Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentrate of platelet-rich plasma protein derived from whole blood, centrifuged to remove red blood cells. It has a greater concentration of growth factors and other cytokines that can stimulate healing of soft tissue and joints. The concentration of growth factors can be 5 to 10 times greater (or richer) than whole blood and has been used to encourage a brisk healing response across several specialities, in particular dentistry, orthopaedics and dermatology. Once this is accomplished, the concentrated platelets are re-injected into the damaged area like the knees, elbows, shoulders, hips and even Achilles tendons.
PRP therapy is a relatively new procedure - It was first developed in the 1970s and first used in Italy in 1987 in an open heart surgery procedure, but scientific and medical research shows that it is safe to perform. Because of that, it’s steadfastly on its way to becoming the primary means of treatment in many different medical fields such as cosmetic surgery, dentistry, sports medicine and pain management, most commonly treating hair loss (and other things, like injuries). Platelet Rich Plasma Treatment is frequently called stem cell treatment due to the fact that it behaves as bringing in cells from a person’s own body, which can then actually differentiate into either tendon, cartilage, or ligament cells.
Use of PRP in Dermatology
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) helps you harness the natural aesthetic powers of your own platelets to augment your facial rejuvenation. When done properly, PRP creates impressive results both as an isolated procedure or when incorporated into a treatment plan with hyaluronic acid fillers, neuromodulators, volume restoration and technology. The major advantage is it can be done in the clinician's office and produces virtually no downtime in the treatment of wrinkles, melasma, and acne scars. Exceptionally, there is some downtime when it is used to treat the lower eyelids. The aesthetic benefits it generates are dramatic!
Skin Rejuvenation and Ageing
The goal of PRP skin rejuvenation therapy is to improve skin tone and texture, tighten skin, and soften lines and pores. The PRP, injected into specific areas of the skin, act as a matrix that promotes your own collagen to grow, regenerates tissue, and thus acts as to naturally smooth and tighten the skin. Results begin to show 3-4 weeks after the treatment session and continue to improve with time. Three treatment sessions are generally recommended, spaced 1-2 months apart, to achieve the best outcome. In this way, PRP softens wrinkles and creating smoother skin texture and tone, thus making you look younger!
Acne, Scar and Ulcer Treatment
PRP is used to correct pitted acne scars on the skin. You may have heard about this acne scar treatment technique, which is also known as the “Vampire Facial,” as it has gained popularity amongst celebrities and beauty insiders. Once the platelet-rich blood is injected into sites on the face with acne scars, the concentrated platelets release a host of beneficial growth factors that help to promote healing and stimulate regrowth of collagen and elastin. PRP can also be used as an adjuvant for improving the viability of grafts for the treatment of recalcitrant ulcers, with good results.
PRP might not be a panacea or universal cure, but it could turn out to be a miracle treatment nonetheless!
Dermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure to resurface the uppermost layer of the skin which contains dirt and dead cells. This cosmetic procedure is suggested to the patients with fine lines, patches, scars, or pores. The procedure is done by using a rolling device which is rolled on the skin and the dirt or dead layer is removed.
While undergoing the dermabrasion procedure, the doctors will numb your skin area. You can also be given general anaesthesia depending upon the length and complication of the procedure. The skin looks pink and sensitive for a week after the treatment. This treatment can be suggested along with other cosmetic procedure as well.
Dermabrasion is done to correct the skin defects like:
● The appearance of fine lines
● Resurfacing the dull skin and dead cells
● Smoothening of skin
● Lightening the scars due to surgery and acne
● Lightening and brightening of patches and other marks on the face
● Uneven skin tone
● To treat damaged and red skin
Dermabrasion helps in skin problems which are not due to inflammation and radiation. However, if you have swollen skin, inflamed pores, and radiation pores, then dermabrasion will not be suggested by your doctor.
Dermabrasion can cause following mentioned side effects:
● Redness and swelling in the skin are common after the procedure. These symptoms will decrease within a week.
