A brow lift, also called a forehead lift, is a surgical cosmetic procedure that corrects a drooping eye brow. It flattens the lines and wrinkles on the skin of forehead, tightens sagging skin that appears with advancing age and restores youthful skin. More and more people are undergoing the treatment every year with a high rate of success.
Features that can be corrected with Brow Lifts-
1. Sagging eyebrows that create an expression of exhaustion
2. Deep horizontal folds on the skin of the forehead
3. Frown lines between the eyebrows
Types of brow lift and the respective procedures-
1. Traditional or coronal brow lift-
The patient is put under general anesthesia and an incision is made on the forehead inside the hair line to hide the scar. The excess skin is removed and the necessary skin tissues are lifted and tightened for a smooth appearance. Finally, the incision is stitched up.
2. Endoscopic brow lift-
This surgery is also done under general anesthesia, a few tiny incisions are made on the scalp. An endoscope is put in through the incisions so that the area of surgery is seen on a screen. Other surgical instruments are used to lift the skin tissue of the forehead, reposition the eyebrows and remove all the extra skin and muscle tissue. Then, the incisions are closed with stitches.
3. Temporal incision brow lift-
This procedure is done with eyelid surgery. It requires larger incisions than those of endoscopic brow lift and these cuts are made just above the temples. Then the tissues above the eyebrows are repositioned. The extra tissues between the eyebrows are also removed to flatten the frown lines.
Post-surgical care and recovery-
1. You have to stop smoking and taking anti-inflammatory or blood thinning medication for a few weeks before and after the surgery.
2. Using a cold compress is recommended in case of post-surgical pain. There may also be prescribed ointments that are applied to the cut.
3. Your head needs to be kept elevated when lying down for a few days.
4. You should have gauze and clean towels in case there are minor bleeds.
5. There may also be slight swelling and bruising on the non-operated areas of the face. The pain and itching sensations experienced during recovery are milder in case of traditional brow lift than in case of an endoscopic brow lift.
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Many cases of breast cancer end up at the operating table where the malignant growth in the breast is removed surgically. Once the surgery is complete, many patients turn to cosmetic breast surgeries to reconstruct their breasts.
Let’s look at the options after a breast cancer surgery –
This surgery is resorted to if one wants to enhance the appearance or size of the breasts. In this surgery, implants are placed below the chest muscle. The procedure is minimally invasive. The implants can be inserted in three ways – through the armpit, the areola or the lower breast fold.
The outer casing of implants consists of silicone while the insides comprise of saline water or silicone gel.
Women who have large and heavy breasts undergo breast reduction surgery if they face discomfort due to neck and back pain or weakness due to their breast weight. In this procedure, excess fat, skin and tissue are trimmed.
The breast can be recreated with implants or the patient’s tissues. Implants, if used, are sized to match the other breast. For tissues, surgeons can use the tissue from the patient’s lower abdomen. Even the tissues from the back muscle and the buttocks can be used. At times, even the opposite normal breast will have to be reconstructed for symmetry.
This procedure has no effect on cancer recurrence.
In some patients, their skin is not strong enough to support the weight of the breast. This can lead to breast sagging. Generally, this happens when the proportion of skin and breast tissue is skewed in favour of skin. So the excess skin is removed in this method.
Consult with your doctor if you want to undergo cosmetic breast surgery.
What do you mean by a body contouring cosmetic surgery?
It is a new medical subspecialty that involves the contouring and sculpting of the body wherein any excess fat deposits anywhere in the body is removed and body sculpted to achieve perfect, harmonious body proportions. This involves procedure like liposuction in various methods. Among the many methods of liposuction, laser liposuction has its advantages in that the procedure does not leave loose skin. The skin tightening takes place in the same procedure itself. You are not left with loose, sagging or crumpled skin.
What are the body areas body contouring is done?
Commonest among them is abdomen in both men and women followed by thighs, butts, love handles ( flanks) and arms, breast in women. Among men seeking cosmetic surgery, Gynaecomastia is more common.
What is the common age group seeking body contouring?
