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Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular Carcinoma)

DM - Hepatology, MD - General Medicine, M. B. B. S.
Hepatologist, Bangalore

Who is at risk?
All patients having cirrhosis.
It happens in non cirrhotics too.

What causes of cirrhosis commonly lead to hcc?
Hepatitis b related cirrhosis (most likely), hepatitis c, alcoholic cirrhosis, nash.

Is liver cancer curable?
Yes if diagnosed at an early stage.

Is there any treatment option for advanced hcc?
Yes there are options which can prolong the survival.

How to screen?
All cirrhotics need to get and ultrasound once a year and a blood test called serum alfa fetoprotein.

Mouth Cancer - Know How Homeopathy Can Help In Cure!

Dr. Sandeep Mishra 93% (190 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Kanpur
Mouth Cancer - Know How Homeopathy Can Help In Cure!

Oral cancer is commonly known as mouth cancer. It is a type of cancer that develops in any part of the mouth or oral cavity.

It may occur on the:

  • Gums

  • Tongue

  • Lips

  • The roof of the mouth

  • The inner lining of the cheeks

  • The floor of the mouth

  • Under the tongue

Oral cancer is painful and often fatal. It can happen due to various reasons. Cancerous tissues might grow right in the mouth or metastasize from a nearby location like the throat or the sinus cavity.

Causes and Risk Factors

The cause of cancer cannot be conclusively stated. But a high correlation with risk factors can be established. In the case of oral cancer, these are the risk factors:


Some common symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • Ulcers or lesions on the lips, tongue, cheek, gums, basically anywhere near the mouth.

  • Discoloration of the skin inside the mouth. Usually, it is red patches or white patches depending upon the type of cancer.

  • Pain and burning sensation as the tumor grows.

  • Pussy boils with a foul smell.

  • Difficulty swallowing.

  • Difficulty having anything hot or spicy.

  • Speech problems.


A biopsy is the only conclusive diagnosis for any type of cancer. Before that, a series of tests will follow as per procedure to rule out other diseases. In an advanced stage, however, when the signs are obvious, a mandatory biopsy will be done on an urgent basis.


There are many ways to treat oral cancer including Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, surgery, etc. However, according to recent studies, Homeopathy is proved to be one of the most effective ways to treat oral cancer.

Surgery is painful, complicated, risky, and even successful surgeries are not necessarily a permanent solution. Even for those who do survive, crucial activities like eating, talking, chewing, often become impossible. The odds of chemo/radiation therapy or surgery succeeding are therefore not very good.

Homeopathy focuses on pain management and reducing symptoms. It is more therapeutic and helps the person deal with the symptoms in a calmer manner. Homeopathy does not eliminate cancer, but ensures minimal pain, overall comfort, and helps the other physiological process to remain normal.

Most homeopathic remedies are completely safe without any negative side effects. It can be harmful or risky if an individual is using it without other required therapies and diagnostic tests. One should undergo the

Colon Cancer - How Can Ayurveda Treat It?

Dr. Manish C. Dhuri 86% (92 ratings)
MS - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurvedic Doctor, Mumbai
Colon Cancer - How Can Ayurveda Treat It?

According to the American Cancer Society and Colon Cancer Alliance, colon cancer, which is also referred to as colorectal cancer is regarded as the third most commonly diagnosed type of cancer, as well as the second most important reason of cancer deaths in the U.S. affecting both men and women. But thankfully, colon cancer can be prevented by changing the food habits. It is also important to get regular screenings through colonoscopy, which will help you to determine the early or precancerous stage that can be treated with the removal of cancerous cells.

Colorectal cancer is deemed to be cancer, related to the food habits and it can be prevented by correcting the same. Here are the top ways through which you can help your condition naturally:

  1. Reduce the amount of red meat consumption: Health studies reveal that people who eat red meat on a regular basis are more prone to developing colon cancer. This is because the chemicals required to digest this food damage the DNA material which in turn is the main reason behind the cause of cancer.

  2. Increase the amount of garlic intake: By consuming more garlic, you can reduce the risk of developing different types of cancer, particularly those of the gastrointestinal tract. Garlic is rich in anti-bacterial properties that can block the pathway of cancer causing elements and boost the repair as well as reduce the proliferation of cells. It is also high in selenium and sodiumcontent which are beneficial for the overall health.

  3. Consume all types of plant antioxidants: The bright-coloured fruits and vegetables, as well as herbs and spices, can greatly contribute to adding a wide array of antioxidants in your regular diet. Foods that are rich in antioxidants include carrots, pomegranates, cranberries, kale, broccoli, tomatoes, apples, cabbageturmeric, sage, rosemarysaffron, purple and red grapes.

