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Bone Fracture Tips

Broken Nose - Causes And Symptoms!

Broken Nose - Causes And Symptoms!

A broken nose, often referred to as a fractured nose or a nasal fracture,is a crack or break in the bones of your nose. The bone that is more prone to getting fractured is the one over the bridge of the nose.

Causes

There can be a lot of reasons for a broken nose. Common causes include falling down on your face or the nose being hit by a blunt object. Your nose may look twisted and you might have trouble breathing. A nasal fracture can cause pain in the nose and is usually accompanied by bruising and inflammation around the nose.

Any activity that tends to increase the possibility of facial injuries can also increase the possibility of a nasal fracture. The common risk factors include playing contact sports like soccer or rugby without proper face protection. Riding atwo-wheeler without a helmet or not using seatbelt in a four wheeler can cause a nasal fracture if the vehicle meets with an accident. Physical fights can also result in a broken nose.

Symptoms and complications

The common symptoms of a nasal fracture are:

1. Pain in the nasal region - You may feel pain just by touching your nose.
2. Swelling around the nasal region can also be observed.
3. Your nose and the region below the eyes may be bruised.
4. Sometimes you may experiencebreathing problems as well, since your nasal passage can be blocked due to a nasal fracture. 
5. Loss of shape of your nose along with bleeding and discharge of mucus from it are common signs of a nasal fracture.

There can be a lot of complications that can occur due to a broken nose. The complications mayvary according to the nature of injury. The common complications are :

1. Clotting and collection of blood - Due to a heavy injury to your nose, the blood tends to clot in large quantities and sometimes can cause blockages in the nostrils. This condition is specifically referred to as septal hematoma and needs a quick surgical procedure to prevent any sort of breathing problems.
2. Another complication that can result due to a nasal fractureisa nasal cartilage fracture or a deviation in the septum. 
3. Sometimes the impact of the blow which has caused a fracture in the nose can also result in a neck injury. 
 

Broken Nose - Its Causes, Symptoms And Complications!

Broken Nose - Its Causes, Symptoms And Complications!

A broken nose often referred to as a fractured nose or a nasal fracture is a crack or break in the bones of your nose. The bone that is more prone to getting fractured is the one over the bridge of the nose.

Causes-

There can be a lot of reasons for a broken nose. Common causes include falling down on your face or the nose being hit by a blunt object. Your nose may look twisted and you might have trouble breathing. A nasal fracture can cause pain in the nose and is usually accompanied by bruising and inflammation around the nose.
Any activity that tends to increase the possibility of facial injuries can also increase the possibility of a nasal fracture. The common risk factors include playing contact sports like soccer or rugby without proper face protection. Riding a two-wheeler without a helmet or not using seat belt in a four-wheeler can cause a nasal fracture if the vehicle meets with an accident. Physical fights can also result in a broken nose.

Symptoms and complications-
The common symptoms of a nasal fracture are:

1. Pain in the nasal region. You may feel pain just by touching your nose.
2. Swelling around the nasal region can also be observed.
3. Your nose and the region below the eyes may be bruised.
4. Sometimes you may experience breathing problems as well since your nasal passage can be blocked due to a nasal fracture. 
5. Loss of shape of your nose along with bleeding and discharge of mucus from it are common signs of a nasal fracture.

There can be a lot of complications that can occur due to a broken nose. The complications mayvary according to the nature of injury. The common complications are:
1. Clotting and collection of blood. Due to a heavy injury to your nose, the blood tends to clot in large quantities and sometimes can cause blockages in the nostrils. This condition is specifically referred to as septal hematoma and needs a quick surgical procedure to prevent any sort of breathing problems.
2. Another complication that can result due to a nasal fractureisa nasal cartilage fracture or a deviation in the septum. 
3. Sometimes the impact of the blow which has caused a fracture in the nose can also result in a neck injury. 
 

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Spinal Fractures - All You Should Know!

Spinal Fractures - All You Should Know!

Spinal fractures are extremely painful and usually happen when an external force applied to the spine exceeds the vertebral column’s ability to bear the load. Many times, the bone fragments pinch and damage the spinal cord, which leads to an injury or dislocation of the bony vertebra. Although spinal fractures can develop anywhere along the spine, the most common site is the lower back.

