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Brain Tumor Tips

Brain Tumor - 10 Possible Warning Signs Your Body Is Giving You!

Dr. Arun Sharma 87% (35 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
Brain Tumor -  10 Possible Warning Signs Your Body Is Giving You!

A Brain Tumour can be defined as an abnormal growth of the tissues in the brain, which can disrupt the proper brain functions. Generally, the cells in the human body die and are replaced by new cells, while in the case of a tumour, the old cells do not die and form an accumulation and continues to grow to form a mass as more and more cells are added to it.

Symptoms of Brain Tumour:

  1. Headache: Having headache on regular basis, without any history of having such frequent headaches in past, which becomes worse because of other pressure related activities, such as sneezing, coughing, exercising might be a possible symptom of brain tumour and issues related to such sudden and frequent headaches should be taken up with the doctor without any further delay.
  2. Seizures: Seizures (fits) are amongst the most common symptoms of brain tumour, which might be limited to a particular body part or the whole body. Seizures might even continue after the treatment of brain tumour because of the left scar tissues in the brain.
  3. Numbness in arms/legs: Numbness in any body part, especially arms and legs should also be get evaluated timely, so that, if the possible reason behind them is a brain tumour, then the same could be treated well on time.
  4. Balancing problems: Poor coordination and balancing problems also arise as the most prominent symptom for the brain tumour and hence such small changes must be evaluated and the person suffering should be taken to a doctor immediately to get treated without any delay.
  5. Memory problems: Lack of concentration, poor memory and short term memory loss are few of the possible symptoms that indicate the presence of tumour.
  6. Nausea or vomiting: Nausea or vomiting might be the symptoms of many other possible health issues, but a headache supported by nausea and/or vomiting is one of the many symptoms of a brain tumour and hence should not be ignored.
  7. Facial paralysis: The inability to keep the facial activities under control also indicates the presence of a possible brain tumour and the same should also be diagnosed as soon as one experiences it.
  8. Change in vision: A person suffering from brain tumour might also experience changes in the vision, dizziness, blurry vision, among other sight related issues.
  9. Change in speech: The inability to speak properly and changes in the speech of a person may also indicate a possible presence of a tumour.
  10. Hearing problems: Sudden occurrence of hearing problems and other hearing related disorders might have the brain tumour as a possible reason.

Diagnosing a brain tumour may include one or more of many tests, including CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Angiogram and biopsy. One should never ignore the symptoms of the brain tumour and should get himself/herself checked since the brain tumours might result into permanent damages to the brain; hence such issues should never be ignored.

ब्रेन कैंसर के लक्षण - Symptoms Of Brain Cancer!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 89% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
ब्रेन कैंसर के लक्षण - Symptoms Of Brain Cancer!

शरीर के अलग-अलग अंगों में होने वाले कैंसर को उसके नाम से ही जानते हैं. इसलिए ब्रेन कैंसर का मतलब कैंसर के उस रूप से है जो मस्तिष्क (ब्रेन) से शुरू होता है. ब्रेन कैंसर मस्तिष्क की एक प्रकार की बीमारी है, जिसमें मस्तिष्क के ऊतकों में कैंसर कोशिकाएं पैदा होने लगती हैं. कैंसर की कोशिकाएं मस्तिष्क में ऊतकों के समूह या एक ट्यूमर के रूप में ऊभरती हैं, जो मस्तिष्क के कार्यों में बाधा उत्पन्न करती हैं. जैसे मांसपेशियों के नियंत्रण में परेशानी, सनसनी, यादाश्त और अन्य मस्तिष्क कार्यों को प्रभावित करना. कैंसर जो मस्तिष्क में शुरू होता है उसको प्राइमरी ब्रेन ट्यूमर कहा जाता है. यह ट्यूमर मस्तिष्क की संरचना से जुड़े किसी भी भाग में विकसित हो सकता है. जो कैंसर शरीर के किसी अन्य भाग से मस्तिष्क में फैलता है, उसे सेकंडरी ब्रेन ट्यूमर या ब्रेन मेटास्टेस कहा जाता है. ब्रेन कैंसर ट्यूमर मस्तिष्क पर अधिक दबाव डालता है, जिससे या तो वह ऊतक नष्ट होने लग जाते हैं या शरीर के अन्य भागों में समस्याएं उत्पन्न होने लगती हैं. ब्रेन कैंसर के लक्षणों के दिखाई पड़ने पर आपको तुरंत किसी विशेषज्ञ से दिखाना चाहिए. आइए ब्रेन कैंसर के लक्षणों को इस लेख के माध्यम से समझने का प्रयास करें.

