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Cystic Fibrosis Health Feed

Cystic Fibrosis - How To Get Rid Of It?

Dr.Mool Chand Gupta 93% (37138ratings)
MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Cystic Fibrosis - How To Get Rid Of It?

Do you know about a condition called cystic fibrosis that makes your baby’s skin taste very salty after birth? The condition changes over time, in which the body makes sweat and mucus, and also affects the digestive system and lung functioning. The condition generally occurs because of a flawed gene. This is a severe and life-threatening disease that affects different people in different ways.

Causes
The gene, called CTFR is present in all humans. It makes a protein that controls the amount of water and salt, which get moved in and out of your cells. In the case of cystic fibroids, the CTFR gene is broken. This happens when a person inherits two bad copies of this specific gene. One bad CFTR gene may cause your cells to make the wrong or imbalanced amount of water and salt. Because of this, your body becomes unable to get the supply of sufficient nutrients and oxygen that are lost through sweating.

Symptoms
There are several symptoms associated with cystic fibroids that include the following:

  1. It is likely for you to cough up thin mucus, along with shortness of breath, and wheezing.
  2. The development of polyps in your nose is indicated.
  3. Sinus infections, pneumonia, or bronchitis may occur.
  4. Your stool may be oily, bulky, and with a foul odor.
  5. Liver diseases and gallstones may develop later in life because of cystic fibroids.

Treatment
There is no certain treatment for cystic fibroids. However, there are various treatment procedures that are used for providing relief to the symptoms of the condition. This allows an affected patient to breathe easily, feel better, and experience lesser stomach infections. You can opt for an airway clearance technique that helps you with your breathing. The procedure involves the clearance of mucus from your lungs. This procedure is carried out in several ways and special devices may be used during the proceedings.

  • Certain inhaled drugs like steroids, salt solutions, and antibiotics are used for thinning your mucus layers, and for clearing lung infections.
  • If your pancreas do not work properly, you may be prescribed enzyme pills for the digestion of fats and protein, and for the absorption of more nutrients from the food you consume.
  • You may also be prescribed vitamin A, D, and E supplements for getting these nutrients, which are not being absorbed by your intestine.
  • You must consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of cystic fibrosis in your baby. This will allow the condition to be diagnosed at an early stage, thereby preventing further worsening.
3403 people found this helpful

7 Symptoms Of Cystic Fibrosis And Its Treatment!

Dr.Samadarshi Datta 91% (57ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
7 Symptoms Of Cystic Fibrosis And Its Treatment!

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition, which primarily affects the lungs and persistence of this condition might lead to severe breathing problems and loss of lung function. If you have inherited two copies of the defective gene from your parents, you are likely to suffer from this disease. Cystic Fibrosis causes a buildup of thick mucus in your lungs and affects other organs such as the kidneys, pancreas and the intestines in your body.

It isn't very uncommon as one out of fifty people in Asia is a carrier of this disease. The disease gets its name from the cysts formed in the pancreas of the sufferer. However, this disease can be detected by testing the quantity of salt present in your sweat. Prenatal testing for Fibrosis is another method to test if your newborn is likely to contract a lung infection.

Complications faced due to cystic fibrosis include:

  1. Serious sinus infections
  2. Serious damage in lungs due to inflammation and incessant infection
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Complication in breaking down protein
  5. Respiratory tract contamination

If you observe one or more of the following symptoms, you might be suffering from Cystic Fibrosis:

  1. Salty-tasting skin
  2. Bowel obstruction caused due to meconium ileus (obstruction of the bowels)
  3. Mucus amiss in your alveoli
  4. Persistent coughing with phlegm discharge
  5. Shortness of breath while engaging in a physical task
  6. Stunted or measly growth despite healthy lifestyle habits
  7. Infertility in males

If you're suffering from cystic fibrosis, there isn't any particular treatment which is recommended due to the varying degrees of it found in people. However, consultation with a medical practitioner and an individualised treatment plan can help you minimise the risks and lead a better life.

Some therapies you can opt for are:

  • Airway clearance: This therapy helps sift the thick layer of mucus around your organs. Some people have also chosen to use the inflatable vest which vibrates around your chest, thereby, thinning and loosening the layer of mucus.
  • Inhaled medicines: Another breakthrough in the field of respiratory medicine, this method requires the patient to sniff a liquid consisting of mist, which is inhaled with the aid of a nebuliser. This method is known to be beneficial for opening airways.
  • Pancreatic enzyme supplements: Along with multivitamins, these specially designed supplements are known to cater to your pancreas with the much-needed nutrients and they need to be consumed with every meal.
2150 people found this helpful

Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency - What Causes It?

