affect how your brain works. According to scientists, a gene called DCDC2 is responsible for creating dyslexia in children and adults. Dyslexia can also be acquired after birth by factors such as emotional & physical trauma, strokes and brain injuries. This is rare but still possible in few cases. Dyslexia can also be caused due to phonological processing of words.

How is dyslexia diagnosed?

Dyslexia can be diagnosed by a medical professional or a specialist by carrying out tests to cover areas such as background information, intelligence, oral language skills, word recognition, decoding, phonological processing, fluency skills, reading comprehension, vocabulary knowledge and family history.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Difficulty in memorizing Trouble spelling words Difficulty understanding or thinking Delayed reasoning Speech impairment Headache Learning disability

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