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Diet For Diarrhoea Tips

All You Need to Know About Red Diarrhea!

Dr. Bharat Bhushan Bharti 89% (146 ratings)
MD Physician
General Physician, Delhi
All You Need to Know About Red Diarrhea!

Diarrhea, one of the most common but curable disease. It usually happens due to unhealthy food consumption or for an unpleasant digestive system. In today’s lifestyle, there may be hundreds of reasons behind an unpleasant digestive system like consumption of junk food, drinking impurified water etc.

The symptoms of diarrhea can be determined by simply examining the stool. Where a usual and healthy stool is brown, soft and shaped, diarrhea effected stool can be seen in the form of liquid. There are several types of diarrhea and the colour of the stool helps determine the type of it. Though it is a perfectly curable disease but the type ‘red diarrhea’ is not a good sign for your health. In this article, we will learn about the bloody or red diarrhea briefly.

What is Red Diarrhea?
After the consumption of food, it takes some time to get digested and later stored in the intestine. There the digested remaining turns to a solid material which we know as stool. In case of diarrhea, the digested materials come out of the intestine without spending there enough time to form into a solid material. Diarrhea effected stool comes out in liquid form.

As we mentioned earlier, there are several types of diarrhea, Red Diarrhea or also known as bloody diarrhea is one of them. It is not much harmful and can be cured easily with proper medicine and diet. Below we have discussed the major reasons behind red diarrhea.

Strange Reasons behind Red Diarrhea:
There are five major reasons that may cause red diarrhea.

  • Anal Fissure: A tiny tear in the anus pipe, known as anal fissure can be the cause of your red stool. In such case, the stool won’t be fully red coloured but partially red.
  • Haemorrhoids: In case you don’t know about the haemorrhoids, these are puffy blood vessels inside the anus or rectum. It is one of the major reason behind the red diarrhea and rectal bleeding.
  • Dysentery: diarrhea effected stool with blood is known as dysentery. Parasites named entamoeba histolytica and shigella bacteria are the reason behind it. These parasites may affect your intestine so badly that it can even start bleeding and cause red diarrhea.
  • Red Coloured Food: Yes, consuming unhygienic red coloured food may cause food poisoning and result red diarrhea. We must be focused on about our daily foods, the healthier the better.
  • GI (Gastro Intestinal) Bleeding: Gastric cancer and IBD are the two major reasons behind GI bleeding. It may cause high blood release via anus which can turn bloody diarrhea.

How to Get Rid of Red Diarrhea:
There is nothing to scare about red diarrhea. A simple treatment with proper diet can cure your body in few days. Here are the treatments for red diarrhea you can try.

  1. As our body loses huge amount of liquid in diarrhea, one must consume plenty of water or other liquids.
  2. Drinking ORS is must or your body may become weak.
  3. One should not eat unhealthy or spicy food when they are already effected by diarrhea.
  4. In serious cases one must consult to the doctor.

Hope we have successfully provided you all the needed information. If you have any query regarding this please comment below.

Diarrhea in Adults!!

MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Diarrhea in Adults!!

Diarrhea is one of the world’s most common ailments and almost everyone suffers from it now and then. It is a condition in which the bowel movements become loose and watery. In many cases, diarrhea lasts a couple of days. But when it lasts for a week, then it can mean a serious disorder. You have to seek medical attention immediately in such scenarios.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of diarrhea can include loose, watery stools, abdominal cramps and pain, blood in the stool and bloating symptoms. If the condition persists for more than two days and if you are unable to find any relief, consult your doctor. You might also tend to get dehydrated when you are suffering from the condition. Hence, you might feel weak and tired. Occasionally, your stool samples may be loaded with blood.

Causes:

There are many harmful pathogens that can cause diarrhea- including viruses and bacteria. One of the most important reasons is contaminated water and the buildup of parasites in your body. There are also certain foods that might not suit your body type and as a result, you might experience diarrhea. Do know your food symptoms and follow a proper diet accordingly. One of the major complications of diarrhea is dehydration and if left untreated, it can become life threatening. This is especially worse in small children. Hence seek medical attention if your child is suffering from it. Do look out for signs like no tears when your child cries and withdrawn face in your child.

Other causes include:

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis is usually rare for diarrhea unless you want to find the reason. Usually, this is done by testing your stool and in some cases even your blood.

