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Cataract Tips

Pre-Surgery Testing - Do You Think It Is Important?

Asg Eye Hospital 87% (10 ratings)
ABC
Ophthalmologist, Jodhpur
Pre-Surgery Testing - Do You Think It Is Important?

Any patient who needs to undergo cataract surgery must be evaluated in a thorough manner so as to establish the requirement, appropriateness, expected surgical problems, expected benefits and co-morbid conditions having an influence on cataract surgery.

The preoperative assessment consists of -

A test for your existing glasses prescription:

It is useful for your cataract surgeon to know your existing glasses prescription in cases where there is a high refractive error (people who are very short or long sighted), in order to plan to correct this error after cataract surgery.

A full ocular examination: This includes looking at:

  • The eyelid anatomy and inflammation.
  • The state of the tear film, dry eye changes could make surgery difficult
  • The presence of abnormalities in the cornea that could make visualisation of the cataract difficult during surgery.
  • The amount of dilation the iris undergoes with dilating drops.
  • The type of cataract. Soft cataracts can be aspirated. Hard cataracts need more ultra-sound energy and surgical time to break up and remove. White cataracts may need trypan blue staining to visualize the capsule
  • The measurement of intra-ocular pressure. With this test, we aim to exclude glaucoma and ensure optimal control of immediate pre-operative and intra-operative eye pressures often with extra eye drops that temporarily lower eye pressure.

Biometry Tests: This is a simple pre-operative measurement. It calculates the correct power of artificial intra-ocular lens. They will be implanted into your eye once your cataract is removed.

Corneal Topography: This is a test to map out the corneal curvature in greater detail. It is used prior to premium IOL Implantation like Toric IOLS either monofocal or multifocal , to ensure avoid postoperative refractive errors. This extra test is only required if the biometry readings show larger than normal differences in keratometry readings.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): This test allows detailed visualisation of the macula (the central sensitive part of the retina used for fine vision). If the ophthalmologist suspects any macula changes that may prevent a patient from visual improvement after cataract surgery, he always suggest optical coherence tomography.

Blood Pressure Measurements: It is very important to know your blood pressure measurements before your cataract operation. The risk of having a bleed at the back of your eye during cataract surgery (supra-choroidal haemorrhage) is very small (1 in 10000). But is higher if you have uncontrolled blood pressure.

Blood Sugar Measurements in Diabetic Patients: Cataract surgery itself does not affect your blood sugar measurements if you are diabetic. A routine checkup of blood sugars in diabetics before cataract surgery is done and the surgery if often delayed if the levels were greater than 20mmol/L as the risk of post-operative infection is higher.

2 people found this helpful

Cataract Risk Factors - What Should You Know?

Dr. Harshavardhan Ghorpade 89% (33 ratings)
MBBS, MS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Cataract Risk Factors - What Should You Know?

Cataract usually affects people who are above 40. It is a blurring of the eye’s lens, which lies at the back of pupil and iris. It is the most usual cause behind the loss of vision for people above 40. Research also states that it is a major cause of blindness in the world.

Types of cataracts:

  1. Subcapsular cataract: People who are diabetic and those are taking high steroids are more prone to subcapsular cataract. In this type, the cataract develops at the back of the lens.
  2. Nuclear cataract: A nuclear cataract is related to aging. It usually affects the central portion of the lens of the eye.
  3. Cortical cataract: It is a white opacity, which begins from the periphery of the lens and spreads up to the center of the lens in a spot-like manner. It usually affects the cortex of the lens.

Symptoms:

  1. In the beginning, cataract affects a small portion of your eye and affects your vision.
  2. Your vision gradually gets blurred.
  3. Too much exposure to the light might cause glare.
  4. In nuclear cataract, you may notice a short-lived improvement of your near vision.
  5. In subcapsular cataract, you cannot notice any symptoms in the initial days.

