कैंसर कई तरह के होते हैं. कैंसर के नाम हम इनके होने के अंगों के आधार पर रखते हैं. जैसे यदि मुंह के अंदर हो तो इसे मुंह का कैंसर या मौखिक कैंसर कहा जाता है. यदि मुंह के कैंसर का पता इसके प्रारंभिक अवस्था में लग जाता है तो इसका इलाज आसानी से किया जा सकता है. लेकिन शुरुवात में इसका पता तभी चल पाएगा जब सभी लोग इसके बारे में जानें और इसके लक्षणों को ठीक से समझें. मुंह का कैंसर में होंठ, जीभ, गाल, मुंह की एक परत, कठोर और नरम तालू, साइनस, और ग्रसनी के कैंसर शामिल हैं. एरिथ्रोपालकिया के नाम से जाना जाने वाला घाव मौखिक कैंसर में तब्दील हो सकता है. ये भी एक तथ्य है कि मुंह के कैंसर होने की संभावना पुरुषों में महिलाओं की अपेक्षा ज्यादा होती है. 50 वर्ष से अधिक उम्र के पुरुषों को सबसे ज़्यादा जोखिम होता है. आइए मुंह के कैंसर के लक्षण और इसके होने के कारणों को विस्तारपूर्वक समझें.
मुंह के कैंसर के लक्षण
1. ठीक नहीं होने वाला नासूर त्वचा का एक निकला हुआ हिस्सा जो ठीक नहीं होता, मुंह के कैंसर का. लक्षण हो सकता है.
2. वज़न घटना अधिकतम वज़न घटना, कैंसर का संकेत हो सकता है.
3. होंठ, मसूड़ों या मुंह के अन्य क्षेत्रों में सूजन/मोटाई, गांठ, धब्बे/पपड़ी या कटाव विकसित होना.
4. मुंह में मख़मली सफेद, लाल या धब्बेदार (सफेद और लाल) पैच का विकास होना.
5. मुंह से बिना किसी वजह खून बहना.
6. चेहरे, मुंह, गर्दन या कान के किसी भी क्षेत्र में बिना किसी वजह के स्तब्धता होना, कुछ महसूस न होना या दर्द/कोमलता होना.
7. चेहरे, गर्दन या मुंह पर घाव होना और 2 सप्ताह के भीतर उनका ठीक न होना.
8. पीड़ा होना और ऐसा लग्न कि कुछ गले के पिछले हिस्से में कुछ फसा है.
9. चबाने या निगलने, बोलने या जबड़े या जीभ को हिलाने में कठिनाई होना.
10. घबराहट और आवाज़ में परिवर्तन.
11. आपके दांतों और कृत्रिम दांतों के एक साथ फिट होने के तरीके में बदलाव.
12. गर्दन में गांठ होना.
मुंह के कैंसर होने के कारण और जोखिम
1. धूम्रपान: मौखिक कैंसर के विकसित होने की संभावना उन लोगों में छह गुना ज्यादा होती है जो सिगरेट, सिगार या पाइप धूम्रपान का सेवन करते हैं. इस प्रकार के लोगों में गाल, मसूड़ों और होठों की लाइनिंग का कैंसर होने की सम्भावना 50 गुना तक अधिक हो सकती है.
2. शराब: शराब पिने के कई नुकसानों में से एक ये भी है कि इससे मुंह के कैंसर के होने की संभावना बढ़ जाती है. इसलिए यदि आप इसके मुंह के कैंसर होने की जोखिम से बचना चाहते हैं तो आपको शराब जैसी अल्कोहलिक पदार्थों का सेवन नहीं करना चाहिए.
3. लिंग: कई सर्वेक्षणों में ये फैक्ट सामने आया है कि महिलाओं के मुकाबले पुरुषों में मौखिक कैंसर होने की दो गुना ज्यादा संभावना है. इसके पीछे भी कई कारण है. लेकिन मुख्य बात ये है कि पुरुष तम्बाकू, शराब आदि का सेवन ज्यादा करते हैं. इन चीजों का सेवन करने से इसकी संभावना बढ़ती है.
4. उम्र: यदि हम मौखिक कैंसर के होने की उम्र की बात करें तो इसकी औसत आयु 62 है. हलांकि इस रोग वाले दो-तिहाई व्यक्ति 55 वर्ष से अधिक आयु केभी हैं. इसके अलावा अनुवांशिकता कुछ आनुवांशिक उत्परिवर्तन जो शरीर में अलग-अलग सिंड्रोम पैदा करते हैं, मौखिक कैंसर का उच्च जोखिम हो सकते हैं.