● Enlarged pores are also a common side effect of dermabrasion. Since the upper layer of the skin is removed, the simulated skin leaves the pores enlarged. Your doctor will recommend some medicines for the
● You will notice tiny white bumps like acne. These will usually disappear within three or four days.
Everybody’s skin reaction is different to Dermabrasion. Very rarely, dermabrasion defects the skin after a treatment. But you should follow the doctor’s instructions to avoid bacterial infection or scarring. If dermabrasion is done deeply, it may lead to some skin reactions, which will slowly decrease with the doctors prescribed treatment. You will be called for the appointment soon after treatment.
When Are You Suggested Dermabrasion?
Not everybody is suggested for dermabrasion. If you are on some skin medication like thinning of skin or steroids, you will not be suggested for dermabrasion by your doctor. It is recommended by the doctor only after:
Physical examination: Physical exams are conducted by the cosmetic doctor to look into your skin conditions. They also look for the thickness in the skin and the affected area. If the problem can be treated with medicines and creams, then dermabrasion is denied.
Medical history: Complete study of medical history is important for the doctor before undergoing for dermabrasion. They may ask you some questions pertaining to the medical conditions in the past and in the family.
Condition of the skin: Doctors do not suggest dermabrasion on the first visit. The first criteria of the doctors is to make your skin ready for the procedure. This is done by looking into the problems, listening to your expectations, and examining the affected area of the skin.
With the growing importance of how a person looks, everybody is obsessed with trying to look younger and prettier. Skin that is flawless, glowing, and clear is not just something celebrities want but is every person’s dream. It is no wonder that the cosmetic industry has grown by leaps and bounds in terms of technology and chemical based treatments.
Talking of cosmetic skin treatments, two of the most common methods are chemical peels and microdermabrasion. Read on to know about these skin exfoliation techniques.
The skin has multiple layers, and with constant exposure to the environment, the top layers are constantly exposed to pollution and dust and sunlight. This makes the skin very dull and weary. There are also dead cells on the top, which need to be removed so that fresh cells from the underlying layers surface up to give the skin a fresh, glowing look. This is known as skin exfoliation.
Due to various reasons, when skin does not repair naturally, the role of chemical peels comes in play. This helps in removing these top layers, thus, in turn, removing the rough, dry layers and giving the skin, a good texture.
What is done?
This is a physical exfoliation technique, in that the top layers are manually cleared of debris and dead cells. This produces instant results, but cannot be used in acute cases where the skin is inflamed or sensitive.
What is done?
While both are well-proven techniques for exfoliation, the treatment option is decided by the doctor by consulting the patient. Each person’s response to such treatments is different, so choose the treatment that will be most beneficial and effective for you.
With every passing day, your skin gets exposed to various external factors. Whenever we go outside, pollution, sun rays and other harmful agents have a negative effect on your skin. Therefore, people go through various medical and cosmetic treatments so that they can retain back their original skin. One such aesthetic treatment is the process of Microdermabrasion. It is a very popular method nowadays and has been conducted upon thousands.
Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical and non-chemical method which uses a spray of microcrystals, resulting in the removal of the outer layer of dry, dead skin cells. It helps to reveal the younger and fresh side of the skin. The process also encourages the growth of new skin layer which has high levels of collagen and elastin. Microdermabrasion is a much gentler in nature and therefore it is more preferable. The process helps to ensure that the dead and bleak skin cells are taken off and a new layer is visible.
Risks and Benefits
Every aesthetic procedure has their own share of risks and benefits. Similarly, Microdermabrasion has it's too. The process helps to reduce and eliminate wrinkles, facial lines, acne scars and other agents of aging effectively. Rejuvenates the skin and makes it to look younger and fresh. The method uses non-allergic crystals, which is thus suitable for even those who are sensitive to different chemicals. However, some people may experience slight itchiness and irritation after the process has been completed. But the symptoms tend to go away within a few days.