ब्रेन कैंसर के लक्षण

किसी भी बिमारी को लक्षणों के आधार पर ही हम उसे पहचानते हैं. ठीक इसी तरह ब्रेन कैंसर होने पर भी हमें हमारे शरीर कुछ लक्षण दिखाई पड़ने लगते हैं. ये लक्षण ही ब्रेन कैंसर के होने का संकेत देते हैं. मेटास्टेटिक ब्रेन ट्यूमर के संकेत और लक्षण काफी सूक्ष्म हो सकते हैं, जिनका पता लगाने में परेशानी हो सकती है. ये ट्यूमर अक्सर किसी दूसरी स्थिति की जांच के दौरान दिखाई देते हैं. इसके लक्षण विकसित होने का कारण यह होता है कि ब्रेन का ट्यूमर या तो मस्तिष्क पर दबाव डाल रहा होता है या फिर उसके किसी हिस्से को ठीक से काम करने से रोक रहा होता है. इस दौरान मरीज क्या अनुभव कर रहा हैं? आम तौर पर यह इस बात पर निर्भर करता है कि ट्यूमर कहां पर है और आकार में कितना बड़ा है. इसके निम्नलिखित लक्षण संभावित हैं.

कभी-कभी मतली और उल्टी के साथ सिर दर्द

यह समस्या ट्यमर के कारण होती है जो आस-पास के ऊतकों को दबाकर खोपड़ी में दबाव बनाता है. आम तौर पर स्थिति सुबह के समय बद्तर होती है और दिन निकलने के साथ-साथ कम होती जाती है. पूरे शरीर में या आंशिक रूप से दौरे पड़ना, मांसपेशियों में ऐंठन, असामान्य गंध या स्वाद, बोलने में समस्या या सुन्नता और झुनझुनी अनुभव करना.

बोलने, समझने और देखते में समस्या

ब्रेन में ट्यूमर मस्तिष्क के उस भाग को प्रभावित कर सकता है, जो इन क्षमताओं को नियंत्रित करते हैं. शारीरिक कमजोरी और सुन्नता, यह तब होती है जब ट्यूमर मस्तिष्क के उन हिस्सों को प्रभावित करता है जो मांसपेशियों को नियंत्रित करते है. यदि ट्यूमर मस्तिष्क से मांसपेशियों तक जाने वाले सामान्य संकेतों के रास्ते में विकसित हो जाता है तो यह ब्रेन की कार्यगति में परेशानी पैदा करता है.

ब्रेन कैंसर में इसके अतिरिक्त कुछ अन्य लक्षण भी दिखाई पड़ सकते हैं: दौरे पड़ना, संवेदी (स्पर्श) और ब्रेन की कार्यगति (मूवमेंट कंट्रोल) में कमी, बहरापन, उनींदापन या उंघना, थकान, समन्वय में कमी, चेहरे पर कमजोरी का भाव, दोहरा दिखाई देना, डिप्रेशन (अवसाद), व्यवहारिक और सोचने समझने की क्षमता में परिवर्तन. उपरोक्त लक्षण ट्यूमर के प्रकार, आकार और उसकी जगह से जुड़े हो सकते हैं. इसके साथ ही साथ ये ब्रेन कैंसर को नियंत्रित करने के लिए उपचार में भी मदद करते हैं. सर्जरी, विकिरण (रेडिएशन), कीमोथेरेपी, और अन्य सभी प्रकार के उपचारों में नए लक्षण उत्पन्न करने की क्षमता होती है, क्योंकि ये ट्यूमर के प्रभाव को कम करने के लिए काम करते हैं.
 

Acoustic Neuroma - What Are The Risk Factors?

Dr. Brajpal Singh Tyagi 87% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
Acoustic Neuroma - What Are The Risk Factors?