When to see a doctor

People who have warning signs of blood or pus in the stool, fever, or signs of dehydration should see a doctor right away, as should those with significant abdominal pain. Such people may need immediate testing, treatment, and sometimes admission to a hospital. If the only warning signs are chronic or nighttime diarrhea or weight loss, people should see a doctor within a week or so. People without warning signs should call a doctor if diarrhea lasts for more than 72 hours. Depending on the person's other symptoms, age, and medical history, the doctor may recommend the person have an examination or try at-home or over-the-counter treatments

Treatment:

In most cases, diarrhea symptoms can clear up by themselves, without any treatment. Most of the scenarios involve changing your food habits for some days. You can take antibiotics but use of antibiotics in diarrhoea should be only under medical supervision. In most cases these are helpful and the symptoms will go away after a day or two. Drink plenty of fluids during these days to replenish the lost water content and to keep your body hydrated at all times. If drinking fluids affect your stomach then you may need to take the fluids intravenously. If you do not get relief from the symptoms even after a couple of days, seek medical help. 

Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) - How To Make It?

Oral Rehydration rehydration salts (ORS) is a special drink made up of sugars, salts, and clean water. It can help replace fluid loss from severe diarrhea or vomiting. Studies have shown ORS to be as effective as intravenous fluid administration when treating dehydration. ORS drinks can be made using purchased packets, like Pedialyte®, Infalyte®, and Naturalyte®. You can also make ORS drinks at home using clean water, salt, and sugar.

Making Your Own ORS Solution--

1. Gather the ingredients. To make your own ORS solution, you’ll need:

  • Table salt 
  • Clean water
  • Granulated or powdered sugar

2. Mix the dry ingredients. Add a half-teaspoon of table salt and 2 tablespoons of sugar into a clean container. You can use granulated or powdered sugar.

  • If you don't have a teaspoon to measure, you can use a fistful scoop of sugar and a three-finger pinch of salt. 

3. Add one liter of clean drinking water. If you cannot measure out a liter, add 5 cups of water (each cup is about 200 ml). Only use clean water. The water can be bottled water or recently boiled and cooled water.

  • Be sure to only use water. Milk, soup, fruit juice or soft drinks cannot be used since they will make the ORS ineffective. Don't add any extra sugar.

4. Stir well and drink. Use a spoon or whisk to mix the ORS powder into the water. After a minute or so of vigorous stirring, the solution should be completely dissolved. Now, it is ready to drink.

  • ORS solution can be refrigerated for 24 hours. Do not store it any longer. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.
6754 people found this helpful

All About Diarrhea in Children

Dr. Farzana Shakeel Shaikh 88% (30 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Pune
All About Diarrhea in Children

Diarrhea is a disorder that affects people of all age groups. Medically speaking, Diarrhea is a mechanism that the body uses to eliminate germs from the body. Usually this disorder lasts for a few days to a week. It is usually accompanied by nausea, fever and dehydration.

Children can be affected by diarrhea in a number of ways, some of them are:

  1. Infections: Various infections, such as the ones caused by rotavirus and salmonella bacteria can lead to diarrhea. Usually diarrhea in children is caused by viruses; if it is viral in nature, then it can also cause stomach cramps, headache and vomiting. It also leads to loss of fluid from the body. Hence, the child's fluid intake should be compensated accordingly. Usually oral rehydration solution that contains nutrient such as potassium and sodium are preferred.
  2. Medications: Intake of certain medications, such as antibiotics and laxatives can cause diarrhea in children. If the cause is due to antibiotic intake, then you should consult a doctor. The doctor may alter the dosage or ask to increase the child's water intake. Yoghurt may also help ease the symptoms of diarrhea if it is caused by antibiotics.
  3. Food poisoning: Diarrhea may also result from food poisoning; symptoms of this type usually disappear quickly. Along with loose and watery stools, the child may vomit frequently.

The major complication that results from diarrhea is dehydration. Severe dehydration may lead to severe brain damage and seizures. It may also cause symptoms of dry mouth, fatigue, dizziness and dark yellow urine.

Certain preventive measures are:

  1. Use your good judgment while eating outside. Do not consume food from places which use unhygienic modes of preparation.
  2. Make sure your child does not drink contaminated water and there is access to clean and filtered water all the time.
  3. Your child should be eating a balanced diet that primarily consists of vegetable and fruits. They also help in adding fiber to the diet that keeps your bowels healthy. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
5446 people found this helpful

Diarrhea In Children - How To Care For Them At Home?

