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Brain Hemorrhage Tips

Brain Stroke - Who Can Possibly Suffer From It?

Dr. Namit Gupta 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Brain Stroke - Who Can Possibly Suffer From It?

A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.

What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.  Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below). 

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke

  1. Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
  2. Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
  3. Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
  4. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

  1. Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
  2. Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
  3. U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER. 

Endovascular procedures 
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which  trained doctors try  removing a large blood clot by  sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including 

  1. High blood pressure,
  2. Cigarette smoking,
  3. Diabetes
  4. Atrial fibrillation and
  5. Physical inactivity.
  6. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control. 

Rehabilitation
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful

Stroke: Awareness is Prevention

Dr. Utsav 90% (322 ratings)
MD - Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Stroke: Awareness is Prevention

What is a stroke?

Stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Without blood, brain cells can be damaged or die. This damage can have different effects depending on where it happens in the brain. It can affect people’s body, mobility and speech, as well as how they think and feel.

Learn How To Prevent A Stroke

Here are six steps anyone can take to reduce the risk and the danger of stroke:

1. Know your personal risk factors: high blood pressure, diabetes, and high blood cholesterol.

2. Be physically active and exercise regularly.

3. Maintain a healthy diet high in fruit and vegetable and low in salt to stay a healthy state and keep blood pressure low.

4. Limit alcohol consumption.

5. Avoid cigarette smoke. If you smoke, seek help to stop now.

6. Learn to recognize the warning signs of a stroke.

Stroke is treatable.

Stroke is a complex medical issue. But there are ways to significantly reduce its impact. Recognizing the signs of stroke early, treating it as a medical emergency with admission to a specialized stroke unit, and access to the best professional care can substantially improve outcomes.

Access

The right care makes a difference, but many people are not getting the stroke treatment they need.

6 key facts about stroke treatment

1. Early recognition makes a big difference.

Knowing the signs of stroke and getting treatment quickly saves lives and improves recovery. If you think someone may have had a stroke, do this FAST check:

Face ­– Is one side drooping?
Arms – Raise both arms. Is one side weak?
Speech – Is the person able to speak? Are words jumbled or slurred?
Time – Act quickly and seek emergency medical attention immediately.

Stroke Warning Signs

a) Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
b) Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
c) Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
d) Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
e) Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

If you notice one or more of these signs, don't wait. Stroke is a medical emergency.

2. Around 1 in 10 more people make an excellent recovery when cared for in a specialized stroke unit. If we consider an isolated blood vessel, blood flow to the brain tissue can be hampered in two ways:

a) the vessel clogs within (ischemic stroke)
b) the vessel ruptures, causing blood to leak into the brain (hemorrhagic stroke)

All patients with stroke (ischaemic or haemorrhagic) should be admitted to a specialized stroke unit, which involves a designated ward with a specialized team.

3. Clot-busting drugs (tPA or thrombolysis) increase the chance of a good outcome by 30%.³

Clot-busting drugs break up blood clots. This treatment can be administered up to 4.5 hours of symptom onset in many patients with ischaemic stroke. The earlier it is given, the greater the effect.

4. Clot retrieval treatment increases the chance of a good outcome by more than 50%.4

Clot retrieval treatment (mechanical thrombectomy) involves removing a blood clot and can improve survival rates and reduce disability for many people with ischaemic stroke caused by large artery blockage.

5. Rehabilitation is a critical step in the treatment process.
Rehabilitation starts in the hospital as soon as possible following a stroke. It can improve function and help the survivor regain as much independence as possible over time.

6. One in four survivors will have another stroke.
Treatments that prevent another stroke include drugs to lower blood pressure and cholesterol, antiplatelet therapies, anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, surgery or stenting for selected patients with severe carotid artery narrowing.

Lifestyle changes can also greatly reduce the risk of another stroke. Changes include eating well, being physically active, being tobacco-free, managing stress, and limiting alcohol consumption.

Join the fight against stroke.

Stroke affects us all. Let’s take action, drive awareness, and push for better access to stroke treatments.

Neuro Pysiotherapy Exercises/stretches in Spastic Stages of Stroke/hemiparalysis

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (18136 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Neuro Pysiotherapy Exercises/stretches in Spastic Stages of Stroke/hemiparalysis

TREATMENT IN SPASTIC STAGES: 

In case of spasticity the therapist should try to achieve the following aims:· 

First normalize the tone.

Development of normal functional pattern.

Prevention of contracture and deformity.

Train the patient to be functionally independent.

Achieve highest possible physical security for the patient.           