Cause of cataract:
The lens inside our eyes acts like a camera and it is made of protein and water. The protein helps in keeping the lens clear. But with aging, the protein may start to form a lump, which causes cloudiness in the eye area. With time the cataract spreads all over the lens and creates more cloudiness, which ultimately leads to blindness. The factors which usually trigger cataract are

  1. Age
  2. UV rays from sunlight
  3. Obesity
  4. Hypertension
  5. Smoking
  6. Consumption of high dosage steroids medicines
  7. Statin medicines
  8. History of eye inflammation or any eye injury
  9. History of eye surgery
  10. Too much consumption of alcohol
  11. Hormone replacement therapy
  12. Family history of cataract

Prevention of cataract:
It cannot be guaranteed whether cataract can be prevented or not. A study shows that cataract is caused due to the oxidative changes in the lens of the eye. Nutrition studies have shown that consuming vegetables and fruits, which are high in antioxidants, may help in preventing cataract. Dietary intake of vitamin E, carotenoids lutein, and zeaxanthin from supplements and food items can decrease the risk of developing a cataract. Sunflower seeds, spinach and almonds are good sources of vitamin E. Kale, spinach, other leafy green veggies are the good sources of zeaxanthin and lutein. Food items that contain Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin C decrease the chances of cataract.

Last, but not the least, when you step out, always wear a sunglasses, which has the ability to block UV rays.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4203 people found this helpful

Ayurvedic Cataract Treatment

Dr. Mahender Kumar Gera 87% (85 ratings)
B.A.M.S.
Ayurveda, Rewari
Ayurvedic Cataract Treatment

In Ayurveda this disease is called timira or linga nasha. Aggravated vata is considered to be responsible for the manifestation of this disease. One of the properties of vata is to make things dry up. When the lens of the eye loses its transparency, vision becomes blocked. This condition is known as a cataract.

If treated at an early stage, Ayurvedic treatment is very effective in cataract. During Ayurvedic treatment the aim is to alleviate the aggravated body energies and nourishing and strengthen the nerves and tissues of the eye.

Diet & Lifestyle Advice

  • To correct aggravated vata, ghee is highly recommended in cataract, especially, maha triphala ghee. Maha triphala ghee provides nourishment and strengthens the nerves and other tissues of the eye ball. For a person suffering from cataract, it is of utmost importance that he remains free from constipation. Therefore, triphala is good in constipation as well as beneficial for eyesight.
  • Cow’s ghee, milk, butter, rice, wheat, moong dal, banana, methi, spinach, grapes, pomegranates, apples and oranges are recommended.
  • Cataract sufferers should avoid pungent, bitter, sour and saline food.
  • They should avoid excessive heat and exposure to sun.
  • Avoid excess worry, anxiety and anger because it aggravates vata and pitta doshas.
1 person found this helpful

Cataract - Defining The Types In Detail!

Asg Eye Hospital 87% (10 ratings)
ABC
Ophthalmologist, Jodhpur
Cataract - Defining The Types In Detail!

One of the most common ailments that affect elders the most is cataract. Cataract develops gradually and can occur in one or both eyes and if not treated in time can cause blindness. Most cataracts are not visible to the naked eye, but in some cases, a dense cataract can make the pupil appear white. A cataract can be defined as a dense, cloudy build up of protein masses on the eye lens. This obstructs the light falling on the retina and does not allow the retina to form a clear image.

Advancing in age is one of the most common causes of cataracts. Along with this, there are several other factors that play a role in the development of cataracts as well. These include smoking,exposure to ultraviolet radiation, long term use of steroids, trauma, radiation therapy and diabetes. Anything that triggers an overproduction of chemically altered oxygen molecules in the body can increase your risk of suffering from this condition. Hypertension and a family history of cataracts can also put you at a higher risk of developing cataracts. Poor nutrition or a diet that is deficient in antioxidants can also put you at a high risk of suffering from this condition.

