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Bronchoscopy - All You Should Know About It!

Dr. Rakesh Chawla 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Respiratory Medicine , Trained In Treating Sleep Disorder , Trained In Interventinal Bronchoscopy , Trained In Medical Thoracoscopy , Trained In Rigid Bronchoscopy
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Bronchoscopy - All You Should Know About It!

Bronchoscopy is a test performed by doctors to examine the lungs and airways. It is a medical procedure used for the treatment of lung problems like tumors, infections, excess of mucus, bleeding, or blockage.

In this endoscopic procedure, a thread like instrument called a Bronchoscope is inserted into the airways through mouth or nose to detect the abnormalities of the lungs. The Bronchoscope used in this procedure is made of optical fiber. It may be flexible or rigid.

Types of Bronchoscopy

There are two types of Bronchoscopy:

Flexible Bronchoscopy: The Flexible Bronchoscopy is much more common than Rigid Bronchoscopy. In this procedure, a long thin wire with light is inserted into Lungs. The flexibility of the instrument makes it easier to reach more points than Rigid Bronchoscope.

Rigid Bronchoscopy: The Rigid Bronchoscopy is a procedure in which a hollow, straight, metal tube is used to treat bleeding, removing foreign materials, etc.

Why Is Bronchoscopy Recommended

There are several medical reasons for which doctors recommend Bronchoscopy. Some of the them are:

● Tumor or Infection
● Chronic Cough
Lung Cancer
Lung Disease
● Blockage in Airways
● Short Breath Rate
● Remove excess mucus, fluid, or foreign materials from airways

How Bronchoscopy is Performed

In this process, an instrument made with optical fiber, called Bronchoscope, is inserted into the Lungs and airways to determine the abnormalities.

The Bronchoscopy process includes the following steps:

● The first step is to give medicines that help patients relax.
● An anesthetic drug is sprayed into mouth and throat. If Bronchoscopy is performed through the nose, numbing jelly is given through the nostrils.
● After numbing the patients, gently insert the Bronchoscope with light and camera. It may initially cause a cough.
● Doctors send the Saline solution through the tube. The Saline solution helps to wash the lungs and collect samples of cells, mucus, fluids, and microbes for further testing. This process of Bronchoscopy is called lavage.
● In some cases, needles, tiny brushes, or forceps may also pass with the scope to collect lung tissues (Biopsy).
● A stent may also be placed in airway to view lungs in this procedure.
● Sometimes an Ultrasound is also performed by doctors to see the lymph nodes and tissues around the lungs. Ultrasound is also performed for imaging that helps the doctor to see the condition of airways.
● After the procedure, Bronchoscope is removed from the body.

Benefits After Bronchoscopy

Bronchoscopy is one of the most common tests in Pulmonology. It is a quick and painless process used by doctors to determine or treat many Lung problems. With the help of this process, doctors will come to know the exact problem of the patients. Based on the results of Bronchoscopy, doctors will advise taking medicine or other treatment. So, this process is very helpful to know the medication or treatment for particular Lung disease.

Bronchoscopy is one of the safest tests that may carry little complications or risks. These risks are temporary and can be cured in a few days. So, it is always beneficial to consult a doctor before and after the test.

2895 people found this helpful

I am getting cough from past 2 weeks. I consult doctor also but no use. Its come severely in dust, riding bike in cool air.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 91% (38624 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
You have dust allergy and need to avoid exposure by using a mask. Besides, you will have secondary infection and sputum culture and sputum afb test is to be done and then plan treatment.
1 person found this helpful
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Chronic cough and loss of appetite and weight are symptoms of which disease bronchitis or lung cancer.

Dr. Karuna Chawla 97% (74234 ratings)
Homeopath, Noida
Chronic cough and loss of appetite and weight are symptoms of which disease bronchitis or lung cancer.
You need to do certain tests to find out. Like cbc, x-ray chest and then mri or ct scan. If weight loss is there inspite of eating well n no other disease then you should not delay.
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7 Tips To Get Rid of Chronic Bronchitis!

Dr. R.K.Chopra 91% (154 ratings)
MD - Medicine, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Pune
7 Tips To Get Rid of Chronic Bronchitis!