Cost and other details
The cost of microdermabrasion depends upon a lot of things like experience of the doctor, what levels of treatment will be needed, quality of the treatment etc. However on an average cost of Rs. 2000 to Rs. 5000 should be expected. The method does not involve any kind of pain but the patients can feel certain warmness over the skin when the crystals peel off the old, dead skin cells and bring out the new layer.
Being a non-surgical process it does not involve any kind of recovery period. Microdermabrasion is thus, also known as “Lunch hour” treatment because it can be completed within a few minutes. If you have read the article then this. You now know what are the various aspects and details about microdermabrasion. However, it is always recommended that you consult your doctor/dermatologist/ cosmetologist/ aesthetic physician before you opt for the treatment.
Collagen Induction Therapy or CIT is micro needling or medical skin needling technique that is minimally-invasive in nature. This technique can successfully rejuvenate the skin which is suffering from wrinkles, lines, scars etc. As the name suggests, the treatment utilizes a needle to puncture the skin. At times, doctors might use local anesthesia to avoid minor discomfort.
Who is a good candidate for collagen induction therapy?
There are no pre-requisites of the treatment. Just like other cosmetic treatments, it is necessary to keep the expectation realistic and maintain general health. Unlike some laser and chemical peel based treatments, collagen therapy is suitable for any types of skin. The following conditions make an individual a very good candidate for collagen therapy:
Although, there are hardly any side effects; in some cases, people may experience:
If you experience any of the above, the same can be addressed by the doctor.
What are the three phases of treatment?
How is the procedure performed?
The whole procedure takes around half-an-hour to perform. It is done using an instrument known as the Derma pen. Small facial areas are punctured with the help of the tool. Needling is done with derma roller or derma per along with some serums are infused into the skin to get the desired effect.
What to expect after the therapy?
The skin might turn pink because of the puncturing. It is not uncommon to experience a little bruising. It takes about six-eight weeks for the new skin to arrive and make its presence felt. Typically, it requires around three-four sitting to achieve the maximum result.
Almost everyone wants their skin to look healthy, rejuvenated and fairer. From home remedies to medical and cosmetic assistance, people try everything under the sun to improve their skin tone. Any discussion about skin whitening is incomplete without the mention of glutathione. Often referred to as the "Mother of all antioxidants", glutathione, a tripeptide comprising of the three amino acids- glycine, cysteine, and glutamine, also comes with detoxifying and anti-aging properties, and are extensively being used in the cosmetic industry.
Glutathione as a skin whitening agent-
The pigment responsible for one's skin color is Melanin. The enzyme Tyrosinase plays a pivotal role in the synthesis of this pigment. In case of a darker complexion or an uneven skin, there is also an elevated production of Eumelanin (a pigment responsible for imparting the dark brown color). Glutathione goes a long way to inhibit the activity of the Tyrosinase enzyme which, in turn, slows down the production of melanin. Further, the antioxidant is also responsible for an increased conversion of Eumelanin to Pheomelanin (responsible for imparting the yellow-red color), thereby lightening the skin tone significantly.
Glutathione, being a naturally occurring antioxidant also functions as a free radical scavenger protecting the skin from oxidative damage and the deleterious effects of the free radicals such as accelerated skin aging, wrinkles, saggy and tired looking skin, to name a few. There are specialized clinics and cosmetic centers that use glutathione as an active ingredient in a host of skin treatments including chemical peels. In most of the cases, glutathione is used in an injectable form (Glutathione Injections) to ensure its better absorption in the body They are also available in topical forms.
Some of the side effects of glutathione-
The use of glutathione should be under expert guidance. People with asthma should specifically refrain from using Glutathione (be it in oral or injectable form). Elevated use of glutathione for long can also lower the level of zinc in the body and may trigger kidney, thyroid dysfunctions and peptic ulcers.
Factors that influence the glutathione level in the body-
The level of Glutathione in our bodies can be affected by several factors some of which include
It should be restricted in patients having altered Liver functions.