In men, those with gynaecomastia are common in 20-30 years of age though there are other age groups which is not so common. Men seeking tummy reduction is common in 30-45. Women seeking body contouring surgery is common in 25- 50.
What is done in a body contouring surgery?
It is a minimally-invasive surgery involving removal of the fat that is in excess which gives rise to abnormal shape. In a laser liposuction procedure, after the removal of the excess fat, the excess redundant skin is tightened additionally y laser that leaves a smooth contour. The skin tightening lifts up the skin and concerned body parts like breast lift, arm lift and thigh lift.
How safe is the body contouring procedures?
Body contouring procedures are safe as they are walk-in procedures. One does not need hospitalisation or general anaesthesia when done by laser liposuction method.
Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery that refers to the removal of excess fats from the body through suction. During liposuction, small, thin, blunt-tipped tubes (cannula) are inserted through tiny cuts in the skin.
Liposuction is used to remove fat deposits from:
Hips and buttocks.
Abdomen and waist.
Cheeks, chin and neck.
Calves and ankles.
Different techniques are adopted in the liposuction process. Some of them are:
Traditional Liposuction: In traditional liposuction, the surgeon uses a thin tube called a cannula, connected to a powerful suction pump.
Tumescent Liposuction: Tumescent liposuction is similar to traditional liposuction, but experts often hail its innovative use of medication and reduced risks for complications.
Super-wet Liposuction: Super-wet liposuction is a variation of the tumescent technique that uses less fluid injection.
Ultrasonic Liposuction: This popular form of liposuction uses a specialized cannula that emits ultrasonic sound waves into the fat deposits to liquefy fat cells and make them easier to remove.
Power Assisted Liposuction: By employing a cannula that has a vibrating tip, surgeons are able to break up fat cells for easier removal.
More and more people are turning to liposuction to help achieve their aesthetic goals. Patients benefit both mentally and physically from liposuction. In fact, liposuction has become one of the most popular plastic surgery procedures in the world because it is a safe and effective way to remove fat and cellulite in your body. To add to its effectiveness, liposuction can be paired with a myriad of complementary procedures such as breast augmentation, tummy tuck, and even facial plastic surgery.
The benefits of liposuction include:
Safe removal of fat
Reduction of cellulite or improvement in the appearance of cellulite
Improved health, usually associated with fat loss
Changes the way you look, and the way others perceive you
Boost in self-esteem
Sculpting areas of the body that even exercise and diet don’t seem to impact
Development of a fetus within a mother's womb is a complicated biological process and also involves many intricate chemical processes.
One well-known deformity that has been reported fairly regularly with infants is that of a cleft lip. A statistics of average states that one baby in every 2000 births will be born with a cleft lip. This is a condition that is easily treatable through surgery.
What is a Cleft Lip?
A cleft lip, which more often than not comes with a cleft palate as well, is a deformity where the lips of the baby's mouth aren't joined properly to the face on the upper lip. It appears to be like a slit on the upper lip that runs to the nose.
In most cases, this is accompanied by the cleft palate where the slit may have the shape not just superficially, but the roof of the mouth may also be carved out in a similar shape.
Causes behind cleft lip development
Some of the factors that may lead to cleft lip and cleft palate developments are mentioned below,
Genetic - In most cases, these deformities are usually passed on from one of the parents to the baby.
Medicinal - If the pregnant mother takes certain anti-seizure or anti convulsing drugs it may contribute to the defects.
Infections - If the mother gets infected with certain diseases, it may also contribute to this deformity.
Benefits and need for Cleft Lip Surgery
While for some, cleft lip surgery may be an absolutely a cosmetic procedure, for others it may be essential for correcting other issues.
Some of the major benefits of cleft lip surgery are:
Issues with eating food - With cleft lip surgery, difficulties in eating and consumption of food will be reduced or completely eliminated as many patients have reported difficulties in this area.
Speech problems - By far the most number of complaints with cleft lip deformities have been with speech problems, which the surgery along with speech therapy, can definitely help to correct.
