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Chemotherapy Tips

Best Cancer Hospitals in Delhi

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 89% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Best Cancer Hospitals in Delhi

Cancer is amongst the most fatal diseases and the second most common cause of death in India after cardiac problems. It is caused by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells and can happen in any part of the body. The five most common types of cancer in Indian population are breast, cervical, oral cavity, lung and colorectal.  As per WHO, India is one of those countries which has the highest number of cancer patients. Here are some facts related to cancer in India:

  • Estimated number of people living with the disease: around 2.5 million
  • Every year, new cancer patients registered: Over 7 lakh
  • Cancer-related deaths: 5,56,400

What causes cancer?

There can be a lot of reasons that cells mutate in the body. Some of the reasons that can lead to it are:

  • Genetics or family history
  • Use of tobacco or smoking
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Increased consumption of unhealthy or junk foods
  • Environmental risks

Treatment of cancer

There are a number of treatments that are available to treat cancer. The kind of treatment that can be opted, depends upon the type and stage of cancer. Few of the common methods are- surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy and biological therapy. The cost associated with cancer treatment is usually very high, and having a health insurance in such cases is required.

Some of the Cancer treatment hospitals in Delhi are listed below.

1. HCG SMH Curie Cancer Centre, Karkardooma, Delhi

Healthcare Global Enterprises Ltd (HCG), is one of India’s largest chain of hospitals, with more than 20 comprehensive cancer centers across India. HCG has advanced cancer care facilities and that can help patients better treatment & can also help improve the quality of life among cancer patients. Karkardooma center is headed by Dr. Randeep Singh, a well-reputed Oncologist.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

2. Rockland Hospital, Katwaria Sarai, Delhi

Rockland Hospitals Limited (RHL) was initially set up in Dec 2004 and has a dedicated department for cancer patients. There is a team of renowned oncologists who have a wide experience in treating different types of cancer. The hospital also has all the advanced cancer treatments and services that help in better diagnosis and also in better treatment with reduced pain.

Consultation fees: ₹150 - ₹1200

3. Batra Hospital And Medical Research Centre, Tughlaqabad, Delhi

Batra Hospital and Medical Research cancer center is amongst the best cancer hospitals in Delhi. It provides all three specialities- medical, radiation & surgical, under one roof. The center is one of the leading department with the highest standards.

Consultation fees:  ₹700

4. Bhagat Chandra Hospital, Dwarka, Delhi

Oncology or cancer care center at Bhagat Chandra Hospital is headed by highly experienced doctors. The cancer care unit has the latest and advanced technologies for cancer screening & early cancer detection. The center also provided complete treatment & management of the disease.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

5. Max Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, Delhi

Max hospital is known for its personalized and holistic approach for cancer treatment. They are equipped with latest technologies like EUS for real-time cancer staging, SBRT for Radiation therapy, tumor board and molecular oncology. They also have a dedicated day care chemotherapy centre, that is quite helpful while you are on chemo cycle.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

6. Action Cancer Hospital, Paschim Vihar, Delhi

Action Balaji hospital is known for its world class cancer facilities. The center is equipped with latest technology & equipments to provide the best possible treatment of this deadly disease.  

Consultation fees: ₹400 - ₹1050

7. Metro Hospital And Cancer Institute, Preet Vihar, Delhi

Metro hospitals is known for its team of oncologist, which consists of medical oncologists, surgeons and radiation oncologists. They have best in class infrastructure and comprehensive facilities that help in better diagnosis, management and treatment of cancer.

Consultation fees: ₹200 - ₹1000

8. Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute (PSRI Hospital), Sheikh Sarai, Delhi

PSRI cancer center provides best healthcare facility with the most advanced medical technology available anywhere in the world.they have a team of highly trained doctors of international repute along with researchers that work together, helping the patients with new and best treatment.

Consultation fees: ₹300 - ₹1200
 
9. BLK Hospital, Pusa Road, Delhi

At BLK cancer care, the focus is on personalized and comprehensive care to cure cancer. The team of specialists here follows the international standards of care and treatment. They use the latest technology and the most innovative, advanced therapies to diagnose and treat all types of cancer.

