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colitis Tips

Ulcerative Colitis Surgery - Know Different Forms To Tackle It!

Dr. Akshay Solanki 85% (10 ratings)
MS- General Surgery
General Surgeon, Jodhpur
Ulcerative Colitis Surgery - Know Different Forms To Tackle It!

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition whereby tiny abscesses and ulcers are formed on the inner lining of the large intestine, or on the colon or rectum. These ulcers may burst frequently resulting in diarrhea and bloody stools. This disease may also be responsible for causing anemia as well as harsh abdominal pain.
Ulcerative colitis normally alternates periodically from flaring up to receding quickly. These periods of remission can either last for weeks or maybe, even for years at a stretch. They are however, not permanent and although the disease may seem to have disappeared completely, it can soon show up again in no time. Usually beginning in the rectum, it can, by and by, spread rapidly to other parts of the colon. If it is, however, limited only to the rectum, then it is more commonly referred to as ulcerative proctitis.
Surgery is generally obligatory and mandatory when it comes to treating ulcerative colitis. If surgery is not performed, you may suffer long-lasting side effects, including cancer and colon rupture. Here are the different types of surgery that you may undergo:

1.Colectomy: This is done when the entire colon needs to be removed and is usually performed to eliminate the perils of acquiring colon cancer.

2.Proctocolectomy: This concerns the total removal of both colon and rectum, and is usually the standard procedure when dealing with ulcerative colitis.

3.Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis: If the treatment does not require a permanent stoma, and if you can still manage to let out stool from your anus, then this surgery, also called restorative proctolectomy, would be most appropriate. Here, both colon and rectum are removed but at the same time, the small intestine is utilized to form an internal reservoir, called a J-pouch, which is linked to the anus and can hereafter serve as your new rectum.
 

Symptoms And Treatment Of Pyoderma Gangrenosum!

Dr. Nitin Jain 90% (256 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Symptoms And Treatment Of Pyoderma Gangrenosum!

Pyoderma gangrenosum is an uncommon medical condition that results in skin ulcers. It can affect both men and women irrespective of their age, but is commonly seen in people above fifty years of age. Pyoderma gangrenosum is auto inflammatory and autoimmune in nature, generally affecting your legs.

Though the exact cause of pyoderma gangrenosum is unknown, yet there are certain conditions that can trigger its development on your skin.

Causes are mentioned as follows:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis
  2. Crohn's disease (a disease related to your digestive tract)
  3. Inflammatory bowel disease
  4. Blood cancer
  5. Cut or skin injuries
  6. Ulcerative colitis( a digestive tract disorder)
  7. Myeloid metaplasia( anemia with white and red immature cells in circulation)
  8. Myelogenous leukemia ( a type of cancer affecting growth of immature blood cells)
  9. Liver inflammation or hepatitis.
  10. Damaged skin

Pyoderma gangrenosum may initially appear to look like an insect bite. But there are other symptoms that can help you to identify and distinguish it from an insect bite.

The common symptoms are as follows:

  1. Painful sores
  2. It may start as small pimples
  3. Reddish or purple lumps or blisters
  4. Sometimes the bumps may be pus-filled also

Pyoderma gangrenosum can spread very rapidly and cause skin ulcers to become severe. So it must be treated as soon as diagnosed.

Some of the treatment methods are mentioned below:

  • Use of anti-inflammatory ointments.
  • Administering corticosteroid drugs through injection.
  • Pain relief medicines.
  • Surgery
  • Antibiotics
2 people found this helpful

Colitis - How To Treat It?

Dr. Bhavesh Thakkar 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, M.D. Medicine, DNB Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Colitis - How To Treat It?

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis
1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
2. Acute colitis can itself be a symptom of hemorrhoids (inflamed and swollen veins in the anus or the rectum)
3. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
4. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
5. Constant abdominal pain
6. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis
1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
5. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections

Treatment for colitis
1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control the diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.

2537 people found this helpful

Ischemic Colitis - In Depth Of It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Ischemic Colitis - In Depth Of It!

What is Ischemic colitis?

Ischemic colitis is a disorder that develops when there is a temporary loss of, or reduction in, blood flow to the colon.


