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Dizziness Tips

Atrial Fibrillation - Types, Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

Dr.Tejas V Patel 92% (17ratings)
DM - Cardiology, MD - Medicine, MBBS, Observership
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Atrial Fibrillation - Types, Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

We all know about the heartbeat, which is produced by the opening and closing of the valves in the heart, which in turn controls our blood flow. There is a regular pattern to this beat, and when, due to various reasons, it becomes irregular, it is known as arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation, known shortly as AFib, is one of the common types of arrhythmia.

Why AFib: The heart has an electrical impulse system, which controls the opening/closing of its valves. Due to various changes, be it lifestyle, dietary, or regular wear and tear, this electrical system is affected and so the valves do not function properly. This leads to altered rhythm, and when it happens on the right side of the heart, in the valves between the two atria, it is known as atrial fibrillation.

Signs and Symptoms: It is not something which shows up as soon as the onset happens. It is a gradual condition, and many people with AFib may go for months with no symptoms. There could be general symptoms like fatigue and headaches. Gradually, more symptoms like heart palpitationsshortness of breathdizziness, occasional chest pain, or fainting set in. It is usually when workup for some other disease is being done.

Monitoring the pulse or heartbeat is one of the best ways to keep a check on the condition.

Types: There are different forms of it – paroxysmal, persistent, and permanent. In the first one, there are brief bursts of AFib lasting less than 7 days. With gradual progression, symptoms are more frequent and last longer, converting into persistent AFib, which lasts longer than 7 days. If the condition is longstanding and the doctor (as well as the patient) have decided not to treat it, it is permanent AFib.

Risk Factors: The chances of developing AFib increase with family history, age, obesitysmokinghyperthyroidism, chronic lung diseases, and sleep apnea.

Living with AFib: It is a longstanding condition, and the following precautions are necessary, which are generally heart-healthy.

  1. Quit Smoking: In addition to the multiple benefits of quitting, managing AFib is one.

  2. Diet Changes: Change to a heart-healthy diet with whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, increased fish oils, reduced fat, reduced salt and sugar etc.

  3. Work It Out: Get into an exercise regimen. Discuss with your doctor to identify and agree on the type and level of exercise. This helps manage weight and stress, both essential for controlling AFib.

  4. Manage Alcohol Consumption: Avoid excess consumption of alcoholic beverages. Avoid them completely if they trigger symptoms.

If you have the risk factors for AFib, implementing these changes earlier than the onset of symptoms can help delay progress and reduce severity of the symptoms.

1020 people found this helpful

Earwax Impaction - How To Administer It?

Dr.Sunil Agrawal 90% (18ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), Fellowship In Micro Ear surgery -
ENT Specialist, Indore
Earwax Impaction - How To Administer It?

Ear wax which is also known as cerumen is produced by the human body for the protection of the ears. Ear wax possesses both antibacterial and lubricating characteristics. Mostly, the existing ear wax is passed via the ear canal by motions such as chewing and various jaw movements. The skin from the canal widens from within. At this time, it extends from outside the ear and peels off. The ear wax is made by the outer lining of the ears.

Ear wax impaction refers to a situation where there is tremendous build-up within the canal of the ears. Such enormous build-up is indicative that something is seriously wrong. Ears are naturally designed in a way that they self-clean. Build-up of ear wax and obstruction often takes place when people make use of cotton swabs and/or bobby pins to clean out the ears. But using earbuds or cotton swabs are contrary to helpful; they push the ear wax further deep inside the ears, sometimes leading to an injury in the process.

When ear wax impaction is left untreated, it may lead to infections. Signs of the severity of the impaction include irritation of the ear and loss of hearing. If there is a significant accumulation of ear wax in the ear then it might make looking inside the ear troublesome, thereby, a number of issues can go undiagnosed. Of the main signs of ear wax impaction, the four most foreboding signs include:

  1. Severe Spinning
  2. Decreased Hearing
  3. Nausea and Vomiting
  4. Ringing in the Ear

Other symptoms of earwax impaction include drainage from the canal of the ear, pain in the ear and dizziness.

Upon experiencing the severe signs of earwax impaction or cerumen build-up, the supervising doctor can confirm that you may or may not have a blockage in the ear by looking inside the ear with an ear-scope.
Getting rid of the extra earwax is very easy. Use only cotton swabs to clean out the external region of the ears. In order to soften the consistency of the earwax you can buy certain over-the-counter drops or you can also use substances that are composed of baby oil, and glycerine.