Consultation fees: ₹1500

10. Venkateshwar Hospital, Sector 18 Delhi

The Department of Medical Oncology at Venkateshwar Hospital is known for its compassionate and world class treatment. They have the latest diagnostic & treatment machines like PET-CT scanning, 3 Tesla MRI, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry and molecular diagnostics.

Consultation fees: ₹800

Chemotherapy Side Effects - Are You Aware Of Them?

Dr. Mukul Gharote 84% (35 ratings)
MBBS, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine
Oncologist, Nashik
Chemotherapy Side Effects - Are You Aware Of Them?

With cancer incidence on the rise, more and more people are receiving chemotherapy. This is, however, not without its set of side effects. These side effects have a bearing on both the physical as well as the emotional health of the patient. There were some reasons due to which chemotherapy side effects were often ignored.

Cancer assumes a bigger disease condition, and so side effects of chemotherapy (or anything else for that matter) assumes a much smaller role. Discussions always revolve around how the situation of the cancer is, and chemotherapy assumes a less role.

  1. The patient thinks that it was the expected response to the chemotherapy.
  2. They also assume that there might be no cure for that side effect.

All these necessitated the need for a systematic assessment tool. This has multiple benefits as below.

  1. It gives a structured framework for the doctor and the patient so that no points are missed during the discussion.
  2. It gives a guideline for the patient to look for chemotherapy side effects.
  3. It improves confidence, as the patient known what to expect from the chemotherapy.
  4. Overall patient outcomes can be improved

Features:
The Chemotherapy Symptom Assessment Scale (C-SAS) contains a checklist that contains symptoms which arise only out of chemotherapy treatment.

  1. It was introduced in 2002 and includes not just physical problems but also psychological and sexual issues.
  2. Developed with extensive inputs from both the patient and the doctor community, it has 24 questions. There is also a section for reporting of spontaneous symptoms.
  3. The patient records his symptoms on a regular basis, and this becomes a basis for discussion with the doctor at his next visit. It captures incidence, severity, and also how bothersome it is to the patient.
  4. There is also a section for nurses to include their comments, so the response to treatment to these symptoms is recorded.

Objectives: The C-SAS tool aims to:

  1. Improve reporting of symptoms pertaining to chemotherapy
  2. Help the patient understand the response to chemotherapy
  3. Help the medical fraternity understand the drug behavior
  4. Provide a structured framework for the doctor and patient discussions
  5. Collect more side effects for a particular chemotherapy regimen
  6. Improve overall quality of care

Challenges: Though the C-SAS is quite useful, there are still challenges to it, as below.

  1. Encouraging patients to use it. In many cases, the patients feel uncertain if a symptom is due to chemotherapy or part of cancer.
  2. Ensuring that the staff use it, not just to collect the symptoms but review and treat the symptoms.
  3. Getting some insights out of it, to get a holistic view of patient health.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3664 people found this helpful

Diet For Mouth Cancer Patients

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 91% (14560 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Diet For Mouth Cancer Patients

The challenge of a mouth cancer diet is your ability to eat enough of the right nutritional foods even while living with the side effects of treatment. To meet the challenge you may need to change the way you eat your food.
Body reactions to treatment
Once you are under surgery, radiation or chemotherapy, many of your body's healthy cells may be damaged or destroyed. Your body needs a higher amount of nutrition to repair the cells. Without this nutritional boost, you could face malnutrition. Malnutrition occurs when your body is forced to pull nutritional supplies from your fat or muscle tissue, because it is not getting enough in the food you eat and drink.
Often people stop eating or only eat a limited variety of foods when going through cancer treatment. This prevents them from getting the nutrition they need.

You need to maintain a diet rich in nutritional foods including:

Fruits and vegetables
Whole grain breads and cereals
Lean chicken, turkey and fish
Low-fat dairy products

You should cut back on salt, fat, alcohol and sugar. These items not only affect blood pressure, kidney function and your heart - but tests have shown that sugars can actually feed a tumor.Lack of interest in eating

You will probably find that the treatments you are receiving make it difficult to eat the proper foods. You may be experiencing:

Loss of appetite
Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhea or constipation
Blistered mouth or throat
Dry mouth
Changes in the taste of the food or in your ability to taste the food
Fatigue

The national cancer institute reports that about one-third of all cancer deaths are due to malnutrition. Your survival depends on your ability to maintain proper nutritional levels, even when side effects are debilitating.
Mouth cancer diet tips on specific mouth cancer diet exists. Your doctor or dietician will recommend that you concentrate on developing an eating plan that makes sure you receive vitamins and minerals your body will need to have a balanced diet.

