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Chikungunya Diet Tips

Joint Pain Associated with Chikungunya

Dr. Ruchi Gulati 91% (308 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Noida
Joint Pain Associated with Chikungunya

Mosquitoes, though tiny, can wreak havoc on the human health. Malaria and dengue were common enough, but now another disease doing the rounds is chikungunya. This is a viral disease that spreads by the bites of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The disease lasts for 5 to 7 days and the catch is that there is no identified cure for the disease.

Symptoms of chikungunya are very non-indicative and include high temperature, rashes and multiple spots on the body, multiple joint pains, headaches, conjunctivitis and insomnia problem. The presence of joint pains associated with a high incidence of mosquito breeding is indicative of chikungunya. The fever usually subsides in a couple of days, but the other symptoms would persist for about a week.

Management of chikungunya includes a combination of prevention and treatment. Prevention is more important than treatment as it is easier done.

  1. To the maximum extent possible, avoid mosquito bites.
  2. Avoid using rain water-filled containers, potted plants that stagnate water and drinking bowls for domestic animals.
  3. Wear full-sleeved clothing when mosquito bites are likely to be higher.
  4. Use mosquito repellents in the forms of coils, creams, and mats
  5. Use mosquito nets where possible
  6. Prevent mosquito breeding by draining possible areas of water stagnation

Treatment: There is no specific allopathic remedy for the treatment of chikungunya. The prescribed medicines are only for symptomatic relief, and given the intense and prolonged joint pains, the patient ends up using a lot of pain killers. There are cases where the pains may persist for up to 6 months. This is where Ayurveda comes into the picture, as there are multiple effective remedies that have been proven effective over the ages.

  1. Massage your joints with a mixture of castor oil, drumstick, camphor, garlic, and coconut oil. This oil can be heated and stored in a glass jar for about 3 days. Warm this oil and use it for effective relief of the joint pains.
  2. A mixture of castor oil and cinnamon can also be used to massage the painful joints.
  3. A concoction of ajwain seeds, raisins or dry grapes, tulsi leaves, and neem leaves boiled in water is an effective remedy for the joint pains. This is to be used when it is warm after food and the residual ingredients chewed upon.
  4. A diet rich in fresh fruits, greens and vegetables is highly recommended.
  5. Drinking sufficient amounts of liquids (water, coconut water, lime juice, and buttermilk) to keep good hydration levels and recuperate from the illness.
  6. Ensure sufficient rest for the joints even after the initial fever has subsided.

Ayurveda has references to something called “sandhijwara” which is “fever of the joints”. Sandhijwara is very similar to chikungunya and these remedies used for this can be very useful in treating chikungunya. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