What causes spinal fractures?

Spinal fractures can occur due to both minor trauma/falls and major accidents. The following are the probable causes of such fractures-

• Injuries sustained while playing a sport
• A traumatic injury
• Spinal instability
• Injuries sustained after falling from a height
• A whiplash
• Injuries sustained in an accident
• An underlying condition such as Osteoporosis, which causes the spinal bones to weaken

Symptoms observed:

Spinal fractures are characterized by the following symptoms-

Muscle spasm and swelling
Numbness
Acute pain that worsens when you walk or stand for a long time
• A tingling sensation
• Restricted mobility of the spinal column
• Spinal deformity/disability
• Sudden onset of pain in the lower back region

What are the various types of spinal fractures?

Spinal fractures primarily fall into four categories, namely the following-

• Compression - Compression fractures are quite common in people with osteoporosis or bone cancer. The bones become fragile and brittle. If sudden force is applied with extreme pressure, the vertebra may not be able to support the load and that may result in a fracture.

• Burst - Severe trauma, such as a car accident can cause burst fractures. The external pressure is so much that the vertebra gets crushed. As a result, the bony fragments spread out and cause spinal cord injury. Unlike a compression fracture, where only a part of the vertebra is damaged, a burst fracture leads to multiple fractures in the vertebra.

• Flexion-distraction - This type of fracture is likely to happen if you are involved in a car accident. Normally, the spine is made to flex forward. However, a sudden jerk that pushes your body forward can put a lot of pressure on the spine and cause the vertebrae to break.

• Fracture-dislocation - This debilitating condition results from a torn ligament and broken bone.

What is the treatment for spinal fractures?

Treatment options for spinal fractures include both non-surgical and surgical methods.

• Non-surgical treatment - Most cases of spinal fractures can be treated with immobilization in a corset or brace for up to 10-12 weeks. Bracing will help prevent deformity and reduce pain.

• Surgical treatment - The doctor may recommend surgery in severe cases. The two standard surgical procedures are-

Vertebroplasty - The surgeon will insert a tube, known as a catheter, into the compressed vertebra. Through the catheter, he/she will inject bone cement into the fracture site. This will harden and stabilize the vertebral column. Vertebroplasty has proved to be an effective procedure to reduce pain. The surgery restores mobility and prevents loss of bone due to bed rest.

Kyphoplasty - During this procedure, the surgeon inserts a catheter into the spinal column under the guidance of an X-ray. Next, he/she makes small incisions along the back and inserts an inflatable bone stamp. The tamp, once inflated, bring back the vertebral body to its original height. It also creates a cavity to be filled with bone cement, which seals the cracks. The bone cement stops the vertebra from collapsing again. After the whole procedure, the surgeon will remove the catheter and stitch the incisions.

Following surgery, you will need to wear a brace for about 6-12 weeks. Physical therapy is strongly recommended initially to help you get back to your daily activities in a week or two.

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हड्डी टूटने पर उपचार - Haddi Tootne Par Upchar!

हड्डी टूटने पर उपचार - Haddi Tootne Par Upchar!

हड्डियों के टूटने को मेडिकल टर्म्स में बोन फ्रैक्चर कहा जाता है, यह एक चिकित्सकीय स्थिति होती है. जब बॉडी की किसी हड्डी या उसकी स्ट्रक्चर में क्रैक पड़ जाती है या वह टूट जाती है तो उसे बोने फ्रैक्चर कहते हैं. आमतौर पर बोन फ्रैक्चर, हड्डियों पर अत्यधिक प्रेशर या स्ट्रेस पड़ने पर होता है. कुछ अन्य मेडिकल परिस्थियां भी हैं जो हड्डियों को कमजोर बनाती हैं और उनके टूटने का कारण बनती हैं. उदाहरण के लिए ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस, कुछ प्रकार के कैंसर या ऑस्टियोजेनेसिस इंपरफेक्टा, पैथोलोजिकल फ्रैक्चर इत्यादि के कारण भी हड्डियों के टूटने का कारण बनती है. आइए इस लेख के जरिए हम टूटी हुई हड्डियों के उपचार के तरीकों पर एक नजर डालें.