Ear irrigation is another method which you can adopt in order to eliminate excess earwax. If the patient considering ear irrigation has suffered an injury in the ear or had a medical procedure such as a surgery performed on the ear then he or she should immediately opt out of the idea of ear irrigation. If ear irrigation is performed on an eardrum that has become ruptured then it could lead to infection or loss of hearing. Persons having a problem of impacted ear wax should get it cleaned by an ENT specialist every 6 months.

2293 people found this helpful

Balance Disorders - How To Avoid It?

Dr.Sourav Chakraborty 89% (52ratings)
MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Balance Disorders - How To Avoid It?

Balance disorder is more prevalent in old people but they are not the only ones who are affected by it. There are many causes that can lead to balance disorder and some of them can be controlled. Balance problem causes spinning of head coupled with dizziness while standing or sitting which can lead to an injurious fall.

Symptoms

The common symptoms of balance disorder include:

-       Dizziness
-       Nausea
-       Depression, anxiety or fear
-       Blurred vision
-       Disorientation
-       Tiredness
-       Inability to concentrate
-       Changes in heart rate and blood pressure

Causes

- Ear infection
If the vestibular system (which is also called the labyrinth) inside your ear gets infected and inflamed, it can cause balance disorder. This is because the inner part of the ear is responsible for coordination and balance.  This condition is known as labyrinthitis and it is frequently accompanied by dizziness and vertigo. Viral and respiratory infections can also cause labyrinthitis.

- Poor circulation
Certain diseases associated with the circulatory system such as stroke can cause dizziness and various other balance problems.

- Medications
There are certain medications that can lead to balance disorder. For example, medications to normalize blood pressure can cause dizziness. Ototoxic drugs are infamous for causing ear problems that lead to imbalance. Sometimes its effects are felt only during the period of using but many people have suffered permanent ear damage.
Other causes of balance disorder include head injury, imbalance of chemicals in the brain, arthritis, neurological conditions and aging.

Prevention

- Balanced diet
meniere's disease is a condition that causes ear problems which lead to vertigo. It is primarily connected to the change in the volume of fluid in the inner ear. Try to eliminate salt from your diet and abstain from alcohol in order to prevent such a condition.

- Prevention of ear infections
Otitis media is a common kind of ear infection seen in children but adults can have it too. It causes dizziness and nausea. Completing the antibiotics course helps prevent this infection.
One can also opt for an annual flu shot to keep away the flu-related infections in the ear.
 

1399 people found this helpful

Ear Problems - Know How Dizziness Affects It!

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Patna
Ear Problems - Know How Dizziness Affects It!

Dizziness is usually described as a variety of sensations which comprise of a feeling of faintness, unsteady, weak, light-headed, giddy or woozy. When dizziness causes a false feeling of spinning and the moving surroundings is known as vertigo.
Dizziness can be one of the most common reasons for a visit to the doctor. However, the constant feeling of dizziness can affect a person's life drastically, but it is rarely life-threatening. The treatment of dizzy sensation and dizziness mostly depends on the symptoms.

Causes of Dizziness-
The common causes of dizziness are medication, motion sickness and ear problems, especially disturbances of the inner ear. An injury, infection or poor blood circulation can also lead to dizziness. The triggers of dizziness and the sensations it provides are used to evaluate the cause. Also, the duration of the dizziness and the symptoms lead to a clue towards the cause of the same.

Dizziness Caused By the Inner Ear Problems
The balance of the body depends on the combined effort of many parts of the sensory system. These are:

  • Sensory Nerves: These send messages to the brain in regard to the body positions and its movements
  • Inner Ear: The inner ear has the organ of Corti which are responsible for detecting the motions and thereby help in the balance of the body.

In vertigo, a person might feel that the things around them are moving thus creating a swaying or a spinning motion. Vertigo is usually caused by the problems of the inner ear. 

The common causes are:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This happens when the calcium particles accumulate in the inner ear canals. The inner ear is responsible for body movements and balance.
  • Meniere's disease, a problem of the inner ear mainly caused by the build-up of the fluids thereby leading to a change in pressure. This causes vertigo along with hearing loss and tinnitus.
  • Vestibular neuritis is the problem of the inner ear and is largely due to infection. Infection leads to swelling of the nerves of the inner ear which affect the body movements.

Treatment of Vertigo Includes:

  • Rehabilitation of the vestibular system by physical therapy in order to strengthen it.
  • Canalith repositioning by suggesting somebody and head movements basically for BVVP. These movements help to move the calcium deposits from the inner ear canals to one of the chambers, which are further absorbed by the body. When the canaliths (calcium deposits) move, it might give rise to vertigo.
  • Medicines are given to relieve symptoms of motion sickness and nausea. Antibiotics can be taken in case of infection and swelling.
  • Surgery in some cases.
1944 people found this helpful

Dizziness - Can It Be Caused Because Of Ear Issues?