You may find it difficult to eat with oral cancer. Nausea, soreness and loss of appetite may take away your will to eat, but these difficulties can be overcome with a few healthy eating tips:

Eat small meals.
Eat the most when your feel the best, such as in the morning or mid-day.
Rinse your mouth before eating to get rid of any unusual tastes.
Take very small bites and chew the food until it is liquefied in your mouth.
*eating after radiation

As radiation treatments continue, you may find that you are unable to tolerate some foods and that your mouth is too sensitive to enjoy eating. You can combat this by:

Avoiding acidic or strongly spiced foods
Using plastic utensils if you are experiencing metallic tastes
Trying soft or moist foods that are easier to chew and swallow. Poaching fish in liquids or adding creams and gravies to foods will make them easier to chew and swallow.
Avoiding foods that adhere to the roof or sides of the mouth

Eating after chemo

Sip fluids throughout the day, particularly if your mouth is blistered.
Avoid strong aromas that might increase your nausea.
Avoid hot foods, particularly those with steam. Steam carries nausea-producing aromas.
If eating or chewing solid food becomes too painful, sip nutritional supplement drinks such as boost or ensure.
Make blender drinks from fresh fruits combined with soy or whey protein powders.
Extra nutritional insurance with supplements
Your doctor and dietician will want you to get as many nutrients as possible from whole foods; however, they may also recommend that you supplement your eating by adding powdered or liquid nutritional supplements to blender drinks. Be sure and ask them for their ideas on what you should be eating and in what quantities.
Fill your plate
Divide your plate into quarters.
Fill half your plate with vegetables (five or more servings of fruits and veggies daily).
Fill a quarter of your plate with protein foods.
Fill a quarter of your plate with whole grains or starchy vegetables.
Macronutrient tips

Eating the right proportion of carbs, proteins, and fat is beneficial.
Eat protein at every meal.
Aim for 30 to 45 grams of fiber daily.
Focus on healthy fats, such as fatty fish, avocado, olives, nuts, seeds, nut butters, and plant-based oils.
Eat less than 30 percent of your calories from fat (fewer than 67 grams daily for a 2, 000-calorie diet).
Cancer-fighting add-ons
Add foods that are beneficial for fighting cancer because they are rich in phytochemicals and/or antioxidants (with the exception of water, which helps hydrate).

Consume 1 to 2 tablespoons of flax or chia seeds daily.
Drink 1 to 4 cups of green tea daily.
Drink plenty of water.
Season foods with herbs and spices.
Take a multivitamin supplement as recommended by your doctor.
Cancer-fighting food group lists

Fill half your plate with a variety of fruits and veggies. John hopkins medicine says fruits and veggies containing cancer-fighting phytochemicals (which help inhibit cancer cell growth) include:

Colorful produce source
Cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, kale, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, kohlrabi, watercress, bok choy, collards, rutabaga, mustard greens, and brussels sprouts
Carotenoids, which are found in green, orange, and dark yellow fruits and veggies
Cucurbitaceous (plants from the gourd family) fruits and veggies, such as muskmelon, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber, and squash
Umbelliferous (aromatic flowering plants) vegetables, such as carrots, celery, parsnip, and parsley
Solanaceous (nightshade) vegetables, such as tomatoes and eggplant
Other cancer-fighting fruits and veggies including citrus fruits, berries, apples, broccoli sprouts, legumes, garlic, shallots, leeks, and onions
Add the following phytochemical-rich herbs and spices to your diet to flavor food, as recommended by john hopkins medicine and ucsf medical center:

Fennel
Caraway seeds
Sage
Dill
Camphor
Mint
Basil
Licorice root

Choose protein-rich foods at each meal (especially plant proteins), including:

Grilled chicken
Turkey
Fish
Eggs
Nonfat greek yogurt
Soy products (tofu, tempeh) - note: soy appears to be beneficial for breast cancer patients, but specific amount recommendation aren't established
Peas
Legumes
Nuts and seeds
Nut butters
Eat up to 30 percent of your total calories from fat (67 grams or less daily for a 2, 000-calorie diet).