हड्डी टूटने से उत्पन्न विकारों के विभिन्न प्रकार
सिंपल फ्रैक्चर: -
जब बॉडी की कोई हड्डी दो टुकड़ों में टूट जाती है, तो इसे सिंपल फ्रैक्चर कहते हैं.

ओपन या कंपाउंड फ्रैक्चर - जब किसी प्रकार के फोर्स या स्ट्रेस के कारण हड्डी का कोई हिस्सा या टुकड़ा त्वचा के अंदर से बाहर निकल जाता है.

क्लोज्ड फ्रैक्चर: – जब हड्डी टूट जाए लेकिन ऊपरी की त्वचा में कोई परिवर्तन न हो, तो उसे क्लोज्ड फ्रैक्चर कहते हैं.

स्पायरल फ्रैक्चर: – जब किसी वस्तु या मशीन आदि के प्रभाव के कारण हड्डी में घुमाव आ जाता है, तो इसे स्पायरल फ्रैक्चर कहते हैं.

कम्प्रेशन फ्रैक्चर: – जब हड्डियां किसी दबाव या बल के प्रभाव में आकर क्रश हो जाएं. जैसे दुर्घटना में स्पाइनल में किसी कशेरूका को धक्का लगना.

ग्रीनस्टिक फ्रैक्चर: - यह आमतौर पर बच्चों में होता है. यह तब होता है, जब किसी प्रकार के प्रेशर के कारण हड्डी एक तरफ से ट्विस्ट है और उसके कारण से दूसरी तरफ से टूट जाती है.

कॉमिन्यूटेड फ्रैक्चर: – जब किसी प्रकार की एक्सीडेंट या इंजरी के कारण हड्डी तीन या उससे अधिक हिस्सों में टूट जाए

ट्रांस्वेर्स फ्रैक्चर: – जब टूट-फूट हड्डी के किसी बड़े हिस्से में होने की बजाए शरीर के छोटे-छोटे हिस्सों में होती है.

एवल्शन फ्रैक्चर: – जब किसी हड्डी के खींचे जाने से हड्डी से जुड़े टेंडन्स और लिगामेंट्स हड्डी से अलग हो जाएं या उनमें टूट-फूट हो जाए.

इंपेक्टेड फ्रैक्चर: – यह फ्रैक्चर तब होता है, जब बॉडी की कोई हड्डी अपने सिरों के दोनो तरफ से प्रेशर में आ जाती है.

स्ट्रेन फ्रैक्चर: – यह तब होता है, जब शरीर की किसी हड्डी का अधिकतम उपयोग किया जाता है या उससे बार-बार एक ही गति का काम किया जाता है.

हड्डी टूटने के लक्षण या संकेत-
हड्डी टूटने के लक्षण और संकेत रोगी की उम्र, हेल्थ, इंजरी की गंभीरता और किस हड्डी में चोट लगी है इत्यादि के अनुसार दिखाई देते हैं. अगर आपकी हड्डी टूटने पर है, तो आपको हड्डी या उसके आस-पास की जगह में बहुत ज्यादा दर्द और सूजन भी आ सकती है. जब हड्डी में फ्रैक्चर होती है, तो उस समय पॉपिंग या क्रेकिंग की आवाज सुनाई दे सकती है.

अगर हाथों या पैरों की किसी हड्डी टूटने पर हुआ है, तो वह हिस्सा मुड़ जाती है या विकृत रूप से नजर आती है.
साथ ही फ्रैक्चर वाली हड्डी की ऊपरी त्वचा नीली पड़ सकती है या अन्य परिस्थिति में ब्लड भी निकल सकता है.

अगर कंपाउड फ्रैक्चर है, तो हड्डी का कोई हिस्सा त्वचा से बाहर निकला हुआ दिखाई दे सकता है और वहां पर एक बड़ा घाव बन सकता है.

टूटी हुई हड्डी को हिलने में बहुत मुश्किल हो सकता है, अगर फ्रैक्चर अगर पैर की हड्डी में होता है है, तो चलने घुमने में बहुत परेशानी हो सकती है.