5. तंबाकू: मौखिक गुहा कैंसर वाले लगभग 80% लोग सिगरेट और तम्बाकू का प्रयोग करते हैं. मौखिक कैंसर के विकास का जोखिम तंबाकू के उपयोग और उपयोग की अवधि पर निर्भर करता है. धूम्रपान करने से मुंह या गले में कैंसर हो सकता है और तम्बाकू उत्पादों से गले, मसूड़ों और होंठों की आंतरिक सतह में में कैंसर होता है.
6. एचपीवी: मानव पेपिलोमावायरस संक्रमण एचपीवी, मौखिक कैंसर का एक जोखिम कारक है. प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली का दमन प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को दबाने वाली दवाएं लेना जैसे - कुछ प्रतिरक्षा रोगों का इलाज करने वाली दवाएं, मौखिक कैंसर का खतरा बढ़ा सकते हैं.
Esophagectomy is a procedure of removing a part of the esophagus and reconstructing the same using another organ of the body. The oesophagus is the tube that connects the stomach and the mouth. This procedure is often performed in an advanced stage of esophageal cancer and Barrett’s esophagus. This procedure removes the cancer cells from the esophagus and gives relief from the symptoms. The organs from where the reconstructing tissues are taken are generally large intestine and stomach.
Many esophagectomy surgeries are performed with minimally invasive techniques. The latter is commonly known as laparoscopic surgery. This is a procedure where numerous small incisions are made in order to perform the surgery. This procedure results in faster recovery and reduced pain as compared to the conventional surgery.
Newer methods such as Robotic surgery are being adopted by many doctors these days. Procedures like these can access the oesophagus through places such as the throat, collarbone and abdomen. They make a minute incision to get to the exact location of the cancer and treat them with an improved precision, unlike the conventional surgical methods.
An important aspect of treating this condition is to determine the procedure that is going to be implemented. To determine this, doctors uses imaging techniques such as PET scan, CT scan and an MRI scan. A doctor might also prescribe other tests such as FNAC and endoscopic ultrasound. Heart evaluations are also conducted before the surgery to ensure that there are no complications involved while performing the surgery.
Unless the cancer is detected at a very early stage, most doctors recommend radiation or chemotherapy or both. These treatments help to shrink the size of the cancer and make for an effective oesophagectomy. Both chemotherapy and radiation have their set of side effects, which include loss of appetite, fatigue, hair loss, vomiting and skin discolouration.
Post the procedure, a patient cannot directly consume food. He is required to consume food through a pipe for a duration of four-six weeks. Adequate nutrition is required during this phase to recover quickly. Once the patient is able to resume a normal diet, it should be ensured that he takes food in reduced quantities to make up for the reduced stomach size.
Almost 90% of patients who have gone through this procedure report an improved life quality. While lifestyle related adjustments have to be made, there could be regular follow-ups to ensure the below mentioned complications do not arise:
1. Breathing-related problems
2. Swallowing problem
3. Effectively managing heartburn and ensuring the pain is under control
4. A thorough review of the nutritional diet to be consumed by the patient to counter sudden weight loss.
A gynecologist is a doctor who deals with the health and well-being of the female reproductive system as a whole. These doctors usually deal with problems relating to all the organs of the reproductive system and issues faced while having a baby.
The most common reasons to visit a gynecologist are enlisted below.
Gastric cancer is more commonly known as stomach cancer. It is usually diagnosed in later stages as symptoms are few in early disease and are often neglected by people. Feeling of fullness in upper abdomen, decrease in hunger, weight loss, weakness, vomiting, are some of the common symptoms. Like all cancers, stomach cancer is shrouded in a culture of myths and baseless facts. Here are some of these myths and actual facts to dispel any doubts:
People often confuse renal tumors with renal cancer. Not all renal tumors are malignant in nature. Some of them can be benign as well. Mentioned below are the renal tumors, both benign as well as malignant.
Benign Renal Tumors
As the term suggests, these tumors are noncancerous and do not metastasize. The benign renal tumors can be of the following types
Malignant Renal Tumors
As the name suggests, there are cancerous tumors that can metastasize to other body parts. The malignant renal tumors can be of the following types
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Statistics report an approximate 38.5% of men and women are diagnosed with some type of cancer during their lifetime. Getting widely prevalent, cancer is a deadly disease. However, due to the continuous efforts in the field of medical science, several treatment methods offering positive results are on the evolve.
Scientists have made great progress in discerning the characteristics of normal and cancer cells in the bladder and also an insight into how this helps the cancer cells to grow and spread to other parts of the body. They are now trying to utilize this knowledge for developing new ways that can treat bladder cancer and others.