Choose healthy fats, such as:

Avocado
Plant-based oils
Nuts and seeds (walnuts, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, etc.)
Nut butters
Fish oil
Olives

Fill 1/4 your plate with whole grains and starchy vegetables, such as:

Corn
Peas
Legumes (lentils, black beans, kidney beans, etc.)
Whole grain cereals
Quinoa
Brown rice
Wild rice
Oatmeal
Barley

Hydrate your body with:

Water
Antioxidant-rich green tea
Vegetable juices. 
 

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1 person found this helpful

Going For Chemotherapy - 12 Things You Must Ask Before You Say Yes!

Dr. Syed Akram Kothwal 89% (11 ratings)
MBBS, Md - Radiation Oncology
Oncologist, Hyderabad
Going For Chemotherapy - 12 Things You Must Ask Before You Say Yes!

Ok, so now that cancer has been diagnosed, and the uncomfortable news that chemotherapy has to be undergone has been put across to the patient, what does a person do? What are his options? Can his/her life ever get back the same meaning and luxury as it had before? These are some of the common queries that would get formed in the mind of the person before undergoing chemotherapy. While chemotherapy itself can be physically daunting, preparing for it and acknowledging it can reduce the hardships and make us less vulnerable. There are also a series of questions to ask the physician before opting for it.

Before that, there is one basic fact that we should acknowledge. It is simply that chemotherapy is not 100% efficient. It has never been, and there are reasons it could never be. The simple fact being that chemotherapy destroys healthy cells along with cancerous cells. It is not selective in killing cancerous cells. The treatment also hampers the immune system to an extent thus making the body prone to a wide variety of infections and diseases. This can inflict serious damage if not properly prepared for. Now let us take a look at some important questions and queries that should be asked to a physician before opting for a chemotherapy treatment.

12 Things you must ask your doctor
1. Why is chemotherapy being recommended for me?
This is the first question to ask and to know why it has been suggested for you instead of other alternative methods.

2. How successful is it for my type of cancer?
Chemotherapy has to be successful or at least minimize the symptoms to an extent. Else there is no reason for you to undergo chemotherapy. Make sure that this aspect is discussed in detail with the physician.

3. What are the side effects?
This is one of the most important queries to be addressed. Chemotherapy is always with side effects - both short term and long term. They have to be addressed before opting for the treatment.


4. What will the treatment involve?
It is mandatory to know the treatment plan and the type of drugs that will be used.

5. What will be the duration of each treatment?
It is important to know the length of each treatment and duration. Some of the treatments have to be done in the hospital, and proper planning needs to be done before each cycle.

6. How many sessions will the chemotherapy treatment consist of?
A key point to be addressed is the number of sessions needed to make the chemotherapy a success.

7. What are the drugs that would be taken?
Knowing the drugs will play a significant role in identifying the disease. Kindly ensure that the physician discusses in detail about the types of drug used.

8. Are there any other drugs that could be used for fewer side effects?
Consult with your physician about your aversions and check if there are other drugs that can minimize the side effects.

9. What would be the other treatment along with the chemotherapy?
Get to know the other treatments that you have to undertake along with chemotherapy. Usually, these types of treatments would be taken to minimize the side effects.

10. Are there any other drugs that are undergoing trials that could be prescribed for me?
This is a general awareness, and since research is always done for improving the treatment, the doctor can advise on the new types of drugs that are available in the market.

11. Is there any alternative treatment available than chemotherapy?
Alternative treatments are mostly rare but you can check across with the physician to get a general awareness.