Reducing the chance of ear nose and throat infections - Children who have a cleft lip and palate are at an increased risk of ENT infections and thus, a cleft lip correction surgery can help reduce the chances for that.
Dental problems - Another area where surgery may help is with dental problems as a cleft lip and palate is known to cause deformities in teeth as well.
A woman is an extraordinary and beautiful creation of nature, and it is natural that she would want to see herself as perfect and complete. And, staying sexually attractive is one of the major factors that motivate a woman to seek the benefits of Cosmetic Gynaecology. Cosmetic Gynaecology or Intimate Aesthetic Surgery covers procedures which alter the appearance of female external genitalia and make it seem more natural and youthful. These methods, aid in correcting congenital defects, enhance the self-confidence of a woman, and positively affects the intimacy she shares with her partner.
With age and life events like childbirth, the vagina and labia often change in appearance and structure, which not only hampers the feeling of self-worth in a woman but also prevents her from enjoying sexual activities completely and Cosmetic Gynaecology emerges as the savior in such situations.
Here are some procedures, which are here to help the fairer sex rediscover the beauty of their body:
* Vaginal Rejuvenation: With the help of laser technique, this process helps in tightening the internal diameter of the vagina, when it gets stretched during birth or owing to genetic factors.
* Labiaplasty: Through this method, the contours of the labia majora or labia minora are changed. It may cover reconstruction, augmentation or reduction.
* Hymenoplasty: It is done to create a pseudo hymenal membrane from hymenal tissue, which already exists or non*hymenal soft tissue. The intention is to cause bleeding when the membrane tears during intercourse.
* Clitoroplasty: This procedure deals with the surgical transformation of the clitoris, which caters to conditions involving increased tissue volume. It can also aid in creating clitoris in transgender women.
* Clitoral Hood Reduction: The method is focused on the loose skin around the clitoris, and can be conducted during labiaplasty or as a separate procedure.
* Monsplasty: The contours of the Mons pubis can be changed through this process. It involves liposuction for the reduction of excess fat, subcutaneous fat, as well as skin. Often, techniques like laser and ultrasound are used during monsplasty.
* Perineoplasty: Repairing and restoration of the loose, ageing or injured perineum is taken care of through this method. Perineum is the area between the vagina opening and the rectum. And this procedure is usually helpful for women who don't heal efficiently after a vaginal delivery or experience scars.
So if you are worried about the structure or appearance of your intimate area, don't fret.
While the complaint of being born flat chested is faced by a number of women, there are a few women who have very heavy breasts. Over time, large breasts have been linked with a number of health problems such as backaches, neck pain, numbness in the fingers and shortness of breath. Thus, it is not only for cosmetic reasons that many women choose to undergo breast reduction surgery. This involves the removal of tissues and skin from the breasts to reduce the size of the breasts and reshape them. Breast reduction is a very safe procedure, however, just like any other surgery, there is always a risk and hence the question arises, 'How safe is breast reduction surgery'.
Since the procedure involves making incisions in the skin and removing tissues, most women feel pain in the breasts for the first few days post-surgery. This later transforms into a mild discomfort before which completely goes away after a few days. Pain medication and anti-inflammatory drugs can help ease the pain. Swelling and bruising in the area is also a common effect of the surgery and may last for about a month or two. The patients are usually advised to wear a surgical bra all the time as it helps in giving proper support which in turn helps ease the pain and reduce swelling.
Scarring is one of the most common risks associated with this surgery. To remove the tissue, a surgeon has to make an incision under the breast. This incision is usually positioned in line with the natural curves and creases of a woman's body in order to conceal them. However, it always leaves behind a scar. Scarring varies from person to person and also depends on the type of incision made. Typically, scars fade over time but for some women, they may remain noticeable for many years.
Fortunately, in most cases, the incisions can be restricted to areas covered by a bra or bikini. Some women complain loss of sensation in the breasts or nipples after such a procedure but mainly this is a temporary side effect and resolves within a few months of the surgery. Depending on the type of procedure, some women may also find it difficult to breastfeed after the surgery.
