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Cancer Tips

Fallopian Tube Cancer - Is There A Way To Detect It?

Dr. Jaydip Biswas 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS
Oncologist, Kolkata
Fallopian Tube Cancer - Is There A Way To Detect It?

The fallopian tubes are a couple of thin tubes that act as a vehicle in transporting a woman’s eggs (ova) from her ovaries (where they are housed) to her uterus (otherwise known as the ‘womb’) where they are either fertilized by the male sperm or disposed off during menstruation. Fallopian tube cancer, otherwise known as tubal cancer, forms in the fallopian tubes that connect the ovaries and the uterus.

It is hard to see a tumour or growth developing within a tube. This makes fallopian tube cancer hard to diagnose and complicated to manage as well.

If you do have fallopian tube cancer, it is vital to get a quick diagnosis as promptly as possible. This will help you to get effective treatment. However, diagnosing fallopian tube cancer can be challenging because of the following:

  1. It is an uncommon kind of cancer.

  2. The indications are vague and like those of different other conditions.

  3. Discovering a tumour inside the Fallopian tube is troublesome.

In case you have symptoms that may point at fallopian tube cancer, your specialist will conduct a thorough physical examination and get some information about your lifestyle and your family history. A pelvic examination will be done to examine your uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina. If a tumour is found, your specialist will do some more tests.

At least one of the accompanying tests might be utilised to see whether you have fallopian tube cancer and if it has spread. These tests additionally might be used to see whether the treatment is working. These diagnostic tests may include the following:

  1. Ultrasound of the Pelvis: This test is helpful. However, in case that your specialist still suspects fallopian tube cancer, he or she will arrange a transvaginal ultrasound. During this test, a probe will be put into the vagina to deliver a photo of the inner organs. A transvaginal ultrasound is the best method for imaging the fallopian tubes.

  2. CT or CAT (computed axial tomography) scan

  3. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan

  4. Biopsy: A sample of cells is removed from the fallopian tube and examined closely, under a microscope. This is the best way to know for sure whether you have fallopian tube cancer. This will require surgery to extract the sample cells.

  5. CA125 test: This blood test checks the levels of CA125, a known tumour marker for gynecologic cancers. An abnormal state of CA125 may mean you need to have more tests. However, it does not necessarily mean you have fallopian tube cancer. Serum levels of a marker called CA-125 can be unusually high in patients with gynecologic infections in cancer and non-cancer sorts, that is, pelvic inflammatory infection, endometriosis and early pregnancy. CA-125 can be non-specific and might be elevated because of numerous issues that are not cancer related.

2 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer Awareness - Things Every Woman Should Know

Dr. Rekha Anand 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Navi Mumbai
Breast Cancer Awareness - Things Every Woman Should Know

Breast cancer begins when cells in the breast start to get out of control. These cells are mostly in the form of a tumor that can be regularly seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is dangerous (malignant) if the cells attack the surrounding tissues or spread to far off zones in the body. Breast cancer happens mostly in women, yet men can get it, as well.

This is how breast cancer can spread:

  • Bosom cancer can spread through the lymph framework
  • The lymph framework includes lymph nodes, lymph vessels, and lymph liquid found all throughout the body
  • Lymph nodes are little, bean-shaped accumulations of immune system cells that are connected by lymph (or lymphatic) vessels. Lymph vessels resemble little veins, with the exception of that they transport a liquid called lymph (rather than blood) far from the breast
  • Lymph contains tissue liquid, waste items, and immune system cells. Breast cancer cells can enter lymph vessels and start to develop into lymph nodes

A large portion of the lymph vessels of the breast deplete into the:

  • Lymph nodes under the arm (axillary hubs)
  • Lymph nodes around the neck bone (supraclavicular and infraclavicular lymph hubs)
  • Lymph nodes inside the neck close to the breast bone (inner mammary lymph hubs)

Following are some of the causes of breast cancer:

  • Hormones play a part in creating breast cancer disease; however exactly how this happens is not completely known
  • Ordinary breast cells get to be distinctly carcinogenic in view of changes (transformations) in DNA
  • Yet, most DNA changes identified with breast cancer are gained in breast cells during a woman’s life as opposed to having been acquired
  • Qualities that accelerate cell division are called oncogenes
  • Tumor silencer qualities are typical qualities that back off cell division, repair DNA oversights, or advise cells when to bite the dust
  • Certain acquired DNA transformations (changes) can drastically increase chances for building up specific growths and are in charge of a large number of tumors that keep running in few families

