You are out in public, and a person next to you is incessantly coughing. It is natural to be worried if it is bronchitis and the possibility of you getting infected. Read on to know about the condition and if it is really contagious. Bronchial tubes are the airways in the lungs, and when they are inflamed due to an infection or an underlying medical condition, it results in bronchitis. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic and depending on the cause, may or may not be contagious.
Types of bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis occurs when the airways in the lungs get irritated again and again. Though it’s a severe health condition that requires medical attention, it is not as contagious as it occurs due to the exposure to certain chemicals, dust, cigarette smoke or smoke from a fire, air pollutants that irritate the lungs.
On the other hand, acute bronchitis that usually lasts for one to three weeks is considered to be contagious because this particular type of bronchitis happens due to the flu or cold viruses. It is the infectious properties of the viruses causing it that makes it contagious.
In the case of acute bronchitis, since it is caused mainly due to viral infections when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks, the viruses get transmitted to others in the surrounding. Hence it can spread quickly.
Some of the common symptoms of acute bronchitis are a hacking cough, production of excessive mucus, shortness of breath, and feelings of discomfort in the chest. Note that as long as the infection is present, acute bronchitis remains contagious. Once the infection is gone, it is no longer contagious, though, the symptoms, like a persisting cough, may stay for several weeks afterward.
Maintaining healthy hygiene, such as washing hands regularly or keeping the surfaces clean, or using a handkerchief when coughing or sneezing can help in preventing the spread of the infection as well as getting affected with it. Also, taking flu vaccinations and quitting to smoke can also assist in preventing lung infections.
For the majority cases of acute bronchitis, the condition is resolved by itself within a few weeks and antibiotics may not be an ideal treatment option if the acute bronchitis is caused by a virus. The most recommended treatment options that can quicken the recovery process are taking rest, opting for prescribed over-the-counter medications, drinking lots of fluids, inhaling the steam of hot water, whether from the shower or a bowl of hot water.
People who have asthma or chronic bronchitis sometimes may develop acute bronchitis as a result of further complications of their present lung conditions and not as a result of virus invasion. Therefore, the chances of such acute bronchitis being contagious are less than those caused by influenza viruses or bacteria.
Thus, acute bronchitis due to a viral infection is more contagious than chronic bronchitis that is due to an underlying medical condition like asthma and other lung diseases. With a few simple and effective measures, such contagious infections can be prevented.
Are you suffering from chronic bronchitis and are looking for ideal treatment measures? Bronchitis occurs when your windpipe or trachea and your large and small bronchitis within your lungs get inflamed because of infections and several other causes. The condition is considered to be chronic when your cough with mucus is persistent for at least three months. Chronic bronchitis is a condition that falls under the group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Smoking, inhaled irritants, secondhand smoke, inhaled fumes, and certain viruses are primary causes of chronic bronchitis.
The symptoms and characteristics of chronic bronchitis are as follows:
The treatment of chronic bronchitis depends on the cause. There is no specific cure for the condition, and its treatment aims at improving your lung function and reducing the symptoms.
It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of chronic bronchitis. This will ensure proper diagnosis and an early start to your treatment, which will prevent worsening of the condition.
If you are having a chronic cough and often pant for breath, it is quite possible that you may be suffering from bronchitis. In addition to this, you may also experience wheezing, fatigue, and pain in the chest. It is triggered when the lining of the airways in the lungs become irritated. To determine, whether or not bronchitis is contagious, it is important to understand what caused the ailment.
Whether a person having bronchitis can spread the disease depends on the virus that is causing the ailment. In most instances, it is seen that the disease is contagious for the first few weeks of infection. Since there are hundreds of viruses causing bronchitis, it is best to assume that a person is bound to spread the disease when he has symptoms of cold and flu.
What causes transmission of bronchitis?
Acute bronchitis owing to infection is generally transmitted via an airborne droplet containing germs. It is transmitted when someone having infection shakes hand or sneezes or coughs or has any other physical contact. Some virus and bacteria have the power to live outside the body for a prolonged span of time, and therefore, you can get infected by touching an object that is harboring the germs.