12. Who is the emergency contact person if I get unwell during treatment?
Have the contact number always with you. There can be some side effects and illness that have to be addressed without losing time when undergoing the treatment.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3079 people found this helpful

3 Treatment Methods You Can Undergo If You Have Paraganglioma

Dr. Irfan Shaikh 84% (10 ratings)
MCh Urology & Transplant Surgeon, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Urologist, Pune
3 Treatment Methods You Can Undergo If You Have Paraganglioma

Paraganglioma is a rare condition where tumors grow in the peripheral nervous system. Basically, these tumors are found near nerve clusters in the adrenal gland and even near certain blood vessels. There is no way to ascertain, whether these tumors are malignant or benign, which is why doctors should monitor such growths at regular intervals to check for cancer. Sometimes, the tumors may be caused outside the adrenal gland. These growths are often known as extra-adrenal paragangliomas. If you or anyone else you know suffers from paragangliomas, here are 3 ways by which this condition can be treated -

  1. Surgery: Almost all patients suffering from paragangliomas are recommended to undergo surgery. This is the best course of treatment and ensures that the tumor is removed from the source. However, owing to certain medical conditions, some people may not be able to undergo surgery. For these patients, other forms of treatment have to be used. However, if you are cleared for surgery, you will need to prepare for the same extensively. For instance, alpha-blockers will be used at least 10 to 14 days prior to the operation. These medications will ensure that the effects of adrenaline can be limited during the administration of anesthesia during the surgery. Doctors will also check whether the alpha blockers are working. Just 3-4 days prior to the operation, the patient may also be prescribed beta blockers, in a bid to slow down the heart. The surgery is caused with the help of general anesthesia and the patient is put to sleep. In most cases, an open surgery is conducted to remove the paraganglioma tumor. However, minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries may also be successful in some cases. Generally, laparoscopic surgeries have a shorter recovery period and lesser pain post operation.
  2. Medical therapy: If the patient suffering from the paraganglioma cannot be operated upon, he/she needs to undergo treatment with medicines. While these are effective in reducing the level of adrenaline in the body, medication alone is rarely as effective as surgery.
  3. Radiation therapy: If the tumor from paraganglioma turns malignant or cancerous, standard treatment comprising medicines and surgery may not be feasible. In such cases, radiation therapy may be the best course to follow. Chemotherapy may also be prescribed for dealing with these cancer cells.

At any rate, it is essential to start treatment for paragangliomas immediately after it is diagnosed. Leaving the condition unattended can lead to severe complications that may be difficult to treat.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3174 people found this helpful

Chemotherapy - Keep Yourself Hydrated to Get Through It!

Dr. Monish De 89% (68 ratings)
MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Medicine, Fellowship In Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Kolkata
Chemotherapy - Keep Yourself Hydrated to Get Through It!

Chemotherapy can be frightening, and the very thought of going through it can be an ordeal for most people. Many resources and tips can be used to minimize the discomfort and lessen the burden. Let us have a look at a few of these.

  1. Support network: Chemotherapy can be physically daunting and more than the treatment a person needs all the emotional and moral support he/she can get. Have friends and family always by your side. You can have peace of mind when there is a person you can trust and bank upon in taking care of you.
  2. Discuss the medication with your oncologist: Before understanding the treatments have a detailed discussion about the current medication you are undergoing, as this may hamper the chemotherapy treatment. The dosage has to be adjusted accordingly.
  3. Keep the body hydrated: Your body gets dehydrated on the day of the treatment. Please ensure that the body is properly hydrated and plenty of fluids are there in the body.
  4. Be comfortable: Taking chemotherapy can have an effect on your morale. Hence make sure that you are keeping yourself occupied with books and games or your favorite music to while away the time.
  5. Wear comfortable clothes: This makes all the difference in the treatment as having loose fitting clothes can relive pressures in your mind. Always choose clothes that you are comfortable in.
  6. Ask questions: Chemotherapy treatments can and will cause side effects. Hence ask and keep yourself updated as much as possible. More importantly after the treatment ask questions on the possible recuperation period and how best to go about it.
  7. Symptoms of nausea and vomiting: It is natural that most of the patients feel light headed or have a vomiting sensation when undergoing the treatment. Always make sure that the doctor or the nurse knows about it. Make yourself as comfortable as possible. Some medications to prevent nausea can be had along with the chemotherapy drugs.
  8. Avoiding infection: Chemotherapy affects the immune system of the body. Hence it can get easily susceptible to diseases. Have a general cleanliness around your surroundings. Avoid crowds if possible and keep your hands always clean and wear clean, comfortable clothes that don't stick to the body.
  9. Right diet: Chemotherapy makes you prone to weight loss. Hence having the desired nutritional levels is mandatory. Consult a dietician and eat healthy. It is not advisable to gain weight either during or after chemotherapy.
  10. Adequate Rest: Our body needs all the rest that it can get when undergoing chemotherapy. Make sure that the body gets proper sleep and is relaxed. You can try for meditation and simple yoga exercises that can help in rejuvenating the body.
  11. Skin Care: Prolonged treatment can affect the moisture content in the skin. Have a good skin cream and lotions handy to take care of it. In some cases, chemotherapy causes hair fall. Make sure that a proper wig or a treatment plan is made beforehand to take care of the issues.