Spasticity in the muscle can be reduced by the following methods:       

Gentle rhythmic passive movement.        

Sustained gradual stretching either manually or by using splints.Prolonged icing over the spastic muscle bulk for about 15 to 20 min.            

Faradic stimulation to the weak antagonist muscles can reduce the               

Spasticity of the agonist muscle by the principle of reciprocal inhibition.        

Reflex inhibiting postures or patterns.        

Biofeedback: This can be used to relax spastic muscle as well as to activate its antagonist. 

EXERCISES IN SPASTIC STAGE:

EXERCISES IN LYING:

Scapular movement: The patient scapula should be mobilized passively and also the patient should be asked to perform protraction and elevation movement of the scapula.Touching the opposite shoulder: The patient is trained to take his arm from extension, abduction and external rotation position towards his opposite shoulder into flexion , adduction, supination and external rotation.Touching the head: The patient is trained to touch the head by maintaining external rotation and supination. The Therapist maintains the hand in extension of the fingers with the thumb in abducted position and then she moves the hand into abduction and elevation maintaining the elbow in extension. This exercise can be progressed to active the as the patient learns to control the movement.Elbow extension with shoulder in 90 degree of flexion.The patient is then trained to maintain the arm  in space in different directions. This exercise will help the patient in developing good control of the upper limbs and also increase the proximal fixation.

Bridging: 

Bridging should be done by weight bearing on the affected limb only. The therapist maintains the normal limb in flexion and encourages weight bearingt hrough the hemiplegic lower extremities.

Unilateral rotation of the pelvis: 

The patient performs hip-knee flexion of the affected lower limb and then rotated the pelvis to the opposite side. The patient tries to maintain this posture so that the spasticity of the trunk is inhibited. This exercise also help in encouraging forward rotation of the pelvis and correcting pelvic retraction.The patient is encouraged to perform flexion adduction and extension abduction pattern of the lower limb keeping the knee in extension position throughout.

The affected lower limb is kept in abduction at the edge of the plinth such that the knee is in flexion. In this position the patient is encouraged to perform knee extension and flexion without any adduction or flexion movement at the hip.

The patient may be trained to perform dorsiflexion with hip extension and plantar flexion with hip flexion. In case the patient is unable to perform dorsiflexion he may be trained to do with hip-knee flexion and the flexion at the hip and knee gradually reduced. 

5 Best Neuro Physiotherapy Approaches for Stroke

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (18136 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
5 Best Neuro Physiotherapy Approaches for Stroke

Stroke

We all know about it. In simple words, we can say damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply. It’s also called CVA: cerebro vascularaccident. Now just have a simple look or idea about the patient’s structure means his look so that he can recognize about that. Firstly side of the face drops or feels numb with speech difficulties as face involves in it, then muscles weakness on one side of the body.

 There are three types of stroke:

1 Ischemic strokes 

2 Hemorrhagic  strokes 

3 Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) 

BUT there is also something that we should know:-

There are two types of patients, first those patients with both flexor and extensor  spasticity; but predominant extensor hyper tonus of the leg, i.e.excessive co­-contraction.  

They can stand and take some weight for a moment.Other patients with more moderate degrees of spasticity and little co-contraction can walk and move the weight free leg.Both types of patients have balance problem, the first because of lack of mobility and the other due to lack of stability.

NOTE: If left brain involved then right side affected and if right brain involved then left side.

TREATMENT FOR STROKE

Before start treatment one should know about the following things. 

They are:·        

Check the muscle first either it’s flaccid or spastic.       

Sensory part involvement is there or not.     

Joints involved.       

Check the reflexes

PHYSIOTHERAPY APPROACHES: 

Bo bath: This is based in normal movement or Neuro -development approach.The main aim is to prevent abnormal movement and adverse plastic adaptations and to facilitate normal movement and subsequent plastic changes.

Brunstorn: He makes use of abnormal synergies and incorporate them into functional activities.

Motor relearning program: This training of motor control is based on an understanding of kinematics and kinetics of normal movement, motor control process and motor learning. 

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF): To maximize sensory stimuli on the pool of AHC in order to stimulate purposeful muscle contraction.

Roods: This was mainly done to achieve purposeful muscular contraction by stimulating the skin through facilitating strokes on the skin. The combination of treatment used differs from patient to patient.

Types Of Stroke & Treatments Offered!

Dr. K Kartik Revanappa 91% (17 ratings)
MCh - Neurosurgery , MS - Orthopaedics
Neurosurgeon, Bangalore
Types Of Stroke & Treatments Offered!