Symptoms of Ischemic colitis-

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain or cramps
  • blood in your stool
  • A feeling of urgency to move your bowels

Causes of Ischemic colitis-

  • Buildup of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) in the blood vessels
  • Inflammation of the blood vessels
  • Radiation treatment to the abdomen
  • Colon cancer
  • Dehydration
  • Elevated sugar (glucose) levels in the blood (diabetes)
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Estrogen replacement medications
  • Blood pressure lowering drugs
  • Certain antipsychotic drugs

Risk factors of Ischemic colitis-

Complications of Ischemic colitis-

  • Gangrene
  • Abdominal pain and blockage
  • Hole (perforation) in your intestine or persistent bleeding 
  • Diagnosis of Ischemic colitis

Diagnosis of Ischemic colitis involves the following tests:

  • Physical exam and medical history
  • Colonoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Abdominal arteriogram
  • X-rays of the abdomen and pelvis
  • Ultrasound and CT scan
  • Blood tests
  • Stool sample

Precautions & Prevention of Ischemic colitis-

There is no prevention of ischemic colitis. You can do following to avoid complications:

  • Stop smoking
  • Take cholesterol-lowering medication
  • Control chronic illnesses, such as diabetes
  • Exercise regularly

Treatment of Ischemic colitis-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Ischemic colitis
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Ischemic colitis
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Ischemic colitis
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ischemic colitis
  • Surgical Treatment of Ischemic colitis
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ischemic colitis
  • Other Treatment of Ischemic colitis

Homeopathic Treatment of Ischemic Colitis-

Homeopathy pain vomiting diarrhea and improves circulation. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of ischemic colitis are:

  • China
  • Ipecac
  • Carb S
  • Merc C
  • Colch
  • Lach

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Ischemic Colitis-

cupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ischemic colitis-

You may need hospitalization to provide fluids and nutrients through your veins (intravenously), if you’re dehydrated. Antibiotics are used to prevent infections from developing.

Surgical Treatment of Ischemic colitis-

  • Surgery is needed for ischemic colitis if your condition is associated with:
  • Abdominal tenderness and fever that are severe and persistent
  • A hole (perforation) in your colon.
  • Gangrene and blood infection (sepsis).

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ischemic colitis-

  • Avoid fried foods and packaged baked goods
  • Choose heart-healthy fats such as omega-three fatty acids from seafood
  • Reduce your intake of saturated fat
  • Drinking enough fluid to stay hydrated

 

1 person found this helpful

Ulcerative Colitis - Precautions You Need To Take Post Surgery!

Dr. Prashanth Hegde 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Gastroenterology
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Ulcerative Colitis - Precautions You Need To Take Post Surgery!

This is a disease that affects the large intestine and the rectum. The Ulcerative Colitis refers to the inflammation in the innermost lining of the large intestine. The main function of the large intestine is to absorb water from indigestible food matter in the body before throwing away any waste. Hence, the large intestine is a vital part of our body. If left untreated, the disease increases risk of colon cancer.

Symptoms:

  1. Diarrhea with blood or pus: A person suffering from Ulcerative Colitis is likely to suffer from loose stools accompanied with blood or pus.
  2. Stomach pain and Cramping: In many cases, patients complain of severe stomach pain and cramping.
  3. Rectal pain: At times, many patients feel pain while sitting or even after a bowel movement.
  4. Bleeding from the rectum: Bleeding can be observed while passing stools.

The other complications leading to this disease are kidney stones, swelling of the colon, thickening of intestinal walls and blood infection.

Diagnosis:
This disease can be diagnosed by several methods. A simple stool test may be done to check out for bacteria and parasites. A blood test to check the level of C-reactive protein helps determine the inflation rate of the body. Endoscopy, colonoscopy, biopsy are some other methods of diagnosis.