Chemotherapy treatment can be emotionally daunting. Having a few precautions like the ones stated above can make all the difference in how successful we are in coping with it.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2785 people found this helpful

11 Tips To Help You Get Through Chemotherapy!

Dr. Roopesh N 92% (14 ratings)
Post Doctoral Fellowship In Gynecologic Oncology, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Oncologist, Bangalore
11 Tips To Help You Get Through Chemotherapy!

Chemotherapy can be frightening, and the very thought of going through it can be an ordeal for most people. Many resources and tips can be used to minimize the discomfort and lessen the burden.

Let us have a look at a few of these.

  1. Support network: Chemotherapy can be physically daunting and more than the treatment a person needs all the emotional and moral support he/she can get. Have friends and family always by your side. You can have peace of mind when there is a person you can trust and bank upon in taking care of you.
  2. Discuss the medication with your oncologist: Before understanding the treatments have a detailed discussion about the current medication you are undergoing, as this may hamper the chemotherapy treatment. The dosage has to be adjusted accordingly.
  3. Keep the body hydrated: Your body gets dehydrated on the day of the treatment. Please ensure that the body is properly hydrated and plenty of fluids are there in the body.
  4. Be comfortable: Taking chemotherapy can have an effect on your morale. Hence make sure that you are keeping yourself occupied with books and games or your favorite music to while away the time.
  5. Wear comfortable clothes: This makes all the difference in the treatment as having loose fitting clothes can relive pressures in your mind. Always choose clothes that you are comfortable in.
  6. Ask questions: Chemotherapy treatments can and will cause side effects. Hence ask and keep yourself updated as much as possible. More importantly after the treatment ask questions on the possible recuperation period and how best to go about it.
  7. Symptoms of nausea and vomiting: It is natural that most of the patients feel light headed or have a vomiting sensation when undergoing the treatment. Always make sure that the doctor or the nurse knows about it. Make yourself as comfortable as possible. Some medications to prevent nausea can be had along with the chemotherapy drugs.
  8. Avoiding infection: Chemotherapy affects the immune system of the body. Hence it can get easily susceptible to diseases. Have a general cleanliness around your surroundings. Avoid crowds if possible and keep your hands always clean and wear clean, comfortable clothes that don't stick to the body.
  9. Right diet: Chemotherapy makes you prone to weight loss. Hence having the desired nutritional levels is mandatory. Consult a dietician and eat healthy. It is not advisable to gain weight either during or after chemotherapy.
  10. Adequate Rest: Our body needs all the rest that it can get when undergoing chemotherapy. Make sure that the body gets proper sleep and is relaxed. You can try for meditation and simple yoga exercises that can help in rejuvenating the body.
  11. Skin Care: Prolonged treatment can affect the moisture content in the skin. Have a good skin cream and lotions handy to take care of it. In some cases, chemotherapy causes hair fall. Make sure that a proper wig or a treatment plan is made beforehand to take care of the issues.

Chemotherapy treatment can be emotionally daunting. Having a few precautions like the ones stated above can make all the difference in how successful we are in coping with it.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2968 people found this helpful

Targeted Chemotherapy - How It Works?