It is often seen that acute bronchitis begins as flu and therefore, the best way to prevent it is to get an annual shot of flu. When you come in contact with an infected person, the chances of being affected is high if you have chronic infections or weak immune system. Aged people and young children are most vulnerable to this disease.
How can acute bronchitis be prevented?
Even though acute bronchitis is extremely common and can occur at any time, winter is the most vulnerable season for bronchitis. But there are ways in which you can prevent bronchitis effortlessly. You should avoid close contact and sharing of utensils with an infected person who has flu, cold or bronchitis. You should not touch a used tissue since the virus of bronchitis can easily spread through mucus. Make sure that you get the annual flu shot and wash your hands in warm water.
The disease is very common, and it can make you feel very uncomfortable at times. But there are times when the symptoms subside on their own without any sort of medical attention.
What is bronchitis?
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from your lungs. Usually the cold or flu completes its course in few weeks and you are again healthy and without any symptoms but when the infection spreads to bronchial tubes it causes swelling and inflammation there producing more mucus and timid cough. Along with that it would also produce tightness in the chest with short breathing accompanied by sound while breathing (wheezing). Low grade fever can also be seen.
Types of bronchitis -
A) acute bronchitis and b) chronic bronchitis
How does it spread?
Risk factors -
There are several things which can increase the risk of bronchitis:
The major complication of bronchitis are:
Symptoms & causes -
Signs and symptoms of acute and chronic bronchitis are:
Diagnosis & treatment -
Diagnosis of bronchitis is made by following points:
Homoeopathic approach towards bronchitis are very good there are several medicines which improve your immunity and give power to fight with bronchitis some medicines are:
Take medicines only after consulting a good homeopathic medicines.
Do’s & don’ts -
The bronchial tubes (also termed as bronchi) present in the lungs play an important role in carrying the air inside and out of the lungs. In Bronchitis, the lining of this bronchial tubes gets inflamed. Chronic Bronchitis, as the name suggests is a more severe condition whereby the bronchi lining suffers a constant inflammation and irritation. In most cases, the condition is found to affect people who are into heavy smoking.
Chronic Bronchitis triggers a myriad of complications including shortness of breath, cough (often associated with the production of a large amount of mucus), tiredness and mild fever. Affect people who are smokers. Heavily and regularly exposed to pollutants like dust, asbestos, fodder, vehicle pollutants(traffic police). Early diagnosis and treatment can help in preventing many serious complications including Pneumonia. In this article, we will highlight the effective treatments and medications along with the precautions in the case of chronic bronchitis.
Treatment and Medications in the case of Chronic Bronchitis
The severity of the condition often decides the course of the treatment.
Precautions and Self-management:
For a speedy recovery, a person should take the necessary precautions. There are certain Do's and Dont's that one should take care of in the case of chronic bronchitis.
Cause and symptoms of bronchitis with details of indicated homeopathy remedies.
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the main bronchial tubes-the bronchi-caused by a bacterial or viral infection. It may develop suddenly, following a head cold (acute bronchitis), or it may persist or return regularly over many years, causing progressive degeneration of the bronchi and lungs (chronic bronchitis).
Certain people are more susceptible than others. Men are more likely to develop the condition than women; the reasons for this are unclear.
Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a virus, such as the rhino virus, which causes the common cold, although sometimes it may be caused by bacteria such as Chlamydia.
Acute bronchitis can last from several days to several weeks. People are more likely to develop acute bronchitis if they have had a recurrent respiratory illness like cold, have other lung diseases like asthma or cystic fibrosis, or are cigarette smokers.
A patient comes with a history of irritating, unproductive cough, with discomfort behind the sternum, associated with tightness, shortness of breath and wheezing for two to three days. Cough, he says, has gradually become productive with greenish yellow sputum and has a mild fever.
On auscultation, one finds an occasional crackle with wheeze and blood examination shows neutrophilic leucocytosis. In an otherwise healthy person, without the patient being seriously ill, the whole episode can improve within 4-8 days.
