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Dark Skin Tips

Types Of Burn Injuries And Ayurvedic Approach Of Treating Them!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jammu
Types Of Burn Injuries And Ayurvedic Approach Of Treating Them!

Every year approximately 70 lakhs of burn injury cases are recorded in India. Burn injuries can affect anyone, anytime. These wounds are caused due to several factors such as- coming in contact with fire or hot liquid, skin damage due to sunburn, chemical burns, etc.

Types of burn injuries as per Ayurveda-
The pain resulting from burn injuries can be persistent and intense. Depending on its severity, burn injuries are classified into the following types-

1) Plusta (First degree burn)- these types of burns only affect the epidermal or outer most layers of your skin. Occurs when your skin is exposed to the harmful UV rays of the sun.

Symptoms

2) Durdagdha (Second degree burn)- affects the dermis or second layer of the skin.

Symptoms

  • Wound turns pink, soft and moist
  • Discharge of pus/fluid
  • Red blisters

3) Samyagdagdha (Third degree burn)- when the injury extends beyond the dermis and penetrates deeper tissues.

Symptoms

4) Atidagdha (Fourth degree burn)- this type of injury causes damage to the hypodermis. The muscles, veins, nerves, and even bones are severely damaged.

Symptoms

  • Burning sensation
  • Fever
  • Thirst

Ayurvedic Approach to Heal Burn Injuries-
Skin burns, whether minor or major, leaves behind ugly, unsightly scars. These are often disturbing and upsetting. One way you can get rid of the pain and these burn scars is by adopting an Ayurvedic approach.
Ayurveda uses natural ingredients, herbs and medicated oils, packed with anti-inflammatory healing properties to offer quick relief from the pain-

  1. Applying Calendula or Marigold oil and Lavender oil provides instant relief from burns.
  2. Apply banana paste on the burn injury for about 10 minutes. This will help reduce the appearance of the scars.
  3. Take a papaya and mash it. Apply the paste on the burn site. It will remove the dead cells with the help of enzymes.
  4. Slice a tomato in pieces and rub it on the scar. This will not only reduce the pain, but also help the scars fade away.

Ayurveda thus aids in pain management for burn injuries by offering natural remedies that are safe and easily accessible.

Freckles - Easy Tips To Get Rid Of Them!

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Freckles - Easy Tips To Get Rid Of Them!

Some of us are born with freckles and some acquire them, mostly due to sun exposure. They are not common on dark skin, but those of us with lighter complexion have to bear the brunt of these brown dot-like blemishes. If you’ve been waiting for information on easy and super-fast ways to get rid of freckles, you’ve just got lucky.

You can use natural lightening methods as well as freckle-removing treatments like lasers to get rid of freckles fast.

Natural lightening methods: 

  1. Lemon juice:  This natural bleach can lighten freckles fast. Problem is that lemon juice doesn’t work on freckles caused due to sun exposure as these are darker and more irregularly placed across the skin.
  2. Sour cream mask: Milk and sour cream are both very effective in combating freckles. Just make a mask and apply on your face and let it soak in. What happens here is that the lactic acid in milk peels away the outer skin on your face, lightening freckles.
  3. Fruit peels: You can mix fruits and apply on face. This will facilitate the natural acids in fruits to peel the top layer of skin and lighten freckles. Strawberries and kiwi fruit are very effective and so are cucumbers and apricots.

Treatments for removing freckles

  1. Lightening creams: These are easily available as well as extremely effective against both natural as well as sun induced freckles. Creams with liquorice extract and Aloe work best. Then there are creams with chemicals like hydroquinone and oxybenzone, which are also very effective, though they can sometimes have side effects.
  2. Microdermabrasion: What microdermabrasion does is that it removes the outer layer of skin through the action of a stream of tiny particles. This reduces the intensity of freckles.
  3. Chemical peels: These peels remove the top layer of skin and reduce freckles. Skin needs 2-3 days to heal after a chemical peel. Chemical peels are prepared in 3 different strengths:
    1. Superficial which use alpha or beta hydroxy acids
    2. Medium which uses trichloroacetic acid to penetrate deep into skin
    3. Deep peels which use higher concentrations of trichloroacetic acid or phenol to get rid of even more layers of skin.
  4. Laser treatment: Lasers offer a fast way to get rid of freckles. They work by burning the blood vessels underneath the freckles. This reduces the intensity of freckles and gives skin an even tone. The procedure is safe if done by a surgeon. It may cause some temporary bruisingswelling and redness.