A stroke may be called a brain attack. It may happen to any person at any time. A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is cut off. The brain cells become oxygen deprived due to the stroke and eventually die. Dead brain cells result in brain dysfunction due to which patients lose control over muscle and memory.

Strokes can be mild to life threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Stroke requires advanced care and should be treated by extensively qualified and experienced medical experts. 

Neurosurgery satisfies all the required clauses for treatment of stroke and accounts for being one of the best ways for management of stroke. Renowned hospitals have a dedicated neurosurgical wing and a team of neurological specialists who know how to deal with stroke the best.

Vascular Neurology
This form of neurology focuses on patients who have undergone a stroke or have experienced symptoms of stroke. A multidisciplinary approach is taken for the prevention of recurrent cerebrovascular conditions.

Types of stroke

  1. Ischemic stroke: This kind of stroke occurs when there is a blockage in a blood vessel, which supplies blood to the brain. This form of stroke is the more common. The underlying cause of this stroke is known as atherosclerosis, which is a condition where fatty deposits occur in the walls of the blood vessels and cause blockage in them.
  2. Hemorrhagic stroke: This type of stroke occurs when a blood vessel gets weak and ruptures into the brain. This is caused by two types of weak blood vessels known as aneurysm and arteriovenous malformation.
  3. Transient ischemic attack: This type of stroke is also known as a mini stroke. These attacks occur because of blood clots. The blockage caused is temporary or transient in nature.

Treatment of Ischemic stroke

  1. Tissue Plasminogen Activator: This is one of the best ways to treat ischemic strokes. This medicine is given to the patient intravenously. It dissolves the blood clot and improves blood flow to the area of the brain which is affected. The medicine should be given within three to four hours after stroke symptoms appear.
  2. Endovascular procedure: This is a process by which the blood clot is removed using a catheter, which gets inserted into the area of the blocked blood vessel. It helps in restoring blood flow to that area. 

Treatment of Hemorrhagic stroke

  1. Endovascular procedure: Several endovascular techniques and methods are used so that the weakening of blood vessels is reduced and less bleeding is caused.
  2. Surgical treatment: Different modes of neurosurgery may be undertaken to stop bleeding and for relieving pressure within the skull. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
3190 people found this helpful

Preventing Brain Stroke - 8 Things You Can Do!

Dr. Rajyaguru Hardik 93% (144 ratings)
DNB(Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Durgapur
Preventing Brain Stroke - 8 Things You Can Do!

As the famous quote says, 'prevention is better than cure', let us take you through some preventive measures to keep you and your loved ones away from the dreadful brain stroke. Brain stroke occurs due to an interruption in the regular blood flow to the brain or bursting of a blood vessel or due to the bursting of blocked artery, which reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients, leading the brain cells to die.

Top 8 things that will reduce the likelihood of having a brain stroke:

  1. Eat well: Having good eating habits are not just good for a healthy outlook of the body, but also benefits the body in many other ways. Eating a plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, fibre rich diet, reducing salt and fat content can prevent stroke.
  2. Stay Active: Regular exercising not just makes you feel and look good, but also reduces the odds of developing a brain stroke. Exercising regularly or keeping the physical activities regularly will keep you away from suffering a stroke. Pick any physical activity, but do work out to stay away from the brain stroke.
  3. Say no to Smoking and drugs: Yes! The more you smoke, the more are the chances of you of suffering the deadly brain stroke.
  4. Control your blood pressure: The ideal blood pressure for a healthy person is 120/88 mm HG. Regular check-up of blood pressure is advisable to control the chances of suffering a stroke as high blood pressure can result into damage of arteries, which causes brain stroke.
  5. Drink in limits: Limit the amount of alcohol you consume, as alcohol increases the blood pressure, which is one of the main reasons behind the stroke. The high amount of alcohol can increase the blood pressure to a higher level very quickly. Consulting a doctor is the best option in case you are not able to control your alcohol intake.
  6. Cholesterol: People suffering from high cholesterol are at higher risk of strokes as the cholesterol can travel to the arteries in the body making the arteries narrow and the body more prone to suffer a stroke. Choosing healthy lifestyle helps in reducing the cholesterol level.
  7. Diabetes: High level of diabetes is one of the most prominent reasons behind stroke. One should get his diabetes level checked and keep it under control since the arteries might get blocked because of fatty deposits because of higher sugar levels.
  8. Depression/Stress: Any kind of depression or stress, generally leads to avoidance of all or some of the points discussed above and hence becomes a reason for an unhealthy body, which is more prone to strokes. Consultation with a doctor and/or psychiatrist is advisable in case a person if suffering from depression.