Cataracts can be categorized on the basis of where and how they develop in the eye. This categorization is based on location:

  1. Nuclear Cataract: These develop in the middle of the lens and turn the center of the eye yellow. Nuclear cataracts are typically associated with aging.
  2. Cortical cataract: These develop around the edges of the nucleus and are wedge shaped. Gradually, spokes emitted from these wedges work themselves towards the center of the eye.
  3. Posterior capsular cataract: These are among the faster growing cataracts and develop at the back of the lens.They are also known as subcapsular cataracts. Cataracts triggered by diabetes or the prolonged use of steroids usually fall in this category.

Categorization based on how they develop:

  • Congenital cataract: These are present at birth or develop within the first year of a baby's life. Congenital cataracts are rare.
  • Secondary cataract: These are triggered as a side effect of medications or diseases like glaucoma and diabetes. Prolonged use of steroids like prednisone can also lead to the development of such cataracts.
  • Traumatic cataract: Cataract  that is developed as a result of an injury to the eye is known as traumatic cataracts. They have a very slow rate of development.
  • Radiation cataract: It develops as a side effect of radiation therapy used to treat cancer.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4123 people found this helpful

Cataract Surgery - Know More About It!

Dr. Sanghamitra Burman 91% (10 ratings)
MD Ophthalmology, Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS)
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
Cataract Surgery - Know More About It!

A cataract is defined as a clouding of lens in the eye where your vision gets blurred. A cataract affects the eyes, when light that passes through the lens prevents a clearly formed image from reaching your retina. The disease is very common and usually develops as your eyes age or due to any injury caused to the tissues that cover your eye's lens.

Types of cataracts:

  1. Senile CataractThis is the commonest of all. It is age-related clouding of the lens. It can affect the near or distance vision and can also cause glare and change in glasses power.
  2. Secondary Cataract: It can be developed after surgery for other eye problems like glaucoma and other health conditions such as diabetes.
  3. Traumatic Cataract: It can develop many years later after an injury caused to your eye.
  4. Congenital Cataract: As the term explains, the disease may be inborn or some children might develop it at a later stage which often affects both eyes. 
  5. Radiation Cataract: It can form after you are exposed to some form of radiation.

A cataract surgery involves the extraction or cleaning of the cloudy lens, which is then replaced by a clear artificial lens.

Why does it happen? 

There are lens that lies behind our iris and pupil which act much like a camera lens. It helps concentrate light onto the retina at the back of our eye to form a sharply defined image. Besides, the lens also helps our eyes to adjust focus and allows us to see things clearly both far away and up close. The lens is composed of protein and water where the protein is arranged in a manner to keep the lens clear thereby letting light pass through it. 

However, as we grow old, some of the protein starts to become thick and cloud a small lens area. This is known as a cataract. With the passage of time, it may inflate and cover more of the lens, making it difficult for us to see.

Besides, there are other causes of cataract such as smoking, addiction of alcohol, prolonged sunlight exposure, to name a few. 

When should you opt for a cataract surgery?

Believe it or not, but till date no eye drop or medication has proven to reverse or prevent the formation of a cataract. If a cataract is affecting your nearsightedness or alteration in your prescription, then new prescription eyeglasses may help to better your blurred vision. However, the only treatment for a cataract is the surgical removal of your natural lens. And, most eye doctors recommend this surgery only when the problem becomes severe and starts hampering your day-to-day activities, such as studying or driving at night.

1 person found this helpful

Cataract and Phaco Surgery - What Should You Know?

Dr. Ravi Thadani 91% (856 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Cataract and Phaco Surgery - What Should You Know?

Cataracts are a common eye problem experienced by the elderly. In some cases, babies may also be born with cataract as a congenital defect or it may develop as a result of conditions such as diabetes. Cataracts can affect one or both eyes and is characterized by the clouding of the lens in the eye. This can make it difficult to see clearly and if not treated in time can lead to blindness.

