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Dermabrasion Tips

Melasma - All About It!

Dr. Jagatjit Singh 85% (256 ratings)
MBBS, DHMS-Harvard, Masters in Clinical Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
Melasma - All About It!

A common skin condition, which causes the discoloration of your skin in patches across the face, melasma is more of a social embarrassment and cause for distress rather than being a serious condition. Although it affects men as well, studies have shown that over 90 percent of patients are women. It is also known as the mask of pregnancy as many pregnant women develop this skin condition.

Causes of Melasma

Primary causes of melasma have been attributed to various hormonal changes within the body. Let's look at some of the factors that may cause this disorder:

  1. Pregnancy: This is often attributed as the leading cause of melasma, the primary cause has often been attributed to hormonal changes that a woman may experience due to pregnancy.
  2. Treatments that may change hormonal balance: Women on contraceptive pills or who have implants such as intrauterine devices may also develop this disorder. This is due to the balance of estrogen and progesterone being changed within the body.
  3. Sun exposure: Continued sun exposure may also lead to melasma. This is due to the activation of melanocytes within the body which starts producing more melanin.
  4. Stress: Long periods of stress on the body can also trigger hormonal changes and cause melasma.
  5. Thyroid problems: If someone suffers from Hypothyroidism or low levels of the thyroid hormone, it can trigger other hormonal changes and also cause this skin disorder. 

It has also been noticed that people with generally a darker skin tone tend to get melasma and it is less common in people with fairer skin.

Certain characteristics of Melasma

Melasma develops in certain patterns which can be easily diagnosed either as spots on the skin similar to freckles or brown patches of skin that grow bigger. Some of these patterns are:

  1. Malar pattern: This grows on the nose and cheeks
  2. Mandibular pattern: Starts growing around the jawline
  3. Brachial melasma: This grows on the upper arms and shoulders
  4. Lateral cheek pattern: Grows on the cheek on both sides of the face
  5. Centrofacial pattern: Nose, upper lips, forehead, and cheeks

Treatment of Melasma

Most women who develop melasma during pregnancy report that it goes away after childbirth. However certain forms of melasma may appear in non-pregnant women due to hormonal changes. Treating the underlying hormonal changes usually, resolves the problem. However certain other methods may be required to resolve the issues such as skin creams, chemical peels, dermabrasion, and microdermabrasion.

1 person found this helpful

Know The Procedure Of Dermabrasion!

Dr. Saurabh Sharma 89% (104 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Amritsar
Know The Procedure Of Dermabrasion!

Dermabrasion is a procedure where a brush made up of wire or a rough edged diamond wheel is used on the skin to remove the upper layer from the skin. The rotation of the brush causes the upper layer of the skin to come off and may cause bleeding. The skin that comes off is replaced with new skin.

Why it is done?

  1. The procedure may be used to treat various surgical scars.
  2. Usually this procedure is used to get rid of acne scars.
  3. The procedure is used to treat various superficial growths that occur on the skin such as small cysts.
  4. It may also be used to treat wrinkles around the mouth.

Procedure
The area where the procedure is carried out is marked and then cleaned properly. Local anesthesia is used to numb the skin followed by an application of ice pack for about half an hour. If the preceding procedures do not harden the skin enough, then a freezing spray may be used to firm up the skin. Gauze may be used to restrict the bleeding which results from the procedure. The area is then cleaned and ointment is applied.

Post-surgery
The depth and size of the procedure determines, how much time the recovery process will take. For example, a small patch of skin will take little time to heal compared to a full face dermabrasion. It usually takes 6 to 7 days for the skin to regrow, which is pink in color. The color tends to fade away in 2 to 3 months. Usually patients do not suffer from pain, but if you do have some pain then you can take pain relievers. Corticosteroids may be used to treat swellings, if any.

You need to follow certain precautionary measures after the surgery:

  1. Regular cleaning of the skin to avoid various infections of the skin.
  2. Regular changing of the dressing and the ointment to speed up the healing process.
  3. Sun exposure needs to be avoided as the new skin is prone to damage. You may use sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun's rays.

