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Bursitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Cost

Last Updated: Feb 23, 2023

What is Bursitis?

The term "bursitis" refers to the uncomfortable condition that impacts the bursae. They are seen to be tiny sacs filled with fluid that act as a cushion for the muscles, tendons, and bones close to the joints. Inflammation of bursae results in bursitis.

What causes Bursitis?

Bursitis develops when the bursae get clogged with fluid and are unable to carry out their intended duties. It often occurs due to these reasons-

  • Injury
  • Arthritis
  • Tendonitis
  • Infections
  • Gout
  • overexertion
  • Thyroid disease

What are the symptoms of Bursitis?

The shoulders, elbow, and hip are some of the precise sites where bursitis symptoms are most prominent. These include-

  • Swollen and red in appearance
  • Feels achy or stiff
  • Fever
  • Bruising or rashes in the effects area
  • Sharp or shooting pain
  • Sudden inability to move the joint

What are the Risk Factors of Bursitis?

Although, bursitis can affect anyone there are some factors that often increase the bursitis risk. These include-

  • Age
  • Overweight
  • Systemic disorder
  • Underlying disorders
  • Excess pressure on knee and hip


How can you prevent Bursitis?

Bursitis often leads to severe problems for the patients like pain along with the inability to move joints. Therefore to avoid such problems, we can follow some simple rules for Bursitis prevention like-


  • Take breaks during repetitive tasks
  • Start new exercises slowly
  • Warm up before exercising
  • Keep yourself hydrated


  • Do not overstress the body
  • Stop practices that cause pain
  • Do not ignore the bursitis symptoms for too long

Bursitis - Diagnosis and Tests

Several diagnostic techniques are used by doctors to get accurate results. It involves several methods including-

  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • A lab test of the fluid, etc.

Physicians pay close attention to their patient's medical histories.

What are the possible complications of Bursitis?

If not treated right away and for a lengthy period of time, bursitis can become very dangerous. It may develop serious complications like-

  • Tenderness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • A generalized feeling of being sick

Home Remedies for Bursitis?

Some patients often use home remedies to treat bursitis. These remedies refer to the conventional methods that may heal bursitis to a certain extent. These are-

  • Taking proper rest
  • Avoiding stress on the affected area
  • Applying heating pad
  • Do not overuse the affected area
  • Having pain killers
  • Taking a warm bath

What to eat in Bursitis?

Foods often help to keep our body healthy so we should especially focus on our diet while struggling with bursitis disorders. Some foods taken to lessen the bursitis pain include-

  • Vitamin B
  • Omega 3 fatty acid-rich foods
  • Vitamin C
  • Banana
  • Spinach
  • Broccoli

What not to eat in Bursitis?

Some foods often oppose the healing process of bursitis. Therefore, we need to avoid them. Those foods are-

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Spicy foods
  • processed foods
  • Junk foods

Bursitis Treatment

Bursitis Treatment starts with a proper diagnosis. While it cannot be diagnosed by a single physical examination, it requires a number of procedures. After diagnosis, doctors prescribe different medicine to different patients based on the symptoms. It may include other methods too.

Which doctor to consult for Bursitis?

As soon as a patient experiences bursitis pain and symptoms, he/she must consult a general physician first and start taking the treatments. The physician may later advise you of a specialized doctor as per the patient’s requirements.

What are the treatments for Bursitis?

For bursitis, there are numerous therapeutic options available. Sometimes, bursitis may get healed on its own, and if not then these treatments options will work for them-

  • Diagnostic methods
  • Injections
  • Therapy
  • Medications
  • Surgery

Which are the best medicines for Bursitis?

There are so many medicines available out there for bursitis disorder. Doctors often prescribe the NSAIDs like naproxen or Ibuprofen for complete treatment of bursitis. However, the best medicine should only be decided by the doctor.

How long does it take to recover from Bursitis?

Bursitis leads to swelling and tenderness of joints. It may take a few weeks for complete recovery with the help of proper treatment procedures. However, it may vary in different patients.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment of bursitis are usually permanent. However, it may take variable times in different patients.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

A person who is undergoing recurring bursitis patient or experiencing any other bursitis symptoms is definitely eligible for the treatment. He/she should take a proper medical consultation to combat bursitis.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who is not expecting any kind of bursitis symptoms need not get treated. he/she should be careful about their health status.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After treatment, doctors often provide you with a list of post-treatment guidelines to monitor the health status of the patient. These include-

  • Take proper rest
  • Take medications as prescribed
  • Have nutritious meals
  • Be regular on follow-ups
  • Keep yourself hydrated

What is the price of Bursitis treatments in India?

The price of bursitis treatment usually ranges from 8,000-1.5 lakhs rupees. However, it may vary in the different medical centres. It includes the cost of all the procedures involved in treatment.

What are the side effects of Bursitis treatments?

Usually, bursitis treatment may lead to some simple side effects which can be easily tackled. These include-

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Tenderness, etc.

Bursitis - Outlook / Prognosis

Bursitis arises due to inflammation of bursae that play an important role in cushioning of joints. It affects the normal movements of joints. It leads to various painful complications. It is considered a serious disorder and requires a medical consultation. However, its treatment is available outside along with proper therapy and medications.


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Written ByDr. Rohit Chakor Fellowship in Joint Replacement & Arthroscopy,Fellowship in Knee and Hip Replacement,MBBS,Fellowship in Trauma and Arthroplasty,Fellowship in Minimally Invasive Joint Replacement Surgery,DNB (Orthopedics),DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic SurgeryOrthopaedics
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