3028 people found this helpful

CHIKUNGUNYA

Dr. Mrs Neeraj Gupta 91% (331 ratings)
BHMS, Certificate in Gynaecology & Obestric, MD - Homeopathy, Ph.D Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
CHIKUNGUNYA
CHIKUNGUNYA is caused due to a viral infection (CHIKV) and is transmitted when an infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito carries the virus from an infected human to a healthy person. The mosquitoes mostly attack during the day and are commonly seen breeding around clean water bodies. Chikungunya means ‘to distort’, directly relating to the stooped appearance of the patient due to extreme pain in and around the joints during the disease. The disease is characterised by an abrupt onset of fever frequently accompanied by severe muscle and joint pains. Once bitten, the patient will experience symptoms such as arthritis like pain around the joints, muscle aches, fever, malaise, headache, fatigue, nausea and in some cases vomiting within approximately two to 22 days.
Chikungunya is a self-resolving disease. It gradually decreases in intensity in about a week after infection. But some people may experience arthritic pain and fatigue for a few weeks to a year after it has resolved. In very old and ailing patients and in individuals with a weak immune system, the disease can result in death.
Blood tests can help diagnosis. Doctors can now quickly and accurately identify patients at risk of severe form of chikungunya with the help of a direct biomarker. There is currently no cure for the condition. Medications are given for symptomatic relief from pain, swelling and fever.
CHIKUNGUNYA CONTENT
Causes
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment
Prevention
CAUSES
Chikungunya is caused due to a viral infection (CHIKV) and is transmitted when an infected mosquito carries the virus from an infected human to a healthy person. They are commonly seen breeding around clean water bodies and mostly attack during the day.
Usually confused with dengue and in some cases malaria, chikungunya is a self resolving disease (the condition gradually decreases in intensity in about a week after infection) that does not have a cure. As an exception, some people experience arthritic pain and fatigue for a few weeks to a year after it has resolved.
SYMPTOMS
A condition that is spread by the female Aedes aegypti mosquito, ‘chikungunya’ means ‘to distort’, directly relating to the extreme pain the patient experiences in and around his/her joints during the disease. Once bitten the patient will experience symptoms such as
Arthritis like pain around the joints
Muscle aches
Fever
Malaise
Headache
Fatigue
Nausea
Vomiting (within approximately two to 22 days of infection, in some cases)
Here are how the symptoms of chikungunya are different from malaria and dengue.
There are very subtle differences between the three mosquito borne diseases and one of the most clear difference is the type and frequency of fever a patient experiences.
In the case of dengue a patient suffers from high fever that appears and subsides quickly only to reappear with rashes and in the case of dengue haemorrhagic fever, along with bleeding.
In malaria, the patient suffers from high fever, most predominantly in the evenings with chills followed by sweating in quick succession.
In the case of chikungunya the patient suffers a high fever with severe pain in the body especially the joints along with all the symptoms mentioned above. In all three conditions the patient will experience a temperature of about 102o .
DIAGNOSIS
Most doctors do tend to diagnose the condition using a process of elimination – by testing for dengue and malaria first then followed by tests for chikungunya.
The diagnostic test for the condition is a simple blood test where the sample is tested serologically using the ELISA test (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) or PCR (polymerase chain reaction) to check for the presence of the anti-chikungunya antibody in the patient’s blood.
If the patient is infected, the amount of immunoglobulin is the highest in the first two weeks after the onset of symptoms and continues to be present in the body for about two months after that.
TREATMENT
There is currently no treatment for the condition and doctors prescribe medication to give symptomatic relief to the patient. Drugs to reduce the pain, swelling and fever that appear with the disease are usually the first line of treatment. That being said there have been a number of research studies to identify a possible vaccine and treatment for the condition.
A study published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in 2000 said that they had developed a vaccine that showed 98% efficacy in its patients. This vaccine is still not available in the market. Other studies on a possible DNA vaccine for the chikungunya vaccine is still underway.
Although this condition has no known complications it can cause death in very old and ailing patients.
If you do think you might have the condition it is extremely important to get diagnosed early, since the symptoms overlap with conditions that have serious complications like dengue and malaria.
PREVENTION
Here is what you should do to prevent from getting infected with the disease:
Since infected mosquitoes, bite during the day, it is advisable to use a mosquito repellent cream while stepping out, especially in endemic areas.
Use repellants within the house and use them as per the recommendations on the packaging.
Keep all water reservoirs like buckets, small tubs, mugs etc. covered at all times. It is essential to empty out all the containers regularly and wash them well.
Declutter your home and air our all the rooms once a day. Remember to close all your windows and doors by mid morning.
If you have too many mosquitos in your area, ask your area municipal corporation to get the area sprayed to rid it of mosquitoes.
Finally, what you need to remember is that if you experience symptoms like fever, joint pain, malaise, fatigue and vomiting make sure you visit a doctor at the earliest. Do not self medicate because it could be something more serious

Is Chikungunya Causing You Joint Pain? Manage It With Ayurveda!

Dr. Amit Verma 87% (63 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD-Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
Is Chikungunya Causing You Joint Pain? Manage It With Ayurveda!