टूटी हुई हड्डियों के ट्रीटमेंट का उद्देश्य
आमतौर पर फ्रैक्चर के ट्रीटमेंट का इस उद्देश्य से किया जाता है कि ट्रीटमेंट के बाद बॉडी का चोटिल हिस्सा जितना हो सके उतने अच्छे तरीके से काम कर सके. प्राकृतिक ट्रीटमेंट प्रक्रिया शुरू करने के लिए, ब्रोकन बोन के सिरे आपस में मिलने जरूरी होते हैं, इसे फ्रैक्चर को कम करने के रूप में जाना जाता है. जब फ्रैक्चर को कम किया जाता है, उस दौरान डॉक्टर रोगी को सामान्य बेहोशी की स्थिति में रखते हैं.

स्थिरीकरण: – जोड़ने के लिए हड्डियों के सिरों को मिलाया जाता है और ठीक तरीके से जुड़ने तक उनको उसी दशा में रखा जाता है. जिसे निम्न की मदद से किया जाता है- प्लास्टर कास्ट या प्लास्टर के फंक्शनल ब्रेसिज़: – ये हड्डी को उसी दशा में बनाए रखते हैं, जब तक वह जुड़ नहीं जाती.
धातु की प्लेट व पेच: - वर्तमान प्रक्रियाएं कम से कम आक्रामक तकनीकों का उपयोग कर सकती हैं
इंट्रा-मेड्यूलरी कील: – आंतरिक धातु की छड़ी को लंबी हड्डियों के बीच में डाला जाता है और बच्चों में लचीले तारों का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है. आम तौर पर फ्रैक्चर हुई हड्डी व उसके आस-पास के क्षेत्र का 2 से 8 हफ्तों को लिए स्थिरीकरण कर दिया जाता है. स्थिरीकरण की अवधि इसपर निर्भर करती है कि कौन सी हड्डी टूटने पर हुआ है या फिर कुछ जटिलताओं पर जैसे खून की आपूर्ति में समस्या या संक्रमण.

हड्डी टूटने पर प्राथमिक चिकित्सा
कुछ घरेलु तकनीक है जो आप हॉस्पिटल पहुँचने के पहलें आप इस्तेमाल कर सकते है. यह तरीकें निम्नलिखित बताए गए हैं:
1. इंजरी वाली जगह पर आइस का इस्तेमाल से दर्द और सुजन से राहत मिल सकती हैं.
2. प्रभावित हिस्से को धीरे-धीरे साबुन और पानी के साथ धोनें से घाव के अंदर बैक्टीरिया से बचाव करने में मदद मिलती है.
3. इसके अलावा आप घाव को किसी पट्टी या साफ कपड़े से ढ़क कर रखें.

अगर फ्रैक्चर हाथों या पैरों में होती है, तो एक स्लिंग या स्पलिंट की सहायता से टूटी हुई हड्डी को हिलने से बचाया जा सकता है और स्थिर बना कर के रखा जा सकता है. स्पलिंट बनाने के लिए अखबार या कोई मैग्ज़ीन का इस्तेमाल कर सकते है. अगर संभावित रूप से लगता है कि ऊपरी पैर, स्पाइनल, पेल्विक या कूल्हे की हड्डी टूटने पर है, तो मेडिकल सहायता आने तक वहीं रहना चाहिए और हड्डियों को हिलाने की कोशिश नहीं करनी चाहिए. इसे हिलाने का प्रयास करने से प्रभावित हिस्से को और ज्यादा नुकसान हो सकता है.

Cracks And Fractures - What's The Difference?

Cracks And Fractures - What's The Difference?

A fracture separates a single solid object into two or more pieces due to pressure. In medical terms, a fracture refers to a broken bone due to some kind of external trauma. A crack in the bone, on the other hand, does not cause a clean break in the bone - there is only a separation or discontinuity in the bone material. A crack in the bone caused due to repeated stress is often called a 'hairline fracture'.

Here are the basic differences between a crack and a fracture in the bone and the methods to treat them:

1.  A crack or hairline fracture is rarely caused by a single injury. It is usually the result of bone fatigue which may be caused due to repeated concentrated stress over a long period of time and thus, it is also called a stress fracture. Other bone fractures are almost always the result of sudden and severe force on the bones.