A good way to stop freckles from marring the prettiness of your skin is to protect yourself from the sun. You can wear sunscreen or cover your skin with long sleeves. Both of these stop the darkening of old freckles or the formation of newer ones. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

4280 people found this helpful

Beautifying Your Pout - 7 Easy Ways To Make Your Lips Look Perfect!

MD - Skin,VD & Lepxsy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Rewari
Beautifying Your Pout - 7 Easy Ways To Make Your Lips Look Perfect!

Do you get embarrassed while you pout for a quick selfie? Well, dried and chapped lips may spoil your entire look. Your photogenic appearance may also get ruined due to the bad health of your lips. Your personality gets a booster dose when your pout is perfect and beautiful. Lips are essential for your perfect sexual life too.

Lips are devoid of oil glands, unlike the other portions of your face or skin. Thus, they tend to dry up soon. There can be a number of reasons behind dried lips. Blame it on the weather or any disease; your lips are more prone to ill-health and dullness. You need to be extra careful about the moisture retention in the lips.

Here are some of the most common reasons for bad lips:

  1. Heredity: Most of the times, you will have to blame your genes for dry and pigmented lips. These cannot be treated with cosmetics.
  2. Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and imbalance during pregnancy lead to dark patches on the face, especially on the lips, nose tips, cheek and forehead. This is commonly termed as the mask of pregnancy. The problem ends as soon as pregnancy is complete.
  3. Dehydration: Lips get dull and cracked as you forget to consume the right amount of water throughout the day. Dehydration not just affects your skin, but adversely impacts the lips too.
  4. Smoking: Researchers believe that smoking leads to darkening of the lips. It also leads to discolouration of the teeth.
  5. Poor diet: Food deficient in essential vitamins and minerals leads to dryness and dullness of the lips. Deficiency of vitamin E and C affects the health of lips.
  6. Coffee addiction: Consumption of too much of coffee leads to darkening of lips.
  7. UV Rays: Excessive exposure to sun rays is a major cause for developing dark lips. UV rays affect the skin adversely.

How to get beautiful lips?
You can follow the tips below to get beautiful lips:

  1. Exfoliate your lips. Use sugar and honey to make a scrub for your skin. Rub it on the lips for 5 minutes and rinse it. Honey is an antioxidant that restores the quality of your damaged lips and sugar removes the dead cells.
  2. Keep lips moisturised. You must apply lip balms and SPF-containing lip creams/lotions to keep them hydrated throughout the day.
  3. Drink a lot of water to maintain the fluid levels in the body.
  4. Use a humidifier at your residence in dry weather to keep the moisture intact.
  5. Wrap your face with a scarf when going out in cold weather or out in the sun.
  6. Don’t bite your lips, or lick them. Saliva causes drying up of lips.
  7. Visit a dermatologist if you are suffering from severe drying up of lips.
4900 people found this helpful

Want Healthy Skin? Know The Habits You Need To Change!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Want Healthy Skin? Know The Habits You Need To Change!

While taking care of skin externally is definitely a good idea, maintaining healthy skin from the inside is important as well. These don't happen overnight or don't work with external beauty products but only happen when lifestyle changes are put into place. Let's take a look at some of the well known lifestyle changes or habits that can help you get healthier skin.

1. Stop smoking:Apart from contributing to cancer and being nicknamed death sticks, smoking also causes a person's skin to look older. This is due to the fact that it constricts blood vessels within the body and thus causes wrinkles on the skin by disrupting the normal blood flow. It is thus advisable to give up smoking if you want to have healthier skin.

2. Eat more of dark leafy green vegetables:For skin to be healthy; your body also needs to be healthy internally. The best way to do that is to exercise and eat right. Eating right is an even more important and it is important to remember to include dark leafy vegetable which are packed with nutrients required by the body. Some examples of these foods are:

a. Spinach
b. Broccoli
c. Brussels sprouts
d. Kale
e. Romaine lettuce, etc.

3. Exercising or incorporating at least some forms of movement:It is important to get into some regimen of exercising or working out, be it yoga, running whichever may be light, but makes you move during the day. This is very important as movement and exercise helps the lymphatic system within the body to make the immune system stronger. This will not only boost immunity, but will also help detoxify the body and hence help the skin become healthier.

4. Carry out detoxification diets and procedures at regular intervals:Detoxifying isn’t just about having a clean diet, but also about detoxifying the skin from the outside. While you can go for a green or fruits only diet or smoothies and cut out many food groups for a few days to detoxify, it is also important to detoxify the skin as well with body wraps, clay treatments, sugar scrubs, salt treatments etc.