Acoustic neuroma is the development of noncancerous and slow-growing tumors on the main, vestibular nerve that travels from the inner ear to the brain, connecting the two organs. They are also known as vestibular schwannoma, as it arises from Schwann cells covering the vestibular nerve. It rarely grows rapidly or attains a large enough size that can press against the brain and interfere with the vital functions of the brain. Since the tumor is benign, the patient can be assured that it won’t spread to the other parts of the body; however, they can grow large enough to disrupt the normal function of the body.

The pressure from the acoustic neuroma on the main nerve can cause loss of hearing, a constant ringing in the ear and unsteadiness. As per a report published by the Acoustic Neuroma Association, 1 out of every 50,000 people suffers from this condition.

Risk factors for acoustic neuroma
Acoustic neuroma does not have quite as many risk factors. The only established risk factor for acoustic neuroma is having a parent who suffers from the rare genetic disorder neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). However, having said that, neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) accounts for only 5 percent of the reported cases. In most of the cases, it has been found that the tumors appear spontaneously without any indication of a family member having this disease or any medical history of the same.

The development of noncancerous tumors on the ear nerves as well as other nerves in the body is scientifically supported as a characteristic indication of neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is also termed as an autosomal dominant disorder, which indicates that the mutated gene can pass from just one parent. Each of the children has a fifty-fifty chance of inheriting the disease.

However, scientists and doctors have failed to identify why specific people get these tumors. They have reached a generic conclusion about the risk factors, which may include:

  • Loud noises near the ear.
  • A parathyroid neuroma, which is a similar benign tumor of the thyroid.
  • A chance of exposure to low levels of radiation in the childhood.

How to diagnose the risk factors for acoustic neuroma?
If you are experiencing loss of hearing or other neurological symptoms, try to keep track of them. Later on, mention them to your doctor for a proper diagnosis. A detailed history of the symptoms will help your doctor. Your doctor will perform a hearing test to check whether you have an acoustic neuroma. Then the doctor may perform a brainstem auditory evoked response tests along with an electronystagmography to detect any changes in eye movement, caused due to the inner ear. MRI and CT scans are also quite common diagnoses methods for acoustic neuroma.

3742 people found this helpful

Types And Symptoms Of Brain Tumor!

Dr. Ketan Dang 88% (111 ratings)
DNB - Medical Oncology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Oncologist, Chandigarh
Types And Symptoms Of Brain Tumor!

Brain tumours vary in shape and size and the same is the case with their symptoms. The location of the tumour affects the symptoms greatly. Just like in any other type of a malignant tumour, brain tumour has a rapid growth and proliferation of abnormal cells that may have its origin in affected site or areas adjacent to it. As per studies, every 2 in 1,00,000 people are said to be affected by brain tumour in India. However, it may come as a relief to some as not all brain tumors are cancerous or life threatening. Some are benign tumors and seldom pose any threat to the affected individual.

Types of Brain Tumor
Brain tumors may be primary or secondary.

  1. Primary brain tumor: Here the abnormal mass of cells that originated in the brain do not metastasize to the other organs. Based on their location in the brain, the primary brain tumors may be of the following types.
    • Gliomas: One of the most common types of primary brain tumors, gliomas can have their origin in the spinal cord or the brain. Some of the common types of gliomas include Astrocytomas (originates in the cerebrum of the brain), Glioblastomas (these tumors form from the Astrocytes which form the supportive tissues of the brain), Ependymoma (these develop from the ependymal cells which are present within the CNS), Oligodendrogliomas (these tumors are found to arise from the oligodendrocytes).
    • Schwannomas: Also called as Acoustic neuromas, these primary brain tumors form on the nerves that play an important role in regulating the balance and hearing from the inner ear to the brain.
    • Meningiomas: These type of tumors are usually benign and have their origin in the meninges (membranes surrounding the spinal cord and the brain).
    • Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs): Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare malignant tumors that originate from the fetal (embryonic) cells in the brain.
    • Pituitary adenomas: As the name suggests, these tumors arise from the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain.
    • Medulloblastomas: Common among the children, these malignant primary tumors develop in the brain (lower back) and gradually spread via the spinal fluid.
    • Other types of primary brain tumors include Craniopharyngiomas and the Germ cell tumors.
  2. Secondary brain tumors: Unlike the primary brain tumors, these tumors have their origin in the other body parts and organs (mostly in the lungs, skin, colon, breast, and kidney) and then gradually metastasize to the brain. The secondary brain tumors are found to be more common.