2.  The skeletal system constantly remodels itself. The cells called osteoblasts absorb calcium and secrete bone connective tissue. If a particular site is exposed to recurrent bouts of force (which are individually not impactful enough to cause a crack), over time the osteoblasts in that region malfunction and the crack appears. Muscular exhaustion can also cause cracks in the bones. Fractures are caused due to sudden external single force trauma to the bone. Nutritional problems like deficiencies of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D and excessive smoking decrease the bone mineral density and increase the chances of both cracks and fractures.

3.  The symptoms of a crack are swelling, tenderness and sharp pain in the injured region. The symptoms worsen over time. A fracture has similar symptoms and might also exhibit an external physical distortion. It becomes impossible to move the part of the body where the broken bone is located.

4. An MRI is better for the detection of cracks or crack-prone areas because an X-ray can only detect the crack after it widens somewhat or the bone starts paining because the rays cannot pass through the tiny gap in bone material. A fracture is easily detectable by an X-ray because the rays pass right through the break.

5. Complete rest for six to eight weeks is the most effective way of healing a crack. Using a walking boot in case of cracks in the leg bones in also helpful. Healing fractures require extensive medical intervention. Surgical techniques like bone grafting and insertion of metal plates are used to reposition the broken bone.

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Fracture Pain - How To Deal With It?

Fracture Pain - How To Deal With It?

A fracture is a complete or incomplete crack, which appears on a bone due to application of intense pressure or force. A fracture results in extreme pain, and the bone becomes immobile. Any kind of movement boosts the pain. Fracture pain occurs in three distinct stages. Acute pain is felt immediately after a fracture while sub acute pain occurs over the weeks that follow after a fracture. The third stage or chronic pain occurs when the fracture and soft tissues around it have healed.

Fracture pain is quite intense in nature and proper precautions should be taken while dealing with them:

  1. Development of fracture pain: When a bone undergoes a fracture, the ligaments and tendons are also damaged. While the bone slowly heals, ligaments and tendons fail to heal equally well or completely. Post fracture pain also develops when the outside of the bone does not heal completely. This usually does not appear in an X-ray.
  2. Treatment of fracture pain: Modern medications can be utilized to treat a fracture pain. Steroid injections and prescribed anti-inflammatory medicines help in treating a fracture pain. However, these remedies cause side effects, which are harmful for the body. Cortisone shots are utilized for the same purpose as well.
  3. ProlotherapyProlotherapy is an approach where ligament and tendon strengthening is stimulated along with repairing. This technique ensures complete treatment of the fracture, and the risk of long-term complications like arthritis is absent. In cases of fracture pain, which occurs due to the incomplete healing of the outer part of the bone, Prolotherapy helps in strengthening the fibro-osseous junction at the source of the pain. This will stop the nerve endings from firing. Prolotherapy provides speedy recovery and accounts for making the injured bone stronger than before. This process is often undergone by athletes. The procedure is undertaken only after thorough examinations for detection of the root cause of the pain. Prolotherapy is considered to be the best treatment for repairing tendons and ligaments, which commonly cause fracture pain. The body is simply stimulated and the painful areas are repaired. This is done by the introduction of a mild inflammatory reaction to the area of the weak tendons and cartilages. The results obtained after Prolotherapy are permanent and the fracture pain is unlikely to reoccur.

Other measures:

  1. Splints are utilized to stop the movement of fractured bone and braces can be used to support the bone. Plaster cast also supports and immobilizes the fractured bone. Traction and surgical implants are other treatment measures.
  2. Fracture pain occurs not only because of the broken bone, but also because of the weakened ligaments and tendons around the bone. Fracture pain should be handled very carefully, and proper control measures should be applied.
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Stress Fracture - Causes And Treatment!

Stress Fracture - Causes And Treatment!

One of the most common injuries in sports is a stress fracture. Overcoming an injury like a stress fracture can be difficult, but it can be done.

A stress fracture is an overuse injury. It occurs when muscles become fatigued and are unable to absorb added shock. Eventually, the fatigued muscle transfers the overload of stress to the bone causing a tiny crack called a stress fracture.