It is either because of bacterial or viral infection, from nasal sinuses or throat. Or this attack can be a complication of measles, whooping cough, etc. and inhalation of dust, gases like SO2, or pollens or organic dust.
Chronic bronchitis, part of the spectrum of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is the more serious disease; it is defined as persistent cough sputum (the liquid secretion that comes up from the lungs when a person coughs) on most days for at least three months and for at least two successive years.
It is a slowly progressive type of COPD, limiting airflow in the lungs and causing a chronic cough and difficulty breathing due to shortness of breath.
On the basis of duration of disease, it is divided into two types -
Signs of acute bronchitis – in early stages few abnormal signs apart from occasional ronchi, after 2-3 days diffuse, bilateral ronchi, often with rales at the bases, prolonged expiration and an expiratory wheeze
Causes of acute bronchitis
Viruses which cause an upper respiratory infection like coryza, cold are responsible for 90% of cases of acute bronchitis. These include -
Environmental etiologies -
Diagnosis of acute bronchitis -
Diagnosis of acute bronchitis -
Diagnosis of acute bronchitis is based on a suggestive history and a physical examination. Neither blood cell counts nor sputum analyses are particularly diagnostic in otherwise healthy patients. Chest radiography may be helpful in distinguishing bacterial bronchitis from pneumonia.
Patients with recurrent bouts of acute bronchitis should be evaluated for possible asthma. This evaluation would include pulmonary function testing.
Patient with persistent symptoms in the course of presumed viral bronchitis should be evaluated to determine possible underlying etiologies. Sputum culture might prove useful in these circumstances.
Chronic bronchitis does not have a sudden onset and is most frequently caused by long term and repeated irritation of the bronchial tubes. Irritated and inflamed bronchial tubes are more prone to be infected.
A case if bronchitis is considered “chronic” if symptoms continue for three months or longer. Bronchitis caused by allergies can also be classified as chronic bronchitis.
Causes of chronic bronchitis -
SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS -
1. Cough – constant, paroxysmal, worse in winter or on exposure to cold winds or sudden change in temperature.
2. Expectoration – variable, may be little, thin or mucoid, or thick or frothy, mucoid and sticky. May become mucopurulent during attacks of chronic bronchitis in winter.
3. Dyspnoea – in advanced cases, breathing becomes quick and wheezing present even at rest.
4. Fever- absent except in acute exacerbation.
5. Haemoptysis – usually in the form of streaks of blood.
SIGNS OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS
(a) Build – usually short and stocky, (b) Cyanosis – rarely with clubbing. Signs of airway obstruction- prolonged expiration, pursing of lips during expiration, contraction of expiratory muscles during respiration, fixation of scapulae by clamping the arms at the beside, jugular venous distension during expiration, widespread wheeze of variable pitch usually most marked in expiration.
Who are at risk for chronic bronchitis?
Investigations in case of chronic bronchitis -
Ventilatory indices – reduced PEF and VC
Chest radiograph – may be normal, infected episodes may produce patchy shadows, of irregular distribution due to pneumonic consolidation and small line fibrotic scarring may result.
1. Sputum culture -
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using a holistic approach.
This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.
The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat bronchitis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat bronchitis that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.
For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following homeopathic remedies which are helpful in the treatment of bronchitis:
Aconite nap – an excellent remedy for acute bronchitis; hoarse, dry, croupy cough, loud, labored breathing; cough worse at night or after midnight; constant pressure in the left chest; shortness of breast; stitches through the left chest; tingling in the chest after cough; great anxiety and restlessness associated with complains.
2. Aralia racemosa -
Bryonia Alba – Great remedy for bronchitis; dry cough hurting the head and distant parts of the body with fever and great thirst of large quantity of water at large intervals; free expectoration in the morning and worse in warm room; hoarseness worse in open air; frequent desire to take long breath; to expand
Lungs; cough dry at night; must sit up; worse after eating and drinking; difficult respiration worse after every movement.
Drosera – important remedy for the cases of chronic bronchitis with spasmodic cough; dry Irritative cough; worse after midnight; yellow expectoration; difficulty in taking solid food.
