Colon polyps are usually symptomless; hence it becomes difficult to diagnose the condition. They are commonly found as additional results of screening tests for colon cancers. Screening tests are conducted when there is a suspicion of a disease but it displays no significant symptoms. The symptoms can only be visible if the polyps are enlarged. Typical symptoms include:
Changes in urination patterns.
Change in appearance of stool.
As the presence of most polyps becomes evident only during colon cancer tests, it is recommended that regular tests for colon cancer be conducted for adults over the age of 50. Some of these tests include:
Colonoscopy: This is highly recommended for detecting colon polyps. A small tube used for viewing is inserted into the colon by the doctor.
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: It is similar to colonoscopy with the only difference being that the tube is smaller.
Computed Tomographic Colonography (CTC): Also known as virtual colonoscopy, various computer systems and X-rays are used to create a detailed picture of the colon so that the doctor can search for polyps.
The size of the colon polyps helps to identify if the polyp is cancerous or not. Chances of the polyp being cancerous are high if the size of the polyp is higher than 1 cm or 0.4 inches. Hyperplastic polyps (smaller polyps) do not become cancerous and hence, do not need to undergo a colonoscopy. Another form of polyp is the sessile polyp which is usually a flat growth without a stalk and grows on the inner wall of the colon. Similar to other polyps, these polyps can be found and removed using a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy.
Jamun is one of the most beneficial fruit for human health. It is also known by the name of black plum and is a summer fruit which is popular in every household. It belongs to the Myrtaceae family. The ancient system of medicine, Ayurveda, celebrates the fruit of Jamun for the several benefits it offers, and a few are mentioned below:
With loads of health benefits, Jamun is considered to be one of the effective ingredients in many of the Ayurvedic medicines. Hence, consider consuming Jamuns every day to improve your health.
One of the worst floods ever in Kerala has brought a deluge of Leptospirosis.
The Director of the Health Department issued an alert that there is a sudden increase of Leptospirosis cases from Thrissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode, Malappuram and Kannur districts.
According to the report, 28 cases of Leptospirosis were reported in Kozhikode. Further , DMO reported that there were 64 people who were suspected of suffering from this disease.
What is Leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis is commonly known as “Rat Fever.” It is an infection caused by a bacteria called 'Leptospira interrogans' . The infection is transmitted through the urine of rodents, dogs, and farm animals.
Leptospirosis is the kind of Flu that lasts for one or two weeks but revives again once it is cured.
If left untreated, it can also lead to some more serious problems, like chest pain, swollen legs, and arms. In most cases, doctors recommend hospitalization.
Causes of Leptospirosis:
Blood, urine, or tissue transmitted from cattle, pigs, dogs, or animals that carry the bacteria.
Direct or indirect contact with water that is contaminated with bacteria.
Direct or indirect contact with soil that has bacteria.
Common symptoms associated with Leptospirosis are as below :
How to Prevent Leptospirosis?
Some of the helpful ways to prevent Leptospirosis are:
1. Avoid Contact with Contaminated Water and Soil
Since Leptospirosis is caused by contaminated water or soil, one should avoid drinking contaminated water. Try to limit the contact with contaminated soil as well. Wearing full clothes and drinking filtered water is beneficial.
2. Use Disinfectants
Disinfectants like Lysol, Bleach, Iodine, and Acid Solutions will help to kill the bacteria that cause Leptospirosis. Using these regularly may lower the rate of Leptospirosis.
3. Maintain Hygiene
Maintaining hygiene is one of the best ways to inhibit the bacteria. Washing hands with disinfectants while eating or drinking will help a lot, especially in this worse situation of Kerala.
4. Do Not Eat or Drink While Handling Animals.
One must ensure that they do not eat, drink, or smoke anything while handling the animals, as it increases the chances of bacteria to enter the body.
5. Treat Wounds Immediately
As bacteria can even be transmitted in the bloodstream, it is necessary to treat wounds and injuries immediately. Also, it should be ensured that open wounds do not come in contact with contaminated water or soil, as they will provide a direct pathway for the bacteria.
Since it is difficult to eliminate Leptospirosis in this deteriorating situation of Kerala, these preventive measures may help to inhibit the bacteria. However, consulting a doctor or immediate treatment will always be a great idea to cure the disease.