Symptoms or warning signs associated with brain tumors:
Some of the signs and symptoms that may be indicative of a brain tumor include

  1. People with brain tumors often get seizures (due to the irritation caused by the tumors in the brain).
  2. A headache (mild to severe depending on the part of the brain affected by the tumor).
  3. A person experiences numbness or a tingling sensation in the legs and arms.
  4. There may be difficulties in walking or balancing.
  5. A person finds it difficult to concentrate.
  6. There may be some problems with hearing, speech or even vision.
  7. A person may experience weakness restricted to only one part of the body.

The symptoms may not necessarily indicate a brain tumor but it is always wise not to neglect the symptoms either.

3164 people found this helpful

When Is Brain Surgery Most Required?

Dr. Ravindra Srivastava 85% (31 ratings)
M.Ch, MS, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Greater Noida
When Is Brain Surgery Most Required?

Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions.

Reasons for Brain Surgery:
Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain:

  1. Abnormal blood vessels
  2. Aneurysm
  3. Bleeding
  4. Blood clots in the brain
  5. When the protective tissue or dura is damaged
  6. Epilepsy
  7. Due to nerve damage
  8. Parkinson's disease
  9. Any kind of pressure after an injury
  10. Abscesses9290
  11. Skull fractures
  12. In case of stroke and tumors

A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems.

Types of brain surgeries:

  1. Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires.
  2. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process.
  3. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain.
  4. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime-sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts.

Risks:
Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be:

  1. Allergic reactions to anesthesia
  2. Bleeding9290
  3. Blood clot formations
  4. Swelling of the brain
  5. A state of coma
  6. Impairment in speech, coordination and vision.
  7. Problems in memory
  8. Strokes and seizures
  9. Infections in the brain

A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease.

1788 people found this helpful

Radiation Therapy For Brain Cancer - Can It Have Side Effects?

Dr. Veda Padma Priya 90% (46 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Surgical Oncology), MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Delhi
Radiation Therapy For Brain Cancer - Can It Have Side Effects?

Radiation therapy is used for destroying the brain tumor cells, and relieves the symptoms of discomfort and pain caused by the tumor. Radiation is usually used after biopsy or resection of the tumor. This is done to destroy the microscopic cells of the tumor which have been left behind. Sometimes this is also an option for unresectable brain tumors or the metastatic tumors which spread to the brain from other parts of the body.

The radiation therapy is planned on several factors like the size and type of the tumor and the extent to which it has spread. Usually external beam radiation is used for the brain cancer and the area radiated involves the tumor and the surrounding area. In case of a metastatic brain cancer the radiation is given to the entire brain. People who have lung cancer receive radiation in the brain as a preventive therapy in order to stop the metastatic cancer from developing.

Side effects of brain cancer radiation
Depending on the site, dose, and other factors the radiation therapy when given to the brain might cause side effects. Hair loss, fatigue, edema, skin irritations are a few common side effects of brain tumor radiation. In some cases some people might develop swelling of the ankle, foot, calf and blood clots in the leg.


What is radiation therapy?
Radiation therapy is basically the use of targeted energy like X-ray to kill the cancer cells, or shrink them or change the symptoms related to cancer. This therapy might be used as:

 

  1. Primary treatment for the destruction of the cancer cells
  2. In combination with other ongoing treatments to inhibit the growth of the cancer cells
  3. Prior to another treatment to shrink the cancer cells
  4. Post some treatment to stop the growth of any cancer cells that have been left behind
  5. To relieve cancer symptoms

Types of radiation
Some of the radiation methods commonly used are:

  1. External beam radiation therapy: In this the radiation is directed from outside the body on the cancerous cells in the body. Some examples of this are IMRT, TomoTherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, 3D conformal radiation therapy and IGRT.
  2. Internal radiation therapy: Examples of this are high-dose rate brachytherapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2834 people found this helpful

Brain Cancer - How Radiosurgery Can Be Of Help?