Dr. Rahul Sharma 85% (38 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician, Delhi
Diarrhea In Children - How To Care For Them At Home?

Diarrhea is never a pleasant experience especially for children. Thankfully, diarrhea does not last long. Loose common stools are the most recognizable symptom of diarrhea. This can often be accompanied by vomitingnausea, cramps and dehydration. If your child also suffers from fever and weight loss or can see bloody mucus in their stool, you should contact your doctor at the earliest.

Some of the common causes of diarrhea in children are:

  1. Gastrointestinal infections - Viruses like rotavirus and parasites like giardia are the most common causes of diarrhea in children. This type of diarrhea can last from 5 to 14 days and can be cured with the help of laxatives and antibiotics.
  2. Food poisoning - Diarrhea caused by food poisoning usually lasts for not longer than 24 hours.
  3. Food allergies - Diarrhea is a common symptom of a food allergy. It usually stops once you stop eating whatever you are allergic to.
  4. Crohn's disease - This is a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive system. With Crohn's disease, the loose stool is often accompanied by blood.
  5. Celiac disease - If your body cannot digest gluten, you may be suffering from Celiac disease.

Diarrhea is highly contagious. It can spread through:

  1. Dirty hands
  2. Contaminated food or water
  3. Direct contact with fecal matter
  4. Touching a contaminated surface
  5. Diarrhea on its own is not a very serious issue. However, it may cause dehydration which can lead to a number of further complications. Some of the signs of dehydration cased by diarrhea are dizzinessdry mouth, dark urine, dry skin and lack of energy. Thus if your child is suffering from diarrhea, give him plenty of water and lots of rest.

To protect your child against diarrhea, all you need are a few lifestyle Ensure your child washes their hands well before and after-

Caring for Your Child at Home:

  • Make washing hands after using the toilet a part of toilet
  • Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids.
  • Do not feed them foods that seem to trigger diarrhea.
  • Wash your hands often, especially after each diaper change, to avoid spreading bacteria in the home.
  • You should continue breast-feeding when your baby has diarrhea. Breast milk can help ease symptoms of diarrhea and speed up recovery.
  • Continue your child's regular diet and give more liquids to replace those lost while the diarrhea continues if there are no signs of dehydration.
  • Use an oral rehydration solution (ORS) to replace lost fluids in non-dehydrated children.
  • Keep all bathroom surfaces clean. It is also a good idea to flush the toilet only after the lid has been lowered.
  • Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating
  • Wash all utensils that have come in contact with raw meat well before using them for anything else.
  • Keep all raw meats refrigerated or frozen. Once meat has been defrosted, do not freeze the raw meat again.
  • Food cooked like boiled, fried or those which can be peeled e.g. boiled egg, banana, orange, boiled rice, etc. can be eaten when out of home.
  • Teach your child to only drink from purified sources of water.
  • Do not wash pet utensils in the same sink used for cooking vessels and food items.
  • Keep an eye on what your child eats to heck if they may be allergic to anything.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3647 people found this helpful

How to Deal with Diarrhea in Children?

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar 89% (434 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Faridabad
How to Deal with Diarrhea in Children?

Diarrhea is never a pleasant experience especially for children. Thankfully, diarrhea does not last long. Loose common stools are the most recognizable symptom of diarrhea. This can often be accompanied by vomiting, nausea, cramps and dehydration. If your child also suffers from fever and weight loss or can see bloody mucus in their stool, you should contact your doctor at the earliest.

Some of the common causes of diarrhea in children are:

  1. Gastrointestinal infectionsViruses like rotavirus and parasites like giardia are the most common causes of diarrhea in children. This type of diarrhea can last from 5 to 14 days and can be cured with the help of laxatives and antibiotics.
  2. Food poisoningDiarrhea caused by food poisoning usually lasts for not longer than 24 hours.
  3. Food allergies - Diarrhea is a common symptom of a food allergy. It usually stops once you stop eating whatever you are allergic to.
  4. Crohn's diseaseThis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive system. With Crohn's disease, the loose stool is often accompanied by blood.
  5. Celiac disease - If your body cannot digest gluten, you may be suffering from Celiac disease.