Treatment

  1. Oral medication: Treatment involves drug therapy or surgery. The first step in treating Ulcerative Colitis will be an intake of anti-inflammatory drugs, but these may have a side effect. Another option is immune system suppressors, which help to bring down the inflammation by suppressing the immune system response. Antibiotics, anti-diarrheal medications, pain relievers are some of the additional drug supplements recommended by doctors.
  2. Surgery: Surgery plays an important role because this disease is pre-malignant in nature. Depending on the severity of the condition, the medical practitioner may advice surgery. The common methods of surgery are:
    1. Proctocolectomy and Ileostomy: Proctocolectomy involves removal of the colon in part or whole. Ileostomy is carried out by placing a special bag in the small intestine to collect waste from the body.
    2. Proctocolectomy and Ileo-anal: Ileo-anal pouch is a bag directly created the small intestine and connected to the anus, for diffusing the stools. As colon is removed Ulcerative Colitis cannot re-occur.

Precautions after surgery
It is very important that the patient takes healthy, sufficient and nutritious food so that bowel movement can be carried out with ease and zero strain. The patient has to restrict lifting of heavy grocery, mowing the lawn, any physical activity that can strain the abdomen and related areas.
 

3480 people found this helpful

6 Symptoms Of Colitis And Its Treatment!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Agra
6 Symptoms Of Colitis And Its Treatment!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis
1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
2. Acute colitis can itself be a symptom of hemorrhoids (inflamed and swollen veins in the anus or the rectum)
3. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
4. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
5. Constant abdominal pain
6. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis
1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
5. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections

Treatment for colitis
1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control the diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.

Colitis - 5 Common Types Of It!

Dr. Ajay Choksey 91% (206 ratings)
MD-General Medicine, D.M, Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Ahmedabad
Colitis - 5 Common Types Of It!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to the reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis

  1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
  2. Acute colitis can itself be a symptom of hemorrhoids (inflamed and swollen veins in the anus or the rectum)
  3. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
  4. The occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
  5. Constant abdominal pain
  6. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis

  1. Infectious colitis: Caused due to certain bacterial or parasitic infections
  2. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
  3. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
  4. Ischeamic colitis - This is commonly seen in older patients.
  5. Chemical colitis: This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation

Treatment for colitis

  1. Based on your condition, acetaminophen can be recommended by your doctor to ease the pain
  2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool. However, be very careful and do not take this medicine without consulting your doctor as it can have serious negative effects. 
  3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
  4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.

 

1 person found this helpful

Ulcerative Colitis - Does Homeopathic Treatments Work?

Dr. Subhash Ponkiya 92% (244 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Rajkot
Ulcerative Colitis - Does Homeopathic Treatments Work?

Ulcerative colitis is a disorder that causes inflammations and ulcers inside your colon, affecting the entire digestive system. The disease grows over time and symptoms start to worsen over a prolonged period, rather than the problem showing up suddenly. Severe cases of ulcerative colitis may even be fatal if treatment does not resolve some of the complications arising from the condition.

Causes of Ulcerative Colitis-
The exact cause for the inflammatory bowel disease is unknown. Improper diet and lifestyle can aggravate the symptoms, but do not cause the condition. Some possible causes for the disease include-

  1. Improper functioning of the body’s immune system causes it to recognize the colon as a foreign body.
  2. Genetic factors and hereditary may also be held accountable in some instances.

Risk factors for the condition include old age and family history of the condition.

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis-
Here are some common symptoms associated with the condition-

  1. Bloody diarrhoea
  2. Rectal pain
  3. Weight loss
  4. Pain in the abdominal region along with cramping
  5. Fever
  6. Urgency to defecate
  7. Inadequate bowel movement despite the feeling of urgency

How can you prevent ulcerative colitis?
Ulcerative colitis cannot be prevented as the exact cause for the condition is unknown. However, there are simple steps that will help manage the symptoms.

  1. Diet change- You need to stop eating certain foods, such as, dairy products, beans, broccoli, cabbage and anything spicy. Instead, fibre intake must be increased drastically.
  2. Exercise- Mild exercise or activities have a profound impact on managing the condition.
  3. Avoiding stress
  4. Drinking plenty of fluids

Role of Homeopathy in Managing Ulcerative Colitis-
Homeopathy follows a natural and holistic approach to deal with the condition. It does not merely treat the symptoms, but looks to cure the underlying cause for those symptoms. Homeopathic remedies will greatly bolster the overall condition of the body’s immune system. Furthermore, the bloody diarrhoea accompanying the disease will also stop with proper homeopathic treatment.

3180 people found this helpful

Ulcerative Colitis Surgery - Know The Types Of It!