Dr.Dinesh Ramaswamy 92% (22ratings)
M.Ch ( Surgical gastroenterology), M.S, Diplomate Of National Board
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Chennai
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency - What Causes It?

Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI), also called pancreatic deficiency, is a disorder where the pancreas is unable to produce the sufficient amount of enzymes that are required to digest food. The pancreatic enzymes help to break down and absorb nutrients from the food in the small intestine. So, this disease causes nutritional deficiencies.

Causes of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

This condition is generally caused as a complication of other diseases because EPI develops only as a result of severe damage to the pancreas. The following reasons can cause EPI:

1.        Inflammation of the pancreas
After surgery in the pancreas, stomach or the intestines, there may be inflammation in the pancreas as a post-surgical complication. A high content of triglyceride fat in the blood can also cause pancreatic inflammation and hinder the secretion of the enzymes.

2.        Chronic Pancreatitis
In this disease, the pancreatic ducts are swollen and blocked and so the digestive enzymes cannot be passed into the small intestine. This condition is often caused by a heavy consumption of alcohol.

3.        Cystic Fibrosis
The digestive fluids and enzymes become thick and sticky and block the passageways of the pancreas and other organs like the lungs and the kidneys. This can obstruct secretion and passage of enzymes afterwards.

4.        Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome
This is an autosomal recessive genetic condition where enzyme-producing pancreatic cells are not formed properly. This rare disorder causes a number of associated disorders like bone marrow diseases, skeletal defects and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

Symptoms of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

The symptoms appear in the middle stages of the disease when the process of absorption of nutrients has already been affected. The common warning signs are:

1. Digestive problems like gas, diarrhea and indigestion because the food remains mostly undigested.
2. Severe and frequent stomach pain in the lower abdominal region
3. Greasy stools due to the excretion of undigested fat
4. Rapid loss of weight and body mass due to mal-absorption of nutrients
5. Constantly feeling bloated and full even if you have not eaten anything
6. A general sense of fatigue and exhaustion
7. Excessive bleeding from small wounds because protein deficiencies hamper blood clotting
8. Pain in the muscles and bones
9. Increased susceptibility to infections of the body systems
10.Anemia
11.Joint pains
12.Abnormal swelling of the limbs or edema
 

3299 people found this helpful

Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency - What Are The Signs Of It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DM (Gastroenterology)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency - What Are The Signs Of It?

Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI), also called pancreatic deficiency, is a disorder where the pancreas is unable to produce the sufficient amount of enzymes that are required to digest food. The pancreatic enzymes help to break down and absorb nutrients from the food in the small intestine. So, this disease causes nutritional deficiencies.

Causes of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

This condition is generally caused as a complication of other diseases because EPI develops only as a result of severe damage to the pancreas. The following reasons can cause EPI:

1.        Inflammation of the pancreas
After surgery in the pancreas, stomach or the intestines, there may be inflammation in the pancreas as a post-surgical complication. A high content of triglyceride fat in the blood can also cause pancreatic inflammation and hinder the secretion of the enzymes.

2.        Chronic Pancreatitis
In this disease, the pancreatic ducts are swollen and blocked and so the digestive enzymes cannot be passed into the small intestine. This condition is often caused by a heavy consumption of alcohol.

3.        Cystic Fibrosis
The digestive fluids and enzymes become thick and sticky and block the passageways of the pancreas and other organs like the lungs and the kidneys. This can obstruct secretion and passage of enzymes afterwards.

4.        Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome
This is an autosomal recessive genetic condition where enzyme-producing pancreatic cells are not formed properly. This rare disorder causes a number of associated disorders like bone marrow diseases, skeletal defects and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

Symptoms of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

The symptoms appear in the middle stages of the disease when the process of absorption of nutrients has already been affected. The common warning signs are:

1.        Digestive problems like gas, diarrhea and indigestion because the food remains mostly undigested.
2.        Severe and frequent stomach pain in the lower abdominal region
3.        Greasy stools due to the excretion of undigested fat
4.        Rapid loss of weight and body mass due to mal-absorption of nutrients
5.        Constantly feeling bloated and full even if you have not eaten anything
6.        A general sense of fatigue and exhaustion
7.        Excessive bleeding from small wounds because protein deficiencies hamper blood clotting
8.        Pain in the muscles and bones
9.        Increased susceptibility to infections of the body systems
10.        Anemia
11.        Joint pains
12.        Abnormal swelling of the limbs or edema
 

2917 people found this helpful

Cystic Fibrosis: Everything You Need To Know!

Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery, M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery
Pulmonologist, Hyderabad
Cystic Fibrosis: Everything You Need To Know!

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition, which primarily affects the lungs and persistence of this condition might lead to severe breathing problems and loss of lung function. If you have inherited two copies of the defective gene from your parents, you are likely to suffer from this disease. Cystic Fibrosis causes a buildup of thick mucus in your lungs and affects other organs such as the kidneys, pancreas and the intestines in your body.

It isn't very uncommon as one out of fifty people in Asia is a carrier of this disease. The disease gets its name from the cysts formed in the pancreas of the sufferer. However, this disease can be detected by testing the quantity of salt present in your sweat. Prenatal testing for Fibrosis is another method to test if your newborn is likely to contract a lung infection.

Complications faced due to cystic fibrosis include:

  1. Serious sinus infections
  2. Serious damage in lungs due to inflammation and incessant infection
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Complication in breaking down protein
  5. Respiratory tract contamination

If you observe one or more of the following symptoms, you might be suffering from Cystic Fibrosis:

  1. Salty-tasting skin
  2. Bowel obstruction caused due to meconium ileus (obstruction of the bowels)
  3. Mucus amiss in your alveoli
  4. Persistent coughing with phlegm discharge
  5. Shortness of breath while engaging in a physical task
  6. Stunted or measly growth despite healthy lifestyle habits
  7. Infertility in males

If you're suffering from cystic fibrosis, there isn't any particular treatment which is recommended due to the varying degrees of it found in people. However, consultation with a medical practitioner and an individualised treatment plan can help you minimise the risks and lead a better life.

Some therapies you can opt for are:

  • Airway clearance: This therapy helps sift the thick layer of mucus around your organs. Some people have also chosen to use the inflatable vest which vibrates around your chest, thereby, thinning and loosening the layer of mucus.
  • Inhaled medicines: Another breakthrough in the field of respiratory medicine, this method requires the patient to sniff a liquid consisting of mist, which is inhaled with the aid of a nebuliser. This method is known to be beneficial for opening airways.
  • Pancreatic enzyme supplements: Along with multivitamins, these specially designed supplements are known to cater to your pancreas with the much-needed nutrients and they need to be consumed with every meal.
3552 people found this helpful

Cystic Fibrosis- Causes and Symptoms!

Dr.Rakesh Sharma 90% (30ratings)
DDF, FCCP, MD , MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Cystic Fibrosis- Causes and Symptoms!

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that is known to affect some of the vital organs of the body including the lungs, digestive system to name a few. For long it was believed that cystic fibrosis affects a person in their childhood. However, various research and studies suggest that adults are also susceptible to this inheritable disorder. In this article, we will discuss the cause and symptoms associated with cystic fibrosis.

Cause
The epithelial cells that line the stomach, nasal cavity and lungs, are responsible for the production of the digestive fluids, sweat, tears, mucus. The Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene codes for a protein called the CFTR protein. The CFTR protein, a membrane protein plays a pivotal role in transporting the chloride ions of the epithelial cells inside and out of the cell. This regulation of the chloride ions goes a long way in ensuring that the mucus produced is free-flowing and thin.

In the case of Cystic Fibrosis, the CFTR gene that codes for the protein undergoes a mutation. With the CFTR protein unable to perform its function, sticky and thick mucus builds up and clogs some of the major systems of the body including the digestive system, reproductive, and respiratory system. There is also a higher salt content in the sweat of the affected person.

For a person to be affected by cystic fibrosis, he/she must inherit a copy of the mutated CFTR gene from both the parents ( Autosomal Recessive Disorder) at birth.

Symptoms
The symptoms associated with cystic fibrosis depends on the organs and systems affected.

  1. The thick mucus formed can clog the digestive tract resulting in incomplete absorption of the essential nutrients from the food. This may have an impact on the overall growth and development of the body.
    • - There may be stunted growth or no weight gain.
    • - The stool may appear greasy and foul smelling. Some may also suffer from constipation.
    • - Newborns and infants may suffer from an intestinal blockage.
  2. Cystic fibrosis, left unattended can lead to diabetes, intestinal blockage or obstruction.
    • - The mucus can also block the bile duct triggering a host of problems including liver disorders.
    • - At times, the obstruction or blockage can occur at the junction where the large and the small intestine meets (Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome).
  3. The thick mucus can also affect the lungs and the respiratory system by blocking the tubes that act as a passage carrying the air inside and out of the lungs. As a result,
    • - A person may suffer from lung infections frequently.
    • - There may be difficulty in breathing, stuffy and blocked nose, or wheezing.
    • - Some people may also suffer from a chronic cough with a thick sputum.

