Fractures are simply a break in a bone. They can be caused due to injury, (traumatic fractures) or a pre-existing condition like osteoporosis that causes weakening of bones (pathologic fractures). There are many ways to classify fractures. All fractures fall into the major categories of simple and compound fractures. Simple fractures are fractures where bones remain inside the skin and don’t jut out. They are also called closed fractures.
Compound fractures, also called open fractures, are broken bones that penetrate through the skin. These types expose the bone and deep tissues to the environment. Compound fractures are more serious of the two. The healing here may be affected due to deep infections for which antibiotics need to be used. There are many different sub types of fractures and we’re only going to skim through them here.
Other types of fractures are characterised by the many different angles the bone breaks into like transverse, oblique and spiral fractures.
When a bone is broken there are symptoms like swelling that doesn’t subside on its own and pain. In such a case it’s imperative that one goes to a doctor for a diagnosis. Doctors can usually recognise most fractures by examining the injury and taking an X-ray. The X-ray also provides a clear idea about the type of fracture and the degree of displacement of the bone. And, it’s important that the patient doesn’t wait too long before approaching a doctor. This is because bones begin to heal very quickly after a fracture and the bone tissue will heal using any tissue available. This can lead to a misalignment of broken pieces of bone and cause disability and loss of function.
There are cases when X-ray may not show a fracture. This is especially common in fractures in the hip and wrist in older people. For diagnosing these, doctors will get some other tests done such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a bone scan.
Fractures have to be treated by doctors. The doctors set the fractured bones in their proper place and hold them there so that they can heal. Setting a bone is called "reduction." Reduction without surgery is called "closed reduction." But if the fracture is serious, it’s going to require surgery with bone repositioning, called open reduction.
In extreme cases, pins, plates, screws, rods, or glue are used to hold the fractured bones in place, inside the body. Once the bone abutment has been treated, the bone is immobilised to allow the broken pieces to heal. In most cases, the fractured part is set in a rigid cast. The fractured ends of the bone can be fixed into place using metal pins connected to an external frame. This is removed after the bone has healed. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Osteoporotic vertebral fracture, also known as compression fracture, is a condition of the spine. The simplest way to detect the issue is by visiting a doctor when you feel pain in the back. Usually this pain is limited to the lower back, but with time, the discomfort may spread upward. Here is a look at some of the things you should know about the condition, if you have been diagnosed with the same.
Causes of Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture
Several things may cause the condition. For instance, osteoporosis is a major contributing factor for such a fracture. Other causes for the disease include underlying conditions that can affect proper development of the bone. Furthermore, accidents are often responsible for such fractures. With age, men and women begin to lose bone density and end up with osteoporosis. At this stage of the condition, the bones become hollow and thus, they have a greater chance of fracture than a healthy bone.
Since it is a spinal fracture, affliction with such a condition will mean that much of your mobility and ability to do work diminishes. Here are some common symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fracture aside from back pain-
Treatment depends on the cause of the condition. For instance, if the compression fracture results from osteoporosis, doctors will prescribe medication for the pain and the underlying osteoporosis as well. The pain can last for anywhere between a few weeks to a month or even longer. Certain medications are used to provide relief from some of the pain.
Apart from the medication, doctors may also advice certain lifestyle changes. For instance, bed rest is recommended to patients during such a fracture. However, osteoporosis patients should ensure not to stay in this inactive state for a long period, as their condition may worsen.
In acute cases of compression fractures in the spine, patients may need to undergo a surgical procedure in order to find relief from the discomfort and pain. Vertebroplasty, spinal fusion surgery and kyphoplasty, are the three common surgeries used to rectify the compression fracture. While Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty are minimally invasive procedures, spinal fusion surgery is a complicated treatment, which is usually the last resort.
Any mild fracture in the hip can give a tough time to people. A hipbone fracture or broken hip is mostly common in the elderly people, especially in women. Mostly, the reason is underlying thinning of bones. In addition, in any hospital hip fracture is considered to be the most common bone treatment in the orthopaedic department.
A hipbone fracture can be intracapsular (within the joint capsule), or it can be extracapsular (outside the joint capsule).
What causes the hipbone fracture?
As discussed before, the leading cause of hipbone fracture is thinning of bones. So if you develop osteoporosis, you end up getting a fracture in your hip, mostly when you fall. Osteoporosis generally means your bone density has decreased, and your bones have become honeycombed. This makes the bone more fragile.
Generally, if you have a fracture in your hip, then you will feel pain around the injured portion, you will face difficulty in walking or moving. These are the most common symptoms that can be felt during a broken hip. Mostly the intensity of the fracture is determined clinically via different tests like X-ray, MRI, CT scan etc. The treatment may vary and depends upon the intensity of the injury. Now if we talk about the treatment of hipbone fracture, it's mostly surgery.
Well, it will be smart enough to take prevention regarding the hipbone fracture. There are various kinds of guidelines, which can help elders to prevent a hipbone fracture.
How to prevent hipbone fracture?
If you don't feel steady enough, then to avoid falling, it is safe to use a walker or walking stick in the old age.