Dr. C.S. Ramachandran 90% (589 ratings)
FICS, FCCP (USA), DNB (General Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Ulcerative Colitis Surgery - Know The Types Of It!

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition whereby, tiny abscesses and ulcers are formed on the inner lining of the large intestine, or on the colon or rectum. These ulcers may burst frequently resulting in diarrhea and bloody stools. This disease may also be responsible for causing anemia as well as harsh abdominal pain.

Ulcerative colitis normally alternate periodically from flaring up to receding quickly. These periods of remission can either last for weeks or maybe, even for years at a stretch. They are, however, not permanent and although the disease may seem to have disappeared completely, it can soon show up again in no time. Usually beginning in the rectum, it can, by and by, spread rapidly to other parts of the colon. If it is, however, limited only to the rectum, then it is more commonly referred to as ulcerative proctitis.

Surgery is generally obligatory and mandatory when it comes to treating ulcerative colitis. If surgery is not performed, you may suffer from long-lasting side effects, including cancer and colon rupture. Here are the different types of surgery that you may undergo:

  1. Colectomy: This is done when the entire colon needs to be removed and is usually performed to eliminate the perils of acquiring colon cancer.
  2. Proctocolectomy: This concerns the total removal of both colon and rectum and is usually the standard procedure when dealing with ulcerative colitis.
  3. Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis: If the treatment does not require a permanent stoma, and if you can still manage to let out stool from your anus, then this surgery, also called restorative proctocolectomy would be most appropriate.

Here, both colon and rectum are removed, but at the same time, the small intestine is utilized to form an internal reservoir, called a J-pouch, which is linked to the anus and can hereafter serve as your new rectum.

3295 people found this helpful

Ulcerative Colitis Surgery - Tips For Quick Recovery!

Dr. Srikrishna Das 90% (28 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship In Laparoscopic & Robotic Onco-Surgery, Fellowship In bariatric surgery, F.I.A.G.E.S
General Surgeon, Delhi
Ulcerative Colitis Surgery - Tips For Quick Recovery!

Most patients suffering from ulcerative colitis are advised to undergo a surgery as that is oftentimes, the last option remaining for them. Failure of other treatments to bear any results leads to the need for a surgery. There are two main categories of surgery options; however, the difference lies in where the waste pouch will be placed following the ulcerative colitis surgery.

A patient who is planning to go through the ulcerative colitis surgery procedure must be aware of the recovery period and its duration. Since the surgery is an invasive and an intensive procedure, the recovery time is lengthy. So, naturally, before you arrive at any decision it is recommended that you consult your doctor, surgeon and other healthcare professionals about the procedure.

Ulcerative colitis is not a curable disease, but if your colon and rectum are removed, the symptoms of ulcerative colitis can be treated. But educate yourself as you may still have to live with a number of side effects of the surgeries, even after the incisions have healed. This is the reason that you must prepare yourself both physically and mentally before making any decision, which should be based on the information available.

Tips for Quick Recovery
The recovery from ulcerative colitis is quite tricky. As it is an invasive surgical procedure, the recovery time is lengthy. However, you should not fret yourself with that. With the required care and doctor’s advice, you will be able to return to your daily life in full vigor. In order to improve your recovery and hasten the process, you will be given a detailed file of information that you must follow strictly. These tips are:

  • After the surgery, you may have to remain in the hospital for 3 to 7 days. This is a mandatory protocol as it allows your surgeon to monitor your incisions and treat any complication or infections.
  • Any procedure that you may opt for, a total of 4 to 6 weeks is a minimum requirement for recovery.
  • During this time, you will be asked to meet your surgeon regularly and in some cases an enterostomal therapist as well. An enterostomal therapist is a specialized doctor who only deals with patients who have had their colon removed. So you should make an appointment with an enterostomal therapist, suggested by your doctor, and have him/her review your case.
  • Eat nutritional healthy foods to avoid any complications.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking at least 2-3 liters of water per day.
  • A rehab therapist or a physical therapist will help you to move towards your normal life, by keeping you active and recommending rejuvenating exercises that won’t hamper your health.
  • Manage stress and anxiety as they cause stomach issues.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1988 people found this helpful
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