5. Manage stress:This is a silent killer in many aspects as stress leads to hypertension and many other ailments. With regards to skin, stress releases cortisol, which over activates the blood vessels and causes it to make the skin over sensitive. This will result in visible redness, blushing and may even cause acne. Get into and start practicing stress management routines to minimize stress that will not only help you have healthy skin but good health in general.

2857 people found this helpful

5 Ayurvedic Remedies To Heal Burn Injuries!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jammu
5 Ayurvedic Remedies To Heal Burn Injuries!

Your skin is the largest organ of the body that regulates body temperature, and prevents evaporation of bodily fluids to safeguard you against various infections.

Skin damage or injury resulting from burns is discomforting and traumatic. Depending on the intensity of the heat, these injuries can be minor (such as sunburn, contact burn) or can indicate a life-threatening emergency (chemical burns, fire burns, electrical burns).

Ayurveda offers five simple yet effective remedies to cure burn injuries-

  1. Aloe Vera- This works wonders for any sort of skin injury, especially skin burns. Apply the pulp of Aloe Vera on the burn injury and the surrounding area. It will soothe the burnt skin without leaving dark patches or stains.
  2. Ghee- Ghee leaves your skin with a cooling sensation. Take barks of Bargad and Pipal trees, mash them into a pulp, add them to plain ghee and apply on the burnt area. Applying medicated ghee on the burns can help heal your injury faster.
  3. Coconut oil- Coconut oil is effective for minor burn injuries. Applying coconut oil before stepping out in the sun prevents sunburn and sun tan. You can add a few drops of honey to the coconut oil, and apply the mixture on your injury. Sesame oil can also be used as an alternative to coconut oil.
  4. Sandalwood powder and turmeric- These have anti-inflammatory properties. Prepare a herbal pack using basic ingredients like powdered sandalwood, turmeric, amla, etc. These possess anti-inflammatory, antibacterial properties that heal burn scars and eases pain. You can also pour in some rose water/milk to the pack to witness better results.
  5. Cucumber- Cucumber contains nutrients and vitamins that help in healing of wounds. These are used to cure various skin ailments, including burn injuries. Extract the juice out of cucumber slices. Apply the juice on the affected area, and leave it on for a few minutes. You will soon feel a cooling sensation on the burn site.

Ayurveda also recommends certain changes in the diet to promote quick healing. The burn marks become severe when the Bhrajak Pitta residing in your skin becomes aggravated. One should therefore stick to a diet that is soothing for such injuries. Spicy, acidic foods should strictly be avoided.

Dark Circles Under The Eyes - What You Can Do?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Kota
Dark Circles Under The Eyes - What You Can Do?

Under eye dark circles are a common appearance if you do not get the adequate hours of sleep or if you are subjected to stress over a prolonged period of time. However, if you notice the presence of under eye dark circles even after getting sufficient sleep, that might be a result of crater formation or swollen eyelids.

Causes of under eye dark circles

  1. Hereditary factors and constant exposure to the sun which might lead to an over-secretion of melanin (the pigment responsible for skin coloration).
  2. Dark circles might also occur if you randomly rub or scratch your eyes as an unconscious habit.
  3. Dark circles might also develop due to allergies or because of eczema (skin inflammation).
  4. Dark circles can also occur as a result of contact dermatitis (a condition wherein rashes develop accompanied by severe itching after coming in contact with a foreign substance).
  5. The gradual loosening of skin along with fats and collagen as you grow old can result in dark circles of reddish-blue hue.
  6. Excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol might also form dark circles under the eyes.

 Treatment for under eye dark circles

Under eye dark circles are not a serious medical condition and can be easily eliminated by means of the following procedures:

  1. In order to eradicate dark circles, you can opt for a procedure which combines aqua jet, glycolic peel (which helps to shed the affected skin in the under-eye region and initiate the natural reduction of the dark circles), microcurrent (which keeps the affected region duly hydrated) and associated home ingredients to strengthen the skin around your eyes.
  2. To prevent dark circles, you can also opt for a procedure which revitalizes the under-eye regions with the help of high platelet-containing plasma. The platelets help in the creation of collagen (the building block of the skin) that restores freshness of your skin. This procedure is completely safe as it is a natural one and does not come with any side effect.

Further recommendations

In addition to the aforementioned procedures, you can also use a serum containing soy and rice peptides, yeast protein, hyaluronic acid, and extracts from seaweed.

