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Dark Skin - Why It Is Better?

Dark Skin - Why It Is Better?

Many Indians are crazy about fair skin and go to extreme lengths to achieve and maintain a fair complexion. The media bombards you daily with very catchy advertisements of creams, lotions, sunscreens and other unscientific products that claim to make your skin fairer. Do you know that your skin colour is darker for very good evolutionary and biological reasons and that medically speaking, it is good that you do not have very fair skin?

Darker skin is adapted to sunlight and has increased quantity of a pigment called melanin. The more melanin you have, the darker your skin. And the safer you are! Melanin along with other factors, acts as a “natural umbrella” and prevents harmful radiation from entering your skin.

These are just some of the reasons why black skin is safe and beautiful:

  1. You are less prone to sunburns: White skinned individuals often get painful, carrot-red or tomato-red inflamed sunburns on exposure to sunlight. Some individuals also get blistering sunburns requiring aggressive medical treatment to control the reaction. Your darker skin allows you to spend much longer time on the beach and you probably have never ever experienced any blister due to sunlight.
  2. You do not experience photo-ageing: Fine and deep wrinkles, broken blood vessels on the nose and cheeks, freckles, age spots and rough scaly spots called keratosis are commonly seen in white skinned individuals with long term sun exposure. These set of changes are called photo-aging. Because of natural sun protection, your Indian skin remains has less wrinkles and is smoother, even when exposed to the same amount of sunlight.
  3. You are less prone to skin cancers: Without melanin, you can imagine white skin as a transparent covering, which allows harmful UV light to penetrate through into the lower layers of the skin. This radiation causes damage to the DNA and a few cells may mutate to cause skin cancers, some of which are deadly. You are lucky that your “natural umbrella” blocks UV light effectively and cells in different layers of the skin suffer much less damage compared to white-skinned individuals. However, don’t forget to see a dermatologist in case you see any new bump, or in case you see any change in(a)symmetry, border, color, diameter or evolution (ABCDE) of any existing moleon your skin.

However, on the flip side, since your skin is effective in shielding you from sunlight, you are also prone to Vitamin D deficiency. Sunlight is required for the production of Vitamin D and darker skinned individuals are more prone to this deficiency. Talk to your dermatologist about this possibility.

Sunscreens were developed to protect against sunburns and skin cancers and you probably do not need them as a routine, unless you work outdoors, on beaches or on mountains. Stay away from skin brightening creams, since many of them contain compounds which permanently damage your skin and organs. Make it a point to consult your dermatologist before putting any medication on your skin. Be proud and be happy that you have dark Indian skin.

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9 Ways To Treat Dark Circles!

9 Ways To Treat Dark Circles!

Dark circles are also known as peri orbital dark circles. Dark circles are dark blemishes which appear around the eye. Dark circles can appear at any age although older people are more likely to develop it. They may appear due to anemia, fatigue, medications, allergies, ageing or due to genetic problems. Dark circles may be treated either naturally with various home remedies or through artificial treatment. 

The nine remedies stated below are some of the ways to cope up with the problem of dark circles.

1.  Massage a few drops of almond oil mixed with a few drops of Vitamin E oil to the affected area and leave it overnight. Wash it off in the morning with cold water. Follow this routine for one or two weeks to witness the difference.

2.   Cucumber has skin- lightening properties along with mild astringent properties which help to reduce dark circles. Cut two round slices of cucumber and leave it on top of your closed eyelids for ten to fifteen minutes. Repeat this as often as possible.

3.  Tomato has bleaching properties and reduces dark circles. Mix one tablespoon of tomato juice with half tablespoon lime juice, apply to the affected area and leave it on for ten to fifteen minutes.

4.  You may also use refrigerated green tea bags and leave them on your eyelids for about fifteen minutes. It not only reduces dark circles but also rejuvenates the skin.

5.  Cold milk is also an effective agent for removing dark circles. Soak a cotton ball in a cup of cold milk, place it on the affected area for fifteen minutes and wash off with water.

6.  Rose water is also considered to be very useful in removing dark circles. Soak cotton balls in rose water and leave it on top of your eyelids for ten to fifteen minutes.

7.  Chemical peelings performed by dermatologists also help in removing dark circles. It exfoliates the damaged layer and leaves the skin rejuvenated.