Common symptoms of cataract include:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Nearsightedness
  3. Changes in the perception of colour
  4. Night blindness
  5. Increased sensitivity to glares
  6. Double vision

An eye examination is the first step to diagnosing cataracts. To confirm a diagnosis the doctor will also dilate the pupil to check the lens. Most cataracts can be easily treated with surgery. This surgery involves the separation of the cataract from the lens and its removal after which an intraocular lens implant is placed in the eye. In cases where this cannot be used, corrective contact lenses or glasses will need to be used. One of the most popular methods of cataract surgery is known as phaco surgery or phacoemulsification.

This surgery involves making two, small incisions on the eye where the cornea meets the sclera. This is then used to create a circular opening in the lens through which a probe is inserted into the eye. Sound waves or laser is then used to break the cataract into small pieces. This is then removed from the eyes and an intraocular lens implant is put in its place. Stitches are rarely required for this surgery and it is usually performed as an outpatient procedure while the patient is under local anaesthesia. When treating cataract, both eyes are usually not addressed simultaneously.

This surgery is usually pain free. The operated eye may be bandaged overnight and the patient will be given a protective eye shield to be worn for a week. The doctor will ask you to get a check up 2-3 days after the surgery where they can evaluate the clarity of the lens, overall health of the eye, eye pressure and visual acuity.

Cataract surgery is generally considered to be a safe surgery but like any other surgery there are risks involved. Some of the possible complications of this type of surgery include:

  1. Pain and redness of the eye
  2. Vision problems
  3. Swelling of the eye
  4. Discharge from the eye
  5. Flashes or floaters in the patient’s vision

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3836 people found this helpful

Motiyabind ka Treatment - मोतियाबिंद का इलाज

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (52 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Motiyabind ka Treatment - मोतियाबिंद का इलाज

हमारे देश में एक ऐसी बीमारी है जो ज्यादातर बुजुर्ग लोगों में देखा जाता है इनमें से भी महिलाओं की संख्या ज्यादा होती है. मोतियाबिंद की बीमारी भरोसा हमारी आंखों के लेंस में धुंधलापन आने के कारण होती है. इससे हमारी आंखों में देखने की क्षमता में कमी आ जाती है. ऐसा तब होता है जब आंखों में प्रोटीन के गुच्छे जमा होने लगते हैं और यह गुच्छे बैलेंस को रेटिना का स्पष्ट चित्र भेजने से भेजने में बाधा पहुंचाते हैं. दरअसल रेटिना लेंस के माध्यम से संकेतो में प्राप्त होने वाली रोशनी को परिवर्तित करने का काम करता है. यह संकेत को ऑप्टिक तंत्रिका तक पहुंचाकर फिर उन्हें मस्तिष्क में ले जाता है मोतियाबिंद की बीमारी अक्षर धीरे-धीरे विकसित होती है और यह दोनों आंखों को प्रभावित कर सकती है इसमें रंगों का फीका देखना धुंधला दिखना प्रकाश की चाल रोशनी जैसी परेशानियां उत्पन्न हो सकती हैं. मोतियाबिंद में न्यूक्लियर मोतियाबिंद महिलाओं में ज्यादा देखने में आता है. आइए अब हम मोतियाबिंद के उपचार के बारे में समझें.
मोतियाबिंद का उपचार

  • मोतियाबिंद उपचार मरीज के दृष्टि के स्तर पर आधारित है. इस जांच के स्तर को देखने के बाद अगर मोतियाबिंद दृष्टि को कम प्रभावित करता है या बिल्कुल नहीं करता तो कोई इलाज की आवश्यकता नहीं होती. ऐसे मरीजों को ये सलाह दी जाती है कि अपने लक्षणों का ध्यान रखें और नियमित चेक-अप कराते रहें.
  • कई बार ऐसा होता है कि चश्मा बदलने मात्र से ही दृष्टि में अस्थायी सुधार हो जाता है. इसके अलावा, चश्मा के लेंस पर एंटी-ग्लेयर की परत लगवाने से रात में ड्राइविंग में मदद मिल सकती है और पढ़ने में उपयोग होने वाले प्रकाश की मात्रा में वृद्धि करना भी फायदेमंद हो सकता है.
  • जब मोतियाबिंद का स्तर काफी बढ़ जाता है तब यह किसी व्यक्ति की रोजमर्रा की सामान्य कार्य करने की क्षमता को प्रभावित करने लगता है. ऐसे में सर्जरी की आवश्यकता हो सकती है. मोतियाबिंद सर्जरी बहुत आसान होती है इसमें आंखों के लेंस को हटाकर इसे एक अर्टिफिशियल लेंस से बदल दिया जाता है.

