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My mother is 66 years old. Operated with brain tumor 17 years back. She is schizophrenic as well. She is facing difficulty swallowing food and even consuming liquid food. What might be the reason for this.

Dr. Nikhilesh Borkar 95% (818 ratings)
MBBS, M.S. General Surgery, M.R.C.S. England, M.Ch. Surgical Oncology, DNB Surgical Oncology, FEBS Surgical Oncology, DNB General Surgery, MNAMS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FEBS Breast Surgery, FACS, Fellowship IFHNOS & MSKCC USA, Fellowship in breast and oncplastic Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
My mother is 66 years old. Operated with brain tumor 17 years back. She is schizophrenic as well. She is facing diffi...
Please get an OGD scopy done by a gastroenterologist. They need to rule out benign as well as malignant causes of dysphagia.
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High fever, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, minor difficulty in breathing. Cold.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 90% (5760 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
High fever, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, minor difficulty in breathing. Cold.
It's due to sore throat i think,,,, gurgle with laung,,take honey in warm water,, with this u need proper homoeopathic treatment to cure ur problem
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Dysphagia - Know More About It In Detail!

Dr. Anurag Tandon 86% (67 ratings)
MS - ENT, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Dysphagia - Know More About It In Detail!

Swallowing food comes naturally to human beings. But when there is a problem, it is usually called Dysphagia. Esophagus, a muscular tube-like organ located at the back of our throat, usually helps in swallowing food and transferring them to our stomach. When esophagus does not function properly, dysphagia happens. Patients suffering from brain or nerve disorder, seniors and babies might have this problem.

People with dysphagia might witness the following issues:

  • Difficulty in swallowing solids and liquids.
  • Gaging, choking or coughing usually occurs when trying to swallow.
  • Experience pain when trying to swallow and also heartburn.
  • Swallowed food might come back up either through mouth or nose.
  • A chronic problem might result in weight loss.

There are 2 main reasons, why the Esophagus might become dysfunctional.

  1. Due to some medical condition the muscles and nerves that help the esophagus work have stopped working.
  2. The esophagus is blocked by something.

There can be a number of reasons for both the condition. Here are the reasons why the muscles and nerves might not work.

Certain diseases can create problems with your nervous system, which in turn can affect the esophagus. These diseases are polio, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s disease.


  1. A brain stroke, spinal cord injury or brain injury can also affect swallowing.
  2. Polymyositis or Dermatomyositis are immune system problems that can cause swelling or weakness.
  3. The muscles of esophagus suddenly squeeze, which is called esophagus spasm.
  4. Scleroderma causes the esophagus to become thin and weak.

The esophagus might be blocked because of these reasons:

  1. Esophagus might have malignant or non-malignant tumours.
  2. Esophagitis is a medical condition when the esophagus is infected, got some allergy or even if a pill got stuck on it.
  3. People suffering from reflux diseases often experience the acid that backs up into the esophagus. This can cause an ulcer on it resulting in scars. Scars make Esophagus narrower, making it difficult to swallow.
  4. There are small sacs called Diverticula on the esophagus or the throat, often making it difficult to swallow.
  5. Lymph nodes, tumours, bone spurs can also obstruct esophagus and create difficulty in swallowing.

5 Symptoms Of Achalasia!

Dr. Yuvaraja 85% (10 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, Membership of The Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), Diploma In Laparoscopy, FICS, FACRSI
Gastroenterologist, Salem
5 Symptoms Of Achalasia!

