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Ovarian Cysts - How To Treat Them?

Dr. Vani W 93% (32 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Madurai
Ovarian Cysts - How To Treat Them?

All women have two ovaries located on either side of the uterus. They are fundamental for the process of child birth. However ovarian cysts have emerged as major problems which most women suffer from. In this, small pockets filled with fluids develop on the surface or within the ovaries. Though they are generally harmless, often times disappearing without any treatment, they do have the potential to create complications during child birth. Treatment of ovarian cysts depends on the size and the quantity of the cysts. 

Some of the treatments available are-

1. Patience and a careful watch
In case medical examinations reveal tiny cysts, patience can be the key word. If you did not suffer from perceptible symptoms and the cysts were revealed only through tests, you must follow it with regular visits to the doctor. Few medications and regular ultrasound examinations are all you need in such a case.

2. Contraceptives
Birth control pills or contraceptives may be sometimes prescribed to you as possible medications to treat the cysts. Regular administering of these medicines deters the possibility of further development of cysts.  They also benefit greatly in reducing the possibilities of suffering from ovarian cancer in the future.

3. Operations
In case the tests reveal large cysts, operations or surgical removal of them may be the only possible solution.  Operations are generally suggested if the cysts have persisted for a long time and are accompanied by terrible pain in the lower abdomen.

4. Ovarian cystectomy 
This is performed when the ovaries are kept intact and only the cysts are carefully removed.

5. Oophorectomy
In this form of surgery, only the ovary that is affected with the cysts is removed, while the other is kept intact. Both the ovaries might also have to be surgically removed if they are found to be affected.

6. Hysterectomy and subsequent removal of fallopian tubes and uterus
This is done when the cysts developed have the potential of becoming cancer us. In such a situation, an extreme measure is adopted with the complete removal of the ovaries along with the uterus and fallopian tubes. This is done in order to prevent the subsequent spreading of cancer.

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For a metastatic prostate cancer patient, is Eligard along with Zytiga + Prednisone the BEST treatment? If not, what is? Thank you.

Dr. Feroz Mohd Khan 89% (27 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Urology
Urologist, Lucknow
For metastatic carcinoma prostrate, LHRH Agonist (ie. Eligard) is first line treatment to start with.
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Risk Factors Of Breast Cancer!

Dr. Jayanti Kamat 87% (547 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai

The risk factors include:

- advanced age
- obesity
- smoking
- excessive alcohol
- hormone replacement therapy
- menstruating at an early age or late menopause
- family history of breast cancer
- having no children


Hlo Dr. Grandma has a primary metastasis breast cancer which spread to lungs and throat Dr. says chemo but she did one chemo she cant handle now she take homeo and ayurvedic medicine She has a guilty shown outside the breast where there is a wound She has a pain in breast and guilty.

Dr. Nikhilesh Borkar 91% (652 ratings)
MBBS, M.S. General Surgery, M.R.C.S. England, M.Ch. Surgical Oncology, DNB Surgical Oncology, FEBS Surgical Oncology, DNB General Surgery, MNAMS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FEBS Breast Surgery, FACS, Fellowship IFHNOS & MSKCC USA, Fellowship in breast and oncplastic Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
If the breast cancer has fungated then it is better to do a toilet mastectomy to remove the same. What is the Biopsy and IHC report of the Breast? I would be able to opine better if you send the reports directly to me.
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What is symptoms of cancer? Tell me about blood cancer and precautions and treatment.

Dr. Nimisha. S 90% (12 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Pathanamthitta
Hi Symptoms depends on type and cancer stage. There may be Un explained Weight loss Persistent Fatigue Bowel/bladder changes Bleeding Lump/masses Pain Fever, chills Headache Joint pain Abdominal pain, nausea Loss of appetite Swollen lymph nodes Types of blood cancers are Leukemia Hodgkin lymphoma Non-hodgkin lymphoma Multiple Myeloma.
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Fibroadenomas - Causes And Symptoms

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO, MD - Gynae, FCPS - Gynae, DNB - Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Fibroadenomas - Causes And Symptoms

Fibroadenomas are benign non carcinogenic tumors that occur in the breasts of women. Although the condition may affect females of any age; spanning from pubescent girls to middle aged ladies, yet it is most commonly diagnosed in young women below 30 years of age. Fibroadenomas can be described as a stiff, smooth, supple marble under the skin of your breasts, which move when touched. These tumors which occur in varied sizes, may shrink or expand with time. Diagnosing through biopsies and treatment by surgeries are commonly employed for such a condition.