Dr.Sourav Chakraborty 89% (52ratings)
MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Dizziness - Can It Be Caused Because Of Ear Issues?

Dizziness is usually described as variety of sensations which comprise of a feeling of faintness, unsteady, weak, light-headed, giddy or woozy. When dizziness causes a false feeling of spinning and the moving surroundings is known as vertigo.

Dizziness can be one of the most common reasons for a visit to the doctor. However, the constant feeling of dizziness can affect a person's life drastically, but it is rarely life-threatening. The treatment of dizzy sensation and dizziness mostly depends on the symptoms.

Causes of Dizziness

The common causes of dizziness are medication, motion sickness and ear problems, especially disturbances of the inner ear. An injury, infection or poor blood circulation can also lead to dizziness. The triggers of dizziness and the sensations it provides are used to evaluate the cause. Also, the duration of the dizziness and the symptoms lead to a clue towards the cause of the same.
Dizziness Caused By the Inner Ear Problems
The balance of the body depends on the combined effort of many parts of the sensory system. These are:

  • Sensory Nerves: These send messages to the brain in regard to the body positions and their movements
  • Inner Ear: The inner ear has the organ of corti which are responsible for detecting the motions and thereby help in the balance of the body.

In vertigo, a person might feel that the things around them are moving thus creating a swaying or a spinning motion. Vertigo is usually caused by the problems of the inner ear. 

The common causes are:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This happens when the calcium particles accumulate in the inner ear canals. The inner ear is responsible for body movements and balance.
  • Meniere's disease, a problem of the inner ear mainly caused by the build-up of the fluids thereby leading to a change in pressure. This causes vertigo along with hearing loss and tinnitus.
  • Vestibular neuritis is the problem of the inner ear and is largely due to infection. Infection leads to swelling of the nerves of the inner ear which affect the body movements.

Treatment of Vertigo Includes:

  • Rehabilitation of the vestibular system by physical therapy in order to strengthen it.
  • Canalith repositioning by suggesting some body and head movements basically for BVVP. These movements help to move the calcium deposits from the inner ear canals to one of the chambers, which are further absorbed by the body. When the canaliths (calcium deposits) move, it might give rise to vertigo.
  • Medicines are given to relieve symptoms of motion sickness and nausea. Antibiotics can be taken in case of infection and swelling.
  • Surgery in some cases.
3078 people found this helpful

Vomiting - How To Handle It While Pregnant?

Dr.Meenu Bansal 87% (10ratings)
DGO, MBBS, FOGSI
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Vomiting - How To Handle It While Pregnant?

While pregnancy is not a pathological condition, it is a happy time that can be marred by various conditions. Proper precautions should be taken during early pregnancy. Debilitating morning or all day sickness, which is usually characterised by nausea, reflux in the gastro esophageal band, heartburn and acidity. This can also turn into vomiting and lead to complications if it does not stop. Persistent, almost daily vomiting can be termed as excessive vomiting in pregnancy, and this is known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum in medical terms. Let us find out more about this condition.

Routine: Hyperemesis Gravidarum usually strikes as a matter of routine at a set time every day where the patient will either be in unappetising company of acute and painful acidity and nausea, or will also be vomiting.

Severity: The severity of the condition usually decreases as the patient's pregnancy progresses. Usually, this condition strikes around the fourth or fifth week of pregnancy, before becoming better towards the middle of the second trimester. There are cases, though, where it continues to be just as severe till the very end of the pregnancy.

When to Take Action: The patient may have to be hospitalised in case too much vomiting takes place, so as to prevent excess loss of water and salt from the body and resultant weakness which may affect the growth of the foetus. Also, it is best to call the doctor when you have experienced fainting and dizzy spells.

Causes: Hyperemesis Gravidarum or excessive vomiting during pregnancy cannot be attributed to any specific or single cause. Usually, it is known to be a genetic condition passed down by mothers to their daughters. But in most cases, doctors believe that the condition is due to hormonal changes where an increase in the HCG hormone, or Human Chronic Gonadotropin hormone level during pregnancy may lead to a variety of symptoms such as morning sickness or excessive vomiting. This hormone is known to be at its peak during pregnancy.

Risk Factors: It has mostly been seen that women who are carrying twins are at risk of suffering from this condition. Also, women who have suffered from chronic motion sickness in the past report excessive vomiting during pregnancy.

Treatment: The best way to treat this issue is to prevent too much nausea and vomiting with the help of a bland diet that does not have heavy to digest ingredients. Also, it is best to take small and frequent meals.