Achalasia is a very rare disease. Normally, your esophagus squeezes food down by making the muscular valve in between the stomach and esophagus relax. Achalasia occurs when this muscular valve is unable to relax and thus the esophagus is unable to squeeze the food down. The most common reason why this happens is because the nerves in your esophagus are damaged. The nerves most commonly get damaged because of abnormalities in the way your immune system responds. Till now, there is no cure to achalasia; however, surgery or minimally invasive therapy can make the symptoms of achalasia more manageable. Here are all the causes and symptoms of achalasia:


  1. Difficulty swallowing: The difficulty you face when swallowing food is the most common symptom of achalasia. Both liquid as well as solid food will be hard to swallow.
  2. Regurgitation: If the food is regurgitating in the night, then the lungs may have been inhaling some food. This is very serious and you should see the doctor immediately if this occurs.
  3. Chest pain: You may suddenly experience chest pain from a completely unknown cause. 
  4. Weight loss: You may also suffer from sudden weight loss if you have achalasia. This is due to the reduced amount of food you will be consuming.
  5. Heartburn: Heartburn is when you have a very intense burning pain in your chest just behind your breastbone which is most commonly caused by regurgitation in your esophagus. 

The exact cause of achalasia is not yet known. However, there are some theories on what causes achalasia. Here they are.

  1. Genes: The most common cause of achalasia is genes. 
  2. Autoimmune disease: An autoimmune disease is when your immune system attacks your body's own cells. Achalasia is a type of autoimmune disease.
  3. Infection: There have also been a lot of claims that infections are the cause of achalasia.

5 Treatment Methods For Dysphagia

Dr. Kunal Das 88% (10 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
5 Treatment Methods For Dysphagia

Dysphagia is the difficulty in swallowing food or liquid. Most people suffering from dysphagia are unaware of their medical condition and only realize it in later stages. When not diagnosed and treated in time, it may lead to aspiration pneumonia (lung infection occurring due to food particles or saliva entering the lung), weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition. Some of the symptoms include:

  1. Heartburn
  2. Choking
  3. Drooling
  4. Having the feeling of food getting stuck in the chest or throat.
  5. Food or stomach acid coming back up into the throat
  6. Regurgitation
  7. Hoarseness of the throat
  8. Gagging and coughing while swallowing
  9. Experiencing pain while swallowing

There are two types of dysphagia:

Esophageal Dysphagia:
This is also known as low dysphagia and is the condition in which one can sense food getting stuck in the throat or chest area. The problem lies in the esophagus. Generally, the surgical procedure is required to solve the problem. Some of the causes of low dysphagia include-

  1. Achalasia- lower muscles in the esophagus do not allow food to enter the stomach.
  2. Diffuse spasm- Uncontrolled contractions of the lower esophagus after swallowing food.
  3. Esophageal stricture- Narrowing of the passage of esophagus making it difficult for food to pass. It often leads to GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease).
  4. Esophageal Ring- A narrowing of the lower portion of the esophagus
  5. Scleroderma- Autoimmune disease where it leads to hardening and stiffening of body tissues.

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia:
This is also known as high dysphagia and is the condition where the throat muscles become weak making it difficult to swallow food. Some of the causes for high dysphagia include- stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Zenker’s Diverticulum (a condition in which food particles get accumulated inside a small pouch in your throat) and cancer.

Depending on the type of dysphagia, you will be advised any one of the treatment courses available. It can range from swallowing therapy, dietary changes, feeding tubes and medications to even surgery. The treatment is carried out by a multidisciplinary team. A multidisciplinary team includes- a speech-language pathologist, primary physician, gastroenterologist, dietitian, therapist, radiologist and pharmacist. The treatments for dysphagia include:

  1. Swallowing Therapy- If you are suffering from high dysphagia, you will be referred to speech and language therapists. You will be taught a number of exercises to make the process of swallowing easier and simple.
  2. Dietary Changes- In this method, you will be referred to a dietician or nutritionist. You will be advised a well-balanced and healthy diet that may include more liquid and semi-liquid food.
  3. Feeding Tube- When swallowing becomes extremely difficult and the patient is at risk of suffering from malnutrition and dehydration, the patient is usually fed through a nasogastric tube which passes through the nose and into the stomach. PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy) tube which is directly implanted in your stomach.
  4. Dilation- People suffering from low dysphagia have to undergo surgery. One of the methods is dilation. Through endoscopy, images of inside the throat is taken and a small balloon is inserted.
  5. Botulinum Toxin (Botox) - One of the causes for low dysphagia is achalasia. In such cases, botulinum toxin is used to relax and weaken the stiff and hardened muscles of the esophagus.