  4. Cook foods in sesame oil: The many health benefits of sesame seeds are due to its nutritional content, including vitamins, minerals, natural oils, and organic compounds which consist of calciumiron, magnesium, phosphorous, manganese, copper, zinc, fiber, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, protein, and tryptophan.

  5. Increase the consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids: It has been reported by several types of research that a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the occurrence of colon cancer and therefore you must eat a lot of salmon, cod, mackerel and sardines for decreasing the pro-inflammatory levels in your body.

  6. Go For Ayurvedic Panchakarma Therapy: Panchakarma is the ultimate mind-body healing experience for detoxifying the body, strengthening the immune system and restoring balance and well-being. It is one the most effective healing modality in Ayurvedic Medicine. It promotes Detoxification and Rejuvenation. It is recommended on a seasonal basis, as well as when an individual feels out of balance or is experiencing illness. According to Ayurveda, good health depends upon our capability to fully metabolize all aspects of life, assimilating that which nourishes and eliminating the rest. When we can’t completely digest our food, experiences, and emotions, toxins accumulate in our bodily tissues, creating imbalance and – ultimately – disease. Panchakarma is an elegant cleansing process that releases stored toxins and restores the body’s innate healing ability.

Liver Cancer!

DM - Hepatology, MD - General Medicine, M. B. B. S.
Hepatologist, Bangalore

Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) most commonly affects patients with cirrhosis.

Can even occur in non cirrhotics.

More common in males.

Most commonly occurs in cirrhosis due to hepatitis b virus.

Other causes of cirrhosis that commonly lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc)- hepatitis c virus, alcohol associated, non alcoholic fatty liver.

Is hcc curable?
Yes if detected at at early stage treatment options do exist.
If a patient is diagnosed to have hcc and it is at an advanced stage-- there are therapies today which can help to prolong the overall survival.

How to screen for hcc in patients of cirrhosis?
Most commonly available tests are abdominal ultrasound and serum alfa-feto protein.

When should a cirrhotic patient get screened for hcc?
Ideally every year with usg and if there is any worsening like sudden abdominal distension, weight loss over a month or so.


Throat Cancer

M.B.B.S, MS - ENT, DNB (ENT), DAA - Diploma in Allergy Asthma and Immunology, fellowship head and neck cancer surgeon
ENT Specialist, Delhi

Most of the throat cancers does not cause big symptoms 
Mostly symptoms are like simple sore throat 
Pain while swallowing, sticking sensation throat, change of voice, neck mass, lump or swelling 
Treatment of cancer is almost 90 percent iike any normal illness. 
So consult your doctor as early as possible to avoid delay in treatment 
I recommend every 6 months self feeling neck with hands and mirror examination of your neck regularly to look for any new change 
If yes consult ent specialist 
Be aware be safe

1 person found this helpful

Tips To Prevent Cervical Cancer!

Dr. Mridul Gehlot 90% (283 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Tips To Prevent Cervical Cancer!

Cervical cancer (a malignant tumor of the cervix, the lowermost part of the uterus) is one of the most preventable types of cancer. Because of the Pap smear test, the number of cervical cancer cases has actually dropped over the past 20 years. However, many women still develop cervical cancer.

While some cases of cervical cancer cannot be prevented, there are many things a woman can do to reduce her risk of developing cervical cancer.

Reduce Your Risk of Cervical Cancer: 

  1. Get a regular Pap smear - A Pap smear can be the greatest defense against cervical cancer. It can detect cervical changes early on before they have a chance to turn into cancer.
  2. Limit the number of sexual partners you have - Studies have shown that women who have many sexual partners increase their risk for cervical cancer. You also increase your risk of developing HPV, which has been shown to lead to cervical cancer.
  3. Quit smoking or avoid secondhand smoke - Smoking cigarettes increases your risk of developing many cancers, including cervical cancer.
  4. If you are sexually active, use a condom - Having unprotected sex puts you at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can increase your risk factor for developing cervical cancer.
  5. Follow up on abnormal Pap smears - If you have had an abnormal Pap smear, it is important to follow up with regular Pap smears or colposcopies, and whatever else your doctor has recommended for you. If you have been treated for cervical dysplasia, you still need to follow up with Pap smears or colposcopies.
  6. Get the HPV vaccine - If you are under 27, you may be eligible to receive the HPV vaccine, which prevents high-risk strains of HPV in women. The vaccine is most effective when given to young women before they become sexually active.

Again, cervical cancer prevention should be a top priority for all women. Small lifestyle adjustments, combined with regular medical care, can go a long way in preventing cervical cancer.