Thus, if you are diagnosed with bladder cancer, do not lose hope but persevere and stay positive to get cured. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Gynecological cancer is any tumor that begins in a woman’s reproductive organs. Cancer is usually named after the part of the body where it begins. Gynecologic cancer starts in different areas within a woman’s pelvis, which is the territory beneath the stomach and in the middle of the hipbones. There are different types of gynecological cancers and these are as follows:
Signs and symptoms of the above-mentioned gynecologic cancers can be very vague; however, there are a few issues each lady needs to know about and look for. The following are some of the common symptoms of different gynecological cancer:
A large portion of the symptoms connected with gynecologic cancers may occur due to other reasons every once in a while, which may make us ignore them. It is vital to be tuned into your body and pay consideration on any progressions. In case you see new side effects that are happening every day for more than a couple of weeks, this can be an indication of gynecological cancer. Try not to worry. Make sure to go for regular check-ups at your gynecologist. If you feel that the aforementioned symptoms are persistent, seek immediate medical attention. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Are you aware of the link between air pollution and cancer? Air pollution refers to the mixture of several harmful substances, which lead to various serious health hazards on exposure. The primary sources of air pollution are man-made, including fumes from automobiles and the smoke from burning fuels. Desert dust, radon gas, and several other natural sources of air pollution are equally dangerous. Air pollution is classified into outdoor and indoor air pollution. It is highly associated with increased risks of developing cancer. Smoking is considered to be one of the major agents, which pollute the air and increase the chances of cancer to a large extent.
Outdoor air pollution
Indoor air pollution
Second hand smoke
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
As much as you want to avoid, there are things you have no control over. Lung cancer (Bronchogenic Carcinomas) is one such nemesis that can throw life in shambles. The malignant tumor that originates in the lungs slowly spreads onto the other distinct and vital organs as well. Thought to be mostly affecting men who are chain smokers and into severe tobacco consumption, incidences of lung cancer in women are rising at an alarming rate over the past few years. Non-smokers may also be susceptible (to a lesser extent though) to lung cancer.
Lung cancer can be either
Radiotherapy to treat Lung cancer:
Radiotherapy plays a pivotal role in the treatment of lung cancer. The radiation therapy is mainly of two types
In external beam radiation therapy, high-energy rays are focused on the cancer cells (thereby resulting in the apoptosis of the cancer cells) externally, from outside the body. EBRT is particularly helpful in case of Non-small cell lung cancers.
The EBRT may be of the following types
The effect, dosage, and duration of radiation therapy depend on the stage and severity of the condition. In some cases, radiation therapy may be given together with chemotherapy.
Have you undergone a thyroid removal surgery recently or planning to go for one, then you should know some important things that should be kept in mind. After undergoing the surgery, it is essential that you should allow your body some time to recover. Your health care provider will educate you regarding the activities and exercises that can help in recovering from the surgery faster. It is worthy of mention here that the recovery process is dependent on the extent and type of surgery you have undergone. It would generally take a longer time to recover from traditional surgery than minimally invasive procedure.
What to do right after the surgery?
In the days following the surgery, you are required to take care of the incision area. You may or not be allowed to take a bath depending on the dressing on the wound. You are likely to experience slight swelling around the scar. Even though this is normal, you should report to your doctor without further delay. The scar may start feeling hard three weeks after the surgery, and you may apply an unscented moisturizer to prevent dryness while healing.
When to start daily activities after the thyroid gland removal surgery?
You are free to resume most of the normal activities the day following the surgery. But you should wait for at least 10 days or until your doctor allows you to engage in physically strenuous activities. Your throat is likely to feel sore for a couple of days. You can also take an over-the-counter pain medicine like acetaminophen or ibuprofen for relieving soreness. In case these drugs are not offering desired relief, your doctor may prescribe you to take narcotic pain medicine. It is a common outcome of the thyroid removal surgery to develop hypothyroidism. In case this happens to you, your doctor may recommend you to take some form of levothyroxine for bringing down the hormone levels.
Is there any physical restriction after the thyroid removal surgery?
Most surgeons recommend that patients should limit all sorts of physically strenuous works after the thyroid removal surgery. This is recommended for reducing the risk of postoperative neck hematoma and breaking open of the wound closure. These limitations are temporary and brief and are generally followed by a quick transition to unrestricted activity. You are free to take part in heavy lifting or swimming or other exercises two to three weeks after the surgery.
Is it possible to lead a normal life after the thyroid removal surgery?
Once you have recovered from the effects of thyroid surgery, you can do anything you feel like. Post-surgery your thyroid levels will be monitored through regular follow-ups. If the surgery were carried out for thyroid cancer, your doctor would also check for recurrence of cancer during your visits. It is essential to stick to this schedule and report if you notice any suspicious changes or experience discomfort so that proper care can be given and you can lead a normal life.