मोतियाबिंद सर्जरी के दृष्टिकोण

  • स्माल-इंसीज़न - इसमें कॉर्निया (आंख का स्पष्ट बाहरी आवरण) के पास एक चीरा लगाकर आंखों में एक छोटा सा औज़ार डाला जाता है. यह औज़ार अल्ट्रासाउंड तरंगों का उत्सर्जन करता है जो लेंस नरम करता है जिससे वह टूट जाता है और उसे बाहर निकालकर उसे बदल देते हैं.
  • एक्स्ट्राकैप्सुलर सर्जरी – इस सर्जरी में कॉर्निया में एक बड़ा चीरा लगाया जाता है ताकि लेंस को एक टुकड़े में निकला जा सके. इसके बाद प्राकृतिक लेंस को एक स्पष्ट प्लास्टिक लेंस से बदल दिया जाता है जिसे इंट्राओक्युलर लेंस (आईओएल) कहा जाता है.
  • नियमित जांच से - मोतियाबिंद को रोकने का कोई बहुत प्रभावी तरीका नहीं है. लेकिन कुछ जीवन शैली की कुछ आदतों में बदलाव करके इसके विकास को धीमा किया जा सकता है. इसके लिए नियमित तौर पर अपनी आँखों की जाँच कराना चाहिए क्योंकि नियमित रूप से आँखों की जाँच कराने से आपके डॉक्टर अपनी आँखों में होने वाली परेशानियों का जल्दी निदान कर पाएंगे.
  • नशीले पदार्थों का सेवन बंद करके - मोतियाबिंद पर हुए कई शोधों में ये पाया गया है कि सिगरेट व शराब का सेवन ज़्यादा करने वाले लोगों में मोतियाबिंद होने का खतरा अधिक होता है.इसलिए इसके सेवन से बचें.
  • स्वास्थ्यवर्धक भोजन करें - हम सभी के लिए एक स्वस्थ आहार प्राथमिकता होनी चाहिए. हमें अपने आहार में हरी पत्तेदार सब्ज़ियां, एंटीऑक्सीडेंट्स युक्त खाद्य पदार्थ, विटामिन सी और विटामिन ई की भरपूर मात्रा लेनी चाहिए.
  • सूर्य की सीधी रौशनी से बचें - सूर्य की रौशनी से अपनी आँखों को ढकें पराबैंगनी विकिरण से मोतियाबिंद होने का जोखिम बढ़ जाता इसीलिए अपने जोखिम को कम करने के लिए किसी भी मौसम में यूवीए/यूवीबी से बचने वाला धूप का चश्मा और टोपी पहनें.
6 people found this helpful

All About Cataract Surgery!

Dr. Reema 83% (10 ratings)
DOMS, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Gurgaon
All About Cataract Surgery!

A cataract is defined as a clouding of lens in the eye where your vision gets blurred. A cataract affects the eyes, when light that passes through the lens prevents a clearly formed image from reaching your retina. The disease is very common and usually develops as your eyes age or due to any injury caused to the tissues that cover your eye's lens.

Types of cataracts:

  1. Senile Cataract: This is the commonest of all. It is age-related clouding of the lens. It can affect the near or distance vision and can also cause glare and change in glasses power.
  2. Secondary Cataract: It can be developed after surgery for other eye problems like glaucoma and other health conditions such as diabetes.
  3. Traumatic Cataract: It can develop many years later after an injury caused to your eye.
  4. Congenital Cataract: As the term explains, the disease may be inborn or some children might develop it at a later stage which often affects both eyes. 
  5. Radiation Cataract: It can form after you are exposed to some form of radiation.

