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Brain Tumor Tips

Know More About Brain Tumor

MCh - Neurosurgery, MS-General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
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Symptoms and types of Brain tumor

Amnesia - How It Is Related With Brain Surgery?

Dr. Sukalyan Purkayastha 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Radiology, DNB (Radiology), DM (Diagnostic & Interventional Neuroradiology), CCST (UK)
Neurosurgeon, Kolkata
Amnesia - How It Is Related With Brain Surgery?

Often it has been observed in patients undergoing a brain surgery that their memory gets affected. The memory can sometimes be affected either by the tumor growing inside the brain or by the surgery for the removal of that tumor. Rather than the long-term memory, in the majority of the brain surgery cases, it is the short term memory that gets affected more noticeably. Further, sometimes, people have difficulties in making new memories after the brain surgery along with retrieving the old ones. Continue reading to know more about brain surgery and amnesia.

How is brain surgery connected to amnesia?
The presence of a tumor in the brain can affect one's memory in two different ways. Though not everyone suffers from it, there is a possibility that the treatment or the surgery often leads to memory difficulties and sometimes it's the location of the tumor in the brain that causes the memory damage. Sometimes, even radiations or chemotherapy sessions can also be responsible for amnesia. One must know that having a brain tumor or opting for a brain surgery doesn’t necessarily cause memory loss or amnesia for everyone. And those patients who do suffer from this, both the severity and symptoms of the memory loss vary from one to another.

Probable memory difficulties
Memory difficulties, also commonly referred to as amnesia, can be two different types, retrograde amnesia, and anterograde amnesia, irrespective of whether it is the result of the treatment or the location of the tumor. In case of retrograde amnesia, the memory loss occurs before undergoing a brain surgery, or sometimes even before developing the brain tumor. However, those who suffer from anterograde amnesia face difficulties in remembering their previous memories after the brain surgery is performed.

Coping with amnesia
Once the type of memory loss one is suffering from is identified, there are various ways and strategies to cope with amnesia, suggested by the doctors. Taking good care of one’s self, having the necessary amount of sleep along with a healthy diet helps one improve his or her capacity of recalling the forgotten memories in many cases.

Further, by adopting simple measures like maintaining a diary, following a routine and organizing one's medications with reminder notes can also help an amnesia patient in coping with the normal life situations. Minimizing the distractions and focusing on a single thing at a time can also be helpful in not only coping with it but also in improving the memory.

In case one displays signs of having a memory problem after a brain surgery, he or she should be immediately taken to a clinical psychologist or a neuropsychologist. Because it is with the help of this medical professional that severity of the amnesia that the person is suffering from and which part of memory has been affected can be determined, and the right ways of coping with the issue can be suggested.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2835 people found this helpful

Brain Cancer - What can Trigger It?

Dr. Savitr Sastri 89% (75 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Hyderabad
Brain Cancer - What can Trigger It?

Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Prologue:

  1. Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant.

  2. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.

  3. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.

Symptoms:

There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop.

Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include:

  1. Headaches.

  2. Seizures.

  3. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change.

  4. Difficulty walking or clumsiness.

  5. Vision changes.

  6. Changes in alertness.

  7. Behavioural impairment.

Causes:

Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain.

What are the risk factors for brain cancer?

  1. Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome

  2. Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer

  3. Impaired immune system

  4. Radiation therapy of the head

Treatments Options:

Treatment

Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3004 people found this helpful

Brain Tumors: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Dr. Deva Kumar Borgohain 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Brain Tumors: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

A tumor is an uncontrolled and abnormal growth of cells. A brain tumor is thus an abnormal growth and multiplication of cells in the brain. The cell growth can also be in areas adjacent to the brain. The brain tumor may

  1. Have its origin in the brain (Primary brain tumor), or
  2. Its origin may be in some other parts or organs of the body, which gradually spreads to the brain (Secondary/metastatic brain tumor).

Not all brain tumors are harmful and life threatening.

Brain tumors that exist as noncancerous cell growths are known as Benign brain tumors. Benign brain tumors seldom pose any threat to life.

Brain tumors that are cancerous and, thus, harmful, are known as Malignant brain tumors.

Do not neglect any brain tumors (malignant or not). It is better to be safe than to be sorry.