Some of the treatments of breast cancer include:

  • Health alterations: Body weight, physical action, and eating routine are all connected to breast tumor, so these may be territories where you can make a move.
  • Restorative alternatives for women at expanded hazard: For women who have certain hazard components for breast growth, for example, a family history; various restorative alternatives may counteract breast cancer.
  • Medications to lessen hazard: For women at expanded danger of breast cancer, medications, for example, tamoxifen and raloxifene, can reduce the hazard. However, these medications can have their own dangers and symptoms.
  • Preventive surgeryIn case that you have a solid family history of breast cancer, you can talk with your specialist about hereditary testing. This test addresses changes in qualities that increase the danger of breast cancer; for example, the BRCA qualities. In case you have a hereditary change from a family with a transformation, however, have not been tried, you could consider surgery to bring down your danger of tumor.

UV Rays - How The Radiation Affects Your Skin?

Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi 90% (5917 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
UV Rays - How The Radiation Affects Your Skin?

In limited quantities, ultraviolet rays are not only beneficial but also necessary for maintaining proper health. The Vitamin D from the sun’s rays can help cure several diseases such as eczema, jaundice and psoriasis. If adequate amounts of sun rays are not received by the body, bone growth gets hampered that can result in osteoporosis and other bone weakness issues. However, if it is received in abundance, its’ effects can be profusely detrimental to the immune system, eyes and the skin.

Since skin tanning and sun-bathing have become increasingly popular among the mass, it is necessary for people to be more aware of the potential risks of sun exposure.

  1. "Erythema" or sunburn is a very common condition among fair skinned people, which occurs when the skin absorbs energy from the sun’s rays. The system detects it as a harmful, intrusive force and thereby signals for extra blood to reach the affected area and restore the skin. It results in pain, swelling, blistering, itching and peeling of the skin. Not only is it a painful condition, it can also be a precursor to even more harmful diseases.
  2. Skin cancer cases are steadily on the rise in the world, with 5 new such cases being reported every week. Due to prolonged exposure to harsh UV rays, the number of damaged cells in the body increases to such an extent that the system cannot mend it anymore. When not controlled, these damaged cells multiply, grow or divide uncontrollably. These cells can also accumulate and form a tumor.
  3. Repeated and prolonged exposure to sun rays can also cause premature aging and wrinkling due to the degenerative damages it does to the skin’s epidermis.
  4. If one is vulnerable to sunburn, it is recommended for them to carry sunscreen at all times. The UV rays are blocked by the deflecting properties of sunscreens, thereby protecting the skin to a large degree.
  5. It is recommended for patients to carry umbrellas, or protective clothing to cover themselves up if they are vulnerable to harsh sun’s rays in the morning.
  6. Although sun exposure can cause several problems to our skin, with proper precautions, one can be assured of safety. Sun exposure can be properly managed if one remembers to make use of these simple tips daily.
3 people found this helpful

Pain Management During Cancer: How To Deal With It?

Dr. Premitha R 87% (42 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Medical Radio Therapy, DNB
Oncologist, Bangalore
Pain Management During Cancer: How To Deal With It?

With every passing day, there are new advancements in the field of medicine, and cancer care is no exception either. A condition that still frightens the mass has come a long way in terms of cure and management. Cancer is life threatening but when diagnosed in the early stages, can be cured with proper medical intervention.

Many cancer patients experience pain which is caused as a result of the disease or as the result of the treatments for cancer. When the cancer spreads or the malignant tumor increases in size, it puts pressure on the surrounding (bones, tissues, etc.) which intrigues the pain. The cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery may also cause pain in the patients.

Here is an account on managing pain during cancer.

Treatment for Cancer Pain
Cancer pain can be dull, sharp, or achy. It can be constant or intermittent and can be mild, severe, or moderate. There are several over-the-counter or prescription medicines available in the market which can reduce the pain caused by the growing tissues or the treatments/therapies. A few such pain relievers include aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen.

Treatment According to Severity
For pain which is mild or moderate, you can opt for Non-opioids which are anti-inflammatory medicines and can be bought without the prescription from the drug counters. If you are having moderate to severe symptoms of pain, then you may be prescribed opioids like hydromorphone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, etc.

