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Difficulty Swallowing Health Feed

Achalasia - How To Get Rid Of It?

Dr. Mankindd Hospital 91% (272 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Achalasia - How To Get Rid Of It?

The tube that carries food to your stomach from your throat is called the oesophagus. When the muscular valve (lower oesophagus sphincter) in the oesophagus fails to relax and carry the food to the stomach, the condition is termed as achalasia.

Achalasia has a variety of causes, and can be difficult for your doctor to diagnose the exact cause. Some common causes of achalasia include:

1. Hereditary predispositions
2. Autoimmune disorders (The immune system erroneously destroys healthy cells in the body)
3. Nerve degeneration in the oesophagus

There other medical conditions that often lead to symptoms identical to achalasia, such as oesophageal cancer and Chagas’ disease (an infectious disease caused by a parasite).

Other symptoms of achalasia include:

The most prominent symptom of achalasia is dysphagia, which is characterised by swallowing difficulties or sensations of food stuck in the oesophagus. Dysphagia often triggers coughing and shortness of breath or choking on food.
1. Discomfort or pain in the chest
2. Weight loss
3. Heartburn
4. Intense discomfort or pain after eating

Some of the treatments include:

Most of the methods to treat achalasia focus on the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES). The treatments used can either permanently alter the sphincter’s function, or reduce symptoms.
1. Oral medications such as calcium channel blockers or nitrates are prescribed, which can relax the LES to let food pass through with more ease. Your doctor may also treat the LES with Botox.
2. For a more permanent treatment, the sphincter can be dilated or altered. In dilation, a balloon is inserted into the oesophagus and it is inflated. This will stretch out your oesophagus to improve function.
3. To alter the oesophagus, oesophagomyotomy is performed. It is a kind of surgery where minimal incisions are made to gain access to the LES, and then it is carefully altered to improve flow of food to the stomach.

Unlike dilation, which can cause complications such as tears in the oesophagus, oesophagomyotomy has a greater success rate. However, certain complications may still arise, such as:

1. Acid reflux
2. Respiratory conditions that are caused by food entering your windpipe

3799 people found this helpful

Sir, I am Having throat problem. When swallowing I feel some pain in my vocal cord area.

Dr. Ramakrishna Chanduri 89% (3322 ratings)
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Sir, I am Having throat problem. When swallowing I feel some pain in my vocal cord area.
Gargle with salt water. This is one of the oldest and easiest home remedies for sore throat that even your grandmother would recommend. Salt has great antibacterial properties Turmeric milk. Turmeric is a natural antibiotic Herbal tea. Apple cider vinegar.
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Dysphagia Or Difficulty In Swallowing!

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 91% (3520 ratings)
Homeopath, Delhi

Difficulty in swallowing solids or liquids is called dysphagia.
• Enlarged tonsils.
• Cancer of the oral cavity.
• Fungal infection of the mouth.
• Cerebro-vascular accidents.
• Motor neuron disease [a nerve disorder].
• Myasthenia gravis [fatigue and exhaustion of the muscular system with progressive muscular paralysis].
• Parkinsonism [a group of neurological disorder marked by diminished motor activity, tremor and muscular rigidity].
• Pharyngo-esophageal diverticulum [pouch/sac].
• Pharyngeal pouch.
• Post-cricoid web.
• Achalasia [failure of the sphincter at the junction of the esophagus and the stomach, to relax].
• Diffuse esophageal spasm.
• Abnormal course of subclavian artery.
• Oesophagitis.
• Peptic stricture.
• External compression from mediastinal masses.
• Dilated left atrium [chamber of heart] in mitral stenosis.
• Difficulty in swallowing solids or liquids or both.
• Nasal regurgitation or cough, while swallowing.
• Difficulty in swallowing when watched by others [in Parkinsonism].
• Sensation of fullness in the middle of the chest with a feeling as if the food had stopped somewhere along the esophagus.
• Regurgitation relieves pain and fullness in the centre of the chest.
• Cough.
• Need to drink water while eating.
• Can lead to malnutrition.
• Treat the cause.
• Eat soft, semisolid or mashed food, which is easy to swallow.
• Consume soups – vegetable, tomatoes, and green leafy vegetables etc.
• Have fruits juices, sugarcane juice, buttermilk, and milk.
• Make different porridge- wheat porridge, rice porridge or lentil porridge etc.
• Boil food properly and then mash it so it's easy to swallow.
• Try to make different varieties so all nutrients are consumed to prevent malnutrition.
• Eat small quantities of food at regular intervals.
• In severe cases where food is supplied to the body through food pipe,feed different varieties of soups, porridge and juices.
• Do not speak while eating.
• Eat your food very slowly.
• Chew the food well.