Types of Primary brain tumors:

Based on its cell of origin, primary brain tumors (benign as well as malignant) may be of the following types:

  1. Meningiomas: Brain tumors that originate from the meninges (the membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord). Meningiomas are seldom malignant.
  2. Acoustic Neuromas: A noncancerous cell growth that has its origin in the vestibulocochlear nerve (the eighth cranial nerve). This nerve connects the brain with the inner ear.
  3. Gliomas: Here, the tumor has its origin in the brain and the spinal cord (glial cells). This type of brain tumors, in most cases (~80%), are malignant.
  4. Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors (PNETs): Extremely rare, PNETs are malignant tumors that develop in the embryonic cells in the brain.
  5. Medulloblastomas: Medulloblastomas is a malignant brain tumor that mostly affects children. It originates in the cerebellum (lower part of the brain).
  6. Craniopharyngiomas: A benign brain tumor that has its origin near the pituitary gland (base of the brain). Craniopharyngiomas are common in children.

Probability of a secondary brain tumor are more in people who have had;

  1. Kidney cancer
  2. Breast cancer
  3. Lung cancer
  4. Colon cancer
  5. Melanoma

Symptoms:

The symptoms of brain tumor include:

  1. Chronic and regular headaches.
  2. A change in the headache pattern.
  3. Seizures.
  4. A person may experience vision problems (Peripheral vision may be affected, double or blurred vision).
  5. There may be difficulty in hearing.
  6. Nausea and vomiting.
  7. Behavioral and speech problems.
  8. An arm or a leg may lose sensation.
  9. A person has difficulty with balance.

Diagnosis and Treatment:
Though brain tumor can affect anyone and everyone, its chances are higher in

  1. People who are more exposed to ionizing radiation. People having undergone a radiation therapy are equally vulnerable.
  2. Children as well as older people.
  3. People having a family history of brain tumors.

The diagnosis includes;

  1. An imaging test like the MRI, CT scan and PET (Positron Emission Tomography).
  2. Biopsy, whereby samples of the abnormal tissue is collected and examined.
  3. Neurological examination.

Treatment:

  1. Surgery is an effective treatment for brain tumors.

One can also opt for:

  1. Radiations, whereby the abnormal tumor cells are destroyed using protons and x-rays (high-energy beams).
  2. Chemotherapy: In this treatment, the tumor cells are destroyed using strong drugs (taken orally or intravenously).
  3. Radiosurgery.
  4. Targeted drug therapy: This treatment blocks the abnormalities that are characteristically present only in the cancer cells.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1886 people found this helpful

Brain Metastases - How Stereotactic Radiosurgery Can Help?

Dr. Debnarayan Dutta 90% (10 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Oncologist, Ernakulam
Brain Metastases - How Stereotactic Radiosurgery Can Help?

In many patients with brain metastases, the primary therapeutic aim is symptom palliation and maintenance of neurologic function, but in a subgroup, long-term survival is possible. Local control in the brain, and absent or controlled extracranial sites of disease are prerequisites for favorable survival. 

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a focal, highly precise treatment option with a long track record. Its clinical development and implementation by several pioneering institutions eventually rendered possible cooperative group randomized trials. A systematic review of those studies and other landmark studies was undertaken.

Most clinicians are aware of the potential benefits of SRS such as a short treatment time, a high probability of treated-lesion control and, when adhering to typical dose/volume recommendations, a low normal tissue complication probability.

However, SRS as sole first-line treatment carries a risk of failure in non-treated brain regions, which has resulted in controversy around when to add whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). SRS might also be prescribed as salvage treatment in patients relapsing despite previous SRS and/or WBRT. An optimal balance between intracranial control and side effects requires continued research efforts. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3611 people found this helpful

Brain Cancer - What To Know About It?

Dr. Rajyaguru Hardik 93% (144 ratings)
DNB(Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Durgapur
Brain Cancer - What To Know About It?

Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Prologue:

  1. Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant.
  2. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.
  3. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.

Symptoms:

There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop.

Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include:

  1. Headaches.
  2. Seizures.
  3. Nausea and Vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change.
  4. Difficulty walking or clumsiness.
  5. Vision changes.
  6. Changes in alertness.
  7. Behavioural impairment.

Causes:

Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain.

What are the risk factors for brain cancer?