Antim Ars – remedy for bronchitis; when the breathing is hard, rapid, and wheezy; rattling with marked dyspnoea and restlessness.
Squilla – well-known remedy for chronic bronchitis of old people; dyspnoea and stitches in chest; violent, furious, exhausting cough with much mucus; profuse, salty, slimy expectoration; cough provoked by talking; cold drinks, and by taking a deep breath; sneezing with coughing.
Ipecauc – excellent remedy for bronchitis of infants; a sense of suffocation; cough with loud wheezing; chest seems full of phlegm; yearly attacks of shortness of breath; great nausea.
Rumex– dry teasing cough, preventing sleep; aggravated by pressure, talking, and by inhaling cold air, and at night; thin watery, frothy expectoration by the mouthfuls, soreness behind sternum.
Carbo veg– remedy for bronchitis especially for old people; oppressed feeling in chest; spasmodic cough with gagging and vomiting of mucus; bluish face; offensive expectoration
Other important medicines for bronchitis mainly include- Antim tart, phosphorous, Hepar Sulph. Capsicum, Sulphur, Tuberculinum, Sticta, kali-bi; Mercurius, arsenic album, Pulsatilla, Ledum pal, kali Sulph, ammonium carb and many other medicines
The human lungs are an intricate and vital organ of the body. This organ is responsible for filtering the air you breathe, separating the oxygen and infusing it in the blood to be used by the body. The lungs have multiple tube-like structures within it, known as the bronchial tubes. The lining of these tubes may become inflamed due to a bacterial or viral infection and thus result in bronchitis. However, a significant percentage of bronchial inflammation or bronchitis is also caused by allergies. Inflammation causes swelling which not only results in breathing difficulties but also causes other problems as well such as excess production of mucus, painful coughing and heaviness in the chest area, etc.
Homeopathic approach towards curing allergic bronchitis
Homeopathy is a form of medication which is symptom-based and takes into account the general disposition of the person along with the apparent symptoms. Thus, prescribing medications also differs according to the differences in each patient. Some of the more well-known homeopathic medications usually prescribed are mentioned below. However, you should consult a homeopathic doctor first as they would be able to evaluate your condition best and then prescribe the correct medications accordingly.
Rising levels of air pollution are always in the news and it is a legitimate cause of concern. It has a severe toxic effect on us, and our environment. Factories are popping up in greater frequency than ever before, trees are being cut down to make room for ever-expanding cities and with every family owning cars, pollution is becoming a crisis that is hard to contend with. According to the World Health Organisation, the chief pollutants are carbon monoxide, sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides and lead, which are all emitted from factories and car through their exhausts.
What is the impact of air pollution on the human body?
• Eye irritation
• Cardiovascular diseases
• Skin diseases
• Neuropsychiatric disorders
The organ that is most affected by air pollution is the lungs. With pollution on the rise, more and more people are complaining of respiratory ailments. WHO has already proved that air pollutants are actually a carcinogen.
What are the symptoms of respiratory ailments?
The most common symptoms are-
Homoeopathy for the treatment of lung diseases-
Homoeopathy is a boon to the field of medicine and has been in practice for several decades now. Homoeopathy believes that lung diseases are a manifestation of an innate problem and if the problem is detected and eradicated, the symptoms will dissipate as well. Homoeopathy cures lung diseases by-
• Preventing further damage to the lungs
• Preventing side-effects from harming the body by adopting a natural and holistic approach
• Reducing reliance on steroids and bronchodilators
There are different types of chronic lung ailments and homoeopathy uses 25 compounds in different combinations to treat each of them. The best part about Homeopathy treatment is that it leaves no adverse effect on your body, unlike conventional methods of treatment.
Surveys reveal that three fourth of India’s population is affected by air pollution. If you feel that you might have contracted a respiratory ailment, consider consulting a homoeopathy doctor.