Left untreated the complications can worsen resulting in

Nasal polyps, Chronic infections, Hemoptysis (there is blood while coughing), and Pneumothorax (air fills up in the space bifurcates the chest wall from the lungs).

In severe cases, there may be a respiratory failure.

Cystic fibrosis can also trigger fertility problems (both in males and females).

3600 people found this helpful

Treatment of Cystic fibrosis!

Dr.Radhika A (Md) 89% (13ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Cystic fibrosis!

Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Homeopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Psychotherapy Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Surgical Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
Other Treatment of Cystic fibrosis
What is Cystic fibrosis
Symptoms of Cystic fibrosis
Causes of Cystic fibrosis
Risk factors of Cystic fibrosis
Complications of Cystic fibrosis
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis
Precautions & Prevention of Cystic fibrosis

Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Homeopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Homeopathy helps in getting healthy lung tissue and improvement in complaints like breathing difficulty, cough etc. Homeopathic treatment for cystic fibrosis helps the individual to feel better. It helps in reducing pain. Some of the homeopathic remedies for cystic fibrosis are:

Thuja
Calc
Silicea
Sang

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Acupuncture may help stimulate respiratory function, and improve immunity against infections in cystic fibrosis suffers. It involves inserting fine needles into specific points on the body.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Some children with cystic fibrosis experience severe anxiety and depression. Different forms of psychotherapy and hypnotherapy are used to help children, including psychodynamic therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy and play therapy.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Allopathic Treatment of Cystic fibrosis involves the following medications:

Antibiotics
Mucus-thinning drugs
Bronchodilators

Surgical Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Surgical Treatment of Cystic fibrosis involves the following surgeries:

Lung transplant
Bowel surgery
Feeding tube

 Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Drink lots of fluids
Take high-calorie nutrition
Add seaweed and nutritional yeast to your diet
Avoid refined sugar
Avoid animal origin products
Other Treatment of Cystic fibrosis

Regular exercise helps loosen mucus in your airways and strengthens your heart and lungs.

What is Cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that causes severe lung damage and nutritional deficiencies. It causes your mucus to be thick and sticky.

Symptoms of Cystic fibrosis

Persistent cough
Wheezing
Repeated lung infections
Repeated sinus infections
Belly pain from severe constipation
Foul-smelling, greasy stools
Delayed growth
Loss of appetite
Shortness of breath
Causes of Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a defective gene which causes the body to produce abnormally thick and sticky fluid, called mucus. This collection of sticky mucus results in life-threatening lung infections and serious digestion problems. The disease may also affect the sweat glands and a man’s reproductive system.

Risk factors of Cystic fibrosis

Family history
Common in white people of northern European ancestry

Complications of Cystic fibrosis

Chronic infections
Collapsed lung
Bronchiectasis
Respiratory failure
Nasal polyps
Nutritional deficiencies
Osteoporosis
Electrolyte imbalances
Diabetes
Rectal prolapsed
Blocked bile duct

Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis

Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis involves the following tests:

Newborn screening test
Sweat test
Sputum tests
Genetic testing
Organ function tests
X-rays
CT scans and MRI
Lung function tests

Precautions & Prevention of Cystic fibrosis

There is no prevention for cystic fibrosis, but treatments can ease symptoms and reduce complications.

3 people found this helpful

Cystic Fibrosis - Therapies That You Can Go For!

Dr.Gurmeet Singh Chabbra 89% (65ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Chest & TB
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Cystic Fibrosis - Therapies That You Can Go For!

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition, which primarily affects the lungs and persistence of this condition might lead to severe breathing problems and loss of lung function. If you have inherited two copies of the defective gene from your parents, you are likely to suffer from this disease. Cystic Fibrosis causes a buildup of thick mucus in your lungs and affects other organs such as the kidneys, pancreas and the intestines in your body.

It isn't very uncommon as one out of fifty people in Asia is a carrier of this disease. The disease gets its name from the cysts formed in the pancreas of the sufferer. However, this disease can be detected by testing the quantity of salt present in your sweat. Prenatal testing for Fibrosis is another method to test if your newborn is likely to contract a lung infection.