Dr. Ravindra Srivastava 85% (31 ratings)
M.Ch, MS, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Greater Noida
Brain Cancer - How Radiosurgery Can Be Of Help?

Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Prologue:

  1. Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant.

  2. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.

  3. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.

Symptoms:

There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop.

Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include:

  1. Headaches.

  2. Seizures.

  3. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change.

  4. Difficulty walking or clumsiness.

  5. Vision changes.

  6. Changes in alertness.

  7. Behavioural impairment.

Causes:

Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain.

What are the risk factors for brain cancer?

  1. Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome

  2. Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer

  3. Impaired immune system

  4. Radiation therapy of the head

Treatments Options:

Treatment

Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors.

Brain Cancer - Understanding It In Detail!

Dr. Parimal Tripathi 87% (121 ratings)
FRCS - Neurosurgery(UK), M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Ahmedabad
Brain Cancer - Understanding It In Detail!

Brain cancer is a disease of the brain in which cancer cells (malignant cells) arise in the brain tissue. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Tumors composed of cancer cells are called malignant tumors, and those composed of mainly non-cancerous cells are called benign tumors. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Prologue:

  1. Brain cancer is actually the abnormal growth and uncontrolled growth of the cancer cells in the brain,that forms a tumor in the brain.Tumours can be either benign or malignant.

  2. Benign brain tumours are abnormal collections of cells that reproduce slowly and usually remain separate from the surrounding normal brain.

  3. Malignant tumours reproduce and grow quickly. Their borders are hard to distinguish from the normal brain around them.

Symptoms:

There are few early symptoms of brain cancer, but as the tumour grows within the confines of the skull, it causes increased intracranial pressure and exerts pressure on the brain, causing signs to develop.

Brain cancer symptoms and signs are varied and depend on the area of the brain involved, but can include:

  1. Headaches.

  2. Seizures.

  3. Nausea and vomiting, which, CANSA reports, may be worse in the morning or after a sudden position change.

  4. Difficulty walking or clumsiness.

  5. Vision changes.

  6. Changes in alertness.

  7. Behavioural impairment.

Causes:

Brain cancer occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the brain that form a malignant brain tumor. The underlying cause of primary brain cancer, cancer that begins in the brain, is not known. Secondary brain cancer is caused by a cancer of another organ in the body, such as the breast, prostate, kidney, skin, or bone, that has spread to the brain.

What are the risk factors for brain cancer?

  1. Certain inherited conditions, including neurofibromatosis, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome

  2. Personal history of cancer or family history of brain cancer

  3. Impaired immune system

  4. Radiation therapy of the head

Biopsy of brain tumors 

  1. Steriotaxy can be frame based or frameless with neuronavigation.

Treatments Options:

Treatment

Surgery is the main form of treatment for brain tumors that lie within the membranes covering the brain or in parts of the brain that can be removed without damaging critical neurological functions. The goal is to remove the entire tumor, whenever possible, as a tumor may recur if any tumor cells are left behind. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are generally used as secondary treatment for tumors that cannot be cured through surgery alone.

Stereotactic radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a treatment option that delivers a high concentration of radiation directly to the tumor in order to stop its growth, while delivering only a minimal dose of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Unlike conventional surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery does not require making an incision to remove the tumor. It can be especially effective in patients with many small metastatic brain tumors. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Brain Surgery - Can It Cause Amnesia?

Dr. Devesh K Singh 87% (18 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neurosurgery, FLCS
Neurologist, Ghaziabad
Brain Surgery - Can It Cause Amnesia?

Often it has been observed in patients undergoing a brain surgery that their memory gets affected. The memory can sometimes be affected either by the tumor growing inside the brain or by the surgery for the removal of that tumor. Rather than the long-term memory, in the majority of the brain surgery cases, it is the short term memory that gets affected more noticeably. Further, sometimes, people have difficulties in making new memories after the brain surgery along with retrieving the old ones. Continue reading to know more about brain surgery and amnesia.