As we go about life and routine activities, we may be exposed to a lot of different types of environments. We may have to travel in heavy traffic and may be exposed to vehicular pollution, there may be times when we are at places that allow smoking and that may expose us to smoke from cigarettes. Our nature of work today requires us to be constantly in a situation where we take in industrial fumes and exhausts. Being in any of these conditions temporarily may not be a big matter of worry, but when the incidents get more frequent they may lead to troubles in breathing and diseases such as bronchitis or acute bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis is a condition in which the bronchial tube that carries air to and from the lungs gets inflamed due to different reasons. The biggest hazard related to the inflammation of the bronchial tube is that the patient may suffer from constant coughing and irritation of the throat putting pressure on the lungs. In advanced cases, a bronchial infection may also leave the nodes of the lungs inflamed, making it more difficult for the patients to breathe.
Causes of Acute Bronchitis:
The most common causes of bronchitis include the infection of the bronchial tube with bacteria or virus, which lead to the inflammation of the tube and subsequent bouts of coughing.
A habit of smoking cigarettes or being exposed to cigarette smoke as a passive smoker may lead to the infection of the bronchial tube.
Vehicular smoke and fumes also lead to the inflammation and infection of the tube that plays an imminent role in supplying oxygen to the lungs.
Finally, when one works in a position where he/she is exposed to chemicals or harmful exhausts on a constant basis may also have to suffer from acute bronchitis.
Treating the Problem:
One of the best ways to combat health issues such as problems of bronchitis may be to lead a lifestyle as healthy as possible and to make sure that bad habits such as cigarette smoking are kept at bay. Apart from lifestyle habits, if a person falls prey to acute bronchitis, it may be important to undergo treatment so that long term effects to the lungs may be avoided.
Choosing the right treatment is of essence when you need to get the best results. One of the most effective treatments in maintaining a healthy bronchial tube is to opt for homeopathic treatment. The most viable trait of the treatment is that it does not lead to affecting the other body systems in a negative manner and the results are achieved by ensuring that it remains easy on the body. The natural ingredients and components of the medicines in homeopathy do not leave the patient weak and fighting for strength. This is one of the main reasons why people today prefer homeopathy over other conventional medicines.
Sputum production and chronic cough for at least three months in a year, consecutively for two years is termed as Chronic Bronchitis. Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis are different from each other but are covered under the same umbrella COPD, which means Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease and that is because both are diseases related to respiration.
How is Chronic Bronchitis different from Emphysema?
Both of them occur when the airways in the lungs get damaged due to the inflammation of the airways. Emphysema is the result of air sacs break down whereas Chronic Bronchitis is the result of excessive mucus formation and inflammation in the Bronchi. Some people show either of the symptoms while some people show combined symptoms.
Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis:
The following symptoms are seen in people with Chronic Bronchitis:
Sometimes, these symptoms will be neglected by many people treating them as symptoms of cold weather, or attributing these symptoms to the presence of too much smoke or fumes around them. But it is always good to consult a doctor if the symptoms persist for a long time.
Physiotherapy and Chronic Bronchitis:
The main goal of your physiotherapy involves exercises that improve tolerance, education, mucus clearance, increase lung volume, reduce exacerbations, and reduce hospitalization.
Exercises that improve tolerance:
Upper and lower limb tolerance training have shown tremendous results in preventing, controlling and managing Chronic Bronchitis. This training helps in airway clearance, reduces airflow obstruction, mucus removal, and increased energy levels.
Usage of different postures for moving the mucus through the throat and removing it through the mouth. There are different postures used for different patients. It is basically done by placing the affected part at a lower height and the unaffected part comparatively higher.
This technique will help in proper and normal airflow through the bronchi. There will not be any blockage of the airway. Retention of carbon dioxide in the lungs will be reduced, the mucus will be removed and airflow through the airways will improve with this technique.
This technique is used by the physiotherapist along with the postural drainage technique. This is also a technique used for clearing the mucus that got stuck in the airways. Many patients find this technique really useful in mucus removal. In Percussion, the physiotherapist claps on the chest of the patient or on the back of the patients. It depends on how the patient prefers. This gives a relaxing and soothing effect on the patients and helps them release out mucus that got stuck in the airways.
Finally, educating the patients about their causes and physiotherapy treatments can help them recover faster.