For burning and tingling sensation, antidepressants like imipramine or the trazodone, etc., can provide relief. You must not confuse antidepressant with medicines for depression; these are for pain management as well. You can also opt for the antiepileptics drugs which can reduce the burning or tingling sensation of cancer and have it doesn’t refer that you get seizures. If there is swelling, then steroids are the option for you to control the swelling and the pain caused from it.

Ways to Take Medicines for Cancer Pain
Most of the medications that your doctor would prescribe you have to be taken orally if not directed otherwise. The medications are usually in the pills form. If the patient, for any reason, is not able to take the drugs orally, then he/she may have to take them as rectal suppositories and even transdermal patches.

It can also be injected into your body through an intravenous opening in which the needle with the medicine is inserted directly into the veins. There is also a subcutaneous process where the medicine is injected with a small needle just under the first layer of your skin.

Studies report that often cancer pain is under-treated. A common reason is the reluctance of the patients to speak about the pain. Other reasons for not opting for pain medications are the fear of addiction and side-effects.

Cancer pain management is indeed an important part of the cancer treatment, and the goal is to manage the pain at a bearable level. And, the best part is that the goal is often achieved.
 

2 people found this helpful

Top 10 urologist in Bangalore!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (119 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 urologist in Bangalore!

Pain or a burning sensation when passing urine? Or the urine has blood or is cloudy? These could be sign of UTI or urinary tract infection. You need to visit a urologist. There are so many urologist in Bangalore, so how to choose whom to consult. Here is a list of top 10 urologist in Bangalore, you can refer to:

1.  Dr. K.S Shiva Kumar

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology

Dr. K. S. Shiva Kumar is amongst the top urologist & uro oncologist in Bangalore, with 20 years of experience. He is associated with many clinics and hospitals like Shree Srinivasa Uro Care, MVJ Medical College, Manipal Hospital, CMH Hospital and Sri Sathya Sai Super Specialty Hospital. He is not only an expert in urology but also an expert Laparoscopic Surgeries. He specialises in wide range of disorders and surgeries such as treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI), pediatric urology, andrology, laparoscopy, neurourology, Uro-oncology & radiology, laser & robotic urology, and infertility

Consultation fees: ₹500

2. Dr. Shrinivas R.P

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB

Dr. Shrinivas R.P has 8 years of experience and  is a popular Urologist in Bangalore. He currently practices at Manipal Hospital, Bangalore. with an experience of 8 years. He specializes in child surgeries. He also provides treatment for wide range of urinary conditions like hematuria, hydrocele, and problems related to reproductive organs like H.I.V and Erectile Dysfunction. He has conducted many surgeries, using different procedures like vasectomy, reconstructive urology and minimally invasive urology surgery etc. 

Consultation fees: ₹700

3. Dr. N Nagarajaiah

MCh - Urology, MS - General Surgery , MBBS

Dr. Nagarajaiah Narayanaswamy is a well-reputed urologist in Bangalore who has more than 23 years of experience. He has performed over 20,000 surgeries in his career, one of them being removing one of the largest kidney stones. He has also performed various surgeries including cancer surgeries and Laser (TURP). He is also known for his successful treatment of erectile dysfunction, infertility. He is currently working at the Shushrutha Urology and Andrology Clinic, Rajajinagar

Consultation fees: ₹500

4. Dr. Udaybhaskar M

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology

Dr. Uday Bhaskar M is amongst the most recognized doctor in urology and has 14 years of experience. He has received an award of Best Poster in American Urological Association and is a member of national and international associations. He is associated with PES Medical College as the Assistant Professor and practices as a consultant urologist at Fortis Hospital, hcg hospital for cancer related problems, Malathi Manipal hospital , excel care hospital and Arunodaya hospital. He has performed over 4000 varied surgeries including some very rare and complicated cases like removing a 10 kg renal Tumor from pregnant lady. He is an expert in treating prostate , kidney and bladder tumors with robotic surgeries,  neo bladder for bladder cancers and Penile prosthesis surgery for erection problem. 

Consultation fees: ₹500- 670

5. Dr. Srinivas Rao

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology

Dr. Srinivas Rao is a renowned urologist with 20 years of experience and  practices as consultant urologist at Manipal hospital Whitefield, Aaxis hospital Kadugodi and Aaxis kidney stone center Bhattarahalli, KR puram. He has several years of experience in performing advanced endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures to treat different kind of urological disorders like  kidney stones and cancer, PUJ obstruction, benign prostatic enlargement, bladder cancer and prostate cancer etc.