Microdermabrasion - Is This Procedure Beneficial?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Kanpur
Microdermabrasion - Is This Procedure Beneficial?

With every passing day, your skin gets exposed to various external factors. Whenever we go outside, pollution, sun rays and other harmful agents have a negative effect on your skin. Therefore, people go through various medical and cosmetic treatments so that they can retain back their original skin. One such aesthetic treatment is the process of Microdermabrasion. It is a very popular method nowadays and has been conducted upon thousands.

Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical and non-chemical method which uses a spray of microcrystals, resulting in the removal of the outer layer of dry, dead skin cells. It helps to reveal the younger and fresh side of the skin. The process also encourages the growth of new skin layer which has high levels of collagen and elastin. Microdermabrasion is a much more gentler in nature and therefore it is more preferable. The process helps to ensure that the dead and bleak skin cells are taken off and a new layer is visible.

Risks and Benefits

Every aesthetic procedure has their own share of risks and benefits. Similarly, Microdermabrasion has it's too. The process helps to reduce and eliminate wrinkles, facial lines, acne scars and other agents of aging effectively. Rejuvenates the skin and makes it to look younger and fresh. The method uses non-allergic crystals, which is thus suitable for even those who are sensitive to different chemicals. However, some people may experience slight itchiness and irritation after the process has been completed. But the symptoms tend to go away within a few days.

Cost and other details

The cost of microdermabrasion depends upon a lot of things like experience of the doctor, what levels of treatment will be needed, quality of the treatment etc. However on an average cost of Rs. 5000 to Rs. 10000 should be expected. The method does not involve any kind of pain but the patients can feel certain warmness over the skin when the crystals peel off the old, dead skin cells and bring out the new layer.

Being a non-surgical process it does not involve any kind of recovery period. Microdermabrasion is thus, also known as “Lunch hour” treatment because it can be completed within a few minutes. If you have read the article then this. You now know what are the various aspects and details about microdermabrasion. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2607 people found this helpful

Microdermabrasion - Who Can Go For It & When To Avoid?

Dr. Seema Yadav 90% (16 ratings)
Post Graduation Diploma In Cosmetology, MBBS, DDVL (Dermatology )
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Microdermabrasion - Who Can Go For It & When To Avoid?

Microdermabrasion is a quick and painless treatment that accelerates the rate at which dead skin is exfoliated, and jump-starts the proliferation of new skin cells. Your dermatologist may recommend a series of microdermabrasion treatments, which can treat hyperpigmentation, sun-damaged spots, dryness, fine lines and wrinkles and even minor acne scars. Microdermabrasion can be coupled with just about any other type of skin treatment and is usually recommended to be done every few weeks to every two or three months.

Suitable for all but the most sensitive skins, microdermabrasion combines vacuum suction with tiny abrasive crystals to polish away the uppermost layer of skin, eliminating roughness as well as fine lines and wrinkles. It is a quick and virtually pain-free procedure that uses tiny, rough aluminum crystals to vigorously exfoliate the top layer of the skin, removing dead skin cells. 

How is a microdermabrasion procedure performed?

Most often, your microdermabrasion treatment will be performed by a licensed skincare professional in your plastic surgeon's office or medical spa.

There are two general methods for microdermabrasion:

Crystal Microdermabrasion: For this type of microdermabrasion, a handpiece emits crystals onto the surface of the skin, resulting in a gentle abrasion or "polishing" process. Then the dead skin cells along with the crystals are suctioned off either instantaneously (in the same handpiece) or in a secondary process.

Diamond-Tip Microdermabrasion: This type of microdermabrasion works with a diamond-tip handpiece that gently abrades and exfoliates dead skin cells. Like the crystal microdermabrasion, the dead skin is either suctioned off right away in the same handpiece or in a secondary process. The diamond-tip microdermabrasion is safer to perform closer to the eyes and has more flexibility in sensitive areas or on more sensitive skin.?