Complications faced due to cystic fibrosis include:

  1. Serious sinus infections
  2. Serious damage in lungs due to inflammation and incessant infection
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Complication in breaking down protein
  5. Respiratory tract contamination

If you observe one or more of the following symptoms, you might be suffering from Cystic Fibrosis:

  1. Salty-tasting skin
  2. Bowel obstruction caused due to meconium ileus (obstruction of the bowels)
  3. Persistent coughing with phlegm discharge
  4. Shortness of breath while engaging in a physical task
  5. Stunted or measly growth despite healthy lifestyle habits
  6. Infertility in males

If you're suffering from cystic fibrosis, there isn't any particular treatment which is recommended due to the varying degrees of it found in people. However, consultation with a medical practitioner and an individualised treatment plan can help you minimise the risks and lead a better life.

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis can be made by measuring the quality of salt i.e. the amount of chloride in your sweat (sweat chloride test). Genetic testing for CFTR gene mutation detection can also be done at specialized centres. 

Some therapies you can opt for are:

  • Airway clearance: This therapy helps sift the thick layer of mucus around your organs. Some people have also chosen to use the inflatable vest which vibrates around your chest, thereby, thinning and loosening the layer of mucus.
  • Inhaled medicines: Another breakthrough in the field of respiratory medicine, this method requires the patient to sniff a liquid consisting of mist, which is inhaled with the aid of a nebuliser. This method is known to be beneficial for opening airways.
  • Pancreatic enzyme supplements: Along with multivitamins, these specially designed supplements are known to cater to your pancreas with the much-needed nutrients and they need to be consumed with every meal.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2606 people found this helpful

5 Strange Signs You Must Know About Cystic Fibrosis!

Dr.Danish Jamal 88% (75ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
5 Strange Signs You Must Know About Cystic Fibrosis!

Do you know about a condition called cystic fibrosis that makes your baby’s skin taste very salty after birth? The condition changes over time, in which the body makes sweat and mucus, and also affects the digestive system and lung functioning. The condition generally occurs because of a flawed gene. This is a severe and life-threatening disease that affects different people in different ways.

Causes
The gene, called CTFR is present in all humans. It makes a protein that controls the amount of water and salt, which get moved in and out of your cells. In the case of cystic fibroids, the CTFR gene is broken. This happens when a person inherits two bad copies of this specific gene. One bad CFTR gene may cause your cells to make the wrong or imbalanced amount of water and salt. Because of this, your body becomes unable to get the supply of sufficient nutrients and oxygen that are lost through sweating.

Symptoms
There are several symptoms associated with cystic fibroids that include the following:

  1. It is likely for you to cough up thin mucus, along with shortness of breath, and wheezing.
  2. The development of polyps in your nose is indicated.
  3. Sinus infections, pneumonia, or bronchitis may occur.
  4. Your stool may be oily, bulky, and with a foul odor.
  5. Liver diseases and gallstones may develop later in life because of cystic fibroids.

Treatment
There is no certain treatment for cystic fibroids. However, there are various treatment procedures that are used for providing relief to the symptoms of the condition. This allows an affected patient to breathe easily, feel better, and experience lesser stomach infections. You can opt for airway clearance technique that helps you with your breathing. The procedure involves the clearance of mucus from your lungs. This procedure is carried out in several ways and special devices may be used during the proceedings.

  • Certain inhaled drugs like steroids, salt solutions, and antibiotics are used for thinning your mucus layers, and for clearing lung infections.
  • If your pancreas do not work properly, you may be prescribed enzyme pills for the digestion of fats and protein, and for the absorption of more nutrients from the food you consume.
  • You may also be prescribed vitamin A, D, and E supplements for getting these nutrients, which are not being absorbed by your intestine.
  • You must consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of cystic fibrosis in your baby. This will allow the condition to be diagnosed at an early stage, thereby preventing further worsening.
1979 people found this helpful

I am 28 years male. My Fibro scan results are as follows: CAP (dB/m)-median 381 E (kPa)-Median 5 IQR .5 IQR/med 10% what do these result indicate?

Dr.Sajeev Kumar 93% (39810ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
I am 28 years male. My Fibro scan results are as follows:
CAP (dB/m)-median 381
E (kPa)-Median 5
IQR .5
IQR/med 10%
w...
FibroScan results range from 2.5 kPa to 75 kPa. Between 90–95% of healthy people without liver disease will have a liver scarring measurement <7.0 kPa (median is 5.3 kPa. YOur result is high and need to Assessed with general check up.
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