  1. Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome
  2. Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer
  3. Impaired immune system
  4. Radiation therapy of the head

Treatments Options:

Treatment

Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1932 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor Ke Lakshan in Hindi - ब्रेन ट्यूमर के लक्षण

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Brain Tumor Ke Lakshan in Hindi - ब्रेन ट्यूमर के लक्षण

ब्रेन ट्यूमर दिमाग में असामान्य कोशिकाओं का कैंसर के रूप में या बिना कैंसर के जमा हो जाना या विकसित होने को कहा जाता है. इसका विकास मानव मस्तिष्क में हो सकता है. ये भी हो सकता है कि ये मस्तिष्क में फैलकर शरीर के किसी अन्य हिस्‍से में दिमाग के कैंसर केरूप में फ़ैल जाए. इंटराक्रेनियनल प्रेशर (आईआईसीपी) के लगातार बढ़ने से मस्तिष्क पर दबाव की मात्रा काफी बढ़ जाती है और इससे अत्यधिक तरल पैदा होता है, मस्तिष्क में सूजन आती है या एक गांठ बन जाती है, जो ब्रेन ट्यूमर का कारण हो सकता है. इसके लक्षणों में नए या तेजी से बढ़ते सिर दर्द, दृष्टि धुंधली होना, संतुलन खोना, भ्रम, और दौरे आदि शामिल हैं. हालांकि कुछ मामलों में, कोई लक्षण दिखाई नहीं भी पड़ सकता है.

ब्रेन त्य्मर के लक्षण

सिरदर्द, सामान्य तौर पर एक व्यक्ति में ब्रेन ट्यूमर के शुरुआती लक्षण हो सकते हैं. अन्य लक्षणों में दौरा पड़ना, नजर या सुनने की क्षमता पर असर, चक्कर आना, मिचली और उलटी आना, हाथों और टांगों में कमजोरी के फिट्स आना या संज्ञानात्मक का स्तर कम होना आदि अन्य संबंधित लक्षण हैं. इसके आलावा काफी हल्का, एचिंग या मंद-मंद महसूस होना. समय बीतने के साथ सिरदर्द बार-बार होने लगता है और इसकी गंभीरता भी बढ़ जाती है और आगे चलकर ये लगातार बना रहने वाला दर्द बन जाता है, जिससे आसानी से राहत नहीं मिलती है.

ब्रेन ट्यूमर की पहचान

1. सिरदर्द
जब भी किसी व्यक्ति को काफी दिनों से सदर्द की समस्या हो तो इसका चेकअप करा लेना चाहिए. ताकि इसके जोखिम से बचा जा सके. इस दौरान गंभीर रूप से और लगातार सिरदर्द रह सकता है.
2. मांसपेशी संबंधी
ब्रेन ट्यूमर की पहचान किसी व्यक्ति में मांसपेशी से सम्बंधित समस्याओं में भी हो सकती है. जैसे आपको इस दौरान चलने में परेशानी, तालमेल में समस्या, मांसपेशियों में कमज़ोरी, शरीर के एक तरफ़ कमज़ोरी, या हाथों और पैरों की कमज़ोरी आदि परेशानियाँ हो सकती हैं.
3. पूरे शरीर में
यदि आपको किसी व्यक्ति में बहुत ऊंचाई से नीचे देखने पर आने वाला चक्कर (वर्टिगो), चक्कर आना, थकान, या संतुलन न कर पाने जैसा लक्षण नजर आये तो समझ जाइए कि ये ब्रेन ट्यूमर का एक लक्षण हो सकता है.
4. पेट और आंत संबंधी
कई लोगों में उल्टी या मतली जैसी समस्या भी ब्रेन ट्यूमर के शुरवाती संकेत हो सकती है. इसलिए ऐसे लक्षणों के नजर आते ही आपको तुरंत अपना चेकप कराना चाहिए.
5. महसूस करने से संबंधित
ब्रेन ट्यूमर की एक पहचान ये भी है कि इस दौरान व्यक्ति चुभन महसूस करने लगता है या फिर स्पर्श कम महसूस होने की शिकायत हो सकती है.
6. बुद्धि संबंधी
जब आपको ऐसा लगे कि आपको ठीक से बोलने और समझने में परेशानी हो रही है या मानसिक भ्रम जैसी स्थिति उत्पन्न हो रही है तो ये भी ब्रेन ट्यूमर का एक लक्षण माना जा सकता है.
7. आवाज
ब्रेन ट्यूमर के मरीजों में बोलते समय आवाज़ सही न निकलने या बोलने में कठिनाई होने जैसी पहचान भी देखी जाती है. ऐसे लक्षणों के नजर आने पर आपको चिकित्सकीय परामर्श लेना चाहिए.
8. यह होना भी आम है
कई लोगों में ब्रेन ट्यूमर के लक्षणों के रूप में दौरे पड़ना, धुंधला दिखना, नींद आना, या व्यक्तित्व में बदलाव आदि नजर आ सकते हैं. ऐसे में किसी भी तरह का लक्षण आपको नजर आए तो आपको तुरंत किसी चिकित्सक का परामर्श लेना चाहिए.
 

