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Breast Infection Health Feed

Breast Cancer Dimpling - What Causes It?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Post Graduate Diploma in Sonography (Obstetric- Gynae), Fellowship In Assisted Reproductive Technology
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Breast Cancer Dimpling - What Causes It?

When the skin of a breast looks uneven, it is known as a dimpled skin. Sometimes the skin might appear to be red or inflamed. In this condition, the breast tissue gets affected and this can be a serious sign of concern for cancer. Moreover, this sign is hard to detect on your own. Usually, when the sign occurs, it only occurs in one of the breasts. If a woman has it in both the breasts, then likely that it has not been caused by cancer.

Causes of breast cancer dimpling are as follows

1. Advanced breast cancer
2. Breast abscess: A hollow space in the breast that is filled with pus and is at times surrounded by inflamed tissue.
3. Duct obstruction: The ducts that carry the milk from the nipple are obstructed causing rapid abnormal growth and functioning of the cells present in the breasts causing cancer.
4. Fat necrosis: In this condition, the neutral fats are split into glycerol and fatty acids because the adipose tissue tends to degenerate.
5. Inflammation: Inflammation in the fatty tissue of the breast
6. Mastitis: The breast tissue tends to swell up and get infected. This happens because of the bacteria that enter the breasts through the nipple and this may cause infection in the milk glands.
7. Genetic: Carrying the faulty gene is one of the main reasons why many women end up literally inheriting breast cancer. This can usually be tested with mammography, especially if one has a history of breast cancer in the family. Yet, one must remember that it is not advisable to take this test too many times as it puts you at risk of contracting breast cancer even if you do not have it, when there is repeated exposure.

First, the doctor might perform certain tests to diagnose and determine the problem. Tests like an ultrasound, MRI or even a mammogram might be used. Depending on what the diagnoses is, the doctor might even want to perform a biopsy. In case breast cancer is diagnosed, there are certain treatments that are available. These include:

  1. Surgery: The cancerous tissue is removed from the breast or at times when the tissue is too big, the entire breast might have to be removed.
  2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a medication that uses a method to send fluids that tend to kill the cancerous cells or prevent them from growing. It is a three to a four-hour-long session at times.
  3. Radiation: High beam x-rays are used in order to target and destroy the cancer cells present in the breasts.
  4. Hormonal therapy: In this treatment, the hormones that fuel the growth of cancerous cells are blocked either through medications or surgically.
1394 people found this helpful

Regular Breast Checkups - How Vital Is It?

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Fellow In laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Kolhapur
Regular Breast Checkups - How Vital Is It?
Breastfeeding lowers your risk of breast cancer. True or false? Take this quiz to find out!
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239people took this quiz

Breast Check-Up - Know The Need Of It!

DGO, MBBS, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine (Germany)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Breast Check-Up - Know The Need Of It!
Breast cancer occurs only in women. True or false? Take the quiz to find out.
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45people took this quiz

What Is An Abnormal Nipple Discharge?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
What Is An Abnormal Nipple Discharge?

Nipple discharge is a common part of breast functioning, which normally occurs during breast-feeding or pregnancy. It is often associated with the changes of menstrual hormone. The milky discharge post breast-feeding usually continues for up to two years after stopping nursing. The condition normally gets resolved on its own but if the situation persists for a long time resort to medical assistance.

The following are some of the causes of normal nipple discharge:

  • Stimulation: Normal nipple discharge can arise due to stimulation; chafing of your breast skin due to tight bras or vigorous exercises.
  • Pregnancy: Most women tend to witness clear nipple discharge in the early stages of their pregnancy. Towards the later stages, this discharge usually turns watery and becomes milky in color
  • Stopped Breast-feeding: In some cases, nipple discharge continues for some time after the mother has stopped breast-feeding her newborn
  • Hormonal Imbalance: Some women notice tenderness in breasts and nipple discharge during their menstrual cycle

What is an abnormal nipple discharge: An abnormal nipple discharge is usually bloody in color and is accompanied with tenderness of the breast. Papilloma is a non-cancerous tumor that is often responsible for bloody nipple discharge. Continuous nipple discharge from one of the breasts or nipple discharge that arises without any stimulation or external irritation is abnormal in nature.