Improving your health and taking charge of your life should be the top most priority and should never be ignored. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2190 people found this helpful

Stroke (Brain Attack)

Dr. Vishwas Madhav Thakur 93% (916 ratings)
MBBS, AFIH, PGDMLS, MD-HRM, MD-HM
General Physician, Gurgaon
Play video

How to Save Yourself From Stroke?

Aphrodisiac Medicine: Why You Must Consult A doctor Before consuming Them?

Dr. Jolly Arora 89% (1129 ratings)
MBBS, MCCEE, Fellowship in Sexual Medicine
Sexologist, Jaipur
Aphrodisiac Medicine: Why You Must Consult A doctor Before consuming Them?

The physical side to love in any relationship is very important. Just like the need to have food and water, intimacy is also a primal requirement in life. Most human beings have a need for intimacy for a healthy sexual life, which determines their overall wellbeing. If there are physical or psychological problems with a person’s sexuality, it can hamper their self-confidence and thus degrade the quality of their life. In such cases a medical professional such as a urologist, gynecologist or sexologist who are qualified doctors need to be consulted.

The hocus pocus medicine-

In the modern world, aggressive marketing and pseudo-science have teamed up to make healthy people insecure about their sexuality to make a quick buck. This results in harm to an individual’s body, mind and general well-being. Sometimes people may take genuine drugs for enhancement themselves which may end up having adverse effects on the body. Some of the bogus treatments as well as the dangers of self-medication are mentioned here.

Treatments which are bogus by nature-

While there are some genuine medications as well as sexual prosthetics available form genuine sources, a large section of the devices available are bogus and don’t come from genuine sources. Some of these are:-

  1. Penile Enlargement Devices: This is possibly the largest industry based on medical hoax and pseudo medical therapy in the world. There are a range of medical products which claim to enlarge penis size. None of the products available actually do anything but play on the fears of the customer that they are small. Some examples of these are:-

    • Penis Enlargement Pills: Claims to make the penis larger by encouraging blood flow into the penis. However, the only things that can be achieved by this means at best are longer and harder erections although it does nothing about the size of the penis. It may even have adverse effects on your heart and lungs if you have an undiagnosed condition and self-medicate. They may even be placebo pills or in a worst case scenario contain chemicals toxic to your body.

    • Penis Extenders: These are one of the most dangerous of devices touted as a miracle in penis enlargement. These devices contain two clamp like structures which are held in place by rods which are extendable in length. They claim to work by keeping the penis stretched and then slowly increasing the tension to increase the size gradually over time. However, this may only end up damaging your organ permanently and even cause erectile dysfunction by rupturing tissue.

    • Vacuum Pumps: More in the realm of sex toys, some have been touted to increase penis size in the long run. These devices are placed on base of the penis with a rubber mounting and a glass or plastic case on top. The air is drained out mechanically and the lower air pressure within draws blood into the penis. This engorges the penis and causes a hard and large erection which may often be misconstrued as an enlargement. Prolonged use of this can damage the blood vessels within the organ causing them to rupture and leading to erectile dysfunction.

    • Enlargement Creams and Oils: This is another scam which claims to enlarge the penis with the help of special creams that claim to have natural “ingredients”. At best they can induce an erection by stimulating blood flow but can also cause irritations and allergies. It may lead to serious skin disorders due to an adverse reaction as well.

  2. Vaginal Tightening Gels: This is another category of product which claims to perform permanent changes when used over time. Vaginal tightening gels may work for a short period by engorging the blood vessels inside the vagina. However, these don’t work in the long run and may, in fact, end up causing infections, or gynecological disorders caused by reactions to the ingredients.

  3. Herbal Supplements: Another category which has caught on all over the world and is very dangerous are the medications that are touted to come from alternative forms of medicine.

What is an Aphrodisiac?

In recent times, use of aphrodisiacs has become the rage. Aphrodisiacs are substances that are said to increase sexual desires when consumed. It functions by increasing the sex drive, your performance in bed and increasing your sexual energy. Some people take it to save their marriages and others just take it prior to sex every time to show an increase in their sexual prowess.

Is it really safe to use it?

Sometimes, people are so carried away by the effects they have on them, that they simply seem to ignore or bypass its probable ugly side.