Dr. Dinesh Singh 89% (71 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Radio Therapy
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
Targeted Chemotherapy - How It Works?

In the past, cancer was a disease that could not be cured. It was a threat to mankind. But as science has developed tremendously through all these years, today it is possible to fight cancer.
Cancer therapies have evolved with time. Until the late 90s, most of the drugs worked by killing the cancer cells. Some of the normal cells were also killed by them, but it was acceptable due to the huge effect on cancer cells.

In modern days, targeted therapies are being performed. Targeted therapy is a process of cancer treatment where instead of the cancer cells, the changes in the cells are targeted. Changes that help the cells grow, divide and thus spread cancer have been observed and so researchers can diagnose the right treatment that can block these affects and prevent cancer. This therapy uses drugs and it is different from traditional chemotherapy.

There are two types of Targeted therapy.

  • Small-molecule drugs: These drugs are small so that they can enter cells easily and target the changes inside the cells. They are taken as pills. They work by keeping the tissue around the tumor and starve it by stopping blood vessels that bring it nutrients.
  • Monoclonal antibodies: These are used to target the outer surface of cancer cells. They work like a plastic plug in an electric socket. They help chemotherapy and radiation therapy to cure cancer cells.

Targeted therapies are used in the fields below

How It Works:
Targeted therapy can be used as a treatment option for cancer in the following ways:

  1. Destroy cancer cells: Cancer cells hide well from the immune system. This therapy points them out so that the immune system can destroy them. It also boosts the immune system to work better.
  2. Stop cancer cells growth: This therapy interferes with the proteins that divides the cancer cells and thus controls their growth.
  3. Kill the tumor: Blood vessels feed the cancer tumor. This therapy surrounds the tumor and stops the blood supply so that the tumor does not grow and remains small. And if the tumor already has blood supply, then it kills the blood vessels and causes the tumor to shrink.
  4. Deliver cell-killing substances: It delivers the cell-killing substances to the cancer cells. They are the monoclonal antibodies that are combined with chemotherapy drugs, toxins and radiation.
  5. Cause cancer cell death: Cancer cells avoid the dying process. These therapies cause them to go through the process.

Side Effects:
Targeted therapies are less toxic than standard chemotherapy. So it is a better option but it still has some side effects.

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Liver problems
  3. Skin problems
  4. Problems with wound healing
  5. Difficulty with blood clotting
  6. High blood pressure
  7. Gastrointestinal perforation

Even though it has some side effects, it is still way better and much more effective than traditional chemotherapy. So, cancer patients are advised to go through this modern-day therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3517 people found this helpful

Radiotherapy - How It Can Help In Treating Lung Cancer?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS
Oncologist, Kolkata
Radiotherapy - How It Can Help In Treating Lung Cancer?

Radiotherapy is a kind of treatment that kills the cancer cells by using high-energy beams. Specialists use radiotherapy to treat a wide range of lung cancer. For early stage lung cancer, the radiotherapy may get rid of the cancer totally.

For the small cell lung cancer you may have radiotherapy only. Then again you may have it with another treatment, for example, chemotherapy or surgery.

For small cell lung cancer, radiotherapy is used with or after chemotherapy. Chemotherapy makes the tumor in the lung shrink. You may have radiotherapy to your cerebrum, which tackles any cancer cells that may have spread to the brain. This is called prophylactic cranial illumination (PCI).

In case of advanced lung cancer, the treatment contracts the tumor and controls it for a while. It additionally decreases symptoms like shortness of breath.

The types of radiotherapy used for the lungs include:

Outer radiotherapy: This kind of radiotherapy comes from a machine and is administered to the body through an external source. It depends on the kind of cancer and the progression of the same.

You may have three radiotherapy sittings every day for around 12 days. This sort of radiotherapy is known as CHART – ceaseless hyperfractionated quickened radiotherapy. A few people with small cell lung cancer may have treatment twice a day.

If you are getting radiotherapy to control the side effects of lung cancer, you may have a single treatment or day by day medications for up to 3 weeks.

Inner radiotherapy: This is called brachytherapy or endobronchial treatment. This will be administered during a bronchoscopy. The radiation is given through a thin tube that the specialist puts inside your aviation route for a few of minutes.