8 people found this helpful

Sunscreen - Know Importance Of It!

Dr. Kiran Lohia 85% (10 ratings)
MD
Dermatologist, Delhi
Sunscreen - Know Importance Of It!

We all think of sunscreen as something that goes into our vacation kit when heading out on a hike in the hills or to the beach. What we fear is being out in the sun can reduce fairness and/or case a tan, and a sunscreen will help maintain complexion.

This is a completely wrong notion. What we need to be aware of is that even the regular, daily sun exposure during driving or going to office can do as much damage if not more. The sunscreen, therefore, assumes a very important role in your daily personal care. Read on and find out more.

Relationship with skin cancer: Studies in the US have shown that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, and sun exposure is the leading cause of this. It is the regular exposure on a daily basis that cumulatively leads to this, rather than a one-day exposure minus the sunscreen. Using sunscreen on a regular, daily basis provides a good shield against skin cancer.

Slows down aging: The dry skin, wrinkles, sun spots, and dark circles on the skin are more a result of unprotected exposure to sun rather than just ageing. The sun is the most powerful agent that can lead to these effects and it is very essential to guard yourself against it.

While the general belief is that the sun is less harmful during cloudy days, it is not so. The ultraviolet rays of the sun filter through clouds and cause equal damage as they would during sunny summer days. Studies have shown that these rays which filter through the clouds are capable of continuing their accelerated ageing effects even after you have reached your homes. It is not just the amount of time you are actually out in the sun that counts. The collagen in the skin that gives it the firmness is damaged, leading to sagging and bagging. 

Using a sunscreen provides a shield against these harmful UV rays. Research has shown a 73% reduction in the invasive forms of skin cancer by using sunscreen on a regular basis.
It is popular belief that fair complexion is more affected by sun exposure. It is true that darker complexion has more melanocytes that increase the natural protection, but this does not ensure complete protection against the harmful ultraviolet rays.

After reading this, a sunscreen lotion with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more should find its way into your grooming kit.
 

16 people found this helpful

Rare Skin Conditions - Why You Must Be Aware Of Them?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Pune
Rare Skin Conditions - Why You Must Be Aware Of Them?

The biggest organ of the body, skin can also be plagued with diseases and problems unheard of apart from common skin conditions.

Here are some of the rare skin conditions that you must know of:

1 Argyria

This skin condition is characterized by blue or gray skin and develops due to ingestion or exposure to a large quantity of silver for a long period of time. This is a permanent skin problem without any known cure as of now. Causes for it can range from working in a sliver mine, developing photographs to consumption of silver supplements for curing a range of health problems such as diabetes, arthritis and so on. Apart from the toxicity caused by the exposure or ingestion of the element, a very common side effect of silver is a change in the color of your skin.



2 Dermatographia

A rare skin condition, a person suffering from this tends to have skin that is exceedingly sensitive to light scratches and minor injuries. This happens due to the hypersensitivity of the body's immune system, which reveals itself in the skin. As a consequence it brings about the release of huge quantity of histamine, leading to the dilation of capillaries and formation of swellings when the surface of the skin gets scratched. 

3 Harlequin Ichthyosis

Affecting newborns the most, the skin condition sees babies being born with hard and thick plates of skin all over their body. The condition renders newborns with the inability to control fluid and water loss, causing instances of severe dehydration. Newborns with this condition also experience trouble breathing, moving, controlling their body temperature as well as warding off infections. Many experts consider it to be a genetic disorder brought on by the mutation of the abca12 gene, leading to the improper development of the epidermis (outer layers of skin cells).

4 Xeroderma Pigmentosum

Over here, the individual is said to be sensitive to uv light, which makes him or her avoid sunlight whether direct or indirect and even florescent illumination. In addition to blisters on the skin and sunburn, symptoms of the condition also include dark and light skin patches. It can also cause your skin to become thin, resulting in the appearance of blood vessels and spots. Development of skin cancer is the final outcome of this skin condition.

5 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

This skin condition brings about the shedding and falling off of not only your skin but even the lining of your internal organs. The skin problem is closely associated with another form of skin disease called toxic epidermal necrolysis (ten). It is usually identified through blisters and painful rashes that develop on the skin surface.

Dark Circle: Avoid Standing Long Hours Under The Sun!

BAMS, Diploma In Emergency Medicine, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC)
Cosmetic Physician, Navi Mumbai
Dark Circle: Avoid Standing Long Hours Under The Sun!