Are you suffering from chronic large and small bronchi and are looking for ideal treatment measures? Bronchitis occurs when your windpipe or trachea and your large and small bronchitis within your lungs get inflamed because of infections and several other causes. The condition is considered to be chronic when your cough with mucus is persistent for at least three months. Chronic bronchitis is a condition that falls under the group of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Smoking, inhaled irritants, secondhand smoke, inhaled fumes, and certain viruses are primary causes of chronic bronchitis.

The symptoms and characteristics of chronic large and small bronchi are as follows:

  1. Phlegm may be produced. The production of excess phlegm indicates that your lung and the lower respiratory tract are infected.
  2. The cough experienced is present on almost all days of the month, for over a period of three months.
  3. The forceful coughing because of chronic bronchitis is painful, and makes your abdominal and chest muscles sore. The coughing is likely to be very severe, and may injure your chest walls or make you faint.
  4. During exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, wheezing may be experienced because of inflammation in the airways and muscular tightness. This, in turn, leads to shortness of breath.

The treatment of chronic bronchitis depends on the cause. There is no specific cure for the condition, and its treatment aims at improving your lung function and reducing the symptoms.

  1. Several medicines are used for managing the cough, and for loosening and clearing secretions. In the case of uncontrollable coughing spells, cough suppressants might be prescribed.
  2. Broncho dilator inhalers are used for opening the airways and for the management of wheezing.
  3. Certain nebulizer treatments are also recommended in some cases.
  4. Corticosteroids are used for reducing the inflammation in the airways. These may be used in the form of inhaled corticosteroids, or may be taken orally.
  5. In some cases, antibiotic medications may be required for the treatment of chronic bronchitis. Antibiotics are usually used when there is a bacterial infection, and in people with chronic lung problems, who require antibiotics to be treated.
  6. Home oxygen might be required in extremely serious cases of chronic bronchitis.
  7. In very rare cases, a patient may have to be hospitalized in case of severe breathing difficulty that does not respond to treatment. This is necessary in cases of complications in chronic bronchitis, and in patients who suffer from underlying heart problems.

It is recommended for you to consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of chronic large and small bronchi. This will ensure proper diagnosis and an early start to your treatment, which will prevent worsening of the condition.

2070 people found this helpful

I am suffering from severe chronic cough which leads to inhaling problem while coughing continuous cough for five minute. Aftr that I became normal. Please suggest some ideas.

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 93% (36785 ratings)
MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
rule out cough varient asthma by PFT , xray chest and cbc esr Total IgE
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Chronic Bronchitis - Precautions To Be Taken And Treatment!

Dr. Chandra Mohan 90% (62 ratings)
Pulmonologist, Hyderabad
Chronic Bronchitis - Precautions To Be Taken And Treatment!

The bronchial tubes (also termed as bronchi) present in the lungs play an important role in carrying the air inside and out of the lungs. In Bronchitis, the lining of this bronchial tubes gets inflamed. Chronic Bronchitis, as the name suggests is a more severe condition whereby the bronchi lining suffers a constant inflammation and irritation. In most cases, the condition is found to affect people who are into heavy smoking.

Chronic Bronchitis triggers a myriad of complications including shortness of breath, cough (often associated with the production of a large amount of mucus), tiredness and mild fever. Affect people who are smokers. Heavily and regularly exposed to pollutants like dust, asbestos, fodder, vehicle pollutants(traffic police). Early diagnosis and treatment can help in preventing many serious complications including Pneumonia. In this article, we will highlight the effective treatments and medications along with the precautions in the case of chronic bronchitis.

Treatment and Medications in the case of Chronic Bronchitis
The severity of the condition often decides the course of the treatment.

  1. Since most people with chronic bronchitis complain of breathing problems (shortness of breath) indicative of inadequate oxygen supply, the doctor may suggest an oxygen therapy. In this therapy, oxygen gas is made available to the body to deal with the breathing problem and also to enrich the lungs with sufficient amounts of oxygen to ensure proper functioning of the body. For this oxygen therapy, tubes are fitted either in the nose or placed right in the trachea. In some cases, a face mask may also be used to deliver the oxygen inside the body.
  2. In the case of chronic bronchitis resulting in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD (obstructive lung problem that makes breathing difficult), the mucus tends to block and obstruct the airways. Thus, the use of bronchodilators may be helpful. The bronchodilators play an instrumental role in clearing the airway of this obstruction thereby improving the breathing.
  3. Medications such as cough suppressant may also be prescribed to provide relief from a cough.