Mosquitoes, though tiny, can wreak havoc on the human health. Malaria and dengue were common enough, but now another disease doing the rounds is chikungunya. This is a viral disease that spreads by the bites of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The disease lasts for 5 to 7 days. Also, even though the weather is changing, it is still prevalent and as on November 18, 878 cases have been reported in Delhi itself. 

Symptoms of chikungunya are very non-indicative and include high temperature, rashes and multiple spots on the body, multiple joint pains, headaches, conjunctivitis and insomnia. The presence of joint pains associated with a high incidence of mosquito breeding is indicative of chikungunya. The fever usually subsides in a couple of days, but the other symptoms would persist for about a week.

Management of chikungunya includes a combination of prevention and treatment. Prevention is more important than treatment as it is easier done.

  1. To the maximum extent possible, avoid mosquito bites.
  2. Avoid using rainwater-filled containers, potted plants that stagnate water and drinking bowls for domestic animals.
  3. Wear full-sleeved clothing when mosquito bites are likely to be higher.
  4. Use mosquito repellents in the forms of coils, creams, and mats
  5. Use mosquito nets where possible
  6. Prevent mosquito breeding by draining possible areas of water stagnation

Treatment: There is no specific allopathic remedy for the treatment of chikungunya. The prescribed medicines are only for symptomatic relief, and given the intense and prolonged joint pains, the patient ends up using a lot of painkillers. There are cases where the pains may persist for up to 6 months. This is where Ayurveda comes into the picture, as there are multiple effective remedies that have been proven effective over the ages.

  1. Massage your joints with a mixture of castor oil, drumstick, camphor, garlic, and coconut oil. This oil can be heated and stored in a glass jar for about 3 days. Warm this oil and use it for effective relief of the joint pains.
  2. A mixture of castor oil and cinnamon can also be used to massage the painful joints.
  3. A concoction of ajwain seeds, raisins or dry grapes, tulsi leaves, and neem leaves boiled in water is an effective remedy for the joint pains. This is to be used when it is warm after food and the residual ingredients chewed upon.
  4. A diet rich in fresh fruits, greens and vegetables is recommended.
  5. Drinking sufficient amounts of liquids (water, coconut water, lime juice, and buttermilk) to keep good hydration levels and recuperate from the illness.
  6. Ensure sufficient rest for the joints even after the initial fever has subsided.

Ayurveda has references to something called “sandhijwara” which is “fever of the joints”. Sandhijwara is very similar to chikungunya and these remedies used for this can be very useful in treating chikungunya.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4437 people found this helpful

What Are The Symptoms Of Chikungunya?

Dr. Vikas Mittal 85% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Jaipur
What Are The Symptoms Of Chikungunya?

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to people by the bite of an infectious mosquito known as Aedes Aegypti. The chikungunya infection is most prevalent in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Indian Ocean islands, where various incidents of these disease and certain outbreaks have occurred over the years.

Humans and different animals are the regular hosts for the chikungunya virus, which can turn out to be very painful if it is not treated on time with proper medical care and intervention. The virus is spread to people by the bite of a female mosquito called Aedes aegypti or Aedes Albopictus. These are the same tropical and sub-tropical mosquitoes that spread the dengue virus. They breed in or close to human habitations and want to feed on people during the daytime in shady zones. These are likely to bite you at during the early hours of the evening or at night. The hatching time frame (time from disease to sickness) can be anywhere between two to 12 days.

Symptoms: Chikungunya infection is characterised by the following symptoms:

  1. High or blazing fever
  2. Extreme joint pain for the most part in the arms and legs
  3. Headache
  4. Pain in the muscle
  5. Pain in the back
  6. Body ache
  7. Rash (in about 50% of the infected people)

A vast majority begins to feel better following 7 to 10 days but a few people will go through longer term joint pain.

Treatment:

  1. There is no particular medicine to prevent chikungunya. There is no antibiotic that can help in doing away with it - it usually abates on its own. Chikungunya treated on the basis of a patient's symptoms. However, there are some precautions and alternate medications that can be used as a cure.
  2. Bed rest, liquids, and medication to soothe side effects of fever and hurting. Asprin should be avoided.
  3. Personal protection and a hygienic environment is important to prevent the growth of the illness.