Ideal Candidates:

Microdermabrasion works best for anyone looking to revitalize their skin. If you have any of these conditions, you are a candidate for microdermabrasion:

  1.  Fine lines and wrinkles
  2.  Hyperpigmentation or sun spots
  3.  Dry skin
  4.  Minor acne scars
  5.  Blemishes or large pores

Acne:

Acne is a skin condition that leads to the outbreak of pimples and sores as well as whiteheads and blackheads. These have a reddish appearance and make the skin look less than ideal. With the help of microdermabrasion, one can gradually reduce the appearance of light scarring and make the skin look even toned.

Rosacea:

This is an inflammation-based skin condition which leads to the appearance of prominent blood vessels as well as other kinds of skin eruptions. Microdermabrasion can come to the rescue of the patient who is suffering from severe symptoms of this condition.

When to Avoid Microdermabrasion:

This procedure should be avoided by people who have sustained deep scars. Also, anyone who has active keloids and lesions that are yet to be diagnosed should avoid this treatment as it may lead to an aggravation. Further, anyone who is suffering from an immune system disorder or diabetes should also avoid this kind of treatment as it may lead to complications. If you have had a chemical peel recently, you should also steer clear of this kind of treatment as it may lead to inflammation, swelling and bleeding on the skin which is already tender from the previous treatment.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3737 people found this helpful

Dermabrasion - Know All About It!

Dr. Varun Sarin 89% (551 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Dehradun
Dermabrasion - Know All About  It!

Dermabrasion is a procedure where a brush made up of wire or a rough edged diamond wheel is used on the skin to remove the upper layer from the skin. The rotation of the brush causes the upper layer of the skin to come off and may cause bleeding. The skin that comes off is replaced with new skin.

Why it is done -

  1. The procedure may be used to treat various surgical scars.
  2. Usually this procedure is used to get rid of acne scars.
  3. The procedure is used to treat various superficial growths that occur on the skin such as small cysts.
  4. It may also be used to treat wrinkles around the mouth.

Procedure -

The area where the procedure is carried out is marked and then cleaned properly. Local anesthetics are used to numb the skin followed by application of ice pack for about half an hour. If the preceding procedures do not harden the skin enough, then a freezing spray may be used to firm up the skin. Gauze may be used to restrict the bleeding which results from the procedure. The area is then cleaned and ointment is applied.

Post-surgery
The depth and size of the procedure determines how much time the recovery process will take. For example - a small patch of skin will take little time to heal compared to a full face dermabrasion. It usually takes 6-7 days for the skin to regrow, which is pink in color. The color tends to fade away in 2-3 months. Usually patients do not suffer from pain, but if you do have some pain then you can take pain relievers. Corticosteroids may be used to treat swellings, if any.

You need to follow certain precautionary measures after the surgery -

  1. Regular cleaning of the skin to avoid various infections of the skin.
  2. Regular changing of the dressing and the ointment to speed up the healing process.
  3. Sun exposure needs to be avoided as the new skin is prone to damage. You may use sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun's rays.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3785 people found this helpful

Know Everything About Dermabrasion

Dr. Pankaj Tiwary 90% (39 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Patna
Know Everything About Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion is a procedure where a brush made up of wire or a rough edged diamond wheel is used on the skin to remove the upper layer from the skin. The rotation of the brush causes the upper layer of the skin to come off and may cause bleeding. The skin that comes off is replaced with new skin.

Why it is done?

  1. The procedure may be used to treat various surgical scars.
  2. Usually this procedure is used to get rid of acne scars.
  3. The procedure is used to treat various superficial growths that occur on the skin such as small cysts.
  4. It may also be used to treat wrinkles around the mouth.

Procedure
The area where the procedure is carried out is marked and then cleaned properly. Local anesthesia is used to numb the skin followed by an application of ice pack for about half an hour. If the preceding procedures do not harden the skin enough, then a freezing spray may be used to firm up the skin. Gauze may be used to restrict the bleeding which results from the procedure. The area is then cleaned and ointment is applied.

