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Eye Care During Diabetes!

Dr. Minal Kaur 91% (351 ratings)
DNB Ophtalmology, MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, Fellowship in Medical Retina, Fellowship in IOL & Cataract Microsurgery
Ophthalmologist, Faridabad
Eye Care During Diabetes!

Diabetes is a condition characterized by an elevated level of the blood glucose due to the insufficient production of the Insulin by the Beta cells of the pancreas. The high blood glucose level can also be an outcome of the inability of the body cells to utilize or respond to the insulin produced - a condition termed as Insulin Resistance.

Today, Diabetes has become a raging problem affecting almost every second individual, irrespective of their age, sex or ethnicity. What is even worse is the fact that the metabolic disorder affects a host of the vital body organs including the eyes. In many diabetic patients (diabetes left unmanaged and uncontrolled for long), the high blood sugar or Hyperglycemia can give rise to many eye complications such as:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy (Hyperglycemia that triggers progressive damage of the blood vessels of the retina that can eventually even lead to blindness).
  • Incidences of Cataract (a condition that causes clouding of the clear eye lenses affecting one's vision) and Glaucoma (a severe eye problem that results from the damages to the optic nerve of the eye) are on a rise in diabetic patients.

Thus, it becomes essential to carry out the preventive measure to deal with diabetes-related eye problems and the associated complications.

Protecting the eyes from Diabetes

  1. Controlling Diabetes: Amongst different eye care or preventive measures, foremost is to make sure that diabetes and the blood glucose level are within control. A glucometer can help to monitor the blood glucose levels at home. Regular lab tests for Fasting and Post prandial(FBS, PP2BS) blood sugar tests should be done at a frequency advised by treating physician along with HbA1c. Eliminating the underlying factor can work wonders to avoid the various eye problems resulting from diabetes.
  2. Regular eye-checks: People with diabetes need to be careful. Consult your family physician or a specialist at the earliest for discomforts and symptoms such as a headache, watery eyes, blurred, distorted or double vision. Regular eye-checks and screening tests are equally important to safeguard the eyes from the harmful consequences of diabetes.
  3. Keep a check on other medical disorders: Conditions such as Hypercholesterolemia (elevated levels of blood cholesterol), high blood pressure, along with diabetes, are the worst nemesis that can result in a myriad of eye disorders. Make sure the blood pressure is within the control (to avoid complications, try to maintain a blood pressure below 140/80) and so is the level of bad cholesterol or LDL (Low-density lipoprotein).
  4. Keep your body moving: Exercises and physical activities (morning or evening walks, jogging) can play a pivotal role in keeping diabetes under control, thereby shielding the eyes from problems such as cataract, glaucoma. Keeping the body weight within the healthy and recommended range can also work towards managing the blood glucose level.
  5. Healthy dietary modifications: Diabetic patients should be careful with their choice of foods. Dark chocolates, lean meat, whole grains, fish, cinnamon, turmeric, fruits and vegetables such as broccoli, blueberries, spinach, walnuts, sweet potatoes, asparagus, apricots, apples, to name a few are healthy options for a diabetic patient.
  6. Smoking can spell doom for the eyes and is best avoided.
1 person found this helpful

Health Benefits Of Wheat Bran

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 94% (9049 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai

Health benefits of wheat bran

1. Bran is high in fiber

Bran is the number 1 food highest in fiber
 One tablespoon of bran provides up to 6% of the daily value of insoluble fiber. Dietary fiber, like that from bran, actually changes the way you digest food and absorb nutrients.

Fiber from bran also helps increase diversity of good bacteria in your digestive tract, helping you get the most of what you eat.

2. Bran can help alleviate constipation

Helping to keep your bowels moving is probably bran's most famous (or infamous) health benefit. It has been known since at least the early 1940s when bran was used to keep british navy officers regular.

Taking one teaspoon to two tablespoons of bran each day before a meal is the best way to fight off constipation, and has the added weight loss benefit of making you feel full. As a word of warning, bran is more effective when taken regularly, and a one-time dose of bran is less likely to be effective in treating constipation.

Note: be sure you increase your intake of liquids, like water, as your increase your fiber intake. This is because fiber like bran absorbs water and can aggrevate constipation if you do not also increase your liquid intake.

3. Bran can lower your risk of cancer

Studies show that bran can lower the risk of a variety of cancers, and particularly those of the colon and breast.

The anti-cancer benefits are theorized not only to be due to fiber in bran, but also other nutrients and phytochemicals such as such as phenolic acids, lignans and flavonoids.

4. Bran lowers your cholesterol

Studies have shown that intake of bran (particularly oat bran) can help lower your cholesterol.