Working your way around excessive vomiting during pregnancy is a matter of ensuring that you take rest, fluids and other precautions. Speak with us in a private consultation to know more.

1296 people found this helpful

Causes And Prevention Of Balance Disorders!

Dr.Sachin Gupta 90% (24ratings)
MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Jammu
Causes And Prevention Of Balance Disorders!

Balance disorder is more prevalent in old people but they are not the only ones who are affected by it. There are many causes that can lead to balance disorder and some of them can be controlled. Balance problem causes spinning of head coupled with dizziness while standing or sitting which can lead to an injurious fall.

Symptoms

The common symptoms of balance disorder include :

-       Dizziness
-       Nausea
-       Depression, anxiety or fear
-       Blurred vision
-       Disorientation
-       Tiredness
-       Inability to concentrate
-       Changes in heart rate and blood pressure

Causes

-       Ear infection

If the vestibular system (which is also called the labyrinth) inside your ear gets infected and inflamed, it can cause balance disorder. This is because the inner part of the ear is responsible for coordination and balance. This condition is known as labyrinthitis and it is frequently accompanied by dizziness and vertigo. Viral and respiratory infections can also cause labyrinthitis.

-       Poor circulation

Certain diseases associated with the circulatory system such as stroke can cause dizziness and various other balance problems.

-       Medications

There are certain medications that can lead to balance disorder. For example: medications to normalize blood pressure can cause dizziness. Ototoxic drugs are infamous for causing ear problems that lead to imbalance. Sometimes its effects are felt only during the period of using but many people have suffered permanent ear damage.

Other causes of balance disorder include head injury, imbalance of chemicals in the brain, arthritis, neurological conditions and aging.

Prevention

-       Balanced diet

Meniere's disease is a condition that causes ear problems which lead to vertigo. It is primarily connected to the change in the volume of fluid in the inner ear. Try to eliminate salt from your diet and abstain from alcohol in order to prevent such a condition.

-       Prevention of ear infections

Otitis media is a common kind of ear infection seen in children but adults can have it too. It causes dizziness and nausea. Completing the antibiotics course helps prevent this infection.
One can also opt for an annual flu shot to keep away the flu- related infections in the ear.
 

2865 people found this helpful

Can Clogged Ears Make You Dizzy?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
ENT Specialist, Pune
Can Clogged Ears Make You Dizzy?

Dizziness is usually described as variety of sensations which comprise of a feeling of faintness, unsteady, weak, light headed, giddy or woozy. When dizziness causes a false feeling of spinning and the moving surroundings is known as vertigo.
Dizziness can be one of the most common reasons for a visit to the doctor. However, constant feeling of dizziness can affect a person's life drastically, but it is rarely life threatening. The treatment of dizzy sensation and dizziness mostly depends on the symptoms.

Causes of Dizziness
The common causes of dizziness are medication, motion sickness and ear problems, especially disturbances of the inner ear. An injury, infection or poor blood circulation can also lead to dizziness. The triggers of dizziness and the sensations it provides are used to evaluate the cause. Also, the duration of the dizziness and the symptoms lead to a clue towards the cause of the same.
Dizziness Caused By the Inner Ear Problems
The balance of the body depends on the combined effort of many parts of the sensory system. These are:

  • Sensory Nerves: These send messages to the brain in regard to the body positions and its movements
  • Inner Ear: The inner ear has the organ of corti which are responsible for detecting the motions and thereby help in the balance of the body.

In vertigo a person might feel that the things around them are moving thus creating a swaying or a spinning motion. Vertigo is usually caused by the problems of the inner ear. 

The common causes are:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This happens when the calcium particles accumulate in the inner ear canals. The inner ear is responsible for the body movements and balance.
  • Meniere's disease, a problem of the inner ear mainly caused by the build-up of the fluids thereby leading to a change in pressure. This causes vertigo along with hearing loss and tinnitus.
  • Vestibular neuritis is the problem of the inner ear and is largely due to infection. Infection leads to swelling of the nerves of the inner ear which effect the body movements.

Treatment of Vertigo Includes:

  • Rehabilitation of the vestibular system by physical therapy in order to strengthen it.
  • Canalith repositioning by suggesting some body and head movements basically for BVVP. These movements help to move the calcium deposits from the inner ear canals to one of the chambers, which are further absorbed by the body. When the canaliths (calcium deposits) move, it might give rise to vertigo.
  • Medicines are given to relieve symptoms of motion sickness and nausea. Antibiotics can be taken in case of infection and swelling.
  • Surgery in some cases.
1950 people found this helpful

Dizziness - How ENT Can Help?