1440 people found this helpful

Sugary Drinks & Cancer - Is There A Link?

Dr. Jigar P Modia 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine
General Physician, Vadodara
Sugary Drinks & Cancer - Is There A Link?

Medical experts recognize that obesity escalates the cancer risk in an individual and that there is a relationship between this metabolic condition and cancer. Intake of high quantity of sugar or sugary drinks and products is categorized among one of the major factors which cause obesity.

Sugar comes in various forms, but the main types are fructose, lactose, and sucrose. Table sugar is chiefly sucrose and is made of fructose and glucose. Honey contains fructose, and glucose is found in various carbohydrates such as vegetables, grains, and fruits. Milk has lactose. Sugar in its natural form is healthy as compared to its processed form and it also depends upon the health of an individual. These soft drinks have glucose and fructose in equal quantity.

Recent medical research has tried to study the direct link between sugary or sweetened drinks and the increased growth of cancer. According to the study, cancer tumors collect and consume sugar through various pathways of metabolism. As per the findings of the research, fructose in tumor acts as an agent to boost the role of glucose that is directing the synthesis of fatty acids. This results in the increase of fatty acids and which can be consumed by the cancer cells to develop cellular membrane and gesticulating molecules to develop or influence inflammation. Thus, metabolically, sugary drinks and artificial sweeteners contribute substantially in strengthening the synthesis of cancerous tissues.

Alternative Drinks

One should avoid sipping sugary drinks which will also prevent them from consuming and relying on drugs. There are a number of drinks which are healthy and can replace soft drinks or any sugary drink. There are a few drinks which one can consume without the risk of influencing cancer cell if they are present. These include healthier and natural options like green tea, natural fruit juice, fruit smoothie or shakes, natural honey, lemonade, and undoubtedly water which is the best drink for a healthy body and mind. On any doubt related to the type of fluid consumption, doctor or nutritionist should definitely and immediately be consulted to prevent the associated risks.


Consumption of sugary drinks on a daily basis is one of the major factors leading to obesity in many individuals. Obesity can lead to cancer. Sugar in soft drinks or any product is harmful and should be avoided on a daily basis. One should consider replacing the soft drinks with water or lime water in their diet or green tea. These are not only harmless but help in maintaining balanced health and diet. Sugar may not directly help in the development of cancer cells, but it can play a pivotal role in its growth. Hence, one should avoid the consumption of sugary drinks in their diet as it is also harmful to the overall health.

3985 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - Know Factors That Can Put You In Danger!

Dr. Mridul Gehlot 90% (283 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Ovarian Cancer - Know Factors That Can Put You In Danger!

Are you concerned about being at the risk of having ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is a form of cancer that occurs in your ovaries. It leads to abnormal cells, which are capable of spreading to other parts of your body. The major symptoms of ovarian cancer that are experienced at later stages of the condition include pelvic pain, bloating, swelling and loss of appetite. There are several risk factors which increase your chance of developing ovarian cancer. The most important factors are as follows:

  1. Age
    • Your chances of developing ovarian cancer increase with your age.
    • The condition is uncommon in women below the age of 40 and most cases of ovarian cancer are likely to occur in women after menopause.
    • Most cases of ovarian cancer are found in women who are above the age of 63.
  2. Obesity
    • There is an association between obesity and the development of ovarian cancer. It has been observed that obese women are at a higher risk of getting ovarian cancer.
  3. Reproductive history
    • Women who have been pregnant and completed their term before the age of 23 are at low risk of having ovarian cancer. The risk increases with each full-term pregnancy and women who have a full-term pregnancy after 35 are more likely to develop ovarian cancer.
  4. Birth control
    • Women using birth control pills or oral contraceptives are at a lower risk of getting ovarian cancer.
    • The risk gets lowered only after using the pills for a period of 3 to 6 months. The longer you use the pills, the less risk you are at.
  5. Fertility drugs
    • According to studies, the use of a certain fertility drug for a period of more than one year increases your chances of developing ovarian tumours and hence, ovarian cancer.
    • The risk is maximum in women who did not get pregnant while using the drug. These drugs increase the risk of ovarian tumours, which are called low malignant potential.
    • Infertile women are usually at a higher risk of being affected by ovarian cancer, even if they do not use fertility drugs.
  6. Androgens
    • These are male hormones. A certain drug that is used for increasing your androgen levels is associated with higher chances of developing ovarian cancer. However, this is not yet confirmed and more research is currently being undertaken to find out how much androgens are responsible for causing ovarian cancer.

It is recommended for you to consult a doctor and undertake several tests and examinations. This will help in the proper diagnosis of your condition and regular screenings will help you to keep safe and know about any disruption in your ovaries that indicate ovarian cancer development.