A cataract surgery involves the extraction or cleaning of the cloudy lens, which is then replaced by a clear artificial lens.

Why does it happen? 

There are lens that lies behind our iris and pupil which act much like a camera lens. It helps concentrate light onto the retina at the back of our eye to form a sharply defined image. Besides, the lens also helps our eyes to adjust focus and allows us to see things clearly both far away and up close. The lens is composed of protein and water where the protein is arranged in a manner to keep the lens clear thereby letting light pass through it. 

However, as we grow old, some of the protein starts to become thick and cloud a small lens area. This is known as a cataract. With the passage of time, it may inflate and cover more of the lens, making it difficult for us to see.

Besides, there are other causes of cataract such as smoking, addiction of alcohol, prolonged sunlight exposure, to name a few. 

When should you opt for a cataract surgery?

Believe it or not, but till date no eye drop or medication has proven to reverse or prevent the formation of a cataract. If a cataract is affecting your nearsightedness or alteration in your prescription, then new prescription eyeglasses may help to better your blurred vision. However, the only treatment for a cataract is the surgical removal of your natural lens. And, most eye doctors recommend this surgery only when the problem becomes severe and starts hampering your day-to-day activities, such as studying or driving at night.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2619 people found this helpful

Cataract at an Early Age

MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, FRCS
Ophthalmologist, Gurgaon
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I am Dr Neeraj Sanduja, a retina specialist working in Fortis hospital and I have got my own Centre we are nine retina Centre Gurgaon. I will tell you briefly about cataract Safed Motia which is prone to occur in almost every patient with age. Jo cataract hota hai Safed Motia uska most common reason hai aap ki age jaise jaise age badti hai chances of cataract increases, iske alawa agar aapka high blood sugar level hai to bhi aapko cataract jaldi ho sakta hai. Even injury to the eye koi bhi traum ho therefore, ball lage aapki aankh pe, it can lead to cataract formation. Baccho mein bhi cataract ho jata hai, isko congenital cataract kehte hain, development lead cataract bolte hain. Toh yeh bahut zaroori hota hai cataract jaldi pata lage, isko time pe detect kiya jaye eye specialist se aur uska treatment kiya jaye. Cataract ke symptoms kya hote hain, isme usually kya hota hai aapki vision jo hoti hai woh dheere- dheere kam hone lag jati hai aap ko dur ki cheezein jo hain saaf nazar nahi aati hain, TV pe jo font hote hain woh aap ko saaf nazar nahi aa rahe hote, aap cricketers ka score acche se nahi pad pa rahe hote, even jawab drive kar rahe hote hain toh light aapko faily hui lag rahi hoti hai, yeh sab cheezein indicate karti hai ki aap ki aap ke saath kuch galat ho raha hai. So this is the time to you should go for an eye doctor to rule out whether you are having cataract or any other problem. Agar aap ka doctor, eye doctor aapko cataract diagnose karta hai to uska treatment sirf surgical treatment hota hai, koi medical treatment nahi hota hai iske liye. Surgical treatment mein hum microincision cataract surgery karte hain jo Phacoemulsification techniques se kiya jata hai, jisse bahut hai chote cheeray se, around 2 millimeter cheeray se, incision se hum cataract ko dissolve karke nikal lete hain aur uski jagah par artificial foldable intraocular lens ankh ke andar laga dete hain, jisse aap ki vision kafi acchi ho jati hai. Jo wo lenses hote hain woh monofocal hote hain matlab jo ki sirf dur ya nazdik ke liye kaam karenge. Multifocal bhi aate hain, multifocal mein aap ko dur aur nazdik dono jagah pe chashme ki requirement kam ho jati hai but uske sath kuch side effect bhi involved hote hain jaise aap ko night vision aapko driving me dikkat aati hai multifocal lenses ke sath. Toh good standard hum yehi kehke chalet hain ki monofocal lenses are the fantastic durable lenses. Surgery ke baad jo thoda bahut aapka glasses ka number badta hai, woh aapko chashmay de diye jate hain, surgery ke baad precaution bahut jyada nahi hoti hai sirf aapko ek se do hafte ke liye ankh me pani dalna hota hai aur dhul mitti se bachana hota hai aur aaj ke time mein jo surgery hai kafi predictable safe ho gayi hai aur surgery se related complication bahut kam ho gaye hain. Toh agar aapko koi bhi dikkat aati hai vision main, toh aapko apne eye doctor ko consult karna chahiye and he will decide that what problem you are having and what is the treatment.