How is brain surgery connected to amnesia?
The presence of a tumor in the brain can affect one's memory in two different ways. Though not everyone suffers from it, there is a possibility that the treatment or the surgery often leads to memory difficulties and sometimes it's the location of the tumor in the brain that causes the memory damage. Sometimes, even radiations or chemotherapy sessions can also be responsible for amnesia. One must know that having a brain tumor or opting for a brain surgery doesn’t necessarily cause memory loss or amnesia for everyone. And those patients who do suffer from this, both the severity and symptoms of the memory loss vary from one to another.

Probable memory difficulties
Memory difficulties, also commonly referred to as amnesia, can be two different types, retrograde amnesia, and anterograde amnesia, irrespective of whether it is the result of the treatment or the location of the tumor. In case of retrograde amnesia, the memory loss occurs before undergoing a brain surgery, or sometimes even before developing the brain tumor. However, those who suffer from anterograde amnesia face difficulties in remembering their previous memories after the brain surgery is performed.


Coping with amnesia
Once the type of memory loss one is suffering from is identified, there are various ways and strategies to cope with amnesia, suggested by the doctors. Taking good care of one’s self, having the necessary amount of sleep along with a healthy diet helps one improve his or her capacity of recalling the forgotten memories in many cases.

 

Further, by adopting simple measures like maintaining a diary, following a routine and organizing one's medications with reminder notes can also help an amnesia patient in coping with the normal life situations. Minimizing the distractions and focusing on a single thing at a time can also be helpful in not only coping with it but also in improving the memory.

In case one displays signs of having a memory problem after a brain surgery, he or she should be immediately taken to a clinical psychologist or a neuropsychologist. Because it is with the help of this medical professional that severity of the amnesia that the person is suffering from and which part of memory has been affected can be determined, and the right ways of coping with the issue can be suggested. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Radiation Therapy - What You Need To Know?

MCh - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Oncologist, Bangalore
Radiation Therapy - What You Need To Know?

Radiation therapy is used for destroying the brain tumor cells, and relieves the symptoms of discomfort and pain caused by the tumor. Radiation is usually used after biopsy or resection of the tumor. This is done to destroy the microscopic cells of the tumor which have been left behind. Sometimes this is also an option for unresectable brain tumors or the metastatic tumors which spread to the brain from other parts of the body.

The radiation therapy is planned on several factors like the size and type of the tumor and the extent to which it has spread. Usually external beam radiation is used for the brain cancer and the area radiated involves the tumor and the surrounding area. In case of a metastatic brain cancer the radiation is given to the entire brain. People who have lung cancer receive radiation in the brain as a preventive therapy in order to stop the metastatic cancer from developing.

Side effects of brain cancer radiation
Depending on the site, dose, and other factors the radiation therapy when given to the brain might cause side effects. Hair loss, fatigue, edema, skin irritations are a few common side effects of brain tumor radiation. In some cases some people might develop swelling of the ankle, foot, calf and blood clots in the leg.


What is radiation therapy?
Radiation therapy is basically the use of targeted energy like X-ray and radioactive substances to kill the cancer cells, or shrink them or change the symptoms related to cancer. This therapy might be used as:

 

  1. Primary treatment for the destruction of the cancer cells
  2. In combination with other ongoing treatments to inhibit the growth of the cancer cells
  3. Prior to another treatment to shrink the cancer cells
  4. Post some treatment to stop the growth of any cancer cells that have been left behind
  5. To relieve cancer symptoms

Types of radiation
Some of the radiation methods commonly used are:

  1. External beam radiation therapy: In this the radiation is directed from outside the body on the cancerous cells in the body. Some examples of this are IMRT, TomoTherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, 3D conformal radiation therapy and IGRT.
  2. Internal radiation therapy: In this the radioactive substance is placed close to the tumor with the help of a catheter or some carrier. Examples of this are high-dose rate brachytherapy.
  3. Systemic radiation therapy: In this a radioactive substance is injected or swallowed, which further locates and destroys the cancerous cells. Example of this is radioactive iodine therapy.
  4. Managing radiation side effects: Radiation therapy in some cases can cause unpleasant side effects like fatigue and nausea. Thus it should be kept in mind that maximum radiation doses should be given with less or little impact on the healthy tissues.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2887 people found this helpful
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