Precautions and Self-management:
For a speedy recovery, a person should take the necessary precautions. There are certain Do's and Dont's that one should take care of in the case of chronic bronchitis.

  1. For people with chronic bronchitis, smoking is more like a poison. Refrain from smoking during the entire course of the treatment.
  2. Keep away from things (such as paints, pollutants, or any cleaning products with a strong odor and fumes) that can irritate your lungs. The use of a mask (whether at home or outside) is advisable.
  3. Many people with chronic bronchitis have had significant improvement by practicing yoga.
  4. It is also important that you keep the body well hydrated. Make sure to drink water at regular intervals.
  5. Ensure you have a proper rest and sound sleep.
  6. Take care of your diet. Avoid refined sugar, salty and spicy foods, foods that contain high dairy fats (ice-creams, cheese cakes, whole milk, and any foods that contain high-fat cheese).
3 people found this helpful

Bronchitis - 4 Ayurvedic Treatment Options For It!

Dr. Ruchi Gulati 90% (314 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurvedic Doctor, Noida
Bronchitis - 4 Ayurvedic Treatment Options For It!

Bronchitis is also called kasaroga in the Ayurveda treatment. 

Cause of Bronchitis

  1. Impaired digestion: Ayurveda after various studies have considered the cause of bronchitis primarily to be due to impaired digestion. As a result, the physicians tell people and prescribe the drugs that possess the ability to correct the stomach and the lungs. The processes of digestive impairment and the various remedies are therefore selected in a way for the cure that will in a way restore the digestive balance in the human body.
  2. Tuberculosis Tuberculosis can also be considered as a reason towards the cause of bronchitis in human beings.
  3. Other reasons: Bronchitis in the human body are usually caused allergies in the airborne like a smoking cigarette and chronic cough accompanied by environmental pollution.

When the phlegm is expelled becomes viscid and viscid phlegm has the tendency to stick to the bronchi causing a difficulty in breathing and causes the lungs to starve out of the air. In very serious cases of bronchitis, there will be a constant cough, the rise in temperature, abdominal painnasal congestion, loss of appetiteand hoarse voice and leads to the manifestation of tuberculosis in the chronic form. If the disease gets serious, it can lead to bronchial asthma.

Ayurveda treatment

  1. Turmeric Powder and MilkThe easy and simple form the treating bronchitis is the applying a teaspoonful of the turmeric powder along with a glass of milk two times or three times a day. It works best if taken on an empty stomach in the early morning.
  2. Homemade Powder: The powder is made of quantities of dried black pepperginger, and long pepper which is mixed along with honey that is applied three times of the day.
  3. Liquorice root: As a home remedy, grinding liquorice root to powder is a good way, add a cup of water and half spoon of powder to water and then heat it for a good 15 minutes. After the remedy, it prepared to drink it twice in a day and filters the drink.
  4. Ayurveda Medicines: There are some standard medicines prescribed by the Ayurveda for treating bronchitis which includes juice of vasa, rasa sindur, honey, pravalapisthi, kaphachintamani, sitopaladichurna, etc. In the case of a very congested throat along with bronchitis consumption of khadiradivati provides a sense of relief due to the catechu present in the medicine that helps to recover.

The Best Herb for Bronchitis
The herb vasa are the best solution to cure a cough and bronchitis, especially in the chronic conditions. Some Measures to be taken to prevent bronchitis

  1. Care should also be taken to avoid cold water situations,
  2. Eating of curds and sour foods should be restricted, and avoided
  3. Fruits like bananas and guava are harmful to the human body in this disease.

Ayurveda treatment provides quick relief from the pain and is economical at the same time.

4835 people found this helpful

Acute Bronchitis - How Homeopathy Can Help Treat It In Kids?

Homeopathy Doctor, Kolkata
Acute Bronchitis - How Homeopathy Can Help Treat It In Kids?