What is the normal length of Palatine uvula. As I have problem in swallowing saliva and drinking water.

Dr. Kunal Ghedia 88% (19 ratings)
General Physician, Rajkot
What is the normal length of Palatine uvula. As I have problem in swallowing saliva and drinking water.
Dear lybrate-user, that hanging thing behind the throat is varied among people from 0.5 cm to 1.5 cm but being said that length have no concern, unless it hinders produce discomfort. In your case if you find redness in throat any pus dropelts and soar throat please consult privately for further medication regarding your condition. Regards.
1 person found this helpful
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I had thorat infection from last 1 month, disturbance at the time of food swallowing.

Dr. Nash Kamdin 95% (5287 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
I had thorat infection from last 1 month, disturbance at the time of food swallowing.
Dear lybrateuser, -Do warm salt water gargles three times a day - avoid fried, spicy & junk foods - have more of warm fluids including water, tea, coffee, milk & soup, avoid all cold fluids and refrigerated foods - take a pain relief tablet after meals if pain is there while swallowing - avoid dust, smoke & pollutants.
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Achalasia - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Rajneesh Gulati 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DM (Gastroenterology)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Achalasia - What Can Cause It?

Achalasia is a very rare disease. Normally, your esophagus squeezes food down by making the muscular valve in between the stomach and esophagus relax. Achalasia occurs when this muscular valve is unable to relax and thus the esophagus is unable to squeeze the food down. The most common reason why this happens is because the nerves in your esophagus are damaged. The nerves most commonly get damaged because of abnormalities in the way your immune system responds. Till now, there is no cure to achalasia; however surgery or minimally invasive therapy can make the symptoms of achalasia more manageable. Here are all the causes and symptoms of achalasia:


1.  Difficulty swallowing
The difficulty you face when swallowing food is the most common symptom of achalasia. Both liquid as well as solid food will be hard to swallow.

2.  Regurgitation
If the food is regurgitating in the night, then the lungs may have been inhaling some food. This is very serious and you should see the doctor immediately if this occurs.

3.  Chest pain
You may suddenly experience chest pain from a completely unknown cause. 

4.  Weight loss
You may also suffer from sudden weight loss if you have achalasia. This is due to the reduced amount of food you will be consuming.

5.  Heartburn
Heartburn is when you have a very intense burning pain in your chest just behind your breastbone which is most commonly caused by regurgitation in your esophagus. 

The exact cause of achalasia is not yet known. However, there are some theories on what causes achalasia. Here they are.

1.  Genes
The most common cause of achalasia is genes. 

2.  Autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is when your immune system attacks your body's own cells. Achalasia is a type of autoimmune disease.

3.  Infection
There have also been a lot of claims that infections are the cause of achalasia.

2491 people found this helpful

All About Tonsillits!

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 88% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
All About Tonsillits!

Tonsillitis:- infectious and inflammatory condition of tonsils is termed as tonsillitis.
Causative organisms:- staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus and e-coli.

Types of Tonsillitis:- 
1. Acute tonsillitis- inflammation of tonsils by the infection caused by causative organism.
2. Chronic tonsillitis- recurrent attacks of acute tonsillitis can cause chronic tonsillitis. 

▪often affects children, adults are less affected.
▪chronic infection in sinusitis or teeth may be the predisposing factors of chronic tonsillitis.

Signs and Symptoms:-
▪sore throat.
▪difficulty in swallowing.
▪fever-38 to 40°c, with chills and rigor. 
▪body ache.
▪tonsils may show varying degree of enlargement.
▪often the breadth is foetid, and tongue is coasted.
▪tonsils are red and swollen with yellowish spots of purulent material presenting at the opening of crypts. 
▪the jugulodigastric lymph nodes are enlarged and tender.
▪flushing of anterior pillars compared to the rest of phrangeal mucosa is an important sign.