On its own, breast reduction surgery is a fairly safe procedure as long as it is performed by a certified plastic surgeon on a healthy patient. Therefore, it is important to do plenty of research and go for the best possible surgeon. So, do not let your fear of surgery keep you from making life more comfortable for yourself!
Some of the procedures are as follows:
Benefits of face-lifting:
Face lift is an effective treatment for improving your skin tone, texture and restoring its natural elasticity.
Facial surgery can be opted by people for a number of reasons, and these include being born with facial impairments like cleft lip, birthmark or other birth defects, the effects of aging, sun damage or other facial traumas that are noticeable on the face as well as a sense of general dissatisfaction with your facial features. Depending on these factors, facial plastic surgery can be divided into two categories - reconstructive and cosmetic.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed for correcting conditions that may be present from birth, including birthmarks on the face, cleft lip and palate, protruding ears and a crooked smile. Conditions resulting from accidents, traumas or burns are also corrected by this type of surgery.
Cosmetic facial plastic surgery is performed to enhance the visual appearance of facial structures and features which include facelifts, eye lifts, rhinoplasty, cheek and chin implants and liposuction.
If you are planning to get a facial surgery done, there are certain things you need to do to prepare yourself for it. These are:
1. Schedule a surgery when you are healthy
If you are planning for either of the surgeries, try to schedule it during a period of relatively good health. Your immune system will have the best chance towards a speedy recovery. Scheduling the surgery at the year-end is ideal when you can take a few days off with paid vacation time.
2. Get enough essential nutrients
Your diet, before and after the surgery should be rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, zinc, copper and selenium. They help the wound to heal quickly and in building your immunity, thereby reducing the chances of an infection. You can recover from more comprehensive procedures like tummy tuck, facelift or liposuction by including the requisite nutrients in your diet.
3. Protein intake
Calories and protein are the two most healing elements. Extra protein will help to build new tissue and blood vessels, repair injured tissue and increase production of cells that heal the wound. Choose high-quality protein sources like fish, poultry, beans, legumes and meat.
4. Stay hydrated
Consuming 6-8 glasses on the day prior to the surgery is very important to help cleanse and hydrate the body. Since fluid intake is reduced on the day of surgery, water intake is especially important prior to the surgery. To avoid complications during surgery, ensure that you do not drink anything after midnight the night prior to your surgery unless advised by your surgeon.
The procedure of breast reduction surgery-
Breast reduction surgeries can be conducted in an outpatient facility. You may have to stay for one night at a hospital as well. While performing this surgery, a patient is given general anaesthesia, which will make the patient asleep during the process.
Breast reduction surgery requires about two to five hours to be completed successfully. During the process, the surgeon will create a cut around the nipple and then on the breast. The cut is made in the shape of a keyhole. Extra skin, tissue and fat will be removed from the breast through the keyhole-shaped incision. Drainage tubes are also utilized for removal of excess skin and fat. After the removal is complete, and enough skin has been removed, the breasts are stitched. They are then wrapped in a special gauze. Sometimes, a surgical bra is required to be worn by the patient during the surgery.
Recovery from breast reduction surgery-
After a breast reduction surgery is performed, the patient must take a minimal one week off from any kind of work or school. Some women require two weeks or more to recover. However, this varies from patient to patient, but not more than three weeks are required for recovery. It is important to see the surgeon if you come across any problem.
You will be having follow up appointments with your surgeon, where the bandages and stitches on the breasts are removed.
As a part of the recovery process, a woman must abstain from all kinds of physical activities for one month following the surgery. After the surgery, it is likely for a patient to feel tired and experience breast pain. However, this is normal and you can have oral pain killers prescribed by your surgeon to get relief and ease. Heavy lifting should be strictly restricted.
Some women experience emotional reactions such as depression after the surgery. This too is normal, but you should talk to your surgeon about it.
Breast reduction surgery is an efficient cosmetic surgery, which enables women to reduce their breast size and volume. The results of such a surgery are quite satisfactory.