Bronchitis occurs when the bronchial tubes become swollen due to an ailment or any kind of infection. These tubes are a part of the respiratory system and usually join the lungs. There are two types of bronchitis - acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. A virus or bacterium usually causes acute bronchitis. It shows up after a person has had a respiratory disease. The most common symptoms of this disease usually show up when a child has flu or cold. A blazing throat, a feeling of being sick and mucus draining from the sinuses usually describe the disease.

Homeopathy is a very effective treatment for bronchitis. In fact, it is the most effective treatment. Homeopathy has been successful in treating some exceptionally extreme cases of bronchitis. It functions admirably in both acute and chronic bronchitis. Here are a few treatments for acute bronchitis for kids that have proven to be beneficial over time:

  1. Hepar Sulph is one of the best homeopathic medicines for bronchitis where a person experiences increased sensitivity to cold. Chilly air and exposure to the cold in any form is impossible to be tolerated by the patient. It energizes cough quickly. Hepar Sulph cures situations where even if a single part of the body is exposed to the cold like a hand or a foot, cough begins immediately.

  2. Bryonia, on the other hand, is helpful in situations where a person feels extremely thirsty, yet may only have a few sips at a time. The mucous layers and the mouth become extremely dry. Even the cough is very dry in such cases. There is a pain in the abdomen and headache while coughing.

  3. Pulsatilla is great in situations where the patient coughs up a lot of greenish or yellowish mucous. Cough is more irritable while resting and the person cannot rest or sleep because of the same. The patient is usually not at all thirsty in this situation.

  4. Arsenic Album is one of the best homeopathic medicines for symptoms that include a feeling of weakness along with other signs of bronchitis. Extreme wheezing and cough increase after nighttime and makes it difficult for the person to sleep. Along with extreme weakness, restlessness may also occur. The patient feels parched and frequently drinks little quantities of water.

  5. Antim Tart is useful when there is a lot of mucous in the abdomen and chest. Despite the fact that there is a lot of mucous in the abdomen, little is disposed off. Cough in this situation is aggravated while a person eats. However, Antim Tart tends to find relief from the same. Patients usually find it very hard to bring out the mucous in this situation.
3508 people found this helpful

Bronchitis - How To Get Rid Of It?

MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, FNB-Critical Care, Europeon Diploma In Adult Respiratory Medicine, Europeon Diploma In Intensive Care, Fellow
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Bronchitis - How To Get Rid Of It?

The inflammations of the lining in the bronchial tubes, which are responsible for carrying air from and to your lungs are known as bronchitis. It is a respiratory disease and more than a million cases are reported each year. Bronchitis requires medical diagnosis by your healthcare provider and can be chronic or acute. Cold or other respiratory infections can cause acute bronchitis whereas smoking leads to chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis usually lasts for few days but with persistent cough. Whereas, chronic bronchitis can be responsible for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Symptoms of bronchitis:
The symptoms common to both acute and chronic bronchitis are given below:

  1. Cough which may form mucus
  2. Body aches and breathlessness
  3. Headaches, blocked nose and sinuses
  4. Fever with chills
  5. Wheezing

The diagnosis of bronchitis is done by your doctor who will ask you about your cough. Some other questions may include your medical history, about smoking or whether you have had cases of flu or cold recently.

Treatment for bronchitis:
Your doctor will mainly recommend pain relievers and cough syrup along with warm air to breathe mainly at indoors. However your doctor may prescribe the following medications in cases of severe bronchitis:

  1. Cough medicine: These medicines will help to remove mucus and irritants from your lungs. Medicines may not be able to suppress the symptoms completely but will give you relief from pain.
  2. Bronchodilators: Which clears out the mucus by opening your bronchial tubes.
  3. Mucolytics: These helps loosen mucus in the airways and help to cough up sputum.
  4. Oxygen therapy: It will help to improve the oxygen intake when you face difficulty in breathing.
  5. Therapy: Pulmonary program will include a therapist who would work to improve your breathing.
  6. Medicines: Using anti inflammatory medicines to reduce damage to your lungs tissue and to also avoid chronic inflammation.

Prevention of bronchitis:

Acute and chronic bronchitis can be reduced by the following measures; however, they cannot be completely prevented:

  1. Avoiding dust, smoke, and air pollution. You can always wear a mask when you are on the road or in traffic.
  2. Washing your hands often to avoid germs and infections.
  3. Avoiding smoking as it can cause harmful damage to your lungs.
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