Brain Tumor - How To Safeguard Yourself?

Dr. Sumit Singh 89% (37 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Brain Tumor - How To Safeguard Yourself?

It is important to raise public awareness and educate people about brain tumour, a disease which, though is rare is but can be really deadly. More than 500 new cases are diagnosed with brain tumour every day worldwide. The number of patients with secondary tumours are even higher than 500. However, it is common across all ages.  A primary brain tumour is a tumour that begins in the brain. It can be either malignant, which means it contains cancer cells or benign i.e. does not contain cancer cells. A secondary or metastatic brain tumour is usually cancerous. It starts elsewhere in the body and sends cancerous cells which grow in the brain.

Here are a few facts that each one of us should know about this dangerous disease

  1. Brain tumours can occur at any age.
  2. We don’t know what causes brain tumors. Family history and high dose radiation like X-rays increases your risk.
  3. Doctors group brain tumors by grade which means the way the brain cells look under a microscope. A higher grade number means the cells appear more abnormal and the more aggressively the tumour usually behaves.
  4. Brain tumors are graded as grade I, grade II, or grade III, or grade IV.

Symptoms
The symptoms of brain tumour depend on the size, type, and location of the brain tumour. Some common symptoms which should not be ignored are-

  1. Headaches
  2. Seizures
  3. Problems with vision
  4. Vomiting
  5. Mental and personality changes
  6. Balance problems and trouble walking
  7. Problems in speaking

Diagnosis
Brain tumours are diagnosed by the doctor based on the medical history and physical examination along with a slew of specialized tests of the brain and nervous system.

Treatment

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Anti-seizure medicines
  5. Steroids
  6. Ventricular peritoneal shunt
  7. Combination of treatments

How can you safeguard yourself?
The primary tool to prevent brain tumours is by controlling your lifestyle. This means eating healthy, exercising, avoiding known carcinogens in your environment, and reducing stress.

  1. Sleep: Sleep is a friend for brain health. An adequate amount of rest with eyes shut keeps your brain health.
  2. Frankincense oil: Along with yoga, meditation, and breathing exercises to reduce stress, inhaling frankincense oil can help alleviate inflammation in the brain.
  3. Anti cancer diet: Consuming a diet rich in cancer-fighting nutrients like antioxidants is critical in preventing brain tumors.
  4. Ketogenic diet: A ketogenic diet is a high protein diet. It reduces oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain which is associated with brain tumours. It also shuts down the nutrient supply to tumors.
  5. Calorie restriction: Dietary restriction, especially fasting has anti-carcinogenic properties just as the ketogenic diet.
  6. Limit exposure to mobile phones: Cell phones use increases risk for brain tumours. So restriction prevents these tumours.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2740 people found this helpful

10 Signs You Might Be Suffering from Brain Tumor

MCh - Neurosurgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
10 Signs You Might Be Suffering from Brain Tumor

A Brain Tumour can be defined as an abnormal growth of the tissues in the brain, which can disrupt the proper brain functions. Generally, the cells in the human body die and are replaced by new cells, while in the case of a tumour, the old cells do not die and form an accumulation and continue to grow to form a mass as more and more cells are added to it.