Post-surgery
The depth and size of the procedure determines, how much time the recovery process will take. For example, a small patch of skin will take little time to heal compared to a full face dermabrasion. It usually takes 6 to 7 days for the skin to regrow, which is pink in color. The color tends to fade away in 2 to 3 months. Usually patients do not suffer from pain, but if you do have some pain then you can take pain relievers. Corticosteroids may be used to treat swellings, if any.

You need to follow certain precautionary measures after the surgery:

  1. Regular cleaning of the skin to avoid various infections of the skin.
  2. Regular changing of the dressing and the ointment to speed up the healing process.
  3. Sun exposure needs to be avoided as the new skin is prone to damage. You may use sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun's rays.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2695 people found this helpful

Dermabrasion - 10 Facts You Must Know Before You Go For It!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Dermabrasion - 10 Facts You Must Know Before You Go For It!

Dermabrasion is a procedure where the top layer of the skin is removed by using a diamond wheel or a wire brush. The brush or the wire is rotated on the top layer of the skin and injures it. As the injury heals, new skin is formed. The procedure is used to clear scars from acne and other lines in the face.

The factors to be considered are the coarseness of the brush or the wire, the duration and the pressure applied. 

There are certain things to keep in mind before undergoing the procedure:

  1. Too much sun exposure can damage the skin on the face. So take necessary precautions both before and after the surgery.
  2. Few days prior to the surgery, it is advised to stop using harsh exfoliating products on the skin. If all the unwanted cells are removed before the procedure then the healthy cells will be removed during the procedure.
  3. It can result in bleeding and scarring.
  4. Moisture is removed from the skin during the procedure so it is advised to moisturize the face on a regular basis.
  5. This procedure increases blood flow to the skin so the skin remains healthy. It also increases the skin's elasticity.
  6. This procedure also helps people who have large pores on their skin.
  7. It can help in getting rid of hyperpigmentation and age spots.
  8. The procedure helps in penetration of the various cosmetic products so the cosmetic effects are more prominent.
  9. The procedure tends to give better results in younger people than older people.
  10. The procedure lasts for about 30 minutes. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!
2433 people found this helpful

What is Dermabrasion?

Dr. Ravindra Dargainya 86% (46 ratings)
MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Mumbai
What is Dermabrasion?

Dermabrasion and dermaplaning help to "refinish" the skin's top layers through a method of controlled surgical scraping. The treatments soften the sharp edges of surface irregularities, giving the skin a smoother appearance.

  • Dermabrasion is most often used to improve the look of facial skin left scarred by accidents or previous surgery, or to smooth out fine facial wrinkles. It's also sometimes used to remove the pre-cancerous growths called keratoses. Dermaplaning is also commonly used to treat deep acne scars.
  • Both dermabrasion and dermaplaning can be performed on small areas of skin or on the entire face. They can be used alone, or in conjunction with other procedures such as facelift, scar removal/revision or chemical peel.

Dermabrasion: What You Need To Know Before Going For The Treatment?

Dr. Sandesh Gupta 93% (5137 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Dermabrasion: What You Need To Know Before Going For The Treatment?

Dermabrasion is a procedure where the top layer of the skin is removed by using a diamond wheel or a wire brush. The brush or the wire is rotated on the top layer of the skin and injures it. As the injury heals, new skin is formed. The procedure is used to clear scars from acne and other lines in the face.

The factors to be considered are the coarseness of the brush or the wire, the duration and the pressure applied. 

There are certain things to keep in mind before undergoing the procedure:

  1. Too much sun exposure can damage the skin on the face. So take necessary precautions both before and after the surgery.
  2. Few days prior to the surgery, it is advised to stop using harsh exfoliating products on the skin. If all the unwanted cells are removed before the procedure then the healthy cells will be removed during the procedure.
  3. It can result in bleeding and scarring.
  4. Moisture is removed from the skin during the procedure so it is advised to moisturize the face on a regular basis.
  5. This procedure increases blood flow to the skin so the skin remains healthy. It also increases the skin's elasticity.
  6. This procedure also helps people who have large pores on their skin.
  7. It can help in getting rid of hyperpigmentation and age spots.
  8. The procedure helps in penetration of the various cosmetic products so the cosmetic effects are more prominent.
  9. The procedure tends to give better results in younger people than older people.
  10. The procedure lasts for about 30 minutes. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.
5257 people found this helpful

Chemical Peel vs Microdermabrasion - Which Method Is Suitable For Your Skin?

Dr. Amit Seth 89% (75 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Chemical Peel vs Microdermabrasion - Which Method Is Suitable For Your Skin?

Many factors come into play when evaluating the health of our biggest organ, the skin.  It is always exposed to external elements and hence sustains most potential damage. When choosing the proper treatments and products to enhance your skin, you should take into consideration such factors as skin pigmentation, acne, fine lines, wrinkles, skin sensitivities, oiliness or dryness. Exfoliation procedures can be physical or chemical. Which is best for you? The best way to decide on Microdermabrasion vs Chemical Peel is to review the benefits and expectations of each procedure.

Microdermabrasion
Microdermabrasion is the most common physical method for removing the very superficial level of the skin. It is a manual exfoliation of the epidermis to remove dead skin cells, debris and impurities. Normally, an instrument, which combines suction and a wand made of diamond or small crystal particles, is used to remove these from the skin.

Microdermabrasion produces instant results, but may not be a good choice for inflamed, sensitive or rosacea type skin. In such cases look for resurfacing methods that utilize a dermafile, a manual exfoliation using diamond files. This technique reduces breakage of capillaries in someone with thin or sensitive skin. Microdermabrasion encourages collagen stimulation and a more rapid cell turnover in the skin.

Microdermabrasion wands consist of two main types:

  1. Crystal tip – A mixture of fine aluminum crystals are used to abrade the skin, as the cells and debris are blown away.
  2. Diamond tip  – Very fine diamond particles are used to remove any dead cells, oils, or debris, as these are also suctioned away.

What can I expect from Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion should leave the skin’s surface velvety smooth, soft, bright and glowing. This rejuvenation method is instant and in rare cases, a pinkness or sensitivity may occur a few hours directly after the procedure, lasting less than 24 hours.  Microdermabrasion is a workhorse of all rejuvenation procedures.  Although it is primarily used on the face, it can be used on any part of the body, from the neck to chest, to hands, etc.  Microdermabrasion is frequently done on the same day prior to other rejuvenation procedures for maximum benefits.

Chemical Peel
Chemical peels use topical applications of peeling solutions to rejuvenate the skin, address fine lines and wrinkles, pigmentation, tone and texture. They allow for cells that make collagen to function more effectively and remove any damage caused by the sun and other external forces that always act on our skin. Chemical peels are the preferred method in general for the treatment of the following;

  1. Counter fine lines and wrinkles
  2. Issues with skin pigmentation due to age or sun damage
  3. Acne and some acne scars
  4. General improvement in the skin’s texture, tightness and overall appearance

How do Chemical Peels work?
Whenever we take a step outside, or take a ride in a car our skin is exposed to harsh elements, pollutants, and harmful ultraviolet rays. With exposure to these elements, the skin is potentially damaged, leading to the aged appearance.

Chemical peels remove damaged cells; stimulate the growth of the new skin cells and collagen production. Different peels are used for different purposes. They can and should be customized for each patient’s particular skin types and problems. There are wonderful new combination peels that are safe, effective and have minimal down time. Anyone undergoing a chemical peel must stay out of the sun from 6 – 10 days and needless to say continue to use sun block.

Microdermabrasion vs Chemical Peel
It is always best to consult your physician when determining what will work best for your individual case and to help you accomplish your rejuvenation and/or skin-improvement goals. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

3637 people found this helpful
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