Causes :

Stress fractures often are the result of increasing the amount or intensity of an activity too rapidly. They also can be caused by the impact of an unfamiliar surface (a tennis player who has switched surfaces from a soft clay court to a hard court); improper equipment (a runner using worn or less flexible shoes); and increased physical stress (a basketball player who has had a substantial increase in playing time).

Common sites:

Most stress fractures occur in the weight bearing bones of the lower leg and the foot. More than 50 percent of all stress fractures occur in the lower leg.The repetitive stress of the foot striking the ground can cause trauma. Without sufficient rest between workouts or competitions, an athlete is at risk for developing a stress fracture.

Stress fractures affect people of all ages who participate in repetitive sporting activities, like running. Medical studies have shown that female athletes seem to experience more stress fractures than their male counterparts. Many orthopaedic surgeons attribute this to a condition referred to as "the female athlete triad", eating disorders (bulimia or anorexia), amenorrhea (infrequent menstrual cycle), and osteoporosis. As a female's bone mass decreases, her chances of getting a stress fracture increases.

Presenting complaints:

Pain with activity is the most common complaint with a stress fracture. This pain subsides with rest.

Diagnosis:

X-rays are commonly used to determine stress fracture. Sometimes, the stress fracture cannot be seen on regular x-rays or will not show up for several weeks after the pain starts. Occasionally, a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be necessary.

Treatment:

The most important treatment is rest. Individuals need to rest from the activity that caused the stress fracture, and engage in a pain-free activity during the six to eight weeks it takes most stress fractures to heal.If the activity that caused the stress fracture is resumed too quickly, larger, harder-to-heal stress fractures can develop. Re-injury also could lead to chronic problems where the stress fracture might never heal properly.In addition to rest, shoe inserts or braces may be used to help these injuries heal.

Prevention:

1.When participating in any new sports activity, set incremental goals. For example, do not immediately set out to run five miles a day; instead, gradually increase distance.

2.Cross-training - Alternating activities that accomplish the same fitness goals -- can help to prevent injuries like stress fractures. Instead of running every day to meet cardiovascular goals, run on even days and bike on odd days. Add some strength training and flexibility exercises to the mix for the most benefit.

3.Maintain a healthy diet. Make sure you incorporate calcium- and Vitamin D-rich foods in your meals.

4.Use the proper equipment. Do not wear old or worn running shoes.

5.If pain or swelling occurs, immediately stop the activity and rest for a few days. If continued pain persists, see an orthopaedic surgeon.

6.It is important to remember that if you recognize the symptoms early and treat them appropriately, you can return to sports at your normal playing level.

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Hip Fracture Prevention - 3 Ways It Can Be Done!

Hip Fracture Prevention - 3 Ways It Can Be Done!

Old age or certain medical conditions may cause osteoporosis. In such conditions, one needs to be cautious as even the smallest of falls can cause fractures which may render the patient bed-ridden. Here are a few tips to how you can prevent hip fracture.

Read on to find out more about the prevention of hip fracture.

  1. Preventing falls: People over the age of 65 have a higher risk of falling due to various causes. To reduce such risks one should take the help of walking aids such as a walking stick. Avoid walking on slippery surfaces or wear rubber sandals and shoes to ensure that you do not slip on such a surface. One should also exercise regularly to maintain strength in the bones. Flexibility and fitness increase with exercise and thus decrease the chances of falling.
  2. Hip protectors: Hip protectors are used for lessening the impact of a fall. It is highly useful in case of older people for preventing hip fractures. Hip protectors are basically a device which uses padding and plastic material for shielding and absorbing impact and is attached to specially designed undergarments. The padding absorbs the shock and the plastic material diverts the shock away from vulnerable areas. Hip protectors in the past were sparsely used as they used to be highly uncomfortable and used to cause a major inconvenience. Modern hip protectors however have reduced the level of discomfort and also have newer features which provide ventilation, thus reducing sweating. Hip protectors are highly useful for old people who are admitted in care homes and who have a high risk of falling. It is of relatively less useful for people who are active.
  3. Frax tool: The world health organization (WHO) has developed a fracture assessment tool which calculates the risk of fracture of a person whose age is between 40 to 90 years. This tool takes into account the bone mineral density (BMD) and other factors such as age and sex to determine the chances of fracture depending on the current physical condition of your body.
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Cracks Vs Fractures - Know More About Them!