Symptoms of Brain Tumour:

  1. Headache: Having headache on regular basis, without any history of having such frequent headaches in past, which becomes worse because of other pressure related activities, such as sneezing, coughing, exercising might be a possible symptom of brain tumour and issues related to such sudden and frequent headaches should be taken up with the doctor without any further delay.
  2. Seizures: Seizures (fits) are amongst the most common symptoms of brain tumour, which might be limited to a particular body part or the whole body. Seizures might even continue after the treatment of brain tumour because of the left scar tissues in the brain.
  3. Numbness in arms/legs: Numbness in any body part, especially arms and legs should also be get evaluated timely, so that, if the possible reason behind them is a brain tumour, then the same could be treated well on time.
  4. Balancing problems: Poor coordination and balancing problems also arise as the most prominent symptom for the brain tumour and hence such small changes must be evaluated and the person suffering should be taken to a doctor immediately to get treated without any delay.
  5. Memory problems: Lack of concentration, poor memory and short term memory loss are few of the possible symptoms that indicate the presence of tumour.
  6. Nausea or vomiting: Nausea or vomiting might be the symptoms of many other possible health issues, but a headache supported by nausea and/or vomiting is one of the many symptoms of a brain tumour and hence should not be ignored.
  7. Facial paralysis: The inability to keep the facial activities under control also indicates the presence of a possible brain tumour and the same should also be diagnosed as soon as one experiences it.
  8. Change in vision: A person suffering from a brain tumour might also experience changes in the vision, dizziness, blurry vision, among other sight-related issues.
  9. Change in speech: The inability to speak properly and changes in the speech of a person may also indicate a possible presence of a tumour.
  10. Hearing problems: Sudden occurrence of hearing problems and other hearing-related disorders might have a brain tumour as a possible reason.

Diagnosing a brain tumour may include one or more of many tests, including CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Angiogram and biopsy. One should never ignore the symptoms of a brain tumour and should get himself/herself checked since the brain tumours might result in permanent damages to the brain; hence such issues should never be ignored.

3882 people found this helpful

Risk Factors of Brain Tumor!

Dr. S. Balasubramaniam 90% (33 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Chennai
Risk Factors of Brain Tumor!

There is no trustworthy evidence regarding what causes brain tumors, but there are a few risk factors that have been substantiated through research. Children and young people who receive radiation around the head are susceptible to developing tumors in the brain once they grow up. Also, people with a certain kind of rare genetic condition like neurofibromatosis may develop a brain tumor though such cases are very few in number. Age is also an important factor as people aged over 65 years are diagnosed with brain tumors at quadruple times higher than children and younger people.

Types of Brain Tumours:

A primary brain tumor originates in the brain, and they may or may not be cancerous. Some tumors can be benign, which do not spread in the surrounding tissues and are not very malicious. However, that does not signify that they will not cause any harm over time. Sometimes these tumors can be severe and cause a threat to the life of the sufferer. The National Cancer Institute reports that approximately there were 23, 380 fresh cases of brain tumors in 2014.

Identifying the Symptoms of Brain Tumors:

The symptoms of the brain tumor are dependent on various factors such as the size, type as well as the exact location of the tumor. These symptoms are triggered when any tumor is pressed or clashed against a nerve or disturbs a part of the brain. Symptoms are also felt when any tumor particle blocks the fluid flowing around the brain or when there is a swelling in the brain owing to the build-up of fluid.

Common symptoms include: headaches that get worse in the morning, nausea along with vomiting, an alteration in the speech, hearing and imbalances in walking and movement, mood swings, change in personality and ability to concentrate or remember things and seizures or convulsions.

Treatment for Brain Tumor:

Surgery is normally the most usual treatment for brain tumors, and the patient is given anesthesia, and the scalp is shaved before the surgery. Then, craniotomy is performed to open the skull, and the surgeon removes a bone piece out of the skull. Then the tumor is removed as much as possible. The bone is then restored back, and the incision on the scalp is closed. Sometimes surgery is not viable in case the tumor has developed in the brain stem or some other complex parts.

Neurosurgeons can surgically remove some tumors completely (called resection or complete removal). If the tumor is near sensitive areas of the brain, neurosurgeons will only be able to remove part of it (called partial removal). Even partial removals can relieve symptoms and facilitate or increase the effectiveness of other treatments.

The role of surgery in treating brain tumors:

Surgery can provide:

  • The complete removal of some brain tumors
  • A sample to enable doctors to diagnosis the tumor and recommend the most appropriate treatment
  • Better quality of life:
    • Reduced symptoms and improved ability to function (e.g., to think, speak or see better)
    • Less pressure within the skull from the tumor
    • A longer life

In case you or any of your near ones is affected with brain tumor, you should visit the doctor to know the possible treatments other than surgery and other important questions related to brain tumor.

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