Types of Fibroadenomas
Fibroadenomas are of two types: simple fibroadenomas and complex fibroadenomas. The simple tumors are usually harmless and almost look the same under the lens of a microscope. On the other hand, the complex tumors are comprised of macro cysts (large fluid-filled sacs) and calcifications (deposits of calcium) which can slightly increase the chance of breast cancer.

What is the primary cause of Fibroadenomas?
Doctors aren't able to pinpoint the chief cause of fibroadenomas, but they have reasons to believe that the condition may pertain to the reproductive hormones. The condition may occur during pregnancy or during the use of hormone therapy, owing to which, the tumors may increase in size. The tumors are usually seen to shrink postmenopause, when the hormone levels start to dwindle.

Fibroadenomas are apparent and you may be able to detect them even without a doctor. The marble like tumor within your breasts are usually:
1) Painless
2) Firm
3) Rubbery and elastic
4) Easily movable

These tumors can range from being too small to as big as 3 inches or more in diameter. These lumps, which are usually harmless may be a cause of concern if they start to grow or change. Consulting a doctor is duly advised in such cases.

Fibroadenomas, only in the rarest cases, increase the likelihood of breast cancer. A complex fibroadenoma comprising of cysts or thick tissues called calcifications may aggravate your condition. Causes of concern could be if the tumor pains, a family history of cancer or an event of a questionable biopsy report. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Red Carrots (Desi Gajar) Or Orange Carrots - What Is The Difference?

Dr. P.K. Srivastava 90% (1103 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Noida
Red Carrots (Desi Gajar) Or Orange Carrots - What Is The Difference?

Carrots are one of the healthiest vegetables on the planet. They come in various colours and sizes and are widely available all over the world. Historians believe that carrots have been grown and eaten since the 1500s. Initially, carrots were cultivated in purple, white and yellow varieties. The orange and red varieties came much later. Whatever be their color, there is enough evidence to prove that carrot is a super food and benefits of eating carrots are enormous.

Each variety of this antioxidant rich food, supplies us with surplus amounts of vitamins. Carrots are great for weight watchers as it is a low calorie food. Red carrots are sweeter in taste than the orange variety. Orange carrots are less sweet, but have a pleasant taste. Red carrots are generally available in the winter season, whereas the orange ones are available throughout the year.

Red carrots contain a compound called lycopene, which gives it its red colour, the one also found in tomatoes. Lycopene protects our body against free radicals. It is believed to fight cancer cells and prevent heart disease. Vitamin A found in red carrots is essential for healthy eyes. Red carrots also contain phytonutrients called anthocyanin. Anthocyanin are powerful antioxidants that can help prevent cell damage and decrease risk of heart attack.

Orange carrots are loaded with vitamins A, E and K. Vitamin A is essential for eye health, vitamin K aids in blood clotting and improves bone health whereas vitamin E boosts the immune system. Vitamin E, also known as a skin vitamin supplements skin and gives it its natural glow. Beta carotene present in orange carrots has excellent antioxidant properties and protects the body against oxidative damage. Further, they contain a pigment called lutein, which helps decrease the risk of macular degeneration and other age-related diseases.

We can find a vast spectrum of colours in nature, be it fruits, vegetables, flowers, plant or birds. According to Ayurveda, colours have a lot of significance when it comes to food. Ayurveda talks about the importance of colors in diet and recommends a rainbow diet for health, beauty and anti ageing. A rainbow diet is one that incorporates all naturally occurring colours in food. So, you could increase your health quotient simply by making your plate vibrant with colourful fruits and vegetables. Thus, eating different varieties of carrots could surely be one good way to include colours and a host of nutrients in our diet.

Raw carrots offer maximum nutritional benefit; however, they are also the simplest vegetables to cook. They can be steamed, boiled, added to stews, soups or salads. Doctors recommend eating two carrots per day for better eye health. Include Carrots in your plate today and every day!

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Neuroendocrine Tumor - All You Need To Know About Its Treatment!