Since this virus does not have a vaccine or any particular medicine, one should try to stay away from mosquitos as much as possible. Covering yourself up while travelling, especially in the evening is the best approach to prevent it.

2 people found this helpful

Chikungunya Fever - Causes and Treatment

Dr. Dushyant Rana 92% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Gurgaon
Chikungunya Fever - Causes and Treatment

The tiny mosquito can pose a lot of health issues. While malaria was the only dreaded disease until some time ago, the incidence of chikungunya is constantly on the rise. In fact, the nonspecific symptoms and absence of vaccination make it extremely difficult to prevent and diagnose this in the early stages.

Causes: First described in the African continent (Tanzania), the word chikungunya means “to walk bent over” in the Makonde or Kimakonde language. This appearance is because of the effect on bones, leading to severe bone and joint pains. More than 90% of the people who are bitten by the infected mosquito develop symptoms.

Chikungunya is a member of the Togaviridae family and is transmitted by bites of the infected female mosquito. In rare cases, the infection can spread through blood transfusions of the infected person.

After entering the bloodstream, it divides and multiplies rapidly in different types of cells including epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and connective tissue cells. These produce the symptoms including the rashes and the joint pains.

Symptoms: The challenge with chikungunya is that there is no specific, telltale symptom indicative of the condition. The patient develops nonspecific symptoms as below, somewhere between 4 to 7 days after the infected mosquito bite.

  1. High fever (as high as 40 degrees Celsius)

  2. Pain involving multiple joints which can be debilitating

  3. Headache

  4. Nausea and vomiting

  5. Muscle pain

  6. Skin rashes

  7. Swelling around the joints

  8. Conjunctivitis

Though the disease is not fatal, it can be quite limiting. The fever and other symptoms may disappear within a week, but the joint pains can last up to 6 months to a year.

Diagnosis: A blood test is the most diagnostic test for confirming the disease. Dengue fever and Zika virus need to be ruled out, as their presentation is very similar.

Treatment: There is no definitive treatment for this condition and it is mostly symptomatic.

  1. The patient is advised rest to recover from the fever and fatigue

  2. Pushing fluids, including juices and electrolytes is recommended to prevent dehydration

  3. Fever needs to be managed with antipyretic medications

  4. Joint pains are managed with nonsteroidal painkillers

  5. Avoid aspirin as it increases the tendency to bleed

  6. Physiotherapy is recommended to improve severe bone/joint pains to improve mobility and reduce swelling

  7. Check with your doctor to see if your regular medications need to be revisited

There is no vaccine to prevent chikungunya, though virus like particles that can be a potential vaccine are in the final stages of trials. Prevention of mosquito bites is also highly recommended as an important step in controlling the disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

4874 people found this helpful

Tips to Protect Yourself From Dengue and Chikungunya

Dr. Nirav Patel 88% (42 ratings)
MBBS,D.Ped., Jawaharlal Nehru Medical college, Belgaum , Boston University, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
Tips to Protect Yourself From Dengue and Chikungunya

*National Dengue Day*

*First National Dengue Day was observed on 16th May 2016 in country

*This is the acceleration of preventive measures for Dengue and Chikungunya prior to the monsoon. 

*We as an educated & responsible people can also contribute in minimizing the Dengue burden in country and can save lives by doing simple things like 

1. By not allowing water to stagnate in and around houses in containers
2. If we have to store water then cover it properly with tight lids
3. Check, clean, dry, scrub and refill the desert coolers

4. Check bird bath tubs, pots, vases, trays under refrigerators etc.
5. Motivate others to follow these instructions 
6. Cooperate health worker during his/her visit to your home
7. Use full sleeved cloths
8. Use repellents, mosquito nets, wire meshes on doors and windows
9. Use coils, mats, vaporizers during day time too
10. Do not store solid waste on the roof to avoid mosquito breeding in rain water stagnation

Dengue is preventable but if it is ignored it may be fatal. Timely diagnosis and treatment can prevent valuable lives.