The studies did adiminister quite a lot of oat bran, between 25g to 100g per day. The study which gave participants 25g (about 4 tablespoons) of oat bran saw 5-8% reductions in cholesterol.

The second study gave participants 100 grams (1 cup) of oat bran per day, and saw declines of up to 13% in cholesterol.

To attempt to get these benefits it would be best to start eating 2-4 tablespoons of bran a day and slowly add more to your diet.

Bran (particularly rice bran) is high in niacin, which further lowers risk of heart and cardiovascular disease.

5. Bran is a good source of protein with all the essential amino acids

If you were to eat the 1 cup of oat bran listed in the cholesterol-lowering study, you would get up to 16 grams of protein and all the essential amino acids. This makes bran a complete source of protein for vegans and vegetarians.

Bran's protein content is one of the main reasons why whole grains are a good source of protein.

6. Bran helps you feel full and eat less

This study shows that whole grains in addition to bran help to reduce weight gain, and can promote weight loss.

Consuming 1-2 tablespoons of fiber before each meal is a good way to improve digestion, help you feel full, and eat less. Fiber can be consumed with water, milk, or unsweetened soy milk.

Note: increase your liquid intake with your fiber intake.

A bowl of oatmeal

7. Bran is high in magnesium

Bran and whole grains are high in magnesium. Magnesium is an essential mineral required by the body for muscle and nerve function, maintaining a healthy immune system, regulating heart rhythm, and building strong bones.

Other help benefits of magnesium include reduced risk of heart disease, regulation of blood pressure, and alleviation of premenstrual syndrome (pms).

8. Bran can help prevent type ii diabetes

Studies show that bran and whole grain consumption can reduce risk of type ii diabetes by 20%.

This requires eating at least 2 servings of whole grains per day, and over a period of at least a year. The diabetes health benefits of bran found in whole grains can only be seen over the long-term.

9. Bran is rich in folate

Bran is a great source of folate (vitamin b9) which is required for numerous body functions including dna synthesis and repair, cell division, and cell growth.

Other benefits of folate include protection and repair of dna to reduce cancer risk and slow aging. Folate also lowers risk of alzheimer's. Bran consumed in whole grains like brown rice and whole wheat bread is a great way to boost your folate intake.

10. Bran is a great source of manganese

Bran and whole grains are a great source of manganese. Manganese is required by the body for proper enzyme functioning, nutrient absorption, wound healing, and bone development.

Health benefits of manganese include strengthening weak bones, anti-oxidant protection, alleviating premenstrual syndrome (pms).

Diabetes and Eye Problems

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 86% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
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How To Avoid The Risk Of Retinopathy?

I have Diabetes from last 10 years and I am also suffering from high blood pressure from last 7 years. I am also suffering from Knee problem since 2002. My Left knee is been operated by knee transplant.

Dr. Manoj Varma 89% (15 ratings)
General Physician,
I have Diabetes from last 10 years and I am also suffering from high blood pressure from last 7 years. I am also suff...
My first and only advice is lose weight. At least 10 kg. Almost all your problems will be solved. Walk 20 minutes a day and eat half of whatever you eat. Replace other half with soups and salads. NO OTHER TREATMENT.
1 person found this helpful
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Know More About Apples

Dt. Vaishnavi Satheesh 91% (580 ratings)
Masters in Human Nutrition and Nutraceuticals
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Madurai
Know More About Apples

It is rightly said that" an apple a day keeps the doctor away" apple, a power-packed nutrients rich fruit offer you wonderful benefits to each of your body organs. So here comes a summarized points on its nutrients.

  • Apples are rich source of fiber that make it a wonderful fruit tat aids in digestion. The fiber present, stimulates the peristaltic movements that paves way for efficient nutrient uptake.
  • Apples are packed with a good amount of phytonutrients like quercetin, polyphenolic components. Hence, consuming apple prevents from colon n breast cancer in particular.
  • It improve the intestinal health by stimulating the metabolism and balancing the bacteria. It helps in the elimination of toxins too.
  • Treats anemia and reduce weakness and also provides dental care.
  • The polyphenols present helps in treating diabetes by stimulating the release of insulin to reduce the blood sugar and stimulate the insulin receptors in the cell to absorb blood sugar.
  • The most remarking ability of the apple is to prevent from alzheimer and parkinson' disease. With its antioxidant property, apple increase the acetylcholine in brain and also stop the breakdown of dopamine.
  • The flavonoids present helps in preventing from heart disease by decreasing the level of cholesterol in blood and also in treating rheumatism.
4 people found this helpful

Diabulima - Should You Be Worried About It?