These were some of the treatment options for dysphagia that prove it is treatable and can be cured easily. Generally, dysphagia occurs in older people and babies. Whatever may be the cause, the main purpose of the treatment of dysphagia is to make the patient go back to oral feeding.

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Hi Sir, I swallow chewing gum by mistake and I can feel it on middle of my neck so what should I do? Is this something serious? Will it stick to any part of my body? Please help.

Dr. Vikas Gupta 94% (1216 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jammu
Hi Sir, I swallow chewing gum by mistake and I can feel it on middle of my neck so what should I do? Is this somethin...
Chewing gum will not stick to any part.the git track is very slimy and within days chewing gum will pass out with faeces
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Hello, I have problem in swallowing some time. Even Sometimes its difficult for me to swallow the water. I consult the doctor and he did endoscopy and diagnose the problem of esophagus narrowing at GE junction. He was unable to clarify the cause for the same. I am a non alcoholic and nonsmoking person. What is the cause of esophagus narrowing?

Mrs. Anam Kaushal 91% (79 ratings)
MPhil Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Hello, I have problem in swallowing some time. Even Sometimes its difficult for me to swallow the water. I consult th...
Esophagus narrowing is a condition where one has difficulty in swallowing and the esophagus tend to tighten or narrow. It is a form of acid reflux and happens due to stomach acid. The stomach acid travel to the esophagus. Kindly consult a doctor and start with your treatment.
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What Is Dysphagia?

Dr. Preeti Mishra 92% (28 ratings)
BASLP (Bachelor of Audiology Speech Language Pathology)
Speech Therapist, Kolkata

Difficulty in swallowing your food or your own saliva is called dysphagia. It takes more time and effort to move food from mouth to stomach.


  • Pain while swallowing
  • Unable to swallow
  • Drooling
  • Loss of weight
  • Cough or gagging while swallowing

My uvula is very red and have 2 white spots. When swallow empty it pains. Also curve around uvula red. I had ischiorectal abscess surgery last week and taking antibiotics. Please suggest why uvula is inflamed and have two white spots on it. Currently I am taking medicines after surgery as follow: Megazolid plus (cefixime 200 mg and linezolid 600 mg) Chymoral forte DS (trysin-chymotrypsin tablet) Ornida (ornidazole tablet up 500 mg) Stanac-p (aceclofenac and paracetamol) -SOS Can you please suggest how to get rid from redness pain and white spots from uvula and red curve part. Also kindly advise taking medicine for throat will make any impact or side effect with my current medicines taking after ischiorectal abscess surgery? Thank you very much in advance.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 95% (8331 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
My uvula is very red and have 2 white spots. When swallow empty it pains. Also curve around uvula red.
I had ischiore...
Hello dear Lybrate user, hi Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly. The uvula redness is part of side effect of antibiotics and anti inflammatory medicines given by your doctor along with low immunity of the body My guidelines at present - continue your current drugs - drink plenty of liquids - prefer soft, light diet with high fiber content as green leafy veg, cereals, whole grains, pulses for soft bowel evacuation - in case of constipation, may require bulk forming laxative - tablet B folcin plus 3 times a day along with above medicines - gargles with salted lukewarm water added peppermint oil 3 times a day - add to take turmeric powder in boiled milk, honey for herbal support and faster recovery of the uvula problem - avoid smoking or alcohol if using - do not shout much Follow up after 2 days or early as per the requirement. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL Regards take care.
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Khana khatai samay galay throat me pain hota hai. Back side neck mai bhi jab food latai hai tab jyada hota ha. Antibiotics take pain killer but no relief suggests what its.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 94% (14064 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Khana khatai samay galay throat me pain hota hai. Back side neck mai bhi jab food latai hai tab jyada hota ha. Antibi...
It is better to consult for proper treatment. Till then take homoeopathic medicine Belladonna 30 one dose
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