Diarrhea is not usually a serious condition but can be very uncomfortable and embarrassing. This can be caused by a number of factors including bacterial or viral infections, food poisoning, contaminated water etc. Thankfully, it is easy to treat and does not require medication unless it is very severe. Let us take a look some of the most effective ways to treat diarrhoea:
If your diarrhoea does not improve, consult a doctor. If it lasts for more than 2 weeks, it could be a symptom of another underlying condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Diarrhea is a common health problem. It can begin from being a mild, temporary condition and develop into a potential life-threatening problem.
There are about 2 billion diarrhea cases recorded every year across the world, with approximately 1.9 million cases of death of children of age below 5 years, typically in developing countries.
Diarrhea means getting loose, watery stools three or more times in a day. Usually it lasts for a couple of days. Diarrhea can either be acute or chronic. When it lasts for more than a few days, it is acute diarrhea. This could be a sign of a bigger problem. Chronic diarrhea lasts for around four weeks – which may be a symptom of a serious disease. It usually results from an intestinal problem or disorder, like celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.
There are some people who pass stools very often, but that is not diarrhea as they are of normal consistency. Likewise, breastfed infants also pass loose, pale stools. This is also not diarrhea.
Types of Diarrhea:
- Microscopic colitis: This type of diarrhea majorly affects the elderly people, causing trouble most often during the night time. It can continue for a long time and may not go away completely in some cases.
- Mal-absorptive and Mal-digestive diarrhea: Sometimes, non-absorption of food nutrients can cause mal-absorptive diarrhea. While non-functioning of the digestive system leads to mal-digestive diarrhea, such as Celiac disease.
- Drug-induced diarrhea: this type of diarrhea is induced by certain laxatives and other medications or antibiotics.
- Neoplastic diarrhea: this type of diarrhea is linked with different forms of gut cancers.
Causes of Diarrhea
Diarrhea may result from a variety of conditions or circumstances. Main causes of diarrhea are:
- a medication reaction
- a viral infection
- a bacterial infection
- infection in the gastrointestinal tract
- a parasitic infection
- gallbladder or stomach operation
Irritable bowel disorder or inflammatory bowel syndrome may also sometimes cause chronic diarrhea. If you are experiencing regular and severe diarrhea, it could mean you are suffering from a functional bowel disorder or an internal intestinal problem.
Symptoms of diarrhea
Diarrhea may have various signs or symptoms. You might get one of these or a combination of many symptoms. The symptoms occur depending on the underlying cause. Mostly, you may experience the following signs:
- a fever
- stools with blood stains
- regular urges to clear your bowels
- stools in a big volume
Consult your physician if you have symptoms like any of the above.
Dehydration and diarrhea
Diarrhea leads to loss of fluids in the body due to which there is a risk of dehydration. If treatment is not given on time, diarrhea can have other side effects and major dehydration. Dehydration occurs when you experience symptoms such as:
- extreme tiredness and fatigue
- dry mucous tissues
- pulsating heart rate
- dry throat and amplified thirst
- lesser frequencies of urine
- mouth dryness
Consult your doctor immediately if your symptoms do not go away and your diarrhea is causing increased dehydration.
Who gets diarrhea?
Diarrhea can occur to people of all ages.
People travelling to developing countries have the risk of getting traveler's diarrhea. This condition occurs due to consumption of contaminated food or water.
Diarrhea in babies and young children
Diarrhea may be a small problem for an adult but when it affects at a very young age, for example an infant, it causes severe dehydration and may be fatal.
Immediately visit your pediatrician or take emergency help when you notice the following symptoms in your child:
- no urination or very less urination
- no tears while crying
- sunken eyes
- dry skin
- sunken fontanel
Seek instant help if any of the following symptoms are observed in your child:
- Diarrhea lasts for more than 24 hours.
- Your child has fever of 102°F or higher.
- The child passes stools that contain traces of blood or pus.
- Stools are black and sticky.
Diagnosis of diarrhea
A doctor will conduct a physical examination and study your medical history while investigating the cause of your diarrhea. A laboratory test may also be done to scan urine and blood samples.
There are other tests that your doctor may conduct to diagnose the cause of diarrhea and its side effects:
- Fasting tests to check if there is any food intolerance or insensitivity that is causing diarrhea.
- A culture test of stool to check for possible infections of bacteria, parasites, or other viral infections.
- Imaging tests to check for intestinal inflammation or other structural disorders.
- a colonoscopy to examine the colon for symptoms of intestinal disease
- a sigmoidoscopy to examine the rectum and lower part of colon for symptoms of intestinal infection
Treatment for diarrhea
Since diarrhea leads to loss of fluids in the body, the treatment for diarrhea is done by inducing a lot of fluids in the body. It can be done through drinking plenty of water or electrolyte replacement beverages, juices, health and energy drinks, etc. In chronic cases of diarrhea, fluids may be induced by intravenous therapy. If your doctor finds a bacterial infection, you might be asked to take antibiotics for some time.