Specialists use this sort of treatment to shrink a tumor that is blocking or pushing your breathing track and making breathing troublesome for you.

These are some of the procedures that take place while you are having lung cancer radiotherapy:

  1. Radiotherapy machines are enormous. The machines are fixed in one position or are sometimes ready to go around your body to give treatment from various angles.
  2. Prior to your first treatment, your radiographers will clarify what you will hear and see. The treatment rooms normally have docks for you to connect to music players. So you can listen to your own choice of music.
  3. You cannot feel radiotherapy when you really have the treatment. It takes anything from one second to a few minutes. It is essential to lie similarly situated every time, so the radiographers may take a short time to get you prepared.
  4. Once you are in the right position, the staff will allow you to sit in the space for a couple of minutes. They watch you constantly on a closed circuit TV screen. They may request that you hold your breath or take shallow breaths during the treatment.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Radiotherapy - Is It Beneficial For Lung Cancer?

Dr. Harpreet Singh 90% (190 ratings)
MD - Radiation Oncology, MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Oncologist, Delhi
Radiotherapy - Is It Beneficial For Lung Cancer?

As much as you want to avoid, there are things you have no control over. Lung cancer (Bronchogenic Carcinomas) is one such nemesis that can throw life in shambles. The malignant tumor that originates in the lungs slowly spreads onto the other distinct and vital organs as well. Thought to be mostly affecting men who are chain smokers and into severe tobacco consumption, incidences of lung cancer in women are rising at an alarming rate over the past few years. Non-smokers may also be susceptible (to a lesser extent though) to lung cancer.

Lung cancer can be either

  • Non-small cell lung cancers: The NSCLC, accounting for ~85% of the lung cancer is one of the most common types of lung cancer affecting people, NSCLC may further be divided into
  • Adenocarcinoma: This type of NSCLC originates mostly in the peripheral regions of the lungs and may affect (spread) the lymph nodes. Non-smokers and women are mostly at the receiving end (other than the chain smokers).
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Also known as Epidermoid Carcinoma, often affects men, epidermoid carcinoma may originate in the tissues that line the bronchial tubes. The lymph nodes are often affected by Epidermoid Carcinoma.
  • Large-cell Undifferentiated Carcinoma: The point of origin of large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma is the surface of the lungs. They have a higher probability of spreading to the lymph nodes.
  • Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma: Though rare, bronchioalveolar carcinoma originates close to the air sacs.
  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC, accounting for ~25% of the lung cancer): As the name suggests, SCLC is marked by the rapid proliferation of small cells into large malignant tumors. SCLC can move throughout the body (affecting vital organs).

Radiotherapy to treat Lung cancer:
Radiotherapy plays a pivotal role in the treatment of lung cancer. The radiation therapy is mainly of two types

  • External beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
  • Internal radiation therapy (Brachytherapy)

In external beam radiation therapy, high-energy rays are focused on the cancer cells (thereby resulting in the apoptosis of the cancer cells) externally, from outside the body. EBRT is particularly helpful in case of Non-small cell lung cancers.

The EBRT may be of the following types

  • 3D-CRT (Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy): An advanced radiation therapy, 3D-CRT accurately marks the position of the cancer cells (using advanced computers). The treatment ensures minimum damage to the other healthy cells and tissues (energy rays are directed at the affected cells from different positions).
  • SBRT (Stereotactic body radiation therapy): This is a radiation therapy used in the treatment of NSCLC, when it is at a nascent stage.
  • IMRT (Intensity modulated radiation therapy): As the name suggests, in IMRT, the intensity of the radiation reaching the normal tissues and cells can be modulated. Like 3D-CRT, the radiation in IMRT is directed from different angles (for maximum results).
  • Internal radiation therapy (Brachytherapy): This type of radiation therapy is generally used to deal with lung cancers that tend to block the airways. In this therapy, the radiation process is carried out through a narrow tube, thereby, shrinking and collapsing the tumor.

The effect, dosage, and duration of radiation therapy depend on the stage and severity of the condition. In some cases, radiation therapy may be given together with chemotherapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2817 people found this helpful
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