 Consultation fees: ₹500

6. Dr. Chandrashekar.B.V

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery

Withmore than 20 years of experience, Dr. Chandrashekar is a well known name in the field of urology. He is currently practicing at Sree Venkateshwara Speciality Hospital, Bangalore. He is known to treat all kind of urology problems, including prostate and bladder cancer as well as erectile dysfunction.

Consultation fees: ₹500

7. Dr. Ninan Thomas Panicker

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS

Dr. Nainan Thomas is an experienced Urologist and Andrologist with 35 years of experience. He is  currently practicing at G M Health Care. He holds a special interest and expertise in treating prostate related problems, stone surgeries and male infertility. He has conducted several open and endoscopic urological operations and surgery for malignancy and transurethral surgeries.

Consultation fees: ₹500

8. Dr. Chandrashekar S Ratkal

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS

Dr. Chandrashekar has 4 decades of experience as a Urologist, Andrologist and Urological Surgeon He is a member of many eminent associations  like Karnataka Medical Council, Indian Medical Association (IMA), Medical Council of India (MCI), Urological Society of India (USI), American Urological Association (AUA) and Bangalore Urological Society. He is known for his treatments and procedures like frenuloplasty, circumcision, vasovasostomy and TESA.

Consultation fees: ₹750

9. Dr. Premkumar Krishnappa

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery

Dr. Premkumar Krishnappa is a reputed urologist, uro-oncologist, andrologist and renal transplant surgeon. In 13 years of his career, he has performed over 1000 laser enabled transurethral prostate procedures (LASER TURP), over 500 laser fragmentation of kidney (RIRS) and Ureteric stones(URS) and over 50 kidney transplants. He has also contributed in many articles in various peer reviewed journals with a special interest in urethral surgeries and reconstructive urological procedures. He is currently associated with Fortis group of hospitals. 

Consultation fees: ₹400-1000

10. Dr. Venkateshwara Rao K

M.Ch-Urology, MS, MBBS

Dr. Rao has close to 10 years of experience and is associated with Apollo hospitals. He is known for his holistic approach and a compassionate care, in his treatment. Some of the areas in which he specializes are conducting transurethral resection of the prostate also called as TURP, lithotripsy and cystoscopy. He is good at diagnosis and treating different problems related to the female and male urinary tract and male reproductive system.

Consultation fees: ₹400

Best Surgeon in Bangalore!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (119 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Best Surgeon in Bangalore!

Undergoing a surgery can be very difficult emotionally, physically and mentally. But knowing the best surgeons in Bangalore can give you confidence and support decision making. A general surgeon is trained and specialises to perform surgeries on various parts of the body like head, neck, abdomen, endocrine system, vascular region etc. Here is a list of best surgeons in Bangalore: 

1. Dr. Adarsh Patil

MBBS, MS - General Surgery

Dr. Adarsh Patil with over 18 years of experience, he is amongst the best surgeon in Bangalore. He has successfully performed several laparoscopic surgeries like appendix, hernia repair and gallbladder surgeries and open surgeries such as gastric resection, pancreatic and thyroid surgeries. He has contributed in various clinical papers and part of research in India and internationally.

Consultation fees:  ₹450-600

2. Dr. Preetham Raj

MBBS, MS - General Surgery

Dr. Preetham Raj is a leading General Surgeon in Bangalore. He is associated with many clinics and hospitals like Manipal Hospital and Rajkumar multi speciality clinic and diagnostics, JP Nagar, Bangalore. He has been a practicing for 11 years and has also done a fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery.

Consultation fees:  ₹400

3. Dr. Anupama Pujar K

MS - General Surgery, FMAS, Fellowship of Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons (FIAGES)

Dr. Pujar K has 12 years of experience and her area of specialization is laparoscopic and breast surgery. She is currently practicing at MS Ramaiah Memorial Hospital and is also an assistant professor there.

Consultation fees:  ₹500

4. Dr. Praveen C R

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Diploma In Minimal Access Surgery

Dr. Praveen C R is an experienced and reputed General Surgeon in Bangalore. He is currently associated with Columbia Asia Hospital in Whitefield, Bangalore. He has done a Diploma In Minimal Access Surgery after completing his  masters. In 16 years of experience he has encountered many challenging cases and has handled them successfully.