Your doctor will start your treatment depending on:
- how sever your diarrhea is and whether there are any related conditions
- the frequency of the diarrhea
- how dehydrated you are
- your normal health
- your past medical history
- your current age
- your tolerance towards various medical procedures or drugs
- chances of improvement of your health condition
Prevention of Diarrhea
Though the exact cause of diarrhea may vary among different people, there are measures that you can take to avoid it:
- Diarrhea from food contamination can be prevented by cleaning the kitchen and food preparation areas regularly and keeping proper hygiene.
- Taking food immediately after cooking instead of taking food stored for too long.
- Leftovers should be properly refrigerated.
- Frozen food should be defrosted in a refrigerator.
How to prevent traveler’s diarrhea?
Follow the below steps while traveling, especially to a developing nation:
- You may want to ask your doctor if you can begin an antibiotic treatment before you leave. This will greatly reduce your risk of developing traveler’s diarrhea.
- Avoid tap water, ice cubes, and fresh produce that have probably been washed with tap water while you’re on vacation.
- Drink bottled water only while on vacation.
- Eat cooked food only while on vacation.
- Age factor: Diarrhea in children of age three years or less can be risky, as they are more prone to dehydration. Infants are at a greater risk. Even older people are at risk of getting dehydrated through diarrhea.
- Environmental factors: Poor hygiene and unclean environment can spread the disease fast
Medications: heavy use of antibiotics and drugs and aggravate the condition of the disease
- Co morbidities: People with Diabetes, kidney abnormalities, and intussusceptions are also at greater risk of being dehydrated due to occurrence of Diarrhea.
Fact: This diet does work in calming the stomach and producing a relaxing effect due to light food components. However, the body needs all the essential nutrients like minerals and vitamins to restore its original health. So, after using BRAT formula the 1st day, you should start adding wholesome ingredients like fat and protein to get back to your original health.
2. "Diarrhea is just one of the many symptoms of the common Influenza ":
3. "We should totally avoid whole fat in our food to get rid of Diarrhea":
Fact: Fat is hard to digest and can be a lot of load to the stomach, but that does not mean you should completely remove it from your diet.
Fat is an important ingredient of your diet and also helps in easing the symptoms of diarrhea. All you need to take care of is to take it in appropriate amounts.
4. "Teething leads to diarrhea in toddlers":
The truth: Diarrhea is caused due to impurities and contamination in the surroundings. A child in the teething phase generally takes every object in his mouth to soothe his teething procedure. In this process, he /she gets many impurities transferred as the objects may be dirty and unhygienic; this could lead to a stomach infection and diarrhea. So, always consult a doctor if your teething child is experiencing diarrhea.
6. "Avoid fluids because it will make your diarrhea worse":
Fact: This is the biggest mistake that people do their body and health and it can be fatal. If you are suffering from diarrhea, you are already losing a lot of fluids from your body which makes you dehydrated. Water has important minerals and vitamins that the body needs to function properly. So, it is even more important to consume increasing amounts of water and other fluids to regain the lost nutrients and keep your body hydrated.
7. "Drink caffeinated drinks and beverages during the period of diarrhea":
Fact: People think taking caffeinated drinks will relax their stomach for a while and curb their need to visiting the toilet frequently. This is completely false. In fact, beverages like tea and coffee and other foods having caffeine content are diuretic and can further worsen your digestive health and aggravate your diarrhea occurrences.
1. How will I know if my symptoms are of Diarrhea?
Diarrhoea is a disorder related to the abnormal functioning of intestines, which causes excess fecal evacuations, due to increased motility in the colon. It could be due to underlying dysenteric disorders, GI tumors, inflammatory bowel syndrome, and lactose intolerance. In plain words, when you experience excess passage of watery stools that lasts for more than a day, it could be diarrhea. This may lead to your body getting dehydrated because frequent watery stools flush out important body salts and fluids and make you weak.
2. Is diarrhea dangerous?
Yes! If not treated on time, it could lead to your body getting very dehydrated due to loss of fluids and body salts which are important to balance the body and keep it functioning normally. Dehydration can be severe and sometimes fatal.