The possible causes of abnormal nipple discharge include:

  1. Abscess: It is an assortment of pus that get accumulated within the tissues of your body. It is usually accompanied by redness, pain and swelling. Boils and carbuncles are types of abscess. Formation of abscess in breasts may result in nipple discharge.
  2. Breast cancer: Breast cancer often results in bloody nipple discharge and is often found with a presence of lump in one of the breasts.
  3. Mastitis: It is a breast infection that affects the tissues of the breast and is usually prominent during breastfeeding. Fatigue, fever and body aches are common in this situation.
  4. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS): Normally characterized by the growth of cancerous cells in the milk ducts of your breasts, it is generally identified through mammography screening.
  5. Fibroadenoma: In this situation most young women witness an appearance of solid, tumor like structure
  6. Galactorrhea: Galactorrhea is nipple discharge of milk when not pregnant or breastfeeding. The discharge can vary in color and can be expressed from either or both breasts.

What Causes Galactorrhea: Galactorrhea is commonly caused by hyperprolactinemia, especially when it is associated with amenorrhea. Hyperprolactinemia is most often induced by medication or associated with pituitary adenomas or other sellar or suprasellar lesions.

The release of prolactin from the pituitary is held in check by dopamine from the hypothalamus. Prolactin release is encouraged by serotonin and thyrotropin-releasing hormone. This balance can be disrupted by medication (ie. antipsychotics), underactive thyroid function, pituitary tumors, hypothalamic tumors, damage to the pituitary stalk, nipple stimulation, chest trauma, herpes zoster, and emotional stress as well as a variety of other factors.

5188 people found this helpful

I'm 27 years old. After my baby stopped breast feeding after a month there was milk clotting in my breast appeared. I consulted to doctor and it was found mastitis. Then doctor advised to take tablet cabergoline 0.5 mg twice a week, tablet novex ormiloxifene twice a week, and capsule meganeuron 100 mg & 1.5 mg & 750 mcg. Kindly tell me the use of each medicine ,is it helpful to me at mastitis stage or not?

Dr.Sujata Sinha 94% (2234ratings)
M.B.B.S, Post Graduate Diploma In Maternal & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
I'm 27 years old. After my baby stopped breast feeding after a month there was milk clotting in my breast appeared. I...
Cabergoline is to stop milk production and novex is a contraceptive. It is not given for mastitis. There may be some more indication or you may have asked for contraceptive advice. If the pain has subsided and there is no symptom of mastitis, then the treatment is on the right track.
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Common Feeding Problems Faced By Mothers!

Dr.Sushma Narayan (Aiims) 96% (319ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), Pediatric Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Delhi
Common Feeding Problems Faced By Mothers!

Spitting up, refusing to try new foods and occasionally turning up their noses at feeding times, is normal but consistently refusing food and water, vomiting and allergies may indicate an underlying medical condition that requires attention. Common feeding problems that affect infants include sucking, prolonged chewing without swallowing, holding food in their mouth and grabbing food. Infants who are unable to close their mouths in order to keep food inside may also be said to be suffering from feeding problems.

Feeding problems could be triggered by medical conditions like a cleft palate, premature birth, respiratory problems, low birth weight etc. or by non-medical reasons such as the child’s feeling of being unloved or stressed. Symptoms of feeding problems vary from infant to infant.

However, some of the common symptoms exhibited are:

  • Problems with chewing

  • Excessive drooling

  • Refusing to eat foods or drink liquids

  • Long feeding times

  • Coughing or gagging while feeding

  • Difficulty with breast or bottle feeding

  • Nasal stuffiness while eating

  • Poor weight gain

  • Recurring respiratory infections

  • Vomiting or excessive spitting up of food

  • Arching the back while feeding

  • Disinterest in feeding

Though feeding problems are minor in most cases, it is important to consult a doctor if this behaviour continues over a period of time. This is because the child may be suffering from an underlying medical condition or could be at an increased risk of suffering from dehydration, aspiration and lung problems. It could also lead to delayed physical and mental development, speech problems and cognitive issues.

Feeding problems are addressed in many different ways. The first step to dealing with feeding problems is to change the texture and temperature of food being given to the baby. In addition, try changing the posture of the baby while feeding.

In some cases, mouth exercises may be needed to strengthen the mouth muscles. Chewing exercises and tongue movement may also help reduce feeding problems.

Encourage your infant to try different types of food by including different textures in their daily meals. Alternating food textures and liquids can make it easier for the infant to swallow the food. Do not force your child to eat in a hurry but let him or her take their own time.

In cases where the infant is not gaining weight, the doctor may suggest nutritional changes and a specific diet to help gain weight. In emergency cases, hospitalisation may also be required and your baby may be given a feeding tube to ensure he or she receives adequate nutrition.

2730 people found this helpful

For past a week, I found some white patches on both the breast. I'm very much worried. What could be the reason for this?

Dr.Narasimhalu C.R.V.(Professor) 93% (62816ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
For past a week, I found some white patches on both the breast. I'm very much worried. What could be the reason for t...
You are suffering from pityriasis versicolor. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
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