Consultation fees:  ₹600

5. Dr. Satyajit Godhi

M.S. General Surgery, M.Ch Gastro - Intestinal Surgery

Dr. Godhi is amongst the very few surgeons in Bangalore who have M.Ch degree in Gastroinetstinal Surgery.in a span of six years he has become a trusted name when it comes to laparoscopic and gastrointestinal cancer surgeon. He has been delivering on cancer surgeries related to gastro with results as per international standards. Other areas where he has been delivering are minimal invasive surgeries like laparoscopic cholecystectomies, hernia surgeries and appendectomies.

Consultation fees:  ₹350

6. Dr. Dinesh Kumar

MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Dr. Dinesh Kumar practices at Apollo Clinic. He has 19 years of experience and has done fellowship in Laproscopic Surgery (Minimal Access Surgery) after completing his MBBS. He is an active member of Association of Surgeons of India (ASI), Association of Surgeons of India (ASI). He is known for his treatments and surgeries related to kidney stone treatment, pancreatic surgery and piles treatment

Consultation fees:  ₹400-500

7. Dr. Niranjan P

MBBS, DNB - General Surgery

Dr. Niranjan P has 12 years of experience as laparoscopic and bariatric surgeon in Bangalore. He is a member of Association of Surgeons of India (ASI). He is known for his services are- laparoscopic and endocrine surgery, fistula treatment , gastrointestinal and endo surgeries. He is associated with many hospitals and clinics like Apollo and Vasavi hospital.

Consultation fees:  ₹500

Breast Cancer - Know The Signs & Symptoms!

Dr. Chaitanyanand B. Koppiker 86% (44 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Pune
Breast Cancer - Know The Signs & Symptoms!

The cancer which forms in the cells of the breasts is breast cancer. It is one of the most common forms of cancer to affect women after skin cancer. Support for breast cancer awareness and proper funding for research on the issue has ensured that proper awareness is created for getting it diagnosed properly and then carry out the treatment in an appropriate manner. Fortunately, due to the fact that people all around have become aware of how cancer occurs, what are symptoms which they should be aware of and then for the doctors, what should be the ideal way for exact diagnosis, so that they can treat patients and help them recover, survival rates have increased dramatically and thus number of deaths associated with it is on the decline.

Types of breast cancer
There are different types of Breast Cancer, some are more common than others. Some of the most common types are detailed below:

  1. Invasive ductal carcinoma: This type of breast cancer starts in a duct of the breast and grows into the tissue surrounding it. It is one of the most common forms of breast cancer. Around 80% of invasive breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinoma.
  2. Invasive lobular carcinoma: Invasive lobular carcinoma begins in the milk producing glands of the breast and spreads all around with time.

Now let’s take a look at some of the less common types of breast cancer:

  1. Mucinous carcinoma: The mucus producing cancer cells generally give rise to mucinous carcinoma.
  2. Inflammatory breast cancer: When a woman suffers from inflammatory breast cancer, the skin of the breast would appear red and she would feel warm. The changes occur because the cancer cells block the lymph vessels.
  3. Paget’s disease of the nipple: This type of cancer begins in the ducts of the breast, getting spread to the nipple and the region surrounding the nipple. Women affected by this type of cancer can easily notice crusting and reddish tinge around the nipple.

Signs & symptoms of breast cancer
After having looked at the different types of breast cancer, let us now come to the main topic of discussion, the signs and symptoms of breast cancer.

  1. The different signs and symptoms of breast cancer are discussed below:
  2. A change in size or shape of the breast
  3. A lump or if an area feels thicker in comparison to the rest of the breast, then it’s a clear indication of cancer.
  4. A woman could feel that there is chance of breast cancer, if the texture of the skin changes.
  5. There will be a reddish tinge or rash on the skin or the area around the nipple, to suggest that breast cancer is a possibility.
  6. If you realize that liquid is oozing out from the nipple, even without getting it squeezed, then that is also a clear symptom for cancer.
  7. If you feel that area either in the armpit or around the collarbone, is swollen, it’s a signal for breast cancer.

Blood Cancer - Things You Need To Know About It!

Dr. Avinash Singh 87% (24 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DM - Clinical Hematology
Hematologist, Patna
Blood Cancer - Things You Need To Know About It!

Cancer is the most dangerous and harmful disease of the world, which has various reasons to affect the body in any stage of life. This is also the good thing to know that there are a lot of treatments available in the medicine arena which can completely or partially treat cancer. But the individual and the family members of them need to be confident enough with the treatment and expertise of the doctor. Blood Cancer is a life taking disease and the treatment for it is must. The medicines should be start recovery from any age of the sufferer and stage of the disease. The treatment will have some side effects and fast to react to symptoms and should be affordable as well.