While the aphrodisiacs may function by increasing the blood flow to the genital areas, it can also call a severe drop in blood pressure that is very harmful. It can also include side effects such as nausea, dizziness, stroke, increased risk of cancer, enlargement of the prostate, loss of consciousness and even severe headaches.

People do not consider the safety of these drugs and consume the same without knowing its effects. Some aphrodisiacs are shown to cause damage to the liver and in more severe cases, can cause liver cirrhosis.

Uses and Dangers of Using Sex Enhancing Instruments-

Instruments such as penis pumps, penis extensors and exercises such as Jelquing exercises are used to increase the size of the penis by physical methods. These techniques can be used to temporarily cure impotence. These techniques can be very dangerous, and it may cause vascular damages to the penis. The Jelquing exercise if done without lubrication can cause severe damage due to friction.

The promise of an easy and quick fix through aggressive marketing may sound very good. However, you should remember that if something sounds too good to be true in most cases it is. What you need to do is to consult a qualified medical practitioner, who can give you the best treatment for your problem. Remember, in most cases, the sexual problems are created with the help of media, marketing and false advertising such as in the case of penile enlargement (which plays on the fears that a man is small). This can then allow someone to buy into a hoax as they think they may have a problem when in actuality, they don’t.

4 people found this helpful

What You Need To Know About Brain Stroke?

Dr. Balasubramaniam S 92% (33 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Chennai
What You Need To Know About Brain Stroke?

A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.

What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.  Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below). 

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke

  1. Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
  2. Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
  3. Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
  4. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

  1. Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
  2. Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
  3. U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER. 

Endovascular procedures 
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which  trained doctors try  removing a large blood clot by  sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including 

  1. High blood pressure,
  2. Cigarette smoking,
  3. Diabetes
  4. Atrial fibrillation and
  5. Physical inactivity.
  6. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control. 

Rehabilitation
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.

2 people found this helpful

Snoring - 3 Best And Simple Exercises For It!

Dr. U. Sanjay 90% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Chennai
Snoring - 3 Best And Simple Exercises For It!

Snoring is becoming an increasingly relevant condition as more and more lifestyle diseases are attributed to it. It is found to be associated with high blood pressure, diabetes, heart attacks, strokes, depression, obesity and many more conditions. As obesity becomes more prevalent, the incidence of snoring and sleep apnoea are also increasing. Exercises to lose weight, and tone u the muscles can help to reduce your snoring. Snoring is a common condition and it generally takes place more in men than women. It mostly affects individuals who are overweight and the condition gets worsened with age. Though it is not a serious condition at first, it has to be dealt with as it can lead to other major health conditions and affects the sleep of your sleeping partner. The main cause of snoring is an improper flow of air through the mouth or nose.

The airflow to the nose is obstructed by factors like:

  1. Obesity

  2. Nasal congestion/ sinusitis

  3. Pregnancy

  4. Genetic factors

  5. Enlarged adenoids and tonsils

  6. Large tongue, small jaw.

How to prevent snoring:

It is essential that prior attention is given to this condition before it turns out to be a serious problem. Treating nose block and mouth breathing in childhood can prevent this from developing in adult life. The self-help tips that can be used by individuals to stop snoring include proper exercising, losing weight, quitting smoking and not drinking alcohol as well as setting up an ideal sleeping pattern. There are devices available in the pharmaceutical stores like the mouth guard device which are specially designed to help stop snoring. There are medications also available that help to stop snoring and have good quality sleep.

Amazing and Simple Exercises to Stop Snoring:

You can cure your snoring problem easily by practicing vocal exercises without the need of even going through a painful and expensive surgery.

  1. Singing: Singing is an excellent exercise that is very good for your vocal passage and that can cure the snoring problem. It is best that you start singing in a warm shower and the moist steam of the warm water would soothe your throat. The benefit of singing is that it tightens the muscles and it is an excellent and natural way that would cure your sleeping problem. You can practice singing at least 20 minutes in a day, and you would surely experience the difference.

  2. Yawning: The second simple exercise that can be done to stop snoring is yawning, which involves opening and closing of your mouth. The exercise done in a yawning motion would strengthen both the inner and outer neck muscles. It is very necessary that the mouth is opened widely, and this activity can be done anytime of the day.

  3. Tongue exercises by pushing the tongue against the cheeks, stretching out to touch the nose tip and chin. These work very well in childhood.

Though snoring is not a serious condition, over a period of time it could lead to the development of diabetes and hypertension, heart attack and stroke. It also has a big role to play in weight gain, and road traffic accidents.

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