*Let us take a pledge to create* more and more *awareness​ about dengue* and *for taking small but effective measures* to save our society.

2 people found this helpful

Preventive Tips and Treatment for Chikungunya

Dr. Abhishek Goyal 90% (838 ratings)
MBBS, DNB, Diploma Dyslipidemia, CCEBDM, CCMTD, Diploma Endocrinology, Cleveland Clinic Advanced Certificate Course In Diabetes, PGCDM (Practical Guidance on Comprehensive Diabetes Management)
General Physician, Gurgaon
Preventive Tips and Treatment for Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to people by the bite of an infectious mosquito known as Aedes Aegypti. The chikungunya infection is most prevalent in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Indian Ocean islands, where various incidents of these disease and certain outbreaks have occurred over the years.

Humans and different animals are the regular hosts for the chikungunya virus, which can turn out to be very painful if it is not treated on time with proper medical care and intervention. The virus is spread to people by the bite of a female mosquito called Aedes aegypti or Aedes Albopictus. These are the same tropical and sub-tropical mosquitoes that spread the dengue virus. They breed in or close to human habitations and want to feed on people during the daytime in shady zones. These are likely to bite you at during the early hours of the evening or at night. The hatching time frame (time from disease to sickness) can be anywhere between two to 12 days.

Symptoms: Chikungunya infection is characterised by the following symptoms:

  1. High or blazing fever
  2. Extreme joint pain for the most part in the arms and legs
  3. Headache
  4. Pain in the muscle
  5. Pain in the back
  6. Body ache
  7. Rash (in about 50% of the infected people)

A vast majority begins to feel better following 7 to 10 days but a few people will go through longer term joint pain.

Treatment:

  1. There is no particular medicine to prevent chikungunya. There is no antibiotic that can help in doing away with it - it usually abates on its own. Chikungunya treated on the basis of a patient's symptoms. However, there are some precautions and alternate medications that can be used as a cure.
  2. Bed rest, liquids, and medication to soothe side effects of fever and hurting. Asprin should be avoided.
  3. Personal protection and a hygienic environment is important to prevent the growth of the illness.

Since this virus does not have a vaccine or any particular medicine, one should try to stay away from mosquitos as much as possible. Covering yourself up while travelling, especially in the evening is the best approach to prevent it.

4730 people found this helpful

Chikungunya - How It Affects Your Body?

Dr. Vishwas Madhav Thakur 90% (916 ratings)
MBBS, AFIH, PGDMLS, MD-HRM, MD-HM
General Physician, Gurgaon
Chikungunya  - How It Affects Your Body?

The mosquito may seem a very small creature, but can be deadly as they spread quite a few severe infections, with chikungunya being one of them. The disease got its name from an African language, which means to walk bent over.

Chikungunya is a viral disease that is carried by specific varieties of infected mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus). It was originally confused for dengue, which is another mosquito-transmitted infection, but then called out as a separate disease. Both diseases start off with non-diagnostic symptoms including fever, rashes, fatigue, anaemia and headache. Dengue could be distinguished by the lowered platelet count, while the persistent joint pains and eye pain could be the distinguishing factor for the chikungunya.

The mosquito is the vector, which picks up the virus from one infected person and spreads it to another person. The virus does not spread directly from one person to the other. Once it reaches the blood stream, it multiplies in the body, and over a period of 1 to 12 days, the symptoms begin to appear.

Symptoms: The symptoms of chikungunya are listed below, which reflect the effects on the body.
The symptoms are generally nondiagnostic and generic including fever, rashes, joint pain, muscle aches, eye pain, fatigue, tiredness, lethargy, headaches, nausea and vomiting. The eye pain which occurs behind the eyes and the joint pains are the indicative symptoms, which point to chikungunya. In fact, the joint pains make the patient assume a stooped posture, and that is where the name chikungunya was originally derived from.

Most of the above symptoms subside over a period of 10 to 15 days but the joint pain continues. In fact, in many, it can continue to exist for months and even years and eventually develop into rheumatoid arthritis.
Though chikungunya is not a fatal disease by itself, it can produce long-term symptoms which can be severely disabling and affect the quality of life.

Anybody who is bitten by the infected mosquito can develop the disease, but there are some groups of people at a higher risk. These include newborns, the elderly people, and people with chronic conditions like diabetes, hypertension, and chronic heart disease.

However, once infected, the person develops immunity and future infections do not happen unless their immunity is severely compromised.

Treatment: There is no specific treatment, and symptom relief is provided through rest, hydration, pain killers for joint and muscle, antipyretics for fever, and avoiding aspirin.
While there is no vaccine for chikungunya, preventing exposure to mosquito bites when you are travelling and preventing mosquito breeding and reducing exposure to mosquitoes by using repellents and nets are advisable.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6747 people found this helpful

Dengue And Chikungunya - Prevention by Ayurveda Medicine Is Possible!

Dr. Ranjeet Sharma 90% (55 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), DY ( Yoga & Ayurvedic Diet ), CCYP ( Yoga & Ayurvedic Diet )
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Dengue And Chikungunya - Prevention by Ayurveda Medicine Is Possible!

Thousands of our clients (all over india) are doing it for their family for last many years - as soon as the rain starts, they start giving a small dose of our precious authentic combination to their family ( from 01 year old child upto 70 years old members) for 01-02 months - & as a result they dont get trapped by these formidable dengue & chikungunya (in 80% cases) & the rest 20%, if get trapped, come out of it in a much shorter duration without much complication. Joint pain & other complications are easily handled by some more ayurveda medicines.

The medicine has an additional value of improving your digestion & detoxifying your body.

Its better to start the medicine as early as possible to keep your family healthy in this rainy season.

2 people found this helpful

Suffering From Severe Joint Pain? It Could Be Due to Chikungunya

Dr. Anil Mehta 91% (676 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Suffering From Severe Joint Pain? It Could Be Due to Chikungunya

One of the deadly diseases caused by the bite of an infected mosquito is Chikungunya. If you suddenly experience unbearable joint pain with symptoms of fever, consult a doctor immediately. Even the name Chikungunya etymologically means "to become twisted". If you are having the aforementioned symptoms, there is a high chance you are suffering from Chikungunya.

Symptoms of Chikungunya: Chikungunya affects your body within 3-4 days of the mosquito bite. The first sign of Chikungunya is sudden fever, which causes mild tremors in your body accompanied by severe pain and swelling of the joints. A headache and pain in the muscles are other two symptoms of this disease. The most glaring indication that you are suffering from it is the excessive joint pain you experience. This pain usually lasts for a few days to a couple of weeks. If left untreated, this disease can prove to be fatal. 

  1. The joint pain will have a paralyzing effect on your body resulting in extreme pain.
  2. Your finger joints and foot exhibit signs of swelling, causing severe pain.
  3. You will experience pain in your hip, wrists and elbows.

Other symptoms of the disease include neurological and mild cardiac complications. You may even complain of having an eyesore. Also, there are chances of you suffering from gastrointestinal problems. However, none of these symptoms will be as severe as the excruciating joint pain you experience.

Some preventive measures can be taken, them being:

  • Drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated.
  • Get plenty of sleep. It might be impossible for you to sleep especially when you are having body aches. Thus ask your doctor for some painkillers which will let you rest.
  • Paracetamol is a must to beat fever and joint pain.
  • Anti-inflammatory pills will be strictly recommended by your doctor to treat the inflammation.
  • Use a mosquito net at night
  • Keep your house clean so that the Chikungunya mosquitoes don't thrive
4464 people found this helpful
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