General symptoms
As said before that the symptoms of different types of the cancer vary but some general symptoms are there which are found in most of the cancer patients.

  1. Pain
  2. Sudden weight loss
  3. Fever
  4. Fatigue
  5. Sudden changes in skin
  6. Unusual bleeding

Haematology is less known, but a very important branch of medical science. This branch is concerned with the study of blood, blood diseases and the blood-forming organs as well. Treatment based on the Haematology for blood cancer can be quite successful as compared to general remedies. The modern Haematology made cancer easy to cure, comfortable and side effect less. This cost effective method of cancer cure give relief in lesser time and assures the improved quality of life as well. That is the reason that people around the world trust on treatment based upon Haematology because the treatment has all the basic qualities that made it the best cure for cancer.

 

13 Causes Of Stomach Cancer!

Dr. Iqbal Nabi Qureshi 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DM - Gastroenterology, N.S.C.B MEDICAL COLLAGE
Gastroenterologist, Indore
13 Causes Of Stomach Cancer!

Cancer is one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Stomach cancer is also known as 'Gastric cancer'. Like other diseases, it is crucial that it gets identified in the early stages and gets treated before it reaches the incurable stage. Like other forms of cancer, the exact cause of stomach cancer is still not yet known. However, certain things make stomach cancer more likely to happen.

The possible causes of stomach cancer are given below:

Some of these causes apply to nearly all forms of cancer. However, some of them only apply to stomach cancer.

  1. Smoking
  2. Obesity
  3. Bad diet
  4. Stomach surgery for an ulcer
  5. Type-A blood
  6. Epstein-Barr virus infection
  7. Genetics
  8. Asbestos
  9. Exposure to certain materials in certain industries
  10. Helicobacter pylori bacteria
  11. Gastritis
  12. Anemia
  13. Polyps 

Some of the symptoms of stomach cancer are:

Stomach cancer like all other forms of cancer has various stages and it is crucial that it is diagnosed in the early stages so that the progression of it is stymied. At first, the symptoms of stomach cancer include indigestion, loss of appetite, slight nausea, heartburn and the feeling of being bloated after a meal.

However, indigestion and heartburn, doesn't always mean that you have stomach cancer, but if these conditions persist, you should visit a doctor to rule out the possibility of stomach cancer.

The growth of the tumor in your stomach can lead to various serious symptoms too, such as:

  1. Stomach pain
  2. Heartburn
  3. Blood in your stool
  4. Weakness or exhaustion
  5. Vomiting
  6. Diarrhea and constipation
  7. Weight loss for no apparent reason
  8. Swelling in your stomach
  9. Trouble in swallowing
  10. Eyes and skin turn yellowish
1 person found this helpful

Vaginal Cancer - Know The Symptoms And Causes!

Dr. Poonam Agarwal 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Cancer - Know The Symptoms And Causes!

Generally identified as a rare and uncommon phenomenon, vaginal cancer most often occurs in the cells present in the outer lining of the vagina, also called the birth canal. Although primary vaginal cancer is rare and unusual, there are various other types of vaginal cancer that originate elsewhere in the body but have spread over to your vagina.


Depending upon the nature of origin, vaginal cancer can be divided into the following types:
1. Vaginal adenocarcinoma, beginning in the glandular cells on the surface of your vagina
2. Vaginal sarcoma, developing in the connective tissue cells and multiple cells lining the walls of your vagina
3. Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma, originates in the squamous cells lining the surface of the bacteria
4. Vaginal melanoma, developing in melanocytes, the pigment producing cells in your vagina


Symptoms
As vaginal cancer progresses from one stage to the next, you may experience any one of the following signs and symptoms:
1. Diluted, watery vaginal discharge
2. Painful urination
3. Constipation
4. Odd cases vaginal bleeding, for instance, after menopause or after intercourse
5. Formation of lumps in your vagina
6. Frequent and regular urination
7. Pelvic pain


Causes
Normally, cancer develops when healthy cells undergo genetic mutations, subsequently leading to the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells. Cancer cells are known to break off from pre-existing tumors and can easily spread everywhere, in what is referred to as metastasize.
Beyond the natural process of development, here are a few factors which may further contribute to the growth of cancerous cells:
1. Increasing age
2. Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia
3. Exposure  to miscarriage prevention drugs
 

6 people found this helpful
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