Cracks Vs Fractures - Know More About Them!

A fracture separates a single solid object into two or more pieces due to pressure. In medical terms, a fracture refers to a broken bone due to some kind of external trauma. A crack in the bone, on the other hand, does not cause a clean break in the bone - there is only a separation or discontinuity in the bone material. A crack in the bone caused due to repeated stress is often called a 'hairline fracture'.

Here are the basic differences between a crack and a fracture in the bone and how to treat them:

1. A crack or hairline fracture is rarely caused by a single injury. It is usually the result of bone fatigue which may be caused due to repeated concentrated stress over a long period of time and thus it is also called a stress fracture. Other bone fractures are almost always the result of sudden and severe force on the bones.

2. The skeletal system constantly remodels itself. The cells called osteoblasts absorb calcium and secrete bone connective tissue. If a particular site is exposed to recurrent bouts of force (which are individually not impactful enough to cause a crack), over time the osteoblasts in that region malfunction and the crack appears. Muscular exhaustion can also cause cracks in the bones. Fractures are caused due to sudden external single force trauma to the bone. Nutritional problems like deficiencies of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D and excessive smoking decrease the bone mineral density and increase the chances of both cracks and fractures.

3. The symptoms of a crack are swelling, tenderness and sharp pain in the injured region. The symptoms worsen over time. A fracture has similar symptoms and might also exhibit an external physical distortion and makes it impossible to move the part of the body that where the broken bone is.

4. An MRI is better for the detection of cracks or crack-prone areas because an X-ray can only detect the crack after it widens somewhat or the bone starts paining because the rays cannot pass through the tiny gap in bone material. A fracture is easily detectable by an X-ray because the rays pass right through the break.

5. Complete rest for six to eight weeks is the most effective way of healing a crack. Using a walking boot in case of cracks in the leg bones in also helpful. Healing fractures requires extensive medical intervention. Surgical techniques like bone grafting and insertion of metal plates are used to reposition the broken bone.
 

4267 people found this helpful

Cracks And Fractures - What Differentiates It?

Cracks And Fractures - What Differentiates It?

A fracture separates a single solid object into two or more pieces due to pressure. In medical terms, a fracture refers to a broken bone due to some kind of external trauma. A crack in the bone, on the other hand, does not cause a clean break in the bone - there is only a separation or discontinuity in the bone material. A crack in the bone caused due to repeated stress is often called a 'hairline fracture'.

Here are the basic differences between a crack and a fracture in the bone and how to treat them:

1.        A crack or hairline fracture is rarely caused by a single injury. It is usually the result of bone fatigue which may be caused due to repeated concentrated stress over a long period of time and thus it is also called a stress fracture. Other bone fractures are almost always the result of sudden and severe force on the bones.

2.        The skeletal system constantly remodels itself. The cells called osteoblasts absorb calcium and secrete bone connective tissue. If a particular site is exposed to recurrent bouts of force (which are individually not impactful enough to cause a crack), over time the osteoblasts in that region malfunction and the crack appears. Muscular exhaustion can also cause cracks in the bones. Fractures are caused due to sudden external single force trauma to the bone. Nutritional problems like deficiencies of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D and excessive smoking decrease the bone mineral density and increase the chances of both cracks and fractures.

3.        The symptoms of a crack are swelling, tenderness and sharp pain in the injured region. The symptoms worsen over time. A fracture has similar symptoms and might also exhibit an external physical distortion and makes it impossible to move the part of the body that where the broken bone is.

4.        An MRI is better for the detection of cracks or crack-prone areas because an X-ray can only detect the crack after it widens somewhat or the bone starts paining because the rays cannot pass through the tiny gap in bone material. A fracture is easily detectable by an X-ray because the rays pass right through the break.

5.        Complete rest for six to eight weeks is the most effective way of healing a crack. Using a walking boot in case of cracks in the leg bones in also helpful. Healing fractures requires extensive medical intervention. Surgical techniques like bone grafting and insertion of metal plates are used to reposition the broken bone.
 

5126 people found this helpful
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