8.  Intense Pulsed Light Treatment and laser treatment are also very effective in removing dark circles. Intense pulsed light treatment destroys pigment cells responsible for discoloration. It is a process where high energy light waves are used to reduce dark circles. 

9.  Creams with alpha hydroxyl acids (AHAs) are also proved to be beneficial in removing dark circles.
Stress, lack of sleep and disturbed lifestyle are also responsible for dark circles. So, along with the above mentioned remedies following a healthy lifestyle will help you to combat the problem of dark circles.

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5 Causes Of Skin Darkening

5 Causes Of Skin Darkening

Have you been noticing that some parts of your skin have turned dark and dull recently? Do you have ugly blotches and spots developing on your skin that keep on worsening? These may indicate that you have been affected by a medical condition known as skin darkening. Also known as hyperpigmentation, it is commonly caused by the overproduction of a pigment known as melanin. Although skin darkening is not a harmful condition, it demoralizes an affected person.

Types of Hyperpigmentation:

There are several types of hyperpigmentation or skin darkening. They are:

  1. Lentigenes: This type of skin darkening refers to on the dark brown or black marks on skin surface.

  2. Solar Lentigenes: This type of skin darkening includes sun spots, age spots or liver spots. These are spots, which are caused due to exposure to the sun.

  3. Melasma: This type of skin darkening, also called as mask of pregnancy, occurs due to hormonal changes of pregnancy. Some areas of the facial skin become blotchy and pigmented.

Causes of Skin darkening:

There are several conditions, which may lead to the occurrence of skin darkening or hyperpigmentation. They include the following:

  1. Hereditary factors: Some inherited factors present since birth may be responsible for the change in the skin complexion and the development of patches.

  2. Skin disorders: Several skin disorders may cause the darkening of the skin, resulting into the formation of blotches and the skin becoming thicker.

  3. Vitamin deficiency: Insufficient consumption of essential vitamins such as vitamin A, E, C and B complex may result in darkening and roughening of the skin. Vitamin deprivation also makes the skin look dull. Liver disorders: Certain liver disorders are also responsible for hyperpigmentation. A dysfunctional liver may lead to darkening of the skin.

  4. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes within our body and during pregnancy in women may also cause skin darkening.

  5. Exposure to UV rays: Overexposure to the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun may lead to skin tanning. This causes overproduction of melanin, which in turn results in skin darkening.


There are several ways in which you can prevent skin darkening. They include the following:

  1. Avoid exposing yourself directly to the rays of the sun.

  2. Try to apply sunscreen every time before you go out in the sun.

  3. You should drink plenty of water and always keep yourself hydrated.

  4. Try to abstain from consuming too much of spicy, oily and rich foods.

  5. You must intake a lot of fruits and vegetables, which are rich in vitamin A, B, C, and E.

There are many options for treating the hyperpigmentation, from skin lightening peels to lasers. A properly planned customized skin care routine and treatment options can minimize, the pigmentation on your skin dramatically.

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Why It Is Important To Wear Sunscreen?

Why It Is Important To Wear Sunscreen?

We all think of sunscreen as something that goes into our vacation kit when heading out on a hike in the hills or to the beach. What we fear is being out in the sun can reduce fairness and/or case a tan, and a sunscreen will help maintain complexion.
This is a completely wrong notion. What we need to be aware of is that even the regular, daily sun exposure during driving or going to office can do as much damage if not more. The sunscreen, therefore, assumes a very important role in your daily personal care. Read on and find out more.

1. Relationship with skin cancer: Studies in the US have shown that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, and sun exposure is the leading cause of this. It is the regular exposure on a daily basis that cumulatively leads to this, rather than a one-day exposure minus the sunscreen. Using sunscreen on a regular, daily basis provides a good shield against skin cancer.

2. Slows down aging: The dry skin, wrinkles, sun spots, and dark circles on the skin are more a result of unprotected exposure to sun rather than just ageing. The sun is the most powerful agent that can lead to these effects and it is very essential to guard yourself against it.