Dermabrasion is a skin related treatment used by cosmetic surgeons and dermatologists to cure a number of ailments that may leave your skin looking less than healthy. This method basically employs a technique that removes the upper layers of your skin with the help of a rough edged diamond wheel or a wire brush. These edges are called a burr or a fraise.
Here is everything you need to know about the procedure as well as the results that it can yield:
Cutaneous vascular lesions are the most common birthmarks found in children. Flat vascular lesions have a tendency to persist, but raised vascular lesions, called hemangiomas may involute gradually. They are the result of several or huge vessels that are formed underneath the skin and can lead to complications like pain, bleeding, cosmesis or disfigurement. It is necessary to seek treatment for both medical and cosmetic reasons.
Cutaneous vascular malformations are best treated by laser surgery and it is effective sometimes for cosmetic reasons. Hemangiomas may need surgery for residual lesions after involution of the lesion. Use of laser surgery, successfully can help in eliminating certain targets (chromophores) within your skin by putting into use the beam of requisite wavelength, energy setting and pulse duration. Initially these caused serious side-effects like scarring of the skin or permanent dyspigmentation but after the development of photothermolysis technique, the side effects were less seen.
Things to keep in mind before lesion treatment:
The main forms of treatment include laser therapy. Surgery is less used at present as it poses the risk for hemorrhage. The patient should be aware of a few things before going through the treatment procedures.
Sleeplessness and iron deficiency can cause dark circles; and in such cases, adequate rest and plenty of iron-rich foods and supplements are enough. But sometimes, dark circles can be resilient and refuse to go away. If you find your dark circles not receding, no matter how much supplements you take and rest you get, chances are they are caused by hyper pigmentation.
What is Pigmentation?
When patches of skin darken due to excessive melanin (a skin pigment) production, it is called pigmentation. Common manifestations of pigmentation are freckles, age spots, brown spots and, most primarily dark circles. The causes of pigmentation include:
1. Sun exposure - age spots are caused by sun exposure, especially in older skin
2. Scarring - acne, burns or abrasions can cause scarring, which darkens the skin
3. Genetics - freckles are genetic, and factors such as hormones or sun exposure can worsen them
4. Pregnancy - patches of skin on the face or abdomen darken during pregnancy
The most common method to treat pigmentation caused dark circles is hydroquinone, which is an ingredient that lightens skin. When hydroquinone is used in creams, it takes a long time for it to come into effect. Dark circles may take a long time to completely fade away.
Laser Treatment for Dark Circles:
If all the anti-pigmentation creams fail you, and even the dermatologist said that hydroquinone would take too long, the best option available for you is laser treatment for hyper pigmentation. Laser treatment uses beams of concentrated light to remove the pigmentation from underneath your eyes. At the same time, it reduces any other problems you may have, such as acne, fine lines or wrinkles. Sometimes, laser skin resurfacing would be used together with laser treatment for pigmentation. This ensures lasting effects and clearer complexion.
However, you must consult a dermatologist before opting for laser treatment, since it is not recommended for everyone. For instance, people with sensitive skin must talk to a doctor before undergoing treatment. Also, laser treatment should be your last resort if other methods fail (such as limiting sun exposure or changing cosmetic creams).
A spotless, flawless complexion is what we all crave for. But owing to several environmental and genetic factors, your skin gets affected and gradually loses its glamour. Chemical peeling is a cosmetic treatment used to improve your skin’s appearance. Chemical peeling can effectively treat the following skin conditions-
Types of Chemical Peels-
Chemical peels are of three kinds, namely-
How is the treatment done?
Chemical peel is an out-patient procedure, meaning the patient does not have to stay overnight at the hospital after the treatment is done. Here is how chemical peels are done-
After the procedure, patients will likely notice redness or swelling on the treated portion. For that, you must follow these measures-
So now that you know why chemical peels are the secret to perfect skin, what are you waiting for? Consult a specialist, feel free to have a detailed discussion on the skin condition you want to get treated for, and bid adieu to age spots an dark patches, forever.