1457 people found this helpful

Pancreatectomy - Know Procedure Of It!

Dr. Atul Mishra 87% (27 ratings)
MBBS, MS General Surgery, FRCS
General Surgeon, Ludhiana
Pancreatectomy - Know Procedure Of It!

Pancreas are a small, but a pretty important part of a person’s digestive system. So when it needs to be removed, the reason has got to be quite serious, to say the least, doesn’t it? The procedure is known formally as pancreatectomy and it is most often required for people who are suffering from cancer of the pancreas. Ideally, these people would only need the cancerous tumours removed, but things are not always this simple. As a matter of fact, only a little more than a tenth of the people who have pancreatic cancer can have the tumour alone removed. As a result, most need to go for a pancreatectomy, which involves removing the entire pancreas. Whether the pancreas can be kept is usually related to how soon the cancer was detected, with people who have done so in time being a majority of the 10% of people with pancreatic cancer who have not needed pancreatectomies.

If a person does not have cancer, the reason he or she may need a pancreatectomy due to an accident which has injured the area significantly badly. In this case, a procedure which is known as a partial pancreatectomy is carried out on the patient. The good news is that the success rate of this sort of operation is generally quite high and the long-term effects on the body are nil. This is the case in spite of a lot of the normal tissue of the pancreas being removed, pretty amazing, isn’t it?

While it may be called a pancreatectomy, it does not always mean that the pancreas is the only thing that is removed. In fact, in a lot of pancreatectomies, the surgeons also remove other parts of the digestive system which are usually the common bile duct, the spleen and the gallbladder.

There is, of course, the case of chronic pancreatitis, which occurs when the organ just swells up repeatedly. The repeated swelling leads to permanent damage to it, which affects the rest of the body, too. In most cases, the cause of this happens to be a sustained addiction to alcohol. When this is the case, it is really hard to perform a pancreatectomy and the utility of the pancreas is greatly reduced. Not a good situation to be in, under any circumstances, at all!

A pancreatectomy is a process which nobody would voluntarily wish to undergo, but there are advantages to knowing what it is, in any case!

2306 people found this helpful

Esophagectomy - Know New Method Of Tackling It!

Dr. Atul Mishra 87% (27 ratings)
MBBS, MS General Surgery, FRCS
General Surgeon, Ludhiana
Esophagectomy - Know New Method Of Tackling It!

Esophagectomy is a procedure of removing a part of the esophagus and reconstructing the same using another organ of the body. The oesophagus is the tube that connects the stomach and the mouth. This procedure is often performed in an advanced stage of esophageal cancer and Barrett’s esophagus. This procedure removes the cancer cells from the esophagus and gives relief from the symptoms. The organs from where the reconstructing tissues are taken are generally large intestine and stomach.

Many esophagectomy surgeries are performed with minimally invasive techniques. The latter is commonly known as laparoscopic surgery. This is a procedure where numerous small incisions are made in order to perform the surgery. This procedure results in faster recovery and reduced pain as compared to conventional surgery.

Newer methods such as Robotic surgery are being adopted by many doctors these days. Procedures like these can access the oesophagus through places such as the throat, collarbone and abdomen. They make a minute incision to get to the exact location of cancer and treat them with improved precision, unlike conventional surgical methods.

An important aspect of treating this condition is to determine the procedure that is going to be implemented. To determine this, doctors use imaging techniques such as PET scan, CT scan and an MRI scan. A doctor might also prescribe other tests such as FNAC and endoscopic ultrasound. Heart evaluations are also conducted before the surgery to ensure that there are no complications involved while performing the surgery.

Before Esophagectomy

Unless the cancer is detected at a very early stage, most doctors recommend radiation or chemotherapy or both. These treatments help to shrink the size of cancer and make for an effective oesophagectomy. Both chemotherapy and radiation have their set of side effects, which include loss of appetite, fatigue, hair loss, vomiting and skin discolouration.

After Esophagectomy

Post the procedure, a patient cannot directly consume food. He is required to consume food through a pipe for a duration of four-six weeks. Adequate nutrition is required during this phase to recover quickly. Once the patient is able to resume a normal diet, it should be ensured that he takes food in reduced quantities to make up for the reduced stomach size.


Almost 90% of patients who have gone through this procedure report an improved life quality. While lifestyle related adjustments have to be made, there could be regular follow-ups to ensure the below-mentioned complications do not arise:

1. Breathing-related problems

2. Swallowing problem

3. Effectively managing heartburn and ensuring the pain is under control

4. A thorough review of the nutritional diet to be consumed by the patient to counter sudden weight loss.

2313 people found this helpful

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