General treatment:-

  • bed rest and encouraged the patient to take plenty of fluids.
  • attention to general health, diet.
  • treatment of co-exist infection of teeth, nose and sinusitis.
  • tonsillectomy if needed. 

Homoeopathic treatment:-

  • Baryta carb- every cold settles in throat, smarting in throat when swallowing. Throat is sore to touch. Tonsils enlarge and prone to suppurates, especially on right side. Bell- tonsillitis, worse on right side. Great dryness in throat with redness and burning. Feels constricted during swallowing. 
  • Calc. Fluor- follicular sore throat, plugs of mucous are continually forming in the crypts of the tonsils. Pain and burning in the throat better by warm drinks and worse by cold drinks.
  • Hepar sulph- passive and constricted sensation in the throat. Stiches in the throat which extend to ear. Smarting soreness in throat, worse on swallowing. Sensation as if fish bone or splincter were sticking in the throat. 
  • Lechesis- soreness, dryness and constriction in throat. Dark purple appearance of membrane. Throat seems large lump has settled over there. Liquid is more painful than solid. Thrpat is sensitive to touch. 
  • Psorinum- in chronic tonsillitis. Cutting and tearing pain especially when swallowing. Aggravate from cold air cold food and drink. Ameliorate by warm application and covering. Offensive saliva and taugh mucus in throat.
  • Phytolacca- sensation of lump, dark, red, ash-coloured appearance of throat, great pain in root of tongue, pain shoots from throat into ears on swallowing. Pain is shifting in nature. Tonsils are ulcerated and swollen. Sore throat.
  • Few other homoeopathic remedies are- puls, bry, syphilinum, nat sulph. Etc.
2 people found this helpful

Hi Sir, from last 3-4 weeks my father is facing problem in swallowing food after consulting doctor biopsy was done twice but both are negative no cancerous cells found. Request you to advice if operation is neceaasy for removing that toumer or same can be treated with medicines.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (7188 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Hi Sir, from last 3-4 weeks my father is facing problem in swallowing food after consulting doctor biopsy was done tw...
I think it can be cured by proper homoeopathic treatment, in allopathy surgery is the option, but in homoeopathy there is scope, So you can contact me through Lybrate in private consultation with all your reports.
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Difficulty In Swallowing - Are You At Risk Of Dysphagia?

Dr. Ajay Singhal 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Difficulty In Swallowing - Are You At Risk Of Dysphagia?

Swallowing food comes naturally to human beings. But when there is a problem, it is usually called Dysphagia. Esophagus, a muscular tube-like organ located at the back of our throat, usually helps in swallowing food and transferring them to our stomach. When esophagus does not function properly, dysphagia happens. Patients suffering from brain or nerve disorder, seniors and babies might have this problem.

People with dysphagia might witness the following issues:

  • Difficulty in swallowing solids and liquids.
  • Gaging, choking or coughing usually occurs when trying to swallow.
  • Experience pain when trying to swallow and also heartburn.
  • Swallowed food might come back up either through mouth or nose.
  • A chronic problem might result in weight loss.

There are 2 main reasons, why the Esophagus might become dysfunctional.

  1. Due to some medical condition the muscles and nerves that help the esophagus work have stopped working.
  2. The esophagus is blocked by something.

There can be a number of reasons for both the condition. Here are the reasons why the muscles and nerves might not work.
Certain diseases can create problems with your nervous system, which in turn can affect the esophagus. These diseases are polio, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s disease.

  1. A brain stroke, spinal cord injury or brain injury can also affect swallowing.
  2. Polymyositis or Dermatomyositis are immune system problems that can cause swelling or weakness.
  3. The muscles of esophagus suddenly squeeze, which is called esophagus spasm.
  4. Scleroderma causes the esophagus to become thin and weak.

The esophagus might be blocked because of these reasons:

  1. Esophagus might have malignant or non-malignant tumours.
  2. Esophagitis is a medical condition when the esophagus is infected, got some allergy or even if a pill got stuck on it.
  3. People suffering from reflux diseases often experience the acid that backs up into the esophagus. This can cause an ulcer on it resulting in scars. Scars make Esophagus narrower, making it difficult to swallow.
  4. There are small sacs called Diverticula on the esophagus or the throat, often making it difficult to swallow.
  5. Lymph nodes, tumours, bone spurs can also obstruct esophagus and create difficulty in swallowing.
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