Beautiful eyes speak a thousand words. They play a pivotal role in shaping up your overall personality. Your eyes can make or break things in life. But appearance of dark patches under eyes may play a spoilsport. They foil the beauty of your innocent eyes. It is not just lack of sleep or rest that causes these unwanted dark circles. Researchers have found out that a number of factors are responsible for under eye dark circles. Here are the common reasons behind dark circles:

  1. Aging: There are numerous blood vessels passing through the under eye region. As blood cells get clogged in these vessels, they give a blue black tinge to the region. Aging leads to the thinning of the skin under the eye. This makes the blood vessels more prominent and appears as dark circles.
  2. Hereditary factors: You can sometimes blame the bad genes for occurrence of dark circles. Nutritional deficiency: If you are not taking balanced diet, you may end up developing dark circles. Your body must get adequate supply of vitamins A, C, K and E to prevent dark circles.
  3. Insufficient Sleep: Lack of proper rest and sleep turns the skin under the eyes pale. Therefore, the blood in the veins becomes more prominent, causing dark circles.
  4. Smoking and alcohol: The intake of alcohol or indulging in smoking can lead to dehydration of the body and thus lead to dark circles.
  5. Long hours under the sun: Your skin under the eyes gets damaged by the UV rays from sunlight. Moreover, spending long hours under sun triggers the excess production of melanin pigment. This gives a darker shade to the region beneath your eyes.
  6. Pregnancy and menstruation: A woman's skin is largely affected by the hormonal influences at the time of pregnancy or menstruation. The hormonal changes during these periods lead to darkening of the under-eye area
  7. Diseases: Researchers have found that certain diseases linked to the liver or anaemia often causes dark circles under the eye.
  8. Allergies: The colour of the under eye region often changes due to certain allergic reactions and subsequent scratching or rubbing of the area.

A holistic approach to remove dark circles combines chemical peels, microcurrent therapy and homecare solutions. Chemical peels break apart the dead cell layer and bring fresher skin to the surface, reducing pigmentation around the eyes. Microcurrent makes the under-eye area firmer while also supplying it with additional hydration. To maximize these results, a customized homecare regime is drawn up to suit your skin's specific needs.

Further, under guidance of a Cosmetic physician or dermatologist, changes in lifestyle and homecare regime ensure that you enjoy long-lasting results. With this approach, your eyes lose their tired look and are completely refreshed. This effectively reduces pigmentation around eyes and ensures that your eyes remain sparkling fresh as long as you want.

5055 people found this helpful

Sunscreen - Why Should You Use It Daily?

Dr. Abhinav Singh 83% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Venereology, & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Noida
Sunscreen - Why Should You Use It Daily?

We all think of sunscreen as something that goes into our vacation kit when heading out on a hike in the hills or to the beach. What we fear is being out in the sun can reduce fairness and/or case a tan, and a sunscreen will help maintain complexion.

This is a completely wrong notion. What we need to be aware of is that even the regular, daily sun exposure during driving or going to office can do as much damage if not more. The sunscreen, therefore, assumes a very important role in your daily personal care. Read on and find out more.

Relationship with skin cancer: Studies in the US have shown that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, and sun exposure is the leading cause of this. It is the regular exposure on a daily basis that cumulatively leads to this, rather than a one-day exposure minus the sunscreen. Using sunscreen on a regular, daily basis provides a good shield against skin cancer.

Slows down aging: The dry skin, wrinkles, sun spots, and dark circles on the skin are more a result of unprotected exposure to sun rather than just ageing. The sun is the most powerful agent that can lead to these effects and it is very essential to guard yourself against it.

While the general belief is that the sun is less harmful during cloudy days, it is not so. The ultraviolet rays of the sun filter through clouds and cause equal damage as they would during sunny summer days. Studies have shown that these rays which filter through the clouds are capable of continuing their accelerated ageing effects even after you have reached your homes. It is not just the amount of time you are actually out in the sun that counts. The collagen in the skin that gives it the firmness is damaged, leading to sagging and bagging. 

Using a sunscreen provides a shield against these harmful UV rays. Research has shown a 73% reduction in the invasive forms of skin cancer by using sunscreen on a regular basis.

It is popular belief that fair complexion is more affected by sun exposure. It is true that darker complexion has more melanocytes that increase the natural protection, but this does not ensure complete protection against the harmful ultraviolet rays.

After reading this, a sunscreen lotion with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more should find its way into your grooming kit.

3776 people found this helpful
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