Dr. Harsh Shah 90% (10 ratings)
Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Diabulima - Should You Be Worried About It?

Diabulimia is an eating disorder often associated with Type-1 Diabetes. Also referred to as ED-DMT1, not many people are aware of this non-clinical term. It is a well known fact that many people with Type-1 diabetes require the daily administration of insulin. In the case of Diabulimia, a person having Type-1 diabetes purposely manipulates with the insulin dosage in an endeavour to lose weight. In some extreme cases, a person may completely avoid the use of insulin.

You need no rocket science to understand the impact diabulimia will have on a diabetic patient (Type-1) who is entirely dependent on insulin. Some of the lethal consequences of diabulimia include

  1. Yeast infections: Manipulating with the appropriate dosage of insulin can trigger an abnormal rise in the blood glucose level (Hyperglycemia), some of which gets eliminated out through the urine, thereby enabling a person to lose weight. However, the high glucose level is just the ideal and favorable condition for yeast growth. The hyperglycemic condition will result in increased yeast infections. The infection can be very uncomfortable and annoying. In fact, there will be repeated yeast infections until the blood glucose level comes down to the normal range.
  2. Ketoacidosis: As already mentioned, diabulimia devoids the body of insulin. As a result, glucose is unable to enter the body cells (glucose is an important fuel for the muscles and the other cells and tissues of the body). In its absence, the body starts looking for alternate sources. Gradually the body starts breaking down fats to get the desired energy. Increased breakdown of fats results in accumulation of ketone bodies in the bloodstream, a condition medically termed as Ketoacidosis or Diabetic Ketoacidosis. The condition if left untreated can be harmful triggering Cerebral Edema (a condition characterized by a swelling of the brain), Hypokalemia (low potassium level) or even Hypoglycemia.
  3. Diabetic retinopathy: Hyperglycemia can spell doom for your eyes. The accumulation and buildup of high levels of glucose in the eyes often damage the retinal blood vessels, a condition known as Diabetic Retinopathy. There may not be any early signs associated with the condition. However, diabetic retinopathy can give rise to many serious complications such as Glaucoma (characterized by severe damage to the optic nerve), Vitreous Hemorrhage (the blood leaks into the areas adjacent to the vitreous humor of the eye), or even Blindness. There may also be a Retinal Detachment.
  4. Renal failure: One of the common and harmful consequences of diabulimia is the kidney failure. Increased concentration of glucose in the kidneys often damages the filtration units of the kidneys called the Glomeruli (increased glucose blocks the capillaries of the kidney) leading to kidney damage and failure.
1 person found this helpful

I am 42 years old, my H1ABC 6.2, FBS 112, PPBS 170, Kindly advice me what should i do?

Dr. Mohammed Zaid 91% (17 ratings)
MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Chennai
I am 42 years old, my H1ABC 6.2, FBS 112, PPBS 170, Kindly advice me what should i do?
Hi Mr. lybrate-user, With your above results, looks like you have Pre-Diabetes (assuming that you previously were not diagnosed with diabetes and are not on any medications for diabetes). Hence, I'd suggest you to do diet control and regular exercise. Also, keep monitoring your sugars at least once in 6 months (preferably OGTT) Hope this helped.
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My father is suffering from diabetes. He is so hardworking not to sit at home in a single day. His diet time not fixed. A recent report is 228. please tell me is it safe phase or not nd give me some suggestions about diet.

Dr. Rakesh Kakkar 92% (3529 ratings)
Endocrinologist, Jammu
My father is suffering from diabetes. He is so hardworking not to sit at home in a single day. His diet time not fixe...
228 is too high , Avoid sugar,junk food,fried food and fruit juices.Exercise regularly and take medicene after consulting doctor.
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I am patient of type 2 diabetes since 2 years tried to lose wt join jim but while doing cardio my blood pressure start rising I have stopped going to jim since six months my BP is under control but blood sugar level which were controlled during jim are now 170 to 230 PP AND FASTING IS 14O WHAT TO DO PLEASE ADVICE.

Dt. Kavita Agarwal 92% (890 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, Diploma in Food & Nutrition & Diabetic Educator , B.Sc. - Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I am patient of type 2 diabetes since 2 years tried to lose wt join jim but while doing cardio my blood pressure star...
hello sir , take flax seeds early morning empty stomach . take high fiber diet. do walk daily. avoid rice , sugar, maida products, fried food,oily food, junk food egg yolk, mango, banana, glucose , potatoes, pumpkin , extra salt, extra milk. don't skip your meals and breakfast.have small and frequent meals. take hot water with aloe vera juice. take plenty of water.take green tea without sugar. include salad with meals.
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