Thank you very much.

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Eye Care During Diabetes!

Dr. Minal Kaur 89% (356 ratings)
DNB Ophtalmology, MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, Fellowship in Medical Retina, Fellowship in IOL & Cataract Microsurgery
Ophthalmologist, Faridabad
Eye Care During Diabetes!

Diabetes is a condition characterized by an elevated level of the blood glucose due to the insufficient production of the Insulin by the Beta cells of the pancreas. The high blood glucose level can also be an outcome of the inability of the body cells to utilize or respond to the insulin produced - a condition termed as Insulin Resistance.

Today, Diabetes has become a raging problem affecting almost every second individual, irrespective of their age, sex or ethnicity. What is even worse is the fact that the metabolic disorder affects a host of the vital body organs including the eyes. In many diabetic patients (diabetes left unmanaged and uncontrolled for long), the high blood sugar or Hyperglycemia can give rise to many eye complications such as:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy (Hyperglycemia that triggers progressive damage of the blood vessels of the retina that can eventually even lead to blindness).
  • Incidences of Cataract (a condition that causes clouding of the clear eye lenses affecting one's vision) and Glaucoma (a severe eye problem that results from the damages to the optic nerve of the eye) are on a rise in diabetic patients.

Thus, it becomes essential to carry out the preventive measure to deal with diabetes-related eye problems and the associated complications.

Protecting the eyes from Diabetes

  1. Controlling Diabetes: Amongst different eye care or preventive measures, foremost is to make sure that diabetes and the blood glucose level are within control. A glucometer can help to monitor the blood glucose levels at home. Regular lab tests for Fasting and Post prandial(FBS, PP2BS) blood sugar tests should be done at a frequency advised by treating physician along with HbA1c. Eliminating the underlying factor can work wonders to avoid the various eye problems resulting from diabetes.
  2. Regular eye-checks: People with diabetes need to be careful. Consult your family physician or a specialist at the earliest for discomforts and symptoms such as a headache, watery eyes, blurred, distorted or double vision. Regular eye-checks and screening tests are equally important to safeguard the eyes from the harmful consequences of diabetes.
  3. Keep a check on other medical disorders: Conditions such as Hypercholesterolemia (elevated levels of blood cholesterol), high blood pressure, along with diabetes, are the worst nemesis that can result in a myriad of eye disorders. Make sure the blood pressure is within the control (to avoid complications, try to maintain a blood pressure below 140/80) and so is the level of bad cholesterol or LDL (Low-density lipoprotein).
  4. Keep your body moving: Exercises and physical activities (morning or evening walks, jogging) can play a pivotal role in keeping diabetes under control, thereby shielding the eyes from problems such as cataract, glaucoma. Keeping the body weight within the healthy and recommended range can also work towards managing the blood glucose level.
  5. Healthy dietary modifications: Diabetic patients should be careful with their choice of foods. Dark chocolates, lean meat, whole grains, fish, cinnamon, turmeric, fruits and vegetables such as broccoli, blueberries, spinach, walnuts, sweet potatoes, asparagus, apricots, apples, to name a few are healthy options for a diabetic patient.
  6. Smoking can spell doom for the eyes and is best avoided.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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