Dr.Sunil Agrawal 90% (18ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), Fellowship In Micro Ear surgery -
ENT Specialist, Indore
Dizziness - How ENT Can Help?

Dizziness is now a very common problem among adults. Maybe people do not take this to be a serious problem in many of the cases, but the repeated feeling of dizziness may lead them to visit a doctor. When in the case of such a situation, you visit a general physician, not knowing the causes of such problem; often the doctor will refer you to an ENT. There have been some reasons why you should visit an ENT for dizziness.

Symptoms of Dizziness

Often dizziness occurs along with some other symptoms too. Some of the symptoms that are accompanied by dizziness are:

Some Important Reasons for Dizziness
If you are facing dizziness on regular grounds, then it may happen that it is due to some very serious health complications that you are suffering from. Some of the problems that may cause dizziness are:
Inner ear issues,

  • Issues in the central nervous system,
  • Issues related to the cardiovascular system,
  • Bacterial or viral infection,
  • Side effects of any medicine.

Diagnosis of The Problem
Diagnosis of the problem is the most important step in case of dizziness. It is because the diagnosis is not about whether you are feeling dizzy or not, it is the diagnosis of why you are feeling dizzy. There are some tests related to balance to diagnose the cause of dizziness. To get the tests done related to balance, you need to visit an ENT because the balance system of the human body is there located in the inner ear.
Though the balance of the body is there to the inner ear, also the test of other sensory organs such as eye and brain is also done. This is because balance disorder or dizziness happens when there is a problem in the communication system of the body. One of the most important ways to diagnose balance is by doing an eye test that is known as nystagmus.

Treatment of The Problem
After several tests of various sensory organs, when the ENT expert reaches a particular result, then the treatment starts depending upon the diagnosis. Today treatment for such balance disorder or dizziness has become common. Some problems can get solved by a changed diet only while others may need the help of medicines. Again, some of the problems may get cured by doing exercises while for some; you may need the help of a physiotherapist too.

When it is about dizziness, it is surely about balance disorder due to some major problems. Balance is controlled from with the inner eye and other sensory organs also, hence it is important to visit the ENT in this case.

3892 people found this helpful

Balancing Problem - How An Audiologist Can Be Your Rescuer?

Mr.Lovedeep Kholia 89% (86ratings)
M.Sc - Audiology, BASLP
Audiologist, Delhi
Balancing Problem -  How An Audiologist Can Be Your Rescuer?

A balancing problem often causes dizziness. When you are standing still, you will have a feeling like everything around you is moving and spinning and that is due to dizziness. Labyrinth is one of the organs present inside the ear, which is a part of the balance system. This organ will interact with the other body organs as well like eyes, bones, joints, etc. Along with these organs, the nervous system and brain can also contribute towards your trouble in balancing.

Symptoms:
There are different symptoms that a person with balancing trouble may face Some of them are as follows:

  • Unable to walk straight as everything around seems to be spinning
  • Unable to stand up
  • Vertigo or dizziness
  • A tendency to fall down while walking
  • Lightheadedness
  • Blurry vision
  • Disorientation

There are some people who also have problems such as nausea, vomiting, blood pressure, change in heartbeat, diarrhea, anxiety, etc. These symptoms usually last for a short time, but in rare conditions, they last really long.

Causes of balancing trouble:
Bacterial or viral infection, blood circulation disorders, and head injury can be some of the reasons for affecting the internal part of the ear. Along with that, aging and some kind of medications can also cause balance trouble. Basically, the four areas mentioned below may lead to a trouble in balancing:

  • Any problem in the brain and its connecting nerves
  • Labyrinth disturbances
  • Any kind of problem with the body apart from the brain and head
  • Problems related to blood flow

How is the balancing problem diagnosed?
Based on the symptoms and many other factors, the affected individual will be diagnosed. It is not at all easy to detect balancing problems. The following tests are conducted to determine the problem:

  • Blood tests
  • Exams for hearing
  • Scans for brain
  • Scans of head

Here is how an audiologist can help you
When you are having hearing and balancing issues, it is always good to consult a certified audiologist. Vertigo or balancing problems can be due to many conditions inside the ear; therefore, an audiologic evaluation should be conducted. The basic cause and the possible treatment for it can be suggested with the help of this evaluation only.

Based on the audiologic evaluation results and the medical findings, the audiologist will be able to find a way to treat dizziness. You will be provided more information about Vertigo in order to understand it in a much better way. So, when the cause is clear and you understand the ailment better, it gets easier for the doctor to treat you and you will be relieved from the scary feeling of getting unbalanced and falling.

4850 people found this helpful
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