Diarrhea is highly contagious. It can spread through:

  1. Dirty hands
  2. Contaminated food or water
  3. Direct contact with fecal matter
  4. Touching a contaminated surface
  5. Diarrhea on its own is not a very serious issue. However, it may cause dehydration which can lead to a number of further complications. Some of the signs of dehydration cased by diarrhea are dizziness, dry mouth, dark urine, dry skin and lack of energy. Thus if your child is suffering from diarrhea, give him plenty of water and lots of rest.

To protect your child against diarrhea, all you need are a few lifestyle Ensure your child washes their hands well before and after-

Caring for Your Child at Home:

  • Make washing hands after using the toilet a part of toilet
  • Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids.
  • Do not feed them foods that seem to trigger diarrhea.
  • Wash your hands often, especially after each diaper change, to avoid spreading bacteria in the home.
  • You should continue breast-feeding when your baby has diarrhea. Breast milk can help ease symptoms of diarrhea and speed up recovery.
  • Continue your child's regular diet and give more liquids to replace those lost while the diarrhea continues if there are no signs of dehydration.
  • Use an oral rehydration solution (ORS) to replace lost fluids in non-dehydrated children.
  • Keep all bathroom surfaces clean. It is also a good idea to flush the toilet only after the lid has been lowered.
  • Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating
  • Wash all utensils that have come in contact with raw meat well before using them for anything else.
  • Keep all raw meats refrigerated or frozen. Once meat has been defrosted, do not freeze the raw meat again.
  • Food cooked like boiled, fried or those which can be peeled e.g. boiled egg, banana, orange, boiled rice, etc. can be eaten when out of home.
  • Teach your child to only drink from purified sources of water.
  • Do not wash pet utensils in the same sink used for cooking vessels and food items.
  • Keep an eye on what your child eats to heck if they may be allergic to anything.
4922 people found this helpful

Diarrhea - Types, Causes,Symptoms And More!

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi
Diarrhea -  Types, Causes,Symptoms And More!

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a common health problem. It can begin from being a mild, temporary condition and develop into a potential life-threatening problem.

There are about 2 billion diarrhea cases recorded every year across the world, with approximately 1.9 million cases of death of children of age below 5 years, typically in developing countries.

Diarrhea means getting loose, watery stools three or more times in a day. Usually it lasts for a couple of days. Diarrhea can either be acute or chronic. When it lasts for more than a few days, it is acute diarrhea. This could be a sign of a bigger problem. Chronic diarrhea lasts for around four weeks – which may be a symptom of a serious disease. It usually results from an intestinal problem or disorder, like celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.

There are some people who pass stools very often, but that is not diarrhea as they are of normal consistency. Likewise, breastfed infants also pass loose, pale stools. This is also not diarrhea.

Types of Diarrhea:

- Microscopic colitis: This type of diarrhea majorly affects the elderly people, causing trouble most often during the night time. It can continue for a long time and may not go away completely in some cases.

- Mal-absorptive and Mal-digestive diarrhea: Sometimes, non-absorption of food nutrients can cause mal-absorptive diarrhea. While non-functioning of the digestive system leads to mal-digestive diarrhea, such as Celiac disease.

- Chronic infections: A persistent use of antibiotics or parasitic infection during travel can lead to chronic diarrhea.

- Drug-induced diarrhea: this type of diarrhea is induced by certain laxatives and other medications or antibiotics.

- Endocrine causes: hormonal factors also cause diarrhea, for instance, in the case of Addison disease and carcinoid tumors.

- Neoplastic diarrhea: this type of diarrhea is linked with different forms of gut cancers.

Causes of Diarrhea

Diarrhea may result from a variety of conditions or circumstances. Main causes of diarrhea are:

- a food allergy or intolerance, for example: lactose intolerance

- a medication reaction

- a viral infection

- a bacterial infection

- infection in the gastrointestinal tract 

- a parasitic infection

- gallbladder or stomach operation

Research studies by Mayo Clinic say that Rotavirus is a major factor that causes childhood diarrhea. Other bacterial infections caused by Salmonella or Escherichia coli, may also result in diarrhea.

Irritable bowel disorder or inflammatory bowel syndrome may also sometimes cause chronic diarrhea. If you are experiencing regular and severe diarrhea, it could mean you are suffering from a functional bowel disorder or an internal intestinal problem.

Symptoms of diarrhea

Diarrhea may have various signs or symptoms. You might get one of these or a combination of many symptoms. The symptoms occur depending on the underlying cause. Mostly, you may experience the following signs:

- motion sickness

- stomach pain

- cramps

- bloating

- dehydration

- a fever

- stools with blood stains

- regular urges to clear your bowels

- stools in a big volume

Consult your physician if you have symptoms like any of the above.

Dehydration and diarrhea

Diarrhea leads to loss of fluids in the body due to which there is a risk of dehydration. If treatment is not given on time, diarrhea can have other side effects and major dehydration. Dehydration occurs when you experience symptoms such as:

- extreme tiredness and fatigue

- dry mucous tissues

- pulsating heart rate

- headache

- nausea

- dry throat and amplified thirst 

- lesser frequencies of urine

- mouth dryness

Consult your doctor immediately if your symptoms do not go away and your diarrhea is causing increased dehydration.

Who gets diarrhea?

Diarrhea can occur to people of all ages.

People travelling to developing countries have the risk of getting traveler's diarrhea. This condition occurs due to consumption of contaminated food or water.

Diarrhea in babies and young children

Diarrhea may be a small problem for an adult but when it affects at a very young age, for example an infant, it causes severe dehydration and may be fatal. 

Immediately visit your pediatrician or take emergency help when you notice the following symptoms in your child:

- no urination or very less urination

- dry mouth

- irritability

- weakness

- no tears while crying

- sunken eyes

- dry skin

- sunken fontanel

- sleepiness

- irritability

Seek instant help if any of the following symptoms are observed in your child:

- Diarrhea lasts for more than 24 hours.

- Your child has fever of 102°F or higher.

- The child passes stools that contain traces of blood or pus.

- Stools are black and sticky.

Diagnosis of diarrhea

A doctor will conduct a physical examination and study your medical history while investigating the cause of your diarrhea. A laboratory test may also be done to scan urine and blood samples.

There are other tests that your doctor may conduct to diagnose the cause of diarrhea and its side effects:

- Fasting tests to check if there is any food intolerance or insensitivity that is causing diarrhea.

- A culture test of stool to check for possible infections of bacteria, parasites, or other viral infections.

- Imaging tests to check for intestinal inflammation or other structural disorders.

- a colonoscopy to examine the colon for symptoms of intestinal disease

- a sigmoidoscopy to examine the rectum and lower part of colon for symptoms of intestinal infection

Treatment for diarrhea

Since diarrhea leads to loss of fluids in the body, the treatment for diarrhea is done by inducing a lot of fluids in the body. It can be done through drinking plenty of water or electrolyte replacement beverages, juices, health and energy drinks, etc. In chronic cases of diarrhea, fluids may be induced by intravenous therapy. If your doctor finds a bacterial infection, you might be asked to take antibiotics for some time.

Your doctor will start your treatment depending on:

- how sever your diarrhea is and whether there are any related conditions

- the frequency of the diarrhea

- how dehydrated you are

- your normal health

- your past medical history

- your current age

- your tolerance towards various medical procedures or drugs

- chances of improvement of your health condition

Prevention of Diarrhea

Though the exact cause of diarrhea may vary among different people, there are measures that you can take to avoid it:

- Diarrhea from food contamination can be prevented by cleaning the kitchen and food preparation areas regularly and keeping proper hygiene.

- Taking food immediately after cooking instead of taking food stored for too long.

- Leftovers should be properly refrigerated.

- Frozen food should be defrosted in a refrigerator.

How to prevent traveler’s diarrhea?

Follow the below steps while traveling, especially to a developing nation:

- You may want to ask your doctor if you can begin an antibiotic treatment before you leave. This will greatly reduce your risk of developing traveler’s diarrhea.

- Avoid tap water, ice cubes, and fresh produce that have probably been washed with tap water while you’re on vacation.

- Drink bottled water only while on vacation.

- Eat cooked food only while on vacation.

Risk factors:

- Age factor: Diarrhea in children of age three years or less can be risky, as they are more prone to dehydration. Infants are at a greater risk. Even older people are at risk of getting dehydrated through diarrhea.

- Environmental factors: Poor hygiene and unclean environment can spread the disease fast 

Medications: heavy use of antibiotics and drugs and aggravate the condition of the disease

- Co morbidities: People with Diabetes, kidney abnormalities, and intussusceptions are also at greater risk of being dehydrated due to occurrence of Diarrhea.

Myths:

1.    “BRAT Formula (banana, rice, apple sauce and tea) can alone cure Diarrhea”

Fact: This diet does work in calming the stomach and producing a relaxing effect due to light food components. However, the body needs all the essential nutrients like minerals and vitamins to restore its original health. So, after using BRAT formula the 1st day, you should start adding wholesome ingredients like fat and protein to get back to your original health.

2. "Diarrhea is just one of the many symptoms of the common Influenza ":

Fact: Influenza rarely cause diarrhea; its major symptoms are fever and pain. It is a respiratory disease affecting the lungs. Diarrhea may be caused by the stomach flu, not the common flu.

3. "We should totally avoid whole fat in our food to get rid of Diarrhea":

Fact: Fat is hard to digest and can be a lot of load to the stomach, but that does not mean you should completely remove it from your diet.

Fat is an important ingredient of your diet and also helps in easing the symptoms of diarrhea. All you need to take care of is to take it in appropriate amounts.

4.    "Teething leads to diarrhea in toddlers":

The truth: Diarrhea is caused due to impurities and contamination in the surroundings. A child in the teething phase generally takes every object in his mouth to soothe his teething procedure. In this process, he /she gets many impurities transferred as the objects may be dirty and unhygienic; this could lead to a stomach infection and diarrhea. So, always consult a doctor if your teething child is experiencing diarrhea.

6. "Avoid fluids because it will make your diarrhea worse":

Fact: This is the biggest mistake that people do their body and health and it can be fatal. If you are suffering from diarrhea, you are already losing a lot of fluids from your body which makes you dehydrated. Water has important minerals and vitamins that the body needs to function properly. So, it is even more important to consume increasing amounts of water and other fluids to regain the lost nutrients and keep your body hydrated.

7. "Drink caffeinated drinks and beverages during the period of diarrhea":

Fact: People think taking caffeinated drinks will relax their stomach for a while and curb their need to visiting the toilet frequently. This is completely false. In fact, beverages like tea and coffee and other foods having caffeine content are diuretic and can further worsen your digestive health and aggravate your diarrhea occurrences.

FAQS:

1. How will I know if my symptoms are of Diarrhea? 

Diarrhoea is a disorder related to the abnormal functioning of intestines, which causes excess fecal evacuations, due to increased motility in the colon. It could be due to underlying dysenteric disorders, GI tumors, inflammatory bowel syndrome, and lactose intolerance. In plain words, when you experience excess passage of watery stools that lasts for more than a day, it could be diarrhea. This may lead to your body getting dehydrated   because frequent watery stools flush out important body salts and fluids and make you weak.

2. Is diarrhea dangerous?

Yes! If not treated on time, it could lead to your body getting very dehydrated due to loss of fluids and body salts which are important to balance the body and keep it functioning normally. Dehydration can be severe and sometimes fatal.

3. What is dehydration? 

When you lose excess water and body salts due to diarrhea, it is called dehydration. Water is very important to maintain the body balance and keep it functioning normally. If water content in body gets too low, it makes you weak and unable to perform normal routine as your body also loses electrolytes along with other fluids. These are essential salts that provide minerals and vitamins to the body and keep it running. Dehydration can be caused through:

- excess urination

- vomiting 

- diarrhea

- sweating

4. What cause dehydration? 

Diarrhea followed by vomiting and loos of body fluids can cause dehydration.

You may also become dehydrated if you drink less water and have bad eating habits.

Certain medications that are diuretic also lead to loss of fluid in the body. The following people are more at risk of being dehydrated:

- Infants

- the elderly people

- People suffering from fever or any other illness

- People living in hot weather

5. How can I prevent diarrhea?

Maintaining proper hygiene and cleanliness at your home and in your surroundings will prevent you from getting the disease. Wash your hands before eating and keep your kitchen and food area clean. Store food items in clean places and never leave your food uncovered.

Drink clean purified water, and avoid street foods that may be contaminated.

Diarrhea

Dt. Pramila B 88% (2004 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
To avoid diarrhea, drink more fluids. Drink ors regularly. Eat banana to replace potassium and sodium. Eat soluble fiber foods like orange, mango, oats, etc. Avoid fried foods. Avoid alcohol. Decrease the intake of dairy products. Consult the doctor if the diarrhea is severe because it leads to lactose intolerance. Also, if there is blood in the diarrhea consult the doctor.

Diarrhea - 5 Ways It Can Be Treated Effectively!

Dr. Rajeev Kumar Bansal 89% (21 ratings)
DNB(Gastroenterology), Gujarat University
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Diarrhea - 5 Ways It Can Be Treated Effectively!

Diarrhea is not usually a serious condition but can be very uncomfortable and embarrassing. This can be caused by a number of factors including bacterial or viral infections, food poisoning, contaminated water etc. Thankfully, it is easy to treat and does not require medication unless it is very severe. Let us take a look some of the most effective ways to treat diarrhoea:

  1. Drink Plenty of Water: Keeping your body hydrated when dealing with diarrhoea is very important. This is because your body loses a lot of water while passing stool. To hydrate your body, drink lots of water. You could also add oral rehydration salts to the water. Avoid drinking sodas, packaged juices and caffeinated drinks such as coffee as they can further dehydrate the body.
  2. Probiotics: To function optimally, your digestion system requires good bacteria. Diarrhea is usually a sign that the bad bacteria levels have overtaken the good bacteria levels. Thus, you need to balance this equation. Probiotics are a source of good bacteria and are available in powder or pill form. It is also available naturally in foods like yoghurt, pickles and kimchi.
  3. Eat the Right Food: When suffering from an upset stomach, eat food that is easy to digest. Food items such as bananas, rice, apples and dry toast are easy to digest and can help bulk up your stool. This is also known as the BRAT diet. You could also include a simple chicken soup, baked skinless chicken and oatmeal in your diet.
  4. Drink a Little Tea: Tannins in black tea are good for the digestive system. They help calm inflammation in the intestines and help the body absorb fluids. Raspberry and blackberry leaf tea are ideal for diarrhoea. You could also try sipping caraway tea. Other teas such as chamomile tea help reduce spasms and calm the stomach. When looking for such teas, ensure that they are made from the leaf and not powdered. Also, do not drink any form of caffeinated tea.
  5. Avoid Spicy Foods: Do not eat anything that is spicy or fried when you have an upset stomach. Also, avoid eating foods rich in fibre as they can make you feel bloated. Alcohol and milk are best left aside until your stomach has healed. Other foods you should avoid include chewing gums with artificial sweeteners, berries, beans, peas, prunes, peppers and ice cream.

If your diarrhoea does not improve, consult a doctor. If it lasts for more than 2 weeks, it could be a symptom of another underlying condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2233 people found this helpful

Diarrhea in Children

Dr. Ramakanth Reddy 94% (155 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Diarrhea in Children

What is diarrhea?

Diarrhea is when stools (bowel movements) are loose and watery. Your child may also need to go to the bathroom more often.

Diarrhea is a common problem. It may last 1 or 2 days and go away on its own. If diarrhea lasts more than 2 days, your child may have a more serious problem.

Diarrhea may be either:

  • Short-term (acute). Diarrhea that lasts 1 or 2 days and goes away. This may be caused by food or water that was contaminated by bacteria (bacterial infection). Or it may happen if your child gets sick from a virus.

  • Long-term (chronic). Diarrhea that lasts for a few weeks. This may be caused by another health problem such as irritable bowel syndrome. It can also be caused by an intestinal disease. This includes ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, or celiac disease. Giardia may also cause chronic diarrhea.

What causes diarrhea?

Diarrhea may be caused by many things, including:

  • Bacterial infection

  • Viral infection

  • Trouble digesting certain things (food intolerance)

  • An immune system response to certain foods (food allergy)

  • Parasites that enter the body through food or water

  • Reaction to medicines

  • An intestinal disease, such as inflammatory bowel disease

  • A problem with how the stomach and bowels work (functional bowel disorder), such as irritable bowel syndrome

  • Surgery on the stomach or gallbladder

Children who visit some foreign countries are at risk for traveler's diarrhea. This is caused by having food or water that is not safe because of bacteria, viruses, or parasites.

Severe diarrhea may mean a child has a serious disease. Talk with your child's healthcare provider if symptoms don’t go away. Also talk with the provider if symptoms stop your child from doing daily activities. It may be hard to find out what is causing your child’s diarrhea.Imbalances of salt and water in the body can lead to problems ranging from cystic fibrosis to diarrhea to kidney failure. Dr. Guggino and his team study the channels that move salt and water– and what goes wrong with them in disease.

 

What are the symptoms of diarrhea?

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. They can include:

The symptoms of diarrhea may look like other health problems. Severe diarrhea may be a sign of a serious disease. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is diarrhea diagnosed?