Dr. Ravindra Chhajed 88% (335 ratings)
MBBS, FCPS - Medicine, DNB - General Medicine (I)
Diabetologist, Pune
Neuroendocrine Tumor - All You Need To Know About Its Treatment!

There are several hormones that are secreted by our bodies and they can be defined as chemicals that control the different bodily functions. At times, the cells that secrete the hormones develop tumors. Some areas where these tumors are known to arise include lungs, stomach, pancreas, glands, or intestines.

If you are diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumor, it is important to learn whether they are benign or cancerous. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are neoplasms that may result from the cells of the nervous and the endocrine system. If the cells are cancerous, they can spread throughout the body. Also, they release their own hormones and you may experience the associated symptoms. On the other hand, the benign tumors do not shift from their place of origin.

However, you should note that the growth of a neuroendocrine tumor takes place at a sluggish rate; sometimes, they could take years to grow. Normally, the medical experts will advise their removal or administer varied treatments for their shrinkage. Also, some therapies to alleviate the symptoms can be practiced.

NETs are categorized into varied groups depending on their area of growth or the hormones they secrete. The different types of NETs include Carcinoid (intestinal), Pancreatic, Insulinomas, Glucagonomas, Somatostatinomas, VIPomas, Medullary, and Pheochromocytoma. The medical professionals have not been able to ascertain the exact cause for NETs as yet. However, they opine that certain illnesses that run in a family are responsible for these growths. For ascertaining whether a person has developed NETs, a medical diagnosis is required. Mostly, the patients do not display symptoms and the disorder is detected fortuitously.

There are various treatments available for NETs, including drugs, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. The patients are treated depending on the type of NETs they are affected by. Also, the doctors will try to establish whether the growths are cancerous, and have spread to other parts of the body prior to treating the patients.

Treatment Methods:

The following are some of the treatment options available for NETs:

  1. Surgery: Surgical methods are employed by the doctors for removing the tumors; predominantly, if the tumors are not cancerous or have not spread to the different parts of the body. Some surgeries that are performed by the doctors as a part of the treatment of NETs include cryosurgery and radiofrequency ablation.
  2. Hormonal therapy: If the doctors find it suitable, they will treat you with hormone therapy when NETs are detected in your body. In this case, they will inject hormonal drugs for preventing the cells from producing hormones or to shrink the tumor.
  3. Radiation: As a part of radiation therapy, the doctors will subject the tumor site to high radiation X-rays for eliminating the cancerous cells. If cancer has spread or the specialists are not able to reach the tumors, then this treatment method is known to be effective.
  4. Chemotherapy: You may be prescribed chemotherapy drugs for killing the cancerous cells, at times, after being diagnosed with NETs. However, they give birth to certain ill-effects and it is always better to adhere to your doctor’s suggestions to be on the safer side.
  5. Embolization Procedures: In specific cases where the NETs have spread to the liver, the doctors will aim to obstruct the blood flow that provides nourishment to the cells. Embolization therapy is performed in such cases.

When recovering from NETs, you must make sure to consume a balanced diet to keep the body nourished and heightening the body’s ability to counter the illnesses. Eating protein-rich foods such as beans, eggs, cheese, and fish are recommended. Also, avoid the intake of fatty foods, sugar-filled beverages, and sweets.

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I have multiple lipomas. I was tensed that they are cancerous. So how can I cure them. They are increasing in number day by day. Please help me sir.

Dr. Nikhilesh Borkar 91% (652 ratings)
MBBS, M.S. General Surgery, M.R.C.S. England, M.Ch. Surgical Oncology, DNB Surgical Oncology, FEBS Surgical Oncology, DNB General Surgery, MNAMS, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS, FICS, FEBS Breast Surgery, FACS, Fellowship IFHNOS & MSKCC USA, Fellowship in breast and oncplastic Surgery
Oncologist, Mumbai
I have multiple lipomas. I was tensed that they are cancerous. So how can I cure them. They are increasing in number ...
Dercums disease is the in condition which multiple lipomas can develop over the body. They are usually harmless except for the cosmesis. Surgical removal is recommended if the lipoma only if significant enlargement in size especially if it is quite rapid (due to the rare risk of sarcomatous transformation) Feel free to contact me directly if you want to discuss this further.
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