3. What is dehydration?
When you lose excess water and body salts due to diarrhea, it is called dehydration. Water is very important to maintain the body balance and keep it functioning normally. If water content in body gets too low, it makes you weak and unable to perform normal routine as your body also loses electrolytes along with other fluids. These are essential salts that provide minerals and vitamins to the body and keep it running. Dehydration can be caused through:
- excess urination
4. What cause dehydration?
Diarrhea followed by vomiting and loos of body fluids can cause dehydration.
You may also become dehydrated if you drink less water and have bad eating habits.
Certain medications that are diuretic also lead to loss of fluid in the body. The following people are more at risk of being dehydrated:
- the elderly people
- People suffering from fever or any other illness
- People living in hot weather
5. How can I prevent diarrhea?
Maintaining proper hygiene and cleanliness at your home and in your surroundings will prevent you from getting the disease. Wash your hands before eating and keep your kitchen and food area clean. Store food items in clean places and never leave your food uncovered.
Drink clean purified water, and avoid street foods that may be contaminated.
Colostomies often get used in situations of Imperforate Anus along with other conditions where a paediatrician finds a defect in the colon or in the large intestine.
Selection of Pouch
Pouch systems are available in many styles as well as sizes. They include:
Changing the Pouch - Procedure
The frequency, with which the change of pouch takes place, depends upon a number of things. A pouch must be changed after it has been there for a number of days.
The good time to get a pouch changed is before a meal or a number of hours after eating, where there is less of stoma draining.
The procedure involves:
It's somewhat cold, rainy atmosphere everywhere in india.Some precautions can help to overcome problem s like cold, cough, loose motions.Drink boil water. Boil the water in morning and cool it,use it for whole of day.Wear warm clothes. Avoid junk, fast foods. Eat warm food. Avoid cold drinks, etc.It's rightly said in ayurveda, precaution is better than cure.
Monsoon gives happiness to everyone after months of scorching heat. It also brings many diseases because of sudden change of temperature, contamination of food and water due to breeding bacteria, insects etc
General care to be taken during monsoon
• avoid taking outside food
• have filtered water and fresh food
• avoid collected water in parks, streets etc
• dry your feet properly if get wet
• avoid overcrowded areas
• keep surroundings clean and dry to avoid breeding of mosquitoes, bacteria etc
• use mosquito repellents
• special care to be taken by those who suffer from allergies, old people and children
Monsoons can be enjoyed in a healthier way by taking the above precautions.Do not ignore symptoms like fever, cold, cough, diarrhoea etc.
How many people adults or children do we see in day to day life who tend to fall ill at every change of temperature?
Sensitivity to change in atmospheric conditions has become a very common phenomenon in todays world. Most people end up with viral infections such as cough, cold, fever etc at every change in season – be it summer to rainy, rainy to winter or winter to summer.Other common infections include stomach infections, diarrhoea, typhoid, jaundice, malaria, allergic rhinitis, breathing problems etc.This sensitivity basically comes from an altered or weakened immune system. A body which is not capable enough to handle natural external stimuli and ends up over reacting and throwing out symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, fever, bodyache, upset stomach, loss of appetite etc.
Most of the times attention is given to the symptoms and thus symptomatic relief is obtained. The actual cause of the symptoms is oftern overlooked .When the body throws out symptoms, it is asking for help so that it can fight for itself and not get affected by external stimuli.This is where homeopathy steps in....where the PATIENT is treated and not just his symptoms. Homeopathic medicines are prescribed afer a detailed case study covering every aspect of the patient’s personality and thus they help in giving relief to existing symptoms and in the long run the medicines make the body capable of fighting for itself.
Homeopathic medicines have practically no side effects and can be given to even infants, or the elderly . They can also be administered side by side along with regular medication and eventually we can reduce the patient’s depency on medicines.For more information or treatment for conditions such as allergic rhinitis, illness at every change of weather, bronchitis, skin allergies, weak digestion or lowered immune system please feel free to consult a doctor.
Contaminated food is one of the most common sources of infections in the human body and so the stomach is one of the most commonly affected organs. Whether it is eating raw food or unhygienically prepared foods, the stomach has very high chance of getting infected than other body parts.
One of the most common causes of stomach infection is the norovirus also called as cruise ship virus. Spread through vomitus and faecal material, it is quite contagious and can affect large amounts of people in confined areas like a cruise ship. The common symptoms would include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, bloated feeling, abdominal pain (generalised or localised), fatigue, and tiredness.
On the brighter side, there are well-proven measures listed below which are simple and easy to follow that can help avoid stomach infection.
Following the above measures can help avoid the stomach flu and stay healthy. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!