The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may have lab tests to check blood and urine.

Other tests may include:

  • A stool culture to check for abnormal bacteria or parasites in your child’s digestive tract. A small stool sample is taken and sent to a lab.

  • A stool evaluation to check the stool for blood or fat

  • Blood tests to rule out certain diseases

  • Imaging tests to rule out structural problems

  • Tests to check for food intolerance or allergies

  • A sigmoidoscopy. This test lets the healthcare provider check the inside of part of your child’s large intestine. It helps to tell what is causing diarrhea, stomach pain, constipation, abnormal growths, and bleeding. It uses a short, flexible, lighted tube (sigmoidoscope). The tube is put into your child’s intestine through the rectum. This tube blows air into the intestine to make it swell. This makes it easier to see inside.

How is diarrhea treated?

Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.

Dehydration is the major concern with diarrhea. In most cases, treatment includes replacing lost fluids. Antibiotics may be prescribed when bacterial infections are the cause.

Children should drink lots of fluids. This helps replace the lost body fluids. If your child is dehydrated, be sure to:

  • Offer drinks called glucose-electrolyte solutions. These fluids have the right balance of water, sugar, and salts. Some are available as popsicles.

  • Avoid juice or soda. They may make diarrhea worse.

  • Not give plain water to your baby

  • Not give too much plain water to kids of any age. It can be dangerous.

  • Keep breastfeeding your baby. Breastfed babies often have less diarrhea.

  • Keep feeding your baby formula, if you were already doing so

What are the complications of diarrhea?

The greatest complication of diarrhea is dehydration. This is more likely with young children and those with a weakened immune system. Dehydration can be mild, moderate, or severe. Mild dehydration is the loss of fluid. Moderate or severe dehydration puts stress on the heart and lungs. In the worst cases it can lead to shock, which is life-threatening.

What can I do to prevent diarrhea?

Proper handwashing can reduce the spread of bacteria that may cause diarrhea.

A rotavirus vaccine can prevent diarrhea caused by rotaviruses. Ask your child's healthcare provider which vaccines are right for your child.

When you travel, make sure anything your child eats and drinks is safe. This is even more important if you travel to developing countries.

Travel safety tips for drinking and eating include:

  • Not drinking tap water or using it to brush teeth

  • Not using ice made from tap water

  • Not drinking unpasteurized milk (milk that has not gone through a process to kill certain bacteria)

  • Not eating raw fruits and vegetables unless you wash and peel them yourself

  • Not eating raw or undercooked meat or fish

  • Not eating food from street vendors or food trucks

Talk with your child's healthcare provider before traveling.

When should I call my child's healthcare provider?

Call your child's provider if your child is less than 6 months old or has any of the following symptoms:

  • Belly pain

  • Blood in the stool

  • Frequent vomiting

  • Doesn’t want to drink liquids

  • High fever

  • Dry, sticky mouth

  • Weight loss

  • Urinates less frequently (wets fewer than 6 diapers per day)

  • Frequent diarrhea

  • Extreme thirst

  • No tears when crying

  • Sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on baby’s head

Key points about diarrhea

  • Diarrhea is loose, watery stool. Your child may also have to go to the bathroom more often.

  • It may be caused by many things, including bacterial infection or viral infection.

  • Dehydration is the major concern with diarrhea.

  • In most cases, treatment involves replacing lost fluids.

  • The rotavirus vaccine can prevent diarrhea caused by that virus.

  • Proper handwashing can help prevent diarrhea.

  • When you travel, make sure anything your child eats and drinks is safe.

4 people found this helpful

Diabetic Diarrhoea

Dr. Bhupindera Jaswant 88% (4570 ratings)
MD - Consultant Physician, Doctor of Medicine, MD
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Diabetic Diarrhoea

Things to eat and avoid: 

  • Whole grains
  • High fibre
  • Avoid fried 
  • Avoid fried Junk food 
  • Reduce stress by meditation yoga kapal bharati 
  • Lady or enough tablet 1 twice a day for 3 days.
  • Add foxy 1 od/tetracycline good in diabetic diarrhoea
  • Apple
  • Custard
  • Jelly
  • Curds
  • Khichri moong dal
  • Bel fruit
  • Electrolyte water make at home without glucose
  • Add a pinch of guru it's very good.
  • Ajwain to chew for colic
     
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