While the general belief is that the sun is less harmful during cloudy days, it is not so. The ultraviolet rays of the sun filter through clouds and cause equal damage as they would during sunny summer days. Studies have shown that these rays which filter through the clouds are capable of continuing their accelerated ageing effects even after you have reached your homes. It is not just the amount of time you are actually out in the sun that counts. The collagen in the skin that gives it the firmness is damaged, leading to sagging and bagging. 
Using a sunscreen provides a shield against these harmful UV rays. Research has shown a 73% reduction in the invasive forms of skin cancer by using sunscreen on a regular basis.
It is popular belief that fair complexion is more affected by sun exposure. It is true that darker complexion has more melanocytes that increase the natural protection, but this does not ensure complete protection against the harmful ultraviolet rays.

After reading this, a sunscreen lotion with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more should find its way into your grooming kit.

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Vitiligo - How Does Homeopathy Treat It?

Vitiligo - How Does Homeopathy Treat It?

Vitiligo is a skin disorder that leads to the appearance of white patches on the skin surface. The patches appear in random places, with very less underlying order to their arrangement. The cause of this disease is the impairment of skin melanocytes, structures that give skin its dark, or natural, pigment. This can be a result of the body attacking its own cells, making vitiligo an autoimmune disease.

Vitiligo does not occur to people in discrimination of gender and sets on early in life. This means that you will be affected irrespective of whether you are male or female, and will get it before you pass your 20’s completely. This disease may be hereditary. The diagnosis is made once you get patches of discolouration on your skin, and you will tend to get them rather quickly too.

What are the early signs of vitiligo?

The early symptoms of vitiligo include-

• Patchy loss of skin colour
• Premature greying of the hair follicles
• Change of colour of the retina
• Loss of colour of the mucous membrane

Some spots on the body may be more vulnerable to vitiligo. This includes the parts exposed to sunlight and parts that have suffered an injury in the past. The folded regions in your skin, like the underarms, are more vulnerable to this condition.

How does Homeopathy help treat vitiligo?

Unfortunately, conventional treatment does not offer a permanent cure to this condition. In most cases, doctors/skin specialists recommend homoeopathy treatment for managing the symptoms of vitiligo.

There are several reasons you should choose homoeopathy over conventional medicine vitiligo-

• Homoeopathy provides tailored treatment. It takes account of your personality and medical history and comes up with a treatment procedure custom made for you.
• The effects last for a longer duration. This is due to the customized treatment that homoeopathy affords.
• Homoeopathy provides holistic treatment, which takes care of your mental state and lifestyle too, along with your physical state.
• The ingredients used in the preparation of homoeopathy medicines are natural and mild as compared to conventional medicine. Therefore, there are no risks or side effects involved with the procedure.

Word of Caution: 

Studies identity a positive role of homoeopathy in vitiligo were depigmentation reported. The treatment, however, is prolonged and needs to be based on Homoeopathic principles of totality and individualized treatment.

Homoeopathy Treatment for vitiligo helps to increase vitality, and thereby stimulates melanocytes to produce melanin and ultimately permanent cure takes place.

Psychological Aspects: 

  • Emotional Stress to patient 
  • People feel embarrassed, ashamed, depressed 
  • Lack of confidence in them due to cosmetic problem

Vitiligo is a skin deformity that is still stigmatized in some parts of society. While the exact causes of this disease are not known, it can travel in the family. Its effects are irreversible, but you can manage them with the methods homoeopathy dictates, like those above.

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Dark Circles And Its Homoeopathic Cure!

Dark Circles And Its Homoeopathic Cure!

Dark circles appear when the skin under the eyes becomes discoloured or dark. They are mainly caused due to aging, inadequate sleep, heredity, or even stress.
Sometimes, darkening below the eyes can be due to extreme emotional fatigue or depleted adrenals, due to stress or medication.
Homeopathic constitutional treatment will give you a permanent cure naturally.

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Melasma vs Hyperpigmentation - What Is The Difference?

Melasma vs Hyperpigmentation - What Is The Difference?

Dark patches on the skin are a common cause for concern. These patches may not be very harmful but they can affect a person’s self-confidence and emotional health. Patchiness is usually the result of excessive sun exposure. Hyperpigmentation is usually used as an umbrella term for all such skin conditions. However, not all dark patches are the same.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation refers to the presence of dark patches of damaged skin triggered by external stressors. Of these, sun exposure is the most common trigger. This triggers the overproduction of melanin in the lower layers of the skin that travels upwards and results in dark patches or spots. The deeper the melanin, the harder it is to treat hyperpigmentation. These patches can be seen in all skin types and tones. They can be big or small and be present in varying densities. Hyperpigmentation can also be caused by cuts in the skin or scars left behind by acne. Using a good sunscreen can help prevent hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels and laser therapy could also help.

What is Melasma?

Melasma is also characterized by dark patches on the skin. However, these are not caused by external factors but are the result of a hormonal imbalance. Women between the age of 20 to 50 years are most susceptible to melasma as an increase in estrogen levels causes this condition. Darker skin tones are more susceptible to this condition than lighter skin tones. It is often seen during pregnancy and may also be a side effect of certain types of birth control pills. Certain types of contraception could also trigger this condition. This condition can be aggravated by sun exposure. For this reason, in some cases, it is aggravated in the summers and reduces in the winter. Another difference between hyperpigmentation and melisma is that the dark patches seen in the latter condition tend to be symmetrical and concentrated around the forehead, cheeks, upper lip, arms and shoulders.

Unlike hyperpigmentation, melasma can be difficult to treat. This is because genetics play a large role in hormone-related conditions. As with hyperpigmentation, the use of a sunscreen is crucial to controlling this condition. This should be applied every two hours even if one is indoors. Some types of skin peels have been known to be beneficial for this condition. Phytic acid peels not only help lighten dark patches but also deactivate enzymes responsible for them.

Superficial melasma is light brown in colour. As the depth is increased it becomes dark brown to Coca-Cola and grayish in colour and becomes difficult to treat. Medicine are having good results in superficial melasma. For deeper once Iontophoresis and lasers gives better results. Deep melasma is difficult to treat.

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Types Of Burn Injuries And Ayurvedic Approach Of Treating Them!

Types Of Burn Injuries And Ayurvedic Approach Of Treating Them!

Every year approximately 70 lakhs of burn injury cases are recorded in India. Burn injuries can affect anyone, anytime. These wounds are caused due to several factors such as- coming in contact with fire or hot liquid, skin damage due to sunburn, chemical burns, etc.

Types of burn injuries as per Ayurveda- The pain resulting from burn injuries can be persistent and intense. Depending on its severity, burn injuries are classified into the following types-

1) Plusta (First degree burn)- these types of burns only affect the epidermal or outer most layers of your skin. Occurs when your skin is exposed to the harmful UV rays of the sun.


2) Durdagdha (Second degree burn)- affects the dermis or second layer of the skin.


  • Wound turns pink, soft and moist
  • Discharge of pus/fluid
  • Red blisters

3) Samyagdagdha (Third degree burn)- when the injury extends beyond the dermis and penetrates deeper tissues.


4) Atidagdha (Fourth degree burn)- this type of injury causes damage to the hypodermis. The muscles, veins, nerves, and even bones are severely damaged.


  • Burning sensation
  • Fever
  • Thirst

Ayurvedic Approach to Heal Burn Injuries-

Skin burns, whether minor or major, leaves behind ugly, unsightly scars. These are often disturbing and upsetting. One way you can get rid of the pain and these burn scars is by adopting an Ayurvedic approach. Ayurveda uses natural ingredients, herbs and medicated oils, packed with anti-inflammatory healing properties to offer quick relief from the pain-

  1. Applying Calendula or Marigold oil and Lavender oil provides instant relief from burns.
  2. Apply banana paste on the burn injury for about 10 minutes. This will help reduce the appearance of the scars.
  3. Take a papaya and mash it. Apply the paste on the burn site. It will remove the dead cells with the help of enzymes.
  4. Slice a tomato in pieces and rub it on the scar. This will not only reduce the pain, but also help the scars fade away.

Ayurveda thus aids in pain management for burn injuries by offering natural remedies that are safe and easily accessible.

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Freckles - Easy Tips To Get Rid Of Them!

Freckles - Easy Tips To Get Rid Of Them!

Some of us are born with freckles and some acquire them, mostly due to sun exposure. They are not common on dark skin, but those of us with lighter complexion have to bear the brunt of these brown dot-like blemishes. If you’ve been waiting for information on easy and super-fast ways to get rid of freckles, you’ve just got lucky.

You can use natural lightening methods as well as freckle-removing treatments like lasers to get rid of freckles fast.

Natural lightening methods: 

  1. Lemon juice:  This natural bleach can lighten freckles fast. Problem is that lemon juice doesn’t work on freckles caused due to sun exposure as these are darker and more irregularly placed across the skin.
  2. Sour cream mask: Milk and sour cream are both very effective in combating freckles. Just make a mask and apply on your face and let it soak in. What happens here is that the lactic acid in milk peels away the outer skin on your face, lightening freckles.
  3. Fruit peels: You can mix fruits and apply on face. This will facilitate the natural acids in fruits to peel the top layer of skin and lighten freckles. Strawberries and kiwi fruit are very effective and so are cucumbers and apricots.

Treatments for removing freckles

  1. Lightening creams: These are easily available as well as extremely effective against both natural as well as sun induced freckles. Creams with liquorice extract and Aloe work best. Then there are creams with chemicals like hydroquinone and oxybenzone, which are also very effective, though they can sometimes have side effects.
  2. Microdermabrasion: What microdermabrasion does is that it removes the outer layer of skin through the action of a stream of tiny particles. This reduces the intensity of freckles.
  3. Chemical peels: These peels remove the top layer of skin and reduce freckles. Skin needs 2-3 days to heal after a chemical peel. Chemical peels are prepared in 3 different strengths:
    1. Superficial which use alpha or beta hydroxy acids
    2. Medium which uses trichloroacetic acid to penetrate deep into skin
    3. Deep peels which use higher concentrations of trichloroacetic acid or phenol to get rid of even more layers of skin.
  4. Laser treatment: Lasers offer a fast way to get rid of freckles. They work by burning the blood vessels underneath the freckles. This reduces the intensity of freckles and gives skin an even tone. The procedure is safe if done by a surgeon. It may cause some temporary bruisingswelling and redness.

A good way to stop freckles from marring the prettiness of your skin is to protect yourself from the sun. You can wear sunscreen or cover your skin with long sleeves. Both of these stop the darkening of old freckles or the formation of newer ones. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

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Beautifying Your Pout - 7 Easy Ways To Make Your Lips Look Perfect!

Beautifying Your Pout - 7 Easy Ways To Make Your Lips Look Perfect!

Do you get embarrassed while you pout for a quick selfie? Well, dried and chapped lips may spoil your entire look. Your photogenic appearance may also get ruined due to the bad health of your lips. Your personality gets a booster dose when your pout is perfect and beautiful. Lips are essential for your perfect sexual life too.

Lips are devoid of oil glands, unlike the other portions of your face or skin. Thus, they tend to dry up soon. There can be a number of reasons behind dried lips. Blame it on the weather or any disease; your lips are more prone to ill-health and dullness. You need to be extra careful about the moisture retention in the lips.

Here are some of the most common reasons for bad lips:

  1. Heredity: Most of the times, you will have to blame your genes for dry and pigmented lips. These cannot be treated with cosmetics.
  2. Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and imbalance during pregnancy lead to dark patches on the face, especially on the lips, nose tips, cheek and forehead. This is commonly termed as the mask of pregnancy. The problem ends as soon as pregnancy is complete.
  3. Dehydration: Lips get dull and cracked as you forget to consume the right amount of water throughout the day. Dehydration not just affects your skin, but adversely impacts the lips too.
  4. Smoking: Researchers believe that smoking leads to darkening of the lips. It also leads to discolouration of the teeth.
  5. Poor diet: Food deficient in essential vitamins and minerals leads to dryness and dullness of the lips. Deficiency of vitamin E and C affects the health of lips.
  6. Coffee addiction: Consumption of too much of coffee leads to darkening of lips.
  7. UV Rays: Excessive exposure to sun rays is a major cause for developing dark lips. UV rays affect the skin adversely.

How to get beautiful lips?
You can follow the tips below to get beautiful lips:

  1. Exfoliate your lips. Use sugar and honey to make a scrub for your skin. Rub it on the lips for 5 minutes and rinse it. Honey is an antioxidant that restores the quality of your damaged lips and sugar removes the dead cells.
  2. Keep lips moisturised. You must apply lip balms and SPF-containing lip creams/lotions to keep them hydrated throughout the day.
  3. Drink a lot of water to maintain the fluid levels in the body.
  4. Use a humidifier at your residence in dry weather to keep the moisture intact.
  5. Wrap your face with a scarf when going out in cold weather or out in the sun.
  6. Don’t bite your lips, or lick them. Saliva causes drying up of lips.
  7